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ABSTRACT: Pelvic autonomic nerve preservation (PANP) with lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) has been introduced in rectal cancer surgery in Japan; however, its indication has not been standardized yet.
Forty-four patients with advanced lower rectal cancer were randomized to either the standard treatment group (control group) or the intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) group. All patients underwent potentially curative resection of the rectum with total mesorectal excision. The control group underwent bilateral LLND and limited PANP. The IORT group underwent bilateral LLND, complete PANP, and IORT. Patients allocated to the IORT group received IORT to the bilateral preserved pelvic nerve plexuses. Patients' clinicopathologic parameters, postoperative complications, voiding function, and prognosis were compared between the two groups.
Among 44 patients enrolled, three patients were excluded from the analysis, resulting in 19 patients in the IORT group and 22 patients in the control group. Patients' demographic and pathological parameters and postoperative complications were well balanced between the two groups. Oncological outcomes including overall and disease-free survival were also similar. Local recurrence was observed in one patient in each group. Among the 34 patients not complicated with intrapelvic abscess, the mean duration of urinary catheter indwelling was 8 days in the IORT group and 13 days in the control group (p = 0.055). In the long term, medication for urination was necessitated in four patients in the control group, whereas in none in the IORT group (p = 0.059).
Oncological outcomes in the IORT group are equal to those in the control group, and voiding functions in the IORT group are superior to those in the control group. These results suggest that IORT may be useful to expand the indication of complete PANP with LLND for advanced lower rectal cancer.
Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 04/2008; 393(2):173-80. · 1.89 Impact Factor
Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 07/2007; 65 Suppl 6:491-4.
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ABSTRACT: The present study characterized glial cell injury provoked in adult rat chiasm within 24 hours after a single, high-dose irradiation of 20 Gy.
All chiasmal glial cells in a section were counted, and the percentage of TUNEL-positive glial cells exhibiting apoptotic morphology was defined as the apoptotic rate.
Numbers of apoptotic cells increased significantly (p<0.0001) from 3 to 8 hours after exposure, but returned to baseline levels by 24 hours. Little evidence of apoptosis was observed in non-irradiated chiasms. Similar patterns of increase in apoptotic rate were observed in the genu of the corpus callosum, but the extent was significantly lower (p=0.047) in the optic chiasm, with a maximal rate of 1.9%. Immunohistochemically, apoptotic cells were positive for CNP, a marker for oligodendrocytes.
These data indicate that chiasmal irradiation induces limited, but significant apoptotic depletion of the oligodendroglial population, and may participate in the development of radiation-induced optic neuropathy.
Neurological Research 06/2005; 27(4):346-50. · 1.18 Impact Factor