Christian Rabe

University of Bonn, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (61)157.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In patients with cirrhosis, bacterial DNA has been found in ascites reflecting bacterial translocation. However, the clinical relevance of this finding is ill-defined especially compared with the standard diagnostics for detection of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Furthermore, other DNA tests have not been sufficiently evaluated. We prospectively included 151 patients with cirrhosis and ascites admitted to our department. The patients were evaluated for diagnosis of SBP (polymorphonuclear count > 250 cells/mm) or finding of bacterascites, defined by positive bacterial culture from ascites. To detect bacterial species of bacterial DNA fragments in ascites, broad-range polymerase chain reaction and nucleotide sequencing analysis with the LightCycler SeptiFast Kit Mgrade were performed. Routine parameters were correlated with these findings. Eighteen of 151 patients (12%) had SBP according to the classic definition. Bacterial DNA was detected in five of these 18 patients (3%), whereas in 13 patients (9%), bacterial DNA was detected without standard SBP. Seven patients (5%) had culture-positive SBP, only in two of them bacterial DNA was detected. In multivariate analysis, C-reactive protein (P = 0.000), white blood cell count (P = 0.019), and lactic acid dehydrogenase in ascites (P = 0.000) were independently associated with SBP. In the DNA-positive ascites group, none of the assessed parameters was significantly associated with the bacterial DNA positivity. We found no correlation between detection of bacterial DNA in ascites and SBP (polymorphonuclear count > 250/mm). In contrast to the patients with bacterial DNA in ascites, patients with SBP showed clinical signs of infection. This study provides no evidence that detection of bacterial DNA in ascites of patients with liver cirrhosis is of clinical or diagnostic relevance when using the panel of LightCycler SeptiFast Kit Mgrade.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 12/2010; 22(12):1487-94. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • Zeitschrift Fur Gastroenterologie - Z GASTROENTEROL. 01/2010; 48(08).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to characterize patients and report outcome of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) requiring intensive care unit support. Thirty-seven patients were identified. Clinical characteristics and outcome were determined by chart review. Eighty-nine percent of patients presented with shortness of breath, 23% with cough, and 3% with hemoptysis. In 9% of patients, a diagnosis of DAH was suspected on admission. Diagnosis was confirmed by finding a progressively hemorrhagic bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in 89% and by a positive iron stain in 11% of patients. Vasculitis was causative in 19%, drug toxicity in 11%, thrombocytopenia in 27%, stem-cell transplantation in 5%, sepsis-associated lung injury in 22%, and unknown mechanisms in 16%. Thirty-two patients were mechanically ventilated, 4 received noninvasive ventilation, and 1 received supplemental oxygen therapy. Overall, 18 (49%) of 37 patients survived the intensive care unit stay. Survival was markedly different between patients with an immunologic/unknown etiology (82%) and patients with thrombocytopenia and/or sepsis (22%). Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage should be considered in all patients with persistent pulmonary infiltrates. Both bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and iron stain are mandatory diagnostic means. Patients with an immunologic/idiopathic pathogenetic mechanism have a relatively good prognosis, whereas the outcome in individuals with DAH secondary to cancer therapy or sepsis is poor.
    Journal of critical care 08/2009; 25(2):230-5. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Individuals carrying germline mutations in one of the genes responsible for hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) have a lifetime risk of up to 80 % of developing colorectal cancer. As there is evidence for a higher incidence of flat adenomatous precursors and because an accelerated adenoma-carcinoma sequence has been postulated for these patients, early detection of these lesions is essential. It was the aim of the present study to assess the detection rate of polypoid lesions by comparing chromocolonoscopy with standard white light colonoscopy and narrow-band imaging (NBI) colonoscopy. 109 patients were included (98 with a functionally relevant mutation in a mismatch repair gene, 11 fulfilling the strict Amsterdam criteria). In 47 patients, standard colonoscopy was followed by chromocolonoscopy with indigo carmine. In 62 patients, NBI was performed first followed by chromocolonoscopy. A total of 128 hyperplastic and 52 adenomatous lesions were detected. In the first series, 0.5 lesions/patient were identified by standard colonoscopy and 1.5 lesions/patient by chromocolonoscopy ( P < 0.001). In the second series, 0.7 lesions/patient were detected by NBI colonoscopy and 1.8 lesions/patient by chromocolonoscopy ( P = 0.01). At least one adenoma was detected in 15 % of patients by both standard and NBI colonoscopy compared with 28 % of patients by chromocolonoscopy. According to this study, chromocolonoscopy detects significantly more hyperplastic and, in particular, adenomatous lesions than standard white light colonoscopy or NBI.
    Endoscopy 04/2009; 41(4):316-22. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Large-volume paracentesis in patients with cirrhosis and ascites induces arterial vasodilatation and decreases effective arterial blood volume, termed paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD), which can be prevented by costly intravenous albumin. Vasoconstrictors, e.g. terlipressin, may also prevent PICD. The aim was to compare the less expensive vasoconstrictor midodrine, an alpha-adrenoceptor agonist, with albumin in preventing PICD. Twenty-four patients with cirrhosis and ascites were randomly assigned to be treated with either midodrine (n=11) (12.5 mg three times per day; over 2 days) or albumin (n=13) (8 g/L of removed ascites) after large-volume paracentesis. Effective arterial blood volume was assessed indirectly by measuring plasma renin and aldosterone concentration on days 0 and 6 after paracentesis; renal function and haemodynamic changes were also measured. PICD was defined as an increase in plasma renin concentration on day 6 by more than 50% of the baseline value. PICD developed in six patients of the midodrine group (60%) and in only four patients (31%) of the albumin group. Six days after paracentesis, the aldosterone concentration increased significantly in the midodrine group, but not in the albumin group. This pilot study suggests that midodrine is not as effective as albumin in preventing circulatory dysfunction after large-volume paracentesis in patients with cirrhosis and ascites.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 05/2008; 28(7):1019-25. · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Organophosphate poisoning is associated with a high mortality rate due to respiratory failure, dysrhythmias, and multi-organ failure. We report two cases of survival after "in-the field" antidote treatment of very severe organophosphate poisonings. Two patients orally ingested large amounts of the organophosphorous agent oxydemeton-methyl in suicide attempts, resulting in the hypercholinergic syndrome in both. Resuscitation included early administration of antidote by emergency medical personnel as well as high-dose atropine. Plasma levels of pseudo cholinesterase were initially very low in both patients. Long-term mechanical ventilation was necessary, and both patients developed aspiration pneumonia. At discharge, no major neurological deficits were present. Prompt antidote treatment and aggressive supportive emergency and intensive care unit therapy contribute to improved survival after acute organophosphate poisoning. We believe that in cases of mass poisonings--for example, terrorist activity--therapy must be available on the scene as soon as possible. This also may require decentralized antidote storage.
    Journal of Emergency Medicine 03/2008; 37(3):279-82. · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 02/2008; 23(1):385-6. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Zeitschrift Fur Gastroenterologie - Z GASTROENTEROL. 01/2008; 46(01).
  • Journal of Hepatology - J HEPATOL. 01/2008; 48.
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - GASTROINTEST ENDOSCOP. 01/2008; 67(5).
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE to assess the clinical and hemodynamic outcome after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedures (TIPS) and compare these results between polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-coated stent-grafts and bare stents. METHOD AND MATERIALS Since 1992 346 consecutive patients with portal hypertension underwent implantation of bares stents (n=276) or covered stent-grafts (Viatorr-stents; n=70). Demographic variables, cirrhosis etiology and Child-Pugh class, indication of TIPS placement and clinical outcome were recorded. Follow-up was performed with clinical assessment, duplex ultrasound and, if abnormal or inconclusive, with invasive venography and pressure measurements. RESULTS The technical success rate was 99 %. Acute repeat intervention (within 30 days) was required for portal vein thrombosis (n=2) and continued bleeding (n=6). Immediate post-procedural complications occurred in eight patients (2.3 %), two of them were lethal. The mean follow-up was 21.7+/-21.9 for bare stents and 9.3+/-7.8 months for covered stents, respectively. Mean primary patency for bare stents was 6 months compared to 19 months for covered stents. Secondary patency rate for bare stents was 94 % (after 10 years) compared to 98 % for covered stents (after 5 years). During these intervals repeat interventions were performed: mean 2.5 in pts. with bare stents, 1.0 in pts. with covered stents. CONCLUSION Short term patency rate is improved with placement of PTFE-covered stent-grafts. Long-term patency rate is almost comparable, although more re-interventions are needed in patients with bare stents. CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION This confirms the good technical results and improved early patency of covered stents compared with bare stents, althoug with regular surveillance long term patency is almost comparable.
    Radiological Society of North America 2007 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting; 11/2007
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor, and new alternative treatments are needed. To comparatively test the angiostatic and antitumour effects of adenoviral gene transfer of angiostatin (PlgK1-4, amino acids 1-440) and full kringles 1-5 (PlgK1-5, amino acids 1-546) in a model of subcutaneously transferred HCC in mice. PlgK1-4 and PlgK1-5 were generated from human WtPlg cDNA and used for adenovirus construction. Vector function and angiostatic effects were confirmed in vitro and in vivo. Antitumoral efficacies of intratumoral vector injections were studied in a model of subcutaneously transferred HCC model. Cell supernatants containing PlgK1-4 and PlgK1-5 reduced endothelial tube formation in vitro by about 30%, whereas WtPlg exerted no inhibitory effect. Endothelial cell infiltration in vivo was decreased by about 60%, but not in AdWtPlg-treated animals. Intratumoral treatment of subcutaneous HCC tumours inhibited growth by 40% for AdPlgK1-4 and 63% for AdPlgK1-5 in surviving mice 12 days after initiation of treatment, whereas treatment with AdWtPlg even led to accelerated growth. Although PlgK1-4 and PlgK1-5 have similar inhibitory effects on intratumoral microvessels, PlgK1-5 markedly improved the survival time compared with PlgK1-4. PlgK1-5 and PlgK1-4 effectively inhibited HCC growth. As PlgK1-5 could also prolong the survival time, inducing complete tumour elimination in half of the AdPlgK1-5-treated mice, PlgK1-5 might be the most potential plasminogen fragment for treatment of experimental HCC.
    Gut 03/2007; 56(2):271-8. · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-dose chemotherapy (HDT) with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) plays an important role in the treatment of aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). We report on a retrospective analysis of all patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who were consecutively treated with HDT followed by ASCT at the University Hospital of Bonn, Germany, between 1996 and 2004. A total of 25 patients were transplanted for biopsy-proven diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Eight patients received up-front HDT as first-line therapy, four patients received HDT due to incomplete response to conventional induction chemotherapy, and six patients were treated for primary refractory disease. Seven patients had recurrent lymphoma. A complete remission (CR) was achieved in 14 of 25 patients (56%). Estimated 3-year survival for patients treated with upfront HDT, chemosensitive patients with incomplete response to first line therapy, and patients with chemosensitive relapsed disease was 87.5%, 50.0% and 60.0%, respectively. In contrast, no patient with primary refractory disease or relapsed disease lacking chemosensitivity lived longer than 8 months. Chemosensitivity was the only significant prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) in multivariate analysis. Our results confirm that HDT and ASCT is a highly effective therapy in patients with DLBCL leading to long-term survival in a substantial proportion of patients. Patients treated upfront for high-risk disease, incomplete response to conventional first-line therapy, or for chemosensitive relapse have a good prognosis. In contrast, patients with primary chemorefractory disease and patients with relapsed disease lacking chemosensitivity do not benefit from HDT with ASCT.
    German medical science : GMS e-journal 02/2007; 5:Doc02.
  • Zeitschrift Fur Gastroenterologie - Z GASTROENTEROL. 01/2007; 45(08).
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    ABSTRACT: The addition of rituximab to chemotherapy in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been shown to improve outcome in first-line therapy. However, in patients with relapsed or refractory disease, the value of adding rituximab to salvage chemotherapy is less clearly defined. This study performed a matched-pair analysis of patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL by comparing the combination of dexamethasone, high-dose cytarabine and cisplatin (DHAP) with rituximab to DHAP alone. Sixty-seven patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL were collected from two prospective phase II trials from Germany and Italy. Twenty-three patient pairs treated with either DHAP in combination with rituximab or DHAP alone could be analysed after matching for important prognostic factors. The addition of rituximab to the DHAP regimen led to higher complete and similar overall remission rates. However, differences with regard to complete remission rates failed to reach statistical significance, thereby necessitating further evaluation of the role of combined immunochemotherapy in this patient population.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 01/2007; 47(12):2558-66. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Zeitschrift Fur Gastroenterologie - Z GASTROENTEROL. 01/2007; 45(01).
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    ABSTRACT: We designed a multicenter Phase II trial to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of rituximab with the DHAP regimen (dexamethasone, high-dose cytarabine, cisplatin) in patients who relapsed after or were resistant to a CHOP-like regimen. A total of 53 patients with relapsed or resistant aggressive B-cell NHL were analyzed. The overall response rate was 62.3 percent. With a median follow-up of 24.9 months, median overall and progression-free survivals were 8.5 and 6.7 months, respectively. Immunochemotherapy with rituximab and DHAP proved to be feasible and effective in this patient population.
    Cancer Investigation 11/2006; 24(6):593-600. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The induction of liver fibrosis is difficult in mice. Here, we intended to improve fibrosis induction by combination of thioacetamide (TAA) injections and ethanol (EtOH) feeding and to characterize features of liver damage in this model. Most experimental therapeutic studies are performed in mice without pre-damaged livers. C3H mice were injected three times/week (0.15 mg/g body weight) and fed with EtOH. Tissue and serum samples were collected and analysed. Portal fibrosis was verified by van Gieson staining showing a mild fibrosis (score F2) in TAA-treated mice and liver fibrosis (score F4) in the combination group using TAA/EtOH. Consonant with the histological results, the fibrosis marker MMP-2 and alpha 1 procollagen (I) were elevated at week 10 and 15 after treatment initiation in the combination group, whereas tissue protective proteinase, TIMP-1, was 18.5-fold increased only at week 10 but normalized until week 15. Fibrosis development was associated with elevated ICAM-1 expression. Taken together, TAA/EtOH application was suitable to induce liver fibrosis characterized by typical bio-markers in C3H/He.
    Journal of Hepatology 10/2006; 45(3):370-6. · 9.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by gene transfer techniques was effectively applied to control experimental tumor growth, whereas effects on systemic VEGF levels had not been investigated. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of VEGF inhibition by adenoviral-mediated gene delivery of a dominant-negative soluble fragment of FLK-1 (sFlk-1) on systemic VEGF levels, organ-specific VEGF-RNA expression and antitumor efficacy in a murine colorectal cancer (CRC) tumor model. Vector function of AdsFlk-1 was shown by Western blot analysis and transgene expression was documented over a time period of 42 days in the serum of treated mice. Although cell supernatant of CT26 cells contained considerable levels of VEGF, systemic VEGF levels in the serum of tumor-bearing mice remained unaffected. Interestingly, mice that were systemically treated with AdsFlk-1 showed a strong upraise of circulating VEGF, whereas VEGF remained at background levels in the control. Vascular endothelial growth factor was increased not only in tumor bearing but also in healthy, tumor-free mice. Vascular endothelial growth factor determination in liver tissue homogenates showed a 16.5-fold upraise in AdsFlk-1-treated animals as compared to the AdLacZ control. Consecutively, systemic small interfering RNA injection targeted against VEGF reverted elevated VEGF levels almost back to normal levels. In spite of elevated VEGF levels, AdsFlk-1 administration showed significant antitumor effects in a subcutaneous metastatic CRC tumor model. There was no significant correlation between antitumour treatment response and VEGF levels in this model. Collectively, we conclude that the systemic administration of AdsFlk-1 had significant inhibitory effects on metastatic CRC tumor growth in spite of elevated systemic VEGF levels and that VEGF serum concentrations did not correlate to tumor burden and antitumor treatment response in this model.
    Gene Therapy 09/2006; 13(16):1198-205. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metal stents are a valuable treatment modality for patients with biliary obstruction. However, we present here two patients whose cases may serve as a warning about an unusual complication associated with these stents. We encountered this complication after endoscopic retrograde cholangiography for obstructed metal biliary stents. The first patient, an 87-year-old man with a benign biliary stricture, failed to regain consciousness after clearing of his stent using a Dormia basket and balloon catheter. Cerebral air embolism was diagnosed on cerebral computed tomography, and transesophageal echocardiography revealed a patent foramen ovale as a precipitating factor for paradoxical air embolism. He survived and was discharged with a residual hemiparesis. In the second patient, a 54-year-old man who had a history of a Billroth II operation and chronic pancreatitis and who had a portal cavernoma with biliary obstruction due to collateral veins, electromechanical dissociation complicated the balloon-catheter stent revision. Echocardiography performed during cardiopulmonary resuscitation showed major air embolism to the right heart. The patient died. These cases demonstrate that air may gain access to the venous system during therapeutic endoscopic procedures of this type. It is likely that the large diameter of metal stents and the potential for these stents to lacerate venous structures facilitate the entry of air into the venous circulation, an event which may have life-threatening consequences.
    Endoscopy 07/2006; 38(6):648-50. · 5.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

605 Citations
157.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2010
    • University of Bonn
      • • Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I
      • • Institute of Molecular Medicine
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2001–2007
    • University of Bonn - Medical Center
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    • Sigmund-Freud-Institut
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
  • 2005
    • Evangelisches Krankenhaus Kalk
      Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2001–2004
    • Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry
      München, Bavaria, Germany