María P López-Lereu

Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valenza, Valencia, Spain

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Publications (50)162 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Ischemic postconditioning (PCON) appears as a potentially beneficial tool in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We evaluated the effect of PCON on microvascular obstruction (MVO) in STEMI patients and in an experimental swine model. Methods A prospective randomized study in patients and an experimental study in swine were carried out in two university hospitals in Spain. 101 consecutive STEMI patients were randomized to undergo primary angioplasty followed by PCON or primary angioplasty alone (non-PCON). Using late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance, infarct size and MVO were quantified (% of left ventricular mass). In swine, using an angioplasty balloon-induced anterior STEMI model, MVO was defined as the % of area at risk without thioflavin-S staining. Results In patients, PCON (n = 49) in comparison with non-PCON (n = 52) did not significantly reduce MVO (0 [0–1.02]% vs. 0 [0–2.1]% p = 0.2) or IS (18 ± 13% vs. 21 ± 14%, p = 0.2). MVO (> 1 segment in the 17-segment model) occurred in 12/49 (25%) PCON and in 18/52 (35%) non-PCON patients, p = 0.3. No significant differences were observed between PCON and non-PCON patients in left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction or the extent of hemorrhage. In the swine model, MVO occurred in 4/6 (67%) PCON and in 4/6 (67%) non-PCON pigs, p = 0.9. The extent of MVO (10 ± 7% vs. 10 ± 8%, p = 0.9) and infarct size (23 ± 14% vs. 24 ± 10%, p = 0.8) was not reduced in PCON compared with non-PCON pigs. Conclusions Ischemic postconditioning does not significantly reduce microvascular obstruction in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Clinical Trial Registration http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01898546.
    International Journal of Cardiology. 07/2014; 175(1):138–146.
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemic postconditioning (PCON) appears as a potentially beneficial tool in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We evaluated the effect of PCON on microvascular obstruction (MVO) in STEMI patients and in an experimental swine model.
    International journal of cardiology. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Introducción y objetivos No se conoce el valor pronóstico incremental que aporta la isquemia miocárdica inducible respecto a la necrosis determinada por resonancia magnética cardiaca de estrés en pacientes con función ventricular izquierda deprimida. Se determina el valor pronóstico de la necrosis y la isquemia en pacientes con función ventricular izquierda deprimida remitidos a exploración por resonancia magnética de estrés con perfusión de dipiridamol. Métodos En un registro multicéntrico basado en el uso de resonancia magnética de estrés, se determinó la presencia (≥ 2 segmentos) de realce tardío de contraste y defectos de perfusión y su asociación con eventos mayores (muerte cardiaca e infarto no mortal). Resultados De un total de 391 pacientes, se identificó defecto de perfusión o realce tardío en 224 (57%) y 237 (61%). Durante el seguimiento (mediana, 96 semanas), se produjeron 47 eventos mayores (12%): 25 muertes cardiacas y 22 infartos de miocardio. Los pacientes con eventos mayores presentaron mayor extensión de los defectos de perfusión (6 frente a 3 segmentos; p < 0,001), pero no del realce tardío (5 frente a 3 segmentos; p = 0,1). La tasa de eventos mayores fue significativamente superior en presencia de defectos de perfusión (el 17 frente al 5%; p = 0,0005), pero no cuando había realce tardío (el 14 frente al 9%; p = 0,1). Se clasificó a los pacientes en los cuatro grupos siguientes: ausencia de defecto de perfusión y ausencia de realce tardío (n = 124), presencia de realce tardío y ausencia de defecto de perfusión (n = 43), presencia de realce tardío y presencia de defecto de perfusión (n = 195), y ausencia de realce tardío y presencia de defecto de perfusión (n = 29). Las tasas de eventos fueron del 5, el 7, el 16 y el 24% respectivamente (p de tendencia = 0,003). En un modelo de regresión multivariable, solamente el defecto de perfusión predijo los eventos clínicos (hazard ratio = 2,86; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 1,37-5,95; p = 0,002), pero el realce tardío no (hazard ratio = 1,70; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,90-3,22; p = 0,105). Conclusiones En los pacientes con la función ventricular izquierda deprimida, la isquemia inducible es el más potente predictor de futuros eventos mayores.
    Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition). 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectives The incremental prognostic value of inducible myocardial ischemia over necrosis derived by stress cardiac magnetic resonance in depressed left ventricular function is unknown. We determined the prognostic value of necrosis and ischemia in patients with depressed left ventricular function referred for dipyridamole stress perfusion magnetic resonance. Methods In a multicenter registry using stress magnetic resonance, the presence (≥ 2 segments) of late enhancement and perfusion defects and their association with major events (cardiac death and nonfatal infarction) was determined. Results In 391 patients, perfusion defect or late enhancement were present in 224 (57%) and 237 (61%). During follow-up (median, 96 weeks), 47 major events (12%) occurred: 25 cardiac deaths and 22 myocardial infarctions. Patients with major events displayed a larger extent of perfusion defects (6 segments vs 3 segments; P <.001) but not late enhancement (5 segments vs 3 segments; P =.1). Major event rate was significantly higher in the presence of perfusion defects (17% vs 5%; P =.0005) but not of late enhancement (14% vs 9%; P =.1). Patients were categorized into 4 groups: absence of perfusion defect and absence of late enhancement (n = 124), presence of late enhancement and absence of perfusion defect (n = 43), presence of perfusion defect and presence of late enhancement (n = 195), absence of late enhancement and presence of perfusion defect (n = 29). Event rate was 5%, 7%, 16%, and 24%, respectively (P for trend = .003). In a multivariate regression model, only perfusion defect (hazard ratio = 2.86; 95% confidence interval, 1.37-5.95]; P = .002) but not late enhancement (hazard ratio = 1.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.90–3.22; P =.105) predicted events. Conclusions In depressed left ventricular function, the presence of inducible ischemia is the strongest predictor of major events. Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org/en
    Revista Española de Cardiología. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to establish reference values for segmental myocardial strain measured by magnetic resonance (MR) cardiac tagging in order to characterize the regional function of the heart. We characterized the left ventricular (LV) systolic deformation in 39 subjects (26 women and 13 men, age 58.8 ± 11.6 years) whose cardiological study had not revealed any significant abnormality. The deformation was measured from MR-tagged (Siemens 1.5T MR) images using an algorithm based on sine wave modeling. Circumferential and radial peak systolic strain values along with the torsion angle and circumferential-longitudinal (CL) shear were determined in 16 LV segments in order to settle the reference values for these parameters. Circumferential strain was highest at the anterior and lateral walls (-20.2 ± 4.0% and -21.8 ± 4.3%, respectively; P < 0.05) and was lowest at the base level (-17.2 ± 3.1% vs. -20.1 ± 3.1% "mid level," P < 0.05; -17.2 ± 3.1% vs. -20.3 ± 3.0% "apical level," P < 0.05). Radial strain highest values were from inferior and lateral walls (13.7 ± 7.4% and 12.8 ± 7.8%, respectively; P < 0.05) and it was lowest medially (9.4 ± 4.1% vs. 13.1 ± 4.1% "base level," P < 0.05; 9.4 ± 4.1% vs. 12.1 ± 4.4% "apical level," P < 0.05). Torsion angle (counterclockwise when viewed from the apex) increased with the distance from the base (7.9 ± 2.4° vs. 16.8 ± 4.4°, P < 0.05), and the highest and lowest values were found at lateral (medial lateral: 12.0 ± 4.4°, apical lateral: 25.1 ± 6.4°, P < 0.05) and septal wall (medial septal: 3.6 ± 2.1°, apical septal: 8.3 ± 5.3°, P < 0.05), respectively. These differences were found again in CL shear values, around the LV circumference. However, CL shear remained constant with increasing distance from the base (9.1 ± 2.6°, medium and 9.8 ± 2.4°, apex). In summary, this study provides reference values for the assessment of regional myocardial function by MR cardiac tagging. Comparison of patient deformation parameters with normal deformation patterns may permit early detection of regional systolic dysfunction.J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 12/2013; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infarct size (IS) at 1 week after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) diminishes during the first months. The incremental prognostic value of IS regression and of scar size (SS) at 6 months is unknown. We compared cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived IS at 1 week and SS at 6 months after MI for predicting late major adverse cardiac events (MACE). 250 patients underwent CMR at 1 week and 6 months after MI. IS and SS were determined as the extent of transmural late enhancement (in >50 % of wall thickness, ETLE). During 163 weeks, 23 late MACE (cardiac death, MI or readmission for heart failure after the 6 months CMR) occurred. Patients with MACE had a larger IS at 1 week (6 [4-9] vs. 3 [1-5], p < .0001) and a larger SS at 6 months (5 [2-6] vs. 3 [1-5], p = .005) than those without MACE. Late MACE rates in IS >median were higher at 1 week (14 vs. 4 %, p = .007) and in SS >median at 6 months (12 vs. 5 %, p = .053). The C-statistic for predicting late MACE of CMR at 1 week and 6 months was comparable (.720 vs. .746, p = .1). Only ETLE at 1 week (HR 1.31 95 % CI [1.14-1.52], p < .0001, per segment) independently predicted late MACE. CMR-derived SS at 6 months does not offer prognostic value beyond IS at 1 week after MI. The strongest predictor of late MACE is ETLE at 1 week.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 06/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: A variety of cardiac magnetic resonance indexes predict mid-term prognosis in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients. The extent of transmural necrosis permits simple and accurate prediction of systolic recovery. However, its long-term prognostic value beyond a comprehensive clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance evaluation is unknown. We hypothesized that a simple semiquantitative assessment of the extent of transmural necrosis is the best resonance index to predict long-term outcome soon after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: One week after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction we carried out a comprehensive quantification of several resonance parameters in 206 consecutive patients. A semiquantitative assessment (altered number of segments in the 17-segment model) of edema, baseline and post-dobutamine wall motion abnormalities, first pass perfusion, microvascular obstruction, and the extent of transmural necrosis was also performed. RESULTS: During follow-up (median 51 months), 29 patients suffered a major adverse cardiac event (8 cardiac deaths, 11 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, and 10 readmissions for heart failure). Major cardiac events were associated with more severely altered quantitative and semiquantitative resonance indexes. After a comprehensive multivariate adjustment, the extent of transmural necrosis was the only resonance index independently related to the major cardiac event rate (hazard ratio=1.34 [1.19-1.51] per each additional segment displaying >50% transmural necrosis, P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: A simple and non-time consuming semiquantitative analysis of the extent of transmural necrosis is the most powerful cardiac magnetic resonance index to predict long-term outcome soon after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Full English text available from: www.revespcardiol.org/en.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 05/2013; · 3.20 Impact Factor
  • Clara Bonanad, Jose Vicente Monmeneu, Maria Pilar López-Lereu
    Heart Lung &amp Circulation 05/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectivesTo evaluate by cardiovascular magnetic resonance those factors related to the amount of salvaged myocardium after a myocardial infarction and its value in predicting adverse ventricular remodeling.Methods One hundred eighteen patients admitted for a first ST elevation myocardial infarction (primary angioplasty, 65 patients; a pharmacoinvasive strategy, 53 patients) underwent magnetic resonance (6 [5-8] days and 6 months; n=83). The myocardial salvage index was quantitatively assessed as the percentage of area at risk (T2-weighted sequences) not showing late enhancement.ResultsMyocardial salvage index >31% (median) was associated with a shorter time to reperfusion (153 min vs 258 min), a lower rate of diabetes (12% vs 32%), shorter time to magnetic resonance, and better cardiovascular parameters (P<.05 for all analyses). There were no significant differences depending on the reperfusion method. In a logistic regression analysis, delayed reperfusion (odds ratio=0.42 [0.29-0.63]; P<.0001), diabetes (odds ratio=0.32 [0.11-0.99]; P<.05) and a longer time to the performance of magnetic resonance (odds ratio=0.86 [0.76-0.97]; P<.05) were independently related to a lower probability of a myocardial salvage index >31%. Predictors of increased left ventricular end-systolic volume at 6 months were the number of segments showing an extent of transmural necrosis >50% (odds ratio =1.51 [1.21-1.90]; P<.0001) and left ventricular end-systolic volume at one week (odds ratio=1.12 [1.06-1.18]; P<.0001).Conclusions Cardiovascular magnetic resonance enables the quantification of the salvaged myocardium after myocardial infarction. The celerity with which reperfusion therapy is administered constitutes its most important predictor. The possible effect of a delay in the performance of magnetic resonance on myocardial salvage needs to be confirmed. Salvaged myocardium does not improve the value of magnetic resonance for predicting adverse remodeling.Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org
    Revista Española de Cardiología. 07/2012; 65(7):634–641.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: T2 weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can detect intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The long-term prognostic value of IMH beyond a comprehensive CMR assessment with late enhancement (LE) imaging including microvascular obstruction (MVO) is unclear. The value of CMR-derived IMH for predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and adverse cardiac remodeling after STEMI and its relationship with MVO was analyzed. METHODS: CMR including LE and T2 sequences was performed in 304 patients 1week after STEMI. Adverse remodeling was defined as dilated left ventricular end-systolic volume indexes (dLVESV) at 6months CMR. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 140weeks, 47 MACE (10 cardiac deaths, 16 myocardial infarctions, 21 heart failure episodes) occurred. Predictors of MACE were ejection fraction (HR .95 95% CI [.93-.97], p=.001, per %) and IMH (HR 1.17 95% CI [1.03-1.33], p=.01, per segment). The extent of MVO and IMH significantly correlated (r=.951, p<.0001). dLVESV was present in 40% of patients. CMR predictors of dLVESV were: LVESV (OR 1.11 95% CI [1.07-1.15], p<.0001, per ml/m(2)), infarct size (OR 1.05 95% CI [1.01-1.09], p=.02, per %) and IMH (OR 1.54 95% CI [1.15-2.07], p=.004, per segment). Addition of T2 information did not improve the LE and cine CMR-model for predicting MACE (.744 95% CI [.659-.829] vs. .734 95% CI [.650-.818], p=.6) or dLVESV (.914 95% CI [.875-.952] vs. .913 95% CI [.875-.952], p=.9). CONCLUSIONS: IMH after STEMI predicts MACE and adverse remodeling. Nevertheless, with a strong interrelation with MVO, the addition of T2 imaging does not improve the predictive value of LE-CMR.
    International journal of cardiology 06/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate by cardiovascular magnetic resonance those factors related to the amount of salvaged myocardium after a myocardial infarction and its value in predicting adverse ventricular remodeling. One hundred eighteen patients admitted for a first ST elevation myocardial infarction (primary angioplasty, 65 patients; a pharmacoinvasive strategy, 53 patients) underwent magnetic resonance (6 [5-8] days and 6 months; n=83). The myocardial salvage index was quantitatively assessed as the percentage of area at risk (T2-weighted sequences) not showing late enhancement. Myocardial salvage index >31% (median) was associated with a shorter time to reperfusion (153 min vs 258 min), a lower rate of diabetes (12% vs 32%), shorter time to magnetic resonance, and better cardiovascular parameters (P<.05 for all analyses). There were no significant differences depending on the reperfusion method. In a logistic regression analysis, delayed reperfusion (odds ratio=0.42 [0.29-0.63]; P<.0001), diabetes (odds ratio=0.32 [0.11-0.99]; P<.05) and a longer time to the performance of magnetic resonance (odds ratio=0.86 [0.76-0.97]; P<.05) were independently related to a lower probability of a myocardial salvage index >31%. Predictors of increased left ventricular end-systolic volume at 6 months were the number of segments showing an extent of transmural necrosis >50% (odds ratio =1.51 [1.21-1.90]; P<.0001) and left ventricular end-systolic volume at one week (odds ratio=1.12 [1.06-1.18]; P<.0001). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance enables the quantification of the salvaged myocardium after myocardial infarction. The celerity with which reperfusion therapy is administered constitutes its most important predictor. The possible effect of a delay in the performance of magnetic resonance on myocardial salvage needs to be confirmed. Salvaged myocardium does not improve the value of magnetic resonance for predicting adverse remodeling.
    Revista Espanola de Cardiologia 05/2012; 65(7):634-41. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate remote myocardial function after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and the impact of infarct size (IS) using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). 161 patients and 15 controls underwent CMR at 1st week and 6th month after STEMI. Using the 17-segments model, segments were categorized into infarcted, adjacent and remote myocardium. Relative systolic wall thickening (SWT, %) was assessed using the centerline method. IS (% of left ventricular mass) was determined in late enhancement imaging. Overall, in remote myocardium, SWT was comparable (83 ± 32) to controls (77 ± 25, P = .5) and did not increase significantly (P = .2) at the 6th month (88 ± 35, P = .3 vs. control). When IS was categorized into tertiles (<13.6%, (n = 49), 13.7-28.2%, (n = 60), >28.2%, (n = 52)), SWT in the remote area at the 1st week was not different from controls, regardless of infarct size (p between .2 and .8 for all tertiles). At 6 months, SWT was larger compared to controls only in small infarctions (98 ± 34 vs. 77 ± 25, P = .03). In medium and large infarctions there was no difference in SWT of the remote area compared to controls (87 ± 33 and 79 ± 34, P = .3 and P = .09) and there was no significant increase at 6 months (P between .2 and .9). In remote myocardium there was no difference in contractility compared to controls after STEMI. After 6 month a slight hypercontractility can only be observed in small infarctions. In medium and large infarctions no difference of SWT in remote myocardium compared to controls can be observed.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 01/2012; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biventricular arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy and left dominant arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy forms had recently been included in the spectrum of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. The aim of the study was to describe, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance, the patterns of ventricular involvement as well as late gadolinium enhancement in these conditions. Medical databases and records from the cardiology units of 3 hospitals were reviewed to obtain data from patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. Twenty-six consecutive patients were included (40 [16] years, 16 males). Right ventricle involvement was present in 19 patients (73%). Among them, 13 patients (50%) had volumes over the upper limit of normality, 11 (42%) patients had late gadolinium enhancement in right ventricle and 6 patients (23%) had just mild involvement with wall motion abnormalities or microaneurysms. Left ventricle involvement was present in 24 patients (92%), all of them with late gadolinium enhancement. In 15 patients (57%) left ventricular systolic dysfunction was observed, and dilatation in 3 patients (11%). Late gadolinium enhancement was more frequent in the inferior, lateral, and inferolateral walls (65%, 57%, and 61% of patients, respectively) while septum was seldom affected (26% of cases). The pattern of late gadolinium enhancement was mainly subepicardial (46% of patients) or transmural (19%), and was intramyocardial in only 12% of the cases. In this sample, left ventricle involvement is very common. The most frequent finding was left ventricular late gadolinium enhancement, while the least frequent was dilatation. The pattern of late gadolinium enhancement was more frequently subepicardial and located in the inferior and inferolateral walls.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 12/2011; 64(12):1114-22. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectivesBiventricular arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy and left dominant arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy forms had recently been included in the spectrum of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. The aim of the study was to describe, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance, the patterns of ventricular involvement as well as late gadolinium enhancement in these conditions.
    Revista Espanola De Cardiologia - REV ESPAN CARDIOL. 12/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate dipyridamole cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the prediction of major events (MEs) in patients with ischemic chest pain in a large multicenter registry. Institutional ethics committee approval and written informed consent were obtained. A total of 1722 patients who were undergoing cardiac MR imaging for chest pain were included. Wall motion abnormalities (WMAs) at rest, hyperemia perfusion defect (PD), late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), and inducible WMA were analyzed (abnormal if more than one abnormal segment was seen) with the 17-segment model. A cardiac MR categorization was created: category 1, no PD, LGE, or inducible WMA; category 2, PD without LGE and inducible WMA; category 3, LGE without inducible WMA; and category 4, inducible WMA. The association with ME was analyzed by using Cox proportional hazard regression multivariate models. During a median follow-up period of 308 days, 61 MEs (4%) occurred (36 cardiac deaths, 25 nonfatal myocardial infarctions). MEs were associated with a greater extent of WMA, PD, LGE, and inducible WMA (P ≤ .001 for all analyses). In multivariable analyses, PD (P = .002) and inducible WMA (P = .0001) were the only cardiac MR predictors. ME rate in categories 1, 2, 3, and 4 was 2% (14 of 901 patients), 3% (six of 219 patients), 4% (15 of 409 patients), and 14% (26 of 193 patients), respectively (category 4 vs category 1, adjusted P < .001). Cardiac MR-directed revascularization was performed in 242 patients (14%) and reduced the risk of ME in only category 4 (7% [six of 92 patients] vs 26% [26 of 101 patients], P = .0004). Dipyridamole cardiac MR imaging can be used to predict MEs in patients with ischemic chest pain. Patients with inducible WMA are at the highest risk for MEs and benefit the most from revascularization.
    Radiology 11/2011; 262(1):91-100. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Early stratification of patients according to the risk for developing microvascular obstruction (MVO) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is desirable. We aimed to identify predictors of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived MVO from clinical+ECG, laboratory and angiographic parameters available on admission. METHODS: Characteristics available on admission were documented in 97 STEMI patients referred for primary angioplasty. MVO was determined using contrast-enhanced CMR. RESULTS: MVO was present in 44 patients (45%). The C-statistic for predicting MVO was: clinical+ECG (.832), laboratory (.743), and angiographic parameters (.669). Adding laboratory to clinical+ECG information did not improve the C-statistic (.873 vs. .832, p=.2). Further addition of angiographic data (.904) improved the C-statistic of clinical+ECG (p=.04) but not of clinical+ECG and laboratory (p=.2). Independent predictors of MVO using clinical and ECG parameters were: Killip class >1 (OR 15.97 95%CI [1.37-186.76], p=.03), diabetes (OR 6.15 95%CI [1.49-25.39], p=.01), age <55years (OR 4.70 95%CI [1.56-14.17], p=.006), sum of ST-segment elevation >10mm (OR 4.5 95%CI [1.58-12.69], p=.005) and delayed presentation >3h (OR 3.80 95%CI [1.19-12.1], p=.02). A score was constructed assigning Killip class >1 2 points and the remaining indexes 1 point. The incidence of MVO increased with the score: 0 point: 8.7%; 1 point: 28.1%; 2 points: 71.4%; and 3+ points: 93% (p<.0001). CONCLUSIONS: MVO can be predicted using parameters already available on patient admission. We developed a clinical-ECG score allowing for early and reliable classification of STEMI patients according to the risk of MVO.
    International journal of cardiology 10/2011; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacoinvasive strategy represents an attractive alternative to primary angioplasty. Using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging we compared the left ventricular outcome of the pharmacoinvasive strategy and primary angioplasty for the reperfusion of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance was performed 1 week and 6 months after infarction in two consecutive cohorts of patients included in a prospective university hospital ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction registry. During the period 2004-2006, 151 patients were treated with pharmacoinvasive strategy (thrombolysis followed by routine non-immediate angioplasty). During the period 2007-2008, 93 patients were treated with primary angioplasty. A propensity score matched population was also evaluated. At 1-week cardiovascular magnetic resonance, pharmacoinvasive strategy and primary angioplasty patients showed a similar extent of area at risk (29±15 vs. 29±17%, P=.9). Non-significant differences were detected by cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 1 week and at 6 months in infarct size, salvaged myocardium, microvascular obstruction, ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume index and end-systolic volume index (P>.2 in all cases). The same trend was observed in 1-to-1 propensity score matched patients. The rate of major adverse cardiac events (death and/or re-infarction) at 1 year was 6% in pharmacoinvasive strategy and 7% in primary angioplasty patients (P=.7). A pharmacoinvasive strategy including thrombolysis and routine non-immediate angioplasty represents a widely available and logistically attractive approach that yields identical short-term and long-term cardiovascular magnetic resonance-derived left ventricular outcome compared to primary angioplasty.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 02/2011; 64(2):111-20. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectivesPharmacoinvasive strategy represents an attractive alternative to primary angioplasty. Using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging we compared the left ventricular outcome of the pharmacoinvasive strategy and primary angioplasty for the reperfusion of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
    Revista Espanola De Cardiologia - REV ESPAN CARDIOL. 01/2011; 64(2):111-120.
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    ABSTRACT: The usefulness of ST-segment elevation resolution (STR) for predicting epicardial reperfusion is well established. However, it is still not clear how ST-segment changes are related to microvascular obstruction (MVO) observed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The study involved 85 consecutive patients admitted for a first STEMI and treated by pPCI who had a patent infarct-related artery. An ECG was recorded on admission and 90 min and 6, 24, 48 and 96 h after pPCI. Thereafter, STR and the sum of ST-segment elevation (sumSTE) in all leads were determined. Overall, CMR revealed MVO in 37 patients. In infarcts with MVO, sumSTE was greater both before and after revascularization than in infarcts without MVO (P≤.001 at all times). In contrast, there was no significant difference in the magnitude of STR between infarcts with and without MVO 90 min after revascularization (P=.1), though there was after 6 h (P< .05 at all times). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for detecting MVO was greater for sumSTE than STR (P< .05 for all measurements). On multivariate analysis, after adjusting for clinical, angiographic and ECG characteristics, a sumSTE >3 mm 90 min after pPCI was an independent predictor of MVO on CMR, while an STR ≥70% was not (odds ratio=3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-8.4; P=.02). MVO was associated with a significantly increased sumSTE at all times after revascularization. The difference in the magnitude of STR between infarcts with and without MVO was significant only >6 h after revascularization. The best predictor of MVO was a sumSTE >3 mm 90 min after pPCI.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 10/2010; 63(10):1145-54. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To perform a comparison of cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived ejection fraction (EF) during low-dose dobutamine infusion (EF(D)) with the extent of segments with transmural necrosis in more than 50% of their wall thickness (ETN) for the prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and late systolic recovery soon after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Institutional ethics committee approval and written informed consent were obtained. One hundred nineteen consecutive patients with a first STEMI, a depressed left ventricular EF, and an open infarct-related artery underwent MR imaging at 1 week after infarction. EF(D) and ETN (by using a 17-segment model) were determined, and the prediction of MACEs and systolic recovery at follow-up was assessed by using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and multivariable regression analysis. During follow-up (median, 613 days; range, 312-1243 days), 18 MACEs (five cardiac deaths, six myocardial infarctions, seven readmissions for heart failure) occurred. MACEs were associated with a lower EF(D) (43% +/- 12 [standard deviation] vs 49% +/- 10, P = .02) and a larger ETN (seven segments +/- three vs four segments +/- three, P < .001). Patients with systolic recovery (increase in EF of >5% at follow-up compared with baseline EF, n = 44) displayed a higher EF(D) (51% +/- 10 vs 47% +/- 9, P = .04) and a smaller ETN (three segments +/- two vs five segments +/- three, P = .002) at 1 week. ETN and EF(D) both related to MACEs (AUC: 0.78 vs 0.67, respectively, P = .1) and systolic recovery (AUC: 0.68 vs 0.62, respectively, P = .3). According to multivariable analysis, ETN was the only MR variable associated with time to MACEs (hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% confidence interval: 1.19, 1.60; P < .001) and systolic recovery (odds ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval: 0.64, 0.92; P = .004) independent of baseline characteristics. ETN is as useful as EF(D) for the prediction of MACEs and systolic recovery soon after STEMI.
    Radiology 06/2010; 255(3):755-63. · 6.34 Impact Factor