Y Alicigüzel

Akdeniz University, Satalia, Antalya, Turkey

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Publications (18)31.33 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of lipoic acid on lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide production, and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in rats exposed to chronic restraint stress and to examine whether lipoic acid could prevent VEP alterations that occurred in stress together with lipid peroxidation. Forty male wistar rats, aged three months, were used in the present study. They were equally divided into four groups: control (C), the group treated with lipoic acid (L), the group exposed to restraint stress (S), and the group exposed to stress and treated with lipoic acid (LS). Chronic restraint stress was applied for 21 days (1 h/day) and lipoic acid (100 mg/kg/day) was injected intraperitonally to the L and LS groups for the same period. Brain and retina TBARS levels were significantly increased in the S group compared with the C group. Lipoic acid reduced retina and brain TBARS levels in the L and LS groups compared with their corresponding control groups. Restraint stress significantly increased nitrite and nitrate levels in both brain and retina in the stress group with respect to the control group. Lipoic acid produced a significant decrease in brain and retina nitrite and nitrate levels of the L and LS groups comparing with their corresponding control groups. All latencies of VEP components were prolonged in the S group with respect to the C group. The study found significant correlations between VEPs latencies and TBARS and nitrite and nitrate levels of retina and brain. Lipoic acid decreased the latencies of all VEP components in the LS group whereas it did not affect them in the L group with respect to their control groups. In summary, lipoic acid treatment was found effective in preventing VEP and TBARS alterations caused by stress.
    International Journal of Neuroscience 01/2008; 117(12):1691-706. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate effect of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) on lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide production and antioxidant systems in rats exposed to chronic restraint stress. Twenty four male Wistar rats, aged three months, were divided into four groups: control (C), the group treated with LA (L), the group exposed to restraint stress (S) and the group exposed to stress and treated with LA (LS). Restraint stress was applied for 21 days (1 h/day) and LA (100 mg/kg/day) was injected intraperitonally to the L and LS groups for the same period. Restraint stress significantly decreased brain copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) and brain and retina glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activities compared with the control group. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), nitrite and nitrate levels were significantly increased in the tissues of the S group compared with the C group. LA produced a significant decrease in brain and retina TBARS, nitrite and nitrate levels of the L and LS groups compared to their corresponding control groups. LA increased all enzyme activities in the tissues of the LS group compared to the S group. Our study indicated that LA is an ideal antioxidant candidate for the prevention of stress-induced lipid peroxidation.
    Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca 12/2007; 57(6):893-901. · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was determination and comparison of the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), xanthine oxidase (XO), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in gastric mucosa of children who were infected and noninfected with Helicobacter pylori (HP). The MPO, and XO enzyme activities were detected via kinetic measurement, and the MPO, XO and SOD enzyme protein levels were detected via Western blot, in antral mucosa specimens of 43 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with various indications. The diagnosis of HP infection was made with a positive rapid urease test and histopathologic detection. MPO activity and enzyme protein levels were measured in 14 [8 HP (+) and 6 HP (-)], and in 9 [5 HP (+) and 4 HP (-)] while XO activity and enzyme protein levels were measured in 16 [10 HP (+) and 6 HP (-)] and in 9 [5 HP (+) and 4 HP (-)] patients, respectively. SOD protein level was detected in 13 [7 HP (+) and 6 HP (-)] patients. Of 43 patients 25 were HP (+) and 18 were HP (-). MPO activities were 75.6 +/- 40.5 and 98.8 +/- 44.1 U/g. protein (p = 0.302) while XO activities were 0.5 +/- 0.3 and 0.4 +/- 0.2 U/g. protein in HP (+) and HP (-) patients, respectively (p = 0.625). Measured enzyme protein levels of MPO, XO and SOD were found statistically indifferent in HP (+) and HP (-) patients (p = 0.327, p = 0.086, and p = 0.775, respectively). The results of this study revealed that, MPO, XO and SOD conditions in gastric mucosa alone were not affected from HP presence. That's why MPO, XO, and SOD may not have important roles in the pathogenesis of HP related gastric disease in children.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 11/2006; 290(1-2):125-30. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of chronic restraint stress and alpha-lipoic acid (LA) administration on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities in rat peripheral organs. Forty male wistar rats, aged 3 months were randomized to one of the following groups: control, restraint stress, LA treated and restraint stress+LA treated. Chronic restraint stress was applied for 21 days (1h/day) and LA (100 mg/kg/day) was administered intraperitoneally for the same period. Restraint stress had no statistically significant effect on lipid peroxidation, copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity in rat liver and heart, when compared to the control group. Lipid peroxidation, determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, was found to be increased in the kidney of restraint stress treated rats, compared to controls. Restraint stress-induced lipid peroxidation in the kidney was significantly decreased via LA treatment. Administration of LA also enhanced GPx and decreased Cu/Zn SOD activity in rat kidney, liver and heart, compared to the control group. The presented data shows that LA is a protective agent against restraint stress--the inducer of lipid peroxidation in the kidney. These findings also suggest that LA-induced changes in antioxidant enzyme activities in rat peripheral organs may contribute to their versatile effects observed in vivo.
    Pharmacological Research 10/2006; 54(3):247-52. · 4.35 Impact Factor
  • Yakup Alicigüzel, Serpil Aktaş, Hayri Bozan, Mutay Aslan
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    ABSTRACT: Intravenous nitroglycerin (GTN) has been used as an anti-ischemic agent for the therapy of unstable and post-infarction angina. Nitric oxide (NO) and S-nitrosothiols constitute the biologically active species formed via nitroglycerin bioactivation. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species can diminish the therapeutic action of organic nitrates by scavenging donated NO and oxidizing tissue thiols important in nitrate biotransformation. Studies reported here show that the red cell activity of antioxidant enzymes, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, are significantly decreased after intravenous nitroglycerin treatment. Catalase activity (739.6 +/- 92.3 k/gHb) decreased to 440.1 +/- 111.9 and 459.8 +/- 130.7 k/gHb after 1 and 24 hr GTN infusion, respectively. Similarly, glutathione peroxidase activity (5.8 +/- 1.8 U/gHb) decreased to 3.2 +/- 1.7 and 3.8 +/- 1.1 U/g Hb after 1 and 24 hr GTN infusion, respectively. The reported decrease in antioxidant enzyme activities can lead to an oxidant milieu and contribute to the generation of nitrate tolerance.
    Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry 07/2005; 20(3):293-6. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sodium metabisulfite (Na2S2O5) is used as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent in a variety of drugs and functions as a preservative in many food preparations. In addition to their antioxidant activity, sulfites oxidize to sulfite radicals (SO3-) initiating lipid peroxidation. This study was performed to elucidate the effect of subchronic Na2S2O5 (520 mg/kg/day) ingestion on hepatic and renal antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation in albino rats. The antioxidant effect of l-carnitine was also tested in rats treated with Na2S2O5. Plasma uric acid levels were monitored in all rats included in the study. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels significantly increased in Na2S2O5 treated rats vs. controls, with kidney values of 2.21+/-0.21 vs. 1.22+/-0.35 and liver values of 79.85+/-19.5 vs. 31.36+/-5.0 nmol/mg protein, respectively. Selenium-glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity was significantly increased in Na2S2O5 treated rats vs. controls, with kidney values of 38.22+/-2.21 vs. 8.09+/-0.76 and liver values of 31.11+/-6.37 vs. 11.70+/-1.02 U/g protein, respectively. Sodium metabisulfite treatment increased plasma uric acid levels in rats that were included in the study. No protective effect of l-carnitine was observed against lipid peroxidation in both liver and kidneys of rats treated with Na2S2O5. The presented data confirm the prooxidant activity of sulfites and suggest that increased GPx activity and plasma uric acid levels may partially reduce the observed renal and hepatocellular oxidative damage caused via the ingestion of sulfites.
    Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 07/2005; 42(1):77-82. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of exercise on brain antioxidant status of diabetic rats. Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Control (C), exercise (CE), diabetic (D), and diabetic+exercise (DE). Diabetes was induced by single administration of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). We used an aerobic exercise program for 8 weeks of CE and DE rats. After the end of the experimental period, Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu, Zn-SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and xanthine oxidase (XO) activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels of brain were measured. Diabetes caused significant reduction of brain Cu, Zn-SOD and GSH-Px activities in the D and DE groups. CAT activity was decreased only in the D group. Exercise did not alter CAT activity of brain, whereas markedly increased Cu, Zn-SOD activity in the DE group. In contrast to diabetes-related decrease in the activity of Cu, Zn-SOD, increase in the XO and GSH-Px activities were observed in the DE group compared with the D group. XDH activity was significantly reduced in two exercise groups according to the control rats, but the decrease was not accompanied with the activity of XO elevation in all groups. Increase in the XO activity and decrease in the XDH activity in the DE rats have revealed that diabetes and exercise have potentially effect in free radical production. On the other hand, TBARS levels were found to be elevated in all diabetic animals. Our results show that aerobic exercise did not affect lipid peroxidation of brain, but in diabetic condition improved antioxidant defence.
    Diabetes & Metabolism 12/2002; 28(5):377-84. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Erythrocyte, plasma, and serum antioxidant activities were studied in patients with newly diagnosed and untreated toxic multinodular hyperthyroid goiter and compared to healthy control subjects. Erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities, glutathione, malondialdehyde, and ceruloplasmin levels were significantly increased, whereas serum vitamin E, plasma vitamin C, and selenium levels were decreased in hyperthyroid patients compared to control subjects. The findings show that untreated toxic multinodular goiter causes profound alterations in components of the antioxidant system in erythrocytes indicative of increased oxidative stress. Taken together, these data suggest that hyperthyroid patients may benefit from dietary supplements of antioxidants.
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine 04/2001; 30(6):665-70. · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the possible role of oxygen free radicals and oxidant stress in the toxic effects of phenoxyherbicides, we studied the in vitro effect of 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (4-CPA) on various human erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes, namely glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, catalase, selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase. 4-CPA added in a dose of 1 ppm to human erythrocytes for 1 h caused a significant reduction in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (P <0.001) and catalase (P <0.001) activities, but did not significantly affect the activities of other enzymes. Such selective inactivation of specific erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes may play a role in the toxic effects of phenoxyherbicides.
    Redox Report 02/2001; 6(3):153-4. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • Redox Report - REDOX REP. 01/2001; 6(3):153-154.
  • Y Alicigüzel, S S Ozdem, U Karayalçin
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    ABSTRACT: Erythrocyte, serum and plasma antioxidant activities and the effects of propylthiouracil (PTU) treatment on these activities were studied in patients with toxic multinodular goiter. The activities of the erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, catalase, Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase, selenium (Se)-dependent glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase) and the levels of erythrocyte Se, serum ceruloplasmin and plasma malondialdehyde were significantly higher while serum vitamin E, plasma vitamin C and plasma Se were lower in hyperthyroid patients. PTU treatment, not for 1 but for 3 months caused a partial reversal of antioxidant activities to euthyroid levels. It is suggested that alterations in blood antioxidant activities following PTU treatment might be due to the antioxidant and/or antithyroid effect of this drug.
    Pharmacology 08/2000; 61(1):31-6. · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • Sebahat Özdem, Sadi S. Özdem, Yakup Alicigüzel
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the effect of 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid-raised tomato homogenate on rat erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes, namely glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, catalase, selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase, and Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase. Tomatoes were raised with 1, 10, or 20 ppm of 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid by spraying. Homogenate of tomatoes raised with 1 or 10 ppm of 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid given in a dose of 1 ml/100 g body weight by gavage did not cause any significant alterations in activities of rat erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes. However, homogenate of tomatoes raised with 20 ppm 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid given in the same dose caused a significant reduction in selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (P < 0.05) and an increment in catalase (P < 0.05) activities but did not significantly alter the activities of other enzymes. It is suggested that the alterations in activities of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes might play a role in toxic effects of phenoxyherbicides.
    Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology - PESTIC BIOCHEM PHYSIOL. 01/2000; 67(2):134-136.
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    ABSTRACT: Swiss-Albino male rats were exposed to sulfur dioxide (SO2) (10 ppm) one hour daily for 60 days and the effect on the erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities was studied. Erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD), superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) of 30 rats (14 controls and 16 sulfur dioxide groups) were measured. There were no significant differences in the catalase and G-6-PD activities of SO2 group as compared with controls. GSH-Px and GST activities in SO2 group were significantly higher than those in the control group. But, there was a significant decrease in the SOD activity. The rate of TBARS formation was enhanced significantly in erythrocytes of the SO2 group relative to the control group. These results reveal that SO2 inhalation enhanced lipid peroxidation in the erythrocyte and influence the antioxidant enzymes of erythrocyte.
    Industrial Health 02/1998; 36(1):70-3. · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • A Yegin, H Yegin, Y Alicigüzel, N Deger, E Semiz
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    ABSTRACT: To obtain further insight into the role of erythrocyte antioxidant systems in the development of atherosclerosis, intraerythrocyte enzyme activities and selenium levels in erythrocytes were determined in 37 patients with angiographically proved coronary artery stenosis and 15 subjects with normal coronary angiograms as controls. In a preliminary study, the enzymatic activities of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), glutathione reductase (GR) and selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GPx) were measured in both venous and arterial blood samples obtained from patients before angiography. The data of the preliminary study, which showed that only the Se-GPx decreased in the patients, led us to concentrate on the Se-GPx and Se levels to determine the changes in these variables. Our results showed that there was a decrease in both the activity of Se-GPx and Se levels in erythrocytes parallel to the increase in the severity of coronary artery disease. It was concluded that these parameters might be used as determinants in the assessment of the severity of the disease.
    Japanese Heart Journal 12/1997; 38(6):793-8. · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fifty-two healthy Swiss Male Albino rats aged two mo were used in this study. They were divided into four groups: control (C), diabetic (D), cadmium (Cd), and diabetic + Cd (D + Cd) groups. Diabetic condition was induced in D and D + Cd groups by administration of alloxane (5 mg/100 g). After this treatment, Cd and D + Cd groups were injected with CdCl2 i.p. (2 mg/kg/wk). At the end of the 2-mo experimental period, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), plasma and erythrocyte selenium (Se), plasma ceruloplasmin (Cp), and vitamin E (vit E) were determined in four groups of rats. The erythrocyte Se was lower in the experimental groups than in the controls. Plasma Se was significantly decreased in the D and D + Cd groups compared with the control group. Plasma Cp was unaltered. Plasma vit E was significantly decreased in Cd group in comparison with the C, D, and D+Cd groups.
    Biological Trace Element Research 06/1997; 57(2):105-14. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Erythrocytes and hemolysates from 10 normal and 10 glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient individuals were incubated with cumene hydroperoxide, and free radical-induced lipid peroxidation was monitored by chemiluminescence. Chemiluminescence intensities in erythrocytes of normal and deficient subjects were similar in the presence or absence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase substrates. Hemolysates of normal and deficient subjects also showed similar chemiluminescence in the absence of substrates. However, with the addition of substrates to the incubation medium, deficient hemolysates reached maximum chemiluminescence intensity within a shorter period, and maximum values were higher than in normal hemolysates. We believe this offers a new means of detection of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient patients.
    International Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Research 02/1997; 27(1):55-9.
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the effect of cumene hydroperoxide, t-butyl hydroperoxide, and hydrogen peroxide on intact healthy human erythrocytes (15 g hemoglobin/dl) using chemiluminescence to monitor peroxidation. We measured the chemiluminescence spectrum, the process of hemolysis, the pH shift, and absorbance spectrum during the incubation with chemicals producing oxidative stress. Maximum chemiluminescence was reached with cumene hydroperoxide at about 50 min, but with t-butyl hydroperoxide at 100 min. The effect of organic hydroperoxide was concentration dependent, whereas the effect of hydrogen peroxide was independent of concentration. Peroxides induced hemolysis after 30 min. The pH shift to alkaline was observed in the first 20-min period. Incubation with organic hydroperoxides induced a decrease in absorption at 580, 545, and 345 nm. Hydrogen peroxide induced a decrease in the same period of time but this returned to the normal range by 120 min. There was no change in absorption at 420 nm with any of the peroxidative agents. Our results suggest that low-level chemiluminescence is a useful model for studying hydroperoxide-induced peroxidation in human erythrocytes.
    International Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Research 02/1996; 26(1):60-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (1.1.1.49) activity was assessed in 1986-1988 in blood samples from 1,521 individuals from 375 families living an Antalya city and adjacent villages by Beutler's fluorescence spot test. The families were randomly selected by the State Statistical Institute. Complete deficiency occurred in 7.4% of males and 1.8% of females. Mean enzyme activity was 6.77 +/- 1.07 IU/g Hb in normals and ranged between 0 and 0.48 IU/g Hb in those considered deficient. Kinetic measurements made with partially purified enzyme showed that GdB+ and GdB- variants were present in normal and in deficient subjects, respectively.
    American Journal of Epidemiology 07/1990; 131(6):1094-7. · 4.78 Impact Factor