Sun Jin Sym

Gachon University, Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

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Publications (64)184.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin blood levels in predicting the incidence of systemic infection among adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with induction chemotherapy. Adult patients with newly diagnosed AML who were initially treated with conventional 3 + 7 induction chemotherapy within 5 days of their diagnosis were included. Patients with previous cytotoxic chemotherapy <3 years, acute promyelocytic leukemia diagnosis, human immunodeficiency virus infection, or significant systemic infection at the time of diagnosis were excluded. Patients were treated with an institutional policy of substantial identity with negligible differences regarding supportive care. Among 110 patients (median age 54.5 years), 39 infectious events in 38 patients were reported, along with 21 episodes of infectious treatment-related mortality (TRM; 19.1 %). Elevated pre-treatment CRP (p = 0.032) and ferritin (p = 0.002) were related to the incidence of systemic infection. The degree of increase of blood CRP and ferritin level was correlated with the extent of leukocytosis. However, patients with elevated inflammatory markers above normal range had increased risk of infection irrespective of whether they had leukocytosis or not, suggesting that expansion of leukemic blast is another factor affecting the elevation of the markers independent to infection propensity and therefore the magnitude of the elevation does not quantitatively predict the risk of infection. Modest elevation of baseline blood inflammatory markers above the normal range could be an indicator for predicting the incidence of systemic infection in patients with AML.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00520-015-2762-1 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed versus gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with chemotherapy. Patients with advanced (stage IIIB or IV) or recurrent NSCLC were randomly assigned to receive either 500 mg/m² of pemetrexed intravenously every 3 weeks or gefitinib 250 mg/day orally. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months. A total of 95 patients were enrolled (47 for pemetrexed and 48 for gefitinib). Most patients were male (72%) and current/ex-smokers (69%), and 80% had non-squamous cell carcinoma. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status was determined in 38 patients (40%); one patient per each arm was positive for EGFR mutation. The 6-month PFS rates were 22% and 15% for pemetrexed and gefitinib, respectively (p=0.35). Both arms showed an identical median PFS of 2.0 months and a median overall survival (OS) of 8.5 months. In EGFR wild-type patients, higher response rate (RR) and longer PFS as well as OS were achieved via pemetrexed compared with gefitinib, although there were no significant differences (RR: 39% vs. 9%, p=0.07; median PFS: 6.6 months vs. 3.1 months, p=0.45; median OS: 29.6 months vs. 12.9 months, p=0.62). Toxicities were mild in both treatment arms. Frequently reported toxicities were anemia and fatigue for pemetrexed, and skin rash and anorexia for gefitinib. Both pemetrexed and gefitinib had similar efficacy with good tolerability as second-line treatment in unselected patients with advanced NSCLC. However, pemetrexed is considered more effective than gefitinib for EGFR wild-type patients.
    Cancer Research and Treatment 03/2015; DOI:10.4143/crt.2014.307 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinicopathologic features of patients with extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGISTs) in South Korea. A total of 51 patients with an EGIST were identified. The clinicopathologic features, including sex, age, location, tumor size, histology, mitotic rate, immunohistochemical features, genetic status and survival data, were analyzed. The median age was 55 years (range: 29-80 years), and male:female ratio was 1:1.04. The most common site was in the mesentery (n = 15) followed by the retroperitoneum (n = 13) and omentum (n = 8). The median tumor size was 9.0 cm (range: 2.6-30.0 cm) and the median mitotic rate was 5.0/50HPF. (1/50 - 185/50). KIT was analyzed in 16, which revealed 10 cases with wild-type KIT and 6 cases with an exon 11 mutation. Among 51 patients, 31 patients had undergone surgery, and 10 had unresectable disease and had taken palliative imatinib, which resulted in 22.7 mo of progression-free survival. Of the patients who had undergone surgery, 18 did not take adjuvant imatinib, and 8 of these were categorized as "high risk" according to the risk criteria. However, the relapse-free survival was not different (P = 0.157) between two groups. Because the biologic behaviors of GISTs differ according to the location of the tumor, a more stratified strategy is required for managing EGISTs including incorporation of molecular features.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2015; 21(6):1845-50. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i6.1845 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The granisetron transdermal system (GTS) showed non-inferior efficacy to oral granisetron to control chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) during multiday chemotherapy. We compared the efficacy and safety of GTS with that of intravenous and oral granisetron in Korean patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). Patients and methods: A total of 276 patients were randomized into GTS (n = 139, one patch on days 1-4) or control group (n = 137, intravenous on day 1 and oral on days 2-4). The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients achieving complete response (CR) from chemotherapy initiation until 24 h after the final administration. Results: Out of 234 patients (112 in GTS and 122 in control group) included in the per protocol analysis, 97.9 % had gastrointestinal cancer and 76.9 % received 3-day chemotherapy. The GTS showed non-inferior efficacy achieving CR in 75.0 % of the patients; 74.6 % of the patients in the control group achieved CR (95 % confidence interval -10.73 to 11.55 %). The CR rate did not change after subgroup analyses by sex, age, and chemotherapy naivety and analysis per day and overall days of treatment. The GTS group showed sustained CR from day 1 to day 4. Patients' satisfaction, assessed using Functional Living Index-Emesis (FLI-E), showed no difference. Both treatments were well tolerated and safe. Conclusion: The GTS showed non-inferior efficacy to intravenous and oral granisetron. The safety, tolerability, and FLI-E scores of the GTS were comparable to those of control group. The GTS offers a convenient alternative option for relieving CINV in patients receiving MEC.
    Supportive Care Cancer 12/2014; 23(6). DOI:10.1007/s00520-014-2507-6 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxaliplatin is a third-generation platinum derivative used for metastatic or advanced colorectal cancer treatment. Although myelosuppression is the most common cause of oxaliplatin-induced thrombocytopenia, rare cases of oxaliplatin-induced immunemediated thrombocytopenia are reported. We report a case of a 57-year-old woman with colon cancer who developed gum bleeding and petechiae after oxaliplatin infusion. Laboratory tests revealed grade 4 thrombocytopenia and grade 4 neutropenia. She recovered from the thrombocytopenia and accompanying neutropenia within 4 days with no recurrence following discontinuation of oxaliplatin. Physicians need to be aware of the risk of severe acute thrombocytopenia following oxaliplatin administration.
    Cancer Research and Treatment 10/2014; DOI:10.4143/crt.2014.052 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) measured by (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab-containing immunochemotherapy. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL who underwent pre-treatment torso FDG-PET/CT scan taken within 10 days before treatment were included. MTV was defined as the volume of hypermetabolic tissue with a standardized uptake value (SUV) greater than a threshold value of 2.5 and calculated using volume viewer software. Association of MTV with patient characteristics and survival were compared. Results: A total of 96 patients were evaluated. During a median follow-up period of 27.8 months, 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival was 69.5 % and 72.9 %, respectively. The Ann Arbor staging showed a limitation of prognosis because there was no difference of EFS between patients with Ann Arbor stage II and those with stage III. On the contrary, among patients with Ann Arbor stage II or III disease (n = 53), the higher MTV group showed significantly inferior EFS compared with the lower MTV group. Conclusions: In the current study, we identified the pre-treatment MTV measured by FDG-PET/CT as a potential predictor of survival in patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP), at least in Ann Arbor stage II and III disease.
    09/2014; 48(3):187-95. DOI:10.1007/s13139-014-0280-6
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study is to evaluate the prognostic value of anemia, an easy to estimate parameter in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) immunochemotherapy. A total of 157 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with ≥ 1 cycle of R-CHOP were included. Hemoglobin level without red cell transfusion within seven days before initiation of treatment was chosen as a parameter of baseline cancer-induced anemia (CIA). To investigate the clinical significance of chemotherapy-induced anemia (CTIA) and its recovery after completion of treatment, 87 patients in complete remission for ≥ 6 months from the time of the last cycle of R-CHOP were grouped and analyzed separately. Patients with a CIA of hemoglobin < 10 g/dL showed inferior event-free and disease-free survival compared to those with hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL. This finding was observed irrespective of the status of pre-treatment bone marrow involvement. In multivariate analysis, hemoglobin < 10 g/dL was found to be an international prognostic index-independent prognostic factor. Risk of relapse was significantly higher for patients who were still anemic at six months after R-CHOP, compared to those who achieved complete recovery from CTIA within six months.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 09/2014; 105(12). DOI:10.1111/cas.12544 · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the predictive value of rare epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 mutations in determining a patient's response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment is unclear. Patients and methods: We reviewed data for NSCLC patients harboring EGFR exon 20 mutations from two hospitals in Korea. EGFR mutations were analyzed using directional sequencing. Results: We identified eight patients carrying EGFR exon 20 mutations, seven of whom had insertional mutations. Three patients carried previously unreported insertional mutations. Among six patients who were treated with EGFR TKI, one showed stable disease and three showed primary resistance. Response evaluations were not performed for the other two patients because of their clinical deterioration. Conclusions: EGFR exon 20 insertional mutations, including three that were previously unreported, were associated with the poor response of patients to TKI treatment.
    Investigational New Drugs 08/2014; 32(6). DOI:10.1007/s10637-014-0146-x · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Genexol-PM is a Cremorphor EL (CrEL)-free polymeric micelle formulation of paclitaxel that allows higher-dose administration with less hypersensitivity. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Genexol-PM and gemcitabine combination in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients as a first-line treatment. Patients and methods This is a prospective, single-arm, single-center phase II study. Patients with advanced NSCLC received Genexol-PM at 230 mg/m2 on day 1 and gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8 of a 3-week cycle. Six cycles of chemotherapy were planned unless there was disease progression. The primary endpoint was overall response rate. Results Forty-three patients received the study drugs with a median of 4 cycles per patient (range 1–6). The overall response rate was 46.5 %. The median progression-free survival was 4.0 months (95 % CI 2.0–6.0 months), and median overall survival was 14.8 months (95 % CI 9.1–20.5 months). The most common toxicities were anemia (n = 29, 67 %), asthenia (n = 17, 40 %), myalgia (n = 16, 37 %), peripheral neuropathy (n = 15, 35 %), and diarrhea (n = 12, 30 %). The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (n = 7, 16 %) and pneumonia (n = 5, 12 %). Two patients died of pneumonia and dyspnea. Conclusions CrEL-free paclitaxel in combination with gemcitabine demonstrated favorable antitumor activity with little emetogenicities in non-small cell lung cancer patients. However, frequent grade 3/4 toxicities were observed, and safety should be evaluated thoroughly in future studies.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 06/2014; 74(2). DOI:10.1007/s00280-014-2498-5 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer 05/2014; 50:e67. DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2014.03.252 · 5.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to explore the association of Ki-67 and p53 expression with prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who underwent curative resection. We retrospectively identified 116 consecutive patients with stages I-III NSCLC who underwent curative resection at a single center from January 2007 to December 2012. Ki-67 and p53 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Data on clinicopathologic features and survival were collected retrospectively. Ki-67 expression in 109 samples and p53 expression in 115 patients were analyzed. According to the results, 108 patients (99 %) showed at least some expression of Ki-67. The median Ki-67 expression level was 30 %. Positive p53 expression was observed in 91 (79 %) patients. Higher Ki-67 expression (>40 %) was significantly more frequent in male (26 vs. 4 % in female, p = 0.002), ever-smoker (31 vs. 10 % in never-smoker, p = 0.024), and non-adenocarcinoma (30 vs. 11 % of adenocarcinoma, p = 0.012) patients. In univariable analysis, median disease-free survival (DFS) was shorter with higher Ki-67 expression (16.1 vs. 61.9 months in those with lower Ki-67 expression, p = 0.005), and p53 expression did not show an association with DFS. Among 42 patients with stage I NSCLC who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy, DFS was significantly worse in patients with higher Ki-67 expression (2-year DFS rate 57 vs. 88 %, p = 0.018). In a Cox regression model, higher Ki-67 expression (>40 %) was a significant independent prognostic factor associated with poorer DFS (HR 2.9, 95 % CI 1.3-6.2) along with TNM stage and age. Higher Ki-67 expression (>40 %) showed an independent association with shorter DFS in NSCLC patients who underwent curative resection.
    Tumor Biology 04/2014; 35(6). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-1760-0 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study aimed at evaluating the role of routine imaging versus symptom-directed unplanned early out-patient department (OPD) visits in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in complete remission (CR) by analyzing the patterns and outcomes of OPD visits for disease monitoring. Patients with DLBCL in CR after treatment in the rituximab era with any OPD monitoring visit were analyzed. A total of 856 OPD visits were recorded: 501 visits were with routine imaging, 322 were without routine imaging, and 33 visits (3.9%) were unplanned early visits due to abnormal symptoms. Of the 106 analyzed patients, 15 experienced a relapse (median follow-up duration of 38.1 months). Routine imaging showed an unsatisfactory positive predictive value due to frequent false-positive visits, and a substantial number of patients with false-positive imaging underwent unnecessary biopsies or additional scans. Compared with planned OPD visits, unplanned early visits were highly related to relapse.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 01/2014; 55(10). DOI:10.3109/10428194.2014.882505 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Docetaxel, in combination with cisplatin or oxaliplatin, has demonstrated efficacy in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). This randomized, non-comparative phase II trial evaluated two weekly docetaxel-based regimens to determine which is the most promising in terms of efficacy and safety as a front-line therapy in AGC. Chemotherapy-naïve patients with measurable unresectable and/or metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel (35 mg/m(2)) weekly on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle plus either cisplatin (60 mg/m(2) on day 1) (wDP) or oxaliplatin (120 mg/m(2) on day 1) (wDO). Of the 77 randomly assigned patients, 76 patients (38 per arm) received one of the study treatments. Overall, response rate (ORR) was 37 % for wDP and 41 % for wDO. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.9 and 4.4 months for wDP and wDO, respectively, and median overall survival (OS) was 9.7 and 12.3 months, respectively. Exploratory analyses showed no significant difference between wDP and wDO in terms of ORR (P = 0.707), PFS (P = 0.324), or OS (P = 0.581). The main grade 3 or 4 toxicity in the wDP and wDO groups was neutropenia (47 % in both groups). wDO was less associated with nausea (66 vs. 82 %) and vomiting (39 vs. 63 %), but more associated with peripheral neuropathy (68 vs. 39 %) than wDP. Rates of overall grade 3 or 4 adverse events were similar (wDP 66 vs. wDO 68 %). wDP and wDO were found to be equally active and tolerable as front-line treatments in AGC.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2013; 73(1). DOI:10.1007/s00280-013-2334-3 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Baseline serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level is a well-known prognostic factor in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; however, its role beyond initial diagnosis has not yet been defined. Methods: This study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP21, who had undergone regular checks for LDH during immunochemotherapy (n = 119) and during the posttreatment follow-up period after complete remission (CR; n = 100). The 119 patients were classified into 4 groups according to their baseline and change in LDH level during treatment, and an analysis of tumor response and survival was performed. The value of LDH as a predictor for relapse was evaluated among the patients with regular follow-up visits after achieving CR. Results: An increased LDH level during immunochemotherapy had no impact on tumor response or survival, and only the LDH status 'before' treatment was a prognostic marker. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of serum LDH for detecting relapse after CR were 47.4, 86.5, 9.3 and 98.3%, respectively. Conclusion: The measurement of LDH level beyond initial diagnosis has no clear benefit in predicting disease progression or relapse in patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP21.
    Acta Haematologica 08/2013; 130(4):305-311. DOI:10.1159/000353127 · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are fundamentally different procedures, a tailored approach to bacterial bloodstream infection (BSI) according to the type of HSCT has not yet been suggested. We evaluated the characteristics of BSI after HSCT, with a focus on comparison of BSIs between recipients of autologous HSCT (auto-HSCT) and allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT). Among 134 patients (59 received allo-HSCT and 75 received auto-HSCT) who underwent HSCT, BSIs were reported earlier in patients who underwent auto-HSCT, compared with those who underwent allo-HSCT (mean 12.1 ± 3.4 days versus 32.8 ± 27.1 days, P = .006). Among patients receiving allo-HSCT, postneutrophil-engraftment bacterial BSI showed an association with grade ≥2 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In patients who underwent auto-HSCT, results of multivariate analysis showed that not receiving prophylactic antibiotics (P = .004) and having elevated serum C-reactive protein (P = .034) were risk factors of BSI. Elevated CRP (P = .01) and acute GVHD ≥ grade 2 (P = .002) were independent risk factors in patients who underwent allo-HSCT. Those differences originated mainly from the impact of acute GVHD-related postengraftment BSIs of patients who underwent allo-HSCT. To establish the best defense strategy against BSI, the distinctive natures of bacterial BSI after HSCT between auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT should be considered.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 06/2013; 19(6):994–999. DOI:10.1016/j.bbmt.2013.03.019 · 3.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: UGT1A1 genotypes are important when considering treatment with irinotecan-containing regimens. In this study, we determined the dose, efficacy, and tolerability of irinotecan according to UGT1A1 genotypes when combined with capecitabine in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum were enrolled into a UGT1A1 genotype-directed dose-escalation trial of irinotecan plus fixed-dose capecitabine (2,000 mg/m(2)/day). The starting dose of irinotecan was different for each genotype group and ranged from 200 to 280 mg/m(2). Pharmacokinetic concentrations of irinotecan and metabolites were determined by LC/MS/MS. Results: Fifty patients were genotyped for UGT1A1 *28 and *6, and grouped according to the numbers of defective alleles (DA): 0, 1, and 2. Plasma concentrations of irinotecan, SN-38, and SN-38G were measured. The maximum tolerated dose of irinotecan was 350 mg/m(2) for the 0 and 1 DA groups, and 200 mg/m(2) for the 2 DA group. For the 0, 1, and 2 DA groups, mean AUClast ratios of SN-38G to SN-38 were 7.72, 5.71, and 2.72 (P = 0.0023) and relative dose intensities at recommended dose were 85, 83, and 97 %. Conclusion: Irinotecan dosing based on UGT1A1*28 and *6 is feasible, and higher doses of irinotecan can be safely administered in patients with 0 or 1 DA, compared to those with 2 DA.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 04/2013; 71(6). DOI:10.1007/s00280-013-2161-6 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • S.J. Sym · J. Hong · H.K. Ahn · J. Park · E.K. Cho · J.H. Lee · W. Lee · J. Baek · Y.H. Park · D.B. Shin
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of irinotecan (CPT-11) monotherapy and CPT-11 plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) combination (mFOLFIRI) as second-line treatment in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Methods: A total of 59 patients were randomly assigned to either CPT-11 (150 mg/m(2) iv on day 1) or mFOLFIRI (CPT-11 150 mg/m(2) plus LV 20 mg/m(2) on day 1 followed by 5-FU 2,000 mg/m(2) over 48 h), every 2 weeks. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR). Results: Following random assignment, 29 patients received CPT-11 and 30 patients mFOLFIRI. The ORR was 17.2 % [95 % confidence interval (CI) 3.4-30.9] and 20.0 % (95 % CI 5.6-34.3) for the CPT-11 and mFOLFIRI arms, respectively (P = 0.525). There was no significant difference in median progression-free survival: 2.2 months (95 % CI 0.2-4.3) for CPT-11 versus 3.0 months (95 % CI 2.0-3.7) for mFOLFIRI (P = 0.481) or in median overall survival: 5.8 months (95 % CI 3.0-8.7), compared with 6.7 months (95 % CI 5.3-8.2) (P = 0.514). Grade 3/4 toxicity was observed in 21 and 28 events in the CPT-11 and mFOLFIRI arms, respectively. Conclusions: Although this study had a small sample size and limited statistical power, CPT-11 monotherapy and mFOLFIRI appear to be equally active and tolerable as second-line chemotherapy for AGC. The addition of 5-FU/LV to CPT-11 did not significantly improve efficacy.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2012; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00280-012-2027-3 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    Dataset: Supp Cancer

Publication Stats

439 Citations
184.08 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2014
    • Gachon University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Hemato-oncology
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
  • 2008–2011
    • University of Ulsan
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Incheon St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic Medical Center
      Bucheon, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2007–2010
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2008–2009
    • Asan Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea