[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this review is to highlight the clinical utility of FDG-PET/CT for evaluation of patients with chronic sarcoidosis. The emphasis was on the potential advantages and disadvantages of this technique in these patients based on which recommendations were made. The advantage of FDG-PET/CT technique is that it can visualize FDG accumulation in activated inflammatory cells and simultaneously provide PET and CT images. Of particular interest is the use of FDG-PET/CT for the staging and identification of occult sites and sites suitable for biopsy and for the assessment of inflammatory active sarcoidosis in patients with prolonged symptoms, especially when other markers of the disease are within normal values. FDG-PET/CT also provides a better visualization of extrathoracic sites of active sarcoidosis, such as in the bones, liver, spleen, and retroperitoneal lymph nodes. The use of FDG-PET/CT is of special interest in cardiac sarcoidosis because this potentially life-threatening disease is sometimes present in asymptomatic patients. FDG-PET/CT also has a role in the clinical management of patients with chronic persistent sarcoidosis, such as for planning treatment, monitoring response, and long-term follow-up. The limitations of FDG-PET/CT in patients with sarcoidosis are discussed in the context of a "sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome" and potentially excessive radiation exposure. Further prospective multicentre studies are needed to refine the clinical applications of FDG-PET/CT in patients with sarcoidosis and drive the field forward.
Seminars in nuclear medicine 11/2013; 43(6):404-411. · 3.96 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to compare perfusion and functional parameters between early (ES) and standard (SS) post-stress gated SPECT MIBI, to validate ES against coronary angiography, and to determine whether ES parameters can predict future cardiac events.
The sample included 63 patients with normal or mildly impaired left ventricular function and intermediate Duke Treadmill Score. They underwent a 2-day stress-rest gated SPECT MIBI with the post-stress data acquired at 15 minutes (ES) and 60 minutes (SS) after i.v. injection of 740 MBq of Tc-MIBI. The ES findings were compared to SS and against coronary angiography to determine their sensitivity/specificity for detecting >70% stenosis. The information about new-onset cardiac events was collected 26 ± 6 months later.
Perfusion parameters did not significantly differ between ES and SS. Ejection fraction was significantly lower and regional wall motion abnormalities were significantly higher on ES than SS. The corresponding perfusion and functional parameters were strongly related (linear regression slope 0.65-1.00, intercept -0.36-8.5, R 0.98-0.75). ES parameters had high sensitivity (96%) and specificity (83%) for detecting >70% stenosis. Lower early stress than rest EF (>5%), higher early stress than rest EDV, and early SSS >8 emerged as significant predictors of new-onset cardiac events.
Early post-stress gated SPECT MIBI yields comparable perfusion and functional parameters as the standard post-stress protocol. ES parameters are useful for detecting the existing coronary disease and for predicting future cardiac events. ES protocol is recommended for improving patient compliance and efficiency of nuclear cardiology services.
Clinical nuclear medicine 10/2013; 38(10):784-789. · 3.92 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare baseline to follow-up F-FDG PET/CT findings after treatment for active chronic sarcoidosis and to correlate changes on F-FDG PET/CT with changes in clinical status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample included 66 patients with chronic sarcoidosis and evidence of active inflammation on baseline F-FDG PET/CT for which they received therapy. Of these 66 patients, 30 returned for the follow-up F-FDG PET/CT after 12 (5) months to evaluate response to treatment. They were also asked to indicate changes in clinical status. Baseline characteristics of patients who did and did not return for the follow-up were compared to assess selection bias. RESULTS: SUVmax was significantly decreased at the follow-up compared with baseline F-FDG PET/CT (8.46 [3.52] vs 4.90 [0.96]; P = 0.006), primarily in the mediastinum. Inflammatory activity appeared absent in 9 patients, decreased in 12 patients, and increased in 9 patients, with the corresponding changes in SUVmax of -80%, -41%, and +54%, respectively. The changes on F-FDG PET/CT were in agreement with self-perceived changes in clinical symptoms (P = 0.019). The angiotensin-converting enzyme at the follow-up was not significantly different from baseline (49.80 [19.25] vs 46.35 [25.58], P = 0.522). There was no difference in baseline characteristics of patients who did and did not return for the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: F-FDG PET/CT is able to detect clinically meaningful changes in magnitude and extent of inflammatory activity in patients receiving treatment for active chronic sarcoidosis. Thus, F-FDG PET/CT is a valuable adjunct to clinical evaluation for monitoring the response to treatment in these patients.
Clinical nuclear medicine 03/2013; · 3.92 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies for the detection of metastases and recurrences of rectal carcinomas. Methodology: A total of 65 patients underwent immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies. Indication for that examination was suspicious rectal cancer or suspicious rectal cancer recurrence and/or metastases. Results: The method proved to have 92.7% sensitivity, specificity 83.3%, positive predictive value 90.5%, negative predictive value 87.0% and accuracy 89.2%. There was a statistically significant relationship between immunoscintigraphy findings and rectoscopy findings (rs=0.415, p=0.013), as well as significant relationship between immunoscintigraphy findings and US findings (rs=0.332, p=0.001). Tumor marker levels were in positive correlation with findings of immunoscintigraphy (rs=0.845, p=0.001), especially raised CEA level (rs=0.816, p=0.004). Patients with higher CA19-9 level had higher Duke's stage (p=0.025). Conclusions: We can conclude that immunoscintigraphy can be helpful in the detection of metastases and recurrences of colon carcinomas.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients in chronic phase of myocardial infarction (MI) have decreased coronary flow reserve (CFR) in infarct related artery (IRA) that is proportional to the extent of microvascular/myocardial damage. We proposed a novel model for the assessment of microvascular damage and infarct size using Doppler echocardiography evaluation of CFRs of the IRA (LAD) and reference artery (RCA). METHODS: Our study included 34 consecutive patients (28 men, mean age 50±11years) with first anterior STEMI and single vessel disease successfully treated with primary PCI. All patients underwent SPECT MPI for the assessment of infarct size (expressed as a percentage of myocardium with fixed perfusion abnormalities) and CFR evaluation of LAD and RCA. CFR derived percentage of microvascular damage (CFR PMD) was calculated as: CFR PMD=(CFR RCA-CFR LAD)/(CFR RCA-1)×100 (%). RESULTS: CFR PMD correlated significantly with all parameters evaluating the severity of myocardial damage including: peak CK activity (r=0.632, p<0.001), WMSI (r=0.857, p<0.001), ejection fraction (r=-0.820, p<0.001), left ventricular end diastolic (r=0.757, p<0.001) and end systolic volume (r=0.794, p<0.001). Most importantly, CFR PMD (22±17%) correlated significantly with infarct size by SPECT MPI (21±17%) (r=0.874, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CFR PMD derived from the proposed model was significantly related to echocardiographic and enzymatic parameters of infarct size, as well as to myocardial damage assessed by SPECT MPI in patients with successfully reperfused first anterior STEMI.
International journal of cardiology 10/2012; · 7.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the immunoscintigraphy with iodinated monoclonal antibodies for the detection of metastases and recurrences of colon carcinomas. Methods: A total of 45 patients with colon carcinoma was investigated with gamma camera, after intravenous application of iodinated monoclonal antibodies. Results: The sensitivity of the method was 90%, specificity 86%, positive predictive value 93%, negative predictive value 80% and accuracy 87%. There was statistically significant relationship between immunoscintigraphic and ultrasonographic (US) findings (p=0.005). Also, there was significant relationship between immunoscintigraphy and Dukes stage (p=0.019). Tumor marker levels were not significantly correlated with immunoscintigraphic findings (p<0.05). Significant difference was noted in patients with positive findings for malignancy on US and immunoscintigraphic findings (p=0.006), i.e. patients with positive findings for malignancy had more frequently immunoscintigraphic findings of malignancy. Correlation with other diagnostic procedures (rectoscopy, colonoscopy, CT) did not show significant correlations. Conclusion: We conclude that immunoscintigraphy can be helpful in the detection of metastases and recurrences of colon carcinomas.
Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 10/2012; 17(4):695-699. · 0.76 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for detection of inflammation in granulomatous sites and management of patients with chronic sarcoidosis. The 3 specific aims were to assess differences between (18)F-FDG PET/CT and multidetector CT (MDCT) findings, to compare (18)F-FDG PET/CT results with serum levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and to determine whether (18)F-FDG PET/CT findings are associated with the decision to change therapy.
We studied 90 sarcoidosis patients (mean age ± SD, 47 ± 12 y; 32 men and 58 women) with persistent symptoms who were referred for (18)F-FDG PET/CT evaluation to assess the extent of inflammation. They also underwent MDCT and measurement of serum ACE level. After the follow-up (12 ± 5 mo after (18)F-FDG PET/CT), the clinical status and changes in therapy were analyzed.
(18)F-FDG PET/CT detected inflammation in 74 patients (82%) (maximum standardized uptake value, 8.1 ± 3.9). MDCT was positive for sarcoidosis in 6 additional patients (80, 89%). The difference between the 2 methods was not significant (P = 0.238, McNemar test), and their agreement was fair (κ = 0.198). Although ACE levels were significantly higher in patients with positive than negative (18)F-FDG PET/CT results (P = 0.002, Mann-Whitney test), 38 patients (51%) with positive (18)F-FDG PET/CT results had normal ACE levels. The therapy was initiated or changed in 73 out of 90 patients (81%). Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that positive (18)F-FDG PET/CT results were significantly (P < 0.001) associated with changes in therapy, with no contribution from age, sex, ACE level, CT results, or previous therapy.
Our results indicate that (18)F-FDG PET/CT is a useful adjunct to other diagnostic methods for detecting active inflammatory sites in chronic sarcoidosis patients with persistent symptoms, especially those with normal ACE levels. (18)F-FDG PET/CT proved advantageous for determining the spread of active disease throughout the body and influenced the decision to adjust the therapy.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine 08/2012; 53(10):1543-9. · 5.77 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to assess diagnostic accuracy of Tc-99m depreotide and Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC scintigraphy for evaluation of pulmonary lesions that appeared ambiguous on computed tomography (CT).
Forty-nine consecutive patients (37 men and 12 women; mean age, 60 ± 11 years) with 60 pulmonary lesions on chest radiography and CT were referred for nuclear imaging. They were prospectively allocated to undergo whole-body scintigraphy (WBS) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using either Tc-99m depreotide (26 patients, group 1) or Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC imaging (23 patients, group 2). Histologic findings after tissue biopsy served as a gold standard for determining diagnostic accuracy of the 2 somatostatin analogs. Visual assessment was complemented by semiquantitative analysis based on target to background ratio.
Among the 32 pulmonary lesions scanned with Tc-99m depreotide, focal uptake was increased in 22 of 25 malignancies, whereas no uptake was found in 6 of 7 benign lesions (88% sensitivity, 85% specificity, and 88% accuracy) on both WBS and SPECT. Imaging of 28 pulmonary lesions with Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC had a similar diagnostic yield (sensitivity 87%, specificity 84%, and accuracy 86%). Overall, target to background ratios were higher on SPECT than WBS but not significantly different between groups 1 and 2 (SPECT 2.72 ± 0.70 vs. 2.71 ± 0.50, WBS 1.61 ± 0.32 vs. 1.62 ± 0.28, respectively).
This study demonstrates that Tc-99m depreotide and Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC have similar diagnostic value for characterizing pulmonary lesions that appear ambiguous on CT.
Clinical nuclear medicine 01/2012; 37(1):14-20. · 3.92 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim is to compare the radionuclide (DC) and ultrasonographic (US) method in the assessment of gallbladder (GB) motility.
The study was performed in 15 controls (C), 10 patients with acute cholecystitis (AC), 20 patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC), 26 patients with chronic cholecystitis with calculosis (CCC) as well as in 15 patients with GB dyskinesia (D). GB emptying period (EP), ejection fraction (EF) and ejection rate (ER) were estimated with dynamic cholescintigraphy (DC) and US.
The DC and US finding in the patients with AC was typical in all the patients, i.e. GB was not visualized at all on DC, while on US, stone was visible in the cystic duct. There were significant differences (p<0.05) between the EF and ER values obtained between C and the three groups of patients CAC, CCC and D, using both methods. However, there were no significant differences in EF, EP and ER values among CAC, CCC and D (p>0.05). There was also high correlation between the results obtained with both methods in all the groups of patients studied.
The results obtained by both methods are valuable for the assessment of GB motility. Although there are no significant differences and there is a high correlation between the values, radionuclide method is more precise, because it can register motility continuously.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several techniques have been applied for the assessment of severe congenital heart diseases (SCHD) including echocardiography, cardiac catheterization with angiocardiography, and more recently, cardiovascular multi detector tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The value of gated single photon emission tomography (GSPET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) for evaluating myocardial ischemia, tissue viability, and left ventricular function in SCHD is less apparent. The risk of radiation exposure is greatest in the youngest patients. Both, GSPET MPI and RNV seem to be underutilized in pediatric clinical practice due to increased radiation exposure. We have reviewed basic and specific technical and diagnostic aspects, as well as specific clinical indications of GSPET MPI and RNV in children with SCHD in comparison with other cardiology methods. Some of our own tests are also presented where they apply. In conclusion, GSPET MPI and RNV can provide clinical relevant information of functional significance of SCHD in pediatric patients especially when the other cardiology methods are indeterminate. With regard to radiation exposure appropriate patient selection and recommendations for reduction of radiation exposure are of great importance.
Hellenic journal of nuclear medicine 09/2011; 14(3):284-90. · 0.68 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal metastases from invasive lobular breast cancer are uncommon with the stomach and small intestines being the most common metastatic sites. Peritoneal and rectal metastases are very rare and only rarely occur as the first manifestation of disease. We herein report the case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with abdominal carcinomatosis as a first sign of invasive lobular breast carcinoma (ILC). Identifying the most important immunohistochemical markers for ILC: gross cystic disease fluid protein 15, estrogen and progesterone receptors enabled a correct diagnosis. After a six year disease-free period, relapse occurred with severe obstruction due to rectal metastasis from lobular breast carcinoma. Since there was no widespread metastatic disease, surgery with concomitant hormonal therapy was performed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the role of detection of late mesh infection following incisional hernia repair with radiolabeled antigranulocyte antibodies.
Mesh infection diagnoses were set up with clinical examination and laboratory analysis and confirmed by ultrasonography (US), computerized tomography (CT), scintigraphy with 99mTc-antigranulocyte antibodies and microbiological examination.
Of the 17 patients investigated, 6 had a late mesh infection, and 11 had both mesh infection and recurrent incisional hernia. Clear clinical signs of late mesh infection were present in 13 patients. Four remaining patients had non-specific discomfort and recurrent incisional hernia without clinical manifestation of mesh infection ('silent infection'). US was positive in 12/17 patients, CT in 13/17 patients, while scintigraphy with antigranulocyte antibodies in 17/17 patients. Therefore, sensitivity of US was 71%, of CT 76% and of scintigraphy 100%. In four patients late mesh infection was confirmed exclusively by 99mTc-antigranulocyte antibody scintigraphy, while US and CT did not indicate the infection.
According to the present results, scintigraphy with 99mTc antigranulocyte antibodies is a useful method for the detection of 'silent' abdominal wall infections after surgery, which is very important for prompt and appropriate therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gated single photon emission computed tomography (gated SPECT) myocardial imaging gives useful information about the extent and severity of perfusion abnormalities (PA) and global left ventricular (LV) function in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate by gated SPECT myocardial imaging differences in perfusion scores and LV function between stress and rest in patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction and/or normal function and previous inferior myocardial infarction (IMI) and to detect myocardial stunning.
The study included 77 patients (age 53 ± 8.21) with mild left ventricular dysfunction and previous IMI divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 34 patients with IMI and additional ischemia on perfusion scan and group 2 with 43 patients with previous IMI without ischemia on perfusion scan. All patients underwent a 2-day stress-rest gated SPECT myocardial imaging protocol with 99m technetium-methoxyisobutylisonitrile ((99m)Tc-MIBI).
There was a more significant post-stress to rest decrease in ejection fraction (EFps) in patients with IMI and additional ischemia (group 1) than in patients with IMI (group 2) (-1.5 ± 2.5 vs. 1.5 ± 2.3, p < 0.001). In group 1, there was a significant increase in post-stress end-systolic volume (ESVps) in comparison to ESVr (70.4 ± 29.8 vs. 66.2 ± 26.2 ml, p = 0.044). However, the decrease in EF post-stress to rest did not reach the level of significance (51.7 ± 10.8 vs. 53.2 ± 10.2%, p = 0.147). The extent and severity of perfusion abnormalities were higher on stress (SSS) than on rest images (SRS) (13.9 ± 8.6 vs. 8.3 ± 7.8, p < 0.001). There was no difference in global LV parameters or perfusion abnormalities in patients in group 2 between stress and rest except for a significant increase in the post-stress EF to rest value (57.9 ± 11.9 vs. 56.2 ± 10.5%, p = 0.018). Severe decrease of post-stress EF to rest was found in 12 (16%) patients indicating stunning.
In patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction and IMI with additional ischemia there is evidence of a decrease in the post-stress EF with an increase in the post-stress ESV. In addition, a significant association between the decrease of post-stress EF with the extent and severity of perfusion abnormalities was detected. Gated SPECT myocardial imaging has an important role in the evaluation of perfusion and LV function in patients with IMI especially in patients with additional ischemia.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 05/2011; 25(7):494-500. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Assessment of the first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in children has been the subject of debate for many years. Diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) is usually based on clinical and biological data. The clinical usefulness of early Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy remains controversial, although it may influence the type and duration of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the role of initial cortical scintigraphy in the detection of early renal parenchymal damage in children highly suspected of having APN and to compare the scintigraphic findings with selected clinical/laboratory parameters and ultrasonography.
A prospective study was conducted in 34 infants and young children (18 boys, 16 girls), aged 1.5-36 months (mean 9.8 ± 8.7 months), hospitalized with a first episode of clinically suspected APN. Within the first 5 days after admission, Tc-99m DMSA renal scintigraphy, ultrasonography (US), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell count (WBC) and urine analyses were performed.
DMSA scintigraphy showed changes consistent with APN in 27/34 (79%) patients, with a mean age of 10.9 months, including 12 males (44%) and 15 (56%) females. Out of 9 febrile children with negative urine culture and supportive evidence of UTI, scintigraphy showed parenchymal involvement in 8 children (24% in the whole group, 30% in scintigraphically documented APN). There were no statistically significant correlations between the frequency or size of the initial scintigraphic abnormalities and age, sex, body temperature, CRP levels or ESR. A CRP level of >54 mg/L and a WBC of >13,300/mm³ had sensitivities of 56 and 59% and specificities of 86 and 71%, respectively. US showed changes consistent with APN in 7/34 (21%) in the whole group and in 7/27 (26%) patients with positive cortical scan (p < 0.05).
Initial DMSA renal scintigraphy is a sensitive method for the early diagnosis of APN in young children and is useful in the assessment of the severity of kidney injury even in patients with negative urine culture. Clinical, biological and ultrasound parameters do not identify children with renal damage. Normal DMSA study, excluding parenchymal involvement and late sequelae, could minimize the use of scintigraphy in the follow-up and reduce the redundancy of cystography.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 11/2010; 25(1):37-43. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: (i) To examine blood perfusion and metabolic activity of various brain tumours using radionuclide cerebral angiography (RCA) and single-photon emission tomography (SPET) after a single dose of Tc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI). (ii) To examine if the inclusion of RCA can improve insight into the relative contribution of tumour perfusion to the uptake of MIBI shown by SPET, and to improve evaluation of tumour biology. (iii) To determine the value and the roles of MIBI in the management of brain tumour patients.
Fifty adult patients (38 male, 12 female) with a total of 56 intracranial space-occupying lesions have been included prospectively, 37 of which were newly diagnosed and the remaining with signs of recurrence/rest of earlier resected and irradiated brain tumours. The control group consisted of nine volunteers with no evidence of organic cerebral disease. Scintigraphic examination consisted of a dynamic first-pass study lasting 60 s (3 s/frame) and two SPET studies (60 projections each, 25 s/projection), starting 15 min and 2 h after intravenous injection of MIBI. Regions of interest of the tumour and normal brain tissue were drawn on RCA and both early and delayed SPET slices. The following tumour/brain activity ratios have been calculated: (i) tumour perfusion index (P); (ii) early uptake index (E); (iii) delayed uptake index (D); and(iv) retention index (R). Analogous indices have been calculated from the same examinations performed in controls, reflecting maximal physiologic regional variations of perfusion and uptake in brain tissue.
Mean P of various brain tumours (low-grade gliomas 0.98, anaplastic gliomas 1.14, glioblastoma multiforme 1.20, metastases 1.09, lymphomas 1.08) differ little from each other and do not exceed maximal physiologic regional variations of cerebral perfusion (1.33), with the exception of meningioma (1.87, F=2.83, P=0.015). The receiver operating characteristics curve analysis of P showed that for the cut-off value of 1.45 the sensitivity for distinguishing meningioma from other tumours is 75%, specificity 87%, positive predictive value 33% and negative predictive value 97%. Mean E of malignant brain tumours (8.3, n=31, 23 primary, eight secondary), except anaplastic gliomas (3.5, n=5), differed significantly (P=0.02) from those of benign gliomas (3, n=9) but not from that of meningioma (11.9, n=4). The cut-off value for distinguishing malignant from benign lesions on the basis of E set at 4.8 resulted in sensitivity 67%, specificity 75%, accuracy 70%, positive predictive value 80% and negative predictive value 60%. D and R showed tendency of wash-out of MIBI from meningiomas, but otherwise did not improve the results substantially.
Integrated results of RCA and SPET with Tc-MIBI indicate that blood perfusion, blood-tumour barrier permeability and metabolic activity of the tumour are all very important for the resultant uptake shown by SPET. If the perfusion index is less than 1.45, then meningioma can be ruled out. Early SPET is recommendable for distinguishing glioblastoma from low-grade gliomas, as a complement to standard magnetic resonance imaging and/or computed tomography.
Nuclear Medicine Communications 11/2010; 31(11):962-73. · 1.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI), assessment of myocardial viability and physiological significance of coronary artery stenoses are essential for appropriate guidance of revascularization. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relation between fractional flow reserve (FFR) and myocardial viability as assessed by gated SPECT MIBI perfusion scintigraphy in patients with previous MI undergoing elective PCI.
The study population consisted of 26 patients (mean age 55 ± 7 years; 21 male) with a previous MI and a significant coronary stenosis in a single infarct-related coronary vessel for which PCI was being performed. In all patients, FFR was evaluated before and immediately after PCI. SPECT imaging was done before and 3 ± 1 months after PCI. A region representing the MI was considered viable if MIBI uptake was ≥55% of the normal region. Improvement in perfusion after revascularization was considered achieved if perfusion abnormalities decreased by 5% or more and there was a decrease in segmental score of ≥1 in three segments in PCI-related vascular territory.
Extent of perfusion abnormalities decreased from 32 ± 16% to 27 ± 19% after PCI (P < .001). In patients with myocardial viability in comparison to patients with no viability, there was significant difference in FFR before PCI (.57 ± .14 vs .76 ± .12, P = .002), despite almost the same values of diameter stenosis of infarct-related artery (63 ± 8% vs 64 ± 3%, respectively, P = .572). In addition, FFR prior to PCI was related to improvement in perfusion abnormalities after revascularization (P = .047), as well as with peak activity of creatine-kinase measured during previous MI (r = .56, P = .005).
Lower values of FFR before angioplasty are associated with myocardial viability and functional improvement as assessed by SPECT perfusion scintigraphy.
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 10/2010; 17(5):817-24. · 2.85 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the diagnostic utility of gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) myocardial perfusion imaging and transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) coronary flow reserve (CFR) to coronary angiography for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB).
Forty-three patients with complete LBBB and an intermediate pretest probability for CAD underwent dipyridamole stress TTDE and gated SPECT MIBI during the same session and coronary angiography within a month. The parameters of myocardial perfusion (summed stress score, summed difference scores) regional wall function (wall motion score, wall thickening score) and ejection fraction were derived using the 17-segment model and 4D-MSPECT software. TTDE variables included peak flow velocity at rest and during hyperemia in left anterior descending artery (LAD), based on which CFR was calculated (normal>2).
Perfusion ischemic scores were significantly higher in group 1 with angiographic evidence of greater than 50% LAD stenosis compared with group 2 with less than 50% LAD stenosis (summed stress score 12.4+/-5.5 vs. 8.3+/-3.5, P<0.05, summed difference score 3.7+/-1.2 vs. 1.1+/-0.3, P<0.01, respectively). Left ventricular regional wall function and ejection fraction were not different between the two groups. CFR was significantly lower in group 1 than in group 2 (1.65+/-0.21 vs. 2.31+/-0.28, P<0.001). Gated SPECT MIBI and CFR had similar sensitivity (88 vs. 88%), specificity (80 vs. 84%), and accuracy (84 vs. 86%) for detecting CAD in patients with LBBB. The agreement between the two methods was 85%.
Our results show comparable diagnostic utility and high agreement between gated SPECT MIBI perfusion imaging and TTDE CFR assessment for detecting CAD in patients with LBBB. The advantage of gated SPECT MIBI over TTDE CFR measurements is the ability to assess the perfusion abnormalities in multiple vascular territories during the same procedure, which is convenient for detecting multi-vessel disease in patients with LBBB.
Nuclear Medicine Communications 04/2010; 31(4):334-40. · 1.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The value of gated single-photon emission computed tomography technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI) in children is not yet established probably because gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI has rarely been used in pediatric clinical and research studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perfusion abnormalities and left ventricular (LV) function by gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI in children and adolescents with severe congenital heart disease (CHD).
Seventeen children and adolescents with severe CHD (11 boys and six girls, mean age 11+/-4 years) underwent 2-day rest-stress (11 boys) or 1-day rest (six girls) gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI. Myocardial perfusion was evaluated by a 17-segment model with a 5-point score to derive the summed stress score, the summed rest score (SRS), and the summed difference score based on the 4D-MSPECT software results. The extent of myocardial perfusion abnormalities was also expressed as a percentage of the LV size. The 4D-MSPECT software was used to calculate LV end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume (ESV), and ejection fraction (EF).
Reversible myocardial perfusion defect was found in 7 of 11 children (64%) who underwent rest-stress gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI. The LV segments involved were anterior, anteroseptal, anterolateral, apical and inferior. These seven children showed significantly larger perfusion abnormalities on stress compared with rest study (18+/-5 vs. 7+/-4%, P<0.01) and higher summed stress score compared to SRS (11+/-4 vs. 4+/-2, P<0.01). Children and adolescents with myocardial ischemia had significantly lower poststress EF than rest EF (53+/-12 vs. 59+/-11%, P<0.05) and significantly higher poststress ESV than rest ESV (81+/-24 vs. 61+/-25 ml, P<0.05). In six children evaluated only at rest, perfusion defects involved anterior, anteroseptal and apical, or inferolateral segments, accounting for 31+/-12% of LV and with SRS of 12+/-5. Their global LV parameters were: end-diastolic volume 118+/-23 ml, ESV 56+/-16 ml, EF 51+/-10%.
Poststress and rest-gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI results indicate that children and adolescents with severe CHD show a range of abnormalities in myocardial perfusion and LV function, which is useful for determining functional importance of morphological malformations. Thus, gated SPECT (99m)Tc-MIBI provides complementary information that may guide clinical decision making in children and adolescents with severe CHD.
Nuclear Medicine Communications 01/2010; 31(1):12-21. · 1.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to assess clinical utility of 99mTc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC scintigraphy for evaluation of lung lesions in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the thorax and whole body scintigraphy were performed in 34 patients using 99mTc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC. Visual assessment was complemented by semiquantitative evaluation based on tumor to non-tumor (T/NT) ratio. Clinical, laboratory, and histological findings served as the standard for comparison. Enhanced tracer uptake was observed on both SPECT and whole body scintigraphy in 29 of 34 patients (88% sensitivity). T/NT ratios were significantly higher on SPECT than whole body images (2.96+/-1.07 vs.1.70+/-0.43, p Keywords: 99mTc-EDDA/Hynic-TOC, lung involvement of NETs, T/NT ratio.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Optimal treatment for chronic total occlusion (CTO) in the infarct-related coronary artery is not clear. Our aim was to assess myocardial perfusion, left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), and left ventricular size using gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging with 99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile in patients with CTO before and 1 year after recanalization.
Thirty patients with earlier myocardial infarction and at least one CTO underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as well as nitrate-enhanced gated SPECT myocardial perfusion and dobutamine stress echocardiography before and 11 +/- 1 months after recanalization. They were divided into three groups based on the outcome of the follow-up angiography: (i) successful recanalization with no evidence of in-stent restenosis (n=13); (ii) successful recanalization with in-stent restenosis (n=7) and (iii) unsuccessful recanalization (n=10).
Overall success of recanalization for CTO was 74%. In group 1, myocardial viability was preserved in 11 of 13 (85%) patients at baseline. Gated SPECT at 1 year showed a significant decrease in perfusion abnormalities (29 +/- 12 to 23 +/- 14%, P < 0.05) and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV) (168 +/- 47 to 151 +/- 47 ml, P < 0.05). Improvement in EF (51 +/- 11 to 54 +/- 13%, P > 0.05) and reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume (ESV) (84 +/- 37 to 77 +/- 40 ml, P > 0.05) did not reach the level of significance. Myocardial viability was preserved in only two of seven patients (28%) in group 2. Neither mean perfusion abnormalities (37 +/- 24 to 35 +/- 22%, P > 0.05) nor global left ventricular parameters (EF 41 +/- 15 vs. 42 +/- 19%, EDV 298 +/- 33 vs. 299 +/- 57 mL, ESV 197 +/- 12 vs. 195 +/- 32 ml; P > 0.05) changed at the follow-up. In group 3, myocardial viability was preserved in seven of 10 patients (70%) at baseline, but no significant changes in perfusion (40 +/- 18 vs. 41 +/- 19%, P > 0.05) and left ventricular function (EF 42 +/- 17 vs. 44 +/- 14%, EDV 228 +/- 101 vs. 227 +/- 81 ml, ESV 143 +/- 87 vs. 146 +/- 8 ml; P > 0.05) were seen at the follow-up.
Myocardial perfusion and EDV may significantly improve 1 year after PCI provided recanalization of CTO was successful. Our preliminary findings suggest that successful recanalization of CTO may have favorable outcome on left ventricular perfusion and function, particularly in patients with viable myocardium before PCI. The gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging with 99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile may be useful for monitoring long-term functional outcome of PCI in patients with CTO.
Nuclear Medicine Communications 02/2009; 30(1):68-75. · 1.38 Impact Factor