G Moriette

Paris Diderot University, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (120)271.57 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine whether ibuprofen displaces bilirubin from albumin in preterm infants. A total of 34 preterm neonates (<32 weeks gestation) treated by ibuprofen (10-5-5 mg/kg) were included in this prospective open-label study. Total bilirubin (TB), unbound bilirubin (UB), and ibuprofen concentrations were measured before, 1 hour, and 6 hours after the first dose; before and 1 hour after the second dose; and 72 hours after the beginning of treatment. The infants were screened by auditory brainstem responses and by neurologic examination at term. At baseline, TB, UB, apparent binding affinity of albumin (Ka), and albumin concentrations were 6.0±1.6 mg/dL, 1.9±2.2 μg/dL, 14.1±5.8 L·μmol(-1), and 28.7±2.3 g/L, respectively. Ibuprofen treatment had no effect on TB, UB, or Ka values. No correlation between UB or Ka and ibuprofen concentrations was found. No neurologic symptoms or significant modifications of auditory brainstem responses were observed at term. Ibuprofen (10-5-5 mg/kg) did not displace bilirubin in preterm infants with a baseline TB concentration <8.8 mg/dL.
    The Journal of pediatrics 08/2011; 160(2):258-264.e1. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In adult patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, there is a gradient between end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO(2)) and arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO(2)), and the slope of the ascending phase of the capnogram is decreased due to obstruction. Corresponding data are lacking in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). To compare PCO(2) -EtCO(2) gradient and capnogram shape in two groups of spontaneously breathing preterm subjects: infants with BPD and infants without respiratory disease (controls). Capnography was performed at 36 weeks postmenstrual age in 20 infants (12 BPD with oxygen dependency, 8 controls). Respiratory rate and the components of the respiratory cycle were measured. The PCO(2) -EtCO(2) gradient was calculated using EtCO(2) values and simultaneously sampled capillary values (PcCO(2)). Capnograms were compared between groups. In BPD subjects, respiratory rate was increased (60 ± 16 bpm vs 43 ± 16 bpm, P = 0.009); a widened PcCO(2) -EtCO(2) gradient was observed (13 ± 4 mmHg vs 0 ± 7 mmHg, P = 0.0013); the ascending phase of the capnogram was not decreased, whereas the initial inspiratory phase was prolonged (0.32 ± 0.05 vs 0.24 ± 0.04, P = 0.001). Compared with healthy infants, a higher PcCO(2) -EtCO(2) gradient was observed in infants with BPD, suggesting that ventilation-perfusion mismatch may be present in these infants. The capnogram did not exhibit the characteristic shape of airway obstruction.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 04/2011; 46(9):896-902. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Capnocytophaga, a genus of Gram-negative anaerobes that inhabit the oral cavity, has been reported to be an unusual cause of chorioamnionitis and neonatal infection. We report five cases of Capnocytophaga spp. infections in preterm infants (one proven infection and four probable infections) and review 14 previously reported cases. We suggest that Capnocytophaga sp. may be responsible for some occult causes of chorioamnionitis or preterm birth, and that the prevalence of this infection may be higher than previously reported.
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 10/2010; 16(10):1539-43. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Developing cortex generates endogenous activity that modulates the formation of functional units, but how this activity is altered to support mature function is poorly understood. Using recordings from the visual cortex of preterm human infants and neonatal rats, we report a "bursting" period of visual responsiveness during which the weak retinal output is amplified by endogenous network oscillations, enabling a primitive form of vision. This period ends shortly before delivery in humans and eye opening in rodents with an abrupt switch to the mature visual response. The switch is causally linked to the emergence of an activated state of continuous cortical activity dependent on the ascending neuromodulatory systems involved in arousal. This switch is sensory system specific but experience independent and also involves maturation of retinal processing. Thus, the early development of visual processing is governed by a conserved, intrinsic program that switches thalamocortical response properties in anticipation of patterned vision.
    Neuron 08/2010; 67(3):480-98. · 15.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With very preterm deliveries, the decision to institute intensive care, or, alternatively, to start palliative care and let the baby die, is extremely difficult, and involves complex ethical issues. The introduction of intensive care may result in long-term survival of many infants without severe disabilities, but it may also result in the survival of severely disabled infants. Conversely, the decision to withhold resuscitation and/or intensive care at birth, which is an option at the margin of viability, implies allowing babies to die, although some of them would have developed normally if they had received resuscitation and/or intensive care. Withholding intensive care at birth does not mean withholding care but rather providing palliative care to prevent pain and suffering during the time period preceding death. The likelihood of survival without significant disabilities decreases as gestational age at birth decreases. In addition to gestational age, other factors greatly influence the prognosis. Indeed, for a given gestational age, higher birth weight, singleton birth, female sex, exposure to prenatal corticosteroids, and birth in a tertiary center are favorable factors. Considering gestational age, there is a gray zone that corresponds to major prognostic uncertainty and therefore to a major problem in making a “good” decision. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to deliveries at 24 and 25 weeks of postmenstrual age. In general, babies born above the gray zone (26 weeks of postmenstrual age and later) should receive resuscitation and/or full intensive care. Below 24 weeks, palliative care is the only option offered in France at the present time. Decisions within the gray zone will be addressed in the 2nd part of this work.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 05/2010; 17(5):518-526. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    Archives de Pédiatrie 04/2010; 17(4):413-9. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the first part of this work, the outcome following very premature birth was assessed. This enabled a gray zone to be defined, with inherent major prognostic uncertainty. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to deliveries occurring at 24 and 25 weeks of postmenstrual age. The management of births occurring below and above the gray zone was described. Withholding intensive care at birth for babies born below or within the gray zone does not mean withholding care but rather providing palliative care to prevent pain and suffering during the time period preceding death. Given the high level of uncertainty, making good decisions within the gray zone is problematic. Decisions should be based on the infant's best interests. Decisions should be reached with the parents, who are entitled to receive clear and comprehensive information. Possible decisions to withhold intensive care should be made following the procedures described in the French law of April 2005. Guidelines, based on gestational age and the other prognostic elements, are proposed to the parents before birth. They are applied in an individualized fashion, in order to take into account the individual features of each case. At 25 weeks, resuscitation and/or full intensive care are usually proposed, unless unfavorable factors, such as severe growth restriction, are associated. A senior neonatologist will attend the delivery and will make decisions based on both the baby's condition at birth and the parents' wishes. At 24 weeks, in the absence of unfavorable associated factors, the parents' wishes should be followed in deciding between initiating full intensive care or palliative care. Below 24 weeks, palliative care is the only option to be offered in France at the present time.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 03/2010; 17(5):527-39. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With very preterm deliveries, the decision to institute intensive care, or, alternatively, to start palliative care and let the baby die, is extremely difficult, and involves complex ethical issues. The introduction of intensive care may result in long-term survival of many infants without severe disabilities, but it may also result in the survival of severely disabled infants. Conversely, the decision to withhold resuscitation and/or intensive care at birth, which is an option at the margin of viability, implies allowing babies to die, although some of them would have developed normally if they had received resuscitation and/or intensive care. Withholding intensive care at birth does not mean withholding care but rather providing palliative care to prevent pain and suffering during the time period preceding death. The likelihood of survival without significant disabilities decreases as gestational age at birth decreases. In addition to gestational age, other factors greatly influence the prognosis. Indeed, for a given gestational age, higher birth weight, singleton birth, female sex, exposure to prenatal corticosteroids, and birth in a tertiary center are favorable factors. Considering gestational age, there is a gray zone that corresponds to major prognostic uncertainty and therefore to a major problem in making a "good" decision. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to deliveries at 24 and 25 weeks of postmenstrual age. In general, babies born above the gray zone (26 weeks of postmenstrual age and later) should receive resuscitation and/or full intensive care. Below 24 weeks, palliative care is the only option offered in France at the present time. Decisions within the gray zone will be addressed in the 2nd part of this work.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 03/2010; 17(5):518-26. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prematurity apnea remains a major clinical problem that requires treatment choices which are sometimes difficult. Prematurity apnea occurs in most infants of gestational age at birth less than 33 weeks. It is a developmental disorder which usually reflects a “physiological” immaturity of respiratory control. However, neonatal diseases may be associated and play an additive role, resulting in an increased incidence of apnea. Careful screening should therefore be performed in order to make sure that no other factor than immaturity is involved in the occurrence of apnea. Short apnea (less than 10s, without hypoxemia and bradycardia), due to immaturity, are not clinically relevant. More prolonged apnea, that last for more than 15 or 20s, and / or apnea associated with bradycardia or oxygen desaturation, results in short-term disturbances of cerebral haemodynamics and oxygenation, which may negatively impact on neurodevelopmental outcome. Evaluating the immediate severity of apnea and the risks that apnea may affect long-term outcome remains a challenge. The choice of treatments is based on a few evidences. Caffeine citrate, which reduces the incidence of apnea, has been used for decades. However, a thorough evaluation of risks and benefits of this medication has been performed only recently. Caffeine citrate was found to be safe and resulted in unexpected benefits. In treated infants, compared with controls, indeed, a decreased incidence of the following complications was recorded: bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks of conceptional age, patent ductus arteriosus, cerebral palsy at 18 months of age. Nasal CPAP can be used in association with caffeine citrate, when the latter is not effective enough.
    Archives De Pediatrie - ARCHIVES PEDIATRIE. 01/2010; 17(2):186-190.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the first part of this work, the outcome following very premature birth was assessed. This enabled a gray zone to be defined, with inherent major prognostic uncertainty. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to deliveries occurring at 24 and 25 weeks of postmenstrual age. The management of births occurring below and above the gray zone was described. Withholding intensive care at birth for babies born below or within the gray zone does not mean withholding care but rather providing palliative care to prevent pain and suffering during the time period preceding death. Given the high level of uncertainty, making good decisions within the gray zone is problematic. Decisions should be based on the infant's best interests. Decisions should be reached with the parents, who are entitled to receive clear and comprehensive information. Possible decisions to withhold intensive care should be made following the procedures described in the French law of April 2005. Guidelines, based on gestational age and the other prognostic elements, are proposed to the parents before birth. They are applied in an individualized fashion, in order to take into account the individual features of each case. At 25 weeks, resuscitation and/or full intensive care are usually proposed, unless unfavorable factors, such as severe growth restriction, are associated. A senior neonatologist will attend the delivery and will make decisions based on both the baby's condition at birth and the parents’ wishes. At 24 weeks, in the absence of unfavorable associated factors, the parents’ wishes should be followed in deciding between initiating full intensive care or palliative care. Below 24 weeks, palliative care is the only option to be offered in France at the present time.
    Archives De Pediatrie - ARCHIVES PEDIATRIE. 01/2010; 17(5):527-539.
  • G Moriette, S Lescure, M El Ayoubi, E Lopez
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prematurity apnea remains a major clinical problem that requires treatment choices which are sometimes difficult. Prematurity apnea occurs in most infants of gestational age at birth less than 33 weeks. It is a developmental disorder which usually reflects a "physiological" immaturity of respiratory control. However, neonatal diseases may be associated and play an additive role, resulting in an increased incidence of apnea. Careful screening should therefore be performed in order to make sure that no other factor than immaturity is involved in the occurrence of apnea. Short apnea (less than 10s, without hypoxemia and bradycardia), due to immaturity, are not clinically relevant. More prolonged apnea, that last for more than 15 or 20s, and / or apnea associated with bradycardia or oxygen desaturation, results in short-term disturbances of cerebral haemodynamics and oxygenation, which may negatively impact on neurodevelopmental outcome. Evaluating the immediate severity of apnea and the risks that apnea may affect long-term outcome remains a challenge. The choice of treatments is based on a few evidences. Caffeine citrate, which reduces the incidence of apnea, has been used for decades. However, a thorough evaluation of risks and benefits of this medication has been performed only recently. Caffeine citrate was found to be safe and resulted in unexpected benefits. In treated infants, compared with controls, indeed, a decreased incidence of the following complications was recorded: bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks of conceptional age, patent ductus arteriosus, cerebral palsy at 18 months of age. Nasal CPAP can be used in association with caffeine citrate, when the latter is not effective enough.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 11/2009; 17(2):186-90. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monitoring CO2 levels in preterm infants receiving mechanical ventilation is designed to avoid the harmful consequences of hypocapnia or hypercapnia. Capnography is of questionable accuracy for monitoring PCO2 in preterm infants. To determine the accuracy of sidestream capnography in ventilated preterm infants by comparing end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) values to mixed venous carbon dioxide pressure (PvCO2) and to transcutaneous carbon dioxide pressure (TcPCO2). Simultaneous recordings of EtCO2, TcPCO2 and PvCO2 in 37 ventilated preterm infants. The PvCO2-EtCO2 gradient was calculated. The Bland-Altman technique and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) were used to assess agreement between methods. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Ninety-nine EtCO2/PvCO2 pairs were studied from 37 preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 27.7 +/- 1.9 weeks and a mean birth weight of 1,003 +/- 331 g. The mean PvCO2-EtCO2 gradient was 11.2 +/- 8.0 mmHg, and the ICC was 0.28. The mean PvCO2-TcPCO2 gradient was 0 +/- 7.8 mmHg, and the ICC was 0.78. AUCs for EtCO2 and TcPCO2 were similar in detecting high or low PvCO2. Despite an insufficient correlation between EtCO2 and PvCO2, capnography was able to detect low and high CO2 warning levels with a similar efficacy to that of TcPCO2, and may therefore be of clinical interest.
    European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 09/2009; 35(11):1942-9. · 5.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recommendations issued by the French Health Ministry include ocular screening in the first days of life and at 2 and 4 months. The aim is to detect ocular abnormalities requiring early treatment, in order to improve the prognosis. Paediatricians working in the nursery should therefore be trained in order to perform ocular screening, which requires using an ophthalmoscope. This is not yet common practice in all nurseries. Red-reflex is one of the most important elements of testing. Possible diagnoses suggested by abnormal red-reflex include retinoblastoma, or abnormalities of eye transparency, such as cataract. Any detected ocular abnormality requires specialised consultation. At the present time, paediatricians remain insufficiently aware and trained about ocular screening.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 09/2009; 16 Suppl 1:S38-41. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recommendations issued by the French Health Ministry include ocular screening in the first days of life and at 2 and 4 months. The aim is to detect ocular abnormalities requiring early treatment, in order to improve the prognosis. Paediatricians working in the nursery should therefore be trained in order to perform ocular screening, which requires using an ophthalmoscope. This is not yet common practice in all nurseries. Red-reflex is one of the most important elements of testing. Possible diagnoses suggested by abnormal redreflex include retinoblastoma, or abnormalities of eye transparency, such as cataract. Any detected ocular abnormality requires specialised consultation. At the present time, paediatricians remain insufficiently aware and trained about ocular screening.
    Archives De Pediatrie - ARCHIVES PEDIATRIE. 01/2009; 16.
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    ABSTRACT: The concept of risk has acquired an extremely important place in medical care in the course of various social developments. This concept plays a role in the physician-patient relationship, especially as the form in which the physician provides information to the patient; it is also a form of medical knowledge. We propose a cross-sectional medical course module on this concept of risk, intended for medical students; it can be included in module 1 of the curriculum for the national ranking examination. This class enables a new approach to medical care by showing the variety of definitions of risk and facilitating their perception and integration. Through a process that is simultaneously epistemological and practical, it aims to associate the medical knowledge we use every day with the concept of risk and thereby help the students take a critical distance relative to the mass of available knowledge. This approach to medical knowledge through the concept of risk makes the knowledge more operational and more pertinent within the context of individual clinical situations and thus optimizes medical care. Its pedagogical techniques combine standard classroom lectures with workshops involving role-playing in specific scenarios. This original course meets the needs of medical students who are in the process of becoming health care providers — needs related to the analysis and use of available medical knowledge in their clinical practice and to some aspects of the patient-provider relationship.
    La Presse Médicale 07/2008; 37(7):1143-1149. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic characterization of non-K1 Escherichia coli strains isolated from a mother and her neonate allowed us to provide evidence of the maternal origin of a late-onset neonatal infection. The use of ante- and peripartum antimicrobial prophylaxis with amoxicillin may have promoted the vertical transmission of this amoxicillin-resistant E. coli from mother to newborn. It allowed us to clarify the natural history of the disease.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 03/2008; 27(2):186-8. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extreme premature child's long-term prognostic is getting better and better known, and if a resuscitation procedure is possible at birth, it won’t guarantee survival or a survival free of disability. Incertitude toward individual prognosis and outcome for those children remains considerable. In this field, we are at the frontier of medical knowledge and the answer to the question, “how to decide the ante and postnatal care” is crucial. This work is focused on this problematic of decision-making in the context of extreme prematurity. It attempts to deconstruct this concept and to explicit its stakes. Thus, with the support of the medical sources and of philosophical debates, we tried to build a decision-making procedure that complies with the ethical requirements of medical care, accuracy, justice and equity. This decision-making procedure is primarily concerned with the singularity of each decision situation and it intends to link it closely to the notions of rationality and responsibility.
    La Revue Sage-Femme 09/2007; 6(3):145–152.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extreme premature child's long-term prognostic is getting better and better known, and if a resuscitation procedure is possible at birth, it won't guarantee survival or a survival free of disability. Incertitude toward individual prognosis and outcome for those childs remains considerable. In this field, we are at the frontier of medical knowledge and the answer to the question, "how to decide the ante and postnatal care?" is crucial. This work is focused on this problematic of decision making in the context of extreme prematurity. It attempts to deconstruct this concept and to explicit its stakes. Thus, with the support of the medical sources and of philosophical debates, we tried to build a decision-making procedure that complies with the ethical requirements of medical care, accuracy, justice and equity. This decision-making procedure is primarily concerned with the singularity of each decision situation and it intends to link it closely to the notions of rationality and responsibility.
    Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction 06/2007; 36(3):238-44. · 0.45 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extreme premature child's long-term prognostic is getting better and better known, and if a resuscitation procedure is possible at birth, it won't guarantee survival or a survival free of disability. Incertitude toward individual prognosis and outcome for those children remains considerable. In this field, we are at the frontier of medical knowledge and the answer to the question, "how to decide the ante and postnatal care" is crucial. This work is focused on this problematic of decision-making in the context of extreme prematurity. It attempts to deconstruct this concept and to explicit its stakes. Thus, with the support of the medical sources and of philosophical debates, we tried to build a decision-making procedure that complies with the ethical requirements of medical care, accuracy, justice and equity. This decision-making procedure is primarily concerned with the singularity of each decision situation and it intends to link it closely to the notions of rationality and responsibility.
    Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction 06/2007; 36(3):245-52. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous multicenter, randomized trial, elective use of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation was compared with the use of conventional ventilation in the management of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants <30 weeks. No difference in terms of respiratory outcome was observed, but concerns were raised about an increased rate of severe intraventricular hemorrhage in the high-frequency ventilation group. To evaluate outcome, a follow-up study was conducted until a corrected age of 2 years. We report the results concerning neuromotor outcome. Outcome was able to be evaluated in 192 of the 212 infants who survived until discharge from the neonatal unit: 97 of 105 infants of the high-frequency group and 95 of 104 infants of the conventional ventilation group. In the infants reviewed, mean birth weight and gestational age were similar in the 2 ventilation groups. As in the overall study population, the following differences were observed between the high-frequency ventilation group and the conventional ventilation group: lower 5-minute Apgar score, fewer surfactant instillations, and a higher incidence of severe intraventricular hemorrhage. At a corrected age of 2 years, 93 of the 97 infants of the high-frequency group and 79 of the 95 infants of the conventional ventilation group did not present any neuromotor disability, whereas 4 infants of the high-frequency group and 16 infants of the conventional ventilation group had cerebral palsy. Contrary to our initial concern about the increased rate of severe intraventricular hemorrhage in the high-frequency ventilation group, these data suggest that early use of high-frequency ventilation, compared with conventional ventilation, may be associated with a better neuromotor outcome. Because of the small number of patients studied and the absence of any explanation for this finding, we can conclude only that high-frequency oscillatory ventilation is not associated with a poorer neuromotor outcome.
    PEDIATRICS 04/2007; 119(4):e860-5. · 4.47 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
271.57 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Paris Diderot University
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2007–2011
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2002–2011
    • Groupe Hospitalier Saint Vincent
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 1982–2010
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Paris, Ile-de-France, France
  • 2000
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1996
    • Hôpital Henri Mondor (Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor)
      Créteil, Île-de-France, France
  • 1995
    • Centre Hospitalier de Laon
      Laon, Picardie, France