Toshihide Okada

Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Ishiza, Okinawa, Japan

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Publications (43)197.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to resect gastric submucosal tumors with intraluminal growth. Endoscopic submucosal dissection is used to determine the appropriate resection line from within the stomach lumen as it minimizes the stomach wall resection area and prevents postoperative stomach deformity. Although LECS is intended to preserve gastric function, few reports have evaluated postoperative residual gastric motility. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent LECS to determine the effects of LECS on residual gastric motility.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e101337. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is more accurate than white-light imaging for diagnosing small gastric cancers. However, it is uncertain whether moving M-NBI images have additional effects in the diagnosis of gastric cancers compared with still images.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e100857. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transoral endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) is useful for identifying early-stage head and neck cancer. However, the screening capability of transoral upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has not yet been systematically evaluated. We evaluated the usefulness of transoral upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for pharyngeal examination. This cross-sectional study evaluated 480 patients. All endoscopic pharyngeal examinations with NBI were carried out in accordance with prescribed procedures, consisting of 10 images each and all images were assessed by a blinded reviewer. We examined the association between the diagnostic usefulness of pharyngeal examination and other factors. Median subject age was 64 years (range 22-90 years), and 64% were male. Almost all patients (98%) had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 or 1.Butylscopolamine bromide was given to 382 patients (80%), and a sedative was given to 460 (96%) patients. Median observation time was 74 s (range, 16-362 s), resulting in a mean of 9.0 usable images per patient. However, photographs of the right and left pyriform sinuses were consistently poor. Ordered logistic regression analysis showed that quality images were positively correlated with increased patient age. Transoral endoscopic examination was possible in most patients for screening of the head and neck. However, results were poor in the pyriform sinuses, indicating that additional improvements of examination methods and instruments are needed to enhance screening accuracy.
    Digestive Endoscopy 11/2013; · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonmagnifying observation by using narrow-band imaging (NBI) is useful for detecting pharyngeal lesions. Magnifying observation by using NBI can distinguish between cancerous and noncancerous lesions and is therefore useful for the early detection of pharyngeal cancer. To evaluate the usefulness of observation of the pharynx by using NBI in the overall population undergoing upper GI endoscopy. Retrospective study. Single tertiary referral center. A total of 11,050 upper GI endoscopies between January 2009 and December 2012. Observation of the pharynx by using NBI. The rate of detection of pharyngeal cancer, the rates of detection according to the reason for endoscopy, and the types of cancers detected. Thirty-eight cancerous lesions were detected in 29 patients (0.26%, 29/11,050). The rate of detection of pharyngeal cancer was significantly higher in patients with a history of head and neck cancer (9.7%, 3/31) or a history of esophageal cancer (3.5%, 10/282). In patients undergoing endoscopy for screening, pharyngeal discomfort, and a history of gastric cancer, the rates of detection of pharyngeal cancer were 0.11% (10/8872), 1.1% (3/265), and 0.19% (3/1600), respectively. Two patients (6.9%) were female. One had a history of esophageal cancer, and the other had pharyngeal discomfort. Single-center, retrospective study. Observation of the pharynx by using NBI in patients with previous head and neck cancer or esophageal cancer or who have pharyngeal discomfort is very important. Moreover, pharyngeal cancer was certainly found in the male patients undergoing screening endoscopy, although the rate was lower.
    Gastrointestinal endoscopy 11/2013; · 6.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Narrow-band imaging (NBI) is useful for detecting superficial oropharyngeal lesions. However, the diagnostic and treatment guidelines for NBI are not established. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the treatment strategy for these microlesions. METHODS: From October 2008 to September 2009, 68 flat-type brownish microlesions were observed in the orohypopharynx using NBI. Lesions were examined via magnifying NBI (M-NBI) and followed up without biopsy or endoscopic resection for >12 months. To clarify the characteristics, lesions were compared with the endoscopic characteristics of flat-type lesions diagnosed by biopsy and endoscopic resection as squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. RESULTS: The average diameter of the 68 lesions was 1.6 mm (range, 0.5-5 mm). At the 1-year follow up, 19 lesions had disappeared. No size increases or morphological changes wereobserved among 49 lesions followed for >1 year. At 2 years, 10 patients had dropped out and 11 lesions had disappeared. No changes were observed among 28 lesions followed for >2 years. Of the flat-type lesions as squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, a distinct border and irregular distribution of atypical vessels were observed in all cases using M-NBI. These findings were observed in two of 68 flat-type brownish microlesions during follow up. CONCLUSION: Although there is some possibility of squamous cell carcinoma or high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, flat-type microlesions of ≤5 mm diameter in the orohypopharynx may be followed for up to 2 years without biopsy or endoscopic resection.
    Digestive Endoscopy 06/2013; · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In biopsy specimens with low grade adenomas, it is often difficult to identify the presence of high grade adenomas or early carcinomas and low grade adenomas preoperatively, and clear guidelines have not yet been defined for the applicability of endoscopic treatment to low grade adenomas identified in biopsy specimens. We aimed to clarify the usefulness of magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) compared to conventional white light endoscopy for diagnosing actual high grade adenomas or early carcinomas with low grade adenomas, using the VS (microvascular pattern [V] and microsurface pattern [S]) classification for low grade adenomas in biopsy specimens. The study cohort consisted of 135 patients who were diagnosed with low grade adenomas in preoperative biopsy specimens and received endoscopic submucosal dissection. In the elevated type of lesion, magnifying endoscopy with NBI diagnosed high grade adenomas or early carcinomas at a higher sensitivity and specificity than conventional white light endoscopy (82.4 vs. 70.6%, P = 0.391, 97.3 vs. 54.7%, P < 0.0001). In the depressed macroscopic type of lesion, magnifying endoscopy with NBI also diagnosed high grade adenomas or early carcinomas at a higher sensitivity (95.5 vs. 68.2%, P = 0.0459) than conventional white light endoscopy. Although the specificity was high, at 100%, the difference when compared to conventional white light endoscopy was not significant (100 vs. 100%, P > 0.99). For low grade adenomas in biopsy specimens, it is vital to take sufficient consideration of endoscopic findings and not take action based only on the biopsy results. If a decision is made using the VS classification with magnifying endoscopy with NBI, actual high grade adenomas or early carcinomas can be differentiated from low grade adenomas so that endoscopic treatment can be performed more strictly.
    Gastric Cancer 03/2012; 15(2):170-8. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe hypomagnesemia is a serious clinical condition. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) induced hypomagnesemia has been recognized since 2006. In March 2011 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advised that long-term use of PPI can induce hypomagnesemia. We report the first Japanese case of hypomagnesemia associated with chronic use of PPIs in a 64-year-old man hospitalized for nausea, bilateral ankle arthritis, and tremor of the extremities who had convulsions 3 days after admission. Blood analysis showed severe hypomagnesemia. He had been taking rabeprazole (10 mg/day) for 5 years. After stopping rabeprazole and correcting the electrolytes imbalances, his symptoms improved without recurrence.
    Internal Medicine 01/2012; 51(16):2231-4. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although adrenomedullin (AM) is known to ameliorate inflammatory processes, few data exist regarding the effect of AM on inflammatory colitis. Therefore, we examined the effect of AM on inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo colitis model. In mice experimental colitis induced by 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for 7 days, AM with 225-900 μg/kg in 0.5 ml of saline or saline alone were given intraperitoneally once a day. In the in vitro experiment, we determined the cytokine response in THP-1 cell activated by lipopolysaccharide with or without AM of 10 nM. Additionally, we performed wound healing assay in Caco-2 cell interfered by DSS with or without AM of 100 nM. In the colitis model, AM significantly reduced the disease activity index, histological score, and local production of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 in accordance with reduction of serum amyloid A levels. Secretion of TNF-α in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated THP-1 cells was significantly reduced in the presence of AM. The distance of wound healing interfered by 0.25% DSS was significantly improved in the presence of AM of 100 nM. These results demonstrate that AM could ameliorate DSS-induced experimental colitis possibly through suppression of systemic and local production of cytokines such as TNF-α, associated with acceleration of ulcer reepithelialization and colon tissue regeneration.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 06/2011; 26(11):1453-62. · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 01/2011; 140(5). · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iron overload syndromes include a wide spectrum of genetic and acquired conditions. Recent studies suggest suppressed hepcidin synthesis in the liver to be the molecular basis of hemochromatosis. However, a liver with acquired iron overload synthesizes an adequate amount of hepcidin. Thus, hepcidin could function as a biochemical marker for differential diagnosis of iron overload syndromes. We measured serum iron parameters and hepcidin-25 levels followed by sequencing HFE, HJV, HAMP, TFR2, and SLC40A1 genes in 13 Japanese patients with iron overload syndromes. In addition, we performed direct measurement of serum hepcidin-25 levels using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in 3 Japanese patients with aceruloplasminemia and 4 Italians with HFE hemochromatosis. One patient with HJV hemochromatosis, 2 with TFR2 hemochromatosis, and 3 with ferroportin disease were found among the 13 Japanese patients. The remaining 7 Japanese patients showed no evidence for genetic basis of iron overload syndrome. As far as the serum hepcidin-25 was concerned, seven patients with hemochromatosis and 3 with aceruloplasminemia showed markedly decreased serum hepcidin-25 levels. In contrast, 3 patients with ferroportin disease and 7 with secondary iron overload syndromes showed serum hepcidin levels parallel to their hyperferritinemia. Patients with iron overload syndromes were divided into 2 phenotypes presenting as low and high hepcidinemia. These were then associated with their genotypes. Determining serum hepcidin-25 levels may aid differential diagnosis of iron overload syndromes prior to genetic analysis.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2010; 45(11):1163-71. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although many mutations of the Wilson's disease (WD) gene (ATP7B) have been reported, few data exist regarding the occurrence of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). We sought to determine if genotypic assignment according to type of protein-product could be related to the prevalence of FHF among patients with WD. We performed gene analysis in Japanese patients with WD as well as genotype-phenotype analysis in 51 patients. We divided genotypes into two groups according to type of ATP7B product: truncated group [T] consisted of two truncated alleles including nonsense, insertion, deletion, or splice site mutation, and missense group [M] consisted of one or two missense alleles. We also divided phenotypes into two groups: [FHF] group and [non-FHF] group. We were able to determine genotype in 42 patients. Genotypically, 11 patients were assigned to [T] group and 31 to [M] group. Phenotypically, 4 patients were [FHF] and 38 were [non-FHF]. All patients in [FHF] group belonged to [T] group. The prevalence of [FHF] in [T] group was 36.4% and was significantly higher than in [M] group (p < 0.003). These results demonstrated that genotypes for truncation of ATP7B are associated with high prevalence of FHF.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2010; 45(10):1232-7. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Type I interferon (IFN) protein is a cytokine with pleiotropic biological functions that include induction of apoptosis, inhibition of angiogenesis, and immunomodulation. We have demonstrated that intratumoral injection of an IFN-alpha-expressing adenovirus effectively induces cell death of cancer cells and elicits a systemic tumor-specific immunity in several animal models. On the other hand, reports demonstrated that an elevation of IFN in the serum following an intramuscular delivery of a vector is able to activate antitumor immunity. In this study, we compared the intratumoral and systemic routes of IFN gene transfer with regard to the effect and safety of the treatment. Intratumoral injection of an IFN-alpha adenovirus effectively activated tumor-responsive lymphocytes and caused tumor suppression not only in the gene-transduced tumors but also in distant tumors, which was more effective than the intravenous administration of the same vector. The expression of co-stimulatory molecules on CD11c(+) cells isolated from regional lymph nodes was enhanced by IFN gene transfer into the tumors. Systemic toxicity such as an elevation of hepatic enzymes was much lower in mice treated by intratumoral gene transfer than in those treated by systemic gene transfer. Our data suggest that the intratumoral route of the IFN vector is superior to intravenous administration, due to the effective induction of antitumor immunity and the lower toxicity.
    Cancer Science 07/2010; 101(7):1686-94. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the current state of patients with Wilson disease in central Japan. Between 1999 and 2007, 30 patients were diagnosed as having Wilson disease with an International Diagnostic Score of 4 or more. The phenotypes, genotypes and post-diagnostic courses of these patients were analyzed. Twenty-six patients had ATP7B mutations responsible for Wilson disease. Four patients had a single mutant chromosome. There were 2 major mutations of 2333 G>T and 2871 delC (40%), and 6 novel mutations (13%) in our patients. The first clinical manifestation was the hepatic form in 22, neurological form in 5, and hemolysis in 3 patients. The hepatic form was diagnosed around the age of 13 years, followed by neurological complication with a time lag of 9 years. Thus, some patients, especially patients with the neurological form, did not undergo early diagnostic tests including ATP7B analysis. During the post-diagnosis period, 3 patients were hospitalized for recurrent liver disease, and 2 patients committed suicide. One female patient died from acute hepatic failure associated with encephalopathy after fertilization therapy, while 2 male patients recovered from encephalopathy-free, prolonged hepatic failure after noncompliance with drug therapy. The King's Scores for liver transplantation were below the cut-off in both cases. To minimize delayed diagnosis, ceruloplasmin determination and ATP7B analysis may be recommended to patients showing hepatic damage of unknown etiology. At gene diagnosis, appropriate management of patients including compliance education and emotional care to prevent suicide might be important.
    Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(9):809-15. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of two pseudolymphomas of the liver in a 63-year-old Japanese woman with primary biliary cirrhosis. One of the lesions was found incidentally during a medical examination, presenting as a 10 mm hypodense nodule that revealed hyperdensity in the early phase and hypodensity in the late phase in computed tomography (CT) after injection of contrast medium. Retrospectively, the 10 mm nodule had first been discovered as a 4 mm nodule during CT 4 years previously. Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI revealed another 4 mm hyperintense nodule in segment 6 in addition to the 10 mm hyperintense nodule in segment 7. CT during arterial portography revealed two hypointense nodules. Findings with other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and hepatic angiography were consistent with hepatocellular carcinoma. A right posterior segmentectomy was performed, and the lesions were microscopically diagnosed as pseudolymphoma. To the best of our knowledge, only 31 other cases of this disease have ever been reported, with a highly asymmetrical male:female ratio of 1:9.7. Although we could find only one case of transformation of hepatic pseudolymphoma into lymphoma in the liver, the exact nature of development from benign pseudolymphoma to malignant lymphoma is still not fully understood and cases of hepatic lymphoma need to be followed carefully.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2009; 15(36):4587-92. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL) is a hereditary disorder characterized by decreased plasma concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The best-characterized causes of FHBL are apolipoprotein B (apoB) gene mutations, which produce truncated apoB proteins. Fatty liver is thought to be frequent in FHBL, owing to impaired secretion of very-low-density lipoprotein from the liver. Homozygotes for FHBL present with extremely low concentrations of plasma lipids, and may suffer from deficiencies of fat-soluble vitamins. The objectives of this study were to identify apoB-defective FHBL subjects and investigate fatty liver in Japanese population. We screened 14 hypocholesterolemic subjects for apoB gene mutations by PCR-SSCP and performed liver ultrasonography in a Japanese population. We identified an apoB-82 homozygote in one subject and an apoB-13.7 heterozygote in another subject. Four of 6 individuals with FHBL presented with fatty liver in those 2 FHBL families. Liver biopsy of the apoB-13.7 heterozygote, which had obesity and insulin resistance, showed severe fatty liver. The apoB-82 homozygote was asymptomatic with fat-soluble vitamin concentrations being normal, possibly due to spared secretion of apoB-48 from the intestine and increased plasma concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. ApoB gene mutations might not be rare and that fatty liver might be frequent in Japanese FHBL.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 10/2008; 399(1-2):64-8. · 2.54 Impact Factor
  • Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 06/2008; 105(6):860-3.
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    ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old man was admitted because of increasing massive ascites. While lymphoma cells (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: DLBCL) were detected in the ascites, pleural effusion, cerebrospinal fluid and bone marrow, no tumor masses other than a submucosal lymphoma lesion in the stomach only 1 cm in diameter were identified. The patient was treated with chemotherapy including rituximab (R-CHOP-ESHAP) and injection of methotrexate and dexamethasone into the medullary cavity as well as radiation to the whole brain, and achieved complete remission 4 months later. The present case suggests that DLBCL can initially manifest as a form of effusion lymphoma with minimum solid tumor component. The distinctive clinical features of Japanese patients with primary effusion lymphoma are also reviewed.
    Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 01/2008; 104(12):1772-80.
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    ABSTRACT: In contrast to primary lysosomal diseases in young subjects, adult-onset liver storage disorders may be explained by non-lysosomal genetic defects. The aim of the present review is to summarize the genetic backgrounds of Japanese patients with hemochromatosis of unknown etiology, Wilson disease of primary copper toxicosis, and the black liver of Dubin-Johnson syndrome. Three patients with middle-age onset hemochromatosis were homozygous for mutations of HJV and two patients were homozygous for mutations of TFR2. Minor genes other than HJV and TFR2 might be involved in Japanese patients. Five of the six patients with Wilson disease were compound heterozygous, while the remaining patient was heterozygous for the mutation in ATP7B responsible for copper toxicosis. Involvement of MURR1 was not proved in the heterozygote of ATP7B. Because of ferroxidase deficiency,most patients had secondary lysosomes shared by cuprothioneins and iron complex. Six patients with Dubin-Johnson syndrome were homozygous or compound heterozygous for mutant MRP2. Despite complex metabolic disorders, the syndrome had a single genetic background. Thus, most patients with adult-onset lysosomal proliferation in the liver had genetic defects in non-lysosomal organelles, named the secondary lysosomal diseases. The proliferating lysosomes in these conditions seemed to be heterogeneous in their matrices.
    Hepatology Research 11/2007; 37(10):777-83. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of light to moderate alcohol consumption on the liver is controversial. To determine the association between light to moderate alcohol consumption and frequency of hypertransaminasemia, a cross-sectional and a subsequent longitudinal cohort study were conducted using annual health checkup data at a Japanese workplace. We analyzed 1,177 male subjects (age 20-59) without HCV or HBV infection or other chronic liver diseases. To determine the association between alcohol consumption (none or minimal <70 g/wk, light > or =70 g and <140 g/wk, moderate > or =140 g and <280 g/wk, excessive > or =280 g/wk) and hypertransaminasemia, we performed multiple logistic regressions. We then followed 326 subjects without a history of fatty liver or hypertransaminasemia up to 5 years for incidental hypertransaminasemia and performed Cox proportional hazard regressions. Excess alcohol consumption was associated with increased odds of hypertransaminasemia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]versus none or minimal consumption 1.4[1.1-1.93], P= 0.023). There was significant interaction between age group and alcohol consumption (P < 0.01). In the younger group, moderate consumption was associated with decreased odds (AOR 0.5 [0.3-0.9], P= 0.032), while in the older group, light consumption was associated with decreased odds (AOR 0.6 [0.4-1.0], P= 0.036) and excess consumption was associated with increased odds (AOR 1.6 [1.1-2.3], P= 0.014) of hypertransaminasemia. During follow-up, moderate consumption was associated with decreased incidence of hypertransaminasemia versus none or minimal consumption (adjusted hazard ratio 0.4 [0.1-0.9], P= 0.02). Light to moderate alcohol consumption may protect against the development of hypertransaminasemia among male subjects without other liver conditions. Further studies are required before recommending light to moderate alcohol consumption.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2007; 102(9):1912-9. · 7.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity and diabetes mellitus are associated with an increased incidence of proximal colon cancer. Colonic adenoma that has been reported to be associated with elevated serum insulin levels and subsets of hyperplastic polyps might serve as a precursor of colon cancer. In this study, we sought to determine segment-specific associations between serum insulin levels and the prevalence of adenoma and hyperplastic polyps in the proximal and distal colon. We studied 343 consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy in our hospital. All medical information, including fasting serum insulin, was obtained at colonoscopy. We performed multinomial logistic regression models by using the outcome categories of none (reference), proximal-only, distal-only, and both-segment lesions for the presence of adenoma/hyperplastic polyp with serum insulin, age, gender, lifestyle characteristics, and the presence of other types of lesions as predictors. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are provided for a 5-muU/mL increase in serum insulin. Overall, serum insulin levels were significantly associated with adenoma (OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0; P = .005) and borderline associated with hyperplastic polyps (OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.0-1.7; P = .075). In multinomial logistic regression models, elevated serum insulin levels were significantly associated with proximal-only adenoma (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.5; P = .002), both-side hyperplastic polyp (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1-2.5; P = .015), and proximal-only hyperplastic polyp (OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0-2.1; P = .048) and borderline associated with distal-only adenoma (OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0-2.1; P =.059) but not with distal-only hyperplastic polyp. Serum insulin levels directly correlate with the presence of adenoma and hyperplastic polyps in the proximal colon and might also less strongly correlate with the presence of distal adenoma.
    Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 11/2006; 4(10):1225-31. · 6.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

459 Citations
197.87 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital
      Ishiza, Okinawa, Japan
  • 2000–2012
    • Kanazawa University
      • • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
  • 2001–2007
    • Kanazawa Medical University
      • School of Medicine
      Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan
  • 2005
    • Hokuriku University
      Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan