Lymarie Maldonado-Báez

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Maryland, United States

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Publications (12)78.97 Total impact

  • Julie Donaldson, Lymarie Maldonado-Báez
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    ABSTRACT: Clathrin-independent endocytosis (CIE) mediates the internalization of many plasma membrane (PM) proteins involved in homeostasis, immune response, and signaling. CIE cargo molecules are internalized independent of clathrin, and dynamin, and modulated by the small G protein Arf6. After internalization the CIE cargo proteins either follow a default pathway of trafficking to lysosomes for degradation or follow a pathway where they are routed directly to the recycling endosomes for return to the PM. The selective endosomal sorting of molecules like CD44, CD98, and CD147, which are involved in cell-cell and cell-extracellular interactions, indicates that sorting mechanisms dictate the post-endocytic fate of CIE cargo proteins. In a recent study, we identified sorting signals that specify the endosomal trafficking of CIE cargo proteins and uncover a role for Hook1 as an endosomal cargo adaptor that routes CIE cargo to the recycling endosomes. Furthermore, we found that Hook1, microtubules, and Rab22a work in coordination to directly recycle the cargo and facilitate cell spreading. Here, we discuss our current view on the endosomal sorting of CIE cargo proteins and their molecular regulators.
    09/2013; 3(5). DOI:10.4161/bioa.26638
  • Lymarie Maldonado-Báez, Chad Williamson, Julie G Donaldson
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    ABSTRACT: Clathrin-independent endocytosis occurs in all cells and interest in this mode of cellular entry has grown. Although this form of endocytosis was first described for entry of bacterial toxins, here we focus our attention on the endogenous cell surface "cargo" proteins that enter cells by this mechanism. The cargo proteins entering by this mechanism are varied and include nutrient transporters, ion channels, cell adhesion molecules and proteins associated with the immune system. Despite the apparent lack of selection at the cell surface, we provide some examples of specific sorting of these cargo proteins after entry, leading to distinct itineraries and cellular fates.
    Experimental Cell Research 08/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2013.08.008 · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    Lymarie Maldonado-Báez, Nelson B Cole, Helmut Krämer, Julie G Donaldson
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    ABSTRACT: Many plasma membrane (PM) proteins enter cells nonselectively through clathrin-independent endocytosis (CIE). Here, we present evidence that cytoplasmic sequences in three CIE cargo proteins-CD44, CD98, and CD147-were responsible for the rapid sorting of these proteins into endosomal tubules away from endosomes associated with early endosomal antigen 1 (EEA1). We found that Hook1, a microtubule- and cargo-tethering protein, recognized the cytoplasmic tail of CD147 to help sort it and CD98 into Rab22a-dependent tubules associated with recycling. Depletion of Hook1 from cells altered trafficking of CD44, CD98, and CD147 toward EEA1 compartments and impaired the recycling of CD98 back to the PM. In contrast, another CIE cargo protein, major histocompatibility complex class I, which normally traffics to EEA1 compartments, was not affected by depletion of Hook1. Loss of Hook1 also led to an inhibition of cell spreading, implicating a role for Hook1 sorting of specific CIE cargo proteins away from bulk membrane and back to the PM.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 04/2013; 201(2):233-47. DOI:10.1083/jcb.201208172 · 9.69 Impact Factor
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    Biophysical Journal 01/2012; 102(3):8a. DOI:10.1016/j.bpj.2011.11.064 · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Yeast is a powerful model organism for dissecting the temporal stages and choreography of the complex protein machinery during endocytosis. The only known mechanism for endocytosis in yeast is clathrin-mediated endocytosis, even though clathrin-independent endocytic pathways have been described in other eukaryotes. Here, we provide evidence for a clathrin-independent endocytic pathway in yeast. In cells lacking the clathrin-binding adaptor proteins Ent1, Ent2, Yap1801, and Yap1802, we identify a second endocytic pathway that depends on the GTPase Rho1, the downstream formin Bni1, and the Bni1 cofactors Bud6 and Spa2. This second pathway does not require components of the better-studied endocytic pathway, including clathrin and Arp2/3 complex activators. Thus, our results reveal the existence of a second pathway for endocytosis in yeast, which suggests similarities with the RhoA-dependent endocytic pathways of mammalian cells.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 11/2011; 195(4):657-71. DOI:10.1083/jcb.201104045 · 9.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The bakers' yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae utilizes a high affinity Ca(2+) influx system (HACS) to survive assaults by mating pheromones, tunicamycin, and azole-class antifungal agents. HACS consists of two known subunits, Cch1 and Mid1, that are homologous and analogous to the catalytic α-subunits and regulatory α2δ-subunits of mammalian voltage-gated calcium channels, respectively. To search for additional subunits and regulators of HACS, a collection of gene knock-out mutants was screened for abnormal uptake of Ca(2+) after exposure to mating pheromone or to tunicamycin. The screen revealed that Ecm7 is required for HACS function in most conditions. Cycloheximide chase experiments showed that Ecm7 was stabilized by Mid1, and Mid1 was stabilized by Cch1 in non-signaling conditions, suggesting they all interact. Ecm7 is a member of the PMP-22/EMP/MP20/Claudin superfamily of transmembrane proteins that includes γ-subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels. Eleven additional members of this superfamily were identified in yeast, but none was required for HACS activity in response to the stimuli. Remarkably, many dozens of genes involved in vesicle-mediated trafficking and protein secretion were required to prevent spontaneous activation of HACS. Taken together, the findings suggest that HACS and calcineurin monitor performance of the membrane trafficking system in yeasts and coordinate compensatory processes. Conservation of this quality control system in Candida glabrata suggests that many pathogenic species of fungi may utilize HACS and calcineurin to resist azoles and other compounds that target membrane biosynthesis.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2011; 286(12):10744-54. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M110.177451 · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The formation of a primary endocytic vesicle is a dynamic process involving the transient organization of adaptor and scaffold proteins at the plasma membrane. Epsins and Eps15-like proteins are ubiquitin-binding proteins that act early in this process. The yeast epsins, Ent1 and Ent2, carry functional ubiquitin-interacting motifs (UIMs), whereas the yeast Eps15-like protein, Ede1, has a C-terminal ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain. Analysis of mutants lacking early endocytic adaptors reveals that the ubiquitin-binding domains (UBDs) of Ent2 and Ede1 are likely to function primarily to mediate protein-protein interactions between components of the early endocytic machinery. Cells that lack epsin and Ede1 UBDs are able to internalize activated, ubiquitinated receptors. Furthermore, under conditions in which epsin UIMs are important for receptor internalization, receptors internalized via both ubiquitin-dependent and ubiquitin-independent signals require the UIMs, indicating that UIM function is not restricted to ubiquitinated receptors. Epsin UIMs share function with non-UBD protein-protein interaction motifs in Ent2 and Ede1, and the Ede1 UBA domain appears to negatively regulate interactions between endocytic proteins. Together, our results suggest that the ubiquitin-binding domains within the yeast epsin Ent2 and Ede1 are involved in the formation and regulation of the endocytic network.
    Traffic 10/2009; 11(1):151-60. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0854.2009.01003.x · 4.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Internalization of diverse transmembrane cargos from the plasma membrane requires a similarly diverse array of specialized adaptors, yet only a few adaptors have been characterized. We report the identification of the muniscin family of endocytic adaptors that is conserved from yeast to human beings. Solving the structures of yeast muniscin domains confirmed the unique combination of an N-terminal domain homologous to the crescent-shaped membrane-tubulating EFC/F-BAR domains and a C-terminal domain homologous to cargo-binding mu homology domains (muHDs). In vitro and in vivo assays confirmed membrane-tubulation activity for muniscin EFC/F-BAR domains. The muHD domain has conserved interactions with the endocytic adaptor/scaffold Ede1/eps15, which influences muniscin localization. The transmembrane protein Mid2, earlier implicated in polarized Rho1 signalling, was identified as a cargo of the yeast adaptor protein. These and other data suggest a model in which the muniscins provide a combined adaptor/membrane-tubulation activity that is important for regulating endocytosis.
    The EMBO Journal 09/2009; 28(20):3103-16. DOI:10.1038/emboj.2009.248 · 10.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endocytosis of receptors at the plasma membrane is controlled by a complex mechanism that includes clathrin, adaptors, and actin regulators. Many of these proteins are conserved in yeast yet lack observable mutant phenotypes, which suggests that yeast endocytosis may be subject to different regulatory mechanisms. Here, we have systematically defined genes required for internalization using a quantitative genome-wide screen that monitors localization of the yeast vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)/synaptobrevin homologue Snc1. Genetic interaction mapping was used to place these genes into functional modules containing known and novel endocytic regulators, and cargo selectivity was evaluated by an array-based comparative analysis. We demonstrate that clathrin and the yeast AP180 clathrin adaptor proteins have a cargo-specific role in Snc1 internalization. We additionally identify low dye binding 17 (LDB17) as a novel conserved component of the endocytic machinery. Ldb17 is recruited to cortical actin patches before actin polymerization and regulates normal coat dynamics and actin assembly. Our findings highlight the conserved machinery and reveal novel mechanisms that underlie endocytic internalization.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 07/2009; 185(6):1097-110. DOI:10.1083/jcb.200811116 · 9.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The spatial and temporal regulation of the interactions among the approximately 60 proteins required for endocytosis is under active investigation in many laboratories. We have identified the interaction between monomeric clathrin adaptors and endocytic scaffold proteins as a critical prerequisite for the recruitment and/or spatiotemporal dynamics of endocytic proteins at early and late stages of internalization. Quadruple deletion yeast cells (DeltaDeltaDeltaDelta) lacking four putative adaptors, Ent1/2 and Yap1801/2 (homologues of epsin and AP180/CALM proteins), with a plasmid encoding Ent1 or Yap1802 mutants, have defects in endocytosis and growth at 37 degrees C. Live-cell imaging revealed that the dynamics of the early- and late-acting scaffold proteins Ede1 and Pan1, respectively, depend upon adaptor interactions mediated by adaptor asparagine-proline-phenylalanine motifs binding to scaffold Eps15 homology domains. These results suggest that adaptor/scaffold interactions regulate transitions from early to late events and that clathrin adaptor/scaffold protein interaction is essential for clathrin-mediated endocytosis.
    Molecular biology of the cell 08/2008; 19(7):2936-48. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E07-10-1019 · 5.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The yeast endocytic scaffold Pan1 contains an uncharacterized proline-rich domain (PRD) at its carboxy (C)-terminus. We report that the pan1-20 temperature-sensitive allele has a disrupted PRD due to a frame-shift mutation in the open reading frame of the domain. To reveal redundantly masked functions of the PRD, synthetic genetic array screens with a pan1DeltaPRD strain found genetic interactions with alleles of ACT1, LAS17 and a deletion of SLA1. Through a yeast two-hybrid screen, the Src homology 3 domains of the type I myosins, Myo3 and Myo5, were identified as binding partners for the C-terminus of Pan1. In vitro and in vivo assays validated this interaction. The relative timing of recruitment of Pan1-green fluorescent protein (GFP) and Myo3/5-red fluorescent protein (RFP) at nascent endocytic sites was revealed by two-color real-time fluorescence microscopy; the type I myosins join Pan1 at cortical patches at a late stage of internalization, preceding the inward movement of Pan1 and its disassembly. In cells lacking the Pan1 PRD, we observed an increased lifetime of Myo5-GFP at the cortex. Finally, Pan1 PRD enhanced the actin polymerization activity of Myo5-Vrp1 complexes in vitro. We propose that Pan1 and the type I myosins interactions promote an actin activity important at a late stage in endocytic internalization.
    Molecular Biology of the Cell 09/2007; 18(8):2893-903. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E07-05-0436 · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    Lymarie Maldonado-Báez, Beverly Wendland
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    ABSTRACT: Clathrin-dependent endocytosis allows cells to bring plasma membrane and extracellular molecules into the cell. Forming a clathrin-coated vesicle requires the sequential action of numerous factors, beginning with endocytic adaptors. Adaptors are thought to initiate the process in two ways: by selecting cargo for packaging into the vesicle and assembling the clathrin coat and other components necessary to shape the vesicle. Here, we review recent work focusing on the sequential and cooperative interactions of adaptors with their binding partners, and how adaptors contribute to initial stages of endocytic internalization. The regulation of adaptors might be a key step for controlling endocytosis, and thus aid in homeostasis and cell physiology.
    Trends in cell biology 11/2006; 16(10):505-13. DOI:10.1016/j.tcb.2006.08.001 · 12.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

363 Citations
78.97 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
      • Cell Biology and Physiology Center
      Maryland, United States
  • 2006–2012
    • Johns Hopkins University
      • Department of Biology
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States