Diabetic Medicine 04/2009; 26(3):313-4. · 2.90 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and safety of bemiparin in the treatment of chronic diabetic foot ulcers.
A triple-blind, parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Patients aged > 18 years, [corrected] with diabetes for at least 3 years, and with a foot ulcer persisting for > 3 months were selected from 39 Spanish centres. Bemiparin 3500 IU/day for 10 days, followed by 2500 IU/day for up to 3 months plus standard care for ulcers, was compared with placebo plus standard care for ulcers for 3 months. The primary efficacy end-point was ulcer improvement, defined as an objective decrease in ulcer area of >or= 50%, measured by digital photography and ImageJ software, and/or any decrease in Wagner's ulcer grade at 3 months.
Ulcer improvement rates were 70.3% (26 of 37 patients) in the bemiparin group and 45.5% (15 of 33 patients) in the placebo group [absolute difference 24.8; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.3, 47.3; P = 0.035] (number needed to treat 4; 95% CI 2, 43). Complete healing rates at 3 months were similar in both groups (35.1% vs. 33.3%; P = 0.874), as were the number of adverse events.
Bemiparin is more effective than placebo in the management of diabetic foot ulcers and has few side-effects.
Diabetic Medicine 09/2008; 25(9):1090-5. · 2.90 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To establish the degree of efficacy of bemiparin treatment over 3 months in the improvement of slow-responding ulcers in diabetic foot. Also, to evaluate the safety of bemiparin and quality of life and to compare the evolution of retinopathy and nephropathy against placebo. DESIGN: Stage III clinical trial to evaluate efficacy and safety in a new indication of a medicine already on the market, parallel in two branches, randomised, triple-blind, and controlled with placebo. SETTING: Health care centres in Mallorca, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 42 patients per branch, over 18, with type-1 or 2 DM of over 3 years evolution, and one or more first or second-degree ulcers on the Wagner scale, distal to the knee, that did not heal in three months of health care. Randomised allocation in blocks of four.Interventions. The experimental drug was bemiparin (heparin of low molecular weight), injected subcutaneously at 3500 IU/day for the first 10 days and 2500 IU/day up to 90 days. As control, physiological serum was injected sub-cutaneously in a similar volume for masking. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: An "effect"was defined as a reduction of at least 50% in its surface area and/or a favourable evolution in status to a degree between the control at the start of treatment and at three months. Other measurements included proteinuria, retinography and quality of life (SF-36). Analysis of efficacy through principle of intention to treat.
Atención Primaria 06/2003; 31(8):539-44. · 0.63 Impact Factor