ABSTRACT: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the impact of laparoscopic adrenalectomy on patients with incidentalomas. We analyzed the results of a multi-centre trial that was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of imaging (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) to obtain a correct preoperative diagnosis.
We obtained our data from the results of a questionnaire that was distributed by mail or email in May 2005 to several surgical units operating in the Campania Region, Italy. Lap Club, a collaborative laparoscopic surgery study group founded in Naples in 1995, distributed the questionnaire. Thirteen centres participated in the audit. In all, we analyzed 255 adrenalectomies performed on 250 patients. We performed statistical analysis using SPSS software.
The distribution of pathologic findings demonstrates that the number of lesions caused by cancer discovered from a preoperative indication of incidentaloma has been even smaller (1/114, 0.8%) than the previous numbers reported in the literature. Moreover, whereas most patients with adrenal cancer had lesions larger than 6 cm (7/8, 87.5%), the majority of patients with adrenal metastases had lesions 6 cm or smaller (10/12, 83.3%). Different indications for adrenalectomy emerged on comparison of endocrine surgery units with general surgery units. This difference appears to be significant (p < 0.001), especially on evaluation of the number of nonfunctioning adenomas and the number of endocrine lesions that were observed and treated.
Laparoscopy remains the gold standard method for adrenalectomy, but its availability must not obligate physicians to treat with surgery when an incidentaloma is detected through imaging. Adrenal malignancies when metastatic are often 6 cm or smaller. If they are single and they originated from a non-small lung cancer, they must be removed. The endocrine surgery unit remains the best setting to evaluate and treat adrenal gland surgical pathology.
Canadian journal of surgery. Journal canadien de chirurgie 12/2009; 52(6):E281-5. · 1.05 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is characterized by a higher incidence of iatrogenic biliary lesions. The Authors evaluate the role of hepaticojejunostomy in the treatment of iatrogenic biliary lesions following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 51 patients observed in the Campania region, Italy from 1991 to 2003.
The Authors report the data of a retrospective multicentric study of 51 patients -39 women (76.47%), 12 men (13.53%)-reoperated on for major biliary lesions following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Hepaticojejunostomy in 20 cases (39.21%) and T-Tube plasty in 20 cases (39.21%) were performed.
The mean follow-up was 25.01 months. The mean hospital stay was 25.7 days. 1/51 patients (1.9%) died from intraoperative incontrollable hemorrhage while cumulative postoperative mortality was 9.8% (5/51 patients). Therapeutic success rate of hepaticojejunostomy was 70% with a T-Tube plasty success rate of 65%. 9/51 patients (17.64%) were reoperated while in 4/51 (7.84%) a biliary stent was positioned. In 1/51 patients (1.9%) a biliary cirrhosis and in 3/51 (5.7%) a bioumoral cholestasis was observed.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes a higher incidence of iatrogenic biliary lesions. Hepaticojejunostomy gives better long-term results and lower morbidity compared to T-Tube plasty. Management of septic complications in patients with iatrogenic biliary lesions represents the first therapeutic step.
Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2008; 54(80):2328-32. · 0.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: An higher incidence rate of iatrogenic bile duct injuries is reported in cholecystectomy performed with the laparoscopy than with the laparotomy approach. The aim of this study was to provide a multicentre report on surgical treatment and the outcome of biliary complications during and following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A questionnaire was mailed to all surgeons with experience in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the Campania region. Data were collected from January 1991 to December 2003. Each patient was requested to indicate age, gender, associated diseases, site and type of lesion, surgical experience, diagnosis, treatment and complications. Twenty-six surgeons answered the questionnaire. Fifty-one patients (36 F/15 M; mean age: 42.5 +/- 11.9, range 13-91 years) with bile duct injuries following laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reported. The most frequent lesions were main bile duct partial or total transection. The intraoperative mortality rate was 1/51 (1.9%) due to a complex biliary and vascular injury. The postoperative mortality rate of revision surgery was 5/50 (10%). T-tube positioning (n = 20) and Roux-en-Y hepato-jejunostomy (n = 20) were the procedures most frequently performed. The complication rate in patients treated with the T-tube was significantly higher than in those treated with hepatico-jejunostomy. Surgical treatment of biliary injuries following laparoscopic cholecystectomy was characterized by unusually high mortality and morbidity for a non-neoplastic disease. Roux-en-Y hepato-jejunostomy remains the procedure of choice for these injuries.
Chirurgia italiana 57(4):417-24.