[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although haemophilia is not considered among the classic causes of secondary osteoporosis, the present meta-analysis provides strong evidence that men with haemophilia have a significant reduction in both lumbar spine and femoral bone mineral density, which appears to begin in childhood.
Osteoporosis International 07/2014; 25(10). · 4.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Haemophilia A and B have been associated with increased prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD). However, the utility of bone turnover markers (BTM) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone metabolism in men with haemophilia and to investigate associations between BTM and bone disease. Serum N- (NTX-I), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase band-5b (TRAP-5b), as bone resorption markers, and osteocalcin (OC) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (b-ALP), as bone formation markers, were assessed. Seventy men with haemophilia A (n = 59) or B (n = 11) were studied. Patients with low BMD had significantly higher b-ALP concentrations compared with those with normal BMD (12.8 ± 1.60 vs. 9.72 ± 0.58 μg/L, P = 0.009), without any differences in the other BTM. NTX-I and CTX-I concentrations were negatively associated with oestradiol levels and hip BMD and positively with human immunodeficiency virus infection, number of affected joints and arthropathy scores. B-ALP and OC concentrations were negatively associated with hip BMD, severity of haemophilia and fracture history, and positively with the number of affected joints and testosterone concentrations. After multivariate analysis, NTX-I levels remained negatively associated with oestradiol levels, whereas b-ALP concentrations negatively correlated with the level of physical activity and positively with the number of affected joints. Increased bone metabolism exists in men with haemophilia and low BMD. Increased b-ALP levels may identify patients at high risk for fracture. Increased number of target joints, low physical activity and low oestradiol concentrations are independently associated with increased bone metabolism.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Conflicting data exist regarding the role of leptin in bone metabolism. The purpose of the present study was to investigate serum leptin concentrations in male patients with haemophilia A and B, a disease known to be associated with low bone mass.
Eighty-one male patients, aged 45.4 ±15 years, were screened. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN) and total hip (TH).
Low bone mass was diagnosed in 20 patients (24.7%). Serum leptin concentrations were strongly associated with body weight (r s = 0.457, p = 0.0001) and body mass index (BMI) (r s = 0.491, p = 0.0001). In unadjusted analysis leptin was inversely associated with BMD in LS (r s = -0.255, p = 0.023), but not in FN and TH (r s = -0.205, p = 0.068 and r s = -0.191, p = 0.090, respectively). However, after adjusting for BMI and body weight, leptin was inversely associated with BMD in FN (F 1,76 = 7.727, p = 0.007, β = -0.371, ΔR (2) = 0.089) and TH (F 1,76 = 4.533, p = 0.036, β = -0.290, ΔR (2) = 0.054), but not in LS (F 1,75 = 2.076, p = 0.154, β = -0.202, ΔR (2) = 0.026). No association was found between age, presence of HBV, HCV or HIV infection or alkaline phosphatase and leptin levels.
Our study showed a negative association between circulating leptin levels and bone mass in males, independently of body weight and BMI.
Archives of Medical Science 06/2013; 9(3):459-465. · 1.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Haemophilia A and B have been associated with increased prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD). However, no study has so far evaluated the effects of anti-osteoporotic therapy on BMD in haemophilia.The primary endpoint of this prospective study was to estimate the effect of 12-month therapy of oral ibandronate 150 mg/month on BMD in patients with haemophilia A and B. Secondary endpoint was its effect on turnover markers (BTM) of bone resorption [serum C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen (sCTX), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase band 5b] and bone formation (osteocalcin and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase. Ten adult patients with T-score < -2.5 SD or Z-score < -2 and/or increased risk of fracture according to FRAX model were included. All received 1,000 mg/day calcium carbonate with 800 IU/d cholecalciferol. Males with haemophilia A (n=7) or B (n=3) (mean age 43.5 ± 13.5 years) were studied. Ibandronate resulted in an increase in lumbar BMD (from 0.886 ± 0.169 to 0.927 ± 0.176 g/cm2, 4.7%, p=0.004). No change in BMD of total hip (from 0.717 ± 0.128 to 0.729 ± 0.153 g/cm2, p=0.963) or femoral neck (0.741 ± 0.135 to 0.761 ± 0.146 g/cm2, p=0.952) was noticed. Ibandronate led to a decrease in sCTX (from 0.520 ± 0.243 to 0.347 ± 0.230 ng/ml, -29.9%, p=0.042). No change was observed in other BTM. Ibandronate was generally well-tolerated. In conclusion, ibandronate significantly improved BMD in lumbar spine and reduced bone resorption in adults with haemophilia at increased risk of fracture. Its effect on hip BMD and bone formation markers was not significant.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 06/2013; 110(2). · 5.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Haemophilia A and B has been associated with increased prevalence of low bone mass (67-86%). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bone disease in haemophiliacs and its association with potential risk factors. Adult patients with haemophilia A and B followed-up in the Haemophilia Centre of Northern Greece were included. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH) and great trochanter (GT). One-hundred four male patients (aged 45.8 ± 15.1 years) and 50 controls (aged 44.9 ± 12.8 years) were screened. Low BMD was diagnosed in 28 patients (26.9%) and 10 controls (20%) (p=0.0001). Patients had lower BMD in TH (p=0.007), FN (p=0.029) and GT (p=0.008) than controls, without differences in LS. BMD was positively associated with the severity of haemophilia, history of herpes virus C or human immunodeficiency virus and level of physical activity, and negatively with the level of arthropathy. In multiple-regression analysis, only the level of physical activity and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] significantly predicted BMD. Half of the patients had vitamin D deficiency. In conclusion, our study showed increased prevalence of low BMD in haemophiliacs. The levels of physical activity and 25(OH)D independently predicted low BMD.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 03/2012; 107(3):545-51. · 5.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Foxp3(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) and Th17 cells accumulate synchronously at tumor sites during cancer progression, where their interplay is apparently affecting the efficiency of the antitumor response. In myelodysplastic syndromes, a hematopoietic malignancy of myeloid origin, Tregs are highly increased in the late stages of the disease (L-MDS), but the mechanisms driving Treg expansion and the interaction between Treg and Th17 cell dynamics are still unknown. We demonstrate that the proliferative capacity of Tregs is deficient during the early MDS stages (E-MDS), while in L-MDS it returns to normal levels. In addition, synchronously to Treg expansion, L-MDS patients exhibit increased numbers of functionally competent bone marrow IL-17(+) and FOXP3(+)/IL-17(+) cells, in contrast to E-MDS patients, where Th17 cells are significantly decreased and hypofunctional. Our findings suggest similar kinetics of Treg and Th17 cells between MDS and solid tumors, indicating a common immune pathogenetic pathway between diverse cancer types.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: Spur cell anemia (SCA) is a form of acquired hemolytic anemia seen in patients with advanced cirrhosis and particularly in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of spur cells and spur cell anemia in patients with advanced liver disease and to correlate the presence of spur cell anemia with survival.Methods: During a 33-month period, all patients with advanced cirrhosis (Child–Pugh–Turcott score [CPT]≥7] who were hospitalized in our department for various reasons were included in this study.Results: A total of 54 patients were included in the study; 26 patients had spur cells on peripheral blood smear (median 4, range 1–14). Patients with spur cells had more advanced liver disease compared with those without spur cells (CPT score, P < 0.0001 and MELD score, P < 0.0001), lower hemoglobin levels (P < 0.0001), higher bilirubin levels (total/unconjugated, P < 0.0001), higher reticulocyte count (P < 0.0001) and more prolonged international normalized ratio (INR; P < 0.0001). Patients with 5% spur cells or more had more advanced disease compared with patients with 1–4% spur cells (CPT score, P = 0.004 and MELD score, P = 0.003), lower hemoglobin levels (P = 0.033), more elevated bilirubin levels (total/unconjugated, P = 0.006) and more prolonged INR (P = 0.04). Three-month survival was lower in patients with spur cells compared with patients without spur cells (P = 0.017 and P = 0.104, respectively). Patients with 5% spur cells or more had lower 3-month survival compared with those with 1–4% spur cells (P = 0.014).Conclusion: Presence of spur cells in patients with advanced cirrhosis is not always accompanied by spur cell anemia. The presence of 5% spur cells or more and/or hemolytic anemia is associated with poor prognosis and these patients might have to be given priority for liver transplantation.
Hepatology Research 01/2010; 40(2):161 - 170. · 2.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 33-year-old female patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome because of polycythemia vera. A transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic shunt was performed because of refractory ascites 7 months after diagnosis. She had a stable hepatic function receiving anticoagulants until 3 years later when she presented with bloody diarrheas, liver function deterioration with prolonged prothrombin time and hypoalbuminemia, encephalopathy, and ascites. Colonoscopy revealed ulcerative pancolitis and the patient was treated with corticosteroids and antibiotics. Hepatic function was stabilized in parallel to controlling ulcerative colitis and the patient is in good health until now receiving maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis and anticoagulants for Budd-Chiari syndrome.
European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 02/2009; 21(1):109-13. · 1.66 Impact Factor