Dong-Ryeol Ryu

Ewha Womans University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (26)77.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To date, only a few large-scale studies have measured the effect of dialysis modality on mortality in Asian populations. Here, we sought to compare survival between incident hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients using the Korean Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service database. This enabled us to perform a population-based complete survey that included 32,280 incident dialysis patients and followed them for a median of 26.5 months. To reduce biases due to nonrandomization, we first matched 7049 patient pairs with similar propensity scores. Using the log-rank test, we found the mortality rate in PD patients was significantly higher than that in HD patients. Subsequent subgroup analyses indicated that in older patients (55 years and older), with the exception of the subgroup of patients with no comorbidities and the subgroup of patients with malignancy, PD was consistently associated with a higher mortality rate. In younger patients (under 55 years), regardless of the covariates, the survival rate of PD patients was comparable to that of HD patients. Thus, while the overall mortality rate was higher in incident PD patients, mortality rates of some incident PD and HD patients were comparable in Korea.Kidney International advance online publication, 7 May 2014; doi:10.1038/ki.2014.163.
    Kidney International 05/2014; · 7.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the proportion of the elderly patients with incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients has been increasing in Korea, there has been a lack of information on outcomes of dialysis treatment. This study aimed to assess the survival rate and to elucidate predictors for all-cause mortality among elderly Korean patients initiating dialysis. We analyzed 11,301 patients (6,138 men) aged 65 years or older who had initiated dialysis from 2005 to 2008 and had followed up (median, 37.8 months; range, 3-84 months). Baseline demographics, comorbidities and mortality data were obtained using the database from the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. The unadjusted 5-year survival rate was 37.6% for all elderly dialysis patients, and the rate decreased with increasing age categories; 45.9% (65∼69), 37.5% (70∼74), 28.4% (75∼79), 24.1% (80∼84), and 13.7% (≥85 years). The multivariate Cox proportional hazard model revealed that age, sex, dialysis modality, the type of insurance, and comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, dementia, chronic pulmonary disease, hemiparesis, liver disease, and any malignancy were independent predictors for mortality. In addition, survival rate was significantly higher in patients on hemodialysis compared to patients on peritoneal dialysis during the whole follow-up period in the intention-to-treat analysis. Survival rate was significantly associated with age, sex, and various comorbidities in Korean elderly patients initiating dialysis. The results of our study can help to provide relevant guidance on the individualization strategy in elderly ESRD patients requiring dialysis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86776. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) experience excess mortality compared with the general population, the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for Korean patients on dialysis has not yet been investigated. In this study, we evaluated the SMR among all Korean ESRD patients on maintenance dialysis in 2009 and 2010, and compared it according to age categories, sex, and dialysis modality. Methods We used data from all patients on maintenance dialysis between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2010 in Korea using the database of the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, and the SMR was determined by calculating of the ratio between the number of actual deaths and expected deaths. Results A total of 45,568 patients in 2009 and 48,170 patients in 2010 were included in the analysis. The overall age- and sex-adjusted SMR was 10.3 [95% confidence interval (CI), 10.0–10.6] in 2009 and 10.9 (95% CI, 10.7–11.2) in 2010. The SMR for females was much higher than for males. The SMR gradually decreased with increasing age groups. The overall SMR for maintenance hemodialysis patients was lower than that of peritoneal dialysis patients. Conclusion The SMR among Korean ESRD patients is likely to be higher than in other countries. Further evaluation is needed to attempt to improve the outcomes.
    Kidney Research and Clinical Practice. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are treated with hemodialysis (HD) frequently complain about hoarseness after completion of each HD session. The HD treatment affects laryngeal volume and muscle function. This study attempted to evaluate the vocal effect of HD by acoustic and aerodynamic analysis and to determine the difference between voice change group (VCG) and nonvoice change group (NVCG). A total of 55 patients (34 females and 21 males) diagnosed with ESRD and undergoing outpatient HD were enrolled. The subjects were divided into the VCG (n=13) and NVCG (n=42) by the change of the Korean Voice Handicap Index score. Patients underwent weighing and acoustic, aerodynamic analysis before and after the HD. Fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, noise-to-harmonics ratio (NHR), pitch range, habitual pitch, voice energy, and maximal phonation time (MPT) were obtained. The pre- and post-HD data were compared using paired t test. The results were compared after dividing the total group into the VCG and NVCG categories. Correlation between the change of the weight and change of the voice analysis result was certified by Pearson correlation coefficient. The F0 and habitual pitch increased in all subjects. The NHR and MPT parameters significantly decreased (P<0.05). In the NVCG group, all the results were same as the total group. In the VCG group, the NHR result differed from the total group. All acoustic parameters showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups. There was no correlation between the weight change (%) and the change of acoustic parameter results. The NVCG group of patient displayed improvement in NHR, whereas the VCG group showed no change. Weight change did not significantly correlate with the voice analysis results.
    Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation. 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Blood pressure control is the most established practice for preventing the progression of chronic kidney disease. Evidence addressing blood pressure control status or nocturnal blood pressure dipping in Korean hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease is scarce. We recruited 1317 hypertensive patients (chronic kidney disease stages 2-4, median age 58) from 21 centers in Korea. These patients underwent office and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. High office and ambulatory blood pressure were defined as >140/90 mm Hg and >135/85 mm Hg (daytime)/ >120/70 mm Hg (nighttime), respectively. The blood pressure control status was as follows: true controlled (19%), white-coat (4.3%), masked (33.9%) and sustained uncontrolled (42.3%) hypertension. The dipping status was as follows: extreme-dipping (14.9%), dipping (33.3%), non-dipping (34.5%) and reverse-dipping (17.3%). Masked and sustained hypertension as well as non-dipping/reverse-dipping was more apparent in proportion to renal dysfunction and the extent of proteinuria. Ageing (58 years), male gender, obesity, diabetic nephropathy and proteinuria (>300 mg g(-1) Cr or dipstick proteinuria1+) were independently associated with sustained uncontrolled hypertension. Diabetic nephropathy, old age, a history of stable angina/heart failure, advanced renal dysfunction and higher proteinuria levels were also significantly associated with non-dipping and reverse-dipping. Half of Korean chronic kidney disease patients had uncontrolled blood pressure and a non-dipping nocturnal blood pressure pattern. Future studies are warranted to assess the predictive values of ambulatory blood pressure for cardiorenal events in Korean chronic kidney disease patients.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 19 September 2013; doi:10.1038/hr.2013.127.
    Hypertension Research 09/2013; · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 03/2013; 28(2):254-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Vascular access failure, a major cause of morbidity in hemodialysis (HD) patients, occurs mainly at stenotic endothelium following an acute thrombotic event. Microparticles (MPs) are fragments derived from injured cell membrane and are closely associated with coagulation and vascular inflammatory responses.Methods We investigated the relationship between levels of circulating MPs and vascular access patency in HD patients. A total of 82 HD patients and 28 healthy patients were enrolled. We used flow cytometry to measure endothelial MPs (EMPs) identified by CD31+CD42− or CD51+ and platelet-derived MPs (PMPs) identified by CD31+CD42+ in plasma samples of participants. Vascular access patency was defined as an interval from the time of access formation to the time of first access stenosis in each patient. MP counts were compared according to access patent duration.ResultsThe levels of EMP (both CD31+CD42− and CD51+) and CD31+CD42+PMP were significantly higher in patients than in healthy participants. Levels of CD31+CD42−EMP and CD31+CD42+PMP showed a positive correlation. In non-diabetic HD patients, CD31+CD42−EMPs and CD31+CD42+PMPs were more elevated in the shorter access survival group (access survival <1 year) than in the longer survival group (access survival ≥ 4 years).Conclusion Elevated circulating EMP or PMP counts are influenced by end-stage renal disease and increased levels of EMP and PMP may be associated with vascular access failure in HD patients.
    Kidney Research and Clinical Practice. 03/2012; 31(1):38–47.
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    ABSTRACT: We have hypothesized that non-dipper status and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are associated with the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in non-diabetic hypertensive patients. This study included 102 patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and echocardiography were performed at the beginning of the study, and the serum creatinine levels were followed. During the average follow-up period of 51 months, CKD developed in 11 patients. There was a significant difference in the incidence of CKD between dippers and non-dippers (5.0% vs 19.0%, P < 0.05). Compared to patients without CKD, patients with incident CKD had a higher urine albumin/creatinine ratio (52.3 ± 58.6 mg/g vs 17.8 ± 29.3 mg/g, P < 0.01), non-dipper status (72.7% vs 37.4%, P < 0.05), the presence of LVH (27.3% vs 5.5%, P < 0.05), and a lower serum HDL-cholesterol level (41.7 ± 8.3 mg/dL vs 50.4 ± 12.4 mg/dL, P < 0.05). Based on multivariate Cox regression analysis, non-dipper status and the presence of LVH were independent predictors of incident CKD. These findings suggest that non-dipper status and LVH may be the therapeutic targets for preventing the development of CKD in non-diabetic hypertensive patients.
    Journal of Korean medical science 09/2011; 26(9):1185-90. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT), a useful marker for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the general population, is significantly higher than the usual cut-off value in many end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients without clinically apparent evidence of AMI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of cTnT in ESRD patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Two hundred eighty-four ESRD patients with ACS were enrolled between March 2002 and February 2008. These patients were followed until death or June 2009. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. The cut-off value of cTnT for AMI was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. We calculated Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and potential outcome predictors were determined by Cox proportional hazard analysis. AMIs were diagnosed in 40 patients (14.1%). The area under the curve was 0.98 in the ROC curve (p<0.001; 95% CI, 0.95-1.00). The summation of sensitivity and specificity was highest at the initial cTnT value of 0.35 ng/mL (sensitivity, 0.95; specificity, 0.97). Survival analysis showed a statistically significant difference in all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities for the group with an initial cTnT ≥0.35 ng/mL compared to the other groups. Initial serum cTnT concentration was an independent predictor for mortality. Because ESRD patients with an initial cTnT concentration ≥0.35 ng/mL have a poor prognosis, it is suggested that urgent diagnosis and treatment be indicated in dialysis patients with ACS when the initial cTnT levels are ≥0.35 ng/mL.
    Yonsei medical journal 07/2011; 52(4):595-602. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) serves as the physiologic counterbalance to the renin-angiotensin system. This study was conducted to examine the changes in the expression of KKS components in podocytes under diabetic conditions and to elucidate the functional role of bradykinin (BK) in diabetes-associated podocyte apoptosis. Thirty-two rats were injected with either diluent (n = 16, C) or with streptozotocin intraperitoneally (n = 16, DM), and 8 rats from each group were treated with BK infusion for 6 weeks. Immortalized mouse podocytes were cultured in media containing 5.6 mmol/l glucose (NG), NG + 10(-7) mol/l AII (AII), or 30 mmol/l glucose (HG) with or without 10(-8) mol/l BK. Urinary albumin excretion was significantly higher in DM rats, and this increase was ameliorated by BK. Not only kininogen, kallikrein, and BK B1- and B2-receptor expression but also BK levels were significantly decreased in DM glomeruli and in cultured podocytes exposed to HG. The changes in the expressions of apoptosis-related molecules and the increase in the number of apoptotic cells in DM glomeruli as well as in HG- and AII-stimulated podocytes were significantly abrogated by BK. The suppressed KSS within podocytes under diabetic condition was associated with podocyte apoptosis, suggesting that BK may be beneficial in preventing podocyte loss in diabetic nephropathy.
    Apoptosis 03/2011; 16(5):478-90. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although various glomerular diseases in hantavirus infection have been reported, an association between hantavirus infection and crescentic glomerulonephritis has not been described. Herein, we report a case of immune complex-mediated crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 70-year-old man with Hantaan virus infection.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 05/2010; 25(8):2790-2. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: End-stage renal disease patients have a higher risk for developing cancer. Although several causes for this increased risk have been proposed, the risk factors for cancer development in this population have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine whether metabolic derangements, including insulin resistance and altered adipokines, increase the risk of developing malignancies in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, who are vulnerable to metabolic disorders because of excessive glucose absorbed from the dialysate. Study subjects comprised 106 nondiabetic PD patients who had been on PD for a minimum of 3 months with no overt malignancy. Baseline anthropometry, fasting glucose, insulin, and adiponectin were measured. The development of malignancy was evaluated during the follow-up period. During the mean follow-up of 47.0 ± 23.7 months, malignancy occurred in 15 patients (14.2%). The most common site of cancer was the kidney (26.7%), followed by thyroid (13.3%) and stomach (13.3%). Baseline insulin levels and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were significantly higher, whereas plasma adiponectin levels were significantly lower, in patients who developed malignancy. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that insulin levels, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and lower adiponectin were independent predictors of malignancy. These findings demonstrate that insulin resistance and lower adiponectin levels could be risk factors for malignancy in nondiabetic PD patients.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 03/2010; 60(1):121-6. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been increasing throughout the world over the last decade. Metabolic syndrome (MS) has been known to be an independent risk factor of CKD. However, both renal and metabolic diseases are experienced differently in men and women, and clinical implication of MS on CKD may be different according to gender. To understand the association between MS and CKD, we performed a cross-sectional study in non-institutionalized civilians using the data of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Of 37 769 participants, 5091 were available for the analysis of the prevalence of CKD (defined as dipstick proteinuria or a reduced GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). The prevalence of CKD was 8.9% (7.4% in men, 4.7% in premenopausal women and 20.1% in postmenopausal women) and MS was seen in 26.2% (24.9% in men, 13.9% in premenopausal women and 52% in postmenopausal women). The prevalence of CKD increased with ageing, in particular after sharply after the age of 50 in both genders. MS was a significant determinant of CKD; however, sub-analysis revealed that MS was a risk factor for CKD only in men under the age of 60 and in postmenopausal women. Neither MS per se nor individual components of MS were associated with CKD in men over the age of 60 and in premenopausal women. Differential effect of MS on CKD according to age and gender in our study may provide a clue to define the subject in need for more attention for the treatment of MS in terms of the development of CKD.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 09/2009; 25(2):469-77. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR) blocker reduces proteinuria in diabetic nephropathy (DN), but the role of aldosterone in podocyte injury has never been explored in DN. This study was undertaken to elucidate whether a local aldosterone system existed in podocytes and to examine its role in podocyte apoptosis under diabetic conditions. In vitro, immortalized podocytes were exposed to 5.6 mM glucose (NG), NG + 24.4 mM mannitol, and 30 mM glucose (HG) with or without 10(-7) M spironolactone (SPR). In vivo, 32 Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with diluent (C, n = 16) or streptozotocin intraperitoneally [diabetes mellitus (DM), n = 16], and 8 rats from each group were treated with SPR for 3 mo. Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and MCR mRNA and protein expression were determined by real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively, and aldosterone levels by radioimmunoassay. Western blot for apoptosis-related molecules, Hoechst 33342 staining, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay were performed to determine apoptosis. CYP11B2 and MCR expression were significantly higher in HG-stimulated podocytes and DM glomeruli compared with NG cells and C glomeruli, respectively, along with increased aldosterone levels. Western blot analysis revealed that cleaved caspase-3 and Bax expression was significantly increased, whereas Bcl-2 expression was significantly decreased in HG-stimulated podocytes and in DM glomeruli. Apoptosis determined by Hoechst 33342 staining and TUNEL assay were also significantly increased in podocytes under diabetic conditions. These changes in the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and the increase in apoptotic cells were inhibited by SPR treatment. These findings suggest that a local aldosterone system is activated and is involved in podocyte apoptosis under diabetic conditions.
    AJP Renal Physiology 09/2009; 297(5):F1381-90. · 4.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that an inflammatory mechanism contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). It is also known that colchicine (Col) can prevent various renal injuries via its anti-inflammatory action. However, the effect of colchicine on DN has never been explored. This study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of colchicine on inflammation and extracellular matrix accumulation in DN. In vivo, 64 rats were injected with diluent (C; n = 32) or streptozotocin intraperitoneally (DM, n = 32). Sixteen rats from each group were treated with Col. In vitro, rat mesangial cells and NRK-52E cells were cultured in media with 5.6 mM glucose (NG) or 30 mM glucose (HG) with or without 10(-8) M Col. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA expression was determined by real-time PCR (RT-PCR), and the levels of MCP-1 in renal tissue and culture media were measured by ELISA. RT-PCR and Western blotting were also performed for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and fibronectin (FN) mRNA and protein expression, respectively, and immunohistochemical staining (IHC) for ICAM-1, FN, and ED-1 with renal tissue. Twenty-four-hour urinary albumin excretion at 6 wk and 3 mo were significantly higher in DM compared with C rats (P < 0.05), and colchicine treatment significantly reduced albuminuria in DM rats (P < 0.05). Col significantly inhibited the increase in MCP-1 mRNA expression and protein levels under diabetic conditions both in vivo and in vitro. ICAM-1 and FN expression showed a similar pattern to the expression of MCP-1. IHC revealed that the number of ED-1(+) cells were significantly higher in DM compared with C kidney (P < 0.005), and this increase was significantly attenuated by Col treatment (P < 0.01). In conclusion, Col prevents not only inflammatory cell infiltration via inhibition of enhanced MCP-1 and ICAM-1 expression but also ECM accumulation in DN. These findings provide a new perspective on the renoprotective effects of Col in DN.
    AJP Renal Physiology 04/2009; 297(1):F200-9. · 4.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemokine that plays an important role in the recruitment of macrophages. Although previous studies have demonstrated the importance of MCP-1 in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in terms of inflammation, the role of MCP-1 and its receptor (C-C chemokine receptor 2; CCR2) in extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation under diabetic conditions has been largely unexplored. This study was undertaken to investigate the functional role of the MCP-1/CCR2 system in high glucose-induced ECM (fibronectin and type IV collagen) protein expression in cultured mesangial cells (MCs). Mouse MCs were exposed to medium containing 5.6 mM glucose (NG), NG+24.4 mM mannitol (NG+M), or 30 mM glucose (HG) with or without mutant MCP-1 (mMCP-1), CCR2 small interfering (si)RNA, or CCR2 inhibitor (RS102895). To examine the relationship between MCP-1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, MCs were also treated with TGF-beta1 (2 ng/ml) with or without mMCP-1 or CCR2 siRNA. Transient transfection was performed with Lipofectamine 2000 for 24 h. Cell viability was determined by an MTT assay, mouse and human MCP-1 and TGF-beta1 levels by ELISA, and CCR2 and ECM protein expression by Western blotting. Transfections of mMCP-1 and CCR2 siRNA increased human MCP-1 levels and inhibited CCR2 expression, respectively. HG-induced ECM protein expression and TGF-beta1 levels were significantly attenuated by mMCP-1, CCR2 siRNA, and RS102895 (P < 0.05). MCP-1 directly increased ECM protein expression, and this increase was inhibited by an anti-TGF-beta1 antibody. In addition, TGF-beta1-induced ECM protein expression was significantly abrogated by the inhibition of the MCP-1/CCR2 system (P < 0.05). These results suggest that an interaction between the MCP-1/CCR2 system and TGF-beta1 may contribute to ECM accumulation in DN.
    American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 06/2008; 295(3):F749-57. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal fibrosis (PF), a serious problem in long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, is characterized by extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation which results from an imbalance between the synthesis and the degradation of ECM components. Previous studies have demonstrated that ECM synthesis is increased in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) under high glucose conditions, but the effects of high glucose on degradative pathways have not been fully explored. This study was undertaken to elucidate the effects of high glucose on these proteolytic processes in cultured HMPCs. HPMCs were isolated from human omentum and were exposed to 5.6 mM glucose (NG), 5.6 mM glucose +34.4 mM mannitol (NG + M), or 40 mM glucose (HG) with or without PKC inhibitor (PKCi). Real-time PCR and western blot were performed to determine collagenases (MMP-1, -8 and -13) and TIMPs (TIMP-1 and -2) mRNA and protein expression, respectively. The individual activities of collagenases in culture media were determined by ELISA. Types I and III collagen protein expression were significantly increased in HG-conditioned media compared to NG media (P < 0.05). The MMP-1, -8 and -13/GAPDH mRNA ratios were significantly lower in HPMCs exposed to HG medium compared to NG cells by 64, 52 and 37%, respectively, and their protein expression by 76, 42 and 49%, respectively, in HG- vs NG-conditioned media. The activities of collagenases in HG-conditioned media were also significantly lower than those in NG media (P < 0.05). In contrast, HG significantly increased TIMPs mRNA ratios and protein expression in HPMCs. These changes in collagenase and TIMP expression induced by HG were abrogated upon pre-treatment with PKCi. In conclusion, impaired matrix degradation may contribute to ECM accumulation in PF.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 02/2008; 23(2):534-41. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is clinically characterized by proteinuria. Many studies tried to demonstrate a relationship between proteinuria and changes in nephrin in various forms of glomerular diseases including DN, but the results are not consistent. Glomerular hypertrophy occurs in DN, yet hypertrophy does not develop in all glomeruli concurrently. For investigation of the differences in nephrin expression according to glomerular size, glomeruli were isolated from 10 control and 10 streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats at 6 wk after the induction of diabetes by a sieving technique using sieves with pore sizes of 250, 150, 125, and 75 microm. Glomeruli then were classified into large glomeruli (LG; on the 125-microm sieve) and small glomeruli (SG; on the 75-microm sieve) groups. Glomerular volumes were determined using an image analyzer, and mRNA and protein expression was determined by real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. The mean volumes of diabetic LG (1.51 +/- 0.06 x 10(6) microm(3)) and control LG (1.37 +/- 0.05 x 10(6) microm(3)) were significantly higher than those of diabetic SG (0.94 +/- 0.03 x 10(6) microm(3)) and control SG (0.87 +/- 0.03 x 10(6) microm(3); P < 0.01). Nephrin mRNA expression was significantly reduced in the diabetic LG group compared with the diabetic SG and control glomeruli groups (P < 0.05). In contrast, nephrin mRNA expression was significantly higher in the diabetic SG group compared with the diabetic LG and control glomeruli groups (P < 0.05). Even after correction for 18s rRNA and Wilms' tumor-1 mRNA expression, the differences in nephrin mRNA expression remained significant. The expression of nephrin protein showed a similar pattern to the mRNA expression. In conclusion, these data suggest that the nephrin gene is differentially expressed according to glomerular size. Furthermore, more hypertrophied glomeruli with lesser nephrin expression may be responsible for albuminuria in the early stage of DN.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 09/2007; 18(8):2303-10. · 8.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most cases of hydronephrosis are caused by urinary tract obstruction. However, excessive polyuric syndrome rarely gives rise to non-obstructive hydronephrosis, megaureter, and a distended bladder. The authors report here on two cases of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) with severe bilateral hydronephrosis and megaureter. It is Interesting that the patients were symptomless except for their polyuria, and they both presented with bilateral hydronephrosis. Fluid deprivation testing revealed the presence of AVP resistant NDI. Gene analysis for these patients showed the AVP receptor 2 (V2R) missense mutations (Q225X and S126F), which have previously been reported on in other studies. We made the diagnosis of NDI by using a physiologic test, and we confirmed it by mutation analysis of the V2R gene.
    Yonsei Medical Journal 03/2006; 47(1):126-30. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peritonitis is the most common complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and the spectrum of organisms causing CAPD peritonitis is broad. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has recently broadened its diagnostic capabilities in infectious diseases. PCR can provide a sensitive method for identifying causative infectious organisms. To evaluate the usefulness of 23S bacterial ribosomal RNA amplification and direct sequencing for the detection of infectious organisms, we compared PCR with bacteriological culture for the analysis of dialysates from CAPD peritonitis patients. Thirty-two samples from CAPD peritonitis patients with current antibiotic use and control samples from 30 CAPD patients without peritonitis were examined by PCR with sequencing analysis and by conventional bacteriological culture. In addition, 95 culture-positive samples and 39 culture-negative samples from CAPD peritonitis patients before antibiotic treatment were analyzed by PCR assay. In the control samples from patients without CAPD peritonitis, false-positive rates were relatively rare: 3 of 30 in the PCR study and 2 of 30 in the culture study. Of the 134 CAPD peritonitis samples collected before antibiotic therapy, positive cultures were obtained in 70.9% (95/134) of them. In 75 of the culture-positive samples, the same microorganisms were confirmed by PCR assay, and the others showed discrepant results as compared with culture study. In 30 of the 39 culture-negative samples, microbial organisms were detected by PCR assay. Of the 32 samples from patients who developed CAPD peritonitis during antibiotic treatment, 17 (53.1%) were positive by PCR assay, and 5 (15.6%) were positive by culture. Our study suggests that broad-spectrum PCR with RNA sequencing can complement culture methods in the diagnosis of CAPD peritonitis, especially in patients with previous or current antibiotic use.
    American Journal of Nephrology 02/2006; 26(2):115-20. · 2.62 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

255 Citations
77.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Ewha Womans University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2011
    • Yonsei University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • The Institute of Kidney Disease
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2008
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea