Qi-Ya Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (63)157.06 Total impact

  • Tong Ou · Xiao-Chan Gao · San-Hua Li · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Genome sequence, genetic characterization and gene nblA function of Microcystis aeruginosa myovirus isolated from Lake Dianchi in China (MaMV-DC) have been analyzed. The genomic DNA is 169,223 bp long, with 170 predicted protein-coding genes (001L ~ 170L) and a tRNA gene. About one-sixth of these genes have homologs in the host cyanobacteria M. aeruginosa. The genome carries a gene homologous to host nblA, which encodes a protein involved in the degradation of cyanobacterial phycobilisome. Its expression during MaMV-DC infection was confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot detection, and abundant expression was companied by the significant decline of phycocyanin content and massive release of progeny MaMV-DC. In addition, expressing MaMV-DC nblA in model cyanobacteria could reduce the phycocyanin peak and the phycocyanin to chlorophyll ratio. The results are confirmed that the horizontal gene transfer events have occurred between cyanobacterial host and cyanomyovirus, and suggested that MaMV-DC carrying host-derived genes (such as 005L, that codes for NblA) is responsible for better expression of cyanophage gene and efficient release of progeny cyanophage. This study provides novel insight into the horizontal gene transfer in cyanophage and the interactions between cyanophage and their host.
    Journal of General Virology 09/2015; DOI:10.1099/jgv.0.000290 · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    Zhong-Yuan Chen · Xiao-Chan Gao · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Aquareoviruses are serious pathogens of aquatic animals. Here, genome characterization and functional gene analysis of a novel aquareovirus, largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides reovirus (MsReV), was described. It comprises 11 dsRNA segments (S1-S11) covering 24,024 bp, and encodes 12 putative proteins including the inclusion forming-related protein NS87 and the fusion-associated small transmembrane (FAST) protein NS22. The function of NS22 was confirmed by expression in fish cells. Subsequently, MsReV was compared with two representative aquareoviruses, saltwater fish turbot Scophthalmus maximus reovirus (SMReV) and freshwater fish grass carp reovirus strain 109 (GCReV-109). MsReV NS87 and NS22 genes have the same structure and function with those of SMReV, whereas GCReV-109 is either missing the coiled-coil region in NS79 or the gene-encoding NS22. Significant similarities are also revealed among equivalent genome segments between MsReV and SMReV, but a difference is found between MsReV and GCReV-109. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis showed that 13 aquareoviruses could be divided into freshwater and saline environments subgroups, and MsReV was closely related to SMReV in saline environments. Consequently, these viruses from hosts in saline environments have more genomic structural similarities than the viruses from hosts in freshwater. This is the first study of the relationships between aquareovirus genomic structure and their host environments.
    Viruses 08/2015; 7(8):4282-302. DOI:10.3390/v7082820 · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Known as lethal pathogens, Ranaviruses have been identified in diseased fish, amphibians (including Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus, the world’s largest amphibian) and reptiles, causing organ necrosis and systemic hemorrhage. Here, three Chinese giant salamander cell lines, thymus cell line (GSTC), spleen cell line (GSSC) and kidney cell line (GSKC) were initially established. Their sensitivities to ranaviruses, wild-type Andrias davidianus ranavirus (ADRV) and recombinant Rana grylio virus carrying EGFP gene (rRGV-EGFP) were tested. Temporal transcription pattern of ranavirus major capsid protein (MCP), fluorescence and electron microscopy observations showed that both the wild-type and recombinant ranavirus could replicate in the cell lines.
    Veterinary Research 06/2015; 46(1). DOI:10.1186/s13567-015-0197-9 · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • Tong Ou · Xiang-Yong Liao · Xiao-Chan Gao · Xu-Dong Xu · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: The freshwater cyanobacterial virus (cyanophage) A-4L, a podovirus, can infect the model cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 resulting in a high burst size and forming concentric plaques on its lawns. The complete genome sequence of A-4L was determined by the combination of high-throughput sequencing, terminal transferase-mediated polymerase chain reaction and restriction mapping. It contains 41750 bp with 810 bp direct terminal repeats and 38 potential open reading frames. As compared with other cyanobacterial podoviruses in diverse ecosystems, the A-4L has the longest terminal repeat and shares similar genome organizations with freshwater members. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated sequences of 8 core proteins indicated that freshwater cyanobacterial podoviruses were clustered together and distinct from marine counterparts, suggesting a clear divergence in the cyanobacterial podovirus lineage between freshwater and marine ecosystems. Our findings uncover the unique genome structure of A-4L which contains long direct terminal repeats, and create the first model system to address knowledge gaps in understanding canobacterial virus-host interactions at the molecular level. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Virus Research 03/2015; 203. DOI:10.1016/j.virusres.2015.03.012 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    Hui Feng · Yi-Bing Zhang · Qi-Min Zhang · Zhi Li · Qi-Ya Zhang · Jian-Fang Gui ·
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    ABSTRACT: In mammals, type I IFNs (mainly IFN-α/β) are primarily regulated by transcription factors of the IFN regulatory factor (IRF) family. Fish IFNs do not show a one-to-one orthologous relationship with mammalian type I IFN homologues. Using a bacterial one-hybrid reporter screening system and an overexpression approach to explore the molecular mechanism underlying fish IFN induction, we identified zebrafish Danio rerio IRF (DrIRF)1 as a positive regulator of the fish IFN antiviral response. Among 12 zebrafish IRF family genes, DrIRF1 is most abundant in zebrafish immune tissues, including head kidney and spleen; upon virus infection, it is one of most significantly induced genes. Overexpression of DrIRF1 induces the expression of IFN and IFN-stimulated genes, hence protecting epithelioma papulosum cyprini cells against spring viremia of carp virus infection. As a transcription factor with constitutively nuclear retention, DrIRF1 directly binds to the IFN-stimulated regulatory element/IRF-binding element sites of zebrafish IFN promoters, which are dependent on four conserved amino acids of the N-terminal DNA-binding domain helix α3 motif. Mutation of either residue reveals a differential requirement for DrIRF1-mediated activation of zebrafish IFNϕ1 and IFNϕ3 promoters. Notably, C-terminal phosphorylation of DrIRF1 is observed and is not required for in vitro binding of DrIRF1 to fish IFN promoters. Unlike DrIRF3 and DrIRF7, which are responsible for differential expression of zebrafish IFNϕ1 and IFNϕ3 through the retinoic acid-inducible gene I-like receptor pathway, DrIRF1 works in concert with MyD88 to activate zebrafish IFNϕ3 but not IFNϕ1. These results provide insights into the evolving function of IRF1 as a positive IFN regulator. Copyright © 2014 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
    The Journal of Immunology 02/2015; 194(3):1225-38. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1402415 · 4.92 Impact Factor
  • Xing Huang · Chao Pei · Li-Bo He · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: The Rana grylio virus (RGV) is a member of the genus Ranavirus. It belongs to the family Iridoviridae, and contains the gene 67R encoding dUTPase. In order to investigate the function of 67R in the replication and infection of RGV, we constructed Δ67R-RGV, a recombinant virus with deletion of 67R. First, we constructed the plasmid pGL3-67RL-p50-EGFP-67RR which carried an enhanced green fluorescence gene (EGFP) as a selectable marker. After homologous recombination between pGL3-67RL-p50-EG- FP-67RR and the RGV genome, Epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC) cells were infected with the resulting mixture. Through ten successive rounds of plaque isolation via EGFP selection, all plaques emitted green fluorescence, and finally Δ67R-RGV was generated. Total DNA of Δ67R-RGV infected cells was extracted for PCR analyses. Simulateously, mock infected and wild-type RGV (wt-RGV) infected cells were used as a comparison. Results showed that 67R could be detected in wt-RGV infected cells, but that only the EGFP gene was detected in Δ67R-RGV infected cells. Furthermore, one-step growth curves of wt-RGV and Δ67R-RGV were similar. Therefore, 67R and its encoding product dUTPase might not be essential for the growth of RGV. These results suggest that, homologous recombination and recombinant rana- virus could be used to study the gene function of viruses in aquatic animals.
    Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 09/2014; 30(5):495-501.
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    ABSTRACT: A ranavirus-induced thymus cDNA library was constructed from Chinese giant salamander, the largest extant amphibian species. Among the 137 putative immune-related genes derived from this library, these molecules received particular focus: immunoglobulin heavy chains (IgM, IgD, and IgY), IFN-inducible protein 6 (IFI6), and T cell receptor beta chain (TCRβ). Several unusual features were uncovered: IgD displays a structure pattern distinct from those described for other amphibians by having only four constant domains plus a hinge region. A unique IgY form (IgY(ΔFc)), previously undescribed in amphibians, is present in serum. Alternative splicing is observed to generate IgH diversification. IFI6 is newly-identified in amphibians, which occurs in two forms divergent in subcelluar distribution and antiviral activity. TCRβ immunoscope profile follows the typical vertebrate pattern, implying a polyclonal T cell repertoire. Collectively, the pioneering survey of ranavirus-induced thymus cDNA library from Chinese giant salamander reveals immune components and characteristics in this primitive amphibian.
    Developmental & Comparative Immunology 06/2014; 46(2). DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2014.05.019 · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • Tong Ou · Xiao-Ying Lei · Li-Bo He · Feng-Jian Zhou · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: An Ussuri catfish Pseudobagrus ussuriensis skin (UCS) cell line was developed and subcultured for more than 60 passages. UCS cells consisted of mostly epithelial-like cells and multiplied well in TC199 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum at 25°C. Chromosome analysis revealed that most UCS cells had a normal diploid karyotype with 2n=52. UCS cells showed differential cytopathic effects (CPEs) after inoculation of spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV, a negative-strand RNA virus), grass carp reovirus (GCRV, a multi-segmented double-stranded RNA virus) and Rana grylio virus (RGV, a large double-stranded DNA virus), and were indicative of high sensitivities to these three aquatic animal viruses by a virus titration study. The CPE caused by SVCV appeared as rounded and granular cells, grape-like clusters and small lytic plaques. Characteristic CPE containing plaque-like syncytia was induced by GCRV. RGV-infected cells produced typical CPE characterized by cells shrinkage and aggregation, formation of clear plaques and cell sheet detachment. Furthermore, significant fluorescent signals were observed after UCS cells were transfected with green fluorescent protein reporter plasmids, and the development of CPE induced by a recombinant RGV, ΔTK-RGV, in UCS cells was illustrated using a combination of light and fluorescence microscopy. The data from this study suggested that UCS cell line can potentially serve as a useful tool for the comparison study of different aquatic animal viruses and the isolation of some newly emerging viruses in Ussuri catfish farming.
    Virus Research 04/2014; 189. DOI:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.04.013 · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • Chao Pei · Fei Ke · Zhong-Yuan Chen · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: A new grass carp reovirus strain, tentatively named GCReV-109, was isolated in Hubei, China, and its complete genome sequence was determined. The genome contained 11 double-stranded RNA segments (S1-S11) covering 24,620 base pairs. All of the segments had conserved terminal nucleotides, with GUAA(U)/CU at the 5' end and UCAUC at the 3' end. Protein sequence comparison showed that GCReV-109 was most closely related to GCRV-GD108 and shared 96.6-99.5 % protein sequence identity but only shared 16.7-46.1 and 15.1-45.4 % identity with GCRV-873 and HGDRV, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that grass carp reovirus strains in China can be divided into three genotypes. Further analysis revealed homology between the GCRV-109 VP56 and HGDRV VP55 proteins, as well as GCReV-109 NS38, GCRV-873 NS38, and HGDRV VP39. The results of these comparisons also indicated that the homology between viruses was not necessarily linked to their geographical distribution. Our study will help in recognizing and understanding the genome structure and genetic diversity of grass carp reovirus.
    Archives of Virology 04/2014; 159(9). DOI:10.1007/s00705-014-2007-5 · 2.39 Impact Factor
  • Li-Bo He · Fei Ke · Jun Wang · Xiao-Chan Gao · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Rana grylio virus (RGV) is a pathogenic iridovirus that has resulted in high mortality in cultured frog. Here, an envelope protein gene, 2L, was identified from Rana grylio virus (RGV). Its possible role in virus infection was investigated. Database searches found that RGV 2L had homologues in all sequenced iridoviruses and is a core gene of iridoviruses. Western blotting detection of purified RGV virions confirmed that 2L protein was associated with virion membrane. Fluorescence localization found that 2L protein co-localized with viral factories in RGV infected cells and presented as globular inclusions in transfected cells. In co-transfected cells, 2L protein co-localized with two other viral envelope proteins, 22R and 53R, respectively. However, 2L protein did not co-localize with the major capsid protein (MCP) of RGV in co-transfected cells. Meanwhile, fluorescence observation showed that 2L protein co-localized with endoplasmic reticulum, but did not co-localize with mitochondria and Golgi apparatus. Moreover, a conditional lethal mutant virus containing the lac repressor/operator system was constructed to investigate the role of RGV 2L in virus infection. The ability of plaques formation and the virus titers were strongly reduced when the expression of 2L was repressed. Therefore, the current data showed that 2L protein is essential for virus infection. Our study is the first report of co-localization between envelope proteins in iridovirus and would provide new insights into the understanding of envelope proteins in iridovirus.
    Journal of General Virology 12/2013; 95(Pt_3). DOI:10.1099/vir.0.058776-0 · 3.18 Impact Factor
  • Tong Ou · Ruo-Lin Zhu · Zhong-Yuan Chen · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: We provide the first description of a virus responsible for a systemic hemorrhagic disease causing high mortality in farmed rice field eels Monopterus albus in China. Typical signs exhibited by the diseased fish were extensive hemorrhages in the skin and viscera and some neurological signs, such as loss of equilibrium and disorganized swimming. Histopathological examination revealed various degrees of necrosis within the spleen and liver. Virus isolation was attempted from visceral tissues of diseased fish by inoculation on 6 fish cell lines. Typical cytopathic effects (CPE) were produced in bluegill fry (BF2) cells, so this cell line was chosen for further isolation and propagation of the virus. Electron microscopy observation showed that the negative stained viral particles had the characteristic bullet shape of rhabdoviruses and an estimated size of 60 × 120 nm. We therefore tentatively refer to this virus as Monopterus albus rhabdovirus (MoARV). Molecular characterization of MoARV, including sequence analysis of the nucleoprotein (N), phosphoprotein (P), and glycoprotein (G) genes, revealed 94.5 to 97.3% amino acid similarity to that of Siniperca chuatsi rhabdovirus. Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequences of N and G proteins indicated that MoARV should be a member of the genus Vesiculovirus. Koch's postulates were fulfilled by infecting healthy rice field eels with MoARV, which produced an acute infection. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that MoARV RNA could be detected in both naturally and experimentally infected fish. The data suggest that MoARV was the causative pathogen of the disease.
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 11/2013; 106(3):197-206. DOI:10.3354/dao02660 · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Ruo-Lin Zhu · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Paralichthys olivaceus rhabdovirus (PORV), which is associated with high mortality rates in flounder, was isolated in China in 2005. Here, we provide an annotated sequence record of PORV, the genome of which comprises 11,182 nucleotides and contains six genes in the order 3'-N-P-M-G-NV-L-5'. Phylogenetic analysis based on glycoprotein sequences of PORV and other rhabdoviruses showed that PORV clusters with viral haemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), genus Novirhabdovirus, family Rhabdoviridae. Further phylogenetic analysis of the combined amino acid sequences of six proteins of PORV and VHSV strains showed that PORV clusters with Korean strains and is closely related to Asian strains, all of which were isolated from flounder. In a comparison in which the sequences of the six proteins were combined, PORV shared the highest identity (98.3 %) with VHSV strain KJ2008 from Korea.
    Archives of Virology 10/2013; 159(4). DOI:10.1007/s00705-013-1716-5 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of MHC alleles (including 26 class IA, 27 class IIA, and 17 class IIB) were identified from Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus (Anda-MHC). These genes are similar to classical MHC molecules in terms of characteristic domains, functional residues, deduced tertiary structures and genetic diversity. The majority of variation between alleles is found in the putative peptide-binding region (PBR), which is driven by positive Darwinian selection. The coexistence of two isoforms in MHC IA, IIA, and IIB alleles are shown: one full-length transcript and one novel splice variant. Despite lake of the external domains, these variants exhibit similar subcellular localization with the full-length transcripts. Moreover, the expression of MHC isoforms are up-regulated upon in vivo and in vitro stimulation with Andrias davidianus ranavirus (ADRV), suggesting their potential roles in the immune response. The results provide insights into understanding MHC variation and function in this ancient and endangered urodele amphibian.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 10/2013; 42(2). DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2013.10.001 · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • Li-Bo He · Xiao-Chan Gao · Fei Ke · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Rana grylio virus (RGV) is a pathogenic iridovirus that has resulted in high mortality in cultured frog. Here, a recombinant RGV (i53R-RGV-lacIO) containing the inducible lac repressor/operator system was constructed. i53R-RGV-lacIO was a conditional lethal mutant in which the expression of envelope protein 53R was regulated by IPTG. i53R-RGV-lacIO shared characteristics similar to RGV in the presence of IPTG. However, the expression level of 53R, the ability of plaques formation, and the virus titers were strongly reduced in the absence of IPTG. Electron microscopy showed that the number of progeny virus produced by i53R-RGV-lacIO was remarkably reduced without IPTG. Furthermore, over-expression of 53R in vitro could increase titers of i53R-RGV-lacIO in the absence of IPTG. Therefore, the current data suggested that the lac repressor/operator system could regulate gene expression in the recombinant iridovirus. Our study was thought to be the first report of the system in aquatic virus.
    Virus Research 07/2013; 177(2). DOI:10.1016/j.virusres.2013.07.016 · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • Rong Zhu · Jun Wang · Xiao-Ying Lei · Jian-Fang Gui · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Interferon-inducible transmembrane (IFITM) protein family is novel viral restriction factors with representative transmembrane structure. These proteins also exist in fish, however, their roles in the innate immune response remain unknown. Here, we report a characterization of teleost IFITM1 from flounder Paralichthys olivaceus (PoIFITM1), which exhibits conserved structure characteristic of the IFITM family but comprises a relatively longer N-terminal region. The expression and promoter activity of PoIFITM1 are markedly induced by aquatic animal viruses: Rana grylio virus (RGV) and Scophthalmus maximus rhabdovirus (SMRV). Overexpression and siRNA-mediated knockdown demonstrate that PoIFITM1 exhibits strong antiviral effects against both DNA virus (RGV) and RNA virus (SMRV), expanding the spectrum of viruses inhibited by IFITM proteins. Further analysis shows that PoIFITM1 suppresses viral entry into host cells, confirming that the IFITM-mediated restriction is conserved from lower vertebrates to mammals. Deletion mutagenesis reveals that PoIFITM1 exerts antiviral activity by targeting to Golgi complex and the N-terminal region is required for its subcellular localization, which is not observed in other known IFITM family members. Our current data provide the first evidence that IFITM1 functions as a key effector of the innate immune to restrict virus replication in lower vertebrates, through the action of impeding viral entry.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 07/2013; 35(3). DOI:10.1016/j.fsi.2013.07.002 · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    Fei Ke · Li-Bo He · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background Replication and assembly of vertebrate reoviruses occur in specific intracellular compartments known as viral factories. Recently, NS88 and NS80, the nonstructural proteins from aquareoviruses, have been proposed to share common traits with µNS from orthoreoviruses, which are involved in the formation of viral factories. Methodology/Principal Findings In this study, the NS80 characteristics and its interactions with other viral components were investigated. We observed that the NS80 structure ensured its self-aggregation and selective recruitment of viral proteins to viral factories like structures (VFLS). The minimum amino acids (aa) of NS80 required for VFLS formation included 193 aa at the C-terminal. However, this truncated protein only contained one aa coil and located in the nucleus. Its N-terminal residual regions, aa 1–55 and aa 55–85, were required for recruiting viral nonstructural protein NS38 and structural protein VP3, respectively. A conserved N-terminal region of NS38, which was responsible for the interaction with NS80, was also identified. Moreover, the minimal region of C-terminal residues, aa 506–742 (Δ505), required for NS80 self-aggregation in the cytoplasm, and aa 550–742 (Δ549), which are sufficient for recruiting viral structure proteins VP1, VP2, and VP4 were also identified. Conclusions/Significance The present study shows detailed interactions between NS80 and NS38 or other viral proteins. Sequence and structure characteristics of NS80 ensures its self-aggregation to form VFLS (either in the cytoplasm or nucleus) and recruitment of viral structural or nonstructural proteins.
    PLoS ONE 05/2013; 8(5):e63737. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0063737 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • San-Hua Li · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: An algicidal bacterium was isolated from freshwater (Lake Donghu in Wuhan) and coded as A01. The morphology of the algicidal bacterium was observed using optical microscope and electron microscopes, the results showed that A01 was rod-shaped, approximately 1.5 microm in length and 0.45 microm in width and with no flagella structure. A01 was Gram-negative and belongs to the family Acinetobacter sp. though identification by Gram's staining and 16S rDNA gene analysis. A01 exhibited strong algicidal activity on the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Anabaena eucompacta under laboratory conditions. The removal rate of chlorophyll a after 7-day incubation with the culture supernatant of A01 and thalli were 77% and 61%, respectively. Microscopic observation showed that almost all cyanobacterial cells were destroyed within 3 d of co-incubation with the supernatant of algicidal bacterium, but a mass of the cyanobacterial cell lysis was observed only after 5 d of co-incubation with the thalli of algicidal bacterium. These results indicated that the main algicidal component of A01 was in its culture supernatant. In other words, the strain A01 could secrete algicidal component against Anabaena eucompacta.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 02/2013; 34(2):583-8.
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    Xiao-Ying Lei · Tong Ou · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: The complete genome of Rana grylio virus (RGV) was sequenced and analyzed recently, which revealed that RGV 50 L had homologues in many iridoviruses with different identities; however, the characteristics and functions of 50 L have not been studied yet. We cloned and characterized RGV50L, and revealed 50 L functions in virus assembly and gene regulation. 50 L encoded a 499-amino acid structural protein of about 85 kDa in molecular weight and contained a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and a helix- extension-helix motif. Drug inhibition assay demonstrated that 50 L was an immediate-early (IE) gene. Immuno-fluorescence assay revealed that 50 L appeared early and persisted in RGV-infected cells following two distribution patterns. One pattern was that 50 L exhibited a cytoplasm-nucleus- viromatrix distribution pattern, and mutagenesis of the NLS motif revealed that localization of 50 L in the nucleus was NLS-dependent; the other was that 50 L co-localized with viral matrix which plays important roles in virus assembly and the life circle of viruses. RGV 50L is a novel iridovirus IE gene encoded structural protein which plays important roles in virus assembly.
    PLoS ONE 08/2012; 7(8):e43033. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0043033 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Xiao-Ying Lei · Tong Ou · Ruo-Lin Zhu · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Infection with Rana grylio virus (RGV), an iridovirus isolated in China in 1995, resulted in a high mortality rate in frogs. The complete genome sequence of RGV was determined and analyzed. The genomic DNA was 105,791 bp long, with 106 open reading frames (ORFs). Dot plot analysis showed that the gene order of RGV shared colinearity with three completely sequenced ranaviruses. A phylogenetic tree was constructed based on concatenated sequences of iridovirus 26 core-gene-encoded proteins, and the result showed high bootstrap support for RGV being a member of the genus Ranavirus and that iridoviruses of other genera also clustered closely. A microRNA (miRNA) prediction revealed that RGV could encode 18 mature miRNAs, many of which were located near genes associated with virus replication. Thirty-three repeated sequences were found in the RGV genome. These results provide insight into the genetic nature of RGV and are useful for laboratory diagnosis for vertebrate iridoviruses.
    Archives of Virology 04/2012; 157(8):1559-64. DOI:10.1007/s00705-012-1316-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    Shun Li · Fan Sun · Yi-Bing Zhang · Jian-Fang Gui · Qi-Ya Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) had been demonstrated to prime interferon (IFN) response against viral infection via the conserved RLR signaling in fish, and a novel fish-specific gene, the grass carp reovirus (GCRV)-induced gene 2 (Gig2), had been suggested to play important role in host antiviral response. In this study, we cloned and characterized zebrafish Gig2 homolog (named Danio rerio Gig2-I, DreI), and revealed its antiviral role and expressional regulation signaling pathway. RT-PCR, Western blot and promoter activity assay indicate that DreI can be induced by poly I:C, spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) and recombinant IFN (rIFN), showing that DreI is a typical ISG. Using the pivotal signaling molecules of RLR pathway, including RIG-I, MDA5 and IRF3 from crucian carp, it is found that DreI expression is regulated by RLR cascade and IRF3 plays an important role in this regulation. Furthermore, promoter mutation assay confirms that the IFN-stimulated regulatory elements (ISRE) in the 5' flanking region of DreI is essential for its induction. Finally, overexpression of DreI leads to establish a strong antiviral state against SVCV and Rana grylio virus (RGV) infection in EPC (Epithelioma papulosum cyprinid) cells. These data indicate that DreI is an antiviral protein, which is regulated by RLR signaling pathway.
    PLoS ONE 03/2012; 7(3):e32427. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0032427 · 3.23 Impact Factor