ABSTRACT: To compare toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with paired opposite clear corneal incisions (OCCIs) for astigmatism correction in patients having cataract surgery.
Ophthalmology Service, Donostia Hospital, San Sebastián, Spain.
This randomized prospective clinical study comprised eyes with more than 1.00 diopter (D) of preexisting corneal astigmatism. One group had AcrySof toric IOL implantation and the other, paired 2.75 mm/3.20 mm OCCIs in the steep axis with spherical IOL implantation. Uncorrected (UCVA) and best corrected (BCVA) visual acuity, refraction, corneal and total higher-order aberrations (HOAs), photopic and mesopic contrast sensitivity, and toric IOL axis were measured 3 months postoperatively.
Forty eyes (40 patients) were evaluated. In the toric group, 95% of eyes achieved 20/40 or better UCVA and 70%, 20/25 or better. In the OCCI group, 80% of eyes achieved 20/40 or better UCVA and 50%, 20/25 or better. All eyes achieved 20/25 or better BCVA. Mean refractive cylinder decreased significantly from preoperatively to postoperatively (-1.75 +/- 0.71 to -0.62 +/- 0.46 D, toric group; -1.61 +/- 0.67 to -0.97 +/- 0.51 D, OCCI group) (P<.01). In the toric group, 95% and 100% of eyes were within +/-0.50 D for J(0) and J(45), respectively. In the OCCI group, the percentages were 70% and 100%, respectively. No significant differences in HOA were found between groups (P>.1). Contrast sensitivity was similar except at the highest spatial frequency, being better in the toric group (P<.01).
Toric IOL implantation achieved a slight enhanced effect over OCCIs in treating preexisting astigmatism.
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery 03/2009; 35(3):451-8. · 2.75 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the results of AcrySof toric intraocular lens (IOL) (Alcon) implantation to correct preexisting astigmatism in patients having cataract surgery.
Ophthalmology Service, Donostia Hospital, San Sebastián, Spain.
This prospective observational study included 30 eyes of 15 consecutive patients with more than 1.00 diopter (D) of preexisting corneal astigmatism having cataract surgery. Bilateral implantation of the AcrySof toric IOL was performed after phacoemulsification. The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), residual refractive sphere, residual keratometric and refractive cylinders, and toric IOL axis were measured.
The UCVA was 20/40 or better in 93.3% of eyes and 20/25 or better in 66.6%. All eyes achieved 20/25 or better BCVA. The mean refractive cylinder decreased significantly after surgery from -2.34 D +/- 1.28 (SD) to -0.72 +/- 0.43 D (P<.01). Vector analysis of attempted versus achieved correction showed that 100% of eyes were within +/-1.00 D and 80% and 93.9% were within +/-0.50 D for J(0) and J(45), respectively. The mean toric IOL axis rotation was 3.63 +/- 3.11 degrees, with rotation less than 10 degrees in 96.7% of eyes.
The results indicate that phacoemulsification and posterior chamber AcrySof toric IOL implantation is an effective option to correct preexisting astigmatism in cataract surgery. The AcrySof toric IOL showed good rotational stability.
Journal of Cataract [?] Refractive Surgery 05/2008; 34(4):601-7. · 2.26 Impact Factor
Journal of Cataract [?] Refractive Surgery 03/2007; 33(2):177; author reply 177. · 2.26 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To compare the cost-effectiveness of different intra-ocular lens (IOL) materials (Hydrophobic acrylic, Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), Hydrophilic acrylic and Silicone) implanted after cataract surgery with reference to Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy and Nd:YAG-related complications in four European countries (France, Italy, Germany and Spain).
A retrospective review of 1,525 patients (eyes), aged 50 to 80 years, operated with phacoemulsification for cataract in 1996 or 1997 in 16 surgical centres (4 per country).
The study was conducted using a cost-effectiveness approach. Medical charts were reviewed to collect retrospective information during the 3-year period following cataract surgery in order to identify patients who underwent Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy post-operatively. Clinical data were combined with unit costs assessed by experts for Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy and their complications. A cost-effectiveness ratio (cost per patient without Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy intervention) was estimated in relation to each IOL material used in each of the four European countries.
Hydrophobic acrylic, specifically Acrysof, was the most cost-effective IOL material in all the countries except Germany where it was second. PMMA had the best ratio in Germany, was second in Spain and only third in Italy and France. Silicone was second in France and ranked third in the other countries, while hydrophilic acrylic had the worst ratio overall in all countries.
Cost-effectiveness ratios of hydrophobic acrylic (Acrysof) were better than those of other types of IOL materials used in most of the countries. Sensitivity analyses were performed to vary the base case analysis to demonstrate the economic importance of the assumptions. In all cases, hydrophobic acrylic IOL material was shown to be a highly cost-effective option.
Ophthalmic Epidemiology 11/2005; 12(5):343-51. · 1.45 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of Nd : YAG laser capsulotomy after cataract surgery according to the type of intra-ocular lens material (PMMA, silicone, hydrophilic acrylic, hydrophobic acrylic) implanted in four European countries (France, Italy, Germany, Spain).
A retrospective record review.
A review of 1525 patients (first operated eye), aged 50 to 80 years, operated on for cataract in 1996 or 1997 in 16 surgical centers (4 per country).
The study employed a retrospective cohort design. Charts were reviewed to collect information during at least a three-year period following cataract surgery to identify patients who underwent Nd : YAG laser capsulotomy postoperatively.
Data on the type of intra-ocular lens implanted was extracted from the patient notes, as was the date and outcome of the Nd : YAG laser intervention. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis with the time to Nd : YAG laser was performed on the data. RESULTS A total of 1525 patients (first operated eye) were available for the study (n = 294 for hydrophilic acrylic, n = 384 for PMMA, n = 421 for hydrophobic acrylic, n = 426 for silicone). There was a highly statistically significant difference between the IOL groups for the incidence of posterior capsule opacification (p < 0.001) and for Nd : YAG laser treatment (p < 0.001). The mean delay of Nd : YAG laser treatment from the date of cataract operation was 2.48 years (+/-1.70, ranging from 0 to 5.88 years). The rate of Nd : YAG laser capsulotomy over the follow-up period was lowest in the hydrophobic acrylic group (7.1%), followed by silicone (16.2%), PMMA (19.3%) and hydrophilic acrylic (31.1%), respectively.
A low incidence of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) and Nd : YAG laser treatment was detected in hydrophobic acrylic IOLs in comparison to three other types of IOLs implanted in a large cohort of persons with age-related cataract. Choice of IOL type may reduce the need for Nd : YAG laser treatment, although further research on the reasons for this is needed.
Ophthalmic Epidemiology 10/2004; 11(4):319-29. · 1.45 Impact Factor