Takayuki Honda

Shinshu University, Shonai, Nagano, Japan

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Publications (227)523.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Small-colony variants (SCVs) are slow-growing subpopulations of various auxotrophic bacterial strains. Thymidine-dependent SCVs (TD-SCVs) are unable to synthesize thymidine; hence, these variants fail to grow in a medium without thymidine. In this study, we used 10 TD-SCVs of Staphylococcus aureus, of which four strains possessed mecA. We compared the efficacy of a newly modified medium containing thymidine for the detection of TD-SCVs of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) to the efficacy of routinely used laboratory media. We observed that none of the 10 TD-SCVs of S. aureus grew in Mueller-Hinton agar, and four TD-SCVs of MRSA failed to grow on all MRSA screening media, except for the ChromID™ MRSA medium. Laboratory tests conducted using medium with thymidine incorporated showed that thymidine did not affect the minimum inhibitory concentrations of oxacillin and cefoxitin for clinical isolates of S. aureus, and was able to detect MRSA, including TD-SCVs. These findings showed that thymidine-incorporated media are able to detect TD-SCVs of MRSA without altering the properties of other clinically isolated MRSA strains. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of microbiological methods. 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with pulmonary fibrosis, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In this study, we investigated EMT of human pulmonary epithelial-derived cells (A549). A549 cells was either cultured by itself or co-cultured with THP-1 macrophages under normoxic (21% O2) and hypoxic (2% O2) conditions. We evaluated the presence of EMT by determining the expression of EMT markers, E-cadherin, vimentin, and fibronectin. To determine the role of TGF-β1 and IL-1β in EMT of the A549 cells, we analyzed the effects of blocking their activity with TGF-β1 inhibitor or IL-1β neutralizing antibody respectively. The A549 cells presented EMT when they were co-cultured with THP-1 macrophages. The EMT of the A549 cells co-cultured with THP-1 macrophages was exacerbated under hypoxia. In addition, the EMT were prevented by the addition of TGF-β1 type I receptor kinase inhibitor. The hypoxic condition increased the mRNA levels of TGF-β1 in A549 cells and THP-1 macrophages and that of IL-1β in THP-1 macrophages when each cells were co-cultured. Anti-IL-1β neutralizing antibody attenuated TGF-β1 secretion in co-culture media under hypoxic conditions. Thus, the IL-1β from THP-1 macrophages up-regulated the TGF-β1 from A549 cells and THP-1 macrophages, and then the TGF-β1 from both cells induced and promoted the EMT of A549 cells when they were co-cultured under hypoxia. Together, these results demonstrate that the interaction between type II pneumocytes and macrophages under hypoxia is necessary for the development of pulmonary fibrosis.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The morphological mechanism of alveolar wall destruction during pulmonary emphysema has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to elucidate this process three‐dimensionally. Lung specimens from five patients with pulmonary emphysema were used, and five controls with normal alveolar structure were also examined. Sections 150 μm thick were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, elastica, and silver impregnation, and immunostained with selected antibodies. We examined these sections three‐dimensionally using a laser confocal microscope and a light microscope. There were only a few Kohn's pores and no fenestrae in the normal alveoli from the controls. In the lungs of the emphysema patients a small rupture appeared in the extremely thin alveolar wall among the alveolar capillaries. This rupture enlarged to form a circle surrounded by the capillaries, which was called an alveolar fenestra. Two neighboring fenestrae fused by breakdown of the collapsed or cord‐like capillary between them to form a large fenestra. The large fenestrae fused repeatedly to become larger, and these were bordered by thick elastic fibers constructing an alveolar framework. Alveolar wall destruction during emphysema could start from small ruptures of the alveolar wall that become fenestrae surrounded by capillaries, which fuse repeatedly to become larger fenestrae rimmed with elastic fibers. The alveolar capillary network could initially prevent enlargement of the fenestrae, and the thick elastic fibers constituting the alveolar framework could secondarily prevent destruction of the alveolar wall structure. Clin. Anat., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Clinical Anatomy 09/2014; · 1.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case in which Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative polymorphic B-cell post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) and EBV-negative monomorphic T-cell PTLD [anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL)] were observed simultaneously in the same cervical lymph node, 34 months after liver transplantation for hepatitis C liver cirrhosis. Although hepatitis C recurred after 2 months, he had no other complications until PTLD occurred 34 months post-transplantation. The patient underwent reduction of the immunosuppressive drug and rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone therapy, and he was considered to have achieved complete remission. However, PTLD recurred, and he died 6 months after the initial diagnosis. Autopsy revealed only EBV-negative monomorphic T-cell PTLD (ALK-negative ALCL) that involved the liver, spleen, bilateral kidneys, stomach, bladder, heart, bone marrow, right ureter, and pons. Thus, recurrent PTLD may show a different histological type from the primary disorder, as PTLD has a multiclonal potentiality that causes various types of lymphomas. Therefore, it may be difficult to predict PTLD-related prognosis from the initial PTLD histological identification.
    International Journal of Hematology 05/2014; · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mucormycosis is a fatal complication in immunocompromised patients, and is additionally difficult to diagnose due to the lack of useful serum biomarkers. Using a quantitative PCR approach, we retrospectively analyzed Mucorales DNA load in sera collected serially from a 3-year-old patient with chronic granulomatous disease, who died of multi-organ failure probably due to dissemination of Rhizomucor pusillus, which was detected from necropsy specimens. Mucorales DNA load was below the detection limit on days 9, 2, and 4 after unrelated bone marrow transplantation. Rhizomucor DNA was first detected on day 14 (1.6 × 10(3) copies/mL), and subsequently fluctuated between 1.3 × 10(3) and 37.2 × 10(3) copies/mL until day 43. Rhizomucor achieved a peak value of 940.0 × 10(3) copies/mL on day 48 the day before death. The detection or fluctuation of Rhizomucor DNA appeared to be associated with corticosteroid dosages or C-reactive protein levels. This specific, noninvasive, and highly quantitative assay may be useful for the early diagnosis of mucormycosis and prediction of disease progression.
    International journal of hematology. 05/2014;
  • Diagnostic Cytopathology 03/2014; · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract A high homocysteine (Hcy) level is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Hcy can be added to proteins through a process known as N-homocysteinylation. This is thought to be a potential cause of atherosclerosis induction. We previously reported that N-homocysteinylated apolipoprotein A-I (N-Hcy-apoA-I) was identified in normal human plasma. In this study, the effect of N-homocysteinylation on the functions of apoA-I was examined. A kinetic study using dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) liposomes indicated that N-Hcy-apoA-I showed increased lipid-binding activity compared to wild-type apoA-I. Two reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (rHDL) particles of different sizes (approximately 8.2 nm and 7.6 nm in diameter) were produced by mixing apoA-I and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (POPC). However, an increased ratio of large to small particles was found in rHDL prepared with N-Hcy-apoA-I. The normal apoA-I antioxidant ability, estimated by the suppression of conjugated diene formation in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) induced by copper sulfate oxidation, was considerably impaired when using N-Hcy-apoA-I. Although N-Hcy-apoA-I functioned as an oxidant, no significant difference was observed in the cholesterol efflux capacity from THP-1 macrophages between wild-type apoA-I and N-Hcy-apoA-I. These results suggest that N-Hcy-apoA-I might be proatherogenic due to its oxidative behavior but not an attenuation of cholesterol efflux capacity.
    Biological Chemistry 02/2014; · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 02/2014; · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The syndrome of combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) is a recently described entity associating upper-lobe emphysema and lower-lobe fibrosis. We sought to evaluate differences in pulmonary function between CPFE patients with and without airflow obstruction.
    International Journal of COPD 01/2014; 9:805-11.
  • Japanese journal of infectious diseases. 01/2014; 67(3):232-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been widely used for diagnosis of infectious diseases of domestic animals. Rapid detection of respiratory pathogens of cattle is useful for making therapeutic decisions. Therefore, we developed a new genetic-based method called droplet-real-time PCR, which can detect bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) within 10 min. Our droplet-real-time PCR markedly reduced the reaction time of reverse transcription-PCR while maintaining the same sensitivity as conventional real-time PCR, and it can be used as a rapid assay for detection of BRSV. Furthermore, our method is potentially applicable for rapid diagnosis of almost all infectious diseases, including highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 11/2013; · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Analysis of the expired breath condensate (EBC) has been suggested to provide non-invasive inflammatory markers that reflect oxidative stress in the airways. Objective: The present study attempts to elucidate whether the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels and pH values in EBC may be useful as biomarkers of the activity or severity of asthma and COPD. Methods: We measured the H2O2 levels and pH values using a derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites exhalation test kit (Diacron) and a pH analyser, respectively, in EBC obtained using an EcoScreen from 29 patients with asthma, 33 with COPD, and 33 healthy individuals (all non-smokers). We then examined the relationships among oxidative stress and the asthma control test (ACT) or COPD assessment test (CAT) scores, pulmonary function, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and the extent of low attenuation areas on HRCT. Results: The H2O2 levels were elevated and pH was lower in both asthma (H2O2; 8.75 ± 0.88 μM, p < 0.01, pH; 7.14 ± 0.07, p < 0.05) and COPD (H2O2; 7.44 ± 0.89 μM, p < 0.01, pH; 6.87 ± 0.10, p < 0.01) compared with control subjects (H2O2; 3.42 ± 0.66 μM, pH; 7.35 ± 0.04). Neither the H2O2 levels nor pH correlated with the ACT scores and FeNO in asthma patients. Neither the H2O2 levels nor pH significantly correlated with the pulmonary function in asthma and COPD. However, the CAT scores significantly correlated with the H2O2 levels in patients with COPD (r = 0.52, p < 0.01). Conclusions: These findings suggest that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of asthma and COPD and that the H2O2 levels in EBC might reflect the health status in COPD.
    COPD Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 10/2013; · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of white blood cell (WBC) count and left shift in predicting bacterial infections has been controversial. The aim of this study was to prove that WBC count and left shift reflect a course of bacterial infection. Six patients in whom the onset of bacterial infection had been determined and successful treatment had been done were selected. Manual 100-cell differential counts were repeated at least every 24 hr. WBC count and left shift divided a course of bacterial infection into five phases. In the first phase of bacterial infection (0-10 hr after the onset), WBC count decreased to fewer than reference range without left shift. In the second phase (about 10-20 hr), low WBC count continued and left shift appeared. In the third phase (one to some days), WBC count increased above reference range with left shift. In the fourth phase (some to several days), high WBC count continued without left shift. In the fifth phase, WBC count went down into reference range without left shift. A combination of WBC count and left shift real-timely reflected a course of bacterial infection from the onset to healing. And we could judge which bacterial infection is adequately treated or not only by the above two routine laboratory tests.
    Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 09/2013; 27(5):407-11. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) is a unique disorder that has been previously described, and the distinct features of CPFE in comparison with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been reported. However, the yearly dynamics of pulmonary function parameters in CPFE patients compared with those in COPD patients have not yet been reported. We retrospectively enrolled patients with CPFE and COPD who had undergone pulmonary function tests more than five times during a follow-up period of more than five years. The baseline clinical characteristics and the annual changes in pulmonary function during the follow-up period in 16 stable CPFE patients were compared with those in 19 stable COPD patients. Annual changes in pulmonary function were estimated from linear regressions, with assumptions for time-dependency and linearity. We analyzed the time-dependent fluctuations in pulmonary function for the two disorders. Annual decreases in VC and FVC in the CPFE group were significantly higher than those in the COPD group. Annual decrease in FEV1/FVC in the COPD group was significantly higher than in the CPFE group. During the follow-up period, FEV1/FVC in the CPFE group appeared to improve because of annual decrease in FVC. Annual decreases in DLco and DLco/VA in the CPFE group were significantly higher than those in the COPD group. This is the first report showing the yearly dynamics of pulmonary function parameters in CPFE patients compared with those in COPD patients during a follow-up period of more than five years. This study revealed that the physiologic consequences of CPFE including the rate of progression of pulmonary function impairment were different from those of COPD.
    Respiratory medicine 07/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The significance of IgG4-related diseases including IgG4-related lymphadenopathy has recently been recognized worldwide. Inflammatory pseudotumors in lymph nodes, as well as in other organs, are also recognized as IgG4-related diseases. Only a few case reports have described IgG4-related lymphadenopathy with fibrosis (IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy), and IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy has not been compared clinicopathologically with non-IgG4-related lymphadenopathy with fibrosis. We have evaluated the pathologic features in 13 patients with IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy, including IgG4 and IgG expression in lymph nodes, and compared these features with those of patients with non-IgG4-related lymphadenopathy with fibrosis with reactive inguinal lymphadenopathy and focal fibrosis and lymph nodes at least 10 mm in diameter. IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy was characterized by lymphoplasmacytic and eosinophilic infiltration, many IgG4-positive plasma cells in fibrotic areas, and high serum IgG4 concentrations. The IgG4-positive/IgG-positive plasma cell ratio was significantly higher in the IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy than in the non-IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy group. The presence of even minor fibrosis with characteristics of IgG4-related disease such as IgG4-fibrosing lymphadenopathy may facilitate the diagnosis of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy.
    Annals of diagnostic pathology 05/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide alterations such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and single nucleotide mutations are associated with responses to drugs and predisposition to several diseases, and they contribute to the pathogenesis of malignancies. We developed a rapid genotyping assay based on the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) with our droplet-PCR machine (droplet-AS-PCR). METHODS: Using 8 SNP loci, we evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of droplet-AS-PCR. Buccal cells were pretreated with proteinase K and subjected directly to the droplet-AS-PCR without DNA extraction. The genotypes determined using the droplet-AS-PCR were then compared with those obtained by direct sequencing. RESULTS: Specific PCR amplifications for the 8 SNP loci were detected, and the detection limit of the droplet-AS-PCR was found to be 0.1-5.0% by dilution experiments. Droplet-AS-PCR provided specific amplification when using buccal cells, and all the genotypes determined within 9 min were consistent with those obtained by direct sequencing. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel droplet-AS-PCR assay enabled high-speed amplification retaining specificity and sensitivity and provided ultra-rapid genotyping. Crude samples such as buccal cells were available for the droplet-AS-PCR assay, resulting in the reduction of the total analysis time. Droplet-AS-PCR may therefore be useful for genotyping or the detection of single nucleotide alterations.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 05/2013; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: We encountered two afibrinogenemia patients with homozygous and compound heterozygous FGA mutation. Of interest, the patients' parents, who are heterozygous, had normal levels of plasma fibrinogen; thus, we hypothesized that liver FGA mRNA levels were higher than those of FGB and/or FGG mRNA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To test the hypothesis, we quantitated mRNA levels of a normal liver and a human hepatocyte cell line, HepG2 cells, and performed siRNA-mediated down-regulation of the fibrinogen gene in HepG2 cells. mRNA levels were determined using real-time quantitative RT- PCR for three normal livers and HepG2 cells. Down-regulation of FGA, FGB, or FGG in HepG2 cells was performed by the addition of siRNA corresponding to each of the three genes, and the mRNA levels determined in the cells and the secreted fibrinogen concentration in media. RESULTS: The mRNA level of normal human liver was FGA=FGB>FGG and the FGG mRNA level was about 2-fold lower than the others, that of HepG2 cells was FGA>FGG>FGB and FGA mRNA was approximately 2- or 4-fold higher than FGG mRNA and FGB mRNA. When FGA, FGB, or FGG mRNA expression levels were down-regulated by nearby 50%, fibrinogen concentrations in media were 78%, 49%, or 57% of the control, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that FGG mRNA levels limit fibrinogen expression in normal liver and HepG2 cells and that 50% reduction of FGA mRNA levels would not limit fibrinogen expression in normal liver and HepG2 cells.
    Thrombosis Research 02/2013; · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schools were closed worldwide during the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 pandemic to prevent the viral spread; however, to date, there has been insufficient evidence to conclude that the closures were beneficial. Therefore, in the present review, we evaluated the effects of school closure during the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 pandemic in Japan. A search of PubMed and Japanese journals identified 24 articles that evaluated the effects of school closure using the following methods: descriptive epidemiology, changes in absenteeism rate, a simulation model, and reproductive number. Almost all of the retrieved studies showed that school closure effectively reduced the number of new infections and thus subsequently suppressed the epidemic. On the other hand, two major sets of confounding variables were identified. First, the effect of school closure was confounded by the methods used to measure, viral infectivity, subject characteristics, increased immunization rates, nonpharmaceutical interventions, antiviral administration, student contact patterns during school closure, and individual household environments. Secondly, school closure implementation was affected by differences between proactive and reactive closures, differences between seasonal and pandemic influenza, decision factors regarding school closure, socioeconomic cost, and ethics of imposing restrictions on individuals. Therefore, a comprehensive, longitudinal study is necessary to clarify the effects of school closure during viral pandemics.
    Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi (Japanese Journal of Hygiene) 01/2013; 68(2):103-117.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Allergic transfusion reactions (ATRs), particularly those caused by plasma-rich platelet concentrates (P-PCs), are an important concern in transfusion medicine. Replacing P-PCs with PCs containing M-sol (M-sol-R-PCs) is expected to prevent ATRs. However, this has not yet been verified by sufficient clinical evidence. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed between 2008 and 2011. Pediatric patients with hematologic disorders, solid tumors, primary immunodeficiency disorders, or inherited metabolic disorders were transfused with M-sol-R-PCs between 2010 and 2011; the transfusions of P-PCs administered between 2008 and 2011 were compared in terms of frequency and severity of ATRs, corrected count increment (CCI), and occurrence of bleeding. Data were collected for 6 consecutive months on a per-patient basis. RESULTS: Data obtained during 2008 to 2011 showed that of the 78 patients receiving 515 P-PC transfusions, 14 (17.9%) had 17 ATRs (3.3%); 14 and three ATRs were of Grades 1 and 2, respectively. In 2010 to 2011, 49 patients received 620 transfusions of M-sol-R-PCs, and two patients (4.1%) had Grade 1 ATRs (0.3%). Thus, the frequency of ATRs per bag and per patient differed significantly between the two transfusions. No steroid agents were used for the prevention or treatment of ATRs in the M-sol-R-PC group. The CCI (24 hr) for M-sol-R-PCs did not differ from that for P-PCs. CONCLUSION: M-sol-R-PCs were found to be effective in preventing ATRs without loss of transfusion efficiency in children; however, its efficacy should be further evaluated in prospective clinical trials.
    Transfusion 12/2012; · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to clarify the additive efficacy of short-acting β(2)-agonists (SABA) or muscarinic antagonists (SAMA) on dynamic hyperinflation and exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had been treated with long-acting bronchodilators. Thirty-two patients with stable COPD who had been treated with long-acting bronchodilators, including long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA), were examined by pulmonary function tests, dynamic hyperinflation evaluated by the method of step-wise metronome-paced incremental hyperventilation, and the incremental shuttle walking test before and after inhalation of SABA or SAMA. The additive efficacy of the two drugs was analyzed. Inhalation of SABA and SAMA improved airflow limitation and dynamic hyperinflation in stable COPD patients who had been treated with LAMA. Inhalation of SABA decreased respiratory resistance and the difference in respiratory resistance at 5 Hz and 20 Hz. On the whole, the additive efficacy of SABA on airflow limitation and dynamic hyperinflation was superior to that of SAMA. Furthermore, inhalation of SABA resulted in relief of breathlessness during exercise and significant improvement in exercise capacity. Inhalation of SABA resulted in significant improvement in exercise tolerance, which may have been due to improvement in dynamic hyperinflation. Single use of SABA before exercise, in addition to regular treatment with LAMA, may therefore be useful in stable COPD patients.
    Respiratory medicine 12/2012; · 2.33 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
523.42 Total Impact Points


  • 1985–2014
    • Shinshu University
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences
      • • Department of Internal Medicine I
      • • Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Medicine
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan
  • 2011
    • Keio University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan