[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Isochromosome of the long arm of chromosome 20 with loss of interstitial material [ider(20q)] is a variant of deletion of chromosome 20q and a rare abnormality in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We studied seven cases with an ider(20q) in MDS. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies showed all proximal breakpoints to be consistently located in 20q11.21 band whereas distal breakpoints were variable. Amplification of HCK, TNFRSF6B and DIDO1 genes included in retained regions associated with loss of tumour suppressor genes in deleted regions could explain cell tumour progression and possibly the less favourable prognosis of ider(20q) compared with del(20q).
British Journal of Haematology 01/2009; 143(5):716-20. · 4.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chromosomal translocations that target HMGA2 at chromosome band 12q14 are seen in a variety of malignancies, notably lipoma, pleomorphic salivary adenoma and uterine leiomyoma. Although some HMGA2 fusion genes have been reported, several lines of evidence suggest that the critical pathogenic event is the expression of truncated HMGA2 isoforms. We report here the involvement of HMGA2 in six patients with myeloid neoplasia, dysplastic features and translocations or an inversion involving chromosome bands 12q13-15 and either 7p12, 8q22, 11q23, 12p11, 14q31 or 20q11. Breaks within or very close to HMGA2 were found in all six cases by molecular cytogenetic analysis, leading to overexpression of this gene as assessed by RT-PCR. Truncated transcripts consisting of HMGA2 exons 1-2 or exons 1-3 spliced to intron-derived sequences were identified in two patients, but were not seen in controls. These findings suggest that abnormalities of HMGA2 play an important and previously unsuspected role in myelodysplasia.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare heterogeneous disorder, characterized by persistent blood eosinophilia with possible organ involvement. We describe here the case of a 20-year-old atopic male presenting chronic hypereosinophilia and eczema since childhood. Biological findings included hypereosinophilia (9.5 x 10(9)/L), hyperlymphocytosis (10.9 x 10(9)/L), polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia and elevated IgE serum level. Flow cytometric analysis of blood lymphoid cells showed a population of CD2+CD3-CD4+TCRab-TCRgd- lymphocytes. These cells displayed a Th0/Th2 cytokine profile, and a clonal TCR rearrangement pattern. A high serum TARC level was observed. Karyotype studies on blood stimulated culture or lymph nodes revealed a cellular hyperdiploïd clone 47, XY, +7. To our knowledge, this chromosomal aberration has never been reported in such case.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukemia cutis (LC) are not rare in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in children but exceptionally reveal it. Most authors think that they have poor prognosis. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an infant with isolated cutaneous involvement at the time of diagnosis of leukaemia. Bone marrow aspiration showed AML M5. The child was treated by LAME 91 protocol, arm "infant under one year of age". Complete remission, both in bone marrow and skin, was obtained after induction course. Then the patient received consolidation course and megatherapy followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. Skin relapse occurred early. The complete remission no. 2 was not obtained by second line treatment: new LC appeared when PMN count increased more than 10(9)/l. Then, the child was treated with oral VP16 but disease progressed with more and more LC, followed by bone marrow relapse. Child's death occurred about one year after diagnosis.
Archives de Pédiatrie 11/2002; 9(10):1046-9. · 0.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukemia cutis (LC) are not rare in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in children but exceptionally reveal it. Most authors think that they have poor prognosis.Case report. – We report the case of an infant with isolated cutaneous involvement at the time of diagnosis of leukaemia. Bone marrow aspiration showed AML M5. The child was treated by LAME 91 protocol, arm “infant under one year of age”. Complete remission, both in bone marrow and skin, was obtained after induction course. Then the patient received consolidation course and megatherapy followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. Skin relapse occurred early. The complete remission n° 2 was not obtained by second line treatment: new LC appeared when PMN count increased more than 109/l. Then, the child was treated with oral VP16 but disease progressed with more and more LC, followed by bone marrow relapse. Child’s death occurred about one year after diagnosis.
Archives De Pediatrie - ARCHIVES PEDIATRIE. 01/2002; 9(10):1046-1049.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The p16INK4a gene is frequently inactivated in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), by homozygous deletion. However, p16INK4a protein expression also varies widely in ALL blasts. We investigated the p16INK4a protein expression by immunocytochemistry (ICC) analysis in 76 cases adult ALL. We observed a great variation of the percentage of ICC-positive leukemic cells between samples even in which FISH analysis did not find p16INK4a gene deletion. All patients carrying a p16INK4a gene homozygous deletion were also negative by ICC. ALL with negative p16INK4a ICC were more frequently of T lineage, but no significant differences for white blood cell count, presence of bulky disease, karyotype, hemoglobin level, complete remission rate, overall and event-free survival (EFS) were found. However overall survival and EFS were significantly lower in patients negative by ICC, when analysis was performed in ALL with standard risk karyotype. We also analyzed sequentially at diagnosis and relapse nine cases and observed that one case lost p16INK4a expression between diagnosis and relapse, but that on the contrary three other samples showed increased expression at relapse. These findings suggest that p16INK4a ICC and deletion analysis provide distinct information about ALL cells and that the simple ICC method may be of prognostic value in standard risk adult ALL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A careful prognostic evaluation of patients referred for high-dose therapy (HDT) is warranted to identify those who maximally benefit from HDT as well as those who clearly fail current HDT and are candidates for more innovative treatments. In a series of 110 patients with myeloma who received HDT as first-line therapy, times to event (disease progression and death) were studied through proportional hazard models, in relation to different prognostic factors, including a chromosome 13 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis using a D13S319 probe. Delta13 was detected in 42 patients (38%). Follow-up time among surviving patients and survival time were 48 +/- 3 and 51 +/- 7 months, respectively (median +/- SE). In the univariate analysis, Delta13 was the most powerful adverse prognostic factor for all times to event, especially for the survival time (P <.0001) and was followed by beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) levels 2.5 mg/L or higher (P =.0001). The comparison of survival prognostic models including beta2m 2.5 mg/L or greater and another factor favored the Delta13/beta2m combination. In 22 patients (20%) with no unfavorable factor, the median survival time was not reached at 111 months. In contrast, among 55 patients (50%) with one unfavorable factor and 33 patients (30%) with 2 unfavorable factors, median survival times were 47.3 +/- 4.6 months and 25.3 +/- 3.2 months, respectively (P <.0001). We conclude that delta13, adequately detected by FISH analysis, is a very strong factor related to poor survival, especially when associated with a beta2m level of 2.5 mg/L or higher. Routine FISH Delta13 assessment is strongly recommended for patients considered for HDT.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The AML1 gene, situated in 21q22, is often rearranged in acute leukemias through t(8;21) translocation, t(12;21) translocation, or less often t(3;21) translocation. Recently, point mutations in the Runt domain of the AML1 gene have also been reported in leukemia patients. Observations for mutations of the Runt domain of the AML1 gene in bone marrow cells were made in 300 patients, including 131 with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 94 with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 28 with blast crisis chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), 3 with atypical CML, 41 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 3 with essential thrombocythemia (ET). Forty-one of the patients had chromosome 21 abnormalities, including t(8;21) in 6 of the patients with AML, t(12;21) in 8 patients with ALL, acquired trisomy 21 in 17 patients, tetrasomy 21 in 7 patients, and constitutional trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) in 3 patients. A point mutation was found in 14 cases (4.7%), including 9 (22%) of the 41 patients with AML of the Mo type (MoAML) (none of them had detectable chromosome 21 rearrangement) and 5 (38%) of the 13 myeloid malignancies with acquired trisomy 21 (1 M1AML, 2 M2AML, 1 ET, and 1 atypical CML). In at least 8 of 9 mutated cases of MoAML, both AML alleles were mutated: 3 patients had different stop codon mutations of the 2 AML1 alleles, and 5 patients had the same missense or stop codon mutation in both AML1 alleles, which resulted in at least 3 of the patients having duplication of the mutated allele and deletion of the normal residual allele, as shown by FISH analysis and by comparing microsatellite analyses of several chromosome 21 markers on diagnosis and remission samples. In the remaining mutated cases, with acquired trisomy 21, a missense mutation of AML1, which involved 2 of the 3 copies of the AML1 gene, was found. Four of the 7 mutated cases could be reanalyzed in complete remission, and no AML1 mutation was found, showing that mutations were acquired in the leukemic clone. In conclusion, these findings confirm the possibility of mutations of the Runt domain of the AML1 gene in leukemias, mainly in MoAML and in myeloid malignancies with acquired trisomy 21. AML1 mutations, in MoAML, involved both alleles and probably lead to nonfunctional AML1 protein. As AML1 protein regulates the expression of the myeloperoxidase gene, the relationship between AML1 mutations and Mo phenotype in AML will have to be further explored. (Blood. 2000;96:2862-2869)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We recently isolated the RhoH/TTF gene by its fusion to the LAZ3/BCL6 gene, in a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) cell line, which bore a t(3;4)(q27;p11-13) translocation. This gene encodes a novel Rho GTP-binding protein and is specifically expressed in hematopoietic tissues. We made its precise mapping at band 4p13, and described its partial genomic structure. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization and molecular analyses, we report here on the rearrangement of the RhoH/TTF gene, at band 4p13, in four cases of NHL with t(3;4)(q27;p13) translocation and its fusion to the LAZ3/BCL6 gene at band 3q27, in three of these cases. RT-PCR analysis of two cases allowed the detection of variable fusion transcripts emerging from the rearranged alleles, and in one case, a deregulated expression of both RhoH/TTF and LAZ3/BCL6 genes, by promoter substitution, was observed. We also show here another rearrangement of the RhoH/TTF gene in a patient with multiple myeloma and t(4;14)(p13;q32) translocation, with breakage within the IGH gene. It is the first report which describes the recurrent chromosomal alteration of a GTP-binding protein encoding gene, in patients with hematopoietic malignancies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chromosomal translocations involving the chromosome 3q27 region are common in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), mainly diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL) and less often in follicular lymphoma. Most of these rearrangements involve the same major translocation cluster (MTC) on the 3q27 region, disrupting the LAZ3/BCL6 gene. Some of those translocations are difficult to detect by cytogenetic analysis and/or Southern-blot analysis. In the present report we used a FISH assay to improve the detection of LAZ3/BCL6 rearrangements.
We isolated a YAC clone (803g3), containing the BCL6 gene, in order to analyze by FISH 19 cases of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with cytogenetically detectable 3q27 rearrangement, including reciprocal translocation in 11 cases, deletion in two cases, and addition of undefined chromosomal material on 3q27 in six cases.
In the 11 cases with reciprocal translocation, FISH results confirmed cytogenetic data and showed disruption of the LAZ3 region: four t(3;4)(q27;p13), two t(3;11)(q27;q23.1), four t(3;14)(q27;q32) and one t(2;3)(p12;q27). In two of the cases, reciprocal t(3;14) was associated with other cytogenetically detectable abnormalities of 3q27, but FISH showed that they did not affect the LAZ3 gene region. FISH demonstrated a reciprocal translocation with LAZ3 gene rearrangement in two of the six patients with add 3q27: one t(3;11) and one t(3;14). In the two patients with del(3q27), one had two 3q27 FISH signals and one had only one 3q27 FISH signal, but no LAZ3 gene rearrangement was observed.
We have identified a YAC containing the LAZ3/BCL6 gene. This YAC probe could be useful in clinical practice to demonstrate LAZ3 rearrangements by FISH analysis on tumor samples in NHL.
The Hematology Journal 02/2000; 1(2):117-25. · 1.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A small number of chronic myeloproliferative disorders with hematologic features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) or atypical chronic myeloid leukemia and Ph1 chromosome with m-BCR rearrangement have been reported (p190 CMPD). We report here 3 new cases of p190 CMPD that had unusual features. In 2 of the cases the m-BCR rearrangement appeared to be a secondary event.
Patients were studied by cytogenetic, FISH, and molecular biology analyses and followed-up clinically.
The first patient initially had typical 5q- syndrome, without m-BCR rearrangement. Five years later, she developed hematologic features of CMML, with t(9;22) translocation, m-BCR rearrangement and high levels of p190 BCR-ABL transcript. The second patient initially had hematologic characteristics of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with t(9;22) translocation and m-BCR rearrangement but also other complex cytogenetic findings including 17p rearrangement. Monocytosis developed during the course of the disease. The third patient initially had agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM). Five years later, while the hematologic characteristics were still those of AMM, a first karyotype showed a t(9;22) translocation and molecular analysis showed a very low level of p190 BCR-ABL transcript. Four years later, the patient developed hematologic features of atypical CML with blood monocytosis, t(9;22) and much greater (100 fold) p190 BCR-ABL transcript levels.
Our 3 cases and review of the previously published cases show the variability of clinical features of p190 positive CMPD. Our results also suggest that, at least in some cases, p190 BCR-ABL rearrangement could be a secondary event in the course of a myeloid disorder.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The LAZ3(BCL6) gene on chromosome band 3q27 is nonrandomly disrupted in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) by chromosomal translocations clustered within a 3.3-kb MTC (major translocation cluster) located between the two first noncoding exons. These translocations generally result in the expression of a chimeric mRNA transcript between the LAZ3 gene and sequences derived from the partner chromosome. Using RACE RT-PCR, we previously demonstrated fusion of LAZ3 with the RhoH/TTF gene, a hemopoietic cell-specific small GTPase involved in cytoskeleton organization, and with the BOB1/OBF1 gene, a B-cell-specific coactivator of octamer-binding transcription factors, following translocations t(3;4)(q27;p13) and t(3;11)(q27;q23), respectively. Here we report the identification of the L-Plastin(LCP1) gene as a novel LAZ3 partner in chimeric transcripts resulting from a t(3;13)(q27;q14) translocation, in two cases of B-cell lymphoma. As a consequence of the translocation, the 5' regulatory region of each gene was exchanged, creating both LCP1-LAZ3 and reciprocal LAZ3-LCP1 fusion transcripts in one case, and only a LCP1-LAZ3 fusion transcript in the other. The 13q14 chromosome region is frequently disrupted in various proliferative disorders, and the LCP1 gene defines a new breakpoint site in this region. This gene encodes an actin-binding protein and is the second LAZ3 partner gene, with the RhoH/TTF gene, involved in actin cytoskeleton organization. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 26:97-105, 1999.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 11/1999; 26(2):97-105. · 3.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A transient leukemoid disorder (TLD) was observed in a newborn with Down syndrome (DS), demonstrating a clonal abnormality: 47,XX,der(X;15)(p10;q10),+21(c). Spontaneous remission was observed, but 19 months later an acute leukemia from the myeloid series was discovered. Cytogenetic study revealed the same structural change as at birth, with karyotypic evolution corresponding to addition of one chromosome 8 and a fourth chromosome 21. These findings demonstrate, at least in our patient, that TLD and the subsequent acute leukemia are closely related and that TLD, closely related to DS, must be viewed as a preleukemic disorder undergoing spontaneous remission. A review of literature data shows that most cytogenetic studies reported so far are related to either TLD or acute leukemia in DS. Serial studies performed in the same patient are quite infrequent and, to the best of our knowledge, there is only one other report demonstrating a cytogenetic relation between TLD and the subsequent acute leukemia.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 10/1999; 113(2):166-71. · 1.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report four cases of follicular lymphoma with both t(14;18)(q32;q21) and the newly characterized t(3;4)(q27;p13). Molecular investigation confirmed LAZ3 (BCL6) rearrangement for all patients. The 3q27 aberrations have been rarely described in low-grade lymphomas and may represent secondary events whose implication remains to be elucidated.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 07/1999; 111(2):157-60. · 1.93 Impact Factor