Tzu-An Lin

National Chung Hsing University, 臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (6)9.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The rabbit is a classical experimental animal species. A major limitation in using rabbits for biomedical research is the lack of germ-line-competent rabbit embryonic stem cells (rbESCs). We hypothesized that the use of homologous feeder cells and recombinant rabbit leukemia inhibitory factor (rbLIF) might improve the chance in deriving germ-line-competent rbES cells. In the present study, we established rabbit embryonic fibroblast (REF) feeder layers and synthesized recombinant rbLIF. We derived a total of seven putative rbESC lines, of which two lines (M5 and M23) were from culture Condition I using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) as feeders supplemented with human LIF (hLIF) (MEF+hLIF). Another five lines (R4, R9, R15, R21, and R31) were derived from Condition II using REFs as feeder cells supplemented with rbLIF (REF+rbLIF). Similar derivation efficiency was observed between these two conditions (8.7% vs. 10.2%). In a separate experiment with 2×3 factorial design, we examined the effects of feeder cells (MEF vs. REF) and LIFs (mLIF, hLIF vs. rbLIF) on rbESC culture. Both Conditions I and II supported satisfactory rbESC culture, with similar or better population doubling time and colony-forming efficiency than other combinations of feeder cells with LIFs. Rabbit ESCs derived and maintained on both conditions displayed typical ESC characteristics, including ESC pluripotency marker expression (AP, Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, and SSEA4) and gene expression (Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, c-Myc, Klf4, and Dppa5), and the capacity to differentiate into three primary germ layers in vitro. The present work is the first attempt to establish rbESC lines using homologous feeder cells and recombinant rbLIF, by which the rbESCs were derived and maintained normally. These cell lines are unique resources and may facilitate the derivation of germ-line-competent rbESCs.
    07/2012; 14(4):364-76. DOI:10.1089/cell.2012.0001
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to determine the effect of rabbit oocytes collected from ovaries or oviducts on the developmental potential of nuclear transplant embryos. Donor nuclei were obtained from adult skin fibroblasts, cumulus cells, and embryonic blastomeres. Rabbit oocytes were flushed from the oviducts (oviductal oocytes) or aspirated from the ovaries (follicular oocytes) of superovulated does at 10, 11, or 12 h post-hCG injection. The majority of collected oocytes were still attached to the sites of ovulation on the ovaries. We found that follicular oocytes had a significantly higher rate of fusion with nuclear donor cells than oviductal oocytes. There was no difference in the cleavage rate between follicular and oviductal groups, but morula and blastocyst development was significantly higher in the follicular group than in the oviductal group. Two live clones were produced in follicular group using blastomere and cumulus nuclear donors, whereas one live clone was produced in the oviductal group using a cumulus nuclear donor. These results demonstrate that cloned rabbit embryos derived from follicular oocytes have better developmental competence than those derived from oviductal oocytes.
    12/2011; 13(6):503-12. DOI:10.1089/cell.2011.0030
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    ABSTRACT: We determined the effect of heat shock (HS) on the alterations of development and calcium releasing capacity of nuclear-ooplasmic reconstructed porcine oocytes stimulated by thimerosal. The non-HS (39 degrees C) and the HS2h (41.5 degrees C for 2 h) matured oocytes were enucleated and their spindles/chromosomes were exchanged between these two groups followed by parthenogenetic activation. In the Control group (Csp-Coop), the non-HS spindle (Csp) was transferred to the non-HS ooplasm (Coop). Blastocyst and cleavage rates were higher in both Csp-HSoop (non-HS spindle transferred to the HS ooplasm) and HSsp-Coop (HS spindle transferred to non-HS ooplasm) reconstructed oocytes, but no difference was detected in the average cell number per blastocyst. However, intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) generally declined (p < 0.05) in the reconstructed HS oocytes, with a greater blastocyst rate after parthenogenetic activation. In the present study, time for the completion of spindle transfer in these oocytes was 1-2 h, during which some physiological remodeling or adaptation might have been occurred in the oocytes. Therefore, changes in heat-shock protein70 (HSP70) expression and developmental competence of the HS2h oocytes with 1 or 2 h of recovery time under normal culture temperature (39 degrees C) were examined. The results showed that the expression of HSP70 in the HS2h oocytes was higher (p < 0.05) than those had recovery incubation for 1 h (HC1h) after HS, but the cleavage and blastocyst rates were greater (p < 0.05) in the HC1h group. We demonstrated that a recovery period prior to activation of porcine oocytes and reconstructed oocytes is beneficial to further development. Heat shock to either the karyoplast or the ooplasm enhances embryonic development but reduces intracellular calcium release in the cloned porcine oocytes.
    Cloning and Stem Cells 09/2009; 11(4):557-63. DOI:10.1089/clo.2009.0025 · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were to examine technical details in deriving and maintaining rabbit embryonic stem (rES) cell lines and to analyze their characteristics. When STO cells were used as feeder cells, no rES cell lines were established using either intact blastocysts or inner cell masses (ICMs). On the mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) feeder, rES cell lines were efficiently (24%) derived. Addition of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) to the cells cultured on the MEF feeders further increased the derivation efficiency (57%) of rES cells. The fact that LIF induced serine-phosphorylation of STAT3 suggested LIF-dependent maintenance of rES cells. Most of the rES cell lines expressed AP, SSEA-4, Oct4, TRA-1-60, and TRA-1-81. Western blot or RT-PCR analysis also confirmed the expression of Oct4, Nanog, and Sox2. When induced to form EBs in vitro or injected to the severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice, the rES cells generated embryoid bodies (EBs) and teratomas with three germ layers expressing the marker genes including MAP2, Desmin, and GATA4, respectively. In conclusion, rabbit ES cell lines can be efficiently established using our current protocols with LIF supplement. These ES cells express pluripotent stem cell markers and retain their capability to differentiate into different tissue cells. Furthermore, rES cells depend on LIF for self-renewal, likely via the JAK-STAT pathway.
    Cloning and Stem Cells 03/2009; 11(1):27-38. DOI:10.1089/clo.2008.0040 · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the effects of the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) protein on porcine oocyte maturation and early embryo development. Immunohistochemistry showed activation of Shh signalling in cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), as reflected by Patched (Ptc), Smoothened (Smo) and Gli1 expression in oocytes, cumulus cells and granulosa cells, particularly those of small follicles (<2 mm in diameter). Western blot analysis showed Smo expression in COCs and in denuded oocytes derived from small and medium (3-7 mm)-sized follicles. Small follicles contained the highest concentration of Shh in follicular fluid compared with medium-sized and large (>7 mm in diameter) follicles. Supplementation with Shh (0.5 or 1 microg mL(-1)) enhanced oocyte maturation compared with the control group (92.4% and 90.4% v. 81.9%, respectively; P < 0.05). This effect was reversed by the simultaneous addition of cyclopamine (1-2 microm), an Shh inhibitor. Similar to intact COCs, denuded COCs showed enhanced maturation following Shh supplementation. Furthermore, cyclin B1 content, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, intracellular calcium release, blastocyst rate and total cell numbers were greater (P < 0.05) in oocytes matured in the presence of 0.5 and 1 microg mL(-1) Shh compared with control oocytes. The findings of the present study provide the first evidence that the Shh signalling pathway is active, or at least partially activated, in the porcine ovary and is likely to promote oocyte cytoplasmic and nuclear maturation, as well as subsequent in vitro development, although the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 02/2009; 21(6):805-15. DOI:10.1071/RD08277 · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to characterize the nuclear and cytoskeletal changes of pig oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) and the development of the reconstructed embryos after injection with membrane intact or disintegrated donor cells. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from abattoir ovaries by follicle (2-8mm) aspiration. In Experiment 1, COCs were cultured in NCSU-23 medium for 0, 11, 22, 33, and 44 h. Oocytes were fixed at different time points for nuclear and cytoskeletal labeling. Forty-three percent and 75% oocytes progressed to MII stage at 33 and 44 h after IVM culture, respectively. Dynamic shift of spindle and cytoplasmic microtubules was evident. In Experiment 2, matured oocytes were injected with either the whole cumulus cell with or without intact cell membranes after enucleation. The reconstructed oocytes were fixed at 0, 2, or 4 h after cell injection for nuclear and cytoskeletal evaluation. When an intact cumulus cell was injected, the injected cell remained intact within 4h after injection. When a cell with disintegrated membrane was injected, 59-63% (n=146) of the injected cell underwent premature chromosome condensation (PCC). In Experiment 3, the reconstructed pig oocytes received membrane-disintegrated cumulus cells or fetal fibroblasts were cultured in PZM medium. The blastocyst rate of the fibroblast-injected embryos was 10%, which was lower than the non-cloned parthenotes (33%, P<0.05) but higher than the cumulus cell-injected embryos (2.7%). These results suggest that pig oocytes are subjected to nuclear and cytoskeletal reorganization during maturation. Pig oocytes injected with membrane-disintegrated fibroblast cells support better blastocyst development of the cloned embryos.
    Animal Reproduction Science 01/2008; 103(1-2):107-19. DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2006.12.006 · 1.58 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

46 Citations
9.48 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2011
    • National Chung Hsing University
      • Department of Animal Science
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2009
    • Chung Shan Medical University
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan