M Bellina

Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria San Luigi Gonzaga, Orbassano, Piedmont, Italy

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Publications (30)47.61 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the safety and efficacy of emergency vs scheduled ureteroscopy with a prospective study that included patients who presented to the emergency department (ED) with renal colic from ureteral stones. There were 271 consecutive patients who were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were randomized to emergency ureteroscopy (group A) or delayed ureteroscopy (group B). All patients underwent helical unenhanced CT (HUCT). Stone-free status was defined as the complete absence of residual fragments at 1 week postoperatively, assessed with HUCT, with no need for ancillary interventions after ureteroscopy. Group A included 139 assessable patients. The overall stone-free rate was 93%. Neither location nor size was a significant prognostic factor (P>0.05). Single-session ureteroscopy failed to clear nine ureteral stones. A Double-J stent was placed in 27/139 patients. Group B included 100 assessable patients. Patients in the control group were scheduled for ureteroscopy after their departure from the ED. The overall stone-free rate was 90%. Single-session ureteroscopy failed to clear 10 ureteral stones. A Double-J stent was placed in 80/100 patients. There were no statistical differences with regard to stone diameter and location, complications, and stone-free rate between group A and group B patients. The rate of Double-J stent positioning was significantly higher (P<0.05) in group B patients. In our experience, emergency ureteroscopy showed equal efficacy and safety compared with the elective procedure. It has the main advantage of providing both immediate relief from pain and stone fragmentation.
    Journal of endourology / Endourological Society 06/2011; 25(7):1137-41. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2011; 10(2):95-95.
  • Urology 01/2010; 76(3). · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2010; 9(2):339-339.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess changes in prostate cancer clinical and pathologic features by review of 15 years' experience with radical prostatectomy. A total of 596 consecutive patients who underwent open or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RP) between 1991 and 2006 were included. All had clinically localized prostate cancer. Surgical specimens were analyzed or blindly reviewed by a uropathologist, and whole-mount sections were prepared. Statistical analysis evaluated whether significant changes in clinical and pathologic variables occurred over time. Median prostate specific antigen (PSA) values at diagnosis significantly decreased over time. Definite stage migration was observed, with significant increase of organ-confined tumors. Incidence of seminal vesicle and lymph node involvement declined steadily. Median tumor volume decreased significantly over time (p<0.001). Incidence of nonsignificant cancers at RP increased significantly, reaching 25.6% in 2006. PSA value has progressively lost correlation with prostate cancer volume and today correlates only with prostate gland volume. Prostate cancer stage and volume at diagnosis have steadily decreased in the last 15 years, likely reflecting increasing use of PSA testing. In early prostate cancer, PSA level no longer correlates with tumor volume.
    Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology / the International Academy of Cytology [and] American Society of Cytology 06/2008; 30(3):152-9. · 0.60 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2008; 7(3):248-248.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2007; 6(2):178-178.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2006; 5(2):241-241.
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years there has been a shift in prostate cancer stage with the majority of patients nowadays being operated with cT1c disease, prostate-specific antigen levels of <10 ng/ml, and a decreased rate of seminal vesicle invasion. Recent data suggest the role of preservation of the seminal vesicle in improving continence and/or potency. We describe our preliminary experience with seminal-sparing, unilateral nerve-sparing retropubic radical prostatectomy. 21 selected patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent seminal unilateral nerve-sparing retropubic radical prostatectomy (seminal-sparing group, SSG). We compared the postoperative continence, erectile function and quality of orgasm results to those obtained in a control group (CG) of 21 patients who underwent unilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy. Sexual function was evaluated preoperatively and 9 months postoperatively with the 5-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire and with other self-administered questionnaires. The quality of orgasm was evaluated 9 months postoperatively. 1 month postoperatively, 95 and 28% of the patients in the SSG and CG were continent (p<0.001). The median postoperative drop in IIEF-5 score was 5 points in SSG and 14.5 points in CG (p<0.0001). Nine months postoperatively, 90 and 62% of the patients in SSG and CG, respectively (p=0.05), maintained the ability to achieve orgasm. In our experience seminal-sparing radical prostatectomy showed good feasibility and improved early postoperative urinary continence, erectile function and quality of orgasm, without compromised cancer control.
    Urologia Internationalis 01/2005; 75(2):175-80. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the operative technique of a new, Y-shaped, ileal neobladder and report the clinical and functional outcomes to add a contribution to the most discussed issues about orthotopic neobladders, in particular related to the problem of the prevention of strictures of ureteral-neobladder anastomoses. Between January 1999 and June 2002, 50 patients (41 men and 9 women) underwent radical cystectomy and Y-shaped orthotopic neobladder reconstruction. The following parameters were considered: operative time, complications, and functional outcomes (evaluated with voiding chart and a questionnaire analyzing continence). Urodynamic studies were performed in the first 20 patients. The operative time for neobladder reconstruction was 15 to 20 minutes. No severe complications or significant metabolic complications were recorded. Only 1 case of unilateral stricture of the ureteral-neobladder anastomosis was recorded (1% of renal units); the stricture was easily treated with a retrograde endoscopic approach. Daytime and nighttime continence was good or satisfactory in 90% and 85% of patients, respectively. One year after surgery, the average maximal neobladder capacity was 390 mL, and the average pressure at maximal capacity was 15 cm H2O. The ileal Y-shaped orthotopic neobladder had good functional outcomes comparable to most popular orthotopic neobladders. Moreover, the surgical technique of the Y-neobladder is easy, rapid, and reliable. In particular, the Y-neobladder seemed to reduce, in our experience, the occurrence of strictures at the ureteral-neobladder anastomosis, because it permits a perfectly aligned anastomosis without mobilization of the ureters.
    Urology 05/2004; 63(4):699-703. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ectopic adrenal cortex tissue is not an uncommon clinical finding, but the simultaneous occurrence with testicular cancer has not been reported. We describe a patient who had both pathologies.
    Urologia Internationalis 02/2004; 73(2):191-2. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The biological behaviour of prostate cancer is highly variable and prediction by the commonly employed prognostic parameters is not sufficient. The concept of neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation in prostate adenocarcinoma has recently received increasing attention due to possible implications for prognosis and therapy. Core needle biopsies from 142 newly diagnosed patients were immunohistochemically examined for the coexistence of NE differentiation using an antibody against chromogranin A (CgA). Circulating CgA was available in 106 of these patients. NE differentiation was found in 64 (45.1%) tumors. Among them 29 (20.4%) had CgA positive cells scattered or focally distributed in less than 5% per mm3 of tumor tissues, 26 (18.3%) between 5% and 10% and 9 (6.4%) more than 10%, respectively. There was a significant correlation between the extent of NE features and either Gleason score (P < 0.01) or stage of disease. Circulating CgA but not PSA correlated with immunohistochemical CgA (P < 0.03) particularly in metastatic cases. These data support the concept that NE differentiation in human prostate cancer has a negative prognostic significance. Circulating CgA levels reflect immunohistochemical findings.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2001; 12 Suppl 2:S159-64. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pelvic lymphoceles, occurred in patients undergone radical retropubic prostatectomy, are believed to increase the risk of deep venous thrombosis and so thromboembolic complications. The authors' aim is to evaluate the usefulness of pelvic ultrasonography in the diagnosis and in the possible early treatment of pelvic lymphoceles. Fifty-eight patients undergone radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy, between January '98 and December '99, underwent a pelvic ultrasonography in VII post-operative day. When a symptomatic or large (over 5 cm) lymphocele was found, it was treated with ultrasound (US) guided drainage. In the study, the following parameters were considered: lymphocele occurrence, size, location and treatment and thromboembolic complication. Statistical analysis was carried out with Fisher's exact test. Pelvic US showed a lymphocele in 23 out of 58 (40%) patients. Mean size was 5 cm. Deep venous thrombosis occurred in 4 patients, all with pelvic lymphoceles. No thromboembolic complications were recorded. In our experience, pelvic ultrasound has shown to be an easy e reliable tool for diagnosis and percutaneous treatment of pelvic lymphoceles.
    Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia 01/2001; 72(4):194-6.
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the incidence of skeletal complications in patients with bone metastatic prostate cancer and hormone refractory disease. We also assessed the predictive role of bone turnover markers determined at baseline. A total of 112 patients were consecutively enrolled in our study from July 1990 to July 1998 and followed until death or the last followup. Bone pain, disease extent in bone, serum prostate specific antigen, hemoglobin, and a panel of bone formation and resorption markers were assessed at baseline before any second line treatment. Skeletal complications in 34 patients (30.3%, estimated yearly incidence 12.3%) involved vertebral deformity or collapse requiring spinal orthosis in 20 (17.9%), spinal cord compression in 7 (6.2%), pathological bone fracture in 10 (8.9%), symptomatic hypercalcemia in 1 (0.9%) and symptomatic hypocalcemia in 1 (0.9%). Median time to the evidence of the initial skeletal complication was 9.5 months. These adverse events did not influence overall survival. At baseline patients with eventual skeletal complications had greater bone pain (p = 0.02), a heavier tumor load in bone (p = 0.005), lower performance status (p = 0.05), and higher serum alkaline phosphatase (p <0.02) and urinary deoxypyridoline (p <0.05) than their counterparts. Multivariate analysis revealed that only urinary deoxypyridinoline was independently associated with the onset of these events (p <0.02). The scatterplot of urinary deoxypyridinoline values in patients with and without skeletal complications enabled us to detect a cutoff of 38 pM./mM. for predicting 51% of skeletal events with only an 8% false-positive rate. Skeletal complications are common in patients with prostate cancer and hormone refractory disease. Bone loss is the major cause of onset. Baseline deoxypyridinoline at the cutoff point noted had moderate sensitivity but high specificity for predicting these adverse skeletal events.
    The Journal of Urology 10/2000; 164(4):1248-53. · 3.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Circulating neuroendocrine markers were measured in patients with prostate carcinoma (PC), prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), and benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) with the goal to: 1) evaluate the differences in the expression of these markers in patients with benign, premalignant, and primary or metastatic PC; 2) evaluate their prognostic significance; 3) compare values in patients with hormone-naive and hormone-refractory disease; and 4) assess changes after androgen deprivation or chemotherapy. Serum neuron specific enolase (NSE) (immunoradiometric assay) and plasma chromogranin A (CgA) (enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay) were evaluated in 141 patients with BPH, 54 patients with PIN, and 159 patients with PC; 119 patients were bearing hormone-naive disease and 40 were bearing hormone-refractory disease. CgA was monitored in 31 patients submitted to androgen deprivation and in 24 patients receiving chemotherapy. Supranormal CgA was observed more frequently in patients with American Urologic Association (AUA) Stage D2 disease (45.5%) compared with those with Stage D1 disease (33.3%), Stage C disease (16.7%), Stage A/B disease (18.8%), PIN (25.9%), and BPH (17.0%) (P < 0.02). Supranormal NSE did not change in any of the patient subgroups. Elevated CgA was observed in 36.0% of patients with metastases who had hormone-naive disease and in 45.0% of patients with hormone-refractory disease (P value not significant). Supranormal NSE and CgA values were predictors for poor prognosis in patients with hormone-refractory disease. Elevated baseline CgA values decreased > 50% in 1 of 12 patients who received luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogs and in 2 of 12 patients who underwent chemotherapy. CgA appears to reflect the neuroendocrine activity of PC better than NSE. Elevated CgA values correlate with poor prognosis and are scarcely influenced by either endocrine therapy or chemotherapy.
    Cancer 06/2000; 88(11):2590-7. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous in vitro investigations recorded an inhibition of cell proliferation by BCG when added to different cell cultures. The induction of apoptosis by BCG is controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate the influence of BCG on the expression of tumor suppressing proteins p53 and p21Waf1-Cip1 and apoptosis of the urothelial cells in vivo. Twenty-one cases of superficial bladder cancer, treated with TUR and subsequent intravesical BCG, were studied retrospectively. The assays evaluated the expression of p53 and p21Waf1-Cip1 by immunochemistry (IHC), and the presence of apoptosis by TUNEL assay. The estimates were performed, in each case, on the following specimens: one tumor sample and one non-neoplastic sample collected during the TUR which preceded the administration of BCG; one non-neoplastic sample collected 3 months after the diagnosis; and one non-neoplastic sample collected in the first 2 weeks after the completion of the treatment. Samples of 6 cancer recurrences detected during BCG were examined too. As usual for non-neoplastic urothelium, the pre-BCG samples displayed poor p53 and p21Waf1-Cip1 immunoreactivity. By contrast, the samples collected during and in the aftermath of BCG showed an overall increase of the expression of both proteins. The rare occurrence of apoptosis proved to be chronologically unrelated to the BCG treatment. The relationship between changes of the IHC features and BCG suggests that BCG, at least under some circumstances, can induce the activation of wild type p53 and p21Waf1-Cip1 in the urothelium. The mechanism of the BCG-p53 status interaction and its role in the antitumor activity of BCG remain to be clarified.
    The Journal of Urology 08/1999; 162(1):225-30. · 3.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the bladder cancer the most important prognostic factors are the stage, the grade, the presence or absence of lymph nodal metastasis, the response to therapy with B. C. G. etc.... In any case, even in the context of the same clinical stage, it is not possible to correctly evaluate the evolution of the disease. The Author did a literature revision and got a personal contribution about the effective utility of same biological prognostic factors. In a study about superficial bladder tumor using monoclonal antibody MIB-1 (Ki-67) a correlation between proliferation index (P.I.) and grade was noted. In particular the presence of a P.I. above 40% correlated with greater precocity and frequency of recurrences. A similar study showed that the expression of protein p21 correlated with a greater precociousness and with recurrence frequency. In conclusion, we have also carried out an evaluative study on the expression of oncosuppressor gene p53. In superficial bladder cancer this study showed up a correlation between the expression of protein p53 and a greater precociousness and frequency of recurrences.
    Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia 10/1997; 69(4):253-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study is the evaluation of the prognostic importance of p21 protein in superficial bladder cancer. One hundred and fourteen patients with an initial diagnosis of monofocal bladder cancer (stage Ta-T1) following TUR were investigated. On the tissue removed by TUR, besides the usual pathological evaluation, an immuno-histochemical investigation was carried out in order to ascertain the presence of c-ras oncogene product (protein p21). The actuarial curves concerning the time free from the first recurrence were computed, comparing different subgroups in regard to protein p21 presence, grade and stage of the tumour. The analysis of the results shows the importance of tumour stage as a predictor of recurrence, as well as that of the presence of c-ras products. This last factor increases the risk of recurrence almost 2-fold, in the same time lag, for c-ras-positive patients (p < 0.001). The prognostic significance of c-ras is independent of stage. Our data underline the possibility of acquiring important information on the prognosis of superficial bladder cancer patients, pointing out the significance of c-ras oncogene product.
    European Urology 02/1996; 29(4):470-6. · 10.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the proliferative activity of bladder carcinoma using monoclonal antibody Ki-67, which is able to stain a nuclear antigen exclusively present in cells in the cell cycle, that is with activated deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). We used this immunohistochemical technique on neoplastic tissue removed by transurethral resection from 101 patients. A significant correlation was observed (p less than 0.003) between cells with activated DNA and histological grading, even though within the context of each grade we observed tumors with a different proliferation index. Furthermore, we studied the location of the activated cells in the context of the tumor. In invasive tumors (stages T1 to T4) cells with activated DNA were always present at the base of implant of the tumor and in the neoplastic tissue that infiltrates the bladder wall. In regard to noninvasive tumors (stage Ta), in 57% of the cases most cells with activated DNA were present in the vegetative portion of the tumor and there were no recurrences at followup, while in 43% of the cases such cells were present also or especially at the base of implant of the tumor, near the lamina propria. In the latter patients we observed a 94% recurrence rate. These results suggest that the immunohistochemical assessment of the proliferative activity of transitional tumors of the bladder, using monoclonal antibody Ki-67, and the evaluation of the location of stained neoplastic cells provide a more reliable estimate of biological aggressiveness than that obtained with histopathological patterns alone.
    The Journal of Urology 11/1992; 148(4):1149-51. · 3.70 Impact Factor
  • L Rolle, M Bazzan, M Bellina, D Fontana
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombosis in cavernous bodies during erection-induced blood stasis is a exceptional phenomenon. This observation, induced the Authors to study coagulative and fibrinolytic activities of blood in cavernous bodies during pharmacologically induced erection. The results of the tests performed show that the blood of cavernous bodies has a fibrinolytic activity 3 times higher than peripheral blood (FPLA = 277 +- 83 mm2) and did not decrease when plasma was incubated with anti t-PA. During middle length erections, this activity is not expressed and the absence of thrombi formation seems to be due to a slowing of blood coagulation processes. On the other hand, during long-lasting erections, fibrinolysis is induced resulting in a local consumption like coagulopathy. Fibrinolysis in this district is not related to high t-PA plasma levels.
    Archivio italiano di urologia, nefrologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale dell'Associazione per la ricerca in urologia = Urological, nephrological, and andrological sciences 01/1992; 63(4):471-3.

Publication Stats

297 Citations
47.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1990
    • Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria San Luigi Gonzaga
      Orbassano, Piedmont, Italy
  • 1987
    • Università degli Studi di Torino
      • Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy