[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ligand efficiency (LE) and lipophilic efficiency (LipE) are two important indicators of "drug-likeness", which are dependent on the molecule's activity and physicochemical properties. We recently reported a furano-pyrimidine Aurora kinase inhibitor 4 (LE = 0.25; LipE = 1.75), with potent activity in vitro; however, 4 was inactive in vivo. On the basis of insights obtained from the X-ray co-crystal structure of the lead 4, various solubilizing functional groups were introduced to optimize both the activity and physicochemical properties. Emphasis was placed on identifying potential leads with improved activity as well as better LE and LipE by exercising tight control over the molecular weight and lipophilicity of the molecules. Rational optimization has led to the identification of Aurora kinase inhibitor 27 (IBPR001; LE = 0.26; LipE = 4.78), with improved in vitro potency and physicochemical properties, resulting in an in vivo active (HCT-116 colon cancer xenograft mouse model) anticancer agent.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 06/2013; · 5.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The overexpression of Aurora kinases in multiple tumors makes these kinases appealing targets for the development of anticancer therapies. This study identified two small molecules with a furanopyrimidine core, IBPR001 and IBPR002, that target Aurora kinases and induce a DFG conformation change at the ATP site of Aurora A. Our results demonstrate the high potency of the IBPR compounds in reducing tumorigenesis in a colorectal cancer xenograft model in athymic nude mice. Human hepatoma up-regulated protein (HURP) is a substrate of Aurora kinase A, which plays a crucial role in the stabilization of kinetochore fibers. This study used the IBPR compounds as well as MLN8237, a proven Aurora A inhibitor, as chemical probes to investigate the molecular role of HURP in mitotic spindle formation. These compounds effectively eliminated HURP phosphorylation, thereby revealing the coexistence and continuous cycling of HURP between unphosphorylated and phosphorylated forms that are associated, respectively, with microtubules emanating from centrosomes and kinetochores. Furthermore, these compounds demonstrate a spatial hierarchical preference for HURP in the attachment of microtubules extending from the mother to the daughter centrosome. The finding of inequality in the centrosomal microtubules revealed by these small molecules provides a versatile tool for the discovery of new cell-division molecules for the development of antitumor drugs.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2013; · 9.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe the 3D-QSAR-assisted design of an Aurora kinase A inhibitor with improved physicochemical properties, in vitro activity, and in vivo pharmacokinetic profiles over those of the initial lead. Three different 3D-QSAR models were built and validated by using a set of 66 pyrazole (Model I) and furanopyrimidine (Model II) compounds with IC(50) values toward Aurora kinase A ranging from 33 nM to 10.5 μM. The best 3D-QSAR model, Model III, constructed with 24 training set compounds from both series, showed robustness (r(2) (CV) =0.54 and 0.52 for CoMFA and CoMSIA, respectively) and superior predictive capacity for 42 test set compounds (R(2) (pred) =0.52 and 0.67, CoMFA and CoMSIA). Superimposition of CoMFA and CoMSIA Model III over the crystal structure of Aurora kinase A suggests the potential to improve the activity of the ligands by decreasing the steric clash with Val147 and Leu139 and by increasing hydrophobic contact with Leu139 and Gly216 residues in the solvent-exposed region of the enzyme. Based on these suggestions, the rational redesign of furanopyrimidine 24 (clog P=7.41; Aurora A IC(50) =43 nM; HCT-116 IC(50) =400 nM) led to the identification of quinazoline 67 (clog P=5.28; Aurora A IC(50) =25 nM; HCT-116 IC(50) =23 nM). Rat in vivo pharmacokinetic studies showed that 67 has better systemic exposure after i.v. administration than 24, and holds potential for further development.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A high-throughput 32D(L858R/T790M) cell-based assay to identify inhibitors of the L858R/T790M mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway was established. After screening, ten hits from among 60,000 compounds in our in-house compound library were initially identified. In the secondary assays, one hit, 1-[2-(decyloxy)-2-oxoethyl]-3-methyl-2-[(4-methylphenoxy) methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-3-ium, was confirmed to directly inhibit the kinase activity of recombinant L858R/T790M EGFR and the phosphorylation of EGFR-L858R/T790M in gefitinib-resistant H1975 cells. Thus, this high-throughput assay system may be useful for identifying novel inhibitors which suppress mutant EGFR-T790M signalling and for overcoming T790M-mediated acquired resistance for future anticancer drug discovery.
Anticancer research 01/2012; 32(1):147-51. · 1.71 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oxovanadium(V) complex 4 was prepared from VOSO4 and tridentate Schiff base ligand, which was prepared from substituted salicylaldehyde and inexpensive (S)-valine. Asymmetric silylcyanation of the aldehydes catalyzed by catalyst 4 afforded cyanohydrins with good enantioselectivities.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HTS hit 7 was modified through hybrid design strategy to introduce a chiral side chain followed by introduction of Michael acceptor group to obtain potent EGFR kinase inhibitors 11 and 19. Both 11 and 19 showed over 3 orders of magnitude enhanced HCC827 antiproliferative activity compared to HTS hit 7 and also inhibited gefitinib-resistant double mutant (DM, T790M/L858R) EGFR kinase at nanomolar concentration. Moreover, treatment with 19 shrinked tumor in nude mice xenograft model.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 09/2010; 53(20). · 5.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A focused library of furanopyrimidine (350 compounds) was rapidly synthesized in parallel reactors and in situ screened for Aurora and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase activity, leading to the identification of some interesting hits. On the basis of structural biology observations, the hit 1a was modified to better fit the back pocket, producing the potent Aurora inhibitor 3 with submicromolar antiproliferative activity in HCT-116 colon cancer cell line. On the basis of docking studies with EGFR hit 1s, introduction of acrylamide Michael acceptor group led to 8, which inhibited both the wild and mutant EGFR kinase and also showed antiproliferative activity in HCC827 lung cancer cell line. Furthermore, the X-ray cocrystal study of 3 and 8 in complex with Aurora and EGFR, respectively, confirmed their hypothesized binding modes. Library construction, in situ screening, and structure-based drug design (SBDD) strategy described here could be applied for the lead identification of other kinases.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/2010; 53(13):4980-8. · 5.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Herein we reveal a simple method for the identification of novel Aurora kinase A inhibitors through substructure searching of an in-house compound library to select compounds for testing. A hydrazone fragment conferring Aurora kinase activity and heterocyclic rings most frequently reported in kinase inhibitors were used as substructure queries to filter the in-house compound library collection prior to testing. Five new series of Aurora kinase inhibitors were identified through this strategy, with IC(50) values ranging from approximately 300 nM to approximately 15 microM, by testing only 133 compounds from a database of approximately 125,000 compounds. Structure-activity relationship studies and X-ray co-crystallographic analysis of the most potent compound, a furanopyrimidine derivative with an IC(50) value of 309 nM toward Aurora kinase A, were carried out. The knowledge gained through these studies could help in the future design of potent Aurora kinase inhibitors.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BPR0L075 (2) is a potential anticancer drug candidate designed from Combretastatin A-4 (1) based on the bioisosterism principle. Metabolites of 2, proposed from in vitro human microsome studies, were synthesized, leading to the identification of metabolite-derived analogue 10 with 40-350 pM potency against various cancer cell lines. Insights gained from the major inactive metabolite of 2 led to the development of 29, with better pharmacokinetics and improved potency in the tumor xenograft model than 2.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 08/2009; 52(15):4941-5. · 5.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New chiral oxovanadium complexes containing an extra phenolic hydroxyl group were found to enhance the catalytic enantioselective coupling of 2-naphthols in moderate to good enantioselectivity.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vanadium induced organic synthesis has gained significant importance in recent years. In this proceeding, we have discussed the recent advances in vanadium mediated biaryl coupling and some CC bond formation reactions. Efficacy of the vanadium in various oxidative coupling reactions of phenols, naphthols, their methyl ethers and in the asymmetric synthesis of chiral BINOLs is discussed in this review. Vanadium catalysed modified Mannich reaction is also discussed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The enantioselective oxidative coupling of 2-naphthols using 2
mol% chiral oxovanadium complex under mild conditions afforded chiral
BINOLs in moderate enantioselectivity.
Chemical Communications 01/2001; · 6.38 Impact Factor