V Obradović

Klinički centar Srbije, Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia

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Publications (100)105.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the study were to use the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) software package for the analysis of scintigraphic renal dynamic studies to obtain values of curve parameters and excretory parameters in children with hydronephrosis and to validate the reliability of these numerical outputs by comparing with values established by consensus reports.
    Clinical nuclear medicine. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: The aim was to investigate somatostatin receptor (sstr) expression in normal prostate by determining the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) patients, without NET involvement of the prostate gland, for establishing the reference standard. Methods: Sixty-four NET patients underwent (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT. SUVmax of the prostate gland, normal liver, testes, and gluteus muscles were evaluated. The prostate gland size was measured. Statistical analysis was performed using dedicated software (SPSS13). Results: Mean/median (68)Ga-DOTATOC SUVmax values were as follows: normal prostate 2.6±0.0, slightly enlarged prostate 4.2±1.6, prostatic hypertrophy 4.9±1.6, prostatic hyperplasia 5.0±1.5, prostate cancer 9.5±2.1, normal liver 7.3±1.8, testes 1.8±0.5, and gluteus 1.0±0.2. The normal prostate gland had three times less sstr expression than normal liver tissue. Strong correlation was found between patient age and sstr expression in prostate/prostate size. No significant difference existed in sstr expression between prostatic hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Much higher sstr expression was found in prostatic cancer compared with normal prostate. Conclusion: (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT defines the baseline sstr uptake in prostate not affected by NET (significantly lower than in the liver). Higher values were established in prostatic hyperplasia and hypertrophy. Only concomitant prostate cancer was associated with higher SUVmax in comparison with non-neoplastic liver.
    Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 01/2014; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    Dragana Sobic-Saranovic, Vera Artiko, Vladimir Obradovic
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this review is to highlight the clinical utility of FDG-PET/CT for evaluation of patients with chronic sarcoidosis. The emphasis was on the potential advantages and disadvantages of this technique in these patients based on which recommendations were made. The advantage of FDG-PET/CT technique is that it can visualize FDG accumulation in activated inflammatory cells and simultaneously provide PET and CT images. Of particular interest is the use of FDG-PET/CT for the staging and identification of occult sites and sites suitable for biopsy and for the assessment of inflammatory active sarcoidosis in patients with prolonged symptoms, especially when other markers of the disease are within normal values. FDG-PET/CT also provides a better visualization of extrathoracic sites of active sarcoidosis, such as in the bones, liver, spleen, and retroperitoneal lymph nodes. The use of FDG-PET/CT is of special interest in cardiac sarcoidosis because this potentially life-threatening disease is sometimes present in asymptomatic patients. FDG-PET/CT also has a role in the clinical management of patients with chronic persistent sarcoidosis, such as for planning treatment, monitoring response, and long-term follow-up. The limitations of FDG-PET/CT in patients with sarcoidosis are discussed in the context of a "sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome" and potentially excessive radiation exposure. Further prospective multicentre studies are needed to refine the clinical applications of FDG-PET/CT in patients with sarcoidosis and drive the field forward.
    Seminars in nuclear medicine 11/2013; 43(6):404-411. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to compare perfusion and functional parameters between early (ES) and standard (SS) post-stress gated SPECT MIBI, to validate ES against coronary angiography, and to determine whether ES parameters can predict future cardiac events. The sample included 63 patients with normal or mildly impaired left ventricular function and intermediate Duke Treadmill Score. They underwent a 2-day stress-rest gated SPECT MIBI with the post-stress data acquired at 15 minutes (ES) and 60 minutes (SS) after i.v. injection of 740 MBq of Tc-MIBI. The ES findings were compared to SS and against coronary angiography to determine their sensitivity/specificity for detecting >70% stenosis. The information about new-onset cardiac events was collected 26 ± 6 months later. Perfusion parameters did not significantly differ between ES and SS. Ejection fraction was significantly lower and regional wall motion abnormalities were significantly higher on ES than SS. The corresponding perfusion and functional parameters were strongly related (linear regression slope 0.65-1.00, intercept -0.36-8.5, R 0.98-0.75). ES parameters had high sensitivity (96%) and specificity (83%) for detecting >70% stenosis. Lower early stress than rest EF (>5%), higher early stress than rest EDV, and early SSS >8 emerged as significant predictors of new-onset cardiac events. Early post-stress gated SPECT MIBI yields comparable perfusion and functional parameters as the standard post-stress protocol. ES parameters are useful for detecting the existing coronary disease and for predicting future cardiac events. ES protocol is recommended for improving patient compliance and efficiency of nuclear cardiology services.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 10/2013; 38(10):784-789. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare baseline to follow-up F-FDG PET/CT findings after treatment for active chronic sarcoidosis and to correlate changes on F-FDG PET/CT with changes in clinical status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample included 66 patients with chronic sarcoidosis and evidence of active inflammation on baseline F-FDG PET/CT for which they received therapy. Of these 66 patients, 30 returned for the follow-up F-FDG PET/CT after 12 (5) months to evaluate response to treatment. They were also asked to indicate changes in clinical status. Baseline characteristics of patients who did and did not return for the follow-up were compared to assess selection bias. RESULTS: SUVmax was significantly decreased at the follow-up compared with baseline F-FDG PET/CT (8.46 [3.52] vs 4.90 [0.96]; P = 0.006), primarily in the mediastinum. Inflammatory activity appeared absent in 9 patients, decreased in 12 patients, and increased in 9 patients, with the corresponding changes in SUVmax of -80%, -41%, and +54%, respectively. The changes on F-FDG PET/CT were in agreement with self-perceived changes in clinical symptoms (P = 0.019). The angiotensin-converting enzyme at the follow-up was not significantly different from baseline (49.80 [19.25] vs 46.35 [25.58], P = 0.522). There was no difference in baseline characteristics of patients who did and did not return for the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: F-FDG PET/CT is able to detect clinically meaningful changes in magnitude and extent of inflammatory activity in patients receiving treatment for active chronic sarcoidosis. Thus, F-FDG PET/CT is a valuable adjunct to clinical evaluation for monitoring the response to treatment in these patients.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 03/2013; · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies for the detection of metastases and recurrences of rectal carcinomas. Methodology: A total of 65 patients underwent immunoscintigraphy with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies. Indication for that examination was suspicious rectal cancer or suspicious rectal cancer recurrence and/or metastases. Results: The method proved to have 92.7% sensitivity, specificity 83.3%, positive predictive value 90.5%, negative predictive value 87.0% and accuracy 89.2%. There was a statistically significant relationship between immunoscintigraphy findings and rectoscopy findings (rs=0.415, p=0.013), as well as significant relationship between immunoscintigraphy findings and US findings (rs=0.332, p=0.001). Tumor marker levels were in positive correlation with findings of immunoscintigraphy (rs=0.845, p=0.001), especially raised CEA level (rs=0.816, p=0.004). Patients with higher CA19-9 level had higher Duke's stage (p=0.025). Conclusions: We can conclude that immunoscintigraphy can be helpful in the detection of metastases and recurrences of colon carcinomas.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2013; 60(126). · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients in chronic phase of myocardial infarction (MI) have decreased coronary flow reserve (CFR) in infarct related artery (IRA) that is proportional to the extent of microvascular/myocardial damage. We proposed a novel model for the assessment of microvascular damage and infarct size using Doppler echocardiography evaluation of CFRs of the IRA (LAD) and reference artery (RCA). METHODS: Our study included 34 consecutive patients (28 men, mean age 50±11years) with first anterior STEMI and single vessel disease successfully treated with primary PCI. All patients underwent SPECT MPI for the assessment of infarct size (expressed as a percentage of myocardium with fixed perfusion abnormalities) and CFR evaluation of LAD and RCA. CFR derived percentage of microvascular damage (CFR PMD) was calculated as: CFR PMD=(CFR RCA-CFR LAD)/(CFR RCA-1)×100 (%). RESULTS: CFR PMD correlated significantly with all parameters evaluating the severity of myocardial damage including: peak CK activity (r=0.632, p<0.001), WMSI (r=0.857, p<0.001), ejection fraction (r=-0.820, p<0.001), left ventricular end diastolic (r=0.757, p<0.001) and end systolic volume (r=0.794, p<0.001). Most importantly, CFR PMD (22±17%) correlated significantly with infarct size by SPECT MPI (21±17%) (r=0.874, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CFR PMD derived from the proposed model was significantly related to echocardiographic and enzymatic parameters of infarct size, as well as to myocardial damage assessed by SPECT MPI in patients with successfully reperfused first anterior STEMI.
    International journal of cardiology 10/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the immunoscintigraphy with iodinated monoclonal antibodies for the detection of metastases and recurrences of colon carcinomas. Methods: A total of 45 patients with colon carcinoma was investigated with gamma camera, after intravenous application of iodinated monoclonal antibodies. Results: The sensitivity of the method was 90%, specificity 86%, positive predictive value 93%, negative predictive value 80% and accuracy 87%. There was statistically significant relationship between immunoscintigraphic and ultrasonographic (US) findings (p=0.005). Also, there was significant relationship between immunoscintigraphy and Dukes stage (p=0.019). Tumor marker levels were not significantly correlated with immunoscintigraphic findings (p<0.05). Significant difference was noted in patients with positive findings for malignancy on US and immunoscintigraphic findings (p=0.006), i.e. patients with positive findings for malignancy had more frequently immunoscintigraphic findings of malignancy. Correlation with other diagnostic procedures (rectoscopy, colonoscopy, CT) did not show significant correlations. Conclusion: We conclude that immunoscintigraphy can be helpful in the detection of metastases and recurrences of colon carcinomas.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 10/2012; 17(4):695-699. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for detection of inflammation in granulomatous sites and management of patients with chronic sarcoidosis. The 3 specific aims were to assess differences between (18)F-FDG PET/CT and multidetector CT (MDCT) findings, to compare (18)F-FDG PET/CT results with serum levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and to determine whether (18)F-FDG PET/CT findings are associated with the decision to change therapy. We studied 90 sarcoidosis patients (mean age ± SD, 47 ± 12 y; 32 men and 58 women) with persistent symptoms who were referred for (18)F-FDG PET/CT evaluation to assess the extent of inflammation. They also underwent MDCT and measurement of serum ACE level. After the follow-up (12 ± 5 mo after (18)F-FDG PET/CT), the clinical status and changes in therapy were analyzed. (18)F-FDG PET/CT detected inflammation in 74 patients (82%) (maximum standardized uptake value, 8.1 ± 3.9). MDCT was positive for sarcoidosis in 6 additional patients (80, 89%). The difference between the 2 methods was not significant (P = 0.238, McNemar test), and their agreement was fair (κ = 0.198). Although ACE levels were significantly higher in patients with positive than negative (18)F-FDG PET/CT results (P = 0.002, Mann-Whitney test), 38 patients (51%) with positive (18)F-FDG PET/CT results had normal ACE levels. The therapy was initiated or changed in 73 out of 90 patients (81%). Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that positive (18)F-FDG PET/CT results were significantly (P < 0.001) associated with changes in therapy, with no contribution from age, sex, ACE level, CT results, or previous therapy. Our results indicate that (18)F-FDG PET/CT is a useful adjunct to other diagnostic methods for detecting active inflammatory sites in chronic sarcoidosis patients with persistent symptoms, especially those with normal ACE levels. (18)F-FDG PET/CT proved advantageous for determining the spread of active disease throughout the body and influenced the decision to adjust the therapy.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 08/2012; 53(10):1543-9. · 5.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim is to compare the radionuclide (DC) and ultrasonographic (US) method in the assessment of gallbladder (GB) motility. The study was performed in 15 controls (C), 10 patients with acute cholecystitis (AC), 20 patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC), 26 patients with chronic cholecystitis with calculosis (CCC) as well as in 15 patients with GB dyskinesia (D). GB emptying period (EP), ejection fraction (EF) and ejection rate (ER) were estimated with dynamic cholescintigraphy (DC) and US. The DC and US finding in the patients with AC was typical in all the patients, i.e. GB was not visualized at all on DC, while on US, stone was visible in the cystic duct. There were significant differences (p<0.05) between the EF and ER values obtained between C and the three groups of patients CAC, CCC and D, using both methods. However, there were no significant differences in EF, EP and ER values among CAC, CCC and D (p>0.05). There was also high correlation between the results obtained with both methods in all the groups of patients studied. The results obtained by both methods are valuable for the assessment of GB motility. Although there are no significant differences and there is a high correlation between the values, radionuclide method is more precise, because it can register motility continuously.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2012; 59(113):13-6. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to assess diagnostic accuracy of Tc-99m depreotide and Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC scintigraphy for evaluation of pulmonary lesions that appeared ambiguous on computed tomography (CT). Forty-nine consecutive patients (37 men and 12 women; mean age, 60 ± 11 years) with 60 pulmonary lesions on chest radiography and CT were referred for nuclear imaging. They were prospectively allocated to undergo whole-body scintigraphy (WBS) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using either Tc-99m depreotide (26 patients, group 1) or Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC imaging (23 patients, group 2). Histologic findings after tissue biopsy served as a gold standard for determining diagnostic accuracy of the 2 somatostatin analogs. Visual assessment was complemented by semiquantitative analysis based on target to background ratio. Among the 32 pulmonary lesions scanned with Tc-99m depreotide, focal uptake was increased in 22 of 25 malignancies, whereas no uptake was found in 6 of 7 benign lesions (88% sensitivity, 85% specificity, and 88% accuracy) on both WBS and SPECT. Imaging of 28 pulmonary lesions with Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC had a similar diagnostic yield (sensitivity 87%, specificity 84%, and accuracy 86%). Overall, target to background ratios were higher on SPECT than WBS but not significantly different between groups 1 and 2 (SPECT 2.72 ± 0.70 vs. 2.71 ± 0.50, WBS 1.61 ± 0.32 vs. 1.62 ± 0.28, respectively). This study demonstrates that Tc-99m depreotide and Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC have similar diagnostic value for characterizing pulmonary lesions that appear ambiguous on CT.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 01/2012; 37(1):14-20. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal metastases from invasive lobular breast cancer are uncommon with the stomach and small intestines being the most common metastatic sites. Peritoneal and rectal metastases are very rare and only rarely occur as the first manifestation of disease. We herein report the case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with abdominal carcinomatosis as a first sign of invasive lobular breast carcinoma (ILC). Identifying the most important immunohistochemical markers for ILC: gross cystic disease fluid protein 15, estrogen and progesterone receptors enabled a correct diagnosis. After a six year disease-free period, relapse occurred with severe obstruction due to rectal metastasis from lobular breast carcinoma. Since there was no widespread metastatic disease, surgery with concomitant hormonal therapy was performed.
    Journal of breast cancer. 09/2011; 14(3):247-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Several techniques have been applied for the assessment of severe congenital heart diseases (SCHD) including echocardiography, cardiac catheterization with angiocardiography, and more recently, cardiovascular multi detector tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The value of gated single photon emission tomography (GSPET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) for evaluating myocardial ischemia, tissue viability, and left ventricular function in SCHD is less apparent. The risk of radiation exposure is greatest in the youngest patients. Both, GSPET MPI and RNV seem to be underutilized in pediatric clinical practice due to increased radiation exposure. We have reviewed basic and specific technical and diagnostic aspects, as well as specific clinical indications of GSPET MPI and RNV in children with SCHD in comparison with other cardiology methods. Some of our own tests are also presented where they apply. In conclusion, GSPET MPI and RNV can provide clinical relevant information of functional significance of SCHD in pediatric patients especially when the other cardiology methods are indeterminate. With regard to radiation exposure appropriate patient selection and recommendations for reduction of radiation exposure are of great importance.
    Hellenic journal of nuclear medicine 09/2011; 14(3):284-90. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the role of detection of late mesh infection following incisional hernia repair with radiolabeled antigranulocyte antibodies. Mesh infection diagnoses were set up with clinical examination and laboratory analysis and confirmed by ultrasonography (US), computerized tomography (CT), scintigraphy with 99mTc-antigranulocyte antibodies and microbiological examination. Of the 17 patients investigated, 6 had a late mesh infection, and 11 had both mesh infection and recurrent incisional hernia. Clear clinical signs of late mesh infection were present in 13 patients. Four remaining patients had non-specific discomfort and recurrent incisional hernia without clinical manifestation of mesh infection ('silent infection'). US was positive in 12/17 patients, CT in 13/17 patients, while scintigraphy with antigranulocyte antibodies in 17/17 patients. Therefore, sensitivity of US was 71%, of CT 76% and of scintigraphy 100%. In four patients late mesh infection was confirmed exclusively by 99mTc-antigranulocyte antibody scintigraphy, while US and CT did not indicate the infection. According to the present results, scintigraphy with 99mTc antigranulocyte antibodies is a useful method for the detection of 'silent' abdominal wall infections after surgery, which is very important for prompt and appropriate therapy.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 07/2011; 58(110-111):1455-60. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the clinical role of monoclonal immunoscintigraphy for the detection of metastasis and recurrence of colorectal cancer. Monoclonal immunoscintigraphy was performed in patients operated on for colorectal adenocarcinoma suspected of local recurrence and metastatic disease. The results were compared with conventional diagnostics. Immunoscintigraphic investigation was done in 53 patients. Tumor recurrence occurred in 38 patients, and was confirmed by other diagnostic modalities in 35. In 15 patients, immunoscintigraphic findings were negative, and confirmed in 14 with other diagnostic methods. Comparative analysis confirmed good correlation of immunoscintigraphic findings and the results of conventional diagnostics and the level of tumor marker carcinoembryonic antigen. Statistical analysis of parameters of radiopharmaceutical groups imacis, indimacis and oncoscint presented homogenous characteristics all of three radiopharmaceuticals. The analysis of immunoscintigraphic target focus was clearly improved using tomography. Immunoscintigraphy is highly specific and has a good predictive value in local recurrence of colorectal cancer.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2011; 17(19):2424-30. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gated single photon emission computed tomography (gated SPECT) myocardial imaging gives useful information about the extent and severity of perfusion abnormalities (PA) and global left ventricular (LV) function in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate by gated SPECT myocardial imaging differences in perfusion scores and LV function between stress and rest in patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction and/or normal function and previous inferior myocardial infarction (IMI) and to detect myocardial stunning. The study included 77 patients (age 53 ± 8.21) with mild left ventricular dysfunction and previous IMI divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 34 patients with IMI and additional ischemia on perfusion scan and group 2 with 43 patients with previous IMI without ischemia on perfusion scan. All patients underwent a 2-day stress-rest gated SPECT myocardial imaging protocol with 99m technetium-methoxyisobutylisonitrile ((99m)Tc-MIBI). There was a more significant post-stress to rest decrease in ejection fraction (EFps) in patients with IMI and additional ischemia (group 1) than in patients with IMI (group 2) (-1.5 ± 2.5 vs. 1.5 ± 2.3, p < 0.001). In group 1, there was a significant increase in post-stress end-systolic volume (ESVps) in comparison to ESVr (70.4 ± 29.8 vs. 66.2 ± 26.2 ml, p = 0.044). However, the decrease in EF post-stress to rest did not reach the level of significance (51.7 ± 10.8 vs. 53.2 ± 10.2%, p = 0.147). The extent and severity of perfusion abnormalities were higher on stress (SSS) than on rest images (SRS) (13.9 ± 8.6 vs. 8.3 ± 7.8, p < 0.001). There was no difference in global LV parameters or perfusion abnormalities in patients in group 2 between stress and rest except for a significant increase in the post-stress EF to rest value (57.9 ± 11.9 vs. 56.2 ± 10.5%, p = 0.018). Severe decrease of post-stress EF to rest was found in 12 (16%) patients indicating stunning. In patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction and IMI with additional ischemia there is evidence of a decrease in the post-stress EF with an increase in the post-stress ESV. In addition, a significant association between the decrease of post-stress EF with the extent and severity of perfusion abnormalities was detected. Gated SPECT myocardial imaging has an important role in the evaluation of perfusion and LV function in patients with IMI especially in patients with additional ischemia.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 05/2011; 25(7):494-500. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was the detection of helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and estimation of the clinical validity and the accuracy of the 14C-urea breath test in the groups of patients studied. A total of 248 patients with gastric diseases were examined. There were 38 patients with gastric ulcer, 41 with duodenal ulcer, 43 with gastroduodenitis erosiva, 26 with hiatus hernia, 36 with gastric carcinoma and 64 patients with gastritis. There were 103 true positive (TP), 139 true negative (TN), 4 false negative (FN) and 2 false positive (FP) patients. There was no significant difference in the incidence of the HP infection between the groups of patients studied (p > 0.05). Sensitivity of the method was 96.3%, specificity 98.6%, positive predictive value 98.1%, negative predictive value 97.2% and accuracy 97.6%. Our results point out that the method is very accurate for the detection of HP infection.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2011; 58(1):95-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to present preliminary experience with FDG PET/CT in pediatric oncology patients in National PET Center, Clinical Center of Serbia and to asses its impact on management of malignancies in children. 33 FDG PET/CT scans were performed on 30 pediatric patients. PET/CT imaging was performed for staging the disease, assessing therapy efficacy and diagnosing recurrent or metastatic disease. FDG PET/CT changed the stage of the disease in 60.6% (20/33) of the cases. 14 patients were down-staged after PET/CT, mostly patients with Hodgkin's disease, were in 7/10 cases PET/CT showed no activity in residual masses. Six scans led to upstage of the disease. In three cases PET/CT did not change the stage of disease, but has showed new distant metastases. In conclusion, FDG PET/CT showed important role in managing pediatric patients with different malignancies and was useful complementary diagnostic tool to conventional imaging methods.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2011; 58(4):67-73.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to try to diagnose malignant liver lesions and hemangiomas by means of vascularisation and perfusion studies. The study was performed in 32 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in 74 with metastatic liver carcinoma (MLC) and in 40 with hemangiomas (H). Color Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) was done with an ATL Ultramark 9 apparatus with convex probe 2.5 MHz using pulse and DUS. Hepatic radionuclide angiography (HRA) was performed with bolus injection of 740 MBq (99m)Tc-pertechnetate, (1 min, 1 f/s), using ROTA scintillation camera and MicroDelta computer. Hepatic perfusion index (HPI) indicated the percentage of the portal blood inflow to the liver. Our results showed that in HCC and MLC there was a decrease of portal inflow while arterial inflow was increased resulting in pulse arterial wave velocity increase and in continuous venous waves velocity in the tumors. There was significant linear correlation between the increase of the arterial inflow and the arterial pulse wave found in the center and in the margin of the tumors. In hemangiomas, hepatic perfusion index related to arterial inflow was within normal range. In conclusion, our results suggest that HCC and MLC have specific characteristics in vascular and/or perfusion studies while hemangiomas show normal liver parenchyma findings.
    Hellenic journal of nuclear medicine 01/2011; 14(1):38-42. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is evaluation of the possible role of the scintigraphic estimation of the relative liver perfusion in diagnosis and the choice of treatment of liver carcinomas. Hepatic perfusion index was obtained by dynamic scintigraphy in 126 patients. In the control group values did not differ from the value in the patients with benign tumors (p > 0.05). However, in hepatocellular carcinoma and liver metastases of different tumors, HPI values were significantly decreased in comparison to controls and benign tumors (p < 0.01), but they didn't differ between themselves (p > 0.05). The values were especially low in the patients with malignant diseases in the liver accosciated with vascular disturbances in the portal system. HRA could be easily done during the different conventional nuclear medicine methods. It can be an useful method for the assessment of different degrees of hemodynamic alterations in portal system, for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant liver tumors, as well as for assessment of the liver tissue and tumor perfusion, which might be helpful in the decision making for the undertaking of intraarterial (radionuclide, chemotherapy etc.) therapy.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2011; 58(1):33-8.

Publication Stats

253 Citations
105.45 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998–2013
    • Klinički centar Srbije
      • Clinical Center of Serbia
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia
  • 1993–2012
    • University of Belgrade
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Institute of Nuclear Medicine
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia
  • 2011
    • University Children's Hospital, Belgrade, Serbia
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia