Jae Yang Kong

Keimyung University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (42)75.33 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by the abnormal aggregation of amyloid-β into neurotoxic oligomers and plaques. Although many disease-modifying molecules are currently in Alzheimer clinical trials, a small molecule that inhibits amyloid-β aggregation and ameliorates the disorder has not been approved to date. Herein, we report the effects of a potent small molecule, 6-methoxy-2-(4-dimethylaminostyryl) benzofuran (KMS88009), that directly disrupts amyloid-β oligomerization, preserving cognitive behavior when used prophylactically and reversing declines in cognitive behavior when used therapeutically. KMS88009 exhibited excellent pharmacokinetic profiles with extensive brain uptake and a high level of safety. When orally administered before and after the onset of Alzheimer's disease symptoms, KMS88009 significantly reduced assembly of amyloid-β oligomers and improved cognitive behaviors in the APP/PS1 double transgenic mouse model. The unique dual mode of action indicates that KMS88009 may be a powerful therapeutic candidate for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e95733. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently some fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitors have shown good efficacy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. In an effort to develop anti-leukemic drugs, we investigated quinolinone derivatives as novel FLT3 inhibitors. Two substituted quinolinones, KR65367 and KR65370 were subjected to FLT3 kinase activity assay and showed potent inhibition against FLT3 kinase activity in vitro, with IC50 of 2.7 and 0.57 nM, respectively. As a measure of selectivity, effects on the activity of other kinases were also tested. Both compounds have negligible activity against Met, Ron, epidermal growth factor receptor, Aurora A, Janus kinase 2, and insulin receptor; with IC50 greater than 10 μM. KR compounds showed strong growth inhibition in MV4;11 AML cells and increased the apoptotic cell death in flow cytometric analyses. A decrease in STAT5 phosphorylation by KR compounds was observed in MV4;11 cells. Furthermore, in vitro evaluation of compounds structurally related to KR65367 and KR65370 showed a good structure-activity relationship.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of stem cell factor (SCF) with its cognate receptor c-Kit is closely associated with the survival and maturation of melanocytes. To investigate novel depigmentation agents, we screened 2,000 plant extracts for c-Kit inhibitors to identify active small molecules by using time-resolved fluorescence enzyme assays. For the active extracts identified as inhibitors of c-Kit enzyme, we evaluated the effects of the active extracts and isolated flavonoids on c-Kit phosphorylation in MO7e/melanocytes. Anti-melanogenic activity was also examined in melanocytes and melanoderm model. The flavonoids such as diosmetin, apigenin, acacetin and luteolin isolated from Chrysanthemum morifolium were found to be active in inhibiting c-Kit both at enzyme and cellular levels. In addition, these flavonoids attenuated SCF-induced proliferation of human primary melanocytes without toxicity and suppressed ultraviolet (UV) B irradiation-mediated melanin synthesis significantly. Among the active flavonoids, diosmetin was found to inhibit SCF-induced melanogenesis in a human melanoderm model. These results strongly suggest that C. morifolium extract and diosmetin have potential to suppress SCF-/UVB-induced melanogenesis, and could be developed as anti-pigmentation agents.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 05/2013; · 1.54 Impact Factor
  • Young-Won Chin, Jae Yang Kong, Sun-Young Han
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    ABSTRACT: The Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), a receptor tyrosine kinase, is involved in the proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of hematopoietic cells. FLT3 is highly overexpressed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) of the majority of patients. Screening for flavonoids including flavones, flavanones, flavonols, and flavanonols disclosed that luteolin was potent FLT3 enzyme inhibitor. Furthermore, luteolin suppressed cell proliferation in MV4;11 cells with constitutively activated FLT3.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 03/2013; 23(6):1768-70. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease drug discovery regarding exploration into the molecules and processes has focused on the intrinsic causes of the brain disorder correlated with the accumulation of amyloid-β. An anti-amyloidogenic bis-styrylbenzene derivative, KMS80013, showed excellent oral bioavailability (F=46.2%), facilitated brain penetration (26%, iv) in mouse and target specific in vivo efficacy in acute AD mouse model attenuating the cognitive deficiency in Y-maze test. Acute toxicity (LD50 >2000mg/kg) and hERG channel inhibition (14% at 10μM) results indicated safety of KMS80013.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 03/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) is the main characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain and Aβ peptides are generated from proteolytic cleavages of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β-site APP-converting enzyme 1 (BACE1) and presenilin 1 (PS1). Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC), a choline-containing sphingolipid, showed suppressive effect on Aβ production in PC12 cells which stably express Swedish mutant of amyloid precursor protein (APPsw). SPC (> 3 μM) significantly lowered the accumulation of Aβ40/42 and the expression of BACE1. However, the transcriptions of other APP processing enzymes like ADAM10 and PS1 were not affected by the SPC addition. Meanwhile, phosphocholine (PC) or other lysophospholipids, such as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), sphingosyl-1-phosphate (S1P), did not alter BACE1 expression. Down-regulatory effect of SPC on BACE1 expression appeared to be mediated by NF-κB which is known to suppress the trans-activation of BACE1 promoter in PC12 cells. Here, the nuclear tanslocation of NF-κB was enhanced by SPC treatment in immune-fluorescent image analysis and NF-κB reporter assay. Furthermore, the catalytic activities of BACE1 and BACE2 were dose-dependently inhibited by SPC displaying IC₅₀ values of 2.79 μM and 12.05 μM, respectively. Overall, these data suggest that SPC has the potential to ameliorate Aβ pathology in neurons by down-regulating the BACE1-mediated amyloidogenic pathway.
    Neurochemical Research 06/2011; 36(11):2083-90. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 09/2010; 33(37).
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    ABSTRACT: A novel series of 5-HT(2A) ligands that contain a (phenylpiperazinyl-propyl)arylsulfonamides skeleton was synthesized. Thirty-seven N-(cycloalkylmethyl)-4-methoxy-N-(3-(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)propyl)-arylsulfonamide and N-(4-(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)butan-2-yl)-arylsulfonamide compounds were obtained. The binding of these compounds to the 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C), and 5-HT(7) receptors was evaluated. Most of the compounds showed IC(50) values of less than 100 nM and exhibited high selectivity for the 5-HT(2A) receptor. Among the synthesized compounds, 16a and 16d showed good affinity at 5-HT(2A) (IC(50)=0.7 nM and 0.5 nM) and good selectivity over 5-HT(2C) (50-100 times) and 5-HT(7) (1500-3000 times).
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 02/2010; 18(4):1665-75. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 31(17).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 30(13).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 33(9).
  • Mi-Jeoung Lee, Jae Yang Kong, Myung Hee Jung
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 31(33).
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    ABSTRACT: In search of novel antipigmentation agents, a set of 3,840 compounds with natural-like synthetic or natural origin were screened against Kit (stem cell factor receptor). Emodin from the seed of Cassia tora and baicalin from Scutellariae radix showed potent inhibitory effects (IC(50) = 4.9 and 9.0 microM, respectively) on the phosphorylation of Kit. Emodin also blocked other receptor tyrosine kinase activities, such as epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR-1), platelet-derived growth factor receptor b (PDGFR-b). In contrast to emodin, aloe-emodin did not inhibit Kit activity at all. Emodin also blocked the cellular kinase activities of Kit and its down-stream p44/42 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) in MO7e cells and human primary melanocytes. Emodin strongly suppressed the melanin synthesis triggered by stem cell factor (SCF) treatment. Also, emodin showed almost no toxicity up to 10 microM on cultured melanocytes as reported previously by other researchers. The results indicate that emodin is a good candidate for the development of antipigmentation agents since it can radically block the differentiation and proliferation of pigment cells by reducing Kit signaling.
    Phytotherapy Research 08/2009; 24(2):308-12. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A variety of 4-substituted quinolin-2(1H)-ones were prepared and evaluated for N-methyl-D-aspar-tate (NMDA) receptor binding site activity and their abilities to inhibit neurotoxicity. The 4-(2-car-bethoxyethanamino)-7-chloro-3-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one (9b) exhibited favorable NMDA receptor binding site activity and 7-chloro-4-(benzylamino)-3-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one (9c) showed the most potent neurotoxicity among them. The synthetic strategies involve the use of well known keto ester condensation and reductive ring cyclization of intermediates (2a-d) to afford 4-substituted quinolin-2(1H)-ones.
    Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry 03/2009; 40(4):617 - 623. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Youmie Park, Jae Yang Kong, Heeyeong Cho
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    ABSTRACT: In the search for novel inhibitors of cathepsin K, a new furanquinone compound, methyl 5-hydroxy-dinaphtho[1,2-2'3']furan-7,12-dione-6-carboxylate (1a), showed in vitro inhibitory activities for cathepsin K. Compound 1a was isolated originally from Paulownia tomentosa stem and its derivatives were synthesized. Furanquinone compounds (1a, 1b, 1c and 1d) were also found to be capable of inhibiting cathepsin L, which is closely related to cathepsin K. The inhibitory activity of the parent compound 1a (IC50 = 21 microm) for cathepsin K was slightly higher than those of the other three derivatives that have a methoxy (1b), propoxy (1c) or acetoxy (1d) group (IC50 = 33-66 microm) in the 5-position of compound 1a. This implies that the 5-hydroxyl functional group of 1a may have favorable effects on the reduction potential which are related to the cathepsin K inhibitory activities of furanquinone compounds. Therefore, the cathepsin K inhibitory activity of a new furanquinone compound is proposed.
    Phytotherapy Research 03/2009; 23(10):1485-8. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new isoflavone, neocorylin ( 1) was isolated from the seeds extract of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae), together with eight known constituents ( 2 - 9), i. e., bakuchiol ( 2), psoralen ( 3), bavachromene ( 4), isobavachromene ( 5), bavachalcone ( 6), isobavachalcone ( 7), 7,8-dihydro-8-(4-hydrophenyl)-2,2-dimethyl-2 H,6 H-[1,2- B:5,4- B']dipyran-6-one ( 8), and bavachinin ( 9). The structure of the new isoflavone 1 was elucidated as 7-hydroxy-3-[2-methyl-2-(4-methylpenten-3-yl)-2 H-chromen-6-yl]-4 H-chromen-4-one by spectroscopic analyses. Neocorylin ( 1) as well as related compounds 2, 4 - 6, 8 and 9 exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on baculovirus-expressed BACE-1 in vitro.
    Planta Medica 08/2008; 74(11):1405-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-four compounds of 4-methoxy-N-[3-(4-substituted phenyl-piperazine-1-yl)propyl] benzene sulfonamides and N-[3-(4-substituted phenyl-piperazine-1-yl)propyl] naphthyl sulfonamides were prepared and evaluated as 5-HT(7) receptor antagonists. Most of the compounds showed the IC(50) values of 12-580nM. Four methyl branched analogues were also obtained, but the activity for methyl branched analogues was almost same as its straight chain congeners. Among the synthesized compounds, 3c showed a good activity on 5-HT(7) receptors and a good selectivity on 5-HT(1a), 5-HT(2a), 5-HT(2c), and 5-HT(6) receptors.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 06/2008; 16(10):5405-12. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 5,7-dichloro-3-phenyl-3-methyl-quinoline-2,4-dione (11a) has been identified in a random screen as a lead for 5-HT(6) antagonist. During the lead optimization process, several analogs were synthesized and their biological activities were investigated. Within this series, several compounds display high binding affinity and selectivity for the 5-HT(6) receptor. In particular, 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methyl-quinoline-2,4-dione (12f) exhibits high affinity (K(i)=12.3 nM) for 5-HT(6) receptor with good selectivity over other serotonin and dopamine (D(1)-D(4)) receptor subtypes. In a functional adenylyl cyclase stimulation assay, this compound exhibited considerable antagonistic activity (IC(50)=0.61 microM).
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2008; 18(2):738-43. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract, please click on HTML or PDF.
    ChemInform 01/2007; 38(19).
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    ABSTRACT: The designing of selective dopamine antagonists for their own subreceptors can be useful in individual therapy of various neuropsychiatric disorders. Three-dimensional pharmacophore hypothesis and two-dimensional topological descriptors were used to investigate and compare different classes of dopamine antagonists. The structurally diverse D(3) and D(4) antagonists above preclinical trials were selected to map common structural features of highly selective and efficacious antagonists. The generated pharmacophore hypotheses were successfully employed as discriminative probe for database screening. To filter out the false positive from screening hits, the classification models by two-dimensional topological descriptors were built. Molconn-Z and BCUT topological descriptors were employed to develop a classification model for 1328 dopamine antagonists from MDDR database. The soft independent modeling of class analogy and artificial neural network, two supervised classification techniques, successfully classified D(1), D(3), and D(4) antagonists at the average of 80% rates into their own active classes. The mean classification rates for D(2) antagonists were obtained to 60% due to insufficient selective D(2) antagonists. In this paper, we report the validity of our models generated using functional feature hypotheses and topological descriptors. The combining both of classification using functional feature hypotheses and topological descriptors would be a useful tool to predict selective antagonists.
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 04/2006; 14(5):1454-61. · 2.90 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

122 Citations
75.33 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Keimyung University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Gyeongsang National University
      Shinshū, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2002–2013
    • Korea Institute of Science and Technology
      • • Center for Neuro-Medicine
      • • Chemical Kinomics Research Center
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Seoul National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Sungshin Women's University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Sangmyung University
      • College of Engineering
      Yŏng-dong, North Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2004
    • Chungbuk National University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Chinsen, North Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2000
    • Konkuk University
      • Department of Veterinary Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea