Xiao-Lei Shi

Nanjing University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (30)52.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the synergistic effect of IL-1Ra administration and stem cell transplantation in swine suffering from acute liver failure (ALF), to elucidate the mechanism of IL-1Ra activity and to demonstrate mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation as a potential treatment for ALF. Thirty-five Chinese experimental mini-swine were divided into five groups randomly. Group A (n = 7) is the control group and all swine were injected with saline via portal veins. Group B (n = 7) received IL-1Ra via ear veins 6 h before receiving saline. Group C (n = 7) received MSC transplantation and all swine were injected with 8 × 10(7) MSCs via portal veins. Group D (n = 7) swine were treated with a combination of IL-1Ra and MSC transplantation E (n = 7) also received a combined treatment of both IL-1Ra and bone marrow (BM-MSC) transplantation, except that the IL-1Ra was in the form of chitosan nanoparticles. Liver function, level of cytokines and liver pathological changes were measured in the following 4 weeks. IL-1Ra chitosan nanoparticles exhibited controlled-release ability in PBS. Swine in Group E showed a significant improvement in inflammation environment, liver function and hepatocyte proliferation. Levels of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in Group E were elevated compared to other groups. IL-1Ra chitosan nanoparticles showed significant liver targeting ability and controlled-release characteristics. Combined therapy with IL-1Ra chitosan nanoparticles and MCS transplantation exhibits great synergistic effects through paracrine function and suppression of inflammation.
    Archives of medical research 07/2013; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether a combination therapy using allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) chitosan nanoparticles is more robust than MSC transplantation alone for treating acute liver failure and to investigate the mechanisms of the improved therapeutic effect using a swine model system. IL-1Ra-loaded nanoparticles were made of lactosylated chitosan-FITC using the electrostatic spray method and analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The active live targeting of these nanopaticles were investigated by fluorescence microscope and flow cytometer(FCM). The combined therapy was given and the Detailed Steps as follows: Chinese experimental mini swine were given D-galactosamine to build models of acute liver failure. Thirty-four pigs were randomly divided into five groups. In the control group(A),the normal saline was injected into liver via portal veins after 24 h; in IL-1Ra group(B), IL-1Ra was injected via ear veins 6 h before normal saline; In the MSCs transplantation group (C), 8 * 107 MSCs were injected into liver via portal veins after 24 h; IL-1Ra together with MSCs transplantation group(D) and nanopaticles group(E) as follows: on the one hand, 8 * 107 MSCs were injected into liver via portal veins after 24 h, on the other hand, rhIL-1Ra in group C or IL-1Ra chitosan nanopaticles in group D was injected via ear veins respectively at 6 h before. Liver function, serum inflammation and pathological changes were measured. The fate of MSCs was also observed. The profiles in vitro shown that there was a steady-state release after a fast linear release; The live targeting of the lactosylated chitosan-based nanoparticles was achieved by ligand-receptor specificity; The biochemical assay, the serum inflammation lever and pathological changes of the nanopaticles group were all greatly different from the other groups, the hepatocytes grow rate was significantly improved after 1 week; The liver engraftment was very low in group C and D with significantly higher numbers found in nanopaticles group, but the differentiation of MSCs after 2 weeks relatively rare; western blot showed that there was more HGF and VEGF secreted in nanopaticles group. IL-lRa-loaded lactosylated chitosan-based nanopaticles have significant liver targeting abilities and slow release characteristics in PBS solution. The combined therapy showed great synergistic effects through suppression of liver inflammation and paracrine.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 04/2013; 21(4):308-14.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the efficacy of marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation combined with interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) for acute liver failure (ALF). Chinese experimental miniature swine were randomly divided into four groups (n = 7), and all animals were given D-galactosamine (D-gal) to induce ALF. Group A animals were then injected with 40 mL saline via the portal vein 24 h after D-gal induction; Group B animals were injected with 2 mg/kg IL-1Ra via the ear vein 18 h, 2 d and 4 d after D-gal induction; Group C received approximately 1 × 10(8) green fluorescence protein (GFP)-labeled MSCs (GFP-MSCs) suspended in 40 mL normal saline via the portal vein 24 h after D-gal induction; Group D animals were injected with 2 mg/kg IL-1Ra via the ear vein 18 h after D-gal induction, MSCs transplantation was then carried out at 24 h after D-gal induction, and finally 2 mg/kg IL-1Ra was injected via the ear vein 1 d and 3 d after surgery as before. Liver function, serum inflammatory parameters and pathological changes were measured and the fate of MSCs was determined. The optimal efficiency of transfection (97%) was achieved at an multiplicity of infection of 80, as observed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry (FCM). Over 90% of GFP-MSCs were identified as CD44+ CD90+ CD45- MSCs by FCM, which indicated that most GFP-MSCs retained MSCs characteristics. Biochemical assays, the levels of serum inflammatory parameters and histological results in Group D all showed a significant improvement in liver injury compared with the other groups (P < 0.05). The number of GFP-MSCs in Group D was also greater than that in Group B, and the long-term cell proliferation rate was also better in Group D than in the other groups. MSCs transplantation is useful in ALF, IL-1Ra plays an important role in alleviating the inflammatory condition, and combination therapy with MSCs transplantation and IL-1Ra is a promising treatment for ALF.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2013; 19(12):1984-91. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are particularly attractive in future clinical applications of stem cell-based therapy for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). This study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic potential of ADSCs on ACLF. ADSCs isolated from porcine fat tissue were expanded and labeled with BrdU. Rabbit models of ACLF were created by administration of D-Gal following CCl4-induced cirrhosis. One day after administration of D-Gal, rabbits of the ACLF/ADSCs group (n=15) were received ADSCs transplantation, while those in the ACLF/saline group (n=15) were treated with the same volume of saline. Biochemical parameters and histomorphological scoring were evaluated; the distribution and characteristics of transplanted ADSCs as well as the pathology of the liver were examined. ADSCs transplantation improved the survival rate and the liver function of rabbits with ACLF. Biochemical parameters of the ACLF/ADSCs group were improved compared with those of the ACLF/saline group, and histomorphological scoring of the ACLF/ADSCs group was significantly lower than that of the ACLF/saline group. ADSCs were identified in the periportal region of the liver after cell transplantation. Xenogenic ADSCs have therapeutic efficacy in the ACLF rabbit model.
    Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT 02/2013; 12(1):60-7. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 59-year-old man underwent liver radiofrequency ablation under laparotomy for recurrent hepatic carcinoma located in the caudate lobe, however, near-fatal bleeding occurred 1 wk after the operation. The intra-operative ultrasound study during laparotomy revealed left hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. Suture and packing with ribbon gauze was used to obtain hemostasis. A secondary hemorrhage followed 11 h later and hepatic angiography was performed immediately. Bleeding from the pseudoaneurysm in a branch of the left hepatic artery was found and the artery branch was embolized with coils. Other than slight bile leakage, post-embolization continued satisfactorily. Bleeding did not reoccur. The follow up visit 1 mo later found the pseudoaneurysm disappearing and no tumor recurrence.
    World journal of hepatology. 12/2012; 4(12):419-21.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a hybrid bioartificial liver (HBAL) system in the treatment of acute liver failure. Canine models with acute liver failure were introduced with intravenous administration of D-galactosamine. The animals were divided into: the HBAL treatment group (n = 8), in which the canines received a 3-h treatment of HBAL; the bioartificial liver (BAL) treatment group (n = 8), in which the canines received a 3-h treatment of BAL; the non-bioartificial liver (NBAL) treatment group (n = 8), in which the canines received a 3-h treatment of NBAL; the control group (n = 8), in which the canines received no additional treatment. Biochemical parameters and survival time were determined. Levels of xenoantibodies, RNA of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) and reverse transcriptase (RT) activity in the plasma were detected. Biochemical parameters were significantly decreased in all treatment groups. The TBIL level in the HBAL group was lower than that in other groups (2.19 ± 0.55 μmol/L vs 24.2 ± 6.45 μmol/L, 12.47 ± 3.62 μmol/L, 3.77 ± 1.83 μmol/L, P < 0.05). The prothrombin time (PT) in the BAL and HBAL groups was significantly shorter than the NBAL and control groups (18.47 ± 4.41 s, 15.5 ± 1.56 s vs 28.67 ± 5.71 s, 21.71 ± 3.4 s, P < 0.05), and the PT in the HBAL group was shortest of all the groups. The albumin in the BAL and HBAL groups significantly increased and a significantly higher level was observed in the HBAL group compared with the BAL group (27.7 ± 1.7 g/L vs 25.24 ± 1.93 g/L). In the HBAL group, the ammonia levels significantly decreased from 54.37 ± 6.86 to 37.75 ± 6.09 after treatment (P < 0.05); there were significant difference in ammonia levels between other the groups (P < 0.05). The levels of antibodies were similar before and after treatment. The PERV RNA and the RT activity in the canine plasma were all negative. The HBAL showed great efficiency and safety in the treatment of acute liver failure.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2012; 18(28):3752-60. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our institute has developed a novel bio-artificial liver (BAL) support system, based on a multi-layer radial-flow bioreactor carrying porcine hepatocytes and mesenchymal stem cells. It has been shown that porcine hepatocytes are capable of carrying infectious porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) into human cells, thus the microbiological safety of any such system must be confirmed before clinical trials can be performed. In this study, we focused on assessing the status of PERV infection in beagles treated with the novel BAL. Five normal beagles were treated with the novel BAL for 6 hours. The study was conducted for 6 months, during which plasma was collected from the BAL and whole blood from the beagles at regular intervals. DNA and RNA in both the collected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma samples were extracted for conventional PCR and reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR with PERV-specific primers and the porcine-specific primer Sus scrofa cytochrome B. Meanwhile, the RT activity and the in vitro infectivity of the plasma were measured. Positive PERV RNA and RT activity were detected only in the plasma samples taken from the third circuit of the BAL system. All other samples including PBMCs and other plasma samples were negative for PERV RNA, PERV DNA, and RT activity. In the in vitro infection experiment, no infection was found in HEK293 cells treated with plasma. No infective PERV was detected in the experimental animals, thus the novel BAL had a reliable microbiological safety profile.
    European journal of medical research. 05/2012; 17:13.
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    ABSTRACT: to investigate the factors influencing the transfer of porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) across the membrane in a new bioartificial liver (BAL). A new BAL containing 2 circuits was constructed using plasma component separators with membrane pore sizes of 10 nm, 20 nm, 30 nm, and 35 nm, or a plasma filter with a membrane pore size of 500 nm. Cocultured cells of porcine hepatocytes and mesenchymal stem cells or single porcine hepatocytes were incubated in the bioreactors, and the BAL worked for 72 hours, with supernatant samples in internal and external circuits collected every 12 hours. PERV RNA, reverse transcriptase (RT) activity, and in vitro infectivity of the supernatant were detected. With the plasma filters, the results of PERV detection were the same in both circuits. With plasma component separators, PERV RNA was found in the external circuits, but no positive RT activity or HEK293 cell infection was found. The time at which the PERV RNA was first detected varied with the pore size of membrane; the larger the membrane pore size was, the earlier the RNA was detected. The PERV RNA level in the external circuits was reduced significantly compared with that in the internal circuits at any detecting time. The plasma component separators with membrane pore size =35 nm could significantly reduce the passage of infectious PERVs. And the membrane pore size, the treatment duration, and the viral level in the internal circuit were potential factors influencing the transfer of PERVs across the membrane in a BAL. In addition, a low risk of PERV transmission from porcine hepatocytes to human cells was found.
    The International journal of artificial organs 04/2012; 35(5):385-91. · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential transmissibility of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) from a newly-developed porcine hepatocyte bioartificial liver (BAL) system prior to human clinical trial by using a live canine model. Five normal beagles were treated with the new BAL support system for six hours. Samples of plasma from the BAL system and whole blood from the beagles were collected at regular intervals over the six month study period. DNA and RNA were isolated from both the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma for evaluation by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverese transcription (RT)-PCR, respectively, to detect PERV and the Sus scrofa cytochrome B normalization standard. In addition, RT activity and the in vitro infectivity of the plasma were detected in HEK293 cells. All five beagles remained in stable physical health throughout the treatment and survived until the end of the study. PERV RNA-positivity and RT activity were only detected in the plasma samples from the 3rd BAL treatment cycle. All other samples, including PBMCs and plasma, were negative for PERV RNA, PERV DNA, and RT activity. In addition, none of the sera samples showed in vitro infectivity. Application of our BAL system does not lead to PERV transmission.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2012; 20(1):45-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of newly developed multi-layer flat-plate bioartificial liver in treatment of canines with acute liver failure. Porcine hepatocytes and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were cocultured in newly developed multi-layer flat-plate bioreactor. Acute liver failure in canine models was induced by D-galactosamine administration.Sixteen canine models were divided into two groups: treatment group (n = 8) and control group (n = 8). Biochemical parameters were determined for 7 days after treatment and liver specimens were collected for histological analysis. Hepatic encephalopathy and general conditions were significantly improved in the treatment group, but no changes in the control group. Alanine aminotransferase was significantly decreased from (1512 ± 183) U/L to (86 ± 25) U/L in the treatment group, aspartate aminotransferase was significantly decreased from (1472 ± 365) U/L to (46 ± 11) U/L, lactate dehydrogenase was significantly decreased from (463 ± 76) U/L to (312 ± 84) U/L, total bilirubin was significantly decreased from (28.8 ± 6.2) µmol/L to (12.5 ± 3.6) µmol/L, ammonia was significantly decreased from (56 ± 15) µmol/L to (34 ± 10) µmol/L, and prothrombin time were significantly decreased in the treatment group but increased in the control group, albumin was improved in the treatment group but decreased in the control group. There were 5 canines survived in the treatment group but only 3 in the control group. But there was no difference on survival rates between the two group (P = 0.294). The application of newly developed multi-layer flat-plate bioartificial liver system was effective in the treatment of canines with acute liver failure.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 11/2011; 49(11):1026-30.
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    ABSTRACT: To study and evaluate the immunosafety of our newly developed multilayer flat-plate bioartificial liver (BAL) in treatment of canines with acute liver failure. Fresh porcine hepatocytes and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were cocultured in new BAL. Ten canine models with acute liver failure were set up through D-galactosamine administration; 24 hours after administration, the beagles were randomly allocated to a 6-hour treatment with the BAL. The beagles were divided into 2 groups by treatment times. Group 1 beagles (n = 5) received a single BAL treatment. Group 2 beagles (n = 5) received 3 BAL treatments. The hemodynamic, hematologic response and humoral immune responses to BAL therapy were studied before and after treatments. All beagles remained hemodynamically and hematologically stable during BAL treatments. The levels of IgG and IgM were similar before and after treatment after a single treatment. In addition, the level of CH50 in group 1 slightly decreased after the initiation of BAL treatment, and then the level recovered to baseline quickly after treatments. Time-course changes of the levels of antibodies and CH50 after 3 treatments in group 2 were similar to group 1. Only trace levels of IgG were detected in BAL medium after treatments. The multilayer flat-plate BAL showed a great immunosafety in the treatment of canines with acute liver failure and exhibited a good prospect of its use in clinic.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 10/2011; 343(6):429-34. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Given the xenogeneic immune reaction relevant to the molecular weight cutoff of the membrane of a bioartificial liver (BAL) system, we investigated the influence of membrane molecular weight cutoff in our BAL system in this study. Acute liver failure in beagles was induced by d-galactosamine administration. Eight beagles were divided into two groups by the membrane molecular weight cutoff of the plasma component separator. Group 1 beagles were treated with BAL containing 200 kDa retention rating membrane. Group 2 beagles were treated with BAL containing 1200 kDa retention rating membrane. Each group underwent two 6-h BAL treatments that were performed on day 1 and day 21. The hemodynamic and hematologic response, humoral immune responses, and cytotoxic immune response to BAL therapy were studied before and after treatments. All beagles remained hemodynamically and hematologically stable during BAL treatments. BAL treatment was associated with a significant decline in levels of complement; however, a longer time of level maintenance was observed in Group 2. Group 2 beagles experienced a significant increase in levels of IgG and IgM after two BAL treatments. Significant levels of canine proteins were detected in BAL medium from Group 2; only trace levels of canine proteins were detected in BAL medium from Group 1. The posttreatment viability of co-culture cells in Group 2 was lower compared with Group 1, and the viability of co-culture cells after treatments was associated with deposition of canine proteins on the cells. Xenogeneic immune response was influenced by membrane molecular weight cutoff in the BAL.
    Artificial Organs 08/2011; 36(1):86-93. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Not Abstract.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 07/2011; 19(7):554-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of chitosan nanofiber scaffold on the production and infectivity of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) expressed by porcine hepatocytes. Freshly isolated porcine hepatocytes were cultured with or without chitosan nanofiber scaffold (defined as Nano group and Hep group) for 7 d. The daily collection of culture medium was used to detect reverse transcriptase (RT) activity with RT activity assay kits and PERV RNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real time PCR with the PERV specific primers. And Western blotting was performed with the lysates of daily retrieved cells to determine the PERV protein gag p30. Besides, the in-vitro infectivity of the supernatant was tested by incubating the human embryo kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. The similar changing trends between two groups were observed in real time PCR, RT activity assay and Western blotting. Two peaks of PERV expression at 10H and Day 2 were found and followed by a regular decline. No significant difference was found between two groups except the significantly high level of PERV RNA at Day 6 and PERV protein at Day 5 in Nano group than that in Hep group. And in the in-vitro infection experiment, no HEK293 cell was infected by the supernatant. Chitosan nanofiber scaffold might prolong the PERV secreting time in pig hepatocytes but would not obviously influence its productive amount and infectivity, so it could be applied in the bioartificial liver without the increased risk of the virus transmission.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2011; 17(22):2774-80. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the function of hepatocytes co-cultured with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be maintained in serum from acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients. Hepatocyte supportive functions and cytotoxicity of sera from 18 patients with viral hepatitis B-induced ACLF and 18 healthy volunteers were evaluated for porcine hepatocytes co-cultured with MSCs and hepatocyte mono-layered culture, respectively. Chemokine profile was also examined for the normal serum and liver failure serum. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and Tumor necrosis factor; tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were remarkably elevated in response to ACLF while epidermal growth factor (EGF) and VEGF levels were significantly decreased. Liver failure serum samples induced a higher detachment rate, lower viability and decreased liver support functions in the homo-hepatocyte culture. Hepatocytes co-cultured with MSCs could tolerate the cytotoxicity of the serum from ACLF patients and had similar liver support functions compared with the hepatocytes cultured with healthy human serum in vitro. In addition, co-cultured hepatocytes maintained a proliferative capability despite of the insult from liver failure serum. ACLF serum does not impair the cell morphology, viability, proliferation and overall metabolic capacities of hepatocyte co-cultured with MSCs in vitro.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2011; 17(19):2397-406. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of liver transplantation for patients with cholangiocarcinoma. According to the requirements of Cochrane systematic review, a thorough literature search was performed in Pubmed/Medline, Embase and Cochrane Central Register electronic databases ranged between 1995 and 2009 in terms of the key words "liver transplantation", and "cholangiocarcinoma" or "cholangiocellular carcinoma" or "bile duct cancer". And restricted the articles published in the English language. Two reviewers independently screened the studies for eligibility, evaluated the quality and extracted the data from the eligible studies with confirmation by cross-checking. Data were processed for a meta-analysis by Stata 10 software with 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rates and incidence of complications. A total of 14 clinical trials containing 605 patients were finally enrolled in this study. The overall 1-, 3-, 5-year pooled survival rates were 73% (95%CI: 0.65 - 0.80), 42% (95%CI: 0.33 - 0.51) and 39% (95%CI: 0.28 - 0.51), respectively. Of note, preoperative adjuvant therapies (OLT-PAT group) rendered the transplanted individuals comparably favorable outcomes with 1-, 3-, 5-year pooled survival rates of 83% (95%CI: 0.57 - 0.98), 57% (95%CI: 0.18 - 0.92) and 65% (95%CI: 0.40 - 0.87), respectively. In addition, the overall pooled incidence of complications was 62% (95%CI: 0.44 - 0.78), among which that of OLT-PAT group (58%, 95%CI: 0.20 - 0.92) was relatively acceptable compared to those of liver transplantation alone (61%, 95%CI: 0.33 - 0.85) and liver transplantation with extended bile duct resection (78%, 95%CI: 0.55 - 0.94). In comparison to curative resection of cholangiocarcinoma with the 5-year survival rate reported from 20% to 40%, the role of liver transplantation alone is so limited, but neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy combined with liver transplantation can bring better short- and long-term prognosis.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 04/2011; 49(4):351-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Immunoisolation using semipermeable membranes has been incorporated into bioartificial liver (BAL) devices to separate cellular components of the recipient's immune system from the cells within the BAL device. This study was designed to explore the influence of membrane molecular weight cutoff on performance of the multilayer radial-flow BAL using porcine hepatocytes cocultured with mesenchymal stem cells. In this study, healthy beagles underwent 6-h treatment with a BAL containing membrane with 200 kDa retention rating or 1200 kDa retention rating. Functional markers of BAL performance were monitored before and after treatment, as well as cytotoxic immune response to BAL therapy. The results showed that hepatocyte performance levels such as albumin secretion, urea synthesis, and viability were all significantly higher in 200 kDa retention rating group compared with the 1200 kDa retention rating group after treatment (P <  0.05). Significant levels of canine proteins were detected in BAL medium from the 1200 kDa retention rating group. Fluorescence microscopy further verified that heavy deposition of canine IgG, IgM, and complement (C3) on coculture cells was obtained after BAL treatment in the 1200 kDa retention rating group. However, only trace deposits of canine immunoproteins were observed on coculture cells obtained from BAL in the 200 kDa retention rating group. Small membrane molecular weight cutoff of the BAL could reduce the transfer of xenoreactive antibodies into the BAL medium and improve the performance of the BAL.
    Artificial Organs 03/2011; 35(3):E40-6. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To design a novel bioreactor of bioartificial liver system by using expanded and differentiated human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs) as active cells. hBMMSCs were isolated from bone marrow of volunteers and grown to 10(7) population, and then replanted into hollow fiber cartridge to expand continuously for 10 days. They were incubated in differentiation medium containing recombinant human hepatocyte growth factor (rhHGF), recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 4 (rhFGF-4), recombinant human oncostatin M (rhOSM), and the cells were induced to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells for 21 days. The functions of the differentiated cells, such as synthesis of albumin (Alb), alpha fetoprotein (AFP) were determined. Eighteen days later, the functions of metabolism of ammonia and benzodiazepines, and synthesis of urea were monitored. The cellular synthesis rate of Alb was measured with flow cytometer. The glucose levels in the medium were measured during entire culture process. (1)Glucose-uptake in the cartridge was increased during the culture period, and at the end of culture, the number of cells in the cartridge increased to 10(9). (2)After induction, AFP was detected on day 6, reaching the peak level on day 12. Alb was detected on day 9. Eighteen days after being induced, the clearance rate of ammonia and benzodiazepines in the cartridge was 2.0-2.7 mmol/24 hours and 3.2-3.8 mg/24 hours, respectively, and urea production rate was 1.8-2.2 mmol/24 hours. (3)At the end of the culture, 66.18%-76.91% of the cells showed positive Alb expression. hBMMSCs can be multiply to construct a novel bioreactor of bioartificial liver system in a hollow fiber cartridge.
    Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 12/2010; 22(12):719-22.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we developed a method to obtain high surface area nanofiber meshes composed of chitosan of a number of molecular weights. This method required decreasing the viscosity and surface tension of the chitosan solution as well as optimization of the electrospinning parameters such as applied voltage and environmental humidity. These chitosan nanofiber meshes were developed as a culture substrate for hepatocytes. The fibers exhibited a uniform diameter distribution (average diameter: 112 nm) and FTIR results indicate that the chemical structure of chitosan is stable during the electrospinning process. The attachment, morphology and activity of hepatocytes cultured on the chitosan nanofiber meshes were tested. The results showed that the chitosan nanofibers are biocompatible with hepatocytes and that these chitosan nanofiber meshes could be useful tissue culture substrates for various applications, including bioartificial liver-assist devices and tissue engineering for liver regeneration.
    Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology 12/2010; 6(6):658-66. · 7.58 Impact Factor
  • Yi-Tao Ding, Xiao-Lei Shi
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    ABSTRACT: Acute liver failure remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Bioartificial liver (BAL) devices have been in development for more than 20 years. Such devices aim to temporarily take over the metabolic and excretory functions of the liver until the patients' own liver has recovered or a donor liver becomes available for transplant. The important issues include the choice of cell materials and the design of the bioreactor. Ideal BAL cell materials should be of good viability and functionality, easy to access, and exclude immunoreactive and tumorigenic cell materials. Unfortunately, the current cells in use in BAL do not meet these requirements. One of the challenges in BAL development is the improvement of current materials; another key point concerning cell materials is the coculture of different cells. The bioreactor is an important component of BAL, because it determines the viability and function of the hepatocytes within it. From the perspective of bioengineering, a successful and clinically effective bioreactor should mimic the structure of the liver and provide an in vivo-like microenvironment for the growth of hepatocytes, thereby maintaining the cells' viability and function to the maximum extent. One future trend in the development of the bioreactor is to improve the oxygen supply system. Another direction for future research on bioreactors is the application of biomedical materials. In conclusion, BAL is, in principle, an important therapeutic strategy for patients with acute liver failure, and may also be a bridge to liver transplantation. It requires further research and development, however, before it can enter clinical practice.
    Frontiers of medicine. 11/2010; 5(1):15-9.