[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tricuspid annular ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rarely encountered entity. Despite abundant data on idiopathic VTs, the prevalence and clinical characteristics of this infrequent form are not well defined and the efficacy of radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation treatment remains unknown. We report on a case of a 44-year-old male presenting with symptomatic sustained idiopathic VT originating from the posteroseptal tricuspid annulus.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Woven coronary artery is an extremely rare and is still not a clearly defined coronary anomaly in which epicardial coronary artery is divided into multiple thin channels at any segment of the coronary artery, and subsequently, these multiple channels merge again in a normal conduit. A few cases have been reported till now. In this case report, we present a 58-year-old male with a woven right coronary artery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coronary-subclavian steal through the left internal mammary graft is a rare cause of myocardial ischemia in patients who have had a coronary bypass surgery. We report a 70-year-old man who presented with sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia 5 years after the surgical creation of a left internal mammary to the left anterior descending artery. Cardiac catheterization illustrated that the left subclavian artery was occluded proximally and that the distal course was visualized by retrograde filling through the left internal mammary graft. Clinical ventricular tachycardia was reproducibly induced with a single ventricular extrastimulus, and antitachycardia pacing terminated the tachycardia. Restoration of blood flow by way of a Dacron graft placed between the descending aorta and the subclavian artery resulted in the total relief of symptoms. Ventricular tachycardia could not be induced during the control electrophysiologic study after surgical revascularization.
Yonsei medical journal 12/2009; 50(6):852-5. DOI:10.3349/ymj.2009.50.6.852 · 1.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prolonged P-wave duration (P(dur)) and increased P-wave dispersion (PWD) are independent predictors of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with hypertension. This study was designed to evaluate the possible relationship between aortic elasticity and PWD in young prehypertensive patients.
Twenty-five newly diagnosed prehypertensive patients (18 men, mean age = 34 +/- 6 years) and 25 healthy control subjects (16 men, mean age = 33 +/- 6 years) were enrolled in the study. The P(dur) measurements were calculated using a 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (ECG). Aortic elasticity parameters were derived from aortic diameters measured by echocardiography, and simultaneous blood pressure (BP) measurements by sphygmomanometry.
The baseline characteristics of patients with prehypertension were homogeneous with those of the controls. PWD and P(maximum) values were found to be higher in patients with prehypertension as compared to those of the controls (PWD; 65 ms vs. 35 ms, P < 0.001; P(maximum); 110 ms vs. 80 ms, P < 0.001). However, P(minimum) values were not significantly different between the two groups (40 ms vs. 45 ms, P = 0.358). Also, a moderate positive correlation was found between stiffness index (SI) and PWD (r = 0.500, P = 0.011), and a moderate negative correlation between aortic elasticity parameters (aortic distensibility and strain indexes) and PWD (for aortic distensibility, r = -0.498, P = 0.011; for strain index, r = -0.578, P = 0.002), in patients with prehypertension.
Young patients with prehypertension have increased PWD and arterial stiffness. These parameters are correlated and may pose additional risk factors for future cardiovascular events.
American Journal of Hypertension 09/2009; 22(12):1270-5. DOI:10.1038/ajh.2009.157 · 2.85 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammation plays an important role in hypertension and in atherosclerosis. Inflammatory changes induced even in prehypertensive subjects can lead to increased arterial stiffness. The effects of perindopril on both inflammatory and aortic elasticity markers were tested in hypertensive patients.
One hundred nine hypertensive patients not taking any antihypertensive therapy were included in the study. Aortic strain, aortic distensibility, aortic stiffness index, and inflammatory markers, including CRP, IL-1alpha IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha, were measured in all patients before and after twenty weeks of perindopril therapy.
While aortic strain and distensibility showed statistically significant increases with perindopril therapy, the aortic stiffness index and inflammatory markers were found to decrease.
Perindopril therapy resulted in an improvement in aortic elastic properties. There was also an attenuation of inflammatory status of the patients as reflected by lower inflammatory marker levels compared with pretreatment values.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 08/2009; 15(7):PI41-5. · 1.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We tested the hypothesis that increased platelet activation may be present in patients with slow coronary flow (SCF) and may contribute to the pathogenesis of slow coronary flow phenomenon (SCFP). Fifty patients angiographically proven normal coronary flow (control group; mean age = 61.3 +/- 7.0 years, 43 male) and 50 patients with angiographically proven SCF in all coronary arteries (patient group; man age = 62.7 +/- 6.7 years, 38 male) were included in the present study. Coronary flow rates of all subjects were documented by Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction frame count (TIMI frame count). Patients with a corrected TIMI frame count greater than two standard deviations from normal published range for the particular vessel were considered as having SCF. Complete blood count and mean platelet volume (MPV) was measured from whole blood sample with Abbott Cell-Dyne 4000 cell counter. Plasma sP-selectin concentrations were analyzed with sP-Selectin ELISA kit. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups with respect to baseline demographic, clinical and lipid parameters. Not only MPV values but also plasma sP-selectin levels were significantly higher in patients with the patients with SCF compared to those of controls (for MPV; 8.2 +/- 0.7 vs. 7.2 +/- 0.6 fl, P < 0.001, for sP-Selectin; 1.5 +/- 0.3 vs. 1.0 +/- 0.2 ng/ml, P < 0.001). Interestingly, significant positive correlations were detected between mean TIMI frame counts and MPV and sP-selectin levels (for MPV; r = 0.56, P < 0.001, for sP-selectin r = 0.67, P < 0.001). The current study demonstrates that platelet activity is increased in the patients with SCF compared to that of the patients with normal coronary flow.
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2009; 29(3):310-5. DOI:10.1007/s11239-009-0353-z · 2.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The importance of antiplatelet therapy has been appreciated more after the introduction of stent implantations into clinical practice. Use of coated stents has lowered the late restenosis rates to less than 10%, however, this technical achievement has brought together the need for longer and more intense antiplatelet therapies. Although dual antiplatelet therapy has become standard after stent implantations and been imported into practice guidelines, certain problems persist regarding the duration of therapy, ongoing stent thrombosis under dual antiplatelet therapy and whether triple antiplatelet therapy or its alternatives might provide additional benefit in these patients. In this paper, we discussed different aspects of dual and triple antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.
International journal of cardiology 02/2009; 144(1):112-3. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.12.147 · 4.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate the impact of admission estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) on the development of poor myocardial perfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients presenting with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Study population consisted of 80 patients with STEMI (64 men, mean age=67.5+/-6.6 years) undergoing pPCI. Myocardial perfusion was evaluated by using thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG). Patients were divided into two groups according to TMPG after pPCI. Group 1 and 2 consisted of 40 patients with TMPGs 0-1 and 40 patients with TMPGs 2-3, respectively. GFR was calculated based on the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study equation.
Admission serum creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CKMB) levels and the percentage of lower eGFR (<60 ml/min/1.73 m2) values of the patients with TMPGs 0-1 were significantly higher than those of the patients with TMPGs 2-3 after primary PCI (P=0.007, P<0.001, respectively). Univariate analysis identified pain-to-balloon time, eGFR lower than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, peak CKMB, and TIMI flow grade 0/1 as the predictors of poor myocardial perfusion. In multivariate analysis peak CKMB, left ventricular ejection fraction less than 35%, admission TIMI flow grade 0/1, lower eGFR and pain-to-balloon time continued to have statistically significant independent association with poor myocardial perfusion in the model. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated as 12.05 for low eGFR [P=0.005; confidence interval (CI): 2.11-68.70], 8.10 for admission TIMI grade 0/1 (P=0.04; CI: 1.37-47.91), 7.04 for pain-to-balloon time (P<0.001; CI: 2.37-20.90), 6.76 for low left ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.03; CI: 1.12-40.61), and 1.02 for CKMB (P=0.01; CI: 1.00-1.04).
Decreased GFR on admission in patients with STEMI is independently associated with the risk of poor myocardial perfusion following after primary PCI.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Individual risk factors and, more importantly, global risk assessment tools such as the Framingham risk score have been used successfully for risk prediction especially in older patients. However, there is paucity of data about the coronary heart disease prediction in premature coronary artery disease patients with a low Framingham risk score.
We recruited 102 consecutive young patients without hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the study. All subjects had had chest pain and underwent coronary angiography since non-invasive diagnostic test results suggested ischaemia. Forty-five patients having at least one coronary lesion independent of severity were included in the study group.The remaining fifty-seven subjects without any coronary lesion were used as control group. Conventional and non-conventional risk factors were evaluated both in patients and control subjects. Framingham risk score and absolute 10-year hard CHD events risk were also calculated for each individual. The coronary heart disease group had a significantly higher smoking frequency as compared to the control group.They also had higher plasma levels of triglycerides, apolipoprotein B and apo B/AI ratio but a smaller LDL particle size.We failed to find any independent CHD predictor after logistic regression analysis. However, individual ROC curve analysis of risk factors revealed that apolipoprotein B, triglycerides and apo B/AI ratio have the highest area under the curve for coronary artery disease prediction.
The Framingham risk score may underestimate the true risk of an individual. Incorporating non-conventional risk factors such as apolipoprotein B and apo B/apo AI ratio may provide valuable information in these patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by acute ventricular dysfunction in the absence of coronary obstruction. Complete improvement of ventricular function is seen in the vast majority of the patients. We describe a 40-year-old woman with Addison disease who experienced Takotsubo cardiomyopathy but with persistent apical dysfunction during 5-month-follow up.
International journal of cardiology 08/2008; 138(1):e15-7. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.06.007 · 4.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stent strut fracture (SSF) may be an important complication after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation particularly in patients undergoing sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation. The occurrence of SSF at 6 to 9 months after the SES implantation, which was relatively common, resulted in a higher rate of focal in-stent restenosis. Although this angiographic unfavorable outcome did not lead to an increased risk of adverse cardiac events in the current study, we believe that large-scale prospective studies are needed to elucidate the exact pathophysiology and clinical sequela of the stent strut fracture, including bare metal stents.
International journal of cardiology 08/2008; 138(1):100-1. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.06.010 · 4.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The optimal percutaneous interventional strategy for dealing with significant non-culprit lesions in patients with multivessel disease with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at presentation remains to be controversial. For the time being, the current guidelines recommended that primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for non-culprit lesions should be limited to the infarct-related artery. We believe that decisions about PCI of the non-infarct vessel(s) should be individualized and guided by objective evidence of significant residual ischemia except in patients with multivessel disease showing hemodynamic compromise. Further large, randomized trials will help us solve this dilemma.
International journal of cardiology 08/2008; 137(1):65-6. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.05.014 · 4.04 Impact Factor