Tsuyoshi Suzuki

Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (20)37.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Brain metastases usually present late during the course of breast cancer and are associated with an unfavorable prognosis. It was previously demonstrated that the status of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) may be altered in the time window between the emergence of the primary breast tumor and the development of metastases. The aim of this study was to compare the expression of ER, PR and HER2 in pathology samples of primary breast cancer and brain metastases in order to evaluate whether previously administered therapy was able to modify this status and determine whether biomarker alterations affect prognosis after the development of brain metastases. Data were collected from 62 patients who were initially diagnosed with breast cancer that had metastasized to the brain. The ER, PR and HER2 status of the samples from the primary tumors and the brain metastases was determined. Differences in the immunohistochemical profiles of ER, PR or HER2 between the primary tumors and the brain metastases in 17 patients (29.3%) were identified. The patients with HER2-positive brain metastases who received trastuzumab had no leptomeningeal metastases and exhibited a longer survival time after brain metastases compared to the HER2-positive patients who did not receive trastuzumab and the patients with HER2-negative brain metastases (P=0.0005). Our results suggested that the patients treated with trastuzumab following surgery and radiotherapy for brain metastases exhibited a better prognosis. Thus, the HER2 status in brain metastases requires re-evaluation and extended trastuzumab therapy is recommended after brain metastases.
    Molecular and Clinical Oncology 11/2013; 1(6):995-1001. DOI:10.3892/mco.2013.162
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of cerebral aneurysm was retrospectively investigated in 208 patients with acromegaly relative to the rate of cerebral aneurysm in a group of control subjects. Neuroradiological examinations of the cerebral vascular system were conducted in 208 acromegaly patients (101 men; mean age, 48.8 years). The prevalence of cerebral aneurysm in the acromegaly patients was compared to that in a control group consisting of 7,390 subjects who underwent "brain checkup" between 2006 and 2008 (mean age, 51.6 years). In the acromegaly group, cerebral aneurysm was detected in 4.3 % of patients. By sex, the prevalence was 6.9 % in males, a significantly proportion than that in the control group with an odds ratio of 4.40. The prevalence in females did not differ between the two groups. In the acromegaly group, the rate of hypertension was significantly higher in the patients with aneurysm compared to those without aneurysm. Multiple logistic regression identified acromegaly as a significant factor related to the prevalence of cerebral aneurysm in all male subjects; other factors, such as age, hypertension and smoking, were not found to be significant. A significantly higher prevalence of cerebral aneurysm was detected in male patients with acromegaly. This finding indicates that excess growth hormone or insulin-like growth factor 1 affects the cerebral vascular wall, resulting in aneurysm formation. In addition to known systematic complications in the cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic, and other systems, the risk of cerebral aneurysm should be considered in the management of acromegaly.
    Pituitary 07/2012; 16(2). DOI:10.1007/s11102-012-0404-x · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Due to advances in neuroimaging and the increasing use of imaging to screen for brain disease ("brain checkups"), meningiomas are now often detected as an incidental finding. The natural history of these asymptomatic meningiomas remains unclear, however. In this study, the authors investigated the natural history and growth pattern of incidentally detected meningiomas using serial volumetric assessment and regression analysis. In 70 patients with incidentally discovered meningiomas who underwent follow-up for longer than 1 year, tumor volumes were calculated volumetrically at each follow-up visit, and tumor growth was determined. In patients with tumor growth, regression analysis was performed to determine the pattern of growth. Forty-four tumors exhibited growth and 26 did not. In a regression analysis, 16 of the tumors that grew followed an exponential growth pattern and 15 exhibited linear growth patterns. The presence of calcification was the only imaging characteristic that significantly distinguished the group with tumor growth from that without, although no radiological characteristics significantly distinguished the exponential growth group from the linear growth group. Two patients with obvious tumor growth underwent surgical removal and the pathological specimens extracted showed a high proliferative potential. The authors found that incidentally discovered meningiomas did not always follow an exponential growth pattern but often exhibited more complex patterns of growth. Serial monitoring of tumor volumes and regression analysis may reveal the growth pattern of incidental meningiomas and provide information useful for determining treatment strategy.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 04/2009; 110(4):675-84. DOI:10.3171/2008.8.JNS08481 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The object of this study was to investigate the safety and clinical responses of immunotherapy targeting the WT1 (Wilms tumor 1) gene product in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Twenty-one patients with WT1/HLA-A*2402-positive recurrent GBM were included in a Phase II clinical study of WT1 vaccine therapy. In all patients, the tumors were resistant to standard therapy. Patients received intra-dermal injections of an HLA-A*2402-restricted, modified 9-mer WT1 peptide every week for 12 weeks. Tumor size, which was obtained by measuring the contrast-enhanced area on magnetic resonance images, was determined every 4 weeks. The responses were analyzed according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 12 weeks after the initial vaccination. Patients who achieved an effective response continued to be vaccinated until tumor progression occurred. Progression-free survival and overall survival after initial WT1 treatment were estimated. The protocol was well tolerated; only local erythema occurred at the WT1 vaccine injection site. The clinical responses were as follows: partial response in 2 patients, stable disease in 10 patients, and progressive disease in 9 patients. No patient had a complete response. The overall response rate (cases with complete or partial response) was 9.5%, and the disease control rate (cases with complete or partial response as well as those in which disease was stable) was 57.1%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) period was 20.0 weeks, and the 6-month (26-week) PFS rate was 33.3%. Although a small uncontrolled nonrandomized trial, this study showed that WT1 vaccine therapy for patients with WT1/HLA-A*2402-positive recurrent GBM was safe and produced a clinical response. Based on these results, further clinical studies of WT1 vaccine therapy in patients with malignant glioma are warranted.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 06/2008; 108(5):963-71. DOI:10.3171/JNS/2008/108/5/0963 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of Wilms' tumor gene WT1 protein was investigated immunohistochemically in 73 glial tumors, including 60 astrocytic tumors, eight oligodendroglial tumors, and five ependymal tumors. WT1 protein was detected in 70 of the 73 glial tumors (95.9%) examined. Almost all glioblastomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, anaplastic ependymomas, and anaplastic oligodendrogliomas expressed high levels of WT1 protein. A significant (p < 0.001) correlation was found between WT1 protein expression and MIB-1 staining index. Histological examination found that WT1 protein was strongly expressed in the anaplastic portions and areas with perivascular proliferation and high cellularity, implying that WT1 gene might be important in glial tumor cell proliferation. WT1 gene is overexpressed in various types of solid tumors and WT1 protein is a target antigen for cancer immunotherapy. This study indicates that many malignant glial tumors are good candidates for cancer immunotherapy targeting WT1 protein and that WT1 protein expression could be used as a proliferation marker in glial tumors.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 04/2007; 47(4):165-70; discussion 170. DOI:10.2176/nmc.47.165 · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 19-year-old man presented with a rare skull metastasis from atypical pulmonary carcinoid tumor (APCT) manifesting as headache, diplopia, and cough. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed a skull base tumor extending from the posterior clinoid process to the clivus, and calvarial tumors in the right temporal and occipital bones. Chest and abdominal computed tomography showed a round tumor, 4 cm in diameter, in the lower lobe of the right lung and multiple small tumors in the liver. Surgery for the calvarial tumor in the right temporal bone was performed on June 27, 2003. The histological diagnosis was skull metastasis of neuroendocrine tumor. Gamma knife radiosurgery was performed for the residual skull metastases. Partial resection of the right lower lobe was performed for the lung tumor on August 22, 2003. The histological diagnosis was atypical carcinoid tumor. Subsequent adjuvant systematic chemotherapy was performed. The patient died of progression of the tumors in the lung and liver on April 19, 2004. We must consider APCT in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary tumors in adolescents, and perform follow-up observation or treatment, including surgery, if APCT is suspected.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 01/2007; 46(12):609-13. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary intracranial giant cell type of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (GC-MFH) is rare, and the resemblance to meningioma causes diagnostic confusion. Discrimination from meningioma bears important therapeutic and prognostic implications. We report one such case in which an extracranial malignant neoplasm was seen after the initial diagnosis and treatment. A 62-year-old woman presented with history of seizure. MRI revealed a huge right frontotemporal, homogeneously enhanced extraaxial lesion with significant mass effect. The main vascular supply was the middle meningeal artery. Workup for lesions elsewhere was negative. Gross total resection including dural attachment was achieved. The histopathological features were consistent with the diagnosis of GC-MFH. Immunohistochemistry disclosed varied reactivity profiles in tumor component cells: the spindle-shaped cells possessed features of mesenchymal and hematopoietic lineage, the histiocytic cells those of mesenchymal and epithelial cells, and the osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells those of monocyte/macrophage and epithelial cells. Proliferative activity was absent in giant cells. Local irradiation of 60 Gy (linac) was performed. The patient did well for 10 months, and follow-up MRI showed no evidence of tumor recurrence. Subsequently, she developed ascites and died 3 months later as a consequence of end-stage adenocarcinoma (ovary) with peritoneal dissemination. There is no established treatment protocol for primary intracranial MFH. Although gross total resection and local irradiation were effective in the short-term control of local relapse in the present case, occurrence of extracranial neoplasm was fatal. Close follow-up aimed at early detection of local recurrence and distant metastases, as well as extracranial malignancy, remains important.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 04/2006; 23(1):65-70. DOI:10.1007/s10014-006-0200-2 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the feasibility of using radiologic characteristics to predict the proliferative potential in meningiomas. Our statistical analysis revealed that the presence of peritumoral edema, an ambiguous brain-tumor border, and irregular tumor shape were significantly correlated with a higher MIB-1 staining index (SI) value. We developed the following scoring system for specific features in each tumor: peritumoral edema (tumor with edema = 1, tumor without edema = 0); brain-tumor border (tumor with any ambiguous border = 1, tumor circumscribed by a distinct rim = 0); and tumor shape (tumor with irregular shape = 1, tumor with smooth shape = 0). Using Spearman's correlation coefficient analysis, we found a significant correlation (P < 0.005) between total score calculated for each patient and SI value. Our findings suggest that the proliferative potential of meningiomas can be predicted using a less invasive preoperative examination focusing on the presence of peritumoral edema, ambiguous brain-tumor border, and irregular tumor shape.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 04/2006; 23(1):49-54. DOI:10.1007/s10014-006-0199-4 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here a 74-year-old woman with a skull metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In her medical history, she was diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) at age 28 years, and she underwent thyroidectomy for PTC at age 52 years and adrenectomy for pheochromocytoma (PC) at age 58 years. She was admitted to our hospital with an increased mass in the forehead. Head computed tomography (CT) showed an expansive, osteolytic, and solid tumor extending from the dura mater into the subcutis, destroying part of the frontal bone. Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed that the tumor was chiefly extradural but partially invaded the dura mater. Cerebral angiography showed that the tumor was fed from a branch of the external carotid artery. She underwent surgery, and histological examination revealed that the skull tumor was a metastasis from PTC, indicating that skull metastasis occurred 23 years after curative surgery for PTC. The patient also underwent adjuvant radioiodine therapy. As little is known about skull metastases from PTC, we discuss its characteristics and the extremely rare combined occurrence of PC and PTC in an NF1 patient.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 02/2006; 23(2):97-100. DOI:10.1007/s10014-006-0203-z · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most frequent infratentorial malignant brain tumor in children. In contrast, primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is defined as a supratentorial malignant tumor generated from the cerebral hemisphere. These tumors have considerable histological overlap but have different clinical outcomes including overall survival period, recurrence rate, and chemosensitivity. We investigated the amplification and/or deletion of genes and the chromosomal gain and/or loss in 10 MBs and 3 PNETs with a genomic DNA microarray system. Genes that are frequently amplified in these both these tumors include MSH2, N-myc, AKT3, and EGFR. Amplifications of SNRPN, MYB, and PTEN are observed only in MB. The genes associated with Wnt/APC and Shh/PTCH pathways also have some aberrations. Common chromosomal aberrations include gains at 17q and 7q and losses at 17p. Minor chromosomal losses were also detected at 1p, 8p + q, 11p, 10p + q, 13q, 16q, and Xp + q in MB. SPNETs tend to contain fewer chromosomal and genetic abnormalities than MBs. In conclusion, there are gene expression and chromosomal differences between MBs and SPNETs. These differences may correlate with the prognosis.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 02/2006; 23(1):41-7. DOI:10.1007/s10014-006-0201-1 · 1.22 Impact Factor

  • Neurologia medico-chirurgica 01/2006; 46(12):609-613. DOI:10.2176/nmc.46.609 · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Meningioma is the commonest brain tumor and many genetic abnormalities, such as the loss of chromosome 22q and the mutation of NF2, have been reported. These classical abnormalities were detected using Southern blot, PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization, but these methods examine only very limited regions or limited mapping resolution of the tumor genome. In this study, we used DNA microarray assay, which detects numerous genetic abnormalities simultaneously and analyses a global assessment of molecular events in meningioma cells. We studied 31 meningiomas by GenoSensor Array 300 in order to detect the chromosomal aberrations and genetic abnormalities in the whole genome. This study demonstrated not only classical chromosomal aberration, such as loss of chromosome 22q in 19 meningiomas (61.3%), but also new genetic characteristics of meningiomas, such as amplification of MSH2 in 16 meningiomas (51.6%), deletion of GSCL in 13 meningiomas (41.9%) and deletion of HIRA in seven meningiomas (22.6%). These results suggest that DNA microarray assay is useful in research for the genetic characters of meningiomas and understanding tumorigenesis.
    Neurological Research 11/2005; 27(7):747-54. DOI:10.1179/016164105X35648 · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neural stem cells (NSC) have unique differentiation-, proliferation-, and motility properties. To investigate whether they secrete factors that interfere with the proliferation of glioma cells, we grew glioma cells in conditioned medium (CM) obtained from cultures of neurospheres including neural stem / progenitor cells (NSPC) isolated from embryonic (E14)- or adult mouse brain or fetal human brain. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and BrdU-labeling assays showed that CM from NSPC (NSPC/CM) contained factor(s) that inhibited the proliferation of glioma cells by 28-87%. Filter-fractionation of NSPC/CM revealed that the 50,000-100,000 nominal molecular weight limit (NMWL) fraction contained the inhibitory activity. On the basis of these observations we transplanted 203G glioma cells and/or NSPC into the intrathecal space of the cisterna magna of mice to investigate whether NSPC interfere with the proliferation of glioma cells in vivo. Mice transplanted with both 203G and NSPC survived significantly longer than did mice transplanted only with 203G. We concluded that NSPC secrete factor(s) that may control glioma cell proliferation.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 10/2005; 74(3):233-9. DOI:10.1007/s11060-004-7118-5 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported a good clinical treatment effect of intrathecal chemotherapy by repeated bolus administration of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) for neoplastic meningitis (NM). Moreover, we detected no side effects or neurotoxicity despite the long-term repetition of intrathecal administration. On the basis of these findings, continuous intrathecal chemotherapy (CIC) with FdUrd for patients with NM was attempted using a simple pump system. We evaluated the usefulness of CIC with FdUrd for the treatment of NM. A total of 25 patients were enrolled in this study. FdUrd (1.0 mg/d) was administered using a balloon pump system. CIC was continued as long as possible. Eight patients received whole-brain irradiation (3 Gy x 10) simultaneously with CIC. The effects of the treatment were analyzed in terms of improvement in neurological signs and symptoms and the findings of ventricular and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid analysis 2 and 4 weeks after CIC was initiated and on magnetic resonance imaging scans 2 months after CIC began. No apparent toxicity has been observed to date. Evidence of a cerebrospinal fluid response was observed in 13 patients. Headache and nausea were improved in all patients, and cranial nerve impairment was improved in 12 patients. A magnetic resonance imaging response was observed in only 5 patients. Overall response was observed in 15 patients when cases of stable disease were excluded from the responding cases. Survival time from the commencement of CIC (mean +/- standard error of the mean) was 255 +/- 30 days in 25 patients. This therapy may be useful, especially as a maintenance therapy for NM.
    Neurosurgery 09/2005; 57(2):266-80; discussion 266-80. DOI:10.1227/01.NEU.0000166543.45294.F6 · 3.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GM3, the simplest ganglioside, modulates cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation in the central nervous system and exogenously added GM3 regulates cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion and induces apoptosis. To assess the anti-tumor action of exogenous GM3, we examined its effect on the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells. Its inhibitory effect on cell proliferation was demonstrated in vitro by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and in vitro in rats with meningeal gliomatosis whose survival was significantly prolonged by the intrathecal injection of GM3. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay revealed that GM3 induced glioma cell apoptosis in vitro and in vitro. In rat brain slice cultures, GM3 suppressed the invasion of glioma cells; this effect manifested earlier than the inhibition of cell proliferation and before apoptosis induction. Our results suggest exogenous GM3 as a potential therapeutic agent in patients with glioma requiring adjuvant therapy.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 02/2005; 71(2):99-106. DOI:10.1007/s11060-004-9602-3 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of the Wilms' tumor gene W T1 in primary astrocytic tumors was examined using a quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or immunohistochemistry. Real-time RT-PCR showed that W T1 mRNA was expressed at various levels in all of the 25 astrocytic tumors examined. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that W T1 protein was expressed in 5 of 6 low-grade astrocytic tumors (grade I-II) and all of 18 high-grade ones (grade III-IV), and that expression levels of W T1 protein in high-grade tumors were significantly higher than those in low-grade ones. W T1 protein was not detected in the normal glial cells contained in the tumor specimens. Furthermore, treatment with W T1 antisense oligomers specifically inhibited growth of glioblastoma cell lines, U87-MG, A172, and T-98G. These results may indicate that the W T1 gene plays an important role in tumorigenesis of primary astrocytic tumors.
    Cancer Science 11/2004; 95(10):822-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1349-7006.2004.tb02188.x · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Meningioma is one of the most common brain tumors, and a variety of genetic abnormalities have been detected by the Southern blotting, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) methods. However, these methods detect only a very limited portion of the tumor genome or have a limited mapping resolution. In this study, we used DNA microarray assay, which detects numerous genetic abnormalities and analyzes a global assessment of molecular events in tumor cells. We analyzed genomic DNA from 26 patients with benign meningiomas by GenoSensor Array 300 in order to characterize gene amplifications, gene deletions, and chromosomal information in the whole genome. Loss of chromosome 22q was found most frequently. This chromosomal aberration was detected in 14 meningiomas (53.8%), particularly in transitional and fibrous meningiomas. In meningothelial meningiomas, amplification of INS and TCL1A was detected more frequently than in other meningioma subtypes. DNA microarray assay revealed new genetic differences among the meningioma subtypes, thus indicating that this novel technique is useful for understanding tumor genesis and for the diagnosis of meningioma subtype.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 02/2004; 21(3):127-33. DOI:10.1007/BF02482188 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genomic microarray systems can simultaneously provide substantial genetic and chromosomal information in a relatively short time. We have analyzed genomic DNA from frozen sections of 30 cases of primary glioblastomas by GenoSensor Array 300 in order to characterize gene amplifications, gene deletions, and chromosomal information in the whole genome. Genes that were frequently amplified included RFC2/CYLN2 (63.3%), EGFR (53.3%), IL6 (53.3%), ABCB1 (MDR1) (36.7%), and PDGFRA (26.7%). Genes that were frequently deleted included (56.7%), FGFR2 (66.7%), MTAP (60.0%), DMBT1 CDKN2A (p16)/MTAP (50.0%), PIK3CA (43.3%), and EGR2 (43.3%), but deletion of RB1 or TP53 was rarely detected. Chromosomal gains were observed frequently for 7q (33.3%), 7p (20.0%), and 17q (13.3%). Loss of the 10q was frequently detected in 13 of 30 cases (46.7%). Loss of the entire chromosome 10 was seen in 9 of 30 cases (30.0%), and was often accompanied by EGFR amplification (7 cases, 77.8%). The GenoSensor Array 300 proved to be useful for identification of genome-wide molecular changes in glioblastomas. The obtained microarray profile can also yield valuable insight into the molecular events underlying carcinogenesis of brain tumors and may provide clues about clinical correlations, including response to treatment.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 02/2004; 21(1):27-34. DOI:10.1007/BF02482174 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To achieve local control of malignant glioma, we designed a postoperative stereotactic radiotherapy using a micro-multileaf collimator (micro-MLC). The purpose of this study was to clarify the feasibility of this treatment. The treatment was performed in six patients who met the following eligibility criteria: (1) supratentorial tumor, (2) residual tumor volume < or = 40 cm3, and (3) Karnofsky performance status > or = 70. The three planning target volumes (PTVs), which consisted of restricted PTV (RPTV), intermediate PTV (IPTV), and extended PTV (EPTV), defined as the residual tumor plus a 1 cm, 2 cm, and 3 cm margins, respectively, and total dose delivery of 60-68 Gy, 52-60 Gy, and 44-52 Gy to the isocenters of RPTV, IPTV, and EPTV, respectively, in 4 Gy per fraction at five fractions per week, were established. The beam arrangement and the conformal blockade with a micro-MLC for the optimal treatment plan were designed. The treatment plans showed the high dose conformation to EPTV, the appropriate dose gradients in the three PTVs with the high dose homogeneity to RPTV, and the tolerated dose to critical structures. Following the plans, treatment was performed. The clinical findings more than 12 months after the treatment supported its possible use. We conclude that this treatment is feasible at least in selected patients.
    Neurosurgical Review 06/2002; 25(3):166-73. DOI:10.1007/s101430100185 · 2.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Skull metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are extremely rich in vascularity, which sometimes makes surgery dangerous. For minimally invasive surgery, it is very important to diminish the intratumoral vascular flow preoperatively. We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a giant skull base metastasis from HCC that was successfully removed after two sessions of direct ethanol injection into the tumor as a preoperative treatment to diminish the intratumoral vascular flow. Direct ethanol injection is a modification of percutaneous ethanol injection therapy, which is widely used in the treatment of primary HCC. In this article, we describe in detail the practical procedures and the usefulness of this treatment for a giant skull base metastasis from HCC.
    Skull Base 02/2000; 10(2):81-6. DOI:10.1055/s-2000-7274

Publication Stats

395 Citations
37.09 Total Impact Points


  • 2002-2012
    • Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2006-2008
    • Osaka University
      • Division of Neurosurgery
      Suika, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2007
    • Toyonaka Municipal Hospital
      Toyonaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2004-2006
    • Osaka City University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan