A Papachristodoulou

Laiko Hospital, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (24)20.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine whether there was an association between acute rejection (AR) and nitric oxide (NO) levels and also to evaluate the clinical impact of NO measurement as a noninvasive marker for early detection of AR. Fifty consecutive patients aged 17-62 years old received a living-related kidney graft. Serum levels of total nitrite and nitrate (NOx) were measured 30 min after graft reperfusion (NOx 1) and on days 1 (NOx 2), 5 (NOx 3), and 10 (NOx 4) post-transplantation (Tx). If clinically indicated, graft biopsy was performed. Acute humoral rejection was diagnosed by biopsy on 3rd post-Tx day in one patient. His serum NOx 2 levels were remarkably higher (380%) compared with his NOx 1 measurement. At the same time, NOx 1-2 measurements in uncomplicated group showed lower levels (-12%). Additionally, during the first month post-Tx, 5 cases of acute cellular rejection (ACR) were diagnosed. The mean percent change of NOx 3-4 levels in ACR group was 180.7 versus 16.1 in uncomplicated patients (P < 0.01). In addition, >70 μmol/L change in NOx levels in consecutive samples had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 97.7% in predicting AR episodes. Our study reports significant increase in serum NOx levels in episodes of AR. NOx might be an useful noninvasive marker for early diagnosis of AR.
    International Urology and Nephrology 10/2010; 43(3):883-90. · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • D Mantas, N Karidis, A Papachristodoulou
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a frequently occurring soft tissue tumour with aggressive biological behaviour. Primary MFH of the spleen, however, is an exceedingly rare occurrence. Herein, we report a case of such a neoplasm in a 66-year-old female. The tumour was well localised within the spleen and the patient remains alive and well 34 months after splenectomy without any adjuvant therapy. A brief discussion and review of the few cases of primary splenic MFH previously reported in the English language literature is included.
    Acta chirurgica Belgica 01/2010; 110(5):558-60. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nipple discharge is reported in 2.5-3% of women with breast carcinoma. Breast carcinoma is found in approximately 8% of surgically treated patients presenting with bloody nipple discharge (ND). In the present study 110 women with ND as a presenting symptom were examined. The discharge was spontaneous in 76 and elicited in 11 patients. After surgical intervention benign breast disease was found in 85% of patients. Thirteen women (15%) were found to have malignancy and underwent additional surgery. Cytology of the discharge was positive or suspicious for malignancy in only seven out of 13 patients found to have in situ or invasive carcinoma. Women with spontaneous, single duct ND, especially when it is darkish or bloody, should have cytological examination of the fluid and mammography according to their age or additional clinical findings. Most of them will require a microdochectomy, as the possibility of finding a carcinoma among those women is between 10-15%. However, single duct papilloma is the most common cause of bloody discharge.
    European journal of gynaecological oncology 02/2006; 27(3):275-8. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fournier's gangrene is an aggressive form of necrotizing fascitis of the perineal, perianal or genital regions, caused by a polymicrobial infection that includes virulent organisms. Eleven cases of Fournier's gangrene were treated in our department during the last 20 years. Portals of entry were ischiorectal abscess, perirectal abscesses, scrotal abscess and trauma in the perianal area. The documents were analyzed according to clinical and epidemiologic patterns. We dispensed systemic chemotherapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics, and performed surgical debridement for all patients. In addition, one patient was treated by local use of 100% oxygen, with excellent results in wound healing. All patients made a full recovery, except one who died of sepsis. These cases are presented with some notes underlying the reasons for the persisting incidence and mortality of this disease.
    International Urology and Nephrology 02/2006; 38(3-4):653-7. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to present an unusual site of renal cell carcinoma metastasis. A 60-year old man presented to our clinic with massive rectal bleeding. A large small intestine metastasis from renal cell carcinoma was evidenced by an elective angiography of the superior mesenteric artery. This metastasis was surgically excised.
    Acta chirurgica Belgica 05/2004; 104(2):229-30. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • G Karatzas, E Kouskos, G Kouraklis, D Mantas, A Papachristodoulou
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoids are rare neuroendocrine tumors of great interest because of the multitude of the peptide hormones they produce, their clinical manifestations, the carcinoid syndrome they cause, their biologic behavior, and the methods of their surgical and adjuvant treatment. In this retrospective study, 25 patients with carcinoid tumors admitted and surgically treated in our department during the last 10 years are presented. Most of the cases were located in the ileum (n = 8) and appendix (n = 12). The remaining cases were located in the rectum (n = 2), stomach (n = 1), duodenum (n = 1), and ileocecal valve (n = 1). After tumor resection and postoperative treatment, mainly with somatostatin analogs, our patients had a good recovery, and only five deaths were reported during follow-up. Carcinoids, despite the fact that they are usually silent and diagnosed with advanced stage, have good prognosis and offer, after effective treatment, long survival.
    International surgery 01/2004; 89(1):21-6. · 0.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Local recurrence of colorectal cancer after curative surgery is a major clinical problem. The aim of our study was to present our experience in this field. Between January 1990 and December 2000, 572 patients underwent resection for colorectal cancer in our department; 66 of them had local recurrence within the first 2 years. Most of those patients had Dukes' stage B (n = 24) or stage C (n = 37) tumors, which were located mainly in the rectum (n = 40) and sigmoid colon (n = 18). The incidence of local recurrence was 11% and 15.9% for tumors that were Dukes' stages B and C, respectively. Thirty-five of 66 patients received palliative treatment, and 28 of them died within 9 months. The remaining 31 patients underwent radical excision of the recurrent tumor: 11 of these patients died within 2 years, and 20 were still alive after 30 months. The only hope for long-term survival for patients presenting with local recurrence from colorectal cancer after primary radical treatment is to identify local recurrence at an early stage and treat it in a radical manner.
    International surgery 01/2002; 87(1):19-24. · 0.31 Impact Factor
  • The European Journal of Surgery 07/2001; 167(6):470-1.
  • C Fotiadis, G N Zografos, G Karatzas, A Papachristodoulou, M N Sechas
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    ABSTRACT: We report three cases of patients with liposarcomas of the abdomen who had been treated during the last 13 years (1980-1993). Two patients were men, aged 29 and 51 years, with tumors of the retroperitoneal space and the third patient was a woman aged 64 years with a tumor in the peritoneal cavity. Therapeutic treatment was as aggressive as possible excision of the tumor. In the case of the first male patient, the histological examination revealed a retroperitoneal myxoid liposarcoma which recurred 5 times within 13 years. In the second male patient, it revealed a well differentiated retroperitoneal liposarcoma of the sclerosing type which recurred 5 times within 5 years since the first treatment. Finally, the one female patient had 2 recurrences of myxoid liposarcoma of the abdomen 9 years after the first operation, presented with an infected mass and has been well since then.
    Anticancer research 01/2000; 20(1B):579-83. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydatid disease may affect several organs in the human body and thus represents a major challenge for the general surgeon. The aim of this study was to analyze the multiple clinical presentations of hydatid disease and the surgical options according to the involved organ. The medical records of 272 adult patients operated on for hydatid disease in our department during the period 1970-1996 were retrospectively reviewed. The most commonly involved organ was the liver (204 patients; 75%), followed by the lung (42 patients; 15.4%) and the spleen (14 patients; 5.1%). In 12 patients, the cysts were located in uncommon sites: in the pancreas (4 patients; 1.5%), the gallbladder (2 patients; 0.74%), the kidney, the thyroid gland, the breast, the pericardium, the supraclavicular region and the thigh (1 patient in each case; 0.37%). Clinical symptomatology varied according to anatomic location and pre-operative diagnosis was accomplished with plain abdominal films, ultrasound, computerized tomography and serological tests. The surgical procedures performed included simple closure with drainage, unroofing of the cyst with omentoplasty (for liver cysts), marsupialization, cyst excision, excision of the involved organ or combinations of procedures. Postoperative morbidity was mainly due to septic complications (n = 41), postoperative bleeding (n = 2), deep vein thrombosis (n = 2) and fistulae (n = 13). Four patients died in the early postoperative period (mortality rate, 1.5%) secondary to septic complications (n = 3) and pulmonary embolism (n = 1). During long-term follow-up, 14 patients developed recurrent disease. In conclusion, hydatid disease should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic masses in solid organs or other anatomic sites, especially in endemic countries. Since there is not an effective medical treatment, surgery still remains the treatment of choice, offering a good clinical result and an acceptable recurrence rate.
    International surgery 01/2000; 85(4):358-65. · 0.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective study on patients with gastric cancer during the periods 1984-88 (n = 63 patients) and 1989-93 (n = 59 patients) was made. The aim of the study was to assess any changing patterns in tumour distribution, surgical management and survival during the two periods. When the diagnosis was made, the majority of tumours were advanced: 58 were stage IV and 21 were stage IIIB, with 43 tumours at earlier stages. The incidence of proximally located gastric adenocarcinomas increased from 15.9 to 27.1%, while the incidence of carcinomas located in the body decreased from 34.9 to 23.7%. The majority of patients underwent conservative gastrectomy. The proportion of proximal gastrectomies increased from 3.2 to 15.3 per cent (p = 0.02), whereas the proportion of combined resection of adjacent organs decreased from 38.1 to 22.0 per cent (p = 0.04). Perioperative mortality rate decreased from 17.5 to 1.7 per cent (p = 0.003). Prognosis remained unchanged in the two periods; overall 5-year survival is calculated as 12 per cent.
    Acta chirurgica Belgica 05/1999; 99(2):59-63. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • A Papachristodoulou, E Misiakos, G Kouraklis, A Androulaki, J Gogas
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively evaluated clinicopathologic features of 35 patients treated for primary gastrointestinal lymphomas of MALT type (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue) between 1970 and 1993. Fourteen patients (40%) were treated for acute abdominal conditions (bowel obstruction in 8, perforation in 2, and gastrointestinal bleeding in 4), and the rest had exploratory laparotomy. The tumor was located in the stomach in 23 patients (66%), in the jejunum and ileum in 10 (29%), and in the large intestine in 2 (6%). The type of operation was defined according to site and extent of disease. Most patients received chemotherapy postoperatively. Staging was done according to the Ann Arbor classification. Survival depended on stage and extension of the disease; 5-year survival was 45%. Surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy is warranted when the patient is considered to be a surgical candidate.
    Southern Medical Journal 08/1997; 90(7):723-8. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Between January 1984 and December 1990, 56 patients with hydatid liver disease were treated surgically at our Department. Diagnosis was made by using clinical criteria, serology and imaging techniques. Most frequent clinical symptom was abdominal pain or local discomfort (38 patients, 68%). Plain X-ray of the abdomen was helpful in 20 patients (36%), liver ultrasound in 53 (93%) and computerised tumorgraphy in 56 patients, (100%). The immunoelectrophoresis test of "arc 5" was sensitive in 51 patients (91%). Thirty patients (53%) underwent partial resection and omentoplasty, 17 patients (30%) underwent external drainage, two cystic resection (3%), one left lateral lobectomy (2%) and six (11%) underwent omentoplasty and T-tube insertion. Fatal complications did not occur. Four patients developed hepatic abscess (7%), three wound infection (5%), one bowel obstruction (2%) and in five instances (8%) drainage was maintained for more than three months. Of the 49 patients available for follow-up (87%), three (6%) developed recurrent disease.
    Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 02/1997; 122(5):339-43. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    Annals of Oncology 09/1996; 7(6):644-5. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • Balkan Congress of Oncology, Athens; 07/1996
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in biochemical pharmacology have revealed the basis for the biological modulation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by methotrexate (MTX) and folinic acid (FA). Sequential use of MTX given 24 h prior to 5-FU has resulted in enhanced cell kill in vitro and in vivo. In addition, administration of FA prior to 5-FU has led to potentiation of 5-FU action by stabilization of the ternary complex of thymidine synthase. In the present randomized study, two groups of patients with advanced colorectal cancer were treated as follows: 43 patients (pts) in group A received 5-FU + FA, whereas 45 pts in group B received 5-FU + FA + MTX. The dosage was as follows: group A received FA i.v. at 300 mg/m2 per day, prior to i.v. 5-FU at 500 mg/m2 per day on days 1-4; group B was given MTX i.v. at 130 mg/m2 per day on day 0, followed 24 h later by FA at 15 mg q6h x 6, and 5-FU + FA was started on day 1 and given at the same doses and schedule described for group A. Objective responses were achieved by 8/43 pts in group A (1 complete response and 7 partial responses) and by 18/45 pts in group B (3 complete and 15 partial responses), all occurring in the liver. There was no significant difference in the median time to progression (group A 6.1 months, group B 6.8 months) or the median survival (group A 9.2 months, group B 10.3 months). Toxicity was significantly greater in group B [grade 2-3 mucositis 20% versus only 2% in group A (P < 0.0001); grade 3 diarrhea in group B 15% versus 3% in group A (P < 0.001)]. According to our results, double biological modulation of 5-FU with MTX + FA led to an enhanced response rate with increased toxicity as compared with the 5-FU + FA regimen given at less than its maximally tolerated dose.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 01/1996; 38(3):292-7. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    D Mantas, A Papachristodoulou
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    ABSTRACT: Angiomyolipomas are frequent tumours of the kidneys. They are very important in the differential diagnosis of other kidney tumours; sometimes they can present a large size and manifest as an acute massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage. They generally should not be treated unless there are life-threatening problems. In this case report, we present an acute surgical condition due to rupture and haemorrhage of a giant angiomyolipoma. In addition, we review the literature on angiomyolipomas and their severe complications in order to help young surgeons who may be involved in such difficult and life-threatening cases as ours.
    Acta chirurgica Belgica 01/1994; 106(6):707-9. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The records of 121 patients with obstructing cancer of the colon were reviewed. About one-third of the patients had metastatic disease at the time of operation. Primary resection and anastomosis of the intestine was performed for most cancers of the ascending or transverse colon. Hartmann's procedure was performed in most patients with cancer of the sigmoid colon and rectum. Wound infection occurred in 20 patients (16.5%) and anastomotic leakage in six (4.9%). The operative mortality rate was 14.9%. The 5-year survival rate was 13.5%. Acute colonic obstruction is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The high incidence of advanced disease, advanced age, delay in tumour excision and unprepared bowel are some of the factors resulting in the poor prognosis of these patients.
    Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 11/1993; 38(5):296-8.
  • George C. Nikou, D. Douratsos, E. Papalambrou, A. Papachristodoulou
    II United European Gastroenterology Week, Barcelona; 07/1993