Jian-Hua Ding

Aichi Cancer Center, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (21)34.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relation between smoking, alcohol drinking and risk of breast cancer in Chinese women, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit detailed information. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The results revealed that smoking, whether active or passive through the husband, was related to increased risk of breast cancer. The ORs (adjusted for age, menopausal status, educational levels, occupation, body mass index and income) were 3.55 (95%CI: 1.27-9.91) for active smoking and 1.47 (95%CI: 1.18-1.84) for passive smoking from husbands, respectively. A significant positive relationship was observed between breast cancer risk and the degree of husbands' smoking. There were significant increase trend in ORs with the daily smoked number of cigarettes of husbands, the passive smoking years from husbands and the pack-years of husbands' smoking (trend test: p=0.00003, 0.00013 and 0.0001, respectively). Alcohol consumption was also found to be a risk factor. The findings of this study in particular suggest that husbands' smoking increases risk of breast cancer in Chinese women.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2013; 14(2):993-6. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between alcohol drinking, XRCC1 codon 194 and 399 polymorphisms and risk of colorectal cancer, we conducted a case-control study with 315 colorectal cancer cases (105 colon, 210 rectal) and 439 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. The XRCC1 codon 194 and 399 genotypes were identified using polymerase chain reaction and restrictrion fragment length polymorphism methods (PCR-RFLP). A structured questionnaire was used to elicit detailed information. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated with an unconditional logistic model. In this study no significant differences were observed among the studied groups with regard to the genotype distribution of the XRCC1 codons 194 and 399 and the risk of colorectal cancer did not appear to be significantly influenced by genotype alone, whereas alcohol consumption showed a positive association (P for trend <0.01). When combined effects of XRCC1 polymorphisms and alcohol consumption were analyzed, we found that the 194Trp or 399Gln alleles further increased the colorectal cancer risk due to high alcohol intake. These findings support the conclusion that colorectal cancer susceptibility may be altered by gene-environment interactions.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2013; 14(11):6613-8. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between polymorphisms (28 bp repeated sequences in 5'-UTR and 6-bp ins/ del in 3'-UTR) in then thymidylate synthetase gene (TS) and risk of colorectal, colon and rectal cancers, we conducted a case-control study with 315 cases of colorectal cancer and 439 population-based controls in Jiangsu province, China. TS genotypes were identified using PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) methods. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated with an unconditional logistic regression model. We found that the distributions of 5'-UTR genotypes in TS were significantly different between controls and male colon cases (χ2 =8.25, P = 0.016). Compared with 3R/3R genotype, individuals with the 2R allele were at an increased risk of colon cancer (age-, BMI-, smoking- and alcohol drinking-adjusted OR=1.98, 95%CI: 1.11-3.53) among men. In ccontrast, the 6-bp ins/del polymorphism at the TS 3'- UTR did not influence risk of the colorectal, colon and rectal cancers. When combined genotypes for both TS 5'-UTR and 3'-UTR polymorphisms were evaluated, individuals with the 5'-UTR 2R allele had a OR of 3.61 (95%CI: 1.38-9.49) for colon cancer among men with the 3'-UTR -6bp/-6bp genotype. These results show that the polymorphism of the 28 bp repeated sequences in TS 5'-UTR could influence susceptibility to colon cancer and that there was a coordinated effect between TS 3'-UTR and 5'-UTR polymorphisms in increasing risk of colon cancer among Chinese men.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2012; 13(8):4087-91. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between abortions and risk of breast cancer, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit detailed information. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The results have revealed that induced abortion was related to increased risk of breast cancer. Premenopausal women who had ≥ 3 times of induced abortion were at increased crude OR (2.41, 95%CI: 1.09-5.42) and adjusted-OR (1.55, 95%CI: 1.15-5.68). Postmenopausal women with a previous induced abortion were at increased crude OR (2.04, 95%CI: 1.48-2.81) and adjusted-OR (1.82, 95%CI: 1.30-2.54), and there was a significant increase trend in OR with number of induced abortions (p for trend: 0.0001). Overall, spontaneous abortion did not significantly alter the risk of breast cancer, but postmenopausal women who had history of spontaneous abortion were at increased OR. These results suggested that relationship between breast cancer and abortions may depend on menopausal status and induced abortion may played an important role in the development of breast cancer in Jiangsu' women of China.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2012; 13(1):33-5. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between physiological, reproductive factors and risk of breast cancer, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit detailed information. All subjects completed an in-person interview. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as measures of risk for breast cancer. The results have revealed that there was an increasing risk of breast cancer, include early age at menarche(≤ 13 year), late age at menopause(< 50 year) and older age at first pregnancy (≤ 30 year). Breastfeeding was associated significantly with a reduced risk of breast cancer. Women who had history of breastfeeding were at significantly decreased OR (0.44, 95%CI: 0.27-0.73). The protective effects of breastfeeding for breast cancer seemed greater for women who had extended duration of breastfeeding during their lifetime (p for linear trend: 0.0095). These results suggested that physiological and reproductive factors may play important roles in the development of breast cancer among Jiangsu' women of China.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2011; 12(3):787-90. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) IVS10+12 G>A in hMSH2 gene with colorectal cancer in a Chinese population of Jiangsu province. A case-control study to investigate whether this SNP affects the risk of developing colorectal cancer was conducted. Subjects included 108 colorectal cancer patients and 180 healthy individuals. Peripheral white blood cell DNA was obtained from all subjects. The hMSH2 gene IVS10+12 G>A was genotyped using a PCR-based DHPLC, the existence of IVS10+12 G>A was verified by DNA sequencing. The allele frequency of the IVS10+12 G>A in the hMSH2 gene in the healthy individuals was 51.7%. There was significant difference in the frequency of the IVS10+12 G>A between patients and healthy controls (P<0.05), and between familial patients and healthy controls (P<0.05). There was also significant difference of the frequency of the IVS10+12 G>A between patients younger than 50 years, and patients with high consumption of fried food and pickled vegetable and healthy controls respectively (P<0.05). This SNP may be associated with colorectal cancers in Chinese. Further investigation with larger sample size is needed.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 10/2010; 27(5):579-83.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking, alcohol drinking and genetic polymorphism of the growth hormone 1 gene (GH1) T1663A with reference to colorectal cancer. We conducted a case-control study with 315 cases of colorectal cancer and 438 population-based controls in the Jiangsu Province, China. GH1 T1663A genotypes were identified using PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) methods. Information on smoking and drinking was collected using a questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated with an unconditional logistic model. The distribution of T/T and A/A genotypes was significantly different between controls and cases (chi(2)(MH)=3.877, P=0.049). Compared with the GH1 T/T genotype, the A/A genotype was at a decreased risk of developing colorectal cancer (sex-, age-, body mass index-, smoking- and alcohol drinking-adjusted OR=0.56, 95% confidence interval: 0.34-0.90). Smoking was not associated with the risk of colorectal cancer, whereas alcohol drinking was associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Among nonsmokers or nondrinkers, individuals who had the GH1 A/A genotype were at a decreased risk of developing colorectal cancer compared with individuals who had the GH1 T allele. These results show that the GH1 T1663A A/A genotype can decrease the risk for colorectal cancer.
    Journal of Human Genetics 02/2010; 55(3):163-6. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship among alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) genetic polymorphisms, alcohol consumption, and the susceptibility of stomach cancer in Chinese males. Three hundred and eighty-two stomach cancer patients and 382 healthy controls from Taixing and Changshu city of Jiangsu province were enrolled in this study. ADH2 and ALDH2 genotypes were examined by PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC). Unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). (1) In no drinkers, compared with ALDH2G/G carriers, ALDH2 G/A (OR=1.67, 95%CI: 1.01-2.78) carriers showed a significantly elevated risk of developing stomach cancer. No association was found between ADH2 genotypes and risk of stomach cancer. (2) ALDH2 A allele carriers with cumulative amount of alcohol consumption≥2.5 (Kg*years) were at a higher risk of developing stomach cancer compared with those with cumulative amount of alcohol consumption<2.5 Kg (Kg*years) (OR=2.72, 95%CI:0.89-8.31) and ALDH2 G/G carriers with cumulative amount of alcohol consumption<2.5 (Kg*years) (OR=2.46, 95%CI=0.90-6.72) or≥2.5 (Kg * years) (OR=2.53, 95%CI=0.86-7.49). (3) Compared with individuals with ADH2 A/A and ALDH2 G/G genotypes, ADH2 G and ALDH2 A allele carriers were not at a high risk of developing stomach cancer, with regard to the status of alcohol consumption, and even cumulative amount of alcohol consumption≥1.5 (Kg*years) (OR=1.65, 95%CI:0.56-4.82). ADH2 and ALDH2 polymorphisms and alcohol drinking may not play an important role in the development of stomach cancer in Chinese males.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2010; 11(4):1073-7. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship among alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) genetic polymorphisms, alcohol consumption and the susceptibility to esophageal cancer in a Chinese population, we conducted a case-control study with 221 cases and 191 population-based controls in the Taixing city of Jiangsu Province of China. ADH2 and ALDH2 genotypes were examined using PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. Alcohol drinkers with the ALDH2 A allele showed a significantly increased risk of esophageal cancer compared with drinkers with the ALDH2 G/G genotype (odds ratio (OR)=3.08, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.65-5.78) or nondrinkers with any genotype (OR=3.05, 95% CI: 1.49-6.25). Drinkers with the ALDH2 A allele and a cumulative amount of alcohol consumption > or =2.5 (kg * years) were at a significantly higher risk of developing esophageal cancer (OR=11.93, 95% CI: 3.17-44.90) compared with individuals with ALDH2 G/G genotypes and a cumulative amount of alcohol consumption <2.5 (kg * years). A dose-dependent positive result was found between cumulative amount of alcohol consumption and risk of esophageal cancer in individuals carrying the ALDH2 A allele (P=0.023) and the homozygous ALDH2 G allele (P=0.047). Compared with individuals carrying both ALDH2 G/G and ADH2 A/A alleles and with a cumulative amount of alcohol consumption <2.5 (kg * years), drinkers carrying both ALDH2 A and ADH2 G alleles and with a cumulative amount of alcohol consumption > or =2.5 (kg * years) showed a significantly elevated risk of esophageal cancer (OR=53.15, 95% CI: 4.24-666.84). This result suggests that to help lower their risk for esophageal cancer, persons carrying the ALDH2 A allele should be encouraged to reduce their consumption of alcoholic beverages.
    Journal of Human Genetics 12/2009; 55(2):97-102. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between dietary folate intake and genetic polymorphisms of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) with reference to breast cancer risk, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in the Jiangsu Province of China. MTHFR C677T and A1298C genotypes were identified using PCR-RFLP (restrictrion fragment length polymorphism) methods. Dietary folate intake was assessed using an 83-item food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated with an unconditional logistic model. The frequencies of MTHFR C677T C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes were 32.37, 48.88 and 18.75% in cases and 37.66, 48.24 and 14.10% in controls, respectively. The difference in distribution was significant (chi(2)=6.616, P=0.037), the T/T genotype being associated with an elevated OR (adjusted for age, menopausal status, body mass index (BMI), income, work intensity and status of smoking and drinking) for breast cancer (1.62, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.14-2.30). The frequencies of MTHFR A1298C A/A, A/C and C/C were 71.47, 27.08 and 1.44% in cases and 68.11, 30.13 and 1.76% in controls, respectively, with no significant differences being found (chi(2)=1.716, P=0.424). A significant inverse relationship was observed between folate intake and breast cancer risk. Compared with the lowest tertile of folate intake, the adjusted OR for breast cancer in the top tertile was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.53-0.92). However, no significant interaction was observed between folate intake and the MTHFR C677T polymorphism. Among individuals with the MTHFR A1298C A/A genotype, adjusted ORs for breast cancer were 0.89 (0.62-1.27) and 1.69 (1.20-2.36) for the second to the third tertile of folate intake compared with the highest folate intake group (tread test, P=0.0008). The findings of this study suggest that MTHFR genetic polymorphisms and dietary intake of folate may modify susceptibility to breast cancer.
    Journal of Human Genetics 07/2009; 54(7):414-8. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between dietary folate intake and genetic polymorphisms of 5, 10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) with reference to breast cancer risk. A case-control study was conducted with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in Jiangsu province of China. MTHFR C677T and A1298C genotypes were identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods. Dietary folate intake was assessed by using an 83-item food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated with an unconditional logistic model. The frequencies of MTHFR C677T C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes were 32.37% (202/624), 48.88% (305/624) and 18.75% (117/624) in cases and 37.66% (235/624), 48.24% (301/624) and 14. 10% (88/624) in controls, respectively. The difference in distribution was significant (chi2 = 6.616, P = 0.037), the T/T genotype being associated with an elevated OR for breast cancer (1.62, 95% CI: 1.14 -2.30). The frequencies of MTHFR A1298C A/A, A/C and C/C were 71.47% (446/624), 27.08% (169/624) and 1.44% (9/624) in cases and 68.11%(425/624), 30.13% (188/624) and 1.76% (11/624)in controls,with no significant differences found (chi2 = 1.716, P= 0.424). Folate intake of cases [(263.00 +/- 137.38) microg/d] was significantly lower than that of controls [(285.12 +/- 149.61) microg/d] (t = -2. 830, P =0.005). Compared with the lowest tertile (< or = 199.08 microg/d) of folate intake, the adjusted OR for breast cancer in the top tertile (> or = 315.11 microg/d) was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.53 -0.92). Among individuals with the MTHFR A1298C A/A genotype,adjusted OR for breast cancer were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.62 - 1.27) and 1.69 (95% CI: 1.20 - 2.36) for the second to the third tertile of folate intake compared with the highest folate intake group (X2trend = 11.372, P = 0.001). The findings of the present study suggest that MTHFR genetic polymorphisms,and dietary intake of folate may modify susceptibility to breast cancer.
    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 07/2009; 43(7):576-80.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact of alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) polymorphisms on esophageal cancer susceptibility in Southeast Chinese males. Two hundred and twenty-one esophageal cancer patients and 191 healthy controls from Taixing city in Jiangsu Province were enrolled in this study. ADH2 and ALDH2 genotypes were examined by polymerase chain reaction and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. Unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). The ADH G allele carriers were more susceptible to esophageal cancer, but no association was found between ADH2 genotypes and risk of esophageal cancer when disregarding alcohol drinking status. Regardless of ADH2 genotype, ALDH2G/A or A/A carriers had significantly increased risk of developing esophageal cancer, with homozygous individuals showing higher esophageal cancer risk than those who were heterozygous. A significant interaction between ALDH2 and drinking was detected regarding esophageal cancer risk; the OR was 3.05 (95% CI: 1.49-6.25). Compared with non-drinkers carrying both ALDH2 G/G and ADH2 A/A, drinkers carrying both ALDH2 A allele and ADH2 G allele showed a significantly higher risk of developing esophageal cancer (OR = 8.36, 95% CI: 2.98-23.46). Both ADH2 G allele and ALDH2 A allele significantly increase the risk of esophageal cancer development in Southeast Chinese males. ALDH2 A allele significantly increases the risk of esophageal cancer development especially in alcohol drinkers. Alcohol drinkers carrying both ADH2 G allele and ALDH2 A allele have a higher risk of developing esophageal cancer.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2009; 15(19):2395-400. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact of alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) polymorphisms on the susceptibility of esophageal cancer. A case-control study including 221 cases of esophageal cancer and 191 controls was carried out in Taixing city of Jiangsu province. ADH2 and ALDH2 genotypes were tested by PCR and denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC). (1) Compared with ALDH2 G/G carriers, ALDH2 A/A (OR = 5.69, 95% CI: 2.51-12.18) and ALDH2 G/A (OR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.08-2.68) carriers showed a significantly elevated risk of developing esophageal cancer, especially among alcohol drinkers with ALDH2 A/A (OR = 8.63, 95% CI: 2.07-35.95). (2) Statistical relation was not found between ADH2 genotypes and the risk of esophageal cancer, with regard to the status of alcohol consumption. (3) Whether subjects with whatever ADH2 genotype, ALDH2 G/A or A/A carriers was found to have significantly increased the risk of developing esophageal cancer, with ALDH2 A/A carriers appeared having higher esophageal cancer risk than those ALDH2 G/A carriers. (4)Compared those non-drinkers with both ALDH2 G/G and ADH2 A/A, drinkers with ALDH2 G/A or A/A and ADH2 G/A or G/G genotypes showed a significantly elevated risk of developing esophageal cancer (OR = 8.36, 95% CI: 2.98-23.46). These results revealed that it was not ADH2 but ALDH2 polymorphisms and drinking alcohol had a significant interaction with the development of esophageal cancer, suggesting that in order to help lowering the risk of esophageal cancer, individuals who are carrying ALDH2 A/A or G/A genotypes should be encouraged to reduce their consumption of alcohols.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 05/2009; 30(5):455-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between body size, physical activity and risk of breast cancer, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit detailed information. All subjects completed an in-person interview. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on weights and heights. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as measures of risk for breast cancer. Current height, weight and weight at around age 20 years were significantly positively correlated with risk of breast cancer. Obese women (current BMI > or = 25 kg/m2) were at significantly increased risk for developing breast cancer (adjusted OR= 1.35, 95%CI: 1.01-1.81), but, between BMI at around age 20 years and risk of breast cancer showed an inverse association (P for trend = 0.001). Women who had middle physical force work were at significantly lowered OR (0.62, 95%CI: 0.41-0.93) compared with women of headwork. Using women who standing or ambulation per day less than one hour as the reference, women who standing or ambulation more than one hour had a decreased risk of breast cancer. Using women who slept less than 5 hours per day as the reference, the women who slept 5-8 hours were at significantly decreased risk of breast cancer. Women who had habit of recreational physical activity were at significantly decreased risk (adjusted OR= 0.68, 95%CI: 0.53-0.88), with an inverse association between the exercise times per week and risk of breast cancer (P for trend = 0.025). These findings support that breast cancer risk is associated with body size, and that moderate occupational and recreational physical activity has protective effects on breast cancer.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2009; 10(5):877-81. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between drinking and polymorphisms of alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (ADH2) and/or aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) for risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Chinese males. A case-control study was conducted in 190 cases and 223 population-based controls. ADH2 Arg47His (G-A) and ALDH2 Glu487Lys (G-A) genotypes were identified by PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC). Information on smoking and drinking was collected and odds ratio (OR) was estimated. The ADH2 A/A and ALDH2 G/G genotypes showed moderately increased CRC risk. The age- and smoking-adjusted OR for ADH2 A/A relative to G/A and G/G was 1.60 (95% CI=1.08-2.36), and the adjusted OR for ALDH2 G/G relative to G/A and A/A was 1.79 (95% CI=1.19-2.69). Significant interactions between ADH2, ALDH2 and drinking were observed. As compared to the subjects with ADH2 G and ALDH2 A alleles, those with ADH2 A/A and ALDH2 G/G genotypes had a significantly increased OR (3.05, 95% CI= 1.67-5.57). The OR for CRC among drinkers with the ADH2 A/A genotype was increased to 3.44 (95% CI= 1.84-6.42) compared with non-drinkers with the ADH2 G allele. The OR for CRC among drinkers with the ALDH2 G/G genotype was also increased to 2.70 (95% CI= 1.57-4.66) compared with non-drinkers with the ALDH2 A allele. Polymorphisms of the ADH2 and ALDH2 genes are significantly associated with CRC risk. There are also significant gene-gene and gene-environment interactions between drinking and ADH2 and ALDH2 polymorphisms regarding CRC risk in Chinese males.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2008; 14(32):5078-83. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate associations between the Rsa I polymorphism of CYP2E1 and risk of colorectal cancer. A case-control study was conducted with 315 colorectal cancer cases (105 colon, 210 rectal) and 439 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. Genomic DNA samples were assayed for restriction fragment length polymorphisms in CYP2E1 by PCR amplification followed by digestion with Rsa I. Information on smoking and alcohol drinking was collected using a questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated with an unconditional logistic model. The proportional distribution of the CYP2E1 Rsa I c1/c1, c1/c2 and c2/c2 genotypes were 61.4%, 35.6% and 3.0% in controls, 60.6%, 33.7% and 5.8% in colon cancer cases, and 58.4%, 34.0% and 7.7% in rectal cancer cases, respectively. A significant difference was noted between controls and rectal cancer cases (P = 0.029), the c2/c2 genotype being associated with elevated OR (adjusted age, sex and status of the smoking and alcohol drinking) for rectal cancer (1.64, 95% CI, 1.12-2.41, vs c1 allele carriers), but not for colon cancer. In interaction analysis between the CYP2E1 Rsa I genotype and smoking and drinking habits, we found a significant cooperative action between the c2/c2 genotype and alcohol drinking in the sex-, age-adjusted ORs for both colon (4.74, 95% CI, 1.10-20.40) and rectal (5.75, 95% CI, 1.65-20.05) cancers. Among non-smokers, the CYP2E1 Rsa I c2/c2 genotype was also associated with elevated ORs in the two sites (1.95, 95% CI, 0.99-3.86 and 2.30, 95% CI, 1.32-3.99). The results of the present study suggest that the CYP2E1 c2/c2 genotype increases susceptibility to rectal cancer and the gene-environmental interactions between the CYP2E1 polymorphism and smoking or alcohol drinking exist for colorectal neoplasia in general.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2007; 13(43):5725-30. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between polymorphisms of methylenetetra-hydrofolate reductase gene 1298A-->C (MTHFR 1298A-->C) and its susceptibility of esophageal cancer (EC). We conducted a case-control study with 141 cases of EC and 228 population-based controls in Huaian city of Jiangsu province, China. Epidemiological data were collected, and DNA of peripheral blood leukocytes was obtained from all of the subjects. MTHFR genotypes were identified by polymerase chain reaction. (1) The frequency of MTHFR 1298AA, AC and CC genotype were 63.8%, 34.0% and 2.1% in EC and 71.9%, 28.1% and 0.0% in controls, respectively (chi(2)(MH) = 6.69, P = 0.035). The frequency of the MTHFR 1298C allele was 0.19 for EC and 0.14 for controls. (2) Individuals having MTHFR 1298C allele and smoking habit were at a significantly higher risk of developing EC (adjusted OR = 3.48, 95% CI: 1.57 - 7.71) compared with those who having AA genotype but no smoking habit. Individuals having MTHFR 1298C allele and habit of frequent alcohol drinking were at an increased risk of developing EC (adjusted OR = 2.91, 95% CI: 1.20 - 7.08) compared with those with AA genotype and low consumption of alcohol. Individuals having MTHFR 1298C allele but no habit of tea drinking had a 3.52-fold (95% CI: 1.64 - 7.54) increased risk of developing EC compared with tea drinkers with AA genotype. As compared with subjects having AA genotype, low consumption of alcohol, no smoking habit but having habit of drinking tea, the individuals having 1298C allele, habits of frequent alcohol drinking, smoking but no habit of tea drinking had a 12.64-folds (95% CI: 1.39 - 114.65) increased risk of developing EC. Results in the present study suggested that there was a coordinated effect between MTHFR 1298 genotypes and habits of smoking, alcohol drinking and tea consumption in the development of EC.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 04/2004; 25(4):341-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Thymidylate synthetase (TS) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) are major enzymes in the metabolism of folates, involved in DNA 'breaks', instability and hypomethylation. To investigate the possible relations between the TS 3'-UTR and MTHFR C677T polymorphisms and environmental factors impacting on risk of esophageal and stomach cancers, we conducted a case-control study in a high incidence region of China for these cancers. We recruited 138 esophageal and 155 stomach cancer cases, and 223 controls. The TS 3' -UTR and MTHFR C677T genotypes were detected by RFLP assay, using PCR products. The frequency of the -6 bp homozygous TS 3' -UTR genotype was 37.7 % in controls, higher than in Caucasians, although the present distribution was not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Ever-smoking with the -6 bp/-6 bp TS genotype elevated the ORs (2.61, 1.24-5.49; 3.54, 1.60-7.82) for cases of esophageal and stomach cancers, respectively, when compared with never-smoking with the +6 bp/+6 bp and +6 bp/-6 bp genotypes. No combination between the TS and MTHFR genotypes gave increased ORs. The present results suggest that TS polymorphism may modify the risk of esophageal and stomach cancer with smoking, pointing to the necessity for further investigations with information on folate and methionine intake with a larger population.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2004; 5(2):133-8. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate interactions between lifestyle, methylanetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) and polymorphisms in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the thymidylate synthase gene (TS) with reference to development of stomach cancer (SC). We conducted a case-control study with 107 cases of SC and 200 population-based controls in Huaian city of Jiangsu province, China. TS genotypes were identified by polymerase chain reaction. (1) The frequencies of TS genotypes (+6 bp/+6 bp, +6 bp/-6 bp and -6 bp/-6 bp) among the cases were 5.6%, 47.7% and 46.7% and among the controls were 9.0%, 54.0% and 37.0%, respectively. Individuals identified as -6 bp/-6 bp genotype had a slightly higher risk for SC than those individuals with +6 bp alleles (the crude OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 0.90 - 2.47; adjusted OR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.00 - 1.78, P = 0.047). (2) Individuals having TS -6 bp/-6 bp genotype and having smoking habit were at a significantly higher risk of developing SC (adjusted OR = 2.79, 95% CI: 1.51 - 5.18) compared with those who had +6 bp alleles with no smoking habit. Individuals having TS -6 bp/-6 bp genotype and habit of frequent alcohol drinking were at an increased risk of developing SC (adjusted OR = 1.76, 95% CI: 1.07 - 2.90) compared with those with +6 bp alleles and low consumption of alcohol. As compared with individuals with +6 bp alleles and who had habit of tea drinking, individuals who had TS -6 bp/-6 bp genotype and but without habit of tea drinking had an increased risk of developing SC (adjusted OR = 2.34, 95% CI: 1.43 - 3.82). (3) Individuals with TS -6 bp/-6 bp genotype and with MTHFR T alleles had an increased risk of developing SC (adjusted OR = 2.67, 95% CI: 1.07 - 6.70) compared with those with +6 bp alleles and with MTHRF C/C genotype. Results in the present study suggested that there was a combined effect between lifestyle, MTHFR C/T or T/T genotype and TS -6 bp/-6 bp genotype in the development of SC.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 08/2003; 24(7):599-603.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is involved in many types of DNA damage, e.g., resulting in 8-hydroxyguanine adducts. Since a human counterpart exists for the yeast gene OGG1 (hOGG1) encoding an enzyme that repairs 8-hydroxyguanine, its polymorphism, Ser(326)Cys, might have potential as a genetic marker for cancer susceptibility. To investigate its association with stomach cancer risk and possible interactions with environmental factors, we conducted a case-control study of 101 stomach cancer cases and 198 controls using PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism and a questionnaire approach. The proportional distribution of the Cys/Cys alleles did not differ between stomach cancer cases and controls, but subgroup analyses revealed that a frequent drinking habit elevated the odds ratio (OR) for stomach cancer in Cys/Cys compared to Ser/Ser and Ser/Cys carriers. The ORs with frequent consumption of pickled vegetables and meat tended to be higher in Cys/Cys than in Ser/Ser and Ser/Cys carriers, these interactions being on the borderline of statistical significance. Our findings suggest that the hOGG1 Ser(326)Cys polymorphism may alter the impact of some environmental factors on stomach cancer development. For confirmation, an additional study with a larger number of subjects is now required.
    International Journal of Cancer 07/2002; 99(4):624-7. · 6.20 Impact Factor