Fanyi Zeng

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (54)237.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although β-thalassemia is one of the most common human genetic diseases, there is still no effective treatment other than bone marrow transplantation. Induced pluripotent stem cells have been considered as good candidates for the future repair or replacement of malfunctioning organs. As a foundation for developing transgenic induced pluripotent stem cells therapies for thalassemia, β654 induced pluripotent stem cells from a β654-thalassemia mouse transduced with the normal human β-globin gene, and the induced pluripotent stem cells with an erythroid-expressing reporter GFP were used to produce chimeric mice. Using these chimera models, we investigated changes in various pathological indices including hematological parameters and tissue pathology. Our data showed that when the chimerism of β654 induced pluripotent stem cells with the normal human β-globin gene in β654 mice is over 30%, the pathology of anemia appeared to be reversed, while chimerism ranging from 8% to 16% provided little improvement in the typical β-thalassemia phenotype. Effective alleviation of thalassemia-related phenotypes was observed when chimerism with the induced pluripotent stem cells owning the erythroid-expressing reporter GFP in β654 mouse was greater than 10%. Thus, 10% or more expression of the exogenous normal β-globin gene reduces the degree of anemia in our β-thalassemia mouse model, whereas treatment with β654 induced pluripotent stem cells which had the normal human β-globin gene had stable therapeutic effects but in a more dose-dependent manner.
    Haematologica 05/2014; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human mitochondrial DNA is a circular DNA molecule that encodes some of the proteins required for oxidative phosphorylation. Different mitochondrial DNA genotypes may coexist within a single cell, a condition known as heteroplasmy. An A-to-G transition at position 3243 of mitochondrial DNA (A3243G) can result in maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (mitochondrial diabetes). However, the commonly used methods of PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism and Sanger sequencing are neither sensitive nor reliable enough to detect this low level of heteroplasmy. Here, we developed a quantitative method based on pyrosequencing to analyze the heteroplasmy of the A3243G mutation in leukocyte DNA obtained from 83 persons of 15 unrelated pedigrees with mitochondrial diabetes. The accuracy and reliability of this method were also measured by comparing the results with those from high-resolution melting analysis, Sanger sequencing, and PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism with artificial heteroplasmy standard samples. The results showed that the accuracy of pyrosequencing was much higher than that of the other methods, and the limitation of heteroplasmy detection with this method reached 2%, based on our artificial control studies. An inverse correlation was found between the level of heteroplasmy and the age of the onset in our patients. This result suggested that the heteroplasmy of the A3243G mutation could become a significant prediction index for the onset of mitochondrial diabetes.
    The Journal of molecular diagnostics: JMD 05/2014; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Streptomyces phage φC31 integrase induces efficient site-specific recombination capable of integrating exogenous genes at pseudo attP sites in human, mouse, rat, rabbit, sheep, Drosophila, and bovine genomes. However, the φC31-mediated recombination between attB and the corresponding pseudo attP sites has not been investigated in Capra hircus. Here, we identified eight pseudo attP sites located in the intron or intergenic regions of the C. hircus genome, and demonstrated different levels of foreign gene expression after φC31 integrase-mediated integration. These pseudo attP sites share similar sequences with each other and with pseudo attP sites in other mammalian genomes, and these are associated with a neighboring consensus motif found in other genomes. The application of the φC31 integrase system in C. hircus provides a new option for genetic engineering of this economically important goat species.
    DNA and cell biology 04/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We established methods to isolate human amniotic fluid-derived progenitor cells (hAFPCs), and analyze the ability of hAFPCs to secrete human coagulation factor IX (hFIX) after gene modification. The hAFPCs were manually isolated by selection for attachment to gelatin coated culture dish. hFIX cDNA was transfected into hAPFCs by using a lentiviral vector. The hFIX protein concentration and activity produced from hAFPCs were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and clotting assay. The isolated spindle-shaped cells showed fibroblastoid morphology after three culture passages. The doubling time in culture was 39.05 hours. Immunocytochemistry staining of the fibroblast-like cells from amniotic fluid detected expression of stem cell markers such as SSEA4 and TRA1-60. Quantitative PCR analysis demonstrated the expression of NANOG, OCT4 and SOX2 mRNAs. Transfected hAFPCs could produce and secrete hFIX into the culture medium. The observed concentration of secreted hFIX was 20.37% +/- 2.77% two days after passage, with clotting activity of 16.42% +/- 1.78%. The amount of hFIX:Ag reached a plateau of 50.35% +/- 5.42%, with clotting activity 45.34% +/- 4.67%. In conclusion, this study established method to isolate and culture amniotic fluid progenitor cells. Transfected hAFPCs can produce hFIX at stable levels in vitro, and clotting activity increases with higher hFIX concentration. Genetically engineered hAFPC are a potential method for prenatal treatment of hemophilia B.
    03/2014; 30(3):492-503.
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    ABSTRACT: Human mitochondrial DNA is a circular DNA molecule that encodes some of the proteins required for oxidative phosphorylation. Different mitochondrial DNA genotypes may coexist within a single cell, a condition known as heteroplasmy. An A-to-G transition at position 3243 of mitochondrial DNA (A3243G) can result in maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (mitochondrial diabetes). However, the commonly used methods of PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism and Sanger sequencing are neither sensitive nor reliable enough to detect this low level of heteroplasmy. Here, we developed a quantitative method based on pyrosequencing to analyze the heteroplasmy of the A3243G mutation in leukocyte DNA obtained from 83 persons of 15 unrelated pedigrees with mitochondrial diabetes. The accuracy and reliability of this method were also measured by comparing the results with those from high-resolution melting analysis, Sanger sequencing, and PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism with artificial heteroplasmy standard samples. The results showed that the accuracy of pyrosequencing was much higher than that of the other methods, and the limitation of heteroplasmy detection with this method reached 2%, based on our artificial control studies. An inverse correlation was found between the level of heteroplasmy and the age of the onset in our patients. This result suggested that the heteroplasmy of the A3243G mutation could become a significant prediction index for the onset of mitochondrial diabetes.
    The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics. 01/2014;
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    Yi-Ye Zhou, Fanyi Zeng
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    ABSTRACT: Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be generated from mouse or human fibroblasts by exogenous expression of four factors, Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc, and hold great potential for transplantation therapies and regenerative medicine. However, use of retroviral vectors during iPS cell generation has limited the technique's clinical application due to the potential risks resulting from genome integration of transgenes, including insertional mutations and altered differentiation potentials of the target cells, which may lead to pathologies such as tumorigenesis. Here we review recent progressin generating safer transgene-free or integration-free iPS cells, including the use of non-integrating vectors, excision of vectors after integration, DNA-free delivery of factors and chemical induction of pluripotency.
    Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics. 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The introduction of double-strand breaks (DSBs) at target sites could greatly enhance homologous recombination, and engineered nucleases, such as zinc finger and transcription activator-like effector nucleases, have been successfully developed for making such breaks. In this study, we present a highly efficient site-specific integration strategy based on homologous recombination and ΦC31 integrase. An attB sequence was introduced at the homologous arm of an insertion targeting vector. DSBs at the target locus and donor were then simultaneously generated by the ΦC31 integrase when co-transfected with the donor vector, consequently stimulating homologous recombination. The results demonstrated that our strategy is feasible and the efficiency at the BF4 target site, which we previously identified in the bovine genome, was as high as 93%. The frequency at another site (BF10) was almost two-fold greater in comparison to the vector without homologous arms. This technology requires no sophisticated nuclease design efforts, and the off-target effect is reduced by ΦC31 integrase compared to the use of engineered nucleases, thereby offering a simple and safe way to effectively express a donor gene at a desired locus. This development has great potential value, especially in transgenesis or gene therapy applications.
    Journal of Biotechnology 08/2013; · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) may be useful as a therapeutic source of cells for the production of healthy tissue; however, they are associated with certain challenges including immunorejection as well as ethical issues. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a promising substitute since a patient's own adult cells would serve as tissue precursors. Ethical concerns prevent a full evaluation of the developmental potency of human ESCs and iPSCs, therefore, mouse iPSC models are required for protocol development and safety assessments. We used a modified culturing protocol to differentiate pluripotent cells from a mouse iPS cell line and two mouse ES cell lines into neurons. Our results indicated that all three pluripotent stem cell lines underwent nearly the same differentiation process when induced to form neurons in vitro. Genomic expression microarray profiling and single-cell RT-qPCR were used to analyze the neural lineage differentiation process, and more than one thousand differentially expressed genes involved in multiple molecular processes relevant to neural development were identified.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 05/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    Cell Research 04/2013; · 10.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Major improvements have been made progressively on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 based lentiviral vectors to minimize the probability of replication-competent lentivirus formation. This includes the deletion of U3 promoter and the use of packaging cells, which has increased their potential for use in gene therapy and other in vivo applications. However, the risk of forming replication-competent lentiviruses remains. We investigated the use of Cre-loxP mediation with the insertion of the transgene-expressing cassette in ΔU3 to remove additional parts of the HIV-1 backbone upon cre expression, after integration. This, leads to deletion of the packaging signal, primer binding site and Rev response element, including cre itself. This approach left a split truncated form of long terminal repeat flanked by a loxP and a transgene-expressing cassette in the genome, which made replication-competent lentivirus formation almost impossible. This self-deletion vector could stably express transgenes both in cell lines and transgenic mice with only modest losses of viral titer. The maximum size of the inserts was approximately 3 kb, which was sufficient for most transgenic applications. Moreover, the addition of some enhancer blocking agents downstream of the transgene could reduce the probability of transcriptional read-through in transfected 293T cells. Our approach could improve the biosafety of lentiviral vectors, thus improving their potential application for use in clinical trials and other in vivo applications. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    The Journal of Gene Medicine 02/2013; 15(2):102-12. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human amniotic fluid derived progenitor cells (hAFPCs) may be multipotent and can be considered a potential tool in the field of cell therapy for haemophilia B. Their capacity to express human coagulation factor IX (hFIX) after transduction and their fate after in utero transplantation is unknown. hAFPCs isolated from second trimester pregnancies were assessed for their phenotypic markers, multilineage capacity, and expression of hFIX after transduction. Their engraftment potential was analysed in a mouse model after in utero transplantation at embryonic day 12.5. Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ, ELISA and PCR were used to assess post-transplant chimeras. hAFPCs expressed several pluripotent markers, including NANOG, SOX2, SSEA4 and TRA-1-60, and could differentiate into adipocytes and osteocytes. In vitro, after transduction with hFIX and EGFP cDNAs, constitutive hFIX protein expression and clotting activity were found. Engraftment was achieved in various foetal tissues after in utero transplantation. Safe engraftment without oncogenesis was confirmed, with low donor cell levels, but persistent engraftment, into different organs (liver, heart and lung) through to 12 weeks of age. Transgenic expression of circulating hFIX was detected in recipient mice for up to 12 weeks. hAFPCs can be engrafted long-term in immunocompetent mice after in utero transplantation. Thus, cell transplantation approaches using genetically engineered hAFPCs may prove valuable for the prenatal treatment for haemophilia B.
    Cell Biology International 01/2013; · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have the ability to differentiate into all somatic cells and to maintain unlimited self-renewal. Therefore, they have great potential in both basic research and clinical therapy for many diseases. To identify potentially universal mechanisms of human somatic cell reprogramming, we studied gene expression changes in three types of cells undergoing reprogramming. The set of 570 genes commonly regulated during induction of iPS cells includes known embryonic stem (ES) cell markers and pluripotency related genes. We also identified novel genes and biological categories which may be related to somatic cell reprogramming. For example, some of the down-regulated genes are predicted targets of the pluripotency microRNA cluster miR302/367, and the proteins from these putative target genes interact with the stem cell pluripotency factor POU5F1 according to our network analysis. Our results identified candidate gene sets to guide research on the mechanisms operating during somatic cell reprogramming.
    Journal of Genetics and Genomics 12/2012; 39(12):613-23. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Domesticated animals cloned by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) generally have poor developmental competency, with many developmental abnormalities attributed to incomplete reprogramming of the nuclear genome and abnormal expression of genes important for regulation of growth and development. To investigate the molecular mechanism leading to the abnormalities of cloned animals, pathologic and histologic analyses were conducted on seven cloned cattle that were oversized at birth and had cardiac and pulmonary abnormalities. Quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of four imprinted genes IGF2, IGF2R, H19, and GRB10, as well as genes from related regulatory networks, were performed in liver, lung, kidney, and muscle to investigate disruption of expression. Expression of IGFBP2 was not detected in morphologically normal cloned cattle, but was detected in the liver, lung, kidney, and thymus of abnormal calves. Expression levels of IGF1 and imprinted genes IGF2 and H19 were substantially higher in these organs of abnormal cattle. In contrast, expression levels of GRB10, CTSD, and TRPV2 were substantially lower in abnormal cattle. Transcript abundance of IGFBP6 was higher in kidney, but lower in liver and lung. In conclusion, we inferred that altered expression of imprinted and related genes may be closely related to increased birth weight and pathologic changes in abnormal cloned cattle.
    Theriogenology 06/2012; 78(4):858-66. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dispersion of small weight fraction of carbon nanotube (CNT) in Nylon 6,6 introduces a significant difference in the structure and phase evolution during crystallization at ambient and elevated pressures. In the nanocomposite, the γ-phase is promoted at low crystallization pressure of ∼0.1–25 MPa and is in striking contrast to pure Nylon 6,6, where γ-phase is nucleated only at crystallization pressures exceeding ∼50 MPa. The differences in the behavior of Nylon 6,6 and its nanocomposites is attributed to CNT–polymer interface driven nucleation, which is also responsible for significant reduction in spherulite size and increase in crystallinity. The nanoindentation behavior of the nanocomposite is assessed via nanoscale deformation experiments, which indicated that a significantly higher indentation-force is required for the Nylon 6,6–CNT nanocomposite as compared to Nylon 6,6 to produce a constant displacement. The observed significantly higher modulus and hardness is primarily CNT-induced effect. This observation is of particular relevance to functional devices because they are most likely to experience force in the nanonewton range, which can induce deformation at the micro- and/or nanometer scale.
    Materials Science and Engineering B 05/2012; 177(9):666–672. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Streptomyces phage φC31 integrase can efficiently target attB-bearing transgenes to endogenous pseudo attP sites within mammalian genomes. To better understand the activity of φC31 integrase in the bovine genome, DNA sequences of 44 integration events were analyzed, and 32 pseudo attP sites were identified. The majority of these sites share a sequence motif that contains inverted repeats and has similarities to wild-type attP site. Genomic DNA flanking these sites typically contained repetitive sequence elements, such as short and long interspersed repetitive elements. These sequence features indicate that DNA sequence recognition plays an important role in guiding φC31-mediated site-specific integration. In addition, BF27 integration hotspot sites were identified in the bovine genome, which accounted for 13.6% of all isolated integration events and mapped to an intron of the deleted in liver cancer 1 (DLC1) gene. Also we found that the pseudo attP sites in the bovine genome had other features in common with those in the human genome. This study represents the first time that the sequence features of pseudo attP sites in the bovine genome were analyzed. We conclude that this site-specific integrase system has great potential for applied modifications of the bovine genome.
    Journal of Genetics and Genomics 05/2012; 39(5):217-24. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    Cell Research 05/2012; 22(6):1082-5. · 10.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ΦC31 integrase, a site-specific recombinase, can catalyze integration of circular DNA bearing attB site into pseudo attP sites in mammalian genomes. However, the integration efficiency mediated by integrase is relatively low. Our study centered on the investigation of the impact of the position, orientation, and number of attBs in the donor plasmid on the efficiency of ΦC31 integrase system. Donor plasmids bearing various types of attBs (including forward and reverse directions, tandem, and intersperse) and reporter enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were constructed. The plasmids plus helper plasmid encoding integrase were co-transfected into HeLa cells. After G418 selection, the resistant cell colonies were counted for calculating chromosomal integration frequency. EGFP expression was detected by fluorescence-activated cell sorter and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis. The results showed that efficiency of integration mediated by integrase accounted for 70% ± 7.1% of total integration events in the transfected HeLa cells. Compared with a forward orientation of attB in donor plasmid, a reverse direction of attB or interspersed attBs showed 1.5- or 2.8-fold increase in integration efficiency, respectively, while tandem attBs in donor plasmids caused a decreased efficiency of integration. We conclude that the adjustment of attB sites in donor plasmids may be of value for gene therapy and routine genetic engineering by using ΦC31 integrase system.
    DNA and cell biology 04/2012; 31(7):1335-40. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    Cell Research 08/2011; 21(11):1634-7. · 10.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the therapeutic efficacy of β(654)-thalassaemia treatment using a combination of RNAi and antisense RNA to balance the synthesis of α- and β-globin chains has been demonstrated previously, and the safety of lentiviral delivery remains unclear. Herein, we used the same β(654)-thalassaemia mouse model to develop a therapy involving direct delivery of siRNA and antisense RNA plasmids via intravenous injection to simultaneously knock down α-globin transcript levels and restore correct β-globin splicing. The amount of α-globin mRNAs in siRNA-treated MEL cells decreased significantly, and the properly spliced β-globin mRNA was restored in HeLaβ(654) cells transfected with pcDNA-antisense plasmid. Furthermore, treatment of β(654)-thalassaemic mice with siRNA and antisense RNA plasmids resulted in significant reduction of poikilocytosis and reticulocyte counts in blood samples, decreased nucleated cell populations in bone marrow, and reduced intrasinusoidal extramedullary haematopoiesis loci and iron accumulation in liver. RT-PCR analysis revealed that treatment resulted in down-regulation of α-globin mRNA synthesis by ~50% along with an increase in the presence of normally spliced β-globin transcripts, indicating that the phenotypic changes observed in β(654)-thalassaemic mice following treatment resulted from restoration of the balance of α/β-globin biosynthesis.
    International journal of hematology 03/2011; 93(3):301-10. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    Xuesong Chen, Fanyi Zeng
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    ABSTRACT: The liver is the largest internal organ in mammals, and is important for the maintenance of normal physiological functions of other tissues and organs. Hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver cancer and other chronic liver diseases are serious threats to human health, and these problems are compounded by a scarcity of liver donors for transplantation therapies. Directed differentiation of embryonic stem cells to liver cells is a promising strategy for obtaining hepatocytes that can be used for cell transplantation. In vitro hepatocyte differentiation of embryonic stem cells requires a profound understanding of normal development during embryonic hepatogenesis. Here we provide a simple description of hepatogenesis in vivo and discuss directed differentiation of embryonic stem cells into hepatocytes in vitro.
    Protein & Cell 03/2011; 2(3):180-8. · 3.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
237.37 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2012
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • Institute of Medical Genetics
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2009–2011
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Biology
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2010
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2007
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • Institute of Zoology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2005
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • Department of Biology
      Philadelphia, PA, United States