Chen-Jei Tai

Taipei Medical University Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (55)125.47 Total impact

  • European Journal of Integrative Medicine 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2015.10.013 · 0.78 Impact Factor

  • European Journal of Integrative Medicine 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2015.08.010 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Taiwanofungus camphoratus (synonym Antrodia camphorata ) is a widely used medicinal fungus in the folk medicine of Taiwan with several pharmacological features such as anti-inflammatory, liver protection, antihypertensive, and antioxidative activities. The ethanolic extract of T. camphoratus (TCEE) which contains abundant bioactive compounds including triterpenoids and polysaccharides also has antitumor effects in various human cancer cell lines. The aims of this study are to clarify the antitumor effects of TCEE on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and also evaluate the combination drug effects with conventional chemotherapy agents, cisplatin and doxorubicin. In the present study, the TCEE treatment induced cell cycle arrest and suppressed cell growth on both Hep3B and HepJ5 cells. Expression of cell cycle inhibitors, P21 and P27, and activation of apoptosis executer enzyme, caspase-3, were also induced by TCEE. In combination with the chemotherapy agents, TCEE treatment further enhanced the tumor suppression efficiency of cisplatin and doxorubicin. These results together suggested that TCEE is a potential ingredient for developing an integrated chemotherapy for human liver cancer.
    BioMed Research International 08/2015; DOI:10.1155/2015/415269 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy is a major clinical treatment for managing patients with advanced and recurrent ovarian cancer. However, the clinical performance of chemotherapy is limited, and adverse effects have been observed. Integrating chemotherapy with current chemotherapeutic drugs and novel antitumor ingredients might improve the clinical performance of current chemotherapy for ovarian cancer. The aqueous extract of Solanum nigrum leaves (AE-SN), a key ingredient in many traditional Chinese medicine formulae, has exhibited tumor suppression efficacy in numerous human cancer cells but not in ovarian cancer cells. In this study, tumor suppression efficacy was determined using the ES-2, SKOV-3, and OVCAR-3 human ovarian cancer cell lines. The half-maximal inhibitory concentrations of the AE-SN in ES-2 and SKOV-3 cells were 1.052 and 1.779 mg/mL, respectively. AE-SN treatment increased the accumulation of mammalian microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 A/B, an autophagic cell marker, in all the tested cell lines; however, it activated the cleavage of caspase-3, an apoptotic marker, only in SKOV-3 cells. Furthermore, the AE-SN also promoted tumor suppression efficiency of cisplatin, doxorubicin, and docetaxel in the tested ovarian cancer cells. In addition, AE-SN-enhanced cell death was associated with AE-SN-induced caspase-3 cleavage in SKOV-3 cells. In conclusion, the AE-SN exhibited tumor suppression efficacy and improved the tumor suppression efficiency of cisplatin, doxorubicin, and docetaxel in human ovarian cancer cells. Therefore, the AE-SN is a candidate antitumor ingredient that can be used in developing future integrated chemotherapy for managing ovarian cancer. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Integrative Cancer Therapies 06/2015; 14(6). DOI:10.1177/1534735415588826 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    Chien-Kai Wang · Cheng-Jeng Tai · Chen-Jei Tai ·

    05/2015; 4(1). DOI:10.1016/j.imr.2015.04.286
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    05/2015; 4(1):49. DOI:10.1016/j.imr.2015.04.028
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    ABSTRACT: Cell-based systems are useful for discovering antiviral agents. Dissecting the viral life cycle, particularly the early entry stages, allows a mechanistic approach to identify and evaluate antiviral agents that target specific steps of the viral entry. In this report, the methods of examining viral inactivation, viral attachment, and viral entry/fusion as antiviral assays for such purposes are described, using hepatitis C virus as a model. These assays should be useful for discovering novel antagonists/inhibitors to early viral entry and help expand the scope of candidate antiviral agents for further drug development.
    Journal of Visualized Experiments 04/2015; DOI:10.3791/53124 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Caesarean delivery before 39 weeks of gestation increases the risk of morbidity among infants. Taiwan has one of the highest caesarean rates in the world, but little attention has been paid to this issue. This study aimed to describe the rate of caesarean delivery before 39 weeks gestation among women who did not have labour signs and had a non-emergency caesarean delivery in Taiwan and to examine whether the phenomenon was associated with the Chinese cultural practice of selecting an auspicious time for birth. We recruited women at 15-28 weeks of pregnancy at 5 hospitals in northern Taiwan and followed them at 4 or 5 weeks after delivery using structured questionnaires. This analysis included 150 primiparous mothers with a singleton pregnancy who had a non-emergency caesarean delivery without the presence of labour signs. Ninety-three of these women (62.0%) had caesarean deliveries before 39 weeks of gestation. Logistic regression analysis showed that women who had selected an auspicious time for delivery (OR=2.82, 95% CI: 1.15-6.95) and delivered in medical centres (OR=5.26, 95% CI: 2.25-12.26) were more likely to deliver before 39 weeks of gestation. Non-emergency caesarean delivery before 39 weeks of gestation was common among the study women, and was related to the Chinese cultural practice of selecting an auspicious time for birth. Further studies are needed to examine the risks and benefits associated with timing of caesarean delivery in Taiwan in order to generate a consensus among obstetricians and give pregnant women appropriate information. Copyright © 2015 Australian College of Midwives. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Women and Birth 03/2015; 28(3). DOI:10.1016/j.wombi.2015.02.007 · 1.57 Impact Factor
  • Li-Yin Chien · Yu-Hsiang Lee · Yu-Hung Lin · Chen-Jei Tai ·
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of conception with infertility treatment on planned cesarean delivery. The participants were from a panel of primiparous pregnant women in northern Taiwan. The data analysis included 771 women with a singleton pregnancy, of whom 160 had a planned cesarean delivery and 611 who had a vaginal delivery. The study women answered structured questionnaires during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and at one-month postpartum. Women who conceived with infertility treatment were more likely to have planned cesarean deliveries than women who conceived without it (44.7% versus 18.1%, p < 0.001; crude odds ratio: 3.66, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.24-5.98). After adjustment for maternal age over 35 years, whether they were currently unmarried, selection of time for birth in advance, gestational hypertension, and birthweight < 2500 g, women who conceived with infertility treatment were 2.95 times (95% CI: 1.47-5.92) more likely to have planned cesarean deliveries. The increased risk for planned cesarean deliveries among singleton women who conceived with infertility treatment cannot be explained by older maternal age or higher number of morbidities during pregnancy. Counseling for women who conceive with infertility treatments may be needed to decrease unnecessary cesarean deliveries.
    Human Fertility 01/2015; 18(2):1-8. DOI:10.3109/14647273.2014.992981 · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, yang deficiency pattern defined as an insufficiency of meridian energy (qi) is related to worsening disease symptoms. However, there is a lack of studies portraying the relationship among complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, symptoms, and meridian energy. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to describe the changes of CAM use, symptoms, and yang deficiency pattern among patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. Additionally, the study explored factors predicting yang deficiency pattern. Method: A longitudinal study was performed with 153 women with breast cancer at four teaching hospitals in northern Taiwan from June 1, 2009 to July 31, 2013. Researchers collected data before treatment and the 1st and 3rd months after chemotherapy. Yang deficiency pattern was examined using the Meridian Energy Analysis Device Me-Pro. Symptom severity and interference were assessed using the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory-Taiwan version. CAM use was evaluated using the US National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) classification. Results: Meridian energy remained essentially the same over the 3-month period as the difference was not statistically significant. As time went by, patients developed worsening symptom severity and interference. More than 66% of the patients used CAM during chemotherapy. Older women had lower overall meridian energy. The more severe the symptoms were, the lower the overall meridian energy was. The patients who used tai chi or qi gong had higher overall meridian energy and those who used prayer or spirituality had lower overall meridian energy. Conclusion and implications: Symptom severity and interference among patients deteriorated during chemotherapy. Health providers should observe symptom changes and improve yang deficiency pattern. Whether or not use of CAM practices such as tai chi or qi gong improves the overall health of breast cancer patients on chemotherapy is worth further study.
    Complementary Therapies in Medicine 01/2015; 23(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2015.01.004 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy is the main approach for treating advanced and recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the clinical performance of chemotherapy is limited by a relatively low response rate, drug resistance, and adverse effects that severely affect the quality of life of patients. The aqueous extract of Solanum nigrum (AE-SN) is a crucial ingredient in some traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulas for treating cancer patients and exhibits antitumor effects in human HCC cells. Therefore, this study examined the tumor-suppression efficiency of AE-SN integrated with a standard chemotherapeutic drug, namely, cisplatin or doxorubicin, in human HCC cells, namely, Hep3B and HepJ5. The results suggested that the integrated treatment with AE-SN-potentiated cisplatin and doxorubicin induced cytotoxicity through the cleavage of caspase-7 and accumulation of microtubule-associated protein-1 light chain-3 A/1B II (LC-3 A/B II), which were associated with apoptotic and autophagic cell death, respectively, in both the Hep3B and HepJ5 cells. In conclusion, AE-SN can potentially be used in novel integrated chemotherapy with cisplatin or doxorubicin to treat HCC patients.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 12/2014; 2015(3). DOI:10.1155/2015/675270 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE) is a nutrient supplement and a potential antitumor ingredient for developing an integrated chemotherapy with standard chemotherapeutic drugs for treating ovarian cancer patients. In this study, we evaluated the tumor suppression efficiency of FWGE in human ovarian carcinoma cells, SKOV-3 and ES-2, and found the half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC 50 s) to be 643.76 íµí¼‡g/mL and 246.11 íµí¼‡g/mL after 48 h of FWGE treatment. FWGE treatment also induced programmed cell death by activating the caspase-7 cleavage in both SKOV-3 and ES-2 cells, but only caspase-3 and poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase cleavages were activated in SKOV-3 cells. Moreover, FWGE exhibited combination drug effects with cisplatin and docetaxel in SKOV-3 and ES-2 cells by enhancing the cytotoxicity of both drugs. In conclusion, we found that FWGE not only suppressed cell growth but also induced caspase-3-related and caspase-7-related cell death in human ovarian carcinoma cells. FWGE treatment further enhanced the cytotoxicity of cisplatin and docetaxel, suggesting that FWGE is a potential ingredient in the development of adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin or docetaxel for treating ovarian cancer patients.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 08/2014; 2015. DOI:10.1155/2015/570785 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aqueous extracts of the leaves and fruit of Camptotheca acuminata have long been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating cancer patients. The chemotherapeutic drug, camptothecin (CPT), and related analogs were first isolated from C. acuminata in the 1970s. Although the antitumor effects of CPT have been characterized in recent years, the antitumor effects of aqueous extracts of C. acuminata have not been clarified. The aims of our current study were to determine the tumor-suppression efficiency of an aqueous extract of the fruit of C. acuminata (AE-CA) in the human endometrial carcinoma cell lines, HEC-1A, HEC-1B, and KLE, and compare its antitumor effects with those of CPT. Cell viability assays indicated that a dosage of AE-CA containing 0.28 mg/mL of CPT demonstrated enhanced cytotoxicity, compared with CPT treatment. The effects of AE-CA on the induction of cell cycle arrest, the accumulation of cyclin-A2 and -B1, and the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-7 were similar to those of CPT. Furthermore, AE-CA exhibited a synergistic effect on the cytotoxicity of cisplatin in HEC-1A and HEC-1B cells. These results indicated that AE-CA is a potent antitumor agent and can be combined with cisplatin for the treatment of human endometrial cancer.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 05/2014; 2014(1):564810. DOI:10.1155/2014/564810 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Due to the difficulties of early diagnosis, curative treatments are not available for most patients. Palliative treatments such as chemotherapy are often associated with low response rate, strong adverse effects and limited clinical benefits for patients. The alternative approaches such as fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE) with anti-tumor efficacy may provide improvements in the clinical outcome of current therapy for HCC. This study aimed to clarify antitumor efficacy of FWGE and the combination drug effect of FWGE with chemotherapeutic agents, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) in human HCC cells, HepG2, Hep3B, and HepJ5. The present study indicated that FWGE exhibited potential to suppress HepG2, Hep3B, and HepJ5 cells, with the half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of FWGE were 0.494, 0.371 and 1.524 mg/mL, respectively. FWGE also induced Poly (Adenosine diphosphate ribose) polymerase (PARP) associated cell death in Hep3B cells. Moreover, the FWGE treatment further enhanced the cytotoxicity of cisplatin in all tested HCC cells, and cytotoxicity of 5-Fu in a synergistic manner in HepJ5 cells. Collectively, the results identified the anti-tumor efficacy of FWGE in HCC cells and suggested that FWGE can be used as a supplement to effectively improve the tumor suppression efficiency of cisplatin and 5-Fu in HCC cells.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 12/2013; 2013(9840):121725. DOI:10.1155/2013/121725 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cervical cancer is an important health issue for women worldwide, and the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway is important for determining the chemotherapeutic response to cancer. However, the role of glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) in taxane therapy for cervical cancer remains unclear. In this study, we generated GRP94 knockdown (GRP94-KD) Hela cells using short hairpin RNAs and found that GRP94-KD cells were resistant to taxane treatment in an MTT assay. Scrambled control cells demonstrated higher levels of apoptosis when treated with taxanes in comparison to GRP94-KD cells, as determined by cell cycle profiling, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling staining. Caspase 3 and caspase 7 activity was also higher in scrambled control cells treated with taxane in comparison to GRP94-KD cells. Moreover, we found that depletion of GRP94 altered the levels of the apoptosis-related proteins Bcl2 and Bad, leading to sensitivity to taxane. Exposure to taxane also induced the expression of Bad in scrambled cells but not in GRP94-KD cells. In addition, the expression of Bcl2 was increased dramatically in GRP94-KD cells, whereas only a small increase was observed in scrambled cells. Therefore, we conclude that silencing GRP94 may increase resistance to taxane treatment in cervical cancer cells by altering the activation of the apoptosis pathway. In addition, GRP94 may represent a key biomarker for determining the therapeutic efficacy of taxane treatment in cervical cancer patients.
    Tumor Biology 08/2013; 35(1). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-1056-9 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombomodulin (TM), a natural anticoagulation factor, maintains circulation homeostasis in endothelial cells. TM has additional roles in modulating inflammation, thrombosis, and carcinogenesis. However, there is little information on the role of TM in the progression and metastasis of ovarian cancer. RNA silencing and cDNA expression vectors were used to manipulate target gene expression in ovarian cancer cells. Cell growth and migration were evaluated by an MTT assay, a wound-healing migration assay, a transwell migration assay, and a biosensor system. In this study, we found that TM silencing may enhance the growth rate of cells. The migratory ability of ovarian cancer cells was enhanced dramatically after TM silencing. TM overexpression in ovarian cells suppressed the proliferation and migration capability. Furthermore, we found that skov-3 cells treated with TM shRNA expressed high levels of fibronectin and vimentin and that the expression of these markers correlated positively with their migratory ability. Our results demonstrate that TM expression may regulate cell growth and migration in ovarian cancer cells. This finding suggests that TM may be a novel prognostic and therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.
    Tumor Biology 08/2013; 34(6). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-0958-x · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombomodulin (TM) has been shown to regulate many physiological and pathological processes, including inflammation, thrombosis, and tumor progression. TM is also a natural anticoagulant that maintains circulatory homeostasis in endothelial cells. However, little is known regarding the role of TM in the progression and metastasis of cervical cancer. TM-specific RNA interference and a cDNA expression vector were used to manipulate TM expression in cervical cancer cells. Cell growth and cell migration were evaluated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, transwell migration assays, and a biosensor system. TM silencing did not affect the growth rate of the cells. However, cell migration was dramatically enhanced after silencing of TM in HeLa cells. The overexpression of TM in cervical cancer cells only slightly influenced their proliferative capacity. After overexpression of TM in HeLa cells, their migratory capability was suppressed. Furthermore, we found that the decreased expression of E-cadherin and increase of zeb-1 and snail expression in TM-silenced cells which may be correlated with the results of knocking-down TM increases the migratory ability in this study. Our results demonstrate that TM may slightly regulate the growth but played the important role in the migratory ability of cervical cancer cells, suggesting that TM could potentially serve as a novel prognostic and therapeutic target in cervical cancer.
    Tumor Biology 07/2013; 35(1). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-1005-7 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer is a common cancer worldwide, and chemotherapy is a mainstream approach for advanced and recurrent cases. Development of effective complementary drugs could help improve tumor suppression efficiency and control adverse effects from chemotherapy. The aqueous extract of Solanum nigrum leaves (AE-SN) is an essential component in many traditional Chinese medicine formulas for treating cancer, but there is a lack of evidence verifying its tumor suppression efficacy in colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the tumor suppression efficacy of AE-SN using DLD-1 and HT-29 human colorectal carcinoma cells and examine the combined drug effect when combined with the chemotherapeutic drugs cisplatin, doxorubicin, docetaxel, and 5-fluorouracil. The results indicated that AE-SN induced autophagy via microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 A/B II accumulation but not caspase-3-dependent apoptosis in both cell lines. The IC50s after 48 hours of treatment were 0.541 and 0.948 mg/ml AE-SN in DLD-1 and HT-29, respectively. AE-SN also demonstrated a combined drug effect with all tested drugs by enhancing cytotoxicity in tumor cells. Our results suggest that AE-SN has potential in the development of complementary chemotherapy for colorectal cancer.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 06/2013; 2013(3):514719. DOI:10.1155/2013/514719 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim. The objectives of this study were to compare yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu among patients with breast cancer right before, one month after, and three months after receiving target, chemo, or combined therapy. Method. After recruiting 126 patients from 4 hospitals in northern Taiwan, a longitudinal study was carried out with 61 patients receiving chemotherapy, 30 receiving target therapy, and 35 receiving combined therapy. Yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu were assessed using the Traditional Chinese Medical Constitutional Scale (TCMCS), with higher scores indicating more xu and yu. Results. There were significant increases in yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu at 1 month and 3 months after than before the start of the chemotherapy, target, or combined therapy. Patients receiving combined therapy had significantly higher scores in yang-xu and yin-xu than patients receiving chemo or target therapy. A history of coronary heart disease was associated with more yin-xu. Those patients who had undergone a mastectomy were associated with less yu zheng than those patients who had not. Conclusion and Implications. TCM doctors should focus their treatment on dealing with xu and yu in order to support their patients, as they complete their modern anticancer treatments.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 03/2013; 2013:392024. DOI:10.1155/2013/392024 · 1.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

535 Citations
125.47 Total Impact Points


  • 2014-2015
    • Taipei Medical University Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2004-2015
    • Taipei Medical University
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      • • School of Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2004-2007
    • National Yang Ming University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2006
    • Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health
  • 2003
    • Cornell University
      • Biomedical Sciences
      Ithaca, NY, United States
  • 2001-2003
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada