Maria Careri

Università degli studi di Parma, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (156)346.96 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Wearable solid phase microextraction (SPME) devices consisting in necklaces and pins were developed for the environmental monitoring of ketamine in recreational places using ionic liquid as coating. SPME fibers obtained using both monocationic and dicationic polymeric ionic liquids were characterized in terms of morphology, film thickness, thermal stability and pH resistance. An average thickness of 30±5μm, an excellent thermal stability until 350°C and a very good fiber-to-fiber and batch-to-batch repeatability with RSD lower than 4% were some of the features of the developed coatings. A quantitation limit (LOQ) of 0.05mg/m(3) with a sampling time of 1min proved the feasibility of the developed method for the quantitation of ketamine in air at low concentration levels. Finally, the capabilities of the fibers for the rapid SPME sampling of ketamine in recreational places were proved obtaining extraction efficiencies at least two-fold higher than those obtained using commercial devices and extraction recoveries ranging from 84.2±3.3% to 93.6±2.6% (n=3).
    Journal of chromatography. A 01/2014; · 4.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new voltammetric competitive immunosensor selective for atrazine, based on the immobilization of a conjugate atrazine-bovine serum albumine on a nanostructured gold substrate previously functionalized with poliamidoaminic dendrimers, was realized, characterized, and validated in different real samples of environmental and food concern. Response of the sensor was reliable, highly selective and suitable for the detection and quantification of atrazine at trace levels in complex matrices such as territorial waters, corn-cultivated soils, corn-containing poultry and bovine feeds and corn flakes for human use. Selectivity studies were focused on desethylatrazine, the principal metabolite generated by long-term microbiological degradation of atrazine, terbutylazine-2-hydroxy and simazine as potential interferents. The response of the developed immunosensor for atrazine was explored over the 10(-2)-10(3)ngmL(-1) range. Good sensitivity was proved, as limit of detection and limit of quantitation of 1.2 and 5ngmL(-1), respectively, were estimated for atrazine. RSD values <5% over the entire explored range attested a good precision of the device.
    Analytica chimica acta 01/2014; 806C:197-203. · 4.31 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Different sample treatment protocols for the liquid chromatography–electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–ESI-MS/MS) analysis of potential residuals of ovalbumin and caseins added to red wines were developed. In particular, attention was paid to the simultaneous detection and quantitation of fining agent residues, i.e. ovalbumin, α- and β-casein, in wine samples. The different sample treatment methods were compared in terms of protein recovery. The use of denaturing agents combined with size exclusion concentration and purification allowed to obtain a reproducible (RDS < 20%) analytical protocol with good recoveries (73(±2) – 109(±4)% range) for digested proteins from 12.5 mL of wine sample. Matrix-matched calibration from LC–ESI-MS/MS analysis indicated that the devised method allowed detection of target peptides in the 0.01–0.8 μg/mL range. Finally, method applicability and selectivity was demonstrated by using fining agents commonly exploited in winery industry and by analyzing 20 commercial red wine samples.
    Food Control. 01/2014; 38:82–87.
  • Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 11/2013; · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: European Union legislation has established that plastic food contact materials shall not release primary aromatic amines (PAAs), which are toxic compounds and suspected human carcinogens. As valid alternative to existing methods for PAA determination, which are based on spectrophotometric test or targeted liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) approaches, in this study a LC-Orbitrap-full scan-high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) method was devised and validated for the determination of migration levels of 22 PAAs from food contact materials, thus exploiting the specificity of accurate mass measurement. Direct injection of the simulant (acetic acid 3%, w/v) into the LC-MS system after migration, without any pre-treatment step, makes the developed method of great value for rapid screening analysis of a large number of amines. A very fast and efficient separation (<11min) of PAAs was achieved. Detection limits in the 0.06-0.7μgkg(-1) range were calculated for 17 out of 22 of the investigated PAAs, however obtaining values within 5.3μgkg(-1) for the other 5 amines. Good dynamic linear ranges from two to four orders of magnitude (r(2)≥0.990) were obtained and satisfying results were achieved in terms of intra-day (RSDs<10%) and inter-day repeatability (RSDs<17%). Trueness values in the 70±1-131±5% range proved reliability of the developed method for PAAs quantification also at very low concentration levels. Finally, the method was successfully applied to a range of different real plastic multilayer food packaging materials, noticing in all cases levels below the established limits of detection.
    Journal of chromatography. A 10/2013; · 4.19 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Migration of melamine into foods from melamine tableware has been object of recent Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) notifications. In this context, a rapid and sensitive desorption electrospray ionization-high resolution mass spectrometry (DESI-HRMS) method was developed and validated for the determination of melamine migration from plastic materials. The migration test was performed using acetic acid 3% (w/v) as food simulant. Evaluation of DESI parameters in terms of choice of support, motion profile, geometrical configuration and operating conditions coupled to the use of an orbitrap mass analyzer allowed to achieve significant improvements in terms of selectivity and accuracy obtaining detection and quantitation limits at low microgram per kilogram level. A LC-ESI-MS method was also developed for confirmatory purposes. Both methods were applied to 44 melamine tableware samples available on Italian market in order to assess their compliance with the law. Different concentration levels ranging from 0.00773±0.0006 to 3.0±0.1mg/kg were found after the third exposure to the simulant in new and used tableware with two samples out of 44 being characterized by a melamine release higher than the legal limit, i.e. 2.5mg/kg. A two tailed t-test allowed to assess the good agreement between the quantitative results obtained applying the DESI-MS method with those provided by LC-ESI-MS, thus proving reliability of DESI-HRMS as rapid technique for the study of melamine release from plastic materials.
    Talanta 11/2012; 101:453-9. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Odorant binding protein (OBP) is a multi-functional scavenger for small hydrophobic molecules dissolved in the mucus lining the nasal epithelia of mammals, characterized by broad ligand binding specificity towards a large number of structurally unrelated natural and synthetic molecules of different chemical classes. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the application of OBP as the active element of an innovative filtering matrix for the removal of environmental pollutants such as triazine herbicides from water samples. The filtering device, obtained by coupling histidine-tagged bovine OBP to a nickel nitrilotriacetic acid (Ni-NTA) agarose resin, was characterized in terms of retention capacity for the herbicides atrazine, simazine, and propazine. Analysis of these herbicides at trace levels with solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using the selected ion monitoring mode proved the capabilities of the proposed device for the decontamination of surface and groundwater samples in the 0.2-2,300 μg/L concentration range, obtaining a reduction in the triazine content greater than 97 %, thus suggesting its possible use for the potabilization of water.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 10/2012; · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced sensitivity for the simultaneous determination of five nut allergens in biscuit and in dark chocolate complex matrices was obtained by introduction of a rapid size-exclusion solid-phase extraction-based step before liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS2) analysis. A very fast and efficient separation (<12 min) of marker peptides with selected reaction monitoring detection was obtained. Limits of detection in the 0.1–1.3 mg nut/kg and 5–15 mg nut/kg ranges for biscuit and dark chocolate samples as well as high recoveries (84(±6)–106(±4)% for biscuits and 98(±5)–108(±6)% for dark chocolate) proved the excellent capabilities of the exploited sample treatment method combined with the LC-MS2 analysis. Good precision in terms of intra- and inter-day repeatability was calculated, being always lower than 19 % (n = 75). Linearity was demonstrated up to four and three orders of magnitude for biscuit and dark chocolate, respectively. Finally, the validated method was successfully applied to the investigation of hidden nut trace allergens in commercially available biscuits and chocolates of different brands aiming to ascertain possible discrepancies between allergen content and food allergen labelling.
    Food Analytical Methods 10/2012; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new amperometric immunosensor for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene based on the working principle of competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed and characterised. An electrodeposited nanogold substrate was functionalised by deposition of self-assembled monolayers of 2-aminoethanethiol as linkers for the subsequent immobilisation of polyamidoaminic dendrimers. Our approach makes use of those dendrimers to anchor a trinitrobenzene-ovalbumin conjugate on the electrode surface. The immunosensor was tested and validated for the determination of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene showing high selectivity with respect to other nitroaromatic compounds, a limit of detection of 4.8 ng/mL and a limit of quantitation of 6 ng/mL. The immunosensor was tested for the quantification of the analyte in spiked soils and in a real sample of post-blast soil, evidencing a good recovery rate (113 %).
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 06/2012; · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Allergy to lupin is a growing food safety problem because this legume, increasingly exploited in the food industry, is one of the allergens that, according to law, must be declared on the labels of food products in the European Union. In this context, a rapid targeted proteomic approach based on liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis was proposed and aimed to unequivocal confirmation and reliable determination of the major lupin allergens, i.e., conglutins, in pasta and biscuits. Detected concentrations were around 1 mg of lupin/kg of pasta and biscuits, proving the capabilities of the MS-based method in terms of the sensitive allergen screening method. Good precision was observed in terms of both intra- and interday repeatability, with relative standard deviation (RSD) lower than 23%. Recoveries from 95 ± 10 to 118 ± 12% and from 103 ± 1 to 110 ± 12% ranges were calculated for biscuits and pasta, respectively. Finally, the applicability of the devised method was investigated by analyzing market samples containing lupin and samples that may possibly contain traces of lupin deriving from cross-contamination between products and production lines.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 05/2012; · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superparamagnetic Fe(3)O(4) diphenyl nanoparticles were prepared according to a solvothernal procedure and characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The magnetic phases present in the nanoparticle samples were analyzed by thermomagnetic analysis and the samples' magnetic properties were studied by vibrating sample magnetometry. The resulting nanoparticles having an average diameter of 200 nm were then used as solid-phase extraction sorbent for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urine samples. Method validation proved the feasibility of the developed beads for the quantitation of the investigated analytes at trace levels obtaining lower limit of quantitation values in the ng/l range. A good precision with coefficients of variations always lower than 15% was obtained. Finally, the superior extraction performance of the synthesized nanoparticles with respect to commercially available beads was proved.
    Journal of chromatography. A 03/2012; 1231:8-15. · 4.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A molecularly imprinted polymer with trinitrotoluene as the template molecule was synthesized and used as the novel coating for solid-phase microextraction of the nitroaromatic explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene for its selective determination. The fiber was characterized in terms of coating thickness, morphology, intra- and inter-batch repeatability and extraction efficiency. An average thickness of 50 ± 4 μm with a uniform distribution of the coating was obtained. Good performances of the developed procedure in term of both intra-batch and inter-batch repeatability with relative standard deviations <8% were obtained. Finally, detection and quantitation limits in the low nanogram per kilogram levels were achieved proving the superior extraction capability of the developed coating, obtaining gas chromatography-mass spectrometry responses about two times higher than those achieved using commercial devices.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 03/2012; 403(8):2411-8. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A fully automated, non invasive, rapid and high-throughput method for the direct determination of sarcosine and N-ethylglycine in urine and urinary sediments using hexyl chloroformate derivatization followed by direct immersion solid-phase micro extraction and fast gas chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis was developed and validated. The use of a new ionic liquid narrow bore column, as well as the automation and miniaturization of the preparation procedure by a customized configuration of the utilized XYZ robotic system, allowed a friendly use of the GC apparatus achieving a quantitation limit of 0.06 μg L(-1) for sarcosine, good repeatability with CV always lower than 7% and reduced analysis times useful for point-of-care testing. The method was then applied for the analysis of 56 samples of urine and urinary sediments in healthy subjects, in those with benign prostatic hypertrophy and in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. The results obtained showed that the medians of sarcosine/creatinine in urine were 103, 137 and 267 μg g(-1) respectively, thus assessing the potential use of sarcosine as urinary biomarker for prostate cancer detection. The highest values of sensitivity (79%) and specificity (87%) were obtained in correspondence of a cut-off value of 179 μg sarcosine(g creatinine)(-1), thus by using this cut-off threshold, sarcosine was significantly associated with the presence of cancer (p<0.0001). Finally, ROC analyses proved that the discrimination between clinically localized prostate cancer and patients without evidence of tumor is significantly correlated with sarcosine.
    Analytica chimica acta 11/2011; 707(1-2):197-203. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An integrated approach based on the use of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for the qualitative and quantitative analyses of metal particles in foods was devised and validated. Different raw materials and food products, like wheat, durum wheat, wheat flour, semolina, cookies, and pasta were considered. Attention was paid to the development of sample treatment protocols for each type of sample to avoid potential artifacts such as aggregation or agglomeration. The analytical protocols developed followed by ICP-MS and SEM investigations allowed us the quantitative determination and the morphological and dimensional characterization of metal nano- and microparticles isolated from the raw materials and finished food products considered. The ICP-MS method was validated in terms of linearity (0.8–80 μg/g and 0.09–9 μg/g for Fe and Ti, respectively), quantification limits (0.73 μg/g for Fe and 0.09 μg/g for Ti), repeatability (relative standard deviation (RSD) % equal to 10% for Fe and 20% in a wheat matrix as an example), and extraction recoveries (93 ± 2–101 ± 2%). Validation of the scanning electron microscopy–energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) measurements was performed working in a dimensional range from 1 to 100 μm with an estimated error in the size determination equal to 0.5 μm. ICP-MS data as well as SEM measurements showed a decrease in the concentration of metal particles from wheat to flour and from durum wheat to semolina samples, thus indicating an external contamination of grains by metal particles. These findings were confirmed by environmental SEM analysis, which allowed investigation of particles of lower dimensions. Generally, the largest number of particles was found in the case of iron and titanium, whereas particles of copper and zinc were only occasionally found without any possibility of quantifying their number.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 09/2011; 401(4):1453. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously demonstrated the presence of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) in swine follicular fluid. Present study was aimed first of all to investigate if swine granulosa cell produce 2-ME; in addition, we tried to assess a potential effect of hypoxia in modulating 2-ME output. Finally, we explored the effect of 2-ME in an angiogenesis bioassay set up in our lab. Our data show that cultured granulosa cells are able to produce 2-ME; interestingly, the secretion of the hormone appeared to be stimulated by hypoxia. Angiogenesis bioassay points out that 2-ME displays an inhibitory effect on neovascularisation. Therefore our data suggest that 2-ME could be a local effector in determining the fine tuning responsible for follicle angiogenesis. These data deserve special attention since the ovary is a valuable experimental model in angiogenesis research.
    Steroids 07/2011; 76(13):1433-6. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An integrated approach based on the use of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for the qualitative and quantitative analyses of metal particles in foods was devised and validated. Different raw materials and food products, like wheat, durum wheat, wheat flour, semolina, cookies, and pasta were considered. Attention was paid to the development of sample treatment protocols for each type of sample to avoid potential artifacts such as aggregation or agglomeration. The analytical protocols developed followed by ICP-MS and SEM investigations allowed us the quantitative determination and the morphological and dimensional characterization of metal nano- and microparticles isolated from the raw materials and finished food products considered. The ICP-MS method was validated in terms of linearity (0.8-80 μg/g and 0.09-9 μg/g for Fe and Ti, respectively), quantification limits (0.73 μg/g for Fe and 0.09 μg/g for Ti), repeatability (relative standard deviation (RSD) % equal to 10% for Fe and 20% in a wheat matrix as an example), and extraction recoveries (93 ± 2-101 ± 2%). Validation of the scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) measurements was performed working in a dimensional range from 1 to 100 μm with an estimated error in the size determination equal to 0.5 μm. ICP-MS data as well as SEM measurements showed a decrease in the concentration of metal particles from wheat to flour and from durum wheat to semolina samples, thus indicating an external contamination of grains by metal particles. These findings were confirmed by environmental SEM analysis, which allowed investigation of particles of lower dimensions. Generally, the largest number of particles was found in the case of iron and titanium, whereas particles of copper and zinc were only occasionally found without any possibility of quantifying their number.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 06/2011; 401(4):1401-9. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sol-gel-based materials were synthesized, characterized and finally tested as solid supports for desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) analysis of a mixture of compounds of different polarity. Films with thickness in the 2-4 μm range were obtained by a dip-coating process using tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and octyltriethoxysilane (OTES) as sol-gel precursors. Three types of surface with different hydrophobic character were obtained by varying the TEOS/OTES ratio in the sol-gel mixture. Each coating was characterized by atomic force microscopy investigations, gaining insight into homogeneity, smoothness and thickness of the obtained films. To study hydrophobicity of each surface, surface free energy measurements were performed. Different DESI-MS responses were observed when different solvent mixture deposition procedures and solvent spray compositions were investigated. Results were finally compared to those obtained by using commercial polytetrafluoroethylene-coated slides. It was found that surface free energy plays an important role in the desorption/ionization process as a function of the polarity of analytes.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 04/2011; 400(5):1515-23. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel diethoxydiphenylsilane-based coating for planar solid-phase microextraction was developed using sol-gel technology and used for ion mobility spectrometric detection of the explosives 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, and of the explosive taggant ethylene glycol dinitrate. The trap was characterized in terms of coating thickness, morphology, inter-batch repeatability, and extraction efficiency. An average thickness of 143 ± 13 μm with a uniform distribution of the coating was obtained. Good performances of the developed procedure in terms of both intra-batch and inter-batch repeatability with relative standard deviations <7% were obtained. Experimental design and desirability function were used to find the optimal conditions for simultaneous headspace extraction of the investigated compounds: the optimal values were found in correspondence of a time and a temperature of extraction of 45 min and 40 °C, respectively. Detection and quantitation limits in low nanogram levels were achieved proving the superior extraction capability of the developed coating, obtaining ion mobility spectrometric responses at least two times higher than those achieved using commercial teflon and paper traps.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 03/2011; 399(8):2741-6. · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Maria Careri, Alessandro Mangia
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    ABSTRACT: Trends in analytical atomic and molecular mass spectrometry (MS) are reviewed here with an emphasis on problems related to biology and the life sciences. The move towards novel desorption/ionization techniques including matrix-free laser desorption-ionization MS and recent technological developments in MS imaging of elements, small molecules, and proteins are discussed. Recent developments in the interfacing of microfluidics with MS are also reviewed. Metabolic profiling, evaluation of biomarkers, pharmaceutical metabolite identification, and many related topics are addressed.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 03/2011; 399(8):2585-95. · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Maria Careri
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 03/2011; 399(8):2583-4. · 3.66 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
272 Downloads
346.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1989–2014
    • Università degli studi di Parma
      • • Department of Chemistry
      • • Department of Industrial Engineering
      Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2009
    • Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas
      Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain
  • 1993
    • Università degli Studi di Torino
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy