Kazushige Kanki

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (8)12.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A large number of diverse signaling molecules in cell and animal models participate in the stimulus-response pathway through which the hypertrophic growth of the myocardium is controlled. However, the mechanisms of signaling pathway including the influence of lithium, which is known as an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, in pressure overload hypertrophy remain unclear. The aim of our study was to determine whether glycogen synthase kinase-3beta inhibition by lithium has acute effects on the myocyte growth mechanism in a pressure overload rat model. First, we created a rat model of acute pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy by abdominal aortic banding. Protein expression time courses for beta-catenin, glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, and phosphoserine9-glycogen synthase kinase-3beta were then examined. The rats were divided into four groups: normal rats with or without lithium administration and pressure-overloaded rats with or without lithium administration. Two days after surgery, Western blot analysis of beta-catenin, echo-cardiographic evaluation, left ventricular (LV) weight, and LV atrial natriuretic peptide mRNA levels were evaluated. We observed an increase in the level of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta phosphorylation on Ser 9. A significant enhancement of LV heart weight (P < 0.05) and interventricular septum and posterior wall thickness (P < 0.05) with pressure-overloaded hypertrophy in animals treated with lithium were also observed. Atrial natriuretic peptide mRNA levels were significantly increased with pressure overload hypertrophy in animals treated with lithium. We have shown in an animal model that inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta by lithium has an additive effect on pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 06/2010; 58(6):265-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxygen-derived free radicals are responsible in part for reperfusion injury in globally ischemic myocardium. In this study, the efficacy for resuscitation of nonbeating donor hearts of MCI-186, a free-radical scavenger and antioxidant, was investigated in a pig transplantation model. Cardiac arrest was induced by asphyxiation. After 30 minutes of global ischemia, the hearts were excised and immediately reperfused from the aortic root with normoxemic blood cardioplegia (PO2 100 mm Hg) for 20 minutes, followed by perfusion with hyperoxemic blood (PO2 300 mm Hg). MCI-186 (3 mg/kg) was administered into the aortic root for the first 30 minutes of reperfusion in the treated group (n = 6), and untreated hearts were used as a control group (n = 6). Transplantation was performed with the heart beating. Posttransplantation recovery of cardiac output, end-systolic pressure-volume ratio, and first derivative of pressure of the left ventricle in the treated group were significantly better than those in the control group. The coronary sinus-aortic root difference in malondialdehyde levels remained low throughout reperfusion in the treated group but abruptly increased after initiation of oxygenated blood perfusion in the control group. The MCI-186-treated hearts showed low degree of edema and well-preserved ultrastructure with normal-appearing organelles, whereas the untreated hearts had marked swelling of mitochondria and scant glycogen granules. MCI-186 exerts a cardioprotective action at least partly by inhibition of lipid peroxidation. Antioxidant therapy at the initial reperfusion is essential to successful resuscitation of nonbeating hearts by continuous myocardial perfusion.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 07/2007; 133(6):1626-32. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of 75-year-old man who underwent an apicoaortic bypass for severe aortic stenosis. The patient had a porcelain aorta accompanied by a severely calcified aortic annulus. We used a woven polyester vascular graft instead of a rigid apical connector because the latter material cannot be obtained in Japan. Postoperative examination showed no compression or stenosis in the apical outflow. A woven polyester vascular graft is therefore considered suitable for an apicoaortic bypass.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 07/2007; 55(6):240-2.
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a successful case of surgical treatment for anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) syndrome with severe left ventricular dysfunction. Because of the severe left ventricular dysfunction, we planned to use an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for heart support until a satisfactory recovery had been established. The left ventricular function significantly recovered in a few days, and the patient could be discharged without any complications.
    Acta medica Okayama 03/2007; 61(1):41-5. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Warm ischemia is a major cause of cardiac allograft failure in transplants from non-heart-beating donors. To minimize myocardial ischemia, we used a continuous myocardial perfusion technique for resuscitation of donor hearts. The purpose of the present study was to investigate an optimal duration of controlled initial reperfusion. Cardiac arrest was induced by asphyxia in 18 donor pigs. The hearts were harvested 30 minutes after global warm ischemia. Continuous myocardial reperfusion was immediately commenced from the aortic root with blood cardioplegic solution (20 degrees C, 40 mm Hg) and then with oxygenated blood (20 degrees to 37 degrees C, 40 to 60 mm Hg). Animals were divided into three groups according to the duration of the initial reperfusion: group I = 5 minutes, group II = 20 minutes, and group III = 60 minutes. Orthotopic transplantation was performed while keeping the heart beating by continuous myocardial perfusion. Cardiac function was evaluated before anoxia and after transplantation. Lactate extractions were determined during reperfusion. Myocardial edema was assessed by heart weight and posterior wall thickness of the left ventricle. Recovery rates of cardiac function in group II hearts after transplantation were better than in groups I and III (cardiac output, 61% +/- 9% versus 41% +/- 5% versus 44% +/- 4%, respectively; p < 0.05; left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume ratio, 64% +/- 8% versus 36% +/- 9% versus 42% +/- 6%, respectively; p < 0.05). Lactate extractions in groups II and III returned to 0 within 20 minutes of reperfusion. Myocardial edema after transplantation in group II hearts was less than in groups I and III. The best recovery was observed in the non-beating donor hearts resuscitated by continuous myocardial perfusion when the initial controlled reperfusion with lukewarm blood cardioplegic solution at 40 mm Hg lasted for 20 minutes.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 06/2006; 81(6):2167-71. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to provide short- and mid-term results of open aortic valvotomy (OAV) for patients with critical aortic stenosis (AS). Between December 1993 and June 1996, 6 patients with critical AS underwent an OAV in our unit. Their ages and body weights at operation ranged from 1 to 65 days (median age, 9 days) and from 2.4 to 5.7 kg (median weight, 3.3 kg), respectively. Peak pressure gradient and diameter of the aortic valve ranged from 25 to 111 mmHg (mean value, 79 mmHg) and from 4.6 to 7.5 mm (mean diameter, 6.1 mm), respectively. OAV comprised the valvular commissurotomy and excision of the myxomatous nodules with cardiopulmonary bypass. No early or late death occurred. Mean peak pressure gradient across the aortic valve was reduced to 33 mmHg (from 15 to 44 mmHg) with no aortic insufficiency in 2 patients and trivial insufficiency in 4. During the follow-up period of 6 to 9 years, 3 out of 6 patients required no reintervention. The other 3 patients required repeated valvotomy for recurrent stenosis within 0.2 to 1.3 years after the operation. Of these, 2 patients required the Ross procedure at 7 years of age or older, and another at 6 years of age awaits the Ross procedure. OAV for critical AS was effective without causing mortality or significant aortic insufficiency. Our current strategy comprising the initial OAV and "delayed Ross procedure" for recurrent stenosis with or without insufficiency is a promising therapeutic option for infants with critical AS.
    The Japanese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 12/2005; 53(11):593-7.
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 02/2005; 24(2). · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - J HEART LUNG TRANSPLANT. 01/2005; 24(2).