Nobuyuki Inoue

Kitasato University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (20)25.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Fenestration-related massive aortic regurgitation is rare. The underlying mechanism is reported to be rupture of the fenestrated fibrous strand, and most ruptured cords have been reported in the bicuspid valve or in the right coronary cusp of the tricuspid aortic valve. We encountered a rare case of acute aortic regurgitation due to fibrous strand rupture in the fenestrated left coronary cusp. Preoperative echocardiography detected left coronary cusp prolapse, and operative findings revealed rupture of a fibrous strand in the left coronary cusp. For cases such as this, preoperative echocardiography would be useful for appropriate diagnosis.
    International heart journal. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) elicits a systemic inflammatory response. Our previous reports revealed that prophylactic sivelestat administration at CPB initiation suppresses the postoperative acute inflammatory response due to CPB in pediatric cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of sivelestat administration before CPB and at CPB initiation in patients undergoing pediatric open-heart surgery. Twenty consecutive patients weighing 5-10 kg and undergoing ventricular septal defect closure with CPB were divided into pre-CPB (n = 10) and control (n = 10) groups. Patients in the pre-CPB group received a 24 h continuous intravenous infusion of 0.2 mg/kg/h sivelestat starting at the induction of anesthesia and an additional 0.1 mg/100 mL during CPB priming. Patients in the control group received a 24-h continuous intravenous infusion of 0.2 mg/kg/h sivelestat starting at the commencement of CPB. Blood samples were tested. Clinical variables including blood loss, water balance, systemic vascular resistance index, and the ratio between partial pressure of oxygen and fraction of inspired oxygen (P/F ratio) were assessed. White blood cell count and neutrophil count as well as C-reactive protein levels were significantly lower in the pre-CPB group according to repeated two-way analysis of variance, whereas platelet count was significantly higher. During CPB, mixed venous oxygen saturation remained significantly higher and lactate levels lower in the pre-CPB group. Postoperative alanine aminotransferase and blood urea nitrogen levels were significantly lower in the pre-CPB group than in the control group. The P/F ratio was significantly higher in the pre-CPB group than in the control group. Fluid load requirement was significantly lower in the pre-CPB group.Administration of sivelestat before CPB initiation is more effective than administration at initiation for the suppression of inflammatory responses due to CPB in pediatric open-heart surgery, with this effect being confirmed by clinical evidence.
    Artificial Organs 04/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The low arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) after bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS) predicts poor prognosis. The venous oxygen saturation of inferior vena cava (SivcO2), as well as the pulmonary blood flow/systemic blood flow ratio (Q p/Q s) affects the SaO2. The purpose of this study is to determine whether SivcO2 or Q p/Q s should be increased to achieve better outcomes after BCPS. Forty-eight patients undergoing BCPS were included. Data of patients' age and body weight, SivcO2, Q p/Q s, pulmonary artery (PA) pressure and resistance, PA area index, morphology of ventricle, atrioventricular valve regurgitation, and history of PA plasty were collected. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses were used to investigate which of the factors most affected the SaO2 after BCPS. There was a significant correlation between SivcO2 and SaO2 (r = 0.771, P < 0.00001). There was no strong correlation between Q p/Q s and SaO2 (r = 0.358, P < 0.05). Stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that both SivcO2 (r = 0.49, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.37-0.62, P < 0.0001) and Q p/Q s (r = 11.1, 95 % CI 3.3-18.9, P = 0.007) most affected SaO2 after BCPS. Since the SivcO2 has a stronger correlation than Q p/Q s with SaO2, despite the fact that both raising Q p/Q s and raising cardiac output can increase SaO2, raising cardiac output should be considered prior to Q p/Q s to raise the SaO2 after BCPS.
    Heart and Vessels 11/2013; · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) elicits a systemic inflammatory response. The neutrophil elastase inhibitor sivelestat is known to suppress this systemic inflammatory response, which can eventually result in acute organ failure. The prophylactic effect of sivelestat on acute lung injury, especially in pediatric cardiac surgery, remains unclear. This prospective double-blind, randomized study evaluated the perioperative prophylactic effect of sivelestat in patients undergoing elective pediatric open heart surgery with CPB. Thirty consecutive patients, weighing 5-10 kg and undergoing open heart surgery with CPB, were assigned to sivelestat (n = 15) or control (n = 15) groups. From CPB initiation to 24 h after surgery, patients in the sivelestat group received a continuous intravenous infusion of 0.2 mg/kg/h sivelestat, whereas patients in the control group received the same volume of 0.9% saline. Blood samples were collected, and levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor alpha, polymorphonuclear elastase (PMN-E), C-reactive protein (CRP), as well as the white blood cell (WBC) count, platelet count, and neutrophil count (NC) were measured. PMN-E levels, IL-8 levels, WBC count, NC, and CRP levels were significantly lower, and platelet count was significantly higher in the sivelestat group, according to repeated two-way analysis of variance. The activated coagulation time was significantly shorter in the sivelestat group, similarly, blood loss was significantly less in the sivelestat group. In conclusion, Sivelestat attenuates perioperative inflammatory response and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing pediatric heart surgery with CPB.
    Artificial Organs 07/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) evokes activation of a systemic inflammatory response. Sivelestat has been used clinically to treat acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. This prospective, doubleblind, randomized study was designed to evaluate the effects of sivelestat in the perioperative period of elective pediatric open-heart surgery with CPB. Twenty-six consecutive pediatric patients weighing between 5 and 10 kg and undergoing open-heart surgery with CPB were divided into a sivelestat group (n = 13) and a control group (n = 13). The patients in the sivelestat group were administered a continuous intravenous infusion of 0.2 mg/kg/hour of sivelestat, and the patients in the control group were administered the same volume of 0.9% saline from the initiation of CPB to 24 hours after surgery. Blood samples were drawn for the measurement of cytokines, polymorphonuclear elastase (PMN-E), white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count (NC), and C-reactive protein (CRP). There were no significant differences in cytokine data between the two groups. The peak PMN-E and WBC levels were significantly increased in the control group (P = 0.049, P = 0.039). The WBC and NC levels immediately after surgery in the control group were significantly greater than those in the sivelestat group (P = 0.049, P = 0.044). The peak CRP level in the control group was significantly greater than the sivelestat group (P = 0.04), and the CRP level on postoperative day 4 in the control group was significantly greater than in the sivelestat group (P = 0.014). This study showed that sivelestat attenuates the perioperative inflammatory response in pediatric heart surgery with CPB.
    International Heart Journal 01/2013; 54(3):149-53. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: At our institution, the strategy for patients with bicuspid aortic valve, aortic valve stenosis (<5 mm), and aortic hypoplasia [hypoplastic aortic arch, coarctation of the aorta (CoA), or interrupted aortic arch (IAA)] with ventricular septal defects (VSDs) as well as normal left ventricular (LV) volume and mitral valve size consists of two parts. The Norwood operation is applied as the first palliation for this group of patients. Second, the decision whether the patients are to undergo the Rastelli operation or a univentricular repair is made depending on the size of the right ventricle after the Norwood operation. This study aimed to examine whether the aforementioned surgical strategy for this group of patients is adequate or not. Seven patients undergoing the Norwood operation as the first palliation for bicuspid aortic valve, aortic valve stenosis (<5 mm), and aortic hypoplasia with VSDs as well as normal LV volume and mitral valve size between February 2005 and March 2010 at Kitasato University Hospital and the Gunma Children's Medical Center were reviewed. Postoperative serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and central venous pressure (CVP) were measured in the patients undergoing the staged Norwood-Rastelli operation to assess whether the authors' right ventricular end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVI) cutoff (80 % of normal) is adequate. At this writing, all seven patients are alive after a mean follow-up period of 58.8 ± 17.8 months. They all had aortic valve stenosis of <5 mm and a bicuspid aortic valve. Four patients had a diagnosis of CoA with VSD, and three patients had IAA with VSD. Six patients underwent biventricular repair, and one patient had univentricular repair due to the small RVEDVI (74 % of normal). The patients with 80-90 % of normal RVEDVI had higher BNP and higher CVP than those with more than 90 % of normal RVEDVI after the Rastelli operation, whereas the patient undergoing the Fontan operation had a low BNP level. In conclusion, the described strategy for patients with severe aortic hypoplasia and aortic stenosis with VSD as well as normal LV and mitral valve size is reasonable.
    Pediatric Cardiology 12/2012; · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Nobuyuki Inoue, Norihiko Oka, Kagami Miyaji
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    ABSTRACT: A bridging bronchus (BB) is a rare congenital heart anomaly. Frequently, BB also is complicated with congenital cardiac malformation, especially with sling (retrotracheal) left pulmonary artery (SLPA). This report presents a patient who underwent a Norwood procedure for a complex congenital heart disease with BB and SLPA.
    Pediatric Cardiology 05/2012; · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A three-month-old girl weighing 4.2 kg, diagnosed with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and ventricular septal defect (VSD) was referred to us. She had normal-sized pulmonary annulus and moderate pulmonary regurgitation. Because her pulmonary valve was not suitable for systemic circulation due to valvular incompetence, the half-turned truncal switch operation was selected. The postoperative course was uneventful without left or right ventricular outflow obstructions over a year of follow-up. Our report demonstrated that the TGA and VSD with normal pulmonary annulus is not contraindicated for half-turned truncal switch operation.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 05/2011; 13(2):217-9. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) has been shown to provide cerebral circulatory support during Norwood procedure. In our institution, high-flow RCP (HFRCP) from the right innominate artery has been induced to keep sufficient cerebral and somatic oxygen delivery via collateral vessels. We studied the effectiveness of HFRCP to regional cerebral and somatic tissue oxygenation in Norwood stage I palliation. Seventeen patients, who underwent the Norwood procedure, were separated into two groups: group C (n=6) using low-flow RCP and group H (n=11) using HFRCP (mean flow: 54 vs 92mlkg(-1)min(-1), P<0.0001). The mean duration of RCP was 64±10min (range, 49-86min) under the moderate hypothermia. Chlorpromazine (3.0mgkg(-1)) was given to group H patients before and during RCP to increase RCP flow. The mean radial arterial pressure was kept <50mmHg during RCP. To clarify the effectiveness of HFRCP for cerebral and somatic tissue oxygenation, cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) and systemic venous oxygenation (SvO(2)) during RCP were compared between the two groups. Changes in the lactate level before and after RCP, and changes in the blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatinine kinase (CK) levels before and after surgery, were also compared between the groups. Mean rSO(2) was 82.9±9.0% in group H and 65.9±10.7% in group C (P<0.05). Mean SvO(2) during RCP was 98.2±4.3% in group H and 85.4±9.7% in group C (P<0.01). During RCP, lactate concentration significantly increased in group C compared with that in group H (P<0.001). After surgery, the LDH and CK levels significantly increased in group C compared with that in group H (P<0.05). Our study revealed that HFRCP preserved sufficient cerebral and somatic tissue oxygenation during the Norwood procedure. The reduction of vascular resistance of collateral vessels increased both cerebral and somatic blood flow, resulting in improved tissue oxygen delivery.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 04/2011; 40(5):1215-20. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The waffle procedure is performed in patients with marked thickening and calcification of the epicardium and no substantial improvement in hemodynamic parameters after pericardiectomy. We retrospectively investigated the efficacy of the waffle procedure in 6 of 11 patients who underwent pericardiectomy. These 6 patients showed no improvement in central venous pressure, pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, or cardiac index after pericardiectomy. After the waffle procedure, all hemodynamic parameters improved, and there were no significant differences compared to those of the 5 patients who did not require the waffle procedure, despite higher pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and lower cardiac index values preoperatively in the waffle group. The waffle procedure was considered effective in patients with persistent epicardial constriction.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 04/2011; 19(2):115-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative inflammatory response and perioperative systemic edema are the risks of failed Fontan circulation. We evaluated the efficiency of the miniaturized, poly-2-methoxyethylacrylate (PMEA)-coated cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit, which we devised in 2003, in the Fontan circulation. Thirty-seven patients who underwent the Fontan procedure between March 1996 and December 2006 were divided into two groups: one consisting of patients with a priming-volume >250 m on uncoated conventional bypass (group C; n = 20), and one consisting of those with miniaturized (<200 ml) and PMEA-coated circuits (group M; n = 17). We compared the body weight gain (%BWG), minimum platelet count, maximum postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP), and minimum hematocrit (Hct) levels during the operation, maximum white blood cell (WBC) count, and postoperative pleural effusion, between the two groups. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the most affecting factors. The %BWG and CRP levels were significantly lower in group M (P = 0.047 and P = 0.012, respectively). The minimum platelet count was significantly higher in group M (P = 0.012). There were no significant differences in postoperative pleural effusion, minimum Hct, or maximum WBC. The miniaturized biocompatible CPB system reduced perioperative inflammatory responses.
    Surgery Today 11/2010; 40(11):1040-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regional cerebral perfusion provides cerebral circulatory support during aortic arch reconstruction. We report the effectiveness of high-flow regional cerebral perfusion (HFRCP) from the right innominate artery to maintain sufficient cerebral and somatic oxygen delivery through collateral vessels. Frontal cerebral and thoracolumbar probes to measure somatic regional oxygen saturation (rSo(2)) were used to continuously measure oxygenation during cardiopulmonary bypass in 18 patients (weight, 2.1 to 4.3 kg) who underwent arch reconstruction using HFRCP (mean flow, 82; range, 43 to 108 ml/kg/min). Procedures included 9 Norwood procedures, 5 coarctation of aorta/interruption of aorta complex repairs, and 4 aortic arch repairs for a single ventricle. Mean HFRCP duration was 51 + or - 17 minutes under moderate hypothermia. Mean radial arterial pressure was kept at less than 50 mm Hg during HFRCP, and chlorpromazine (mean dose, 2.8 mg/kg) was given to all patients before and during HFRCP to increase regional cerebral perfusion flow. Plasma lactate concentration was measured before and after HFRCP. During HFRCP, mean cerebral rSo(2) was 78.8% + or - 9.5%, somatic rSo(2) was 65.4% + or - 12.1%, and lactate concentration increased from 3.8 + or - 2.2 to 5.5 + or - 2.1 mmol/L. There was significant correlation between regional cerebral perfusion flow and somatic rSo(2). Significant inverse correlations were noted between regional cerebral perfusion flow and the increase of lactate concentration and between somatic rSo(2) and the increase of lactate concentration. High-flow regional cerebral perfusion preserved sufficient cerebral and somatic tissue oxygenation during aortic arch repair. The reduction of vascular resistance of collateral vessels increased both cerebral and somatic blood flow, resulting in improved tissue oxygen delivery.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2010; 90(2):593-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Various techniques have been used for repair of ventricular septal perforation complicating inferior myocardial infarction, but no standard method has been established. An effective technique for closing ventricular septal perforation using double patches via a right atrial approach is described. In our experience, no residual shunt was observed after repair using this procedure.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 02/2010; 18(2):185-7.
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure - J CARD FAIL. 01/2010; 16(9).
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    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 11/2009; 139(6):e131-3. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whole blood transfusion generates an inflammatory response and may contribute to organ dysfunction following cardiopulmonary bypass. We established a miniaturized (minimum 140 mL) and biocompatible bypass system to reduce perioperative inflammatory responses and avoid blood transfusions. This study was designed to reveal the influences of stored red blood cell (RBC) transfusions on perioperative inflammatory responses in infants. Fifty-four consecutive patients weighing 4-10 kg who underwent surgical procedures for complex heart anomalies with asanguineous prime were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-two patients (40.7%) received RBC transfusions during CPB. The postoperative peak white blood cell count (p-WBC), peak neutrophil count (p-NC), and peak C-reactive protein (p-CRP) were compared for both patient groups. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses were used to investigate which of the factors most affected the perioperative inflammatory responses. The p-CRP and p-NC in patients with transfusion was significantly greater than those in patients without transfusion (CRP 8.1 +/- 5.1 versus 5.5 +/- 3.0 mg/dL, P < 0.05, p-NC 14.6 +/- 4.5 versus 12.0 +/- 4.0 x 1000/mm3, P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses showed that RBC transfusion most affected p-WBC (coefficient: 3.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.79-6.99, P = 0.015) and p-NC (coefficient: 3.64, 95% CI 0.87-6.40, P = 0.011). The RBC transfusions increased the perioperative inflammatory responses, compared to transfusion-free procedures, even when using a miniaturized biocompatible bypass with an asanguineous prime.
    International Heart Journal 09/2009; 50(5):581-9. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A one-day-old neonate who was diagnosed with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), aortic atresia, with a diminutive ascending aorta, and mitral atresia, was referred to us for cardiogenic shock because of excessive pulmonary blood flow. The patient underwent bilateral pulmonary artery banding (bPAB). After bPAB, the patient's hemodynamics were still unstable because of coronary malperfusion, to proceed to undergo Norwood procedure at the age of 3 days. In this case, the stenosis of the ascending aorta, just proximal to the innominate artery caused coronary ischemia. The precise evaluation of the ascending aorta is necessary to perform the bPAB for HLHS with diminutive ascending aorta. If there is a sign of stenosis of the ascending aorta, the Norwood procedure should be performed as the first stage palliation, even for high-risk HLHS patients.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 02/2009; 8(4):479-81. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children is associated with a capillary leak due to inflammatory response, which results in an increase in total body water. This study was designed to reveal that our miniaturized CPB system reduced the peri-operative systemic inflammatory response in small infants. In our institution, the priming volume has been reduced from 500 ml to 140 ml currently. Eighty consecutive patients weighing <5 kg were retrospectively reviewed. The postoperative peak C-reactive protein (CRP), body weight gain (%BWG), and the duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation (MVT) data were collected for each patient. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses were used to investigate which of the factors most affected the peri-operative inflammatory responses. A priming volume (coefficient: 0.060, P=0.01), most affected the postoperative peak CRP (mg/dl). A combination of priming volume (coefficient: 0.015, P=0.006), and bypass time (coefficient: 0.013, P=0.028), most affected %BWG (%). A combination of priming volume (coefficient: 0.05, P=0.001) and age (coefficient: -0.02, P=0.001) most affected the MVT (days). The miniaturized circuits reduced the peri-operative inflammatory response, resulting in reduced postoperative systemic edema, and postoperative mechanical ventilation time.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 02/2008; 7(1):75-8. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the hypothesis that higher cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during RCP is correlated with urinary output. Between December 2002 and August 2006, 12 patients aged 3 to 61 days and weighing 2.6 to 3.4 kg underwent aortic arch repair with RCP. Urinary output and rSO2 were analyzed retrospectively. Data were assigned to either of 2 groups according to their corresponding rSO2: Group A (rSO2 < or = 75%) and Group B (rSO2 < 75%). Seven and 5 patients were assigned to Group A and Group B, respectively.Group A was characterized by mean radial arterial pressure (37.9 +/- 9.6 vs 45.8 +/- 7.8 mmHg; P = 0.14) and femoral arterial pressure (6.7 +/- 6.1 vs 20.8 +/- 14.6 mmHg; P = 0.09) compared to Group B. However, higher urinary output during CPB (1.03 +/- 1.18 vs 0.10 +/- 0.15 ml.kg-1.h-1; P = 0.03). Furthermore our results indicate that a higher dose of Chlorpromazine was used in Group A (2.9 +/- 1.4 vs 1.7 +/- 1.0 mg/kg; P = 0.03). Higher cerebral oxygenation may provide higher urinary output due to higher renal blood flow through collateral circulation.
    Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 01/2008; 3:58. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children is associated with a capillary leak due to inflammatory response, which results in an increase in total body water. This study was designed to reveal that our miniaturized CPB system reduced the peri-operative systemic inflammatory response in small infants. In our institution, the priming volume has been reduced from 500 ml to 140 ml currently. Eighty consecutive patients weighing -5 kg were retrospectively reviewed. The postoperative peak C-reactive protein (CRP), body weight gain (%BWG), and the duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation (MVT) data were collected for each patient. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses were used to investigate which of the factors most affected the peri-operative inflammatory responses. A priming volume (coefficient: 0.060, Ps0.01), most affected the postoperative peak CRP (mgydl). A combination of priming volume (coefficient: 0.015, Ps0.006), and bypass time (coefficient: 0.013, Ps0.028), most affected %BWG (%). A combination of priming volume (coefficient: 0.05, Ps0.001) and age (coefficient: y0.02, Ps0.001) most affected the MVT (days). The miniaturized circuits reduced the peri-operative inflammatory response, resulting in reduced postoperative systemic edema, and postoperative mechanical ventilation time. 2008 Published by European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.