Davut Albayrak

Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Djanik, Samsun, Turkey

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Publications (32)63.47 Total impact

  • Canan Albayrak, Davut Albayrak
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    ABSTRACT: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an X-linked recessive genetic defect that can cause hemolytic crisis. However, this disease affects both males and females. In Turkey, the frequency of this enzyme deficiency was reported to vary, from 0.25 to 18%, by the geographical area. Its prevalence in the northern Black Sea region of Turkey is unknown. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of G6PD deficiency in the northern region Turkey in children and adults with hyperbilirubinemia and hemolytic anemia. This report included a total of 976 G6PD enzyme results that were analyzed between May 2005 and January 2014. G6PD deficiency was detected in 5.0% of all patients. G6PD deficiency was significantly less frequent in females (1.9%, 6/323) than in males (6.6%, 43/653). G6PD deficiency was detected in 3.7% of infants with hyperbilirubinemia, 9.2% of children, and 4.5% of adults with hemolytic anemia. In both the newborn group and the group of children, G6PD deficiency was significantly more frequent in males. In the combined group of children (groups I and II), the proportion of males was 74% and 67% in all groups (P = .0008). In conclusion, in northern region of Turkey, G6PD deficiency is an important cause of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and hemolytic crisis in children and adults. This study suggests that most pediatricians thought that G6PD deficiency is exclusively a male disease. For this reason, some female patients may have been undiagnosed.
    Pediatric Hematology-Oncology. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical feature and outcome of invasive fungal infections (IFI) in children with hematologic and malign diseases.
    Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We report a RAG2-deficient patient with severe combined immunodeficiency and hemophagocytic bone marrow aplasia with plasma cells after a nonconditioned transplantation from a fully matched sibling. After engraftment, disseminated BCGosis appeared because of graft versus host disease prophylaxis. On the 55th day, eosinophilia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia developed. Aplasia, hemophagocytic histiocytes, and plasma cells were found on his bone marrow with very high level of serum immunoglobulin E. We could not discriminate exactly whether BCGosis or alloimmune response is the cause of hemophagocytic aplasia with plasma cells. Despite the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with a reduced intensity conditioning regime, his marrow aplasia did not recover and he died. This case suggests that BCGosis might be associated with hemophagocytic marrow aplasia with plasma cells in an alloimmune reaction.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 02/2013; · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human Autosomal Recessive Osteopetrosis (ARO) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by reduced bone resorption by osteoclasts. In 2000, we found that mutations in TCIRG1 gene encoding for a subunit of the proton pump (V-ATPase) are responsible for more than half of ARO cases. Afterwards, five additional genes have been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease, leaving approximately 25% of cases that could not be associated with a genotype. Very recently, a mutation in the Sorting Nexin 10 (SNX10) gene, whose product is suggested to interact with the proton pump, has been found in three consanguineous families of Palestinian origin, thus adding a new candidate gene in patients not previously classified. Here we report the identification of 9 novel mutations in this gene in 14 ARO patients from 12 unrelated families of different geographic origin. Interestingly, we define the molecular defect in 3 cases of "Västerbottenian osteopetrosis", named for the Swedish Province where a higher incidence of the disease has been reported. In our cohort of more than 310 patients from all over the world, SNX10-dependent ARO constitutes 4% of the cases, with a frequency comparable to the RANKL, RANK and OSTM1-dependent subsets. Although the clinical presentation is relatively variable in severity, bone seems to be the only affected tissue and the defect can be almost completely rescued by Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT). These results confirm the involvement of SNX10 gene in human ARO and identify a new subset with a relatively favorable prognosis as compared to TCIRG1-dependent cases. Further analyses will help to better understand SNX10 role in osteoclast physiology and verify whether this protein might be considered a new target for selective anti-resorptive therapies. © 2012 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 12/2012; · 6.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate serum prealbumin levels in chemotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity and to compare them with the other tests that are routinely used in children with cancer. We studied serum prealbumin levels before and 1, 3, 7, and 21 days after chemotherapy in addition to other tests (AST, ALT, ALP, total protein, albumin, total and direct bilirubin) in twenty-eight children with cancer receiving various combinations of chemotherapeutics. Serum ALT, AST, ALP, albumin and total and direct bilirubin were determined by enzymatic and photometric methods. Prealbumin was determined by an immunonephelometric method. Total protein and albumin were decreased, AST, ALT, ALP, and total and direct bilirubin levels were increased after chemotherapy and returned to the normal levels on the 21st day of chemotherapy, but these changes were not statistically significant. Prealbumin levels were significantly decreased on the first day of chemotherapy and returned to normal on the 21st day (p=0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of prealbumin were 28.5 % and 66.6 % on the third day and 40.0 % and 73.9 % on the seventh day, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 22.2 % and 73.6 % on the third day and 25.0 % and 85.0 % on the seventh day, respectively. Serum prealbumin levels seem not to be a good marker of chemotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity in respect to the other biochemical markers. On the other hand, hepatotoxicity of chemotherapy which may be fatal in severe cases and cessation of the ongoing chemotherapy may be warranted with the early decrease of prealbumin levels but it should be evaluated in larger group of patients before this conclusion (Tab. 4, Fig. 1, Ref. 18).
    Bratislavske lekarske listy 01/2012; 113(6):368-71. · 0.47 Impact Factor
  • Pediatric Blood & Cancer 09/2011; 58(4):647-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study was to investigate of the influences of high-dose (20 mg/kg/day) methyl prednisolone (HDMP) and granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) in shortening the duration of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia encountered in children with ALL receiving maintenance therapy. Sixty-four non-febrile neutropenic attacks developed in 29 patients with ALL receiving St Jude XIII maintenance protocol were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were clinically followed up without drugs for shortening the duration of neutropenia in 21 (32.8%) attacs, while HDMP and G-CSF were administered in 26 (40.6%) and 17 (26.6%) attacks, respectively. After the detection of neutropenia, restoration of neutrophil counts at 2nd or 4th days to the levels that allow resuming the chemotherapy were considered as success. While second day and overall success rates in patients administered HDMP and G-CSF were significantly higher than the patients who were observed clinically. Both second day and overall neutrophil counts were significantly higher in patients administered G-CSF than the other groups. Methyl prednisolone and G-CSF treatments were well-tolerated by the patients. The cost-per neutropenic attack was significantly higher in G-CSF group than of the HDMP group. Especially in patients experiencing frequent neutropenic attacks and hence interruptions of the therapy, one of the myelopoiesis induction therapies can be used to shorten the duration of neutropenia. For this indication short-course HDMP therapy can be considered as an alternative to G-CSF in this patients due to its relatively low cost, amenability to outpatient administration, and well-tolerability by children.
    Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology 03/2011; 26(3):418-23. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molluscum contagiosum is an infectious disease presenting with flesh-colored, dome-shaped, umblicated papules. A few atypical presentations have been reported in immunodeficient patients. A 5-year-old boy with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, presented with bright white-colored papular lesions with no umblications on the chin during his continuation chemotherapy. Increased number of the lesions covered almost his entire chin in months. Topical therapies did not improve the lesions. After his bone marrow relapse, induction chemotherapy was withheld because of bronchopneumonia after febrile neutropenia. After initiation of a combination of systemic parenteral antibiotic and antifungal therapies, his parents squeezed one of his papular lesions. Meanwhile, systemic acyclovir was added to his therapy, because of herpes labialis. Despite the large spectrum of his therapies, in 1.5 months, this small lesion progressed to a large lesion with erythematous ground and a central ulceration. Etiology of the lesion could not be enlightened until a skin biopsy that was compatible with the molluscum contagiosum. A partial resolution was achieved by cryotherapy. In conclusion, molluscum contagiosum may present as an ulcerating lesion during childhood leukemia treatment. A skin biopsy should be performed for the accurate diagnosis of atypical cutaneous lesions in immunocompromised patients.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 03/2011; 33(3):e114-6. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 5-year-old boy was admitted to our center with a major complaint of bilateral hearing loss for 2 days. He was diagnosed with acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura 3 months before the admission and treated with high-dose methylprednisolone 2 months ago. Physical examination revealed wet purpura in the oral mucosa, serous nasal discharge, multiple petechiae and ecchymosis of the lower lip. Otomicroscopic ear examination revealed the presence of bilateral hemotympanum. The patient denied head trauma, ear pain, fever, hypertension and medications, including salicylates. The patient received high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone because of low platelet count and wet purpura for 7 days and oral prophylactic amoxicillin-clavulanate for 14 days. The onset of the response to corticosteroids was rapid, and significant hematologic improvement was observed within a few days. The 2-week follow-up examination revealed intact tympanic membranes with normal color and mobility, and the patient restored normal hearing. In this patient, hemotympanum developed rapidly, and no predisposing cause other than immune thrombocytopenic purpura was found. However, presence of a serous nasal discharge may be a sign of viral upper respiratory tract infection. Therefore, it can be speculated that sneezing or coughing might have caused bilateral hemotympanum by increasing the middle ear pressure abruptly. We would like to emphasize that bleeding may occur in unusual sites and, unlike in healthy people, may cause bizarre symptoms in patients with bleeding diathesis. Hemotympanum can be considered among the indications to start treatment in patients with acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 07/2009; 20(4):303-5. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Selenium (Se) is a trace element contributing to the structure of antioxidant system that saves cells from reactive oxygen species. Low serum Se levels have been reported in pediatric and adult patients with cancers. On the other hand, hair Se levels, predicting the long-term body Se status, have been reported in only adult patients with cancer. The aim of the study was to investigate the hair Se status in children with newly diagnosed lymphoid malignancies and the relation between malnutrition and Se deficiency. Thirty patients with leukemia (n=17) and lymphoma (n=13), and 25 healthy controls were enrolled to the study. Se was determined with atomic absorption spectrophotometrical method. Hair Se levels of the patients were significantly lower than those of control group [666.96+/-341.46 ng/g vs. 1019.22+/-371.83 ng/g (P<0.001)]. Children with lymphoma had lower Se than the children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia but not statistically significant [547.03+/-283.67 ng/g vs. 758.67+/-361.05 ng/g (P>0.05)]. Malnourished patients (11/30) had lower hair Se levels (483.51+/-235.55 ng/g) than those of the controls (P=0.036), whereas the Se levels of the patients who had no malnutrition (773.17+/-352.92 ng/g) were also lower than those of the controls but not statistically significant (P=0.053). There was no correlation between age, sex, and the hair Se levels. In this study, we found that hair Se levels of the children with leukemia and lymphoma, especially those of malnourished patients, were lower than those of controls. Additional studies are needed to determinate whether low levels of hair Se may play a role in carcinogenesis.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 09/2007; 29(8):519-22. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemostatic alterations due to abnormalities in the coagulation and fibrinolytic system may occur in dialysis patients. Protein Z (PZ) is a vitamin K-dependent coagulation protein promoting assembly of thrombin with phospholipid vesicles. The aim of this study was to investigate PZ and natural anticoagulants in children on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Protein Z, protein C (PC), protein S (PS), antithrombin III (AT III), and fibrinogen levels were studied in 24 PD, 13 HD patients and 23 controls. Plasma PZ levels in patients on HD were significantly higher than those on PD and control group (p = 0.04, p = 0.03). We observed elevated PC, PS and AT III activities in children on PD when compared to controls (p = 0.011, p = 0.003, p < 0.001). In HD patients, only PS activity was increased compared to controls (p = 0.016). PC and PS activities did not differ between PD and HD patients whereas AT III activity was higher in PD patients compared to HD patients (p < 0.001). Normal/high levels of PC, PS and AT III suggest that children on PD or HD treatment do not seem to have an increased risk of thrombogenesis due to reduction of these proteins. Increased PZ levels, however, might contribute to the hemostatic alterations in children on HD treatment along with other well known abnormalities.
    Pediatric Nephrology 07/2007; 22(6):881-6. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 5-year-old girl in whom the diagnosis of inherited factor XIII deficiency was established at the age of 1 day presented with cryptic tonsillitis along with drowsiness and an abrupt occurrence of getting left interior cross eyed. While an intracranial hemorrhage was expected, cerebral imaging studies surprisingly revealed multiple sino venous thrombosis. In prothrombotic screening studies she and her father were both found to be heterozygous for factor V Leiden mutation along with having elevated levels of lipoprotein(a). Low-molecular-weight heparin was started. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt was applied because of persistence of increased intracranial pressure. Thrombosis disappeared and blood flow was normalized by the end of 2 months and the patient was discharged on coumadin therapy as being well. We would like to report this unusual case and to discuss the possible effects of two major genetic prothrombotic risk factors on inherited bleeding tendency or vice versa.
    Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis 07/2007; 18(4):371-4. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acquired deficiency of anticoagulant proteins, due to loss in the urine, has been proposed as one of the major thrombogenic alterations in nephrotic syndrome (NS). Protein Z (PZ) is a single-chain vitamin K-dependent glycoprotein. Low PZ levels are reported to be a risk factor for thrombosis. The aim of this study was to investigate protein Z and other natural anticoagulant levels in children with NS. Thirty children aged between 1.5 and 12 years with NS (Groups I and II) and 19 age-and-sex-matched healthy controls (Group III) were enrolled into the study. Patients were divided into two groups: Group I (proteinuria >40 mg/m2/hr) and Group II (patients in remission). Plasma PZ levels in Group I were significantly lower than Group II (p=0.009) and group III (p=0.018). Plasma levels of AT III for Group I were significantly lower than for Groups II and III (p=0.009, p=0.005, respectively). Protein C levels in Group I were higher than in Group II and Group III (p=0.002, p=0.000, respectively). Protein Z levels positively correlated with serum total protein and albumin levels (p=0.003, p=0.003, respectively) and negatively with the degree of proteinuria (p=0.000). Protein Z levels were positively correlated with AT III (r=0.037, p=0.04). Along with the other coagulation abnormalities, decreased protein Z may contribute to increased risk of thromboembolic complications in children with NS. The negative correlation between proteinuria and PZ level suggests the possibility of renal PZ loss. Further studies are needed to investigate the mechanism and role of decreased PZ in NS.
    Pediatric Nephrology 09/2006; 21(8):1122-6. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fanconi's anemia is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive pancytopenia and congenital malformation of the skeleton. This study investigated the oral health status of 15 children with Fanconi's anemia, including oral lesions, gingival and periodontal status, and dental abnormalities. All children in the group were found to have a tendency to develop tooth decay and were in need of dental treatment. Two had aggressive periodontitis. In one patient supernumerary teeth were found, while in another teeth were congenitally missing. The increased tendency toward periodontal disease in patients with Fanconi's anemia may be due not only to the anemia, leukopenia, and defective detoxification of oxygen radicals that are characteristic of the disease itself, but also to medications applied during intense immunosuppressive treatment, such as prednisolone.
    Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 10/2005; 22(6):531-9. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iron deficiency anaemia is a frequent finding seen in coeliac disease, which can be diagnosed alone or with other findings. In this study, our aim was to determine the prevalence of coeliac disease in children with iron deficiency anaemia without significant gastrointestinal symptoms. There were 135 children with iron deficiency anaemia in the patient group (group 1), and 223 healthy children without iron deficiency anaemia in the control group (group 2) in this study. Antiendomysial antibody (EMA) IgA test was given to both groups. Antiendomysial antibody-positive patients underwent small intestine biopsy. The mean age was 7.2+/-4.6 (2-16) y in the patient group (group 1) and 8.2+/-3.8 (2-16) y in the control group (group 2), and no significant difference between the two groups was detected. In terms of gender, there was a significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (M/F: 74/61 and 98/125, respectively) ( p<0.05). EMA was positive in six cases in group 1 (4.4%), and villous atrophy and/or inflammation in the lamina propria with increased intraepithelial lymphocytes was seen on small intestine biopsy in these patients. In the control group, EMA was negative in all children. In detailed histories of patients with coeliac disease diagnosis, recurrent iron deficiency anaemia/pica was found in four patients (66.7%) and occasionally foul-smelling or watery stool attacks were seen in four patients (66.7%). Three of these six patients (50%) had short stature. The prevalence of coeliac disease was high in patients with iron deficiency anaemia; therefore, gastrointestinal findings should be further examined for coeliac disease, and the possibility of coeliac disease should be investigated in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anaemia and short stature.
    Acta Paediatrica 06/2005; 94(6):678-81. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether repeated courses of high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) affect the lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) in children with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). This study included 24 patients with chronic ITP and 149 healthy controls. The patients were allocated into three groups according to the number of HDMP courses (30 mg/kg per day as a single dose for 7 days); group 1 (10 patients), group 2 (9 patients), and group 3 (5 patients) had received less than 5, 6-10, and more than 10 courses, respectively. Lumbar spine BMD and body composition were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry of lumbar spine (L2-L4), and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) values were calculated and compared with the controls. The z score of the vBMD was also calculated and compared in the patients of each other groups. Serum markers of the bone turnover were measured to exclude other factors that could effect BMD. The vBMD values of the patients, corrected BMDs for age, were significantly lower than the values of controls (P = 0.018). It was significantly lower in group 3 than groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.005 and P = 0.006, respectively), but there was no statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.87). The vBMD z scores were significantly lower in group 3 than in groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.003 and P = 0.004, respectively), and also in group 2 than in group 1 (P = 0.034). There were a weak negative correlation between the cumulative dose of HDMP and vBMD (r = -0.39, P = 0.054), and strong negative correlation between the cumulative dose of HDMP and vBMD z score (r = -0.63, P = 0.001). Children with chronic ITP are at risk for decreased BMD because of the repeated courses of HDMP; especially more than 2100 mg of cumulative dose. We therefore recommend that BMD should be monitored in patients with chronic ITP who received repeated courses of HDMP.
    Bone 08/2004; 35(1):306-11. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to explore whether vitamin A has protective effect on high-dose-methotrexate (HDMTX)-induced intestinal D-xylose malabsorption in children with leukemia and lymphoma. We performed a prospective randomized un-blinded study of vitamin A in 35 children with leukemia and lymphoma who were planned to receive HDMTX 3 g/m(2) and 5 g/m(2), respectively. Twenty-two patients (group 1) received a single dose of 180,000 IU a day before HDMTX was given, and 13 (group 2) received only HDMTX. The vitamin A group received the vitamin only once. Oral D-xylose absorption tests before and 7 days after HDMTX were carried out to evaluate intestinal absorption. Retinol-binding protein (RBP) levels prior to therapy were also measured for vitamin A status. Although we observed no difference of HDMTX-induced toxicity, including hematological, dermatological, systemic, and other toxicities, between groups, the D-xylose absorption test was significantly better in-group 1 ( p=0.030). Absorption was decreased in five of 22 patients (23%) who received vitamin A comparing to eight of 13 (62%) who received only HDMTX ( p=0.033). RBP levels were lower than normal in 13 of 22 patients in-group 1 and nine of 13 in group 2. In patients whose RBP levels were lower than normal, HDMTX-induced toxicity was lower in the group 1 than group 2 but not statistically significant. No sign of vitamin A toxicity was observed throughout the study. The administration of vitamin A before HDMTX may protect against drug-induced D-xylose malabsorption in children with cancer. Further studies are apparently needed to clarify the full benefits of vitamin A in preventing HDMTX-induced mucosal damage.
    Supportive Care Cancer 05/2004; 12(4):263-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • M Totan, A Dagdemir, A Muslu, D Albayrak
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    ABSTRACT: Between 1981 and 2001, we retrospectively analysed 40 cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) admitted to the Paediatric Infection Unit of Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital, in the middle Black Sea region of Turkey. Median age at presentation was 3 y. Fever and splenomegaly were found in all patients. Bone marrow smear examination resulted in the diagnosis of VL in 95% of cases. All patients were treated initially with meglumine antimonate and 95% of them were cured with this therapy. The remaining patients were cured with liposomal amphotericin B. Conclusions: VL should be considered in patients with fever and splenomegaly, particularly those residing in the Mediterranean region. Meglumine antimonate seems to be the first choice of treatment in childhood.
    Acta Paediatrica 02/2002; 91(1):62-4. · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 05/2001; 32(4):493-5. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications are significant causes of death in patients with malignancy. These are well-known with the use of certain drugs. This study was planned to investigate whether there was any effect of high-dose methotrexate on the hemostatic system in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. To evaluate the hemostatic system, we investigated coagulation screening tests (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and fibrinogen), coagulation inhibitors (protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III), and fibrinolytic system (fibrin degradation products and tissue plasminogen activator). These parameters were measured in 35 cycles of high dose-methotrexate (3 g/m(2)) of 20 childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases at baseline and on days 1 and 7 after the therapy. We found that high-dose methotrexate administration adversely affected both the coagulation system (prolonged prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time and decreased fibrinogen levels) and coagulation inhibitors (decreased protein C, protein S, antithrombin III) on day 1 after chemotherapy compared to the baseline values. The hemostatic parameters began to improve on day 7 after chemotherapy, except for fibrin degradation products. Tissue plasminogen activator levels were not changed with the therapy. Coagulation cascade (prolonged prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time and decreased fibrinogen) and coagulation inhibitors (decreased protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III levels) have been found to be affected by high-dose methotrexate therapy, but these transient changes did not cause clinical thromboembolic or hemorrhagic complications.
    Medical and Pediatric Oncology 05/2001; 36(4):429-33.

Publication Stats

146 Citations
63.47 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2007
    • Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Djanik, Samsun, Turkey
  • 2005
    • Baskent University
      • Faculty of Dentistry
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 1999
    • Istanbul 29 Mayis University
      Djanik, Samsun, Turkey