Zong-Hong Shao

Tianjin Medical University, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (89)8.08 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: TIM3, as a negative regulator of anti-tumor immunity, is highly expressed on LSCs, but not on normal HSCs. TIM3 on HSCs in MDS patients has not been clarified. Here, both the percentage TIM3 on HSCs and the MFI of TIM3+HSCs were higher in untreated MDS than control and were closed to AML, and excessive TIM3+HSCs was closely related to clinical parameters: WPSS score, karyotype analysis, morphologic blasts, the number of cytopenia involving hematopoietic lineages, anemia and granulocytopenia. TIM3+HSCs expressed lower CD11b, TpoR, EpoR, G-CSFR and Annexin V, and higher CD71 and GATA2. TIM3+HSCs displayed aberrant differentiation, overproliferation and decreased apoptosis. TIM3 might be a promising marker for identifying malignant clone cells in MDS and a candidate for targeted therapy.
    Leukemia Research. 01/2014;
  • Xi-Feng Dong, Lan-Zhu Yue, Rong Fu, Zong-Hong Shao
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    ABSTRACT: A case with 17-year detailed illness history including evolution of polycythemia vera (PV) to myelofibrosis (MF) and then biphenotype acute leukemia (BAL) was reported. Ten years of PV followed by seven years of MF and then BAL, the patient experienced a classical "complete course" of myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN). High WBC counts as well as low Hb and platelet counts in MF phase, long disease course, older than 50 years age, and positive JAK2 were her high risk factors of transformation from MPN to leukemia. Pancytopenia in her secondary MF phase responded well to the therapy of corticosteroids, which indicated that the immune mechanism was involved in the pathogenesis of MF. Progression of PV to MF and then BAL might be related to discontinuation of interferon-alpha because of poor tolerance.
    Clinical laboratory 01/2014; 60(3):495-9. · 0.92 Impact Factor
  • Si-Jie Zhao, Rong Fu, Zong-Hong Shao
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 11/2013; 34(11):984-7.
  • Zong-Hong Shao, Lan-Zhu Yue
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 10/2013; 93(40):3169-71.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the quantity and function of bone marrow (BM) T follicular helper(Tfh)cells of the cytopenic patients with positive bone marrow mononuclear cells(BMMNC)- Coombs test(also known as immuno-related pancytopenia, IRP), and explore the role of Tfh cells in the pathogenesis of IRP. Forty- three untreated IRP patients, 47 recovered IRP patients and 25 healthy donors were enrolled in this study. The percentages of Tfh cells, Tfh-related molecules ICOS, CD40L, IL-21 and Bcl-6 in BM were investigated by flow cytometry and semiquantitive RT-PCR. The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺/CD4⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(28.79±19.70)%] was significantly higher than that of recovered IRP patients [(21.15±12.81)% ] and normal controls([ 13.42±6.72)% ](P<0.05). The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ICOS⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(5.05±4.71)% ] was significantly higher than that of recovered IRP patients [(2.96±2.89)% ] and normal controls [(2.99±2.23)% ](P<0.05). The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺CD40L⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(5.87±4.14)%] and recovered IRP patients [(6.52±5.47)%] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(2.93±2.92)%](P<0.05). The ratio of intracytoplasm CD4⁺CXCR5⁺IL-21⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(8.20±7.41)% ] and recovered IRP patients [(6.30±6.03)% ] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(3.43±3.40)%](P<0.05). The relative expressions of Bcl-6 mRNA in BMMNC were 0.625±0.248, 0.485±0.253, 0.306±0.210 in three groups, respectively. The differences between untreated IRP patients, recovered IRP patients and normal controls were significant(P<0.05). There exists increased quantity and hyperfunction of Tfh cells in the IRP patients, they may play important role in the pathogenesis of IRP. Tfh cells and their related effector molecules could be a potential therapeutic target for the disease.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 07/2013; 34(7):606-609.
  • Chinese medical journal 07/2013; 126(13):2582-4. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a common cause of hyponatremia in hospitalized patients and is often described in patients with small-cell carcinoma of the lung. In this report, we described both Castleman's disease and lymphoma coexisting in one patient with SIADH. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Chinese woman with a history of diabetes mellitus and insulin therapy had severe hyponatremia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Through a series of examinations, common causes such as pulmonary carcinoma were excluded. An abdominal mass was detected by computed tomography. Although the peripheral lymph node biopsy showed the pathological result as Castleman's disease, the pathology of the abdominal lymph node revealed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. After chemotherapy, the hyponatremia was treated during a period of follow-up. CONCLUSION: This patient presented with the rare clinical condition of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion alongside Castleman's disease and lymphoma. Asymptomatic hyponatremia may persist for some time suggesting that clinical physicians should pay attention to the mild cases of hyponatremia. We also hypothesized that Castleman's disease is a condition of pre-lymphoma with both having the ability to cause SIADH. The possibility of lymphoma as well as Castleman's disease triggering the development of SIADH should also be taken into consideration for conducting recurrent biopsies.
    BMC Endocrine Disorders 06/2013; 13(1):19. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between the dendritic cell (DC) subsets and abnormal expression of transcription factors Gata-3 and T-bet in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). The plasmacytoid DC (pDC) and myeloid DC (mDC) of 33 ITP (16 untreated, 17 remitted) patients and 12 healthy controls were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM) . The expressions of Gata-3 mRNA and T-bet mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMNC) were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) .The levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) were measured by FCM in 33 ITP patients and 12 healthy controls. The percentage of pDC in PBMNC was 0.49% ± 0.18% in untreated and it was higher than that in remitted ITP patients (0.27% ± 0.17%) and in controls (0.32% ± 0.13%) (both P < 0.05). The percentage of mDC in PBMNC was 0.23% ± 0.17% in untreated, which was lower than that in remitted ITP patients (0.33% ± 0.18)% and in controls (0.31% ± 0.11%), but no statistic difference in mDC expression existed among 3 groups (P > 0.05). pDC/mDC ratios was (3.15 ± 2.01) in untreated ITP patients and it was higher than that in remitted ITP patients (0.81 ± 0.32) and in controls (1.07 ± 0.44) (both P < 0.05). The relative mRNA expression levels of Gata-3 were 2775 ± 489, 1357 ± 307 and 652 ± 165 respectively. And the expression of Gata-3mRNA in untreated group was higher than that in remission group or healthy controls (both P < 0.05). The relative mRNA expression levels of T-bet were 782 ± 394, 583 ± 176 and 576 ± 120. No statistic difference in T-bet expression existed among 3 groups (P > 0.05). Gata-3mRNA/T-bet mRNA ratio was (4.13 ± 1.69 ) in untreated group and it was higher than that of remission group (2.45 ± 0.69) or controls (1.15 ± 0.27) (both P < 0.05). The level of IL-4 in the untreated group was 9.14% ± 4.34% and it was higher than that of remission group (4.78% ± 1.69%) or controls (4.86% ± 1.41%). The level of IFN-γ in the untreated group was lower than that of controls (P < 0.05). Significant positive correlations existed between Gata-3 and pDC/mDC ratio (r = 0.585, P < 0.01). Significant positive correlations existed between Gata-3 and IL-4 ( r = 0.463, P < 0.05). The mechanism of ITP may be due to a disorder of DC subsets and a high expression of Gata-3.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2013; 93(22):1696-1699.
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    Yi-Hao Wang, Rong Fu, Zong-Hong Shao
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old woman with squamous cell carcinoma in the right lung was successfully treated with four cycles of combination chemotherapy after surgery, and complete remission was achieved. However, the patient developed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) RAEB-2 with myelofibrosis after remission, possibly because of chemotherapy or DNA methylation. The patient responded well to dacitabine (Dacogen), suggesting that DNA hypomethylation agents can be a promising therapy to retard the progression of a second tumor or carcinoma.
    Cancer biology & medicine. 06/2013; 10(2):117-20.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the inhibitory effects of tacrolimus (FK506) on effector T cells in vitro and examine the relationship between effector T cells and clinical features in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) to elucidate its immune mechanism. The CD8(+) HLA-DR(+) cells, sorted by immunomagnetic separation from bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) of 16 SAA patients, were cultured in different concentrations of interleukin-2 (IL-2) alone or with FK506 for 72 hours. The proliferation effect was measured with methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. The T lymphocytes were sorted from the SAA patients by lymphocyte separation medium and cultured alone or with IL-2 or with FK506 or FK506 plus cyclosporin A (CsA) for 18 hours. The expression of tumor necrosis factor-β (TNF-β) in CD8(+) HLA-DR(+) T cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. The relationship between the expression of TNF-β and the clinical data, including percentages of reticulocyte and lymphocytes in peripheral blood cell count and ratio of CD4(+) T cells and CD8(+)T cells, was also analyzed. At the concentration of IL-2 greater than or equal to 20 U/ml, the cell proliferation (A values, 0.538 ± 0.142) were significantly higher than that in the blank culture hole (0.505 ± 0.153) (P < 0.05). The A values significantly decreased (0.386 ± 0.124) after the addition of FK506 (P < 0.05). Compared with control group, the expression of TNF-β was significantly higher in IL-2 group (73.36% ± 16.73% vs 66.61% ± 16.20%, P < 0.05), significantly lower in FK506 and FK506 plus CsA groups (P < 0.05). No significant differences existed between the FK506 and FK506 plus CsA groups (47.78% ± 20.09% and 42.23% ± 21.35%, P > 0.05). The expression of TNF-β in SAA was negatively correlated with the percentage of reticulocyte and the ratio of CD4(+) T cell and CD8(+) T cell, positively correlated with the percentage of lymphocyte in peripheral blood count (r = -0.86, -0.90, 0.77, all P < 0.05). IL-2 can enhance the proliferation and expression of TNF-β of CD8(+)HLA-DR(+)T cells from SAA patients. Such an effect is inhibited by FK506. And FK506 and FK506 plus CsA have similar effects.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2013; 93(20):1541-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the changes in telomere length and gene expression of complex shelterin (composed of 6 core components: TRF1, TRF2, POT1, TIN2, TPP1 and RAP1) in severe aplastic anemia (SAA). Bone marrow samples were obtained from 20 SAA patients and 10 normal controls. CD3(+)T cells were sorted by immunomagnetic separation. Telomere length was tested by Southern blot and the gene expressions of TRF1, TRF2, POT1, TIN2, TPP1 and RAP1 were detected by reverse transcription-PCR(RT-PCR). Telomeres of CD3(+)T cells were found significantly shorter in SAA untreated ((4.4 ± 1.1) kb, n = 9) and recovering groups((5.8 ± 1.0) kb, n = 11) than control group ((9.2 ± 3.3) kb, P < 0.05). Telomere length of CD3(+)T cells shortened with TH/S decreasing (r = 0.564, P = 0.029). The mRNA expression of POT1 decreased in untreated SAA patients (0.16(0.02-0.29)) and over-expressed in recovering patients (1.17(0.82-1.86), P < 0.05). The mRNA expression of RAP1 was significantly higher in untreated patients (4.14 (1.93-6.92)) than that in recovering group (0.87 (0.30-1.73) ) and controls (0.62 (0.45-4.07) , both P < 0.05). Changes in telomere length and shelterin gene expression occur in CD3(+)T cells of SAA patients and may be correlated with disease severity.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2013; 93(20):1533-6.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanisms underlying bone marrow damage by iron overload in pancytopenic patients with positive BMMNC-Coombs test (IRP). METHODS: Twenty-one iron overloading, 26 non-iron overloading IRP patients and 10 normal controls were enrolled in this study. The expressions of ROS, Bcl-2,Caspase-3 and apoptosis of BMMNC were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM). Antioxidants were added to iron overloading IRP BMMNC, and then the changes of indices above were detected by FCM. The number and apoptosis of T lymphocytes of IRP patients were also detected. RESULTS: ROS and apoptosis of BMMNC, myelocytes, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than that of non-iron overloading IRP ones and normal controls (P<0.05). The expressions of Bcl-2 on BMMNC, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly lower than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones (P<0.05). The levels of Caspase-3 on myelocytes, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones and normal controls (P<0.05). After treatment with antioxidants, the expressions of ROS, Caspase-3 and apoptosis of iron overloading IRP BMMNC significantly decreased, but opposite for Bcl-2. The percentages of CD4+ lymphocytes [(40.86±8.74)%] and CD4+/CD8+ (1.44±0.36) in PB of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than that of non-iron overloading IRP ones [(35.96±7.03)% and 1.14±0.37] and normal controls [(28.00±6.73)% and 0.79±0.21], respectively (P<0.05), as opposite for CD8+ lymphocytes (P<0.05). The apoptosis of CD8+ lymphocytes [(27.35±10.76)%] and the ratio of CD8+ apoptosis/CD4+ apoptosis (2.51±0.81) in BM of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones [(15.47±8.99)%] and normal controls (1.39±0.47), respectively (P<0.05). The apoptosis of erythrocytes and stem cells coated with auto-antibodies in BM of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP and normal controls. CONCLUSION: Mechanisms underlying bone marrow damage by iron overload might be through the follows: ①The increased ROS induced by excessive iron deposition affected the expressions of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2, which caused more BMMNC apoptosis; ②The abnormal number and ratio of T lymphocytes caused by iron overload aggravated the abnormality of immunity of IRP; ③Iron overload may increase the damage to erythrocytes and stem cells coated with auto-antibodies.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 05/2013; 34(5):430-434.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the expression level and mechanism of microRNA-223 and LMO2 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells and the mechnism. MicroRNA-223 mimics was transfected to increase the expression of MicroRNA-223 in the lymphocytes sorted by ficoll separation from the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) of ALL and CLL patients. MicroRNA-223 inhibitor was transfected to decrease the expression of the MicroRNA-223 in the lymphocytes of normal controls. Then the expression of the MicroRNA-223 and LMO2 in transfected lymphocytes before and after cultivating for 72 hours were detecfed by RT-PCR, the apoptosis and cell cycle of these cells were measured by flow cytometery. The results indicated that before the transfection, the expression of MicroRNA-223 in ALL and CLL cells was (433.11 ± 144.88), which was significantly lower than that in the norinal lymphocyte (949.59 ± 267.39); the expression of LMO2 was (807.10 ± 238.41), which was significantly higher than that in the normal lymphocytes (455.32 ± 176.83) (P < 0.05); after the transfection, the expreseion of MicroRNA-223 was (571.86 ± 142.00) in ALL and CLL cells, which was significantly higher than that before transfection (P < 0.05), but the expression of LMO2 was significantly lower than that before transfection (651.97 ± 230.12) (P < 0.05); in the normal control the expreseion of MicroRNA-223 obviously decreased (646.32 ± 172.93) (P < 0.05), the expression of LMO2 was significantly increased (541.27 ± 158.86.2) (P < 0.05). After transfection, the cell cycle G1/G2 phase and apoptosis changed in ALL and CLL cells. Before transfection the cell ratio in cell cycle G1/G2 phase was (94.75 ± 3.15)%, the cell ratio in S phase was (5.14 ± 3.12)%; after transfection the cell ratio in cell cycle G1/G2 phase was (97.03 ± 2.08)% and obviously increased (P < 0.05), the cell ratio in S phase was (2.97 ± 2.08)% and significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Before transfection the apoptosis rate was (54.47 ± 8.72)%, and obviously was higher than that after transfection (60.48 ± 8.81)%. And in the normal control, the cell ratio in G1/G2 phase was significantly higher than that after transfection [(96.73 ± 2.26)%, (94.55 ± 2.77)%, P < 0.05)], and the cell ratio in S phase was significantly increased [(3.25 ± 2.26)%, (5.45 ± 2.77)% (P < 0.05)]. The apoptotic rate in the ALL and CLL patients was significantly higher than that after the transfection [(54.47 ± 8.72)% vs (60.48 ± 8.81)%, respectively (P < 0.05)]. The apoptotic rate in the narnol control was significantly lower than that after the transfection [(59.02 ± 10.20)%, (51.96 ± 10.20)%, respectively (P < 0.05)]. It is concluded that the expression of MicroRNA-223 decreases, and the expression of LMO2 inceases in lymphocytic leukemia cells which leads to the lymphocytes over-proliferation and abnormal apoptosis, thus may be one of pathogenesis in lymphocytic leukemia.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2013; 21(3):556-561.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the relationship between erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) and autoantibodies-IgG/IgM (auto-Ab) on the membrane of erythropoietic cells of the patients with bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC)-Coomb's test(+) hemocytopenia (immunorelated pancytopenia (IRP)) and explore the probable autoantigens of auto-Ab in IRP. A total of 46 newly diagnosed IRP patients (15 with auto-Ab on erythropoietic cells and 31 without) and 18 healthy controls were enrolled. The EPOR expressions on their nuclear erythrocytes were tested with flow cytometry (FCM) to observe the relationship between EPOR and auto-Ab. EPOR mRNA was detected by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. Stat5 and P-Stat5 proteins in nucleated erythrocytes were measured by Western blot. EPOR expressions on nucleated erythrocytes membrane were re-tested after stripping autoantibodies with glycine buffer. (1) EPOR of auto-Ab(+) group (1.6% ± 0.9%)was significantly lower than that of auto-Ab(-) group (4.6% ± 4.1%, P < 0.01)and the latter was significantly higher than that of normal controls (2.3% ± 1.8%, P < 0.05). EPOR of IRP patients was inversely correlated with their auto-Ab (r = -0.543, P = 0.000). (2) EPOR mRNA of auto-Ab(+) group (0.68 ± 0.14)was significantly higher than that of auto-Ab(-) group (0.55 ± 0.12, P < 0.01) and normal controls (0.58 ± 0.12, P < 0.05). (3) Protein Stat5 of auto-Ab(+) group (1.45 ± 0.94) was significantly higher than that of normal controls (0.54 ± 0.36, P < 0.05). While P-Stat5 of auto-Ab(+) group (0.42 ± 0.18)was significantly lower than that of normal controls (0.85 ± 0.38, P < 0.05). (4) EPOR expression increased significantly after auto-Ab stripping. The auto-Ab of some IRP patients blocks or competitively inhibits EPOR on the membrane of erythropoietic cells. And EPOR may be one of autoantigens in IRP.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 10/2012; 92(38):2689-93.
  • Lei Huang, Rong Fu, Zong-Hong Shao
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2012; 33(10):884-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the function of dendritic cells (DC) of patients with immune related pancytopenia (IRP) and explore the role of DC in IRP. The expression of CD80 and CD86 on myeloid DC (mDC, Lin-HLA-DR(+) CD11c(+) cells) and plasmacytoid DC (pDC, Lin-HLA-DR(+) CD123(+) cells) of 65 IRP (37 untreated and 28 remitted) patients and 17 healthy controls were analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression of CD86 on pDC was (82.47 ± 13.17)% in untreated group and (60.08 ± 14.29)% in remission group, which were significantly higher than that of controls (47.95 ± 18.59)% (P < 0.05), while the expression in untreated group was higher than that of remission group (P < 0.05). The expression of CD80 on pDC was (6.31 ± 4.49)% in untreated group, which was significantly higher than that of remitted patients (3.09 ± 2.93)% and controls (2.33 ± 2.25)% (P < 0.05). The expression of CD86 on mDC was (97.06 ± 4.82)% in untreated group and (91.35 ± 12.20)% in control group, while the expression in untreated group was higher than that of control group (P < 0.05). The expression of CD80 on mDC was (6.20 ± 5.44)% in untreated group and (3.97 ± 3.24)% in remission group, which were significantly higher than that of controls (1.86 ± 1.73)% (P < 0.05). The expression of CD86 on pDC was negatively correlated to Th1/Th2 (r = -0.733, P < 0.05), it was positively correlated to the antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.283, P < 0.05) and the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.436, P < 0.05), while it was negatively correlated to the level of hemoglobin, platelets and white blood cells (r = -0.539, P < 0.05; r = -0.519, P < 0.05; r = -0.567, P < 0.05, respectively). The expression of CD80 on pDC was negatively correlated to the level of hemoglobin and platelets (r = -0.431, P < 0.05; r = -0.464, P < 0.05). The function of pDC in PB of IRP were strengthened, which was relevant to the immunopathogenesis of IRP.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2012; 33(10):865-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the expression of delta-like 1 (DLK1) gene in the bone marrow cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and to explore its molecular characteristics for the early diagnosis of MDS. The expression of DLK1 mRNA in the bone marrow cells of cases with MDS, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and normal control groups were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and were analyzed for clinical significance. Significantly higher expression of DLK1 mRNA was observed in the bone marrow cells of MDS patients (0.7342±0.3652) compared with the normal control group (0.4801±0.1759) (P<0.05). The expression of DLK1 mRNA had a positive correlation with the proportion of bone marrow blasts (r=0.467, P<0.05). Moreover, DLK1 mRNA expression was significantly increased as MDS progressed (P<0.05). Patients with abnormal karyotypes exhibited significantly higher expression of DLK1 mRNA (0.9007±0.4334) than those with normal karyotypes (0.6411±0.2630) (P<0.05). Subsequently, patients with highly expressed DLK1 (≥0.8) presented significantly higher malignant clone burden (0.4134±0.3999) than those with lower DLK1 expression (<0.8),(0.1517±0.3109), (P<0.05). The DLK1 gene was highly expressed in MDS patients, and was increased as MDS progressed. The expression of DLK1 mRNA was positively correlated with the proportion of the bone marrow blasts. A high expression of DLK1 gene suggested a higher malignant clone burden of MDS.
    Cancer biology & medicine. 09/2012; 9(3):188-191.
  • Lan-Zhu Yue, Zong-Hong Shao
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, there have been lots of progresses in the studies on red cell diseases in China, especially bone marrow failure diseases including immuno-related pancytopenia, aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and paroxymal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Numerous laboratory experiments as well as clinical researches have been carried out by Chinese hematologists, which brought about much clearer pathogenesis, more rational diagnosis methods and more effective therapies for red cell diseases.
    Chinese medical journal 08/2012; 125(15):2746-51. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of TET2 and DLK1 mRNA in bone marrow CD(3)(+) T cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and their clinical significance and to explore the potential mechanism of abnormal cell-mediated immunity. CD(3)(+) T cells were sorted by magnetic activated cell-sorting system. The expressions of TET2 and DLK1 mRNA in bone marrow CD(3)(+) T cells from 26 MDS patients and 16 healthy controls were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The expression of TET2 mRNA in CD(3)(+) T cells was down-regulated in the MDS patients by (0.16 ± 0.15) fold compared with the controls (P < 0.05). The expression of TET2 mRNA in CD(3)(+) T cells of MDS patients was positively correlated with serum complement C(3) (r = 0.404, P < 0.05). The expression of DLK1 mRNA in CD(3)(+) T cells was up-regulated in the MDS patients by (1.61 ± 0.88) folds compared with the controls (P < 0.05). Grouped by the chromosomes, the patients with chromosome abnormalities presented significantly higher DLK1 mRNA level than those with normal chromosomes [(1.45 ± 0.44) folds, P < 0.05]. The expression of DLK1 mRNA in CD(3)(+) T cells of MDS patients was positively correlated with the proportion of bone marrow blasts (r = 0.343, P < 0.05). The mRNA expression of TET2 in CD(3)(+) T cells of MDS patients was decreased while the mRNA expression of DLK1 was increased, which might decline the immune surveillance function. The findings would be useful for exploring the mechanism of immune tolerance.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 07/2012; 51(7):543-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the regulative factors on CD8(+)HLA-DR(+) T cells in the patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and examine the roles of these cells in the immunopathogenesis of SAA. CD8(+)HLA-DR(+) T cells were sorted from bone marrow mononuclear cells of 13 SAA patients from July 2011 to March 2012 by magnetic activated cell sorting system and were divided into 3 groups: interleukin 2 (IL-2) group (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1000 U/ml), cyclosporine A (CsA) group (addition of 400 ng/ml CsA in each IL-2-containing well),receptor antagonist group (addition of IL-2 receptor antagonist 8 µg/ml in each IL-2-containing well). Then cell proliferation rate was evaluated by MTT assay after a 72-hour culturing. Bone marrow mononuclear cells of the SAA patients were divided into CsA group, IL-2 group and control group and cultured for 18 hours and another 4 hours following the dosing of phorbol ester. The expression of tumor necrosis factor β (TNF-β) in CD8(+)HLA-DR(+) T cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. The cell proliferations of IL-2 wells at the concentrations of 10, 100 and 1000 U/L (0.36 ± 0.12, 0.41 ± 0.12, 0.46 ± 0.14) were significantly higher than those of the control wells (0.23 ± 0.11), CsA group (0.18 ± 0.05, 0.19 ± 0.00, 0.20 ± 0.04) and receptor antagonist group (0.18 ± 0.05, 0.17 ± 0.04, 0.18 ± 0.03, all P < 0.05). No statistic difference existed between CsA and receptor antagonist groups (P > 0.05). The expressions of TNF-β of CD8(+)HLA-DR(+)T cells of the IL-2 group were higher than those of the control group (64% ± 25% vs 46% ± 22%) whereas the CsA group (27% ± 20%) were lower than those of the control group (both P < 0.05). IL-2 can significantly stimulate the proliferation of CD8(+)HLA-DR(+) T cells and accelerate the in vitro secretion of TNF-β in SAA patients. The proliferation may be inhibited by CsA and receptor antagonist. And the expression of TNF-β is suppressed significantly by CsA.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2012; 92(24):1665-8.