[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare hospital mortality and postoperative complications in patients with severe coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with or without coronary endarterectomy, 100 consecutive patients were divided into 2 groups of 50 patients each. Group 1 had coronary endarterectomy, and group 2 had no coronary endarterectomy. There were 87 men and 13 women, with a mean age of 54.79 +/-7.8 years; 48% had stable angina. The right coronary artery was endarterectomized in 22 patients, the left anterior descending artery in 21, and the left circumflex in 7. There were no significant differences in outcomes. There was 1 hospital death in each group. Perioperative myocardial infarction occurred in 2 patients in group 1 and 1 in group 2. Endarterectomy is a suitable option to achieve complete revascularization in patients with refractory angina and severe diffuse disease.
Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 02/2009; 17(1):59-63.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess long-term survival and anticoagulant-related complications after mechanical valve replacement in adolescents with rheumatic heart disease, 88 patients aged <or= 18 years were prospectively followed up for 10 years (404.2 patient-years). There were 58 (65.9%) boys and 30 (34.1%) girls, with a mean age of 15.4 +/- 2.1 years. Mitral regurgitation was detected in 39 (44.3%) patients, and both mitral and aortic regurgitation in 15 (17%). Ball valves were inserted in 52 (59.1%) patients, bileaflet valves in 31 (35.2%), and single-disc valves in 5 (5.7%). There were 4 (4.5%) hospital deaths and 11 late deaths. Patient survival at 30 days, 3 months, 1, 5, and 10 years was 95.5%, 93.2%, 87.5%, 82.9%, and 82.9%, respectively. Mechanical valve thrombosis occurred in 4 patients; it was fatal in 3 of them. Three patients died from stroke. Severe hemorrhage required hospital admission in 4 (4.5%) patients. Mechanical valve replacement in adolescents, with careful follow-up and anticoagulation, has acceptable long-term results.
Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 01/2008; 15(6):476-81.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anticoagulation in pregnancy was evaluated in 33 women with a mechanical heart valve prosthesis who had 53 pregnancies between 1994 and 2006. Their mean age at valve operation was 24.4 +/- 5.4 years, and 22 (67%) had isolated mitral valve disease. Of these patients, 22 had a single pregnancy, 5 had 2 pregnancies, 3 had 3, and 3 had 4. In 43 pregnancies, the patients took warfarin throughout; in the other 10, heparin was used in the first trimester followed by warfarin until the last 15 days. Mean international normalized ratio and warfarin levels before, during, and after pregnancy were similar. Complications occurred in 3 (6%) women who had thrombosed valves: 2 (20%) in the heparin group and 1 (2%) who had warfarin only. Live births resulted from 37 (70%) pregnancies. There were significantly more abortions in the heparin group (6; 60%) than the warfarin group (8; 19%). Hemorrhage requiring transfusion occurred in 2 (5%) patients in the warfarin group. All live births resulted in healthy babies. It was concluded that anticoagulation with warfarin is safe during pregnancy in women with mechanical heart valves.
Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 01/2008; 15(6):497-501.