Reuven Bergman

Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel

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Publications (199)753.52 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: : Bone involvement has been described in tumors with melanocytic differentiation such as melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy, and very rarely in cellular blue nevi and neurocristic cutaneous hamartoma. We present an unusual case of facial congenital melanocytic tumor that involved the underlying bones and maxillary sinus and led to unilateral blindness. A newborn with a large red bluish patch with peripheral brown and black macules overlying marked swelling on the left side of his face was presented. The tumor was shown by magnetic resonance imaging, scintigraphy, and histopathology to invade the underlying bones and maxillary sinus and to compress the left eyeball resulting in blindness. Histopathology, immunohistochemistry, morphometric computerized microscopy, molecular genetic mutation analysis, and fluorescent in situ hybridization studies were more congruent with a melanocytic nevus. An 8.5-year follow-up was uneventful, with spontaneous partial shrinkage of the tumor.
    The American Journal of dermatopathology. 09/2014;
  • The American Journal of dermatopathology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: IMPORTANCE Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a dominantly inherited disorder of connective tissue caused by mutations in the fibrillin 1 gene (FBN1). The most common skin finding in MFS is striae distensae. Particular individuals referred for suspected MFS who do not completely fulfill the MFS diagnostic criteria are classified as having a MASS phenotype. The acronym represents the following manifestations: a prolapsed mitral valve, myopia, aortic root enlargement, and skeletal and skin manifestations. Mutations in FBN1 have been shown to be associated in some cases with the MASS phenotype. Skin manifestations may be an important clue to the diagnosis of these disorders. OBSERVATIONS We studied a patient referred for unusual atrophic skin patches on the buttocks. Results of histopathological examination and electron microscopy demonstrated markedly abnormal elastic fibers. Subsequent medical genetics evaluation led ultimately to the diagnosis of the MASS phenotype and the discovery of an underlying FBN1 mutation. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Although the clinical suspicion and diagnosis of MFS and related disorders are usually established by its main associated clinical features, including ophthalmologic, skeletal, and vascular involvement, clinicians should be aware of the associated skin manifestations, including unusual atrophic patches with abnormal elastic fibers that can sometimes be the first noted sign of the genetic disorder.
    JAMA dermatology. 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Human amnion membrane (HAM) was suggested to be a superior antigenic substrate for immunoblotting in detecting autoantibodies of autoimmune bullous skin diseases.
    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 04/2014; 16(4):217-23. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Comèl-Netherton syndrome is a rare congenital autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital ichthyosis, hair shaft abnormalities and atopic diathesis. It is caused by mutations in SPINK5, which encodes the serine protease inhibitor LEKTI. Objectives: To delineate the spectrum of mutations carried by a series of Israeli patients in an attempt to establish an effective diagnostic strategy for this disease in Israel. Methods: Mutations were identified by direct sequencing of the entire coding sequence of SPINK5 and confirmed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results: Three mutations were identified in seven families, of which two were novel. All mutations were predicted to result in premature termination of protein translation. Conclusions: This report presents the first case series of patients affected with Comèl-Netherton syndrome in Israel and suggests that some mutations reoccur in a substantial portion of cases in our country, a fact that should be taken into consideration when designing molecular analysis in new cases. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Dermatology 02/2014; · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology 01/2014; · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP; MIM 173200) encompasses a spectrum of rare chronic papulosquamous inflammatory disorders, which have been classified into 6 subtypes(1) . Clinical features include palmoplantar keratoderma and follicular hyperkeratotic papules which coalesce into large, scaly, erythematous plaques, with frequent progression to exfoliative erythroderma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    British Journal of Dermatology 12/2013; · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most patients with neurosyphilis are considered asymptomatic. The diagnosis is challenging and the role of neuroimaging is not yet well established. The present study was conducted to focus on the clinical findings and further characterize the imaging features of the disease, along with a review of the pertinent literature. Six male patients with neurosyphilis based on abnormal cerebrospinal fluid findings, five of whom were asymptomatic at presentation, underwent cranial computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They also underwent a complete physical, neurological, and ophthalmological examination, with special attention paid to atherosclerotic vascular risk factors. In addition, all were examined for cardiac involvement using electrocardiography and cardiac ultrasound. The meticulous neurological and ophthalmological examination revealed abnormalities in five patients, most commonly cranial nerve involvement (three patients) and hemiparesis (two patients). The CT and MRI studies revealed abnormalities in five of the six patients, and in all six patients, respectively. The most common findings were brain infarcts, which were demonstrated in four of the six patients. MRI was found to be more sensitive than CT in detecting these brain infarcts, as expected. Vascular insult was the most common neuroimaging finding in our patients with neurosyphilis, probably due to meningovascular endarteritis. Neurosyphilis should always be considered in young patients with unexplained brain infarcts.
    International journal of dermatology 11/2013; · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction:Epidermal nevus syndrome is a rare group of disorders characterized by the combination of congenital epidermal nevi and extracutaneous features, including skeletal, neurological, ocular, and other systemic findings. We report a case of keratinocytic epidermal nevus syndrome that includes a thymoma, bone dysplasia, and hypophosphatemia with elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels associated with postzygotic HRAS mutation.Case Report:A 14-year-old boy was admitted due to recent limping. The physical examination revealed multiple right-sided linear epidermal nevi along Blaschko's lines. Magnetic resonance imaging showed cystic lesions in cervical bones and thymoma, and x-ray examination showed cystic lesions in the hands. Biochemical studies demonstrated severe hypophosphatemia, normocalcemia, high normal PTH, low 25-hydroxyvitamin D and low 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels. The serum FGF23 C-terminal level was normal, but the intact FGF23 level was found to be elevated. Genetic evaluation revealed a heterozygote mutation in the HRAS gene in both the keratinocytic epidermal nevus and thymoma but not in DNA extracted from blood lymphocytes, thus establishing the mutation as postzygotic.Discussion:Postzygotic mutations in HRAS lead to elevation of FGF23 levels, as found in mutated PHEX, FGF23, DMP1, and ENPP1 genes, which lead to hypophosphatemia.Conclusion:An identical postzygotic HRAS mutation was shown to be present in both keratinocytic epidermal nevus and thymoma and to be associated with bone lesions and hypophosphatemia due to elevated FGF23 levels. These may all be related to the HRAS mutation.
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 11/2013; · 6.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relative contribution of immunological dysregulation and impaired epithelial barrier function to allergic diseases is still a matter of debate. Here we describe a new syndrome featuring severe dermatitis, multiple allergies and metabolic wasting (SAM syndrome) caused by homozygous mutations in DSG1. DSG1 encodes desmoglein 1, a major constituent of desmosomes, which connect the cell surface to the keratin cytoskeleton and have a crucial role in maintaining epidermal integrity and barrier function. Mutations causing SAM syndrome resulted in lack of membrane expression of DSG1, leading to loss of cell-cell adhesion. In addition, DSG1 deficiency was associated with increased expression of a number of genes encoding allergy-related cytokines. Our deciphering of the pathogenesis of SAM syndrome substantiates the notion that allergy may result from a primary structural epidermal defect.
    Nature Genetics 08/2013; · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IMPORTANCE Bullous pemphigoid (BP) has been previously described to develop after vaccination in 26 patients. Immunoblotting or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), which were performed for 7 of these patients, have always shown circulating autoantibodies against BP180 and/or BP230 antigens. A case of anti-laminin-332 mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) that developed shortly after a diphtheria tetanus vaccination is described, with a review of the literature on postvaccination BP. OBSERVATIONS A 29-year-old man developed an acute eruption of oral and cutaneous blisters and erosions 2 days after receiving a diphtheria tetanus vaccination. The histopathological, immunohistochemical, immunofluorescent, ELISA, and immunoblotting assay results were compatible with anti-laminin-332 MMP. The serum autoantibodies reacted with the α3 and β3 subunits of laminin-332. The disease was controlled by administering a combination of glucocorticosteroids and dapsone. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE The development of acute MMP shortly after a diphtheria tetanus vaccination may have been serendipitous, a result of a nonspecific bystander activation of the immune system, or due to structural mimicry between domains of the toxoid molecule and a subunit of laminin-332.
    JAMA dermatology (Chicago, Ill.). 05/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is the term given to a complex and heterogeneous group of cornification disorders associated with mutations in at least eight distinct genes. Mutation distribution and prevalence rates are instrumental for the design of diagnostic strategies in ARCI but have not yet been systematically explored in the Israeli population. Previous data suggest that the demographic features specific to Middle Eastern populations, such as a high frequency of consanguineous marriages, may have an effect on the molecular epidemiology of genodermatoses. METHODS: We systematically assessed all families with ARCI presenting at our clinics over a period of 9 years, using a combination of homozygosity mapping, direct sequencing and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assays. RESULTS: In total, 20 families with ARCI were assessed, and causative mutations were identified in 7 genes: TGM1 (30% of patients), ALOX12B (20%), ABCA12 (5%), CYP4F22 (10%), ALOXE3 (10%), LIPN (5%) and NIPAL4 (5%) Two families (10%) had mutations mapped to an ARCI-associated locus on 12p11.2-q13, while no mutation was found for one additional kindred. In the subgroup of families of Arab Muslim origin, mutations were identified most frequently in ALOX12B and TGM1 (31%), whereas the other subgroups displayed a subtype distribution very similar to that previously reported in western populations. CONCLUSIONS: The present data point to the need for population-tailored mutation screening strategies in genetically heterogeneous genodermatoses, based on the relative prevalence of the disease subsets.
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 04/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis refers to a heterogeneous group of cornification disorders of major impact on patients' life. The disease has been linked so far to mutations in 8 distinct genes. We report a consanguineous family of Arab Muslim origin with several members displaying a severe form of congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. Using a panel of polymorphic microsatellite markers, we identified a region of homozygosity shared by all patients on 2q34, in a region harbouring the ABCA12 gene. Direct sequencing of genomic DNA derived from a patient failed to reveal any obviously pathogenic change in the coding sequence of this gene. In contrast, cDNA sequence analysis revealed the existence of a 163-bp-long deletion in exon 24, thus pointing to a splicing defect. Careful reanalysis of the genomic DNA sequence revealed apart from several known single-nucleotide polymorphisms, a hitherto unreported homozygous synonymous mutation in exon 24 (c.3456G>A; p.S1152S), which was found to lead to the formation of a novel splicing acceptor site. Synonymous mutations have been shown to uncommonly cause inherited disorders in humans. Here, we present the first example of a congenital form of ichthyosis resulting from such a genetic defect.
    Experimental Dermatology 04/2013; 22(4):251-4. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reactive angioendotheliomatosis (RAE) is a diagnostically challenging condition characterized by multiple possible clinical presentations, which makes diagnosis challenging. We present a rare case of RAE mimicking cellulitis in a 74-year-old woman with a valvular disease and also end-stage renal disease, for which she was being treated with haemodialysis.
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 03/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 02/2013; 68(2):342-3. · 4.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pustular psoriasis of pregnancy is a rare entity. Clinically, it is characterized by an acute eruption of erythematous plaques studded with pustules during the third trimester. It may be localized or may spread to become generalized. The rash may be accompanied by constitutional symptoms and followed by complications such as sepsis, tetany secondary to hypocalcemia, placental insufficiency, and fetal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are important. We present a case report of a patient who responded to corticosteroids and a review of the literature.
    Harefuah 10/2012; 151(10):555-7, 606.
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between acrokeratosis verruciformis (AKV) of Hopf and Darier disease (DD) has been debated for several decades. Both diseases are now thought to result from mutations in the same gene, that is, the ATP2A2 gene encoding the sarco (endo) plasmic reticulum Ca ATPase2 pump (SERCA2), although their histopathological features are different. We sought to detect possible overlapping histopathological features between AKV and DD. Fourteen members of a family affected by AKV were analyzed for the underlying molecular genetic derangement, and 3 cases were studied histopathologically using multiple step sections. A heterozygous P602L mutation in ATP2A2 was identified as the underlying cause in this family. This mutation and a heterozygous A698V were previously described in AKV. Both mutations were not among the 162 mutations in ATP2A2, which were reported to date in DD. The histopathological study demonstrated in several consecutive step sections of 2 of the 3 studied cases, foci of small suprabasal clefts with acantholytic keratinocytes, some of which were mildly dyskeratotic. These focal features were reminiscent of the basic histopathological characteristics of DD. These shared histopathological features of AKV with DD suggest that AKV and DD are allelic disorders with variable expression of the same disease, although identical mutations in ATP2A2 in AKV and DD were not reported to date.
    The American Journal of dermatopathology 08/2012; 34(6):597-601. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a severe autoimmune blistering disease caused by anti-epithelial antibodies, leading to disruption of cell-cell adhesion. Although the disease is exceedingly rare worldwide, it is known to be relatively prevalent in Jewish populations. The low prevalence of the disease represents a significant obstacle to a genome-wide approach to the mapping of susceptibility genes. We reasoned that the study of a genetically homogeneous cohort characterized by a high prevalence of PV may help exposing associated signals while reducing spurious results due to population sub-structure. We performed a genome-wide association study using 300K single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a case-control study of 100 PV patients of Jewish descent and 397 matched control individuals, followed by replication of significantly associated SNPs in three additional cohorts of Jewish, Egyptian, and German origin. In addition to the major histocompatibility complex locus, a genomic segment on 8q11.23 that spans the ST18 gene was also found to be significantly associated with PV. This association was confirmed in the Jewish and Egyptian replication sets but not in the German sample, suggesting that ST18-associated variants may predispose to PV in a population-specific manner. ST18 regulates apoptosis and inflammation, two processes of direct relevance to the pathogenesis of PV. Further supporting the relevance of ST18 to PV, we found this gene to be overexpressed in the skin of PV patients as compared with healthy individuals.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 03/2012; 132(7):1798-805. · 6.19 Impact Factor
  • International journal of dermatology 03/2012; 51(3):325-7. · 1.18 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Rheumatology 01/2012; 39(1):197. · 3.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
753.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1985–2013
    • Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
      • • Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine
      • • Rambam Medical Center
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 2005–2012
    • Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
      • • Dermatology
      • • Dermatology (Pediatrics)
      Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
    • Shaare Zedek Medical Center
      • Department of Radiology
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem District, Israel
  • 1999–2011
    • Tel Aviv University
      • Department of Dermatology
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1988–2011
    • Rambam Medical Center
      • • Department of Dermatology
      • • Department of Pathology
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 2009
    • Rabin Medical Center
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 2007–2008
    • The Rockefeller University
      • Laboratory of Investigative Dermatology
      New York City, NY, United States
    • University of Bonn
      • Institute of Human Genetics
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2003–2008
    • Ministry of Health (Israel)
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem District, Israel
  • 2006–2007
    • Bar Ilan University
      • Faculty of Life Sciences
      Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel
    • Bethlehem University
      Bayt Laḩm, West Bank, Palestinian Territory
  • 2002
    • Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
    • Thomas Jefferson University
      • Institute of Molecular Medicine
      Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 2000
    • Meir Medical Center
      Kafr Saba, Central District, Israel