[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The morbidity and mortality rates of very premature infants are essential for prenatal counseling and quality control.Methods: We reviewed all infants with GA< 32w and BW< 1500gr admitted during the years 2006-2009 to a single neonatal intensive care unit.Results: The survival rate until hospital discharge for infants admitted to NICU and early morbidity are shown in table 1 and 2.
Pediatric Research 11/2010; 68:580-580. DOI:10.1203/00006450-201011001-01172 · 2.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasmalogens are phospholipids characterized by the presence of a vinyl ether bond at the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone. They are particularly abundant in the nervous system, the heart and striated muscle. Peroxisomes are essential for their biosynthesis and red blood cell (RBC) plasmalogen levels are a reliable test in the investigation of patients suspect for a peroxisomal defect. The functions attributed to them include protection against oxidative stress, myelin formation and signal transduction. The aim of the present study was the investigation of RBC plasmalogen levels in neonates.
A total of 25 healthy full-term, appropriate for gestational age neonates were studied. RBC plasmalogens were estimated using gas chromatography within the first five days of life. Fifteen healthy children 1-8-year olds served as controls.
Statistically significant lower plasmalogen levels were found in neonates compared to older children.
Our results indicate that a different range of normal values for plasmalogen levels should be used in the investigation of peroxisomal diseases in neonates. The lower levels of plasmalogens in neonates found in our study could render them more vulnerable to oxidative stress.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) are important for fetal and infant growth and development. The effects of prematurity and perinatal asphyxia on the levels of linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in plasma and red blood cell (RBC) membranes were investigated.
Fifty-five neonates were studied: 18 full term neonates with perinatal asphyxia (group A), nine preterm neonates (group B), and 28 healthy term neonates (group C). Non-esterified and total levels of LA and AA in plasma and RBC membranes were estimated using gas chromatography within the first day of life. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured using the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactivity method.
Compared to group C, statistically significant lower levels of plasma free and total AA and free LA were observed in group A, whereas statistically significant higher levels of RBC total LA and AA were observed in RBC membranes of group B. A negative correlation between MDA and LC-PUFA levels was found.
Perinatal asphyxia is associated with a reduction in LC-PUFA levels, most likely as a result of increased oxidative stress. Premature infants soon after birth have higher LC-PUFA levels than term neonates, probably reflecting the overall metabolic activity and/or intrauterine transport of LC-PUFA.
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 09/2007; 20(8):623-6. DOI:10.1080/14767050701449745 · 1.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Increased plasma and/or urine chitotriosidase activity was found in neonates with fungal infection changing in parallel with their clinical condition. Increased levels were also found in neonates with bacterial infection. Chitotriosidase activity increase is not a response specific to fungi, but serial assays could monitor the course of neonatal fungal infection.
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 12/2005; 90(6):F531-2. DOI:10.1136/adc.2004.051284 · 3.12 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A striking elevation of plasma chitotriosidase activity, greater than 150 times the normal median value, was found in two galactosialidosis patients. Furthermore, increased plasma chitotriosidase activity, 10-53 times the normal median value, was also observed in fucosidosis, glycogen storage disease type IV, Alagille syndrome and hydrops fetalis due to congenital herpes virus infection.