Eralp Buduneli

Ege University, Ismir, İzmir, Turkey

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Publications (42)99.4 Total impact

  • P Gümüş, E Buduneli
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate three different stabilization methods with regards to the amount of shrinkage in free gingival graft. Forty-five patients were included in three study groups: where stabilization was achieved with conventional technique, cyanoacrylate or microsurgery. In the conventional group standardized 5-0 sutures were used. In the microsurgery group grafts were stabilized with 7-0 sutures and loupe. In the third group, graft was stabilized with cyanoacrylate. Keratinized tissue width, graft area, gingival recession were calculated by a specific software on standard photographs at baseline, 1-, 3-, 6-month follow-ups. Duration of surgery was also recorded. Pain in recipient and donor sites was assessed using visual analogue scale within the first postoperative week. Change in keratinized tissue width was similar in the study groups at all times. Graft shrinkage was significantly less (p < 0.05) in the cyanoacrylate group than the other groups, whereas those in the conventional and microsurgery groups were similar. Significantly less pain in the recipient site was reported by the patients in the cyanoacrylate group (p < 0.05). Duration of surgery was significantly less in the cyanoacrylate group than the other groups (p < 0.05). Less graft shrinkage in the free gingival graft, together with shorter surgery time and less pain in the recipient site obtained in the cyanoacrylate group, suggest that cyanoacrylate may be considered as an alternative for stabilization of free gingival grafts.
    Australian Dental Journal 02/2014; · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum levels of a proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL) and B cell activating factor (BAFF) and compare this to differences between TNF-alpha levels in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoporosis (OPR) and systemically healthy women with periodontal disease (SH). Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum samples were obtained before any periodontal intervention from 17 RA, 19 OPR patients and 13 SH women with periodontitis. Full-mouth clinical periodontal measurements were recorded. APRIL, BAFF and TNF-α levels were determined by ELISA. Statistical analysis was performed using multivariate analysis, ANOVA and Spearman correlation. Pocket depths differed in site-specific comparisons, but otherwise clinical measurements were similar in the three study groups. Multivariate least squares regression ANOVA adjusted for age and for plaque index indicated that total amounts of TNF-α and concentrations of TNF-α, BAFF and APRIL were significantly greater in the RA patients than in the SH group (p<0.05), and GCF concentrations of BAFF were greater in OPR patients than in SH. Serum TNF-α and BAFF were significantly higher in the RA group compared to SH (p<0.05) and serum TNF-α was greater in RA than in OPR (p<0.05). APRIL and BAFF correlated with RANKL levels in GCF and serum (p<0.05). Despite long-term usage of anti-inflammatory drugs in the RA and OPR patients, increased TNF-family cytokines, might suggest that these patients have a propensity to overproduce these inflammatory mediators but whether this results from greater disease activity or contribute to greater disease activity remains moot.
    Archives of oral biology 10/2013; 58(10):1302-8. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This cross-sectional case-control study was conducted to provide a comparative evaluation of clinical periodontal measurements, together with serum levels of certain bioactive peptides and inflammatory cytokines, in relation to obesity. For this purpose, clinical periodontal measurements and the levels of serum leptin, adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 of obese female individuals and their nonobese counterparts were compared. Sixty obese (body mass index (BMI) > 30) and 31 nonobese (BMI < 30) female subjects were recruited for the present study. Before any periodontal intervention, serum samples were obtained and full-mouth clinical periodontal measurements were recorded at six sites per tooth. ELISA was used for the biochemical analysis. Data were tested statistically. Clinical attachment level was significantly higher in the obese group compared with the nonobese control group (p < 0.05). Serum levels of leptin and IL-6 were significantly higher in the obese group (p < 0.05). BMI correlated with the serum levels of inflammatory molecules (p < 0.05), but not with clinical periodontal parameters, in the obese group. In conclusion, obesity does not seem to have a prominent effect on clinical periodontal parameters but it does have many correlations with circulating inflammatory molecules. As suggested in the literature, increased levels of leptin and IL-6 in the obese group might be one explanation for a possible relationship between obesity and periodontal disease. A prospective study is warranted to clarify, in greater detail, the effects of obesity on periodontal health.
    Journal of Periodontal Research 08/2013; · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: This study was performed to evaluate gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum levels of soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (sRANKL), interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-17E, IL-17F, IL-17A/F and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoporosis (OPR) and systemically healthy (SH) women all with periodontal disease. Methods: Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum samples were obtained before any periodontal intervention from 17 RA, 19 OPR patients and 13 SH women with periodontitis. Full-mouth clinical periodontal measurements were recorded. sRANKL, OPG, IL-17 levels were determined by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay. Results: Clinical periodontal measurements were similar in the three study groups. Although the total amounts of GCF albumin, OPG, IL-17A and IL-17A/F, were similar in the study groups, there were statistically significant differences in GCF concentrations of sRANKL, OPG, IL-17A, IL-17E, IL-17F and IL-17A/F. The sRANKL/OPG ratio were significantly higher in the RA group than in the OPR and SH groups (p<0.05). Serum sRANKL, sRANKL/OPG and IL-17A/IL-17E ratios were significantly higher, while OPG concentrations were significantly lower in the RA group compared with other groups (p<0.05). Serum IL-17A concentrations were significantly higher in the RA and OPR groups than in the SH group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Increased inflammatory mediator levels in RA patients despite the long-term usage of various anti-inflammatory drugs suggest that these patients may have a propensity to overproduce these inflammatory mediators.
    Journal of Periodontology 01/2013; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are indications that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may have an effect on the oral environment, which is reflected in the expression of salivary and gingival proteinases. According to our knowledge, no studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of AMI on the activities of two major tissue-destructive serine protease and microbial effectors, elastase and cathepsin G, produced by oral fluid polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN). Therefore, we compared the activities of elastase and cathepsin G in saliva from patients with AMI and from systemically healthy subjects (non-AMI) with similar periodontal conditions. A total of 92 patients (47 AMI and 28 non-AMI patients with gingivitis or periodontitis, and 17 systemically and periodontally healthy subjects as a control group) were recruited. Clinical periodontal measurements were recorded, and stimulated whole-saliva samples were collected. The patients with AMI were clinically examined within 3-4 d after admission to the coronary care unit. The activities of saliva neutrophil elastase and cathepsin G were measured after collection, at specific time-points during incubation (from baseline to 23 h) by specific synthetic peptide substrate assays. The saliva of patients with AMI and periodontitis had a significant trend for the highest elastase activities among the study groups. Elastase and cathepsin G activities correlated significantly with each other in the AMI periodontitis group (r = 0.8, p < 0.01). In a logistic regression analysis, the level of salivary elastase activity associated significantly with periodontitis. AMI may be reflected in PMN serine protease elastase activity in saliva, despite its strong association with periodontitis.
    Journal of Periodontal Research 12/2011; 47(3):345-53. · 1.99 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Periodontology 01/2011; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to compare salivary and serum biomarker levels and degrees of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation between patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and systemically healthy patients (non-AMI) with similar periodontal conditions. A total of 92 patients (47 AMI and 28 non-AMI patients with gingivitis or periodontitis; and 17 systemically and periodontally healthy patients as a control group) were recruited. Clinical periodontal measurements were recorded; stimulated whole saliva and serum samples were collected. AMI patients were clinically examined within 3 to 4 days after admission to the coronary care unit. Saliva samples were analyzed for levels of MMP-8, MMP-7, and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Serums were tested for MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 levels by immunofluorometric assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Molecular forms and degree of activation of salivary MMP-8, MMP-9, and MMP-13 were analyzed by computer-scanned immunoblots. Total salivary MMP-8 assessed by immunofluorometric assay method and immunoblot densitometric units was higher in non-AMI than in AMI patients' saliva, but a significantly higher percentage of AMI patients' MMP-8 was activated polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) type (P <0.001) regardless of periodontal diagnosis.Serum MMP-8, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 levels were significantly higher in AMI (for all markers and all comparisons,P <0.05). Characteristic for AMI was dominance of active PMN MMP-8 in saliva [corrected].
    Journal of Periodontology 11/2010; 82(5):716-25. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate a possible link between periodontal status of pregnant women and the plasminogen activator system in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). GCF samples were obtained from four interproximal sites of anterior teeth in 43 women during the second trimester and also after delivery. Full mouth dental plaque, bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) values were recorded at six sites/tooth in each subject. GCF levels of tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and its inhibitor, plasminogen activator-inhibitor-2 (PAI-2) were determined by ELISA. Data comparisons between pregnancy and post-partum were made by Wilcoxon signed rank test. The number of pockets with a PD>4 mm and total volume of GCF sampled were reduced significantly after delivery (p=0.000 and p=0.013, respectively). No significant differences were detected in GCF concentrations of t-PA or PAI-2 between pregnancy and post-partum. Our results suggest that GCF t-PA and PAI-2 concentrations are not affected by pregnancy. Reductions in PD values and GCF volume following delivery indicate a resolution of oedema in gingival tissues, possibly related to hormonal changes due to the ending of pregnancy.
    Australian Dental Journal 09/2010; 55(3):292-7. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of adjunctive meloxicam administration on clinical periodontal measurements and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and interleukin-1-beta (IL-1beta) levels in chronic periodontitis. Forty chronic periodontitis patients were randomized to receive either meloxicam 7.5 mg or placebo tablets for 10 days with scaling and root planing (SRP). GCF levels of PGE(2) and IL-1beta at baseline, day 10 of drug intake and 4 weeks after SRP were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Demographic, clinical periodontal data were analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni analysis. GCF PGE(2) and IL-1beta levels were compared between different evaluation times using the Friedman test. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare biochemical data between the study groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to relate clinical and biochemical data. Study groups showed significant reductions in all clinical periodontal measurements and GCF volume (p < 0.05). In both groups, IL-1beta was reduced significantly on day 10 and at week 4 compared with baseline (p < 0.01) without significant changes in PGE(2) levels (p > 0.05). No significant differences were found between study groups in GCF IL-1beta or PGE(2) levels (p > 0.05). Adjunctive meloxicam does not seem to provide additional improvement in clinical parameters or GCF PGE(2) and IL-1beta levels. Larger-scale studies may better clarify potential usage of anti-inflammatory agents in periodontal therapy.
    Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 08/2010; 11(11):1805-12. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate the effects of initial periodontal treatment on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of interleukin (IL)-17, soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (sRANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in smoking and non-smoking patients with chronic periodontitis. At baseline, GCF samples were obtained from 10 smoking and 10 non-smoking systemically healthy patients with chronic periodontitis. Initial periodontal treatment, consisting of motivation and instruction for daily plaque control and scaling and root planing (SRP), was performed. GCF sampling and clinical periodontal measurements were repeated 4 weeks after completion of SRP. The data were tested statistically by the Student t and Wilcoxon matched-pairs test and Spearman correlation analysis. All clinical periodontal measurements had decreased significantly 4 weeks after SRP (P <0.001). GCF volume and the total amount and concentration of OPG decreased in smokers and non-smokers after SRP, whereas the IL-17 concentration increased (P <0.05). sRANKL levels did not differ between groups or with SRP (P >0.05). Significant correlations were found between baseline IL-17 and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) levels and between baseline papilla bleeding index and OPG levels (P <0.001 and P <0.05, respectively). Neither smoking nor periodontal inflammation seemed to influence GCF RANKL levels in systemically healthy patients with chronic periodontitis. Smoking and non-smoking patients with chronic periodontitis were not affected differently by the initial periodontal treatment with regard to GCF IL-17 and OPG concentrations.
    Journal of Periodontology 08/2009; 80(8):1274-80. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in tissue-destruction mechanisms-associated periodontitis. MMP-8 and -13 are the predominant collagenases that are important in the extracellular matrix degradation in periodontal tissues. MMP-14 is a membrane-type MMP, whereas laminin-5 indicates basal membrane modification and epithelial induction. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of celecoxib and omega-3 fatty acid administration on the gingival tissue expression of MMP-8, -13, and -14, tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1, and laminin (Ln)-5gamma2-chain in rat experimental periodontitis induced by Escherichia coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]). Experimental periodontitis was induced in rats by repeated LPS injection. Fifty-one adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six study groups: saline control, LPS, LPS + celecoxib, LPS + therapeutic omega-3 (TO3), prophylactic omega-3 + LPS + omega-3 (P+TO3), and LPS + celecoxib + omega-3 fatty acid. Celecoxib and omega-3 fatty acid were given as a single agent or as combination therapy for 14 days. On day 15, all rats were sacrificed, and gingival tissues were analyzed immunohistochemically for the expression of MMP-8, -13, and -14, TIMP-1, and Ln-5gamma2-chain. Alveolar bone loss was evaluated morphometrically under a stereomicroscope. Data were tested statistically by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and Spearman correlation analysis. Alveolar bone loss was significantly higher in all study groups compared to the saline control group (all P <0.01). MMP-8 expression was significantly higher in the LPS group than in the saline group (P = 0.001). Very low expression of MMP-8 was found in the celecoxib, P+TO3, and combination groups. TO3 increased TIMP-1 expression significantly compared to the LPS group (P <0.05). Individual celecoxib and P+TO3 administration increased MMP-14 significantly compared to saline control and LPS groups (P <0.05). No significant differences were found among the study groups with regard to Ln-5gamma2-chain and MMP-13 expressions (P >0.05). Selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, prophylactic omega-3 fatty acid, and a combination of these two agents can inhibit gingival tissue MMP-8 expression. Moreover, the individual administration of therapeutic omega-3 may increase gingival TIMP-1 expression in contrast to no effect on MMP-8, -13, and -14 expressions in experimental periodontitis. These experimental findings in a rat model of LPS-induced periodontitis need to be verified by clinical human studies.
    Journal of Periodontology 01/2008; 79(10):1934-1941. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Periodontology 01/2008; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in tissue destruction mechanisms of periodontitis. MMP-8 and -13 are the major collagenases that act in extracellular matrix degradation in periodontal tissues. MMP-14 is a membrane-type MMP, and laminin (Ln)-5 is a basal membrane component. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of doxycycline and alendronate on gingival tissue expression of MMP-8, -13, and -14; tissue inhibitors of MMP (TIMP)-1; and Ln-5 gamma2 chain in experimental periodontitis induced by Escherichia coli endotoxin (LPS) in rats. Experimental periodontitis was induced by repeated injection of LPS. Forty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five study groups: saline control, LPS, LPS + doxycycline, LPS + alendronate, and LPS + doxycycline + alendronate. Doxycycline and alendronate were given as a single agent or as combination therapy during the 7 days of the experimental study period. On day 7, the rats were sacrificed, and the gingival tissues were analyzed immunohistochemically for expression of MMP-8, -13, and -14, Ln-5 gamma2 chain, and TIMP-1. Alveolar bone loss was evaluated morphometrically under a stereomicroscope. Data were tested statistically by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and Spearman correlation analysis. Alveolar bone loss was significantly higher in the LPS, doxycycline, alendronate, and combination groups than in the saline control group (all P <0.01). MMP-8 expression was significantly higher in the LPS group than in the saline control group (P = 0.001). Individual administration of doxycycline or alendronate significantly decreased the expression of MMP-8 compared to LPS (P = 0.01). Combined drug administration reduced MMP-14 significantly compared to doxycycline (P = 0.004). No significant differences in Ln-5 gamma2 chain expression were found between the study groups (P >0.05). MMP-14 significantly correlated with the Ln-5 gamma2 chain in the LPS + alendronate group (P = 0.04) and with the amount of alveolar bone loss in the LPS + doxycycline + alendronate group (P = 0.03). Our findings suggest that alendronate and/or doxycycline may inhibit MMP-8 expression significantly; particularly, their combined administration may provide beneficial effects in periodontal treatment. Moreover, individual administration of alendronate and doxycycline results in significant increases in TIMP-1 expression in gingiva. However, these effects of combined low-dose doxycycline and alendronate on MMPs and TIMP should be verified by clinical human trials before these agents are used in dental practice.
    Journal of Periodontology 02/2007; 78(1):127-34. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was planned to evaluate cell division rate and apoptosis by immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization techniques in cyclosporin A (CsA)-induced gingival overgrowth tissue samples to determine whether these processes played a role in the pathogenesis of this condition. Fourteen CsA-induced overgrowth tissues from renal transplant recipients, 10 control tissues from patients with plaque-induced gingivitis, and 14 control tissues from systemically and periodontally healthy subjects were evaluated. In patient groups, clinical periodontal recordings and tissue sampling were performed before initiation of any periodontal intervention. Numbers of Ki-67-positive cells/field and apoptotic cells/field in formalin-fixed/paraffin-embedded tissue sections were determined. Data were evaluated by one-way analysis of variance, post hoc Sidak test with modified Bonferroni correction, and Pearson correlation analysis. Three phenytoin- and five nifedipine-induced overgrowth tissues were also processed in the same way, and findings in these tissue specimens were evaluated as case series. The number of keratinocytes was significantly greater in the CsA-induced gingival overgrowth group than in the healthy control group (P <0.05). Cells labeled by in situ end labeling, namely the apoptotic cells, were significantly fewer in the CsA group than in the gingivitis and healthy control groups (P <0.01). Overall, statistically significant positive correlations were found between the numbers of Ki-67-positive cells and probing depth and hyperplastic, bleeding, and plaque indices (P <0.01). Phenytoin and nifedipine samples exhibited obviously higher expression of Ki-67-positive cells than the CsA, gingivitis, and healthy control groups. Our findings suggest that decreased apoptosis may have a more prominent role than increased cell division in the pathogenesis of CsA-induced gingival overgrowth.
    Journal of Periodontology 02/2007; 78(2):282-9. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Periodontology 01/2007; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we evaluated the effects of two different regimes of dietary supplementation of omega-3 fatty acid on serum levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta), osteocalcin (OC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in experimental periodontitis. Experimental periodontitis was induced by repeated injections of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Thirty-nine adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four study groups as follows: an LPS positive control group; a saline (negative) control group; and two different groups with omega-3 fatty acid dietary supplementation, one in which we gave the supplement subsequent to disease induction (TO3) and the other in which the agent was started prior to and continued subsequent to LPS injections (P + TO3). In the TO3 group, omega-3 fatty acid administration was performed for 14 days following induction of experimental periodontitis. In the P + TO3 group, omega-3 fatty acid was given for 14 days prior to the start of LPS injections and was continued for another 14 days subsequent to the induction of experimental periodontitis. On day 15 of the first LPS injection, serum samples were obtained and rats were sacrificed. Serum samples were analyzed for IL-1beta, OC, and CRP concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Defleshed jaws were analyzed morphometrically for alveolar bone loss. Data were evaluated statistically by non-parametric tests. LPS injection resulted in statistically significantly more bone loss compared to the saline control group (P <0.05). None of the omega-3 fatty acid administration groups showed evidence that this fatty acid was effective in preventing LPS-induced alveolar bone loss. TO3 and P + TO3 groups revealed significantly higher IL-1beta and OC levels than the LPS group (P <0.05). The study groups exhibited no significant differences in the serum CRP levels. Omega-3 fatty acid administration does not seem to influence circulating levels of CRP. The significantly increased serum OC level observed in both omega-3 fatty acid regimes is curious and could have an effect on bone turnover, as could the further significant increase in serum IL-1beta, which could counteract any osteoblastic induction by OC through promotion of osteoclast activity. The lack of a therapeutic benefit of omega-3 fatty acid in this study, despite the effects on OC and IL-1beta, is difficult to explain, and further studies are required to more fully assess the potential role of this fatty acid in periodontal treatment.
    Journal of Periodontology 05/2006; 77(5):814-20. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, and omega-3 fatty acid on serum levels of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1beta), osteocalcin (OC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in experimental periodontitis. Experimental periodontitis in rats was induced by repeated injection of purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from Escherichia coli endotoxin. Forty-seven adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five study groups as follows: saline control, LPS, LPS + celecoxib, LPS + omega-3 fatty acid, and LPS + celecoxib + omega-3 fatty acid. Celecoxib and omega-3 fatty acid were given alone or in combination during 14 days of the experimental study period. At the end of the 2-week protocol, serum samples were obtained, and the rats were sacrificed. Serum samples were analyzed for IL-1beta, OC, and CRP concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Defleshed jaws were analyzed morphometrically for alveolar bone loss. Data were evaluated statistically by non-parametric tests. According to the morphometric measurements, the LPS and drug treatment groups showed significantly higher bone loss than the saline control group (P <0.05). Omega-3 fatty acid, both alone and in combination with celecoxib, revealed significantly higher IL-1beta levels than LPS and celecoxib groups (P <0.05). Individual and combined administration of celecoxib and omega-3 fatty acid significantly increased OC levels compared to the LPS group (P <0.05). There were no significant differences in serum CRP levels. Celecoxib and/or omega-3 fatty acid administration does not significantly influence circulating levels of CRP. The significantly increased serum OC level observed after individual and combination administration suggests that celecoxib and omega-3 fatty acid may influence bone remodeling and thereby inhibit the progression of alveolar bone resorption. However, the failure to observe any significant inhibition of bone loss in celecoxib- and/or omega-3 fatty acid-treated rats compared to the LPS group suggests that their therapeutic effect may be reduced by other factors, such as increases in serum IL-1beta promoting osteoclast activity.
    Journal of Periodontology 05/2006; 77(4):657-63. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of systemic administration of low-dose doxycycline and a bisphosphonate, alendronate, on serum levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), osteocalcin (OC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in experimental periodontitis in rats. Experimental periodontitis was induced by repeated injection of purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from Escherichia coli endotoxin. Forty-seven adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five study groups and given LPS, LPS + doxycycline, LPS + alendronate, LPS + doxycycline + alendronate, and saline control. At the end of the 1-week protocol, blood samples were obtained, and the rats were sacrificed. Serum samples were analyzed for IL-1beta, OC, and CRP concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The jaws were defleshed, and alveolar bone loss was assessed morphometrically. Data were evaluated statistically by non-parametric tests. Morphometric measurements revealed significantly more bone loss in the LPS group compared to the saline control group (P <0.05). Alendronate revealed slight inhibition on alveolar bone loss either alone or in combination with doxycycline (alveolar bone loss: 0.41 mm in alendronate and combined drug treatment groups versus 0.45 mm in LPS and doxycycline groups). Significantly higher IL-1beta levels were observed with alendronate either alone or in combination with doxycycline than in the LPS group (P <0.05). Combined administration of doxycycline and alendronate showed significantly higher levels of OC than all of the other groups (P <0.01). Serum CRP levels did not exhibit significant differences between the study groups. Alendronate either alone or in combination with doxycycline provided slight inhibition on LPS-induced alveolar bone resorption. The significantly increased serum OC level observed in the combined drug treatment group suggests that combined administration of alendronate and doxycycline might increase bone remodeling and thereby inhibit the progression of alveolar bone resorption in rats.
    Journal of Periodontology 11/2005; 76(11):1927-33. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Periodontitis has been linked to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Systemic reactions associated with cardiovascular events may depend on characteristics of the subgingival microflora in periodontitis. Our objectives were to compare the numbers of cultivable bacteria, composition of subgingival microflora and clonal distribution of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) in two groups of patients with generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP), one with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI-GCP) and the other one without AMI (non-AMI-GCP). In all, 150 dentate individuals were screened for suitability to this study. Subgingival bacterial samples were collected from 11 AMI-GCP and 11 non-AMI-GCP patients who had been selected using strict inclusion criteria in an attempt to exclude confounding factors and to increase comparability of periodontal conditions by matching for periodontal probing depths and attachment levels. Culture methods were used to determine the total viable counts and occurrence and proportions of six periodontal bacterial species and yeasts. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was used to detect A. actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis). Intraspecies characterization of A. actinomycetemcomitans included serotyping and genotyping. The mean proportions of P. gingivalis (P = 0.05) and Tannerella forsythensis (T. forsythensis) (P = 0.01) were significantly lower, but the numbers of Micromonas micros (M. micros) and A. actinomycetemcomitans were up to nine times higher and the mean total number of cultivable bacteria per sample higher (P <0.01) in AMI-GCP than in non-AMI-GCP. The findings that no target subgingival species were overrepresented but the total bacterial number was higher in AMI-GCP than non-AMI-GCP patients may provide support to the hypothesis that elevated numbers of bacteria in close vicinity to sterile parenteral area present a risk for systemic health.
    Journal of Periodontology 05/2005; 76(5):740-8. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study assessed levels of plasminogen activator (PA) system proteins in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum of chronic gingivitis, chronic periodontitis patients and periodontally healthy subjects and evaluated how smoking influenced these levels. Twenty chronic gingivitis; 20 chronic periodontitis patients and 20 periodontally healthy volunteers were consecutively recruited according to the inclusion criteria so that exactly half of the subjects in each category were smokers. GCF samples from four sites together with serum samples were obtained from each subject. GCF levels of tissue type PA (t-PA), urokinase type PA (u-PA), PA inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and PA inhibitor-2 (PAI-2) and serum concentrations of cotinine, u-PA and PAI-1 were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The only statistically significant difference between smokers and non-smokers was a lower GCF PAI-2 concentrations in healthy smokers compared with healthy non-smokers (p<0.01). Gingivitis and periodontitis patients had higher GCF concentrations of PAI-2 than healthy subjects (p<0.002 and p<0.02 respectively). The ratio of u-PA:PAI-1 and t-PA:PAI-1 were significantly higher in GCF of smokers with periodontitis compared with "healthy" smokers, whereas the ratio of t-PA:PAI-2 was significantly lower in smokers with periodontal disease (p<0.05). GCF levels of the PA system proteins are increased in chronic gingivitis and periodontitis compared with healthy gingiva. Smoking had only subtle effects on the GCF PA system proteins with the exception of PAI-2, and the balance of activators and inhibitors. These findings suggest one mechanism whereby smoking may exert detrimental effects on the periodontal tissues.
    Journal Of Clinical Periodontology 04/2005; 32(4):417-24. · 3.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

394 Citations
99.40 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2014
    • Ege University
      • Department of Periodontology
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2005
    • Marmara University
      • Faculty of Health Education
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 2003
    • Gazi University
      • Faculty of Dentistry
      Ankara, Ankara, Turkey