Constantinos Economou

Tzaneio General Hospital of Piraeus, Le Pirée, Attica, Greece

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Publications (14)16.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: I This study examined the effect of the number of accepted responses in transient evoked otoacoustic emissions on the results of neonatal hearing screening programmes. The ILO88 Otodynamics Analyzer Quickscreen programme was used for all testing, and a three-stage procedure was adopted by averaging 20, 30, and 260 low-noise samples in total. The results were recorded after each stage of the testing in those cases in which, after the first 20 accepted responses, the “pass” criteria were met. Under these circumstances, 117 ears were included in the study from a total number of 334 screened ears. It was concluded that 20 averaged quiet responses are adequate for screened newborn babies to pass the test if the conditions of the “pass” criteria are fulfilled at this stage. In the rest of the newborn babies, testing should be continued using a larger number of clicks. For diagnostic and clinical purposes, the full 260 quiet samples must be used since the results indicated statistically better scores in response and reproducibility measures after the 260 averaged responses. Sumario Este estudio examina el efecto del número promediado de respuestas aceptadas en las emisiones otoacústicas evocadas por transitorios en los progra-mas de tamizaje auditivo infantil. Se utilizó el pro-grama rápido de tamizaje del IL088 de Otodynamics; se realizó el estudio con un total de 20, 30 y 260 promediaciones con bajo ruido. Se grabaron los resultados después de cada etapa de la prueba, en aquellos casos en los que después de los primeras 20 respuestas aceptadas se obtuvo el criterio “pasa”. En estas condiciones se incluyeron 117 oídos de un total de 334 analizados. Se concluyó que 20 respuestas silenciosas son suficientes cuando se alcanza el criterio “pasa” en esa etapa. En el resto de los neonatos, se debe continuar con un mayor número de clicks. Para propósitos clínicos y de diagnóstico, se deben reunir las 260 respuestas; con esta cifra la reproductibilidad y la respuesta en sí es mucho mejor.
    07/2009; 39(6):293-299.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of transient otoacoustic emissions in an audiological protocol used in the evaluation of patients suspicious of pseudohypacusis. This was a prospective study of 72 adult patients suspicious of pseudohypacusis on the grounds of case history and inconsistent audiometric results. The subjects were randomly assigned to a treatment group or control group. The treatment group consisted of 42 patients who underwent a four-stage protocol that included (1) standard speech and pure-tone audiometry, (2) transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and tympanometry, (3) repeat modified pure-tone audiometry, and (4) auditory brain stem response (ABR) audiometry. The control group consisted of 30 patients, who underwent an identical protocol except that Stage 2 (TEOAEs and tympanometry) was omitted. The main outcome measure was the mean exaggeration level defined as the difference in mean pure tone average (PTA) between the initial and the repeat session (mean PTAinitial minus mean PTArepeat). The mean PTA (average threshold at 1, 2, 3, and 4 kHz) on repeat audiometry was significantly better than the mean PTA obtained on the initial evaluation for each group. However, the mean exaggeration level was significantly greater for the treatment group (35.2 dB HL) than for the control group (11.0 dB HL). In addition, there was no significant difference between the mean PTArepeat (32.7 dB HL) and the mean click-evoked ABR threshold (31.6 dB nHL) for the treatment group whereas the mean PTArepeat (52.9 dB HL) was significantly poorer than the click evoked ABR threshold (29.2 dB nHL) for the control group. The inclusion of TEOAEs and tympanometry in an audiological protocol used in the evaluation of patients suspicious of pseudohypacusis resulted in a significantly greater threshold improvement on repeat modified pure-tone audiometry when compared to the improvement observed for a control group in which these tests were not performed.
    Ear and Hearing 01/2004; 24(6):518-827. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Starting as a small military and academic network, the Internet has gradually evolved into a worldwide web, which connects most local networks as well as millions of personal computers from individual users. It is of interest to the medical practitioner, that ever more biomedical resources are becoming available on-line to assist in clinical medicine, research and education. In this paper a detailed list of the World Wide Web sites accessible through the Internet is provided, in which data about newborn hearing screening may be found. Web resources of medical equipment and suppliers and sites including otoacoustic emissions topics, are presented as well. This review is intended to present the wealth of the accessible information on the Internet and to promote further presentation on the web of any available hearing screening data from hospitals and Audiology Departments in which such programs are implemented.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 05/2003; 67(4):333-40. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between hypotension and slowly developing hearing impairment, using otoacoustic emissions. A group of 42 patients was examined, with diastolic blood pressure < or = 60 mmHg and systolic blood pressure < or = 105 mmHg. The subjects underwent biochemical, cardiological, ENT and audiological examinations. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were recorded in the format of DP-gram. The results were compared to the data of 30 normal persons of similar age and sex, examined at the same laboratory. Audiometric results showed that 18 patients had mild or moderate symmetrical hearing loss in one or more frequencies, mainly in the lower frequency range. DPOAE of the patients had reduced amplitude as compared to controls or were even absent, in one or more frequencies. It may be concluded that a hypotensive condition could be a possible factor in the origin of cochlear damage and DPOAE may be useful in monitoring hypotensive patients.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 04/2003; 117(4):265-9. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During recent years medical information through Internet is increasingly available to both patients and professionals and ever more biomedical resources become available on line to assist in clinical medicine, education and research. The purpose of this article is to present a detailed list of all the worldwide web sites of rhinology that are accessible through the Internet.
    Rhinology 01/2003; 40(4):229-34. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During recent years, the Internet has evolved into the largest computer network in the world, allowing access to vast amounts of information and services. Medical information is increasingly available to both patients and professionals, and ever more biomedical resources are becoming available on-line to assist in research, clinical medicine, and education. The Internet has always provided useful resources to otolaryngologists, implemented at various academic departments and national organizations or by specialists or specific medical web sites offering technical, scientific, and biomedical information. The purpose of this article is to provide as complete a list as possible of the World Wide Web sites accessible through the Internet that are of interest to otolaryngologists. It summarizes different types of resources available, including educational material, audiology sites, outcomes research, discussion lists, research laboratories, publications, medical libraries, news and medical conferences, organizations, academic departments, otolaryngological and medical resources, medical and surgical equipment and suppliers, and miscellaneous other sites of interest to otolaryngologists. This review is intended to present the wealth of the accessible information on the Internet and to promote the use of the network to otolaryngologists who do not have extensive experience in computers or telecommunications.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 01/2003; 111(12 Pt 1):1139-43. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the occurrence of each variant of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPVV) and to present some specific clinical features and the results of their treatment by appropriate repositioning maneuvers. A retrospective review of the records of patients with BPPV. Neurotology clinic of the ear, nose, and throat department of a general hospital. One hundred twenty-two patients were included in the study, 54 male and 68 female, mean ages 61.8 and 59.6 years, respectively, ranging in age from 25 years to 86 years and with symptoms lasting for an average of 124 days. The diagnosis of each type of BPPV was based on the history of the patients and on the positive results of the appropriate provoking maneuver. From all the patients, a comprehensive history was obtained, followed by clinical examination of the ears, nose, and throat and a complete audiologic and neurotologic examination, including electronystagmography. All patients were treated with an appropriate repositioning maneuver, depending on the type of BPPV. Of 122 patients, 110 had posterior canal involvement, 10 had horizontal canal involvement, and only 2 had the anterior canal variant. The canalith repositioning procedure was immediately successful in 106 patients and in 8 more patients proved successful after its repetition in a second session, resulting in a total success rate of 93.4%. All the BPPV variants shared the same clinical and demographic characteristics and responded equally well to treatment. However, differential diagnosis was necessary to apply the appropriate canalith repositioning procedure. Although data from clinical and histologic studies do not fully account for the observed relative occurrence of each variant of BPPV, a satisfactory explanation may be provided by the anatomic location of each semicircular canal and additionally by self-treatment of most cases of the horizontal and the anterior canal variety.
    Ontology & Neurotology 12/2002; 23(6):926-32. · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhinoliths are foreign bodies of the nose, which may be encountered during the course of a routine examination. If undetected for a long time, they may grow large enough to cause symptoms of nasal obstruction, mimicking sinusitis. We report four patients with rhinoliths presenting with diverse clinical findings. Removal was easy and uneventful in all cases.
    Rhinology 10/2002; 40(3):162-4. · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of otolaryngology 09/2002; 31(4):239-43. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ramsay Hunt syndrome is known to cause symptoms and signs of vestibulocochlear dysfunction, including sensorineural hearing loss. The present study investigates the audiological features of a group of 15 patients with this syndrome. A complete otolaryngological, neurologic, and audiological workup was performed in every patient, including auditory brain stem response measurements and recording of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions. In most patients, some degree of hearing loss was evident, and abnormal latencies and interpeak latencies of the auditory brain stem response, or even absence of the waves, were observed. Transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions were present in only 6 cases, and caloric tests showed unilateral weakness in the majority of the patients. In all of the performed tests, abnormalities were present only on the affected side. The audiological data suggested cochlear or retrocochlear involvement or involvement at more than one site along the auditory pathway.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 02/2002; 111(1):68-76. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Arnold-Chiari malformation type I is a rare congenital condition characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils into the upper cervical spinal tract. Various otoneurological manifestations occur in patients with the disease, which has usually been associated with a downbeat type of nystagmus. In this paper a case with this condition is reported presenting with periodic alternating nystagmus (PAN), which is a rare type of nystagmus observed in diseases of the central nervous system of different pathologies. The patient had a complete otoneurological examination and vestibular function testing. Diagnosis was established by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 01/2002; 115(12):1001-4. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The masseteric space is an important tissue compartment of the neck, but disease in it is difficult to diagnose and treat. In this paper a case of a young adult male with an abscess of the submasseteric space is presented. Diagnosis was established by computed tomography (CT) of the neck, but the severity of the lesion was not accurately estimated. Surgical intervention was performed and a large quantity of pus was drained. A detailed medical history and clinical examination of the patient as well as CT are important tools in the accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment of the disease.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 02/2001; 115(1):68-70. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigates cochlear function in a group of 11 patients suffering from mitochondrial myopathy with normal or near normal audiometric pure tone thresholds, in most of whom diagnosis was histologically confirmed. A complete ENT, neurologic and audiological work-up, including transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions, was performed in all patients in order to estimate cochlear function. Compared to control subjects, most patients had absent otoacoustic emissions (OAE) in spite of normal hearing, indicating cochlear dysfunction. These findings suggest that subclinical involvement of the cochlea is quite common in patients with mitochondrial myopathy. Damage of the cochlea can be explained on the grounds of its increased metabolic rate, resulting in failure of the stria vascularis and the outer hair cells. Otoacoustic emissions might provide a useful tool in the clinical work-up and follow-up of these patients.
    ORL 64(5):315-20. · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effect of the number of accepted responses in transient evoked otoacoustic emissions on the results of neonatal hearing screening programmes. The ILO88 Otodynamics Analyzer Quickscreen programme was used for all testing, and a three-stage procedure was adopted by averaging 20, 30, and 260 low-noise samples in total. The results were recorded after each stage of the testing in those cases in which, after the first 20 accepted responses, the "pass" criteria were met. Under these circumstances, 117 ears were included in the study from a total number of 334 screened ears. It was concluded that 20 averaged quiet responses are adequate for screened newborn babies to pass the test if the conditions of the "pass" criteria are fulfilled at this stage. In the rest of the newborn babies, testing should be continued using a larger number of clicks. For diagnostic and clinical purposes, the full 260 quiet samples must be used since the results indicated statistically better scores in response and reproducibility measures after the 260 averaged responses.
    Audiology: official organ of the International Society of Audiology 39(6):293-9.