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Publications (6)1.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Due to a lack of data available at the national level, on smoking behaviour of hospital staff, a survey was carried out in a representative sample of hospitals. This survey, which will be repeated in the future, should enable to evaluate preventive actions at hospital and to measure the implication level of the hospital staff in tobacco prevention. The analysis of data collected among 3082 persons shows that a third of the hospital staff smokes. Among these persons a certain part smoke at their working place, this proportion is varying considerably with the working area in the hospital. The more this area is close to the patient the less is hospital staff smoking. More than one third of the interviewers (37.3%) think that trying to convince people to stop smoking is part of their role: this opinion varies considerably depending on the professional activity in the hospital. In addition a very large majority (81.4%) of the hospital staff considers that it has an exemplary role to play in front of patients. This belief is shared equally by all the different groups of staff. The smoking prevalence among hospital staff is equivalent to that of the general population; this underlines the need and the necessity to realize anti-tobacco campaigns among this health care population. Moreover since the exemplary role they have to play, is very well accepted, preventive actions could rely on a good level of participation.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 02/1998; 15(1):79-87. · 0.50 Impact Factor
  • D Grizeau, F Baudier, H Allemand
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    ABSTRACT: The French Committee for Health Education has observed the adolescent's opinions and behaviours on smoking since 1977. The surveys were carried out on a representative sample, made up by quotas method, of the population concerned (12 to 18 years old). The last data (1995) were analyzed in order to evaluate present smoking behaviour and to measure the influence of the social environment. In 1995 more than one out of three (35.1%) young people smoked at least once in a while; this smoking prevalence was nearly the same among boys (34.7%) as among girls (35.5%). Since 1977, the long-term trend of the rates showed a decrease and the monitoring of the starting age proved that adolescents began to smoke more and more later. The influence of peer and parents smoking was strong. The socioeconomic status of the family and also the amount of pocket money were other determinants of smoking. The family and school atmosphere played an important role as well. The influence of all these environmental variables on the young person's smoking behaviour underlines the necessity of developing simultaneously campaigns aimed at young people and actions among different populations. The emergence of a positive status for the non-smoker supports the choice of the strategies for the latest campaigns.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 12/1997; 4(11):1079-86. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • D Grizeau, F Baudier
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    ABSTRACT: This survey evaluates the respect of tobacco legislation at workplace among a random sample. It shows that a small and limited information can increase the awareness of the companies' managers. More than one out of three companies replied that new measures were implemented. In the majority of cases (more than three out of four) members of the board of directors believe that all the measures are well respected. A little bit less members of the employees are of the same opinion, with an exception for the smoker's lounge. Many of them believe, however, that the smoking restrictions are respected.
    Santé Publique 07/1997; 9(2):185-206. · 0.24 Impact Factor
  • D. Grizeau, F. Baudier, H. Allemand
    Archives de Pédiatrie 01/1997; 4(11). · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • D Grizeau, F Baudier, H Allemand
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    ABSTRACT: Background. — The French Committee for Health Education has observed the adolescent's opinions and behaviours on smoking since 1977.Population and methods. — The surveys were carried out on a representative sample, made up by quotas method, of the population concerned (12 to 18 years old). The last data (1995) were analyzed in order to evaluate present smoking behaviour and to measure the influence of the social environment.Results. — In 1995 more than one out of three (35.1%) young people smoked at least once in a while; this smoking prevalence was nearly the same among boys (34.7%) as among girls (35.5%). Since 1977, the long-term trend of the rates showed a decrease and the monitoring of the starting age proved that adolescents began to smoke more and more later. The influence of peer and parents smoking was strong. The socioeconomic status of the family and also the amount of pocket money were other determinants of smoking. The family and school atmosphere played an important role as well.Conclusions. — The influence of all these environmental variables on the young person's smoking behaviour underlines the necessity of developing simultaneously campaigns aimed at young people and actions among different populations. The emergence of a positive status for the non-smoker supports the choice of the strategies for the latest campaigns.
    Archives De Pediatrie - ARCHIVES PEDIATRIE. 01/1997; 4(11):1079-1086.
  • D Grizeau, F Baudier, M P Janvrin
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    ABSTRACT: The authors analyse the results of the last national survey on the prevalence of tobacco smoking, carried out by the French Committee for health education in 1992. The smoking percentage is analyzed by sex, age, instruction level and, parents smoking behaviour. These results are also compared with data from previous surveys performed since 1977 in young people and since 1974 in adults. A decreasing trend is noticed in young people from 46% in 1977 to 34% in 1992. This optimistic evolution however has to be relativised, taking into account the increase of the consumption level. For adults, the general trend is the stability of the smoking percentage (40% of the population smoke) but the evolution shows totally different results for males and females. The smoking prevalence is decreasing among men (from 59 to 48%), whereas it is increasing among women (from 28 to 33%). Moreover the smoker percentage among young adult women (18-24 year old) is nearly the same as for young adult men (63.4 vs 63.8%). The data provided by this survey enables the authors to set priorities in the campaign against tobacco smoking.
    La Revue du praticien 06/1993; 43(10):1197-202.