Kristie A Blum

The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States

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Publications (86)814.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The two major subtypes of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)-activated B cell-like (ABC) and germinal center B cell-like (GCB)-arise by distinct mechanisms, with ABC selectively acquiring mutations that target the B cell receptor (BCR), fostering chronic active BCR signaling. The ABC subtype has a ∼40% cure rate with currently available therapies, which is worse than the rate for GCB DLBCL, and highlights the need for ABC subtype-specific treatment strategies. We hypothesized that ABC, but not GCB, DLBCL tumors would respond to ibrutinib, an inhibitor of BCR signaling. In a phase 1/2 clinical trial that involved 80 subjects with relapsed or refractory DLBCL, ibrutinib produced complete or partial responses in 37% (14/38) of those with ABC DLBCL, but in only 5% (1/20) of subjects with GCB DLBCL (P = 0.0106). ABC tumors with BCR mutations responded to ibrutinib frequently (5/9; 55.5%), especially those with concomitant myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MYD88) mutations (4/5; 80%), a result that is consistent with in vitro cooperation between the BCR and MYD88 pathways. However, the highest number of responses occurred in ABC tumors that lacked BCR mutations (9/29; 31%), suggesting that oncogenic BCR signaling in ABC does not require BCR mutations and might be initiated by non-genetic mechanisms. These results support the selective development of ibrutinib for the treatment of ABC DLBCL.
    Nature medicine 07/2015; DOI:10.1038/nm.3884 · 28.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ibrutinib represents a therapeutic advance in CLL but as monotherapy produces few complete remissions in previously treated patients. Anti-CD20 antibodies have improved response and progression-free survival when combined with chemotherapy. We evaluated the safety and activity of adding ofatumumab to ibrutinib in 3 different administration sequences. Patients with CLL/SLL, prolymphocytic leukemia or Richter's transformation who failed ≥2 prior therapies were enrolled. Patients received ibrutinib 420 mg daily and 12 doses of ofatumumab 300/2000 mg in 3 schedules: ibrutinib lead-in (group 1; n=27), concurrent start (group 2; n=20), or ofatumumab lead-in (group 3; n=24). Seventy-one patients were treated; most had high-risk disease including del(17)(p13.1) (44%) or del(11)(q22.3) (31%). The most frequent adverse events (any grade) were diarrhea (70%), infusion-related reaction (45%), and peripheral sensory neuropathy (44%). Overall response rates (ORR) in CLL/SLL patients (n=66) were 100%, 79%, and 71% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Estimated 12-month PFS for all patients were 89%, 85%, and 75%, respectively. Four patients in group 3 progressed prior to receiving ibrutinib. This study demonstrates the tolerability and clinical activity of this combination with quicker time to best response than single-agent ibrutinib, and with durable responses. This trial was registered at (NCT01217749). Copyright © 2015 American Society of Hematology.
    Blood 06/2015; DOI:10.1182/blood-2014-12-617522 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ibrutinib, an oral inhibitor of Bruton tyrosine kinase, is approved for patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received one prior therapy. Herein, we report the updated safety and efficacy results from the multicenter, open-label phase 2 registration trial of ibrutinib (median 26.7-month follow-up). Patients (N=111) received oral ibrutinib 560 mg once daily, and those with stable disease or better could enter a long-term extension study. The primary end point was overall response rate (ORR). The median patient age was 68 years (range, 40-84) with a median of 3 prior therapies (range, 1-5). The median treatment duration was 8.3 months; 46% of patients were treated for >12 months, and 22% were treated for ≥2 years. The ORR was 67% (23% complete response) with a median duration of response of 17.5 months. The 24-month PFS and OS rates were 31% (95% CI: 22.3-40.4) and 47% (95% CI: 37.1-56.9), respectively. The most common adverse events (AEs) in >30% of patients included diarrhea (54%), fatigue (50%), nausea (33%), and dyspnea (32%). The most frequent grade ≥3 infections included pneumonia (8%), urinary tract infection (4%), and cellulitis (3%). Grade ≥3 bleeding events in ≥2% of patients were hematuria (2%) and subdural hematoma (2%). Common all-grade hematologic AEs were thrombocytopenia (22%), neutropenia (19%), and anemia (18%). The prevalence of infection, diarrhea, and bleeding was highest for the first 6 months of therapy and less thereafter. With longer follow-up, ibrutinib continues to demonstrate durable responses and favorable safety in relapsed/refractory MCL. The trial is registered to as NCT01236391. Copyright © 2015 American Society of Hematology.
    Blood 06/2015; DOI:10.1182/blood-2015-03-635326 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gray zone lymphoma (GZL) with features between classical Hodgkin lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a recently recognized entity reported to present primarily with mediastinal disease. We examined detailed clinical features, outcomes, and prognostic factors among 112 GZL patients treated across 19 North American centers. Forty-three percent of patients presented with mediastinal disease (MGZL), while 57% did not (NMGZL). NMGZL patients were older ((50 versus 37 years,) (P) (=0.0001); more often had) bone marrow involvement (19% versus 0%, P=0.001); >1 extranodal site (27% versus 8%, P=0.014); and advanced stage disease (81% versus 13%, respectively, P=0.0001); but less bulk (8% versus 44%, respectively, P=0.0001). Common frontline treatments were cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone +/- rituximab (CHOP+/-R) 46%, doxorubicin-bleomycin-vinblastine-dacarbazine +/- rituximab (ABVD+/-R) 30%, and dose-adjusted etoposide-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-prednisone-rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) 10%. Overall and complete response rates for all patients were 71% and 59%, respectively; 33% had primary refractory disease. At 31-month median follow-up, 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival rates were 40% and 88%, respectively. Interestingly, MGZL outcomes appeared similar compared with NMGZL patients. On multivariable analyses, performance status and stage were highly prognostic for survival. Additionally, patients treated with ABVD+/-R had markedly inferior 2-year PFS (22% versus 52%, P=0.03) compared with DLBCL-directed therapy (CHOP+/-R and DA-EPOCH-R), which persisted on Cox regression (HR 1.88, 95%CI 1.03-3.83, P=0.04). Furthermore, rituximab was associated with improved PFS on multivariable analyses (HR 0.35, 95%CI 0.18-0.69, P=0.002). Collectively, GZL is a heterogeneous and likely more common entity that includes non-mediastinal presentation, while outcomes appear superior when treated with a rituximab-based, DLBCL-specific regimen. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Hematology 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/ajh.24082 · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ibrutinib has significantly improved the outcome of patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Recent reports attribute ibrutinib resistance to acquired mutations in Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (BTK), the target of ibrutinib, as well as the immediate downstream effector phospholipase C, gamma 2 (PLCG2). While the C481S mutation found in BTK has been shown to disable ibrutinib's capacity to irreversibly bind this primary target, the detailed mechanisms of mutations in PLCG2 have yet to be established. Herein we characterize the enhanced signaling competence, BTK independence, and surface immunoglobulin dependence of the PLCG2 mutation at R665W which has been documented in ibrutinib-resistant CLL. Our data demonstrate that this missense alteration elicits BTK-independent activation after B-cell receptor engagement, implying the formation of a novel BTK-bypass pathway. Consistent with previous results, PLCG2(R665W) confers hypermorphic induction of downstream signaling events. Our studies reveal that proximal kinases SYK and LYN are critical for the activation of mutant PLCG2 and that therapeutics targeting SYK and LYN can combat molecular resistance in cell line models and primary CLL cells from ibrutinib-resistant patients. Altogether, our results engender a molecular understanding of the identified aberration at PLCG2 and explore its functional dependency on BTK, SYK, and LYN, suggesting alternative strategies to combat acquired ibrutinib resistance. Copyright © 2015 American Society of Hematology.
    Blood 05/2015; DOI:10.1182/blood-2015-02-626846 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is an uncommon malignancy involving lymph nodes and the lymphatic system. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma are the 2 main types of HL. CHL accounts for most HL diagnosed in the Western countries. Chemotherapy or combined modality therapy, followed by restaging with PET/CT to assess treatment response using the Deauville criteria (5-point scale), is the standard initial treatment for patients with newly diagnosed CHL. Brentuximab vedotin, a CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate, has produced encouraging results in the treatment of relapsed or refractory disease. The potential long-term effects of treatment remain an important consideration, and long-term follow-up is essential after completion of treatment. Copyright © 2015 by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 05/2015; 13(5):554-86. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phase III North American Intergroup E2496 Trial (Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Hodgkin's Lymphoma) compared doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) with mechlorethamine, doxorubicin, vincristine, bleomycin, vinblastine, etoposide, and prednisone (Stanford V). We report results of a planned subgroup analysis in patients with stage I or II bulky mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Patients were randomly assigned to six to eight cycles of ABVD every 28 days or Stanford V once per week for 12 weeks. Two to 3 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, all patients received 36 Gy of modified involved field radiotherapy (IFRT) to the mediastinum, hila, and supraclavicular regions. Patients on the Stanford V arm received IFRT to additional sites ≥ 5 cm at diagnosis. Primary end points were failure-free survival (FFS) and overall survival (OS). Of 794 eligible patients, 264 had stage I or II bulky disease, 135 received ABVD, and 129 received Stanford V. Patient characteristics were matched. The overall response rate was 83% with ABVD and 88% with Stanford V. At a median follow-up of 6.5 years, the study excluded a difference of more than 21% in 5-year FFS and more than 16% in 5-year OS between ABVD and Stanford V (5-year FFS: 85% v 79%; HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.37 to 1.25; P = .22; 5-year OS: 96% v 92%; HR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.16 to 1.47; P = .19). In-field relapses occurred in < 10% of the patients in each arm. For patients with stage I or II bulky mediastinal HL, no substantial statistically significant differences were detected between the two regimens, although power was limited. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective trial reporting outcomes specific to this subgroup, and it sets a benchmark for comparison of ongoing and future studies. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2015; 33(17). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.57.8138 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As a result of the anti-tumour activity observed in vitro and in vivo with combined anti-CD20 and anti-CD74 antibodies, we initiated a phase I/II trial of veltuzumab and milatuzumab in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Patients received an induction of veltuzumab 200 mg/m(2) weekly combined with escalating doses of milatuzumab at 8, 16 and 20 mg/kg weekly for 4 weeks. Patients without disease progression could receive an extended induction with treatment on weeks 12, 20, 28 and 36. A total of 35 patients enrolled on the study. Median age was 63 years, median number of prior therapies was 3, and 63% of patients were rituximab refractory. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed in the phase I study. Related grade 3-4 toxicities included lymphopenia, leucopenia, neutropenia, anaemia, infusion reactions, hyperglycaemia, fatigue and atrial tachycardia. Median weeks of therapy was 12 and 29% of patients completed all 36 weeks of therapy. The overall response rate was 24%, median duration of response was 12 months, and responses were observed at all dose levels and in 50% of patients refractory to rituximab. Combination therapy with veltuzumab and milatuzumab demonstrated activity in a population of heavily pre-treated patients with relapsed or refractory indolent NHL. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    British Journal of Haematology 04/2015; 169(5). DOI:10.1111/bjh.13354 · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib is effective in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Reasons for discontinuing therapy with this drug and outcomes following discontinuation have not been evaluated outside of clinical trials with relatively short follow-up. To determine features associated with discontinuation of ibrutinib therapy and outcomes. A total of 308 patients participating in 4 sequential trials of ibrutinib at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center were included. These clinical trials accrued patients included in this analysis from May 2010 until April 2014, and data were locked in June 2014. Patients were evaluated for time to therapy discontinuation, reasons for discontinuation, and survival following discontinuation. For patients who discontinued therapy because of disease progression, targeted deep sequencing was performed in samples at baseline and time of relapse. With a median follow-up of 20 months, 232 patients remained on therapy, 31 had discontinued because of disease progression, and 45 had discontinued for other reasons. Disease progression includes Richter's transformation (RT) or progressive CLL. Richter's transformation appeared to occur early and CLL progressions later (cumulative incidence at 12 months, 4.5% [95% CI, 2.0%-7.0%] and 0.3% [95% CI, 0%-1.0%], respectively). Median survival following RT was 3.5 months (95% CI, 0.3-6.0 months) and 17.6 months (95% CI, 4.7 months-"not reached") following CLL progression. Sequencing on peripheral blood from 8 patients with RT revealed 2 with mutations in BTK, and a lymph node sample showed no mutations in BTK or PLCG2. Deep sequencing on 11 patients with CLL progression revealed BTK or PLCG2 mutations in all. These mutations were not identified before treatment in any patient. This single-institution experience with ibrutinib confirms it to be an effective therapy and identifies, for the first time, baseline factors associated with ibrutinib therapy discontinuation. Outcomes data show poor prognosis after discontinuation, especially for those patients with RT. Finally, sequencing data confirm initial reports associating mutations in BTK and PLCG2 with progression and clearly show that CLL progressions are associated with these mutations, while RT is likely not. Identifiers:NCT01105247, NCT01217749, NCT01589302, and NCT01578707.
    04/2015; 1(1). DOI:10.1001/jamaoncol.2014.218
  • Kristie A Blum
    Blood 02/2015; 125(9):1358-9. DOI:10.1182/blood-2015-01-622480 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ibrutinib is an orally administered inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase that antagonizes B-cell receptor, chemokine, and integrin-mediated signaling. In early-phase studies, ibrutinib demonstrated high response rates and prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) in CLL. The durable responses observed with ibrutinib relate in part to a modest toxicity profile that allows the majority of patients to receive continuous therapy for an extended period. We report on median 3-year follow-up of 132 patients with symptomatic treatment-naïve and relapsed/refractory CLL or SLL. Longer treatment with ibrutinib was associated with improvement in response quality over time and durable remissions. Toxicity with longer follow-up diminished with respect to occurrence of grade 3 or greater cytopenias, fatigue, and infections. Progression remains uncommon, occurring primarily in some patients with relapsed del(17)(p13.1) and/or del(11)(q22.3) disease. Treatment-related lymphocytosis remains largely asymptomatic even when persisting >1 year and does not appear to alter longer-term PFS and overall survival compared to patients with partial response or better. Collectively, these data provide evidence that ibrutinib controls CLL disease manifestations and is well tolerated for an extended period; this information can help direct potential treatment options for different subgroups to diminish the long-term risk of relapse. Copyright © 2015 American Society of Hematology.
    Blood 02/2015; 125(16). DOI:10.1182/blood-2014-10-606038 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Flavopiridol and lenalidomide have activity in refractory CLL without immunosuppression or opportunistic infections seen with other therapies. We hypothesized that flavopiridol treatment could adequately de-bulk disease prior to lenalidomide therapy, decreasing the incidence of tumor flare with higher doses of lenalidomide. In this Phase I study, the maximum tolerated dose was not reached with treatment consisting of flavopiridol 30mg/m2 intravenous bolus (IVB) + 30mg/m2 continuous intravenous infusion (CIVI) cycle (C) 1 day (D) 1 and 30mg/m2 IVB + 50mg/m2 CIVI C1 D8,15 and C2-8 D3,10,17 with lenalidomide 15mg orally daily C2-8 D1-21. There was no unexpected toxicity seen, including no increased tumor lysis, tumor flare (even at higher doses of lenalidomide) or opportunistic infection. Significant clinical activity was demonstrated, with a 51% response rate in this group of heavily pretreated patients. Biomarker testing confirmed association of mitochondrial priming of the BH3 only peptide Puma with response. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    American Journal of Hematology 01/2015; 90(4). DOI:10.1002/ajh.23946 · 3.48 Impact Factor
  • Kami Maddocks, Kristie A Blum
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    ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a distinct B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) defined by the translocation t(11;14). MCL combines characteristics of both indolent and aggressive lymphomas, and it is incurable with conventional chemoimmunotherapy but has a more aggressive disease course. Minimal data exist on treatment of patients diagnosed with early-stage disease (stage I-II non-bulky), as this represents only a small portion of the patients diagnosed with MCL, but therapeutic options evaluated in retrospective studies include radiation or combination radiation and chemotherapy. There is a subset of patients with newly diagnosed MCL that can be observed without treatment, but the majority of patients will require treatment at diagnosis. Treatment is often based on age (≤65-70 years of age), comorbidities, and risk factors for disease. The majority of patients who are younger and without significant comorbidities are treated with intensive induction using combination chemoimmunotherapy regimens, many which include consolidation with autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Several regimens have been studied that show improved median progression-free survival (PFS) to 3-6 years in this population of patients. The majority of older patients (≥65-70 years of age) are treated with combination chemoimmunotherapy regimens with consideration of rituximab maintenance, with enrollment on a clinical trial encouraged. Therapy for relapsed disease is dependent on prior treatment, age, comorbidities, and toxicities but includes targeted therapies such as the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib, the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide, the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, combination chemoimmunotherapy, ASCT, and allogeneic stem cell transplant in selected cases. Several novel agents and targeted therapies alone or in combination are currently being studied and developed in both the upfront and relapsed setting.
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    ABSTRACT: Pretreatment cytogenetics are not routinely used to predict patient outcomes in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Based on the prognostic utility of cytogenetics in other diseases, we reviewed the effect of a complex karyotype (CK) in MCL. We included patients evaluated between November, 2002, and May, 2011. Those with ≥ 3 chromosomal abnormalities on a pre-treatment cytogenetic evaluation were defined as CK. Demographic, clinical, and survival differences between patients with CK and non-CK (NCK) were assessed. Of 80 patients, 32 (40%) had CK, which was associated with high-risk clinical risk factors. Therapy did not differ between the groups, nor did rate of autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). The 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) estimates were 70% and 48% for patients with NCK and CK, respectively (P = .02). Two-year overall survival (OS) estimates were also greater in those with NCK versus CK (85% vs. 58%; P = .02). When controlling for high-risk Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (MIPI) score (P = .006), bulky disease (P = .01), and ASCT in first remission (P = .01), CK was not significantly associated with PFS (P = .18). CK is associated with shortened PFS and OS in MCL but has not been demonstrated to be prognostic independent of other variables in this series. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia 12/2014; 15(5). DOI:10.1016/j.clml.2014.12.012 · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ibrutinib has single agent activity of 22-68% in relapsed B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of ibrutinib combined with rituximab (R) and bendamustine. Patients received R 375 mg/m(2) day 1, bendamustine 90 mg/m(2) days 1 and 2, and ibrutinib (280 or 560 mg) days 1-28 every 28 days for 6 cycles followed by ibrutinib alone until progression. Forty-eight patients enrolled, including 12 patients with follicular lymphoma (FL), 16 with diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL), and 17 with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). No dose limiting toxicities were observed. Patients received a median of 8 cycles, with 26 completing 6 cycles and continuing ibrutinib alone in cycles 7-34. The overall response rate (ORR) was 72%, with 52% complete responses (CR). By histology, the ORR was 94% (76% CR) in MCL, 37% (31% CR) in DLCL, and 90% (50% CR) in FL. Grade 3-4 toxicities included lymphopenia (77%), neutropenia (33%), thrombocytopenia (19%), and rash (25%). Median progression-free survival has not been reached (95% CI, 8.7 months - not reached). The recommended phase 2 dose of ibrutinib in combination with R-bendamustine in patients with NHL is 560 mg. The combination has promising efficacy, particularly in MCL and FL.
    Blood 10/2014; 125(2). DOI:10.1182/blood-2014-08-597914 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Keywords:Hodgkin lymphoma;monoclonal antibodies;clinical trials;therapy;immunotherapy
    British Journal of Haematology 10/2014; 168(6). DOI:10.1111/bjh.13152 · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Only a minority of patients with high risk lymphoma will be cured with autologous transplant, so maintenance with Vorinostat, an oral agent with activity in relapsed lymphoma, was studied starting day +60 for 21 consecutive days followed by a week off for up to 11 cycles. Twenty-three lymphoma patients were treated. Ten patients completed the full 11 cycle treatment plan per protocol, 4 patients were removed due to progressive disease, 7 withdrew or were removed from the study due to toxicities. Despite Prevnar vaccine administration every 2 months for 3 injections, the mean antibody concentration never reached protective levels (>0.35 mcg/mL). Fatigue and functional well-being measured by BFI and FACT-G improved significantly from cycle 1 to cycle 7, but the depression scores from the CES-D did not change. Given the toxicities observed, this broad spectrum deacetylase inhibitor at this schedule is not optimal for prolonged maintenance therapy.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 09/2014; 56(4):1-16. DOI:10.3109/10428194.2014.963073 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with double hit lymphoma (DHL), which is characterized by rearrangements of MYC and either BCL2 or BCL6, face poor prognoses. We conducted a retrospective multicenter study of the impact of baseline clinical factors, induction therapy, and stem cell transplant (SCT), on outcomes of 311 patients with previously-untreated DHL. At median follow-up of 23 months, the median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) among all patients were 10.9 and 21.9 months, respectively. Forty percent of patients remain disease-free and 49% remain alive at two years. Intensive induction was associated with improved PFS, but not OS, and SCT was not associated with improved OS among patients achieving first complete remission (p=0.14). By multivariate analysis, advanced stage, central nervous system involvement, leukocytosis, and LDH> three times upper limit of normal, were associated with higher risk of death. Correcting for these, intensive induction was associated with improved OS. We developed a novel risk score for DHL, which divides patients into high, intermediate, and low risk groups. In conclusion, a subset of DHL patients may be cured, and some patients may benefit from intensive induction. Further investigations into the roles of SCT and novel agents are needed.
    Blood 08/2014; 124(15). DOI:10.1182/blood-2014-05-578963 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT CALGB designed a phase II trial of lenalidomide+bortezomib for relapsed/refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Induction therapy was lenalidomide (days 1-14) plus bortezomib (days 1/4/8/11), every 21 days for eight cycles. Complete and partial responders (CR, PR) received maintenance lenalidomide (days 1-14) and bortezomib (days 1/8), every 21 days. Primary endpoint was overall response rate; secondary endpoints were CR rate, progression-free- (PFS), event-free- (EFS), and overall survival (OS). Fifty-three eligible patients, median age 67 years, were accrued. Median number of cycles received was 4 (range, 1-82). Median follow-up is 46 (range, 12-67) months. Best response was CR (n=8, 15%), PR (n=13, 25%). 5/8 CR and 4/13 PR patients received maintenance therapy. Of responders, 6 CR/1 PR patients remain in remission at a median of 3.2 years. Thirty-three (62%) patients have died. One-year PFS, EFS, OS are 40%, 25%, and 68%, respectively. This combination will not be pursued further at this dose/schedule.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 07/2014; 56(4):1-14. DOI:10.3109/10428194.2014.938333 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myc-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with or without a B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma 2 (BCL2) rearrangement is associated with inferior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In this study, the authors reviewed the outcomes of patients with myc-positive and double-hit NHL at The Ohio State University. All patients who had non-Burkitt, aggressive B-cell NHL from 2008 to 2011 were assessed for the t(14;18) translocation and for v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (CMYC) rearrangements at diagnosis, and all myc-positive patients were included in the current analysis. Associations with clinical characteristics were described, and univariable and multivariable models were used to assess correlations between clinical variables and outcomes. Of 49 myc-positive patients, 29 patients also had BCL2 rearrangements (double-hit NHL). No patients underwent autologous stem cell transplantation in first remission. For all myc-positive patients, the median PFS was 16.6 months, and the median OS was 37.7 months. For patients who had double-hit NHL, the median PFS was 8 months, and the median OS was 12.5 months; whereas the median PFS and OS were not reached for myc-positive patients. A complete response (CR) after front-line therapy, the presence of t(14;18), International Prognostic Index (IPI) group, and age were associated with PFS; whereas only the achievement of a CR and age >60 years were associated with OS in the multivariable setting. The median PFS was 3.3 months, and the median and OS was 7.0 months for patients who did not attain a CR; and the medians were not reached for patients who achieved a CR (P < .00001). The achievement of a CR with front-line therapy is associated with a prolonged PFS and OS in patients with myc-positive NHL, even after adjusting for type of initial therapy, histology, age, IPI, or the presence of a concurrent BCL2 translocation. Cancer 2014. © 2014 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 06/2014; 120(11). DOI:10.1002/cncr.28642 · 4.90 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
814.82 Total Impact Points


  • 2004–2015
    • The Ohio State University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Division of Hematology
      Columbus, Ohio, United States
  • 2003
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center
      San Luis, Missouri, United States