C Boileau

Saint Joseph University, Lebanon, Beyrouth, Beyrouth, Lebanon

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Publications (94)364.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The association of marfanoid habitus (MH) and intellectual disability (ID) has been reported in the literature, with overlapping presentations and genetic heterogeneity. A hundred patients (71 males and 29 females) with a MH and ID were recruited. Custom-designed 244K array-CGH (Agilent®; Agilent Technologies Inc., Santa Clara, CA) and MED12, ZDHHC9, UPF3B, FBN1, TGFBR1 and TGFBR2 sequencing analyses were performed. Eighty patients could be classified as isolated MH and ID: 12 chromosomal imbalances, 1 FBN1 mutation and 1 possibly pathogenic MED12 mutation were found (17%). Twenty patients could be classified as ID with other extra-skeletal features of the Marfan syndrome (MFS) spectrum: 4 pathogenic FBN1 mutations and 4 chromosomal imbalances were found (2 patients with both FBN1 mutation and chromosomal rearrangement) (29%). These results suggest either that there are more loci with genes yet to be discovered or that MH can also be a relatively non-specific feature of patients with ID. The search for aortic complications is mandatory even if MH is associated with ID since FBN1 mutations or rearrangements were found in some patients. The excess of males is in favour of the involvement of other X-linked genes. Although it was impossible to make a diagnosis in 80% of patients, these results will improve genetic counselling in families.
    Clinical Genetics 03/2013; · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder with manifestations mainly involving the skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular systems. The phenotypic variability observed in MFS makes genetic counselling difficult. Prenatal diagnosis (PND) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis are technically feasible when a causal mutation is identified, but both raise many ethical questions in this condition. Little is known about opinions and practices in such reproductive issues in MFS. The goal of this study was to report on patients' points of view and geneticists' standard practices. METHODS: Two different questionnaires were produced. RESULTS: Fifty geneticists filled in the questionnaire. Twenty-two per cent thought that PND was acceptable, 72% debatable and 6% not acceptable. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis was more often reported acceptable (34% of answers). Results varied according to the physician's experience with the disease. Fifty-four answers were collected for patients' questionnaires. Most of them (74%) were favourable to the development of prenatal testing, and believed that the choice should be given to parents. However, only a minority would opt for prenatal diagnosis for themselves. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the majority of patients were in favour of PND and that opinions among practitioners varied widely, but that overall, practitioners favoured a systematic multidisciplinary evaluation of the couple's request. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Prenatal Diagnosis 11/2012; · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on two sibs, a girl, and a boy, with tall stature, long, and triangular faces, prominent foreheads with high frontal hairlines, telecanthus, downward slanting of the palpebral fissures, ptosis of the eyelids, everted lower eyelids, large ears, long noses, full, and everted vermilions, highly arched and narrow palates, tooth crowding, thin and long uvulae, coloboma of the alae, hyperextensible joints, long digits, positive thumb signs, flat feet, slightly diminished muscle strength, myopia, astigmatia, inguinal hernia, and vesical diverticula. Total body X-rays showed the presence of advanced bone age in both sibs and bilateral hallux valgus in the girl. Array-CGH did not reveal any pathological CNV. Molecular analysis of FBN1, FBN2, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, and CHST14 gene was normal, and SNP linkage analysis excluded more candidate genes. Differential diagnoses and the possibility that we might be reporting on a hitherto unreported syndrome are discussed.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 04/2012; 158A(5):1185-9. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION.: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) share some physiopathologic bases as supported by individual and familial polyautoimmunity and common susceptibility genetic factors. For the latter, there is a recent shift from the "common variant" to the "rare variant" paradigm, inasmuch as rare variants of TNFAIP3 and TREX1 with large effect size have recently been uncovered in SLE. OBJECTIVE.: To investigate whether rare variants of TREX1 and TNFAIP3 are associated with SSc. METHODS.: TREX1 rs3135946, rs7626978, rs3135943, rs11797 and TNFAIP3 rs9494883, rs72063345, rs5029939, rs2230926, rs117480515, rs7749323 were genotyped in a "discovery" set (985 SSc and 1011 controls) and the most relevant results were replicated in a second set (622 SSc and 493 controls). RESULTS.: No association between TREX1 variants and SSc was observed. For TNFAIP3, we first demonstrated that a low-frequency variant, rs117480515, tagged the TT>-A SLE dinucleotide recently identified. In the discovery sample, we observed that all tested TNFAIP3 variants were in linkage disequilibrium and were associated with SSc and various subsets including the polyautoimmune phenotype. Rs117480515 was subsequently genotyped in the replication sample and was found to be solely associated with SSc patients with polyautoimmunity; P=8.58x10(-9) , OR=3.51 [95%CI 2.28-5.41] in the combined populations. Genotype-mRNA expression correlations revealed that the TNFAIP3 rs117480515 risk allele was associated with decreased mRNA expression. CONCLUSION.: Our results establish the TNFAIP3 locus as susceptibility factor for the subset of SSc patients with a polyautoimmune phenotype. Our results support the implication of rare/low-frequency functional variants and the critical role of A20 in autoimmunity. © 2012 American College of Rheumatology.
    Arthritis and Rheumatism. 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Several autoimmune disorders, including systemic sclerosis (SSc), are characterized by a strong sex bias. To date, it is not known whether genes on the sex chromosomes influence SSc susceptibility. Recently, an IRAK1 haplotype that contains the 196Phe functional variant (rs1059702), located on Xq28, was found to confer susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study was undertaken to test for an association between SSc and the IRAK1 SLE risk haplotype. We tested for an association with the IRAK1 SLE risk haplotype in a discovery set of 849 SSc patients and 625 controls. IRAK1 rs1059702 was further genotyped in a replication set, which included Caucasian women from Italy (493 SSc patients and 509 controls) and Germany (466 SSc patients and 1,083 controls). An association between the IRAK1 haplotype and SSc was detected in the discovery set. In both the discovery and replication sets, the rs1059702 TT genotype was found to be associated with specific SSc subsets, highlighting a potential contribution to disease severity. A meta-analysis provided evidence of an association of both the T allele and TT genotype with the overall disease, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.20 and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 1.06-1.35 for the T allele (P = 0.003) and an OR of 1.49 and 95% CI of 1.06-2.10 for the TT genotype (P = 0.023). However, the most notable associations were observed with the diffuse cutaneous, anti-topoisomerase I antibody positive, and SSc-related fibrosing alveolitis subsets (OR 2.35 [95% CI 1.51-3.66], P = 1.56 × 10(-4), OR 2.84 [95% CI 1.87-4.32], P = 1.07 × 10(-6), and OR 2.09 [95% CI 1.35-3.24], P = 9.05 × 10(-4), respectively). Our study provides the first evidence of an association between IRAK1 and SSc, demonstrating that a sex chromosome gene directly influences SSc susceptibility and its phenotypic heterogeneity.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 08/2011; 63(12):3979-87. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of Marfan syndrome (MFS) is challenging and international criteria have been proposed. The 1996 Ghent criteria were adopted worldwide, but new diagnostic criteria for MFS were released in 2010, giving more weight to aortic root aneurysm and ectopia lentis. We aimed to compare the diagnosis reached by applying this new nosology vs the Ghent nosology in a well-known series of 1009 probands defined by the presence of an FBN1 mutation. A total of 842 patients could be classified as MFS according to the new nosology (83%) as compared to 894 (89%) according to the 1996 Ghent criteria. The remaining 17% would be classified as ectopia lentis syndrome (ELS), mitral valve prolapse syndrome or mitral valve, aorta, skeleton and skin (MASS) syndrome, or potential MFS in patients aged less than 20 years. Taking into account the median age at last follow-up (29 years), the possibility has to be considered that these patients would go on to develop classic MFS with time. Although the number of patients for a given diagnosis differed only slightly, the new nosology led to a different diagnosis in 15% of cases. Indeed, 10% of MFS patients were reclassified as ELS or MASS in the absence of aortic dilatation; conversely, 5% were reclassified as MFS in the presence of aortic dilatation. The nosology is easier to apply because the systemic score is helpful to reach the diagnosis of MFS only in a minority of patients. Diagnostic criteria should be a flexible and dynamic tool so that reclassification of patients with alternative diagnosis is possible, requiring regular clinical and aortic follow-up.
    Clinical Genetics 05/2011; 81(5):433-42. · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • P Dieudé, C Boileau, Y Allanore
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    ABSTRACT: In the field of genetics of SSc, we are currently reaching a period of rapid data production. Several themes are already rising from the first wave of results. First, some genetic variants clearly predispose to multiple autoimmune diseases, thus providing evidence for a shared autoimmune genetic background. Second, multiple genes are involved in the SSc predisposition and as expected the genetic associations are quite modest. Third, unless for a small number of exceptions, the causative genetic variations have not been definitively identified yet. Lastly, to date, the most convincing associations detected relate to genes playing a pivotal role in both innate and adaptative immunity. Indeed, additionally to the MHC, candidate gene studies have convincingly and reproducibly identified PTPN22, IRF5, STAT4, C8orf13-BLK, BANK1 and TNFSF4 as SSc susceptibility genes. Although these results have substantially advanced our understanding of the SSc pathogenesis, both gene-gene and gene-environment studies are now awaited in order to further improve our understanding of this multifacet disease. Finally, we should keep in mind that SSc is a very severe that is until now unfortunately free of effective therapy. Therefore, the identification of new susceptibility genes may offer a rich source of new hypotheses and experimental directions to follow that we should try to assembly in a near future to generate innovative therapies to fight this dramatic disease.
    Autoimmunity reviews 03/2011; 10(5):282-90. · 6.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The nonsynonymous polymorphism rs763361 of the CD226 gene, which encodes DNAX accessory molecule 1, which is involved in T cell costimulation pathways, has recently been identified as a genetic risk factor for autoimmunity. The purpose of this study was to test for association of the CD226 rs763361 polymorphism with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in European Caucasian populations. CD226 rs763361 was genotyped in 3,632 individuals, consisting of a discovery sample (991 SSc patients and 1,008 controls) and a replication sample (999 SSc patients and 634 controls). All study subjects were of European Caucasian origin. Expression of CD226 was assessed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 21 healthy donors genotyped for CD226 rs763361. The CD226 rs763361 T allele was found to be associated with SSc in both the discovery and the replication samples, showing the following results in the combined populations: odds ratio (OR) 1.22 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.10-1.34), P = 5.69 × 10(-5) . The CD226 T allele was also associated with various SSc subsets, highlighting a potential contribution to disease severity. The most remarkable associations of the CD226 TT risk genotype were observed with the diffuse cutaneous SSc subtype, the anti-topoisomerase I antibody-positive, and SSc-related fibrosing alveolitis subsets: OR 1.86 (95% CI 1.42-2.43), P = 5.15 × 10(-6) , OR 1.82 (95% CI 1.38-2.40), P = 2.16 × 10(-5) , and OR 1.61 (95% CI 1.25-2.08), P = 2.73 × 10(-4) , respectively. CD226 expression was not significantly influenced by CD226 rs763361 genotypes whatever the T cell subtype investigated. Our results establish CD226 as a new SSc genetic susceptibility factor underlying the contribution of costimulation pathways in the pathogenesis of SSc. Further work is nevertheless needed to define the causal variant at the CD226 locus as well as the functional consequences.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 12/2010; 63(4):1097-105. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence has highlighted a potential role of interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). NLRP1 provides a scaffold for the assembly of the inflammasome that promotes the processing and maturation of pro-IL-1β. In addition, NLRP1 variants were found to confer susceptibility to autoimmune disorders. /st> To study a possible association of the NLRP1 rs6502867, rs2670660 and rs8182352, rs12150220 and rs4790797 with SSc in the European Caucasian population. NLRP1 single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 3227 individuals comprising a discovery set (870 SSc patients and 962 controls) and a replication set including individuals from Germany (532 SSc patients and 324 controls) and Italy (527 SSc patients and 301 controls), all individuals being of European Caucasian origin. Conditional analyses revealed a significant association for the NLRP1 rs8182352 variant with both anti-topoisomerase-positive and SSc-related fibrosing alveolitis (FA) subsets under an additive model: p=0.0042, OR 1.23 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.41) and p=0.0065 OR 1.19 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.36), respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed an additive effect of IRF5 rs2004640, STAT4 rs7574865 and NLRP1 rs8182352 risk alleles on SSc-related FA. Our results establish NLRP1 as a new genetic susceptibility factor for SSc-related pulmonary fibrosis and anti-topoisomerase-positive SSc phenotypes. This provides new insights into the pathogenesis of SSc, underlining the potential role of innate immunity in particular in the FA-positive SSc subphenotype, which represents a severe subset of the disease.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 12/2010; 70(4):668-74. · 8.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TNFAIP3 encodes the ubiquitin-modifying enzyme, a key regulator of inflammatory signalling pathways. Convincing associations between TNFAIP3 variants and autoimmune diseases have been reported. To investigate the association of TNFAIP3 polymorphisms with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a set of 1018 patients with SSc and 1012 controls of French Caucasian origin were genotyped. Two intergenic SNPs, rs10499194 and rs6920220, and one located in TNFAIP3 intron 2, rs5029939, were selected. The TNFAIP3 rs5029939 found to be associated with SSc in this first set was then genotyped in a second set of 465 patients with SSc and 182 controls from Germany and 184 patients with SSc and 124 controls from Italy. Pooled odd ratios were calculated by Mantel-Haenszel meta-analysis. The rs5029939 G allele was found to be significantly associated with SSc susceptibility (pooled OR=2.08 (95% CI 1.59 to 2.72); p=1.16×10⁻⁷), whereas the rs10499194 and rs6920220 variants displayed no association. Only one of the predicted haplotypes investigated in the French sample was significantly associated with SSc (p=8.91×10⁻⁸), and this haplotype was discriminating only in the presence of the rs5029939 risk allele, suggesting that this SNP tags the association signal. The strongest associations of rs5029939 with subphenotypes, having large magnitudes for complex genetic disorders, were observed for diffuse cutaneous SSc (pooled OR=2.71 (1.94 to 3.79), p=5.2×10⁻⁹), fibrosing alveolitis (pooled OR=2.26 (1.61 to 3.17), p=2.5×10⁻⁶) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (pooled OR=3.11 (1.86 to 5.17), p=1.3×10⁻⁵). These results suggest that TNFAIP3 is a genetic susceptibility factor for SSc.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 11/2010; 69(11):1958-64. · 8.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has emerged as a leading cause of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The genetic basis of PAH has been unraveled in recent years, with a major role played by transforming growth factor β receptors; however, some other candidate genes have also been advocated, including potassium voltage-gated channel, shaker-related subfamily, member 5 (KCNA5). We undertook this study to determine whether KCNA5 polymorphisms confer susceptibility to SSc and its vascular phenotype, including PAH. Four KCNA5 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs10744676, rs1860420, rs3741930, and rs2284136, were genotyped in a discovery set of 638 SSc patients and 469 controls. In addition, rs10744676 was genotyped in an independent replication sample (938 SSc patients and 564 controls) and in a cohort of 168 patients with different PAH subtypes. The KCNA5 rs10744676 variant was found to be associated with SSc in the discovery sample, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.62 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.48-0.79, adjusted P = 0.0003) in comparison with controls (C allele frequency 11.4% versus 17.2%). When subphenotypes were investigated, an association was found solely for PAH associated with SSc (OR 0.31 [95% CI 0.13-0.71], adjusted P = 0.04). The other KCNA5 SNPs tested were not associated with any SSc subset. The above association with PAH associated with SSc was replicated in the second set. In the combined population, rs10744676 was strongly associated with PAH associated with SSc in comparison with controls (OR 0.36 [95% CI 0.21-0.63], P = 0.0002). In the independent cohort of patients with PAH, after investigating PAH subtypes, only rs10744676 showed an association with PAH associated with SSc. Our results provide the first evidence for an association between the KCNA5 rs10744676 variant and PAH associated with SSc.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 10/2010; 62(10):3093-100. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ectopia lentis (EL) is a zonular disease where alteration of the zonular fibers leads progressively to lens dislocation. It is most often associated with systemic diseases such as Marfan syndrome, Weill-Marchesani syndrome or homocystinuria. Isolated non syndromic ectopia lentis (IEL) is reported in families with autosomal inheritance, with dominant forms being more common than recessive. LTBP2 truncating mutations have been described as a cause of autosomal recessive ectopia lentis as a primary or secondary feature in patients showing ocular (eg, glaucoma) or extraocular manifestations (eg, Marfanoid habitus). Recently, ADAMTSL4 has been shown to be responsible for isolated autosomal recessive ectopia lentis in an inbred family. Herein we show a consanguineous family that carries a novel homozygous splice mutation IVS4-1G>A/IVS4-1G>A in ADAMTSL4 responsible for isolated autosomal recessive EL, thus confirming the involvement of this gene in this condition and underlining the major role of ADAMTS proteases in zonular fibers homeostasis.
    Ophthalmic Genetics 03/2010; 31(1):47-51. · 1.07 Impact Factor
  • Annals of The Rheumatic Diseases - ANN RHEUM DIS. 01/2010; 69(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Objectif Le syndrome de Marfan (MFS) est une maladie autosomique dominante. L’expressivité est variable. Le but de notre étude a été de chercher les facteurs pronostiques associés à une survie prolongée dans les formes les plus précoces et les plus sévères de la maladie. Méthode Les proposants provenant de la base de donnée internationale : the Universal Marfan database-FBN1, diagnostiqués avant l’âge de un an et présentant une dilatation aortique ou une insuffisance valvulaire ont été inclus dans l’étude. Les données cliniques et moléculaires ont été corrélées à la survie. Résultats Parmi les 62 enfants, 40 étaient morts, 80 % avant l’âge de 1 an, le plus souvent d’une insuffisance cardiaque congestive. La présence d’une insuffisance valvulaire ou d’une hernie diaphragmatique était prédictive d’une plus courte espérance de vie. Les mutations dans les exons 25 et 26 étaient surreprésentées et étaient associées à une survie plus courte (p = 0,05). Conclusion Cette étude est la plus grande série génotypée de proposants Marfan diagnostiqués avant l’âge de 1 an. Elle montre que la présence d’une insuffisance valvulaire, d’une hernie diaphragmatique ou d’une mutation dans les exons 25 et 26 sont associés significativement à une survie plus courte.
    Archives De Pediatrie - ARCHIVES PEDIATRIE. 01/2010; 17(6):5-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether the functional BANK1 variants rs3733197 and rs10516487 are associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in 2 European Caucasian populations and to investigate the putative gene-gene interactions between BANK1 and IRF5 as well as STAT4. BANK1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in a total population of 2,432 individuals. The French cohort consisted of 874 SSc patients and 955 controls (previously genotyped for both IRF5 rs2004640 and STAT4 rs7574865). The German cohort consisted of 421 SSc patients and 182 controls. The BANK1 variants were found to be associated with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) in both cohorts, providing an odds ratio (OR) of 0.77 for the rs10516487 T rare allele in the combined populations of dcSSc patients as compared with the combined populations of controls (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.64-0.93) and an OR of 0.73 (95% CI 0.61-0.87) for the rs3733197 A rare allele. BANK1 haplotype analysis found the A-T haplotype to be protective in dcSSc patients (OR 0.70 [95% CI 0.57-0.86], P = 3.39 x 10(-4)) and the G-C haplotype to be a risk factor (OR 1.25 [95% CI 1.06-1.47], P = 0.008). Significant differences were also observed when the limited cutaneous subset of SSc was compared with the dcSSc subset, both for the rare alleles and for the haplotypes. The BANK1, IRF5, and STAT4 risk alleles displayed a multiplicatively increased risk of dcSSc of 1.43-fold. Our results establish BANK1 as a new SSc genetic susceptibility factor and show that BANK1, IRF5, and STAT4 act with additive effects.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 11/2009; 60(11):3447-54. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) belongs to the group of connective tissue disorders (CTDs), among which are several disorders characterized by a type I interferon (IFN) signature. The recent identification of an association between IRF5 and SSc further highlights a key role for IFN. STAT4, which encodes STAT-4, contributes to IFN signaling, and its genetic variants were found to be associated with CTDs. The aim of this study was to determine whether the STAT4 rs7574865 single-nucleotide polymorphism is associated with SSc, and whether it interacts with IRF5. Both the STAT4 rs7574865 and IRF5 rs2004640 polymorphisms were genotyped in 1,855 individuals of French Caucasian origin comprising a discovery set of 440 patients with SSc and 485 control subjects and a replication set of 445 patients with SSc and an additional 485 control subjects. STAT4 rs7574865 was shown to be associated with SSc (P=0.001, odds ratio [OR] 1.29, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.11-1.51). This association was not restricted to a particular phenotype. An additive effect of the STAT4 rs7574865 T allele and the IRF5 rs2004640 T allele was observed, resulting in a multiple increased 1.28-fold risk of SSc. The OR for SSc was 2.72 (95% CI 1.86-3.99) for combinations of genotypes with >or=3 risk alleles. An additive effect was also detected for fibrosing alveolitis: carriage of at least 3 risk alleles appeared to be an independent risk factor (P=2.2x10(-4), OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.28-3.04). Our results establish STAT4 rs7574865 as a new SSc genetic susceptibility factor. STAT4 and IRF5 act with additive effects in terms of susceptibility to both SSc and SSc-related fibrosing alveolitis.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 07/2009; 60(8):2472-9. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the FBN1 gene cause Marfan syndrome (MFS) and have been associated with a wide range of milder overlapping phenotypes. A proportion of patients carrying a FBN1 mutation does not meet diagnostic criteria for MFS, and are diagnosed with “other type I fibrillinopathy.” In order to better describe this entity, we analyzed a subgroup of 146 out of 689 adult propositi with incomplete “clinical” international criteria (Ghent nosology) from a large collaborative international study including 1,009 propositi with a pathogenic FBN1 mutation. We focused on patients with only one major clinical criterion, [including isolated ectopia lentis (EL; 12 patients), isolated ascending aortic dilatation (17 patients), and isolated major skeletal manifestations (1 patient)] or with no major criterion but only minor criteria in 1 or more organ systems (16 patients). At least one component of the Ghent nosology, insufficient alone to make a minor criterion, was found in the majority of patients with isolated ascending aortic dilatation and isolated EL. In patients with isolated EL, missense mutations involving a cysteine were predominant, mutations in exons 24–32 were underrepresented, and no mutations leading to a premature truncation were found. Studies of recurrent mutations and affected family members of propositi with only one major clinical criterion argue for a clinical continuum between such phenotypes and classical MFS. Using strict definitions, we conclude that patients with FBN1 mutation and only one major clinical criterion or with only minor clinical criteria of one or more organ system do exist but represent only 5% of the adult cohort. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 04/2009; 149A(5):854 - 860. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by generalized microangiopathy leading to chronic hypoxia. The aim of this study was to determine whether polymorphisms of the hypoxia-inducible factor 1A gene (HIF1A) affects susceptibility to SSc in a large French European Caucasian population. A case-control study was performed in 659 SSc patients and 511 healthy matched controls. Three tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the HIF1A gene (rs12434438 A/G, rs1957757 C/T, and rs11549465 C/T) were genotyped allowing whole gene coverage according to HapMap data. The frequency of genotypes carrying at least one G allele (A/G and/or GG) of the rs12434438 SNP was significantly higher in SSc patients than in controls [p(corr) = 0.018, odds ratio (OR) 1.44, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.91]. Regarding SSc subgroup analyses, the heterozygous genotype A/G was associated with SSc (p(corr) = 0.012, OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.13-1.9), with the limited cutaneous form of SSc (p(corr) = 0.04, OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.08-1.91), and with positive anti-centromere antibodies (ACA; p(corr) = 0.016, OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.16-2.23). No association was detected for the remaining two HIF1A SNPs tested. Haplotype analyses did not detect any association with SSc. We observed an association between the HIF1A gene and SSc in a European Caucasian population, supporting a role for HIF1 in the pathophysiology of SSc.
    Scandinavian journal of rheumatology 04/2009; 38(4):291-4. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    atherosclerosis. 01/2009; 203:449-453.
  • M Abifadel, C Boileau
    Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2009; 10(2).

Publication Stats

2k Citations
364.27 Total Impact Points


  • 2012
    • Saint Joseph University, Lebanon
      • Faculty of Dentistry
      Beyrouth, Beyrouth, Lebanon
  • 2009–2012
    • Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin
      Versailles, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • Université Paris Descartes
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2010–2011
    • Paris Diderot University
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Hôpital Bichat - Claude-Bernard (Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Nord Val de Seine)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2007–2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon
      Dijon, Bourgogne, France
  • 1997–2010
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Paris, Ile-de-France, France
  • 2008–2009
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Hôpital Ambroise Paré – Hôpitaux universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest
      Billancourt, Île-de-France, France
  • 2000–2007
    • Hôpital Universitaire Necker
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2003
    • Hôpital Ambroise Paré Paul Desbief
      Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
  • 1999
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1993
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France