F P Mancini

University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Campania, Italy

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Publications (27)102.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma gene has been associated in some, but not all, studies with lower body mass index (BMI) and improved insulin sensitivity; how an altered transcriptional activity of PPARgamma2 could influence insulin sensitivity is currently unclear. The free fatty acids (FFAs) released from adipose tissue triglycerides via lipolysis are key mediators of impaired insulin sensitivity; however, no study has described the relationship of the Pro12Ala mutation with circulating levels of FFAs under physiological conditions. To investigate in a population-based sample of Caucasians the relation of the Pro12Ala polymorphism with plasma concentrations of FFAs and other markers of lipid and glucose metabolism described as components of the insulin resistance syndrome. Four hundred and thirty-eight nondiabetic employees of the Italian Telephone Company, aged 35-65 years, randomly selected from a total population of 3900 participants in a company-sponsored health screening. The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the PPARgamma was studied together with plasma FFAs, insulin, glucose, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, blood pressure and anthropometry. The Homeostatic Model Assessment (HOMA) index was calculated as a measure of insulin resistance. Carriers and noncarriers of the Pro12Ala polymorphism showed very similar circulating levels of FFA (0.46 +/- 0.2 vs. 0.47 +/- 0.2, NS); plasma glucose, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and blood pressure were also similar in the two groups with or without the polymorphism. To allow for the possible confounding effect of obesity, a separate analysis was conducted in overweight (BMI > or = 25 kg/m(2)) and normal-weight people (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)). Circulating plasma FFA concentrations, as well as triglycerides, blood pressure and HOMA, were significantly higher in overweight than normal-weight, as expected, but no significant differences were detected between carriers and noncarriers of the Pro12Ala polymorphism within each BMI group (0.49 +/- 0.2 vs. 0.48 +/- 0.2, NS, and 0.44 +/- 0.2 vs. 0.47 +/- 0.2, NS, in overweight and normal-weight, respectively). The Pro12Ala polymorphism was also analysed across increasing quartiles of FFA concentrations and no relationship was observed between the frequency of the polymorphism and FFA values (overall chi2 = 0.48, NS). This study does not show any relationship between the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the PPARgamma gene and fasting FFAs in the general population. The possibility of a different handling of FFAs under different conditions (i.e. postprandial) cannot be excluded and remains to be explored.
    Clinical Endocrinology 11/2002; 57(4):481-6. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2265.2002.01618.x · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fibrates are hypolipidemic drugs that activate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. Since fibrates may also increase energy expenditure, we investigated whether fenofibrate (FF) had this effect in diet-induced obese rats. A 2-month administration of a high-fat palatable diet to adult rats increased body weight by 25% and white adipose mass by 163% compared with a standard diet. These effects were prevented by FF, both when administered for the 2 months of high-fat feeding and when given for only the second month. Consequently, FF-treated rats had a final body weight and white adipose tissue mass similar to untreated animals on the standard diet. FF also increased resting metabolic rate, hepatic peroxisomal and mitochondrial palmitoyl-dependent oxygen uptake and mRNA levels of acyl-CoA oxidase and lipoprotein lipase. Finally, FF lowered mRNA levels of uncoupling protein-2 and did not affect mitochondrial respiration in skeletal muscle. Therefore, FF seems to act as a weight-stabilizer mainly through its effect on liver metabolism.
    FEBS Letters 03/2001; 491(1-2):154-8. DOI:10.1016/S0014-5793(01)02146-9 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homocysteine is involved in a complex and dynamic system of vascular injury and repair and may thus contribute to the development of diabetic microangiopathy. This still debated issue has important scientific and clinical implications, since hyperhomocysteinemia can be corrected nutritionally. 1) To evaluate the association between fasting plasma homocysteine, type 1 diabetes and its microvascular complications; 2) to elucidate the basis of this association by investigating the major determinants of plasma homocysteine in relation to diabetic microangiopathy. We studied sixty-six consecutive patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus of > 10 years duration and normal serum creatinine (< 115 mumol/L, 1.3 mg/dL), and free from clinically detectable cardiovascular diseases. Forty-four non-diabetic controls were also studied. Plasma concentrations of homocysteine, folate and vitamin B12 were investigated together with the C677T mutation in the gene coding for methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a key enzyme in homocysteine metabolism. Renal and retinal diabetic complications were evaluated as albumin/creatinine ratio on early-morning, urine spot collection and fundus photographs. Fasting plasma homocysteine levels were very similar in patients and controls. Patients with microalbuminuria or proliferative retinopathy had significantly higher values than those without: 9.4 +/- 3.1 vs 7.4 +/- 2.8 mumol/L, p < 0.02 and 9.5 +/- 2.6 vs 7.3 +/- 3.0 mumol/L, p < 0.05. This difference was not attributable to confounders, such as age, sex and smoking, nor to dissimilar plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations. In contrast, homozygosity for the C677T mutation in the MTHFR gene--the commonest genetic defect linked to moderately increased plasma homocysteine--was significantly more frequent in patients with microalbuminuria and/or proliferative retinopathy (50% vs 13%, p < 0.004), odds ratio 6.7 (95% CI 1.7-27.6). Type 1 diabetes as such is not associated with increased plasma homocysteine levels, though patients with microalbuminuria and/or proliferative retinopathy display significantly higher values than those without. This difference is not attributable to obvious confounders, nor to differences in vitamin status, and may be partly mediated by genetic factors. Plasma homocysteine, together with other diabetes-related noxae, may thus be in a position to contribute to the development of nephropathy and the progression of retinopathy.
    Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 12/2000; 10(6):297-304. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the association of the Pro12Ala mutation in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma2 with severe obesity and the features of the metabolic syndrome in a population-based sample of Caucasians. The study is based on a case-control design: 95 non-diabetic severely obese (body mass index, BMI > 35 kg/m2) cases and 280 normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2), age- and sex-matched controls selected from the same population were studied. Height, weight, waist circumference, as well as blood pressure were measured according to a standard protocol. BMI at age 25 y was calculated on the basis of current height and reported weight at age 25 y Biochemical measurements included fasting glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and insulin. DNA analysis was conducted by PCR and gel electrophoresis. Age and gender distribution were similar in obese and normal weight participants. The percentage of people with the Pro12Ala mutation was not significantly different in obese or normal weight participants (20% and 15%, respectively; P = 0.32). Conversely, in obese participants with obesity starting in early adulthood (ie with BMI at age 25 above 26.9kg/m2 which represents the median of the whole obese group), the Pro12Ala mutation was observed significantly more frequently than in the normal weight controls (29% vs 15%; chi square = 4.5, P < 0.05; odds ratio 2.4; 95% CI 1.03-5.36). No association of the Pro12Ala variant with any of the component of the metabolic syndrome measured in the study was observed in either obese, juvenile obese or normal weight participants. Results of this study indicate that the Pro12Ala mutation does not play a major role as a determinant of severe obesity and/or features of the metabolic syndrome in the general population. However, this mutation may be of greater importance as a contributor to early onset obesity.
    International Journal of Obesity 09/2000; 24(9):1195-9. · 5.39 Impact Factor
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    Diabetes Care 08/2000; 23(7):1026-7. DOI:10.2337/diacare.23.7.1026 · 8.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of the Pro12Ala mutation in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ2 with severe obesity and the features of the metabolic syndrome in a population-based sample of Caucasians.PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The study is based on a case–control design: 95 non-diabetic severely obese (body mass index, BMI>35 kg/m2) cases and 280 normal weight (BMI
    International Journal of Obesity 01/2000; 24(9):1195-1199. DOI:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801366 · 5.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma is a major regulator of adipogenesis and insulin sensitivity. The PPAR-gamma gene generates two isoforms through alternative splicing, PPAR-gamma1 and -gamma2, the latter having an additional stretch of 28 amino acids at its NH2-terminus in the ligand-independent activation domain. This extension renders PPAR-gamma2 more sensitive to insulin action. Since there is a Pro12Ala substitution in this domain, we tested whether it is related to type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance. Therefore, 131 type 2 diabetic patients and 312 normoglycemic control subjects were screened for the presence of the mutation and for major clinical and metabolic features. The frequency of the mutation did not differ significantly between diabetic patients and control subjects. BMI, insulin, and other metabolic and anthropometric variables were also not associated with the mutation. Although the study was carried out on a sufficiently large sample, the conclusions do not support a major role for the Pro12Ala substitution of the PPAR-gamma gene in the etiology of type 2 diabetes.
    Diabetes 08/1999; 48(7):1466-8. DOI:10.2337/diabetes.48.7.1466 · 8.47 Impact Factor
  • Haematologica 07/1999; 84 Suppl EHA-4:61-3. · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The angiotensin-converting enzyme gene insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism might be involved in the development of several cardiovascular diseases, but its role in humans remains controversial. To investigate the relation between the angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism and extent of blood pressure elevation in arterial hypertension, taking into account the influence of cardiovascular risk factors. We studied 171 patients (aged 49 +/- 9 years, 61 women) with abnormal clinic and 24 h ambulatory blood pressures, after a 3-week wash-out. We found no significant difference in clinic and ambulatory blood pressures among homozygotic D (DD), heterozygotic D (ID) and homozygotic I (II) angiotensin converting enzyme genotypes and between homozygotic D (DD) and pooled heterozygotic D (ID) plus homozygotic I (II) (non-DD) angiotensin converting enzyme genotypes. At least one additional cardiovascular risk factor (smoking, hypercholesterolaemia or diabetes) was present for 103 patients (33 DD and 70 non-DD). Non-DD subjects (n = 43) without additional cardiovascular risk factors exhibited lower values of 24 h, daytime systolic and pulse blood pressures than did members of all other groups (all P < 0.04). In the presence of risk factors, DD and non-DD subjects exhibited similar systolic and pulse ambulatory blood pressures, in that we found higher values in non-DD genotype subjects with risk factors than we did for non-DD subjects without additional risk factors. In multivariate analysis, the combination of non-DD genotype and absence of cardiovascular risk factors was associated with the lowest values of systolic and pulse blood pressures. Angiotensin converting enzyme insertion allele appears clustered with lower ambulatory systolic and pulse blood pressures in hypertensive patients when the potential interference of additional cardiovascular risk factors is eliminated. A high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in population studies might blunt a possible biological association of blood pressure with DD genotype by contributing to raising of blood pressures also in subjects with non-DD genotypes.
    Journal of Hypertension 08/1998; 16(7):985-91. DOI:10.1097/00004872-199816070-00012 · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether oxidized LDL enhances atherogenesis by promoting monocyte recruitment into the vascular intima, we investigated whether LDL accumulation and oxidation precede intimal accumulation of monocytes in human fetal aortas (from spontaneous abortions and premature newborns who died within 12 h; fetal age 6.2+/-1.3 mo). For this purpose, a systematic assessment of fatty streak formation was carried out in fetal aortas from normocholesterolemic mothers (n = 22), hypercholesterolemic mothers (n = 33), and mothers who were hypercholesterolemic only during pregnancy (n = 27). Fetal plasma cholesterol levels showed a strong inverse correlation with fetal age (R = -0.88, P < 0.0001). In fetuses younger than 6 mo, fetal plasma cholesterol levels correlated with maternal ones (R = 0.86, P = 0.001), whereas in older fetuses no such correlation existed. Fetal aortas from hypercholesterolemic mothers and mothers with temporary hypercholesterolemia contained significantly more and larger lesions (758,651+/-87,449 and 451,255+/-37,448 micron2 per section, respectively; mean+/-SD) than aortas from normocholesterolemic mothers (61,862+/-9,555 micron2; P < 0.00005). Serial sections of the arch, thoracic, and abdominal aortas were immunostained for recognized markers of atherosclerosis: macrophages, apo B, and two different oxidation-specific epitopes (malondialdehyde- and 4-hydroxynonenal-lysine). Of the atherogenic sites that showed positive immunostaining for at least one of these markers, 58.6% were established lesions containing both macrophage/foam cells and oxidized LDL (OxLDL). 17.3% of all sites contained only native LDL, and 13.3% contained only OxLDL without monocyte/ macrophages. In contrast, only 4.3% of sites contained isolated monocytes in the absence of native or oxidized LDL. In addition, 6.3% of sites contained LDL and macrophages but few oxidation-specific epitopes. These results demonstrate that LDL oxidation and formation of fatty streaks occurs already during fetal development, and that both phenomena are greatly enhanced by maternal hypercholesterolemia. The fact that in very early lesions LDL and OxLDL are frequently found in the absence of monocyte/macrophages, whereas the opposite is rare, suggests that intimal LDL accumulation and oxidation contributes to monocyte recruitment in vivo.
    Journal of Clinical Investigation 01/1998; 100(11):2680-90. DOI:10.1172/JCI119813 · 13.77 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis 10/1997; 134(1-2):81. DOI:10.1016/S0021-9150(97)88483-3 · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis 10/1997; 134(1):193-193. DOI:10.1016/S0021-9150(97)89005-3 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Usual purification procedures of LDL and Lp(a) require numerous, extensive and prolonged sample handlings: this greatly increases the possibility of spontaneous oxidation. We have developed a method which, making use of two short-run ultracentrifugations in vertical rotors alternated by two rapid column-chromatography steps (SRUC), significantly shortens the preparation time to 3.5 h (LDL) and does not demand additional instrumentation or particular accuracy. Purification of Lp(a) requires a further wheat germ agglutinin chromatographic step, which can be accomplished within 30 min. More importantly, the method significantly reduces spontaneous oxidation as compared with classical isolation procedures. LDL isolated by the standard sequential method exhibits more extensive apolipoprotein B100 degradation, lipid peroxidation, and endogenous antioxidant (vitamin E) loss than the same lipoproteins obtained by means of the SRUC. This procedure may have be particularly valuable in experiments evaluating the effects of oxygen radical-induced modifications, especially in vitro.
    Journal of Biochemistry 07/1997; 121(6):1096-101. DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a021700 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Familial hypercholesterolemia was the first genetic disorder recognized to cause myocardial infarction. Patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia have rapidly progressive coronary atherosclerosis with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, or sudden death at a young age. Selective apheresis on dextran sulfate cellulose columns reduces mortality and may induce regression of coronary lesions. These patients have both increased levels and prolonged circulation residence time of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which is not removed by cellular receptor. LDL oxidation may play a pivotal role in atherogenesis. LDL undergoes oxidation before being taken up by macrophages and then transformed into arterial wall foam cells. The aim of this study was to investigate LDL oxidation in eight homozygous patients with familial hypercholesterolemia during repeated LDL apheresis. LDL lipid peroxidation, estimated by conjugated-diene absorbance at 234 nm, lipid peroxides, and malondialdehyde showed an increased resistance against oxidation after repeated LDL apheresis. This phenomenon was also observed in the oxidative indexes of protein moiety of LDL (apolipoprotein-B100 fragmentation, trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid reactivity, and electrophoresis agarose mobility). Similarly, cholesteryl esterification was decreased after LDL apheresis. Thus selective LDL apheresis not only decreases the pool of LDL, but it also induces changes that render LDL less susceptible to oxidation. This phenomenon might contribute to reduce coronary atherosclerosis and thus mortality of these particular patients.
    American Heart Journal 06/1997; 133(5):585-95. DOI:10.1016/S0002-8703(97)70155-8 · 4.56 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Hypertension 04/1997; 10(4). DOI:10.1016/S0895-7061(97)88663-3 · 3.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been implicated in atherogenesis. An increased content of oleic acid in LDL and the substitution of monounsaturated for polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diet reduce LDL oxidation. With 1H-NMR analysis, all LDL modifications, including the production of copper-induced aldehyde products, can be evaluated simultaneously. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the fatty acid composition of LDL affected the NMR evaluation of aldehyde compounds. The LDL of the samples utilized were rich in oleic fatty acid (26.9%). After 48 h of exposure to copper sulfate, the mean production of malonyldialdehyde (MDA) by LDL was 31.2 nmol/mg of protein. Moreover, in the present study NMR did not reveal large amounts of peroxidative compounds since the nanomolar amounts of MDA produced after exposure to copper sulfate could not be detected. This study also demonstrated that the fatty acid composition (i.e. the oleic:linoleic acid ratio) must be taken into account in the evaluation of LDL peroxidation by NMR. In particular, a high concentration of oleic acid may limit the formation of large amounts of peroxidative compounds generated after exposure to the oxidant copper sulfate.
    Clinica Chimica Acta 03/1997; 258(2):193-200. DOI:10.1016/S0009-8981(96)06461-3 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the relationship between the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene I/D polymorphism, blood pressure (BP) and family history of hypertension, 133 hypertensive subjects (mean age 50 +/- 9 years, 78 males, 55 females) were selected according to both casual supine BP > 140/90 mmHg and ambulatory BP > 134/88 mmHg. Drug treatment was discontinued 2 weeks before entering the study. Subjects with myocardial ischemia, as well as those with "white coat" hypertension, were excluded. The study population was subclassified according to age < or = 50 years. Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene, and the DD genotype was analysed twice. The frequencies of the I and D allele were 42 and 58%, and the distribution of the ID+ II and DD genotypes were 69 and 31% respectively. No significant relation was found among ACE genotypes (DD vs ID+ II) and casual systolic or diastolic BP as well as ambulatory BP, both in the whole study population and in the subpopulation < 50 years old. No difference was found also in the distribution of dippers and no dippers, as well as in the distribution of subjects with a positive family history in the whole sample and hypertensives < 50 years old.
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 10/1996; 41(10):995-1000.
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    ABSTRACT: Moderate elevation of total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) has been reported as an independent risk factor for thrombotic vascular disease, a well-known multifactorial disorder. Possible genetic causes of elevated tHcy include defects of the sulfur-containing amino acids metabolism due to deficiencies of cystathionine Î-synthase, of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), and of the enzymes of cobalamin metabolism. An impaired activity of MTHFR due to a thermolabile form of the enzyme has been observed in â¤28% of hyperhomocysteinemic patients with premature vascular disease. More recently, the molecular basis of such enzymatic thermolability has been related to a common mutation of the MTHFR gene, causing a C-to-T substitution at nt 677 (677CâT). This mutation was found in 38% of unselected chromosomes from 57 French Canadian individuals. The homozygous state for the mutation was present in 12% of these subjects and correlated with significantly elevated tHcy. Preliminary evidence indicates that the frequency of homozygotes for the 677CâT mutation may vary significantly in populations from different geographic areas. 5 refs., 2 tabs.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 08/1996; 59(1):262-4. · 10.99 Impact Factor
  • Fibrinolysis 05/1996; 10:36-36. DOI:10.1016/S0268-9499(96)80694-1
  • Fibrinolysis 05/1996; 10:33-34. DOI:10.1016/S0268-9499(96)80686-2

Publication Stats

1k Citations
102.54 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002
    • University of Naples Federico II
      • Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 2001
    • Università degli Studi del Sannio
      • Faculty of Sciences
      Benevento, Campania, Italy
  • 1996
    • IRCCS Ospedale Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza
      Giovanni Rotondo, Apulia, Italy