Foo-Tim Chau

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Are you Foo-Tim Chau?

Claim your profile

Publications (120)296.36 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have computed the potential energy surfaces of the [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] states of HPS using the explicitly correlated multi-reference configuration interaction (MRCI-F12) method, and Franck-Condon factors between the two states, which include anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation, with the aim of testing the assignment of the recently reported single-vibronic-level (SVL) emission spectrum of HPS [R. Grimminger, D. J. Clouthier, R. Tarroni, Z. Wang, and T. J. Sears, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174306 (2013)]. These are the highest level calculations on these states yet reported. It is concluded that our spectral simulation supports the assignments of the molecular carrier, the electronic states involved and the vibrational structure of the experimental laser induced fluorescence, and SVL emission spectra proposed by Grimminger et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174306 (2013)]. However, there remain questions unanswered regarding the relative electronic energies of the two states and the geometry of the excited state of HPS.
    The Journal of chemical physics. 05/2014; 140(19):194311.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have carried out high-level ab initio calculations on AlH2 and its anion, as well as Franck-Condon factor calculations, which include anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation, to simulate the photodetachment spectrum of AlH2 (-), with the aim of assigning the very recently reported photodetachment spectrum of AlH2 (-) [X. Zhang, H. Wang, E. Collins, A. Lim, G. Ganteför, B. Kiran, H. Schnöckel, B. Eichhorn, and K. Bowen, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 124303 (2013)]. However, our simulated spectra do not support the assignment of the reported experimental spectrum to AlH2 (-).
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 07/2013; 139(1):014301. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Geometry optimization and harmonic vibrational frequency calculations have been carried out on the X̃(2)A(') state of P(2)H and the X̃(1)A(') state of P(2)H(-) using the restricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation [RCCSD(T)] and explicitly correlated unrestricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation [UCCSD(T)-F12x] methods. For RCCSD(T) calculations, basis sets of up to the augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quintuple-zeta (aug-cc-pV5Z) quality were employed, and contributions from extrapolation to the complete basis set limit and from core correlation of the P 2s(2)2p(6) electrons were also included. For UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations, different atomic orbital basis sets of triple-zeta quality with different associated complementary auxiliary basis sets and different geminal Slater exponents were used. When the P 2s(2)2p(6) core electrons were correlated in these F12x calculations, appropriate core-valence basis sets were employed. In addition, potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X̃(2)A(') state of P(2)H and the X̃(1)A(') state of P(2)H(-) were computed at different RCCSD(T) and UCCSD(T)-F12x levels, and were used in variational calculations of anharmonic vibrational wavefunctions, which were then utilized to calculate Franck-Condon factors (FCFs) between these two states, employing a method which includes allowance for anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation. The photodetachment spectrum of P(2)H(-) was then simulated using the computed FCFs. Simulated spectra obtained using the RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pV5Z and UCCSD(T)-F12x(x = a or b)/aug-cc-pCVTZ PEFs are compared and found to be essentially identical. Based on the computed FCFs, a more detailed assignment of the observed vibrational structure than previously reported, which includes "hot bands," has been proposed. Comparison between simulated and available experimental spectra has been made, and the currently most reliable sets of equilibrium geometrical parameters for P(2)H and its anion have been derived. The photodetachment spectrum of P(2)D, yet to be recorded, has also been simulated.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 09/2011; 135(12):124312. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: RCCSD(T) and UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations were performed on AsX(n) molecules, where X = H, F or Cl, and n = 1, 2 or 3, and related species, in order to evaluate their enthalpies of formation (ΔH(f)(Ø)). The recommended ΔH(f)(Ø) values obtained from the present investigation are AsH, 57.7(2); AsF, -7.9(3); AsCl, 27.2(4); AsH(2), 39.8(4); AsF(2), -96.6(9); AsCl(2), -17.8(10); AsH(3), 17.1(4); AsF(3)-196.0(5) and AsCl(3), -59.1(27) kcal mole(-1). These values are anchored only on one thermodynamic quantity, namely, ΔH(f)(Ø)(As) (= 70.3 kcal mole(-1)). In the calculations, the fully-relativistic small-core effective core potential (ECP10MDF) was used for As. Contributions from outer core correlation of As 3d(10) electrons were computed explicitly in both RCCSD(T) and UCCSD(T)-F12 calculations with additional tight basis functions designed for As 3d(10) electrons. Basis sets of up to augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quintuple-zeta (aug-cc-pV5Z) quality were used in RCCSD(T) calculations and computed relative electronic energies were extrapolated to the complete basis set (CBS) limit. For the simplified, explicitly correlated UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations, basis sets of up to quadruple-zeta (QZ) quality were employed. Based on the RCCSD(T)/CBS benchmark values, the reliability of available theoretical and experimental values have been assessed.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 05/2011; 13(20):9540-53. · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Isoflavones are main bioactive components of Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi. Puerarin has been used as the marker compound in herb quality evaluation in the Chinese Pharmacopoiea. However, it is also important to include the other isoflavones present in the herb, such as daidzin, daidzein, genistin and genistein, in the evaluation as they also contribute to the overall bioactivity of the herb. To develop a rapid and reliable method for simultaneous quantitation of isoflavones for P. lobata herb quality evluation. The chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent rapid resolution liquid chromatographic system through gradient elution. The developed method for the quantification of puerarin, daidzin, daidzein, genistin and genistein was fully validated. When it was applied to analyse the extracts of P. lobata, baseline separation was obtained within 10 min. The amounts of puerarin, daidzin, daidzein and genistin varied greatly among the samples although their chromatographic fingerprints were similar to each other. The 19 samples studied were classified into three clusters (I-III) by principal component analysis based on the amounts of puerarin, daidzin, daidzein and genistin. The classification result can be related to herbal origins, but the classification outcome from the chromatographic fingerprinting similarity approach did not provide any geographical origin information. This shows that bioactive constituents can reflect the intrinsic quality of P. lobata more accurately.
    Phytochemical Analysis 04/2011; 22(6):503-8. · 2.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The currently most reliable theoretical estimates of the adiabatic ionization energies (AIE(0)) from the X̃(2)B(1) state of AsCl(2) to the X̃(1)A(1) and ã(3)B(1) states of AsCl 2+, and the electron affinity (EA(0)) of AsCl(2) , including ΔZPE corrections, are calculated as 8.687(11), 11.320(23), and 1.845(12) eV, respectively (estimated uncertainties based on basis-set effects at the RCCSD(T) level). State-of-the-art ab initio calculations, which include RCCSD(T), CASSCF/MRCI, and explicitly correlated RHF/UCCSD(T)-F12x (x = a or b) calculations with basis sets of up to quintuple-zeta quality, have been carried out on the X̃(2)B(1) state of AsCl(2) , the X̃(1)A(1) , ã(3)B(1) , and Ã(1)B(1) states of AsCl 2+, and the X̃(1)A(1) state of AsCl 2-. Relativistic, core correlation and complete basis-set (CBS) effects have been considered. In addition, computed UCCSD(T)-F12a potential energy functions of relevant electronic states of AsCl(2) , AsCl (2)(+), and AsCl( 2)(-) were used to calculate Franck-Condon factors, which were then used to simulate the valence photoelectron spectrum of AsCl(2) and the photodetachment spectrum of AsCl (2)(-), both yet to be recorded. Lastly, we have also computed the AIE and EA values for NCl(2) , PCl(2) , and AsCl(2) at the G4 level and for SbCl(2) at the RCCSD(T)/CBS level. The trends in the AIE and EA values of the group V pnictogen dichlorides, PnCl(2) , where Pn = N, P, As, and Sb, were examined. The AIE and EA of PCl(2) were found to be smaller than those of AsCl(2) , contrary to the order expected from the IE values of P and As.
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 02/2011; 32(8):1648 - 1660. · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems. 01/2011; 107(1):98-105.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The currently most reliable theoretical estimates of the adiabatic ionization energies (AIE0) from the X2B1 state of AsCl2 to the X1A1 and ã3B1 states of AsCl 2+, and the electron affinity (EA0) of AsCl2, including ΔZPE corrections, are calculated as 8.687(11), 11.320(23), and 1.845(12) eV, respectively (estimated uncertainties based on basis‐set effects at the RCCSD(T) level). State‐of‐the‐art ab initio calculations, which include RCCSD(T), CASSCF/MRCI, and explicitly correlated RHF/UCCSD(T)‐F12x (x = a or b) calculations with basis sets of up to quintuple‐zeta quality, have been carried out on the X2B1 state of AsCl2, the X1A1, ã3B1, and Ã1B1 states of AsCl 2+, and the X1A1 state of AsCl 2−. Relativistic, core correlation and complete basis‐set (CBS) effects have been considered. In addition, computed UCCSD(T)‐F12a potential energy functions of relevant electronic states of AsCl2, AsCl 2+, and AsCl 2− were used to calculate Franck–Condon factors, which were then used to simulate the valence photoelectron spectrum of AsCl2 and the photodetachment spectrum of AsCl 2−, both yet to be recorded. Lastly, we have also computed the AIE and EA values for NCl2, PCl2, and AsCl2 at the G4 level and for SbCl2 at the RCCSD(T)/CBS level. The trends in the AIE and EA values of the group V pnictogen dichlorides, PnCl2, where Pn = N, P, As, and Sb, were examined. The AIE and EA of PCl2 were found to be smaller than those of AsCl2, contrary to the order expected from the IE values of P and As. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2011
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 01/2011; 32:1648-1660. · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: RCCSD(T) and/or CASSCF/MRCI calculations were carried out on the X(2)B(1) state of AsF(2), the X(1)A(1), ã(3)B(1) and A(1)B(1) states of AsF(2)(+), and the X(1)A(1) state of AsF(2)(-) employing the fully-relativistic small-core effective core potential (ECP10MDF) for As and basis sets of up to augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quintuple-zeta (aug-cc-pV5Z) quality. Minimum-energy geometrical parameters and relative electronic energies were evaluated, including contributions from extrapolation to the complete basis set limit and from outer core correlation of the As 3d(10) electrons. In addition, simplified, explicitly correlated RHF/UCCSD(T)-F12x calculations were also performed employing different atomic orbital basis sets, and associated complementary auxiliary and density-fitting basis sets. The best theoretical estimates of the adiabatic ionization energies (AIE(0)) of AsF(2)(X(2)B(1)) to the X(1)A(1) and ã(3)B(1) states of AsF(2)(+), including corrections for zero-point vibrational energy (DeltaZPE), are 9.099(8) and 13.290(22) eV respectively. The best estimated electron affinity (EA(0)) of AsF(2) is 1.182(16) eV, also including Delta(ZPE). These are currently the most reliable AIE(0) and EA(0) values for AsF(2). Potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X(2)B(1) state of AsF(2), the X(1)A(1) and ã(3)B(1) states of AsF(2)(+) and X(1)A(1) state of AsF(2)(-) were computed at RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pV5Z, RCCSD(T)/aug-cc-pCV5Z and RHF/UCCSD(T)-F12a/aug-cc-pCVTZ levels. These PEFs were employed in variational calculations of anharmonic vibrational wavefunctions, which were then utilised to calculate Franck-Condon factors (FCFs), using a method which includes allowance for anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation. The computed FCFs were used to simulate the first two bands in the photoelectron spectrum of AsF(2) and the first band in the photodetachment spectrum of AsF(2)(-), both yet to be recorded. The simulated spectra obtained using different sets of PEFs were found to be almost identical, suggesting that the simplified explicitly correlated UCCSD(T)-F12x method with a relatively small basis set can be a reliable alternative to the conventional RCCSD(T) correlation methods with a relatively large basis set, but at a significantly lower cost.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 08/2010; 12(31):9075-87. · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Restricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation {RCCSD(T)} calculations were carried out on the X (2)B(1) and A (2)A(1) states of AsH(2) employing the fully relativistic small-core effective core potential (ECP10MDF) for As and basis sets of up to the augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quintuple-zeta (aug-cc-pV5Z) quality. Minimum-energy geometrical parameters and relative electronic energies were evaluated, including contributions from extrapolation to the complete basis set limit and from outer core correlation of the As 3d(10) electrons employing additional tight 4d3f2g2h functions designed for As. In addition, simplified, explicitly correlated CCSD(T)-F12 calculations were also performed employing different atomic orbital basis sets of up to aug-cc-pVQZ quality, and associated complementary auxiliary and density-fitting basis sets. The best theoretical estimate of the relative electronic energy of the A (2)A(1) state of AsH(2) relative to the X (2)B(1) state including zero-point energy correction (T(0)) is 19,954(32) cm(-1), which agrees very well with available experimental T(0) values of 19,909.4531(18) and 19,909.4910(17) cm(-1) obtained from recent laser induced fluorescence and cavity ringdown absorption spectroscopic studies. In addition, potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X (2)B(1) and A (2)A(1) states of AsH(2) were computed at different RCCSD(T) and CCSD(T)-F12 levels. These PEFs were used in variational calculations of anharmonic vibrational wave functions, which were then utilized to calculate Franck-Condon factors (FCFs) between these two states, using a method which includes allowance for anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation. The A(0,0,0)-X single vibronic level (SVL) emission spectrum of AsH(2) was simulated using these computed FCFs. Comparison between simulated and available experimental vibrationally resolved spectra of the A(0,0,0)-X SVL emission of AsH(2), which consist essentially of the bending (2(n)) series, suggests that there is a significant loss in intensity in the low emission energy region of the experimental spectrum.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 06/2010; 132(23):234309. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 30(22).
  • Article: High-level
    Journal of Computational Chemistry. 01/2010; 31:476-491.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using whole chromatographic profiles and measurements of total bioactivity as input, a quantitative pattern-activity relationship (QPAR) approach is proposed as a general method for providing two pieces of crucial information about complex bioactive mixtures available: (i) a model for predicting total bioactivity from the chromatographic fingerprint and (ii) the features in the chromatographic profile responsible for the bioactivity. While the first piece of information is already available through existing approaches, the second one results from our ability to remove dominant features in the chromatographic fingerprints which mask the components specifically related to pharmacological activity. Our targeted approach makes information about bioactivity available at the molecular level and provides possibilities for assessment of herbal medicine (HM) possible beyond just authentication and total bioactivity. As an example, the antioxidant property of the HM Radix Puerariae lobatae is measured through its reducing power toward a ferric ion complex. A partial least-squares (PLS) model is created to predict the antioxidant activity from the chromatographic fingerprint. Using the antioxidant activity as a target, the most discriminatory projection in the multivariate space spanned by the chromatographic profiles is revealed. From this target-projected component, the chromatographic regions most strongly connected to antioxidant activity are identified using the so-called selectivity ratio (SR) plot. The results are validated by prediction of samples not included in the modeling step.
    Analytical Chemistry 08/2009; 81(17):7217-25. · 5.82 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CCSD(T) and/or CASSCF/MRCI calculations have been carried out on the X(1)A' and A(1)A'' states of HGeCl. The fully relativistic effective core potential, ECP10MDF, and associated standard valence basis sets of up to the aug-cc-pV5Z quality were employed for Ge. Contributions from core correlation and extrapolation to the complete basis set limit were included in determining the computed equilibrium geometrical parameters and relative electronic energy of these two states of HGeCl. Based on the currently, most systematic CCSD(T) calculations performed in this study, the best theoretical geometrical parameters of the X(1)A' state are r(e)(HGe) = 1.580 +/- 0.001 A, theta(e) = 93.88 +/- 0.01 degrees and r(e)(GeCl) = 2.170 +/- 0.001 A. In addition, Franck-Condon factors including allowance for anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation between these two states of HGeCl and DGeCl were calculated employing CCSD(T) and CASSCF/MRCI potential energy functions, and were used to simulate A(1)A'' --> X(1)A' SVL emission spectra of HGeCl and DGeCl. The iterative Franck-Condon analysis (IFCA) procedure was carried out to determine the equilibrium geometrical parameters of the A(1)A'' state of HGeCl by matching the simulated, and available experimental SVL emission spectra of HGeCl and DGeCl of Tackett et al., J Chem Phys 2006, 124, 124320, using the available, estimated experimental equilibrium (r(e)(z)) structure for the X(1)A' state, while varying the equilibrium geometrical parameters of the A(1)A'' state systematically. Employing the derived IFCA geometry of r(e)(HGe) = 1.590 A, r(e)(GeCl) = 2.155 A and theta(e)(HGeCl) = 112.7 degrees for the A(1)A'' state of HGeCl in the spectral simulation, the simulated absorption and SVL emission spectra of HGeCl and DGeCl agree very well with the available experimental LIF and SVL emission spectra, respectively.
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 06/2009; 31(3):476-91. · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Puerarin nanoparticles were firstly prepared in the process of solution-enhanced dispersion by supercritical CO(2) (SEDS) and then successfully microencapsulated by poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) in a modified SEDS process. By adding an organic non-solvent, an initial puerarin solution with a higher degree of saturation and lower concentration was obtained and applied in the SEDS process. The resulting puerarin nanoparticles were then suspended in PLLA solution and microencapsulated by PLLA in a modified SEDS process, where an 'injector' was employed in the particle suspension delivery system. The puerarin nanoparticles exhibited a good spherical shape, a smooth surface and a narrow particle size distribution with a mean particle size of 188 nm. After microencapsulation the puerarin-PLLA microparticles had a mean size of 675 nm, a drug load of 23.6% and an encapsulation efficiency of 39.4%; after a burst release at the first stage, the drug was released in a sustained process. Compared with the parallel study of a co-precipitation process, this microencapsulation process is a much more promising technique to prepare a drug-polymer carrier for a drug delivery system, especially for protein drugs.
    Acta biomaterialia 06/2009; 5(8):2913-9. · 5.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: RCCSD(T) and/or CASSCF/MRCI calculations have been carried out on the X̃1A′ and Ã1A′′ states of HSiCl employing basis sets of up to the aug-cc-pV5Z quality. Contributions from core correlation and extrapolation to the complete basis set limit were included in determining the computed equilibrium geometrical parameters and relative electronic energy of these two states of HSiCl. Franck−Condon factors which include allowance for anharmonicity and Duschinsky rotation between these two states of HSiCl and DSiCl were calculated employing RCCSD(T) and CASSCF/MRCI potential energy functions, and were used to simulate the Ã1A′′ ← X̃1A′ absorption and Ã1A′′ → X̃1A′ single vibronic level (SVL) emission spectra of HSiCl and DSiCl. Simulated absorption and experimental LIF spectra, and simulated and observed Ã1A′′(0,0,0) → X̃1A′ SVL emission spectra, of HSiCl and DSiCl are in very good agreement. However, agreement between simulated and observed Ã1A′′(0,1,0) → X̃1A′ and Ã1A′′(0,2,1) → X̃1A′ SVL emission spectra of DSiCl is not as good. Preliminary calculations on low-lying excited states of HSiCl suggest that vibronic interaction between low-lying vibrational levels of the Ã1A′′ state and highly excited vibrational levels of the ã3A′′ is possible. Such vibronic interaction may change the character of the low-lying vibrational levels of the Ã1A′′ state, which would lead to perturbation in the SVL emission spectra from these vibrational levels.
    Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation - J CHEM THEORY COMPUT. 03/2009; 5(3).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Systematic comparative research was conducted on essential oils from eight traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) of pungent flavor and cool nature because the essential oils are the main active ingredients of herbs of this kind. The work was based on their component analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), on their retention indices, as well as on chemometric resolution methods. A total of 144 compounds were tentatively identified, accounting for 69.0% to 91.8% of the total essential oils. It is worth noting that there are 67 compounds in at least three of these eight essential oils. Moreover, many biologically active compounds, such as hexanal, alpha-pinene, camphene, beta-pinene, p-cymene, limonene, eucalyptol, (Z)-ocimene, gamma-terpinene, camphor, p-menthone, 4-terpineol, alpha-terpineol, carvone, eugenol, caryophyllene, beta-farnesene, alpha-curcumene, beta-selinene, delta-cadinene, caryophyllene oxide, cedrol, n-hexadecanoic acid, benzaldehyde, benzeneacetaldehyde, phthalic acid diisobutyl ester, linoleic acid, tetradecanoic acid, (Z,Z,Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, eucalyptol, pentadecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, linoleic acid methyl ester, exist in at least four of the eight essential oils. These results might help us to understand why the eight herbs are all of pungent flavor and cool nature according to the theory of TCM, and may provide a useful chemical basis for future research on herbs of this kind.
    Journal of Separation Science 03/2009; 32(4):660-70. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Restricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation {RCCSD(T)} potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X(2)B2 state of ScO2 and the 1A1 state of ScO2(-) were computed, employing the augmented correlation-consistent polarized-weighted core-valence quadruple-zeta (aug-cc-pwCVQZ) basis set for Sc and augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quadruple-zeta (aug-cc-pVQZ) basis set for O, and with the outer core Sc 3s(2)3p(6) electrons being explicitly correlated. Franck-Condon factors, which include allowance for Duschinsky rotation and anharmonicity, were calculated using the computed RCCSD(T) PEFs, and were used to simulate the first photodetachment band of ScO2(-). The simulated spectrum matches well with the corresponding experimental 355 nm photodetachment spectrum of Wu and Wang, J Phys Chem A 1998, 102, 9129, confirming the assignment of the photodetachment spectrum and the reliability of the RCCSD(T) PEFs used. Further calculations on low-lying electronic states of ScO2 gave adiabatic relative electronic energies (T(e)'s) of, and vertical excitation energies (T(v)'s) to, the 2A1, 2B1, and 2A2 states of ScO2 (from the X(2)B2 state of ScO2), as well as electron affinities (EAs) and vertical detachment energies (VDEs) to these neutral states from the 1A1 state of ScO2(-).
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 02/2009; 30(3):337-45. · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new, rapid analytical method using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was developed to differentiate two species of Radix puerariae (GG), Pueraria lobata (YG) and Pueraria thomsonii (FG), and to determine the contents of puerarin, daidzin and total isoflavonoid in the samples. Five isoflavonoids, puerarin, daidzin, daidzein, genistin and genistein were analyzed simultaneously by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). The total isoflavonoid content was exploited as critical parameter for successful discrimination of the two species. Scattering effect and baseline shift in the NIR spectra were corrected and the spectral features were enhanced by several pre-processing methods. By using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and soft independent modeling class analogy (SIMCA), samples were separated successfully into two different clusters corresponding to the two GG species. Furthermore, sensitivity and specificity of the classification models were determined to evaluate the performance. Finally, partial least squares (PLS) regression was used to build the correlation models. The results showed that the correlation coefficients of the prediction models are R=0.970 for the puerarin, R=0.939 for daidzin and R=0.969 for total isoflavonoid. The outcome showed that NIRS can serve as routine screening in the quality control of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM).
    Journal of Chromatography A 02/2009; 1216(11):2130-5. · 4.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Restricted-spin coupled-cluster single-double plus perturbative triple excitation {RCCSD(T)} potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X[combining tilde]1A1 state of HfO2 and the X[combining tilde]2A1 state of HfO2- were computed, employing the quasi-relativistic effective core potential, ECP60MWB, and an associated contracted [13s6p6d4f3g2h] basis set designed for Hf, and the augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quadruple-zeta (aug-cc-pVQZ) basis set for O. Based on the differences between the computed r0 and re geometrical parameters obtained from the PEF, and available experimentally derived r0 geometrical parameters of the X[combining tilde]1A1 state of HfO2, the experimental re geometrical parameters of the X[combining tilde]1A1 state of HfO2 were estimated as:-re(HfO)=1.7751 A and thetae(OHfO)=107.37 degrees. In addition, Franck-Condon factors for the HfO2 (X[combining tilde]1A1)+e<--HfO2- (X[combining tilde]2A1) electron detachment process, which include allowance for Duschinsky rotation and anharmonicity, were calculated using the computed RCCSD(T) PEFs, and were used to simulate the HfO2 (X[combining tilde]1A1)+e<--HfO2- (X[combining tilde]2A1) photodetachment band of HfO2-. Employing the estimated experimental re geometrical parameters of the X[combining tilde]1A1 state of HfO2 obtained in this work, the iterative Franck-Condon analysis (IFCA) procedure was carried out to optimize the geometrical parameters of the X[combining tilde]2A1 state of HfO2- until the simulated spectrum matched best with the experimental 355 nm photodetachment spectrum of W. Zheng, et. al., J. Phys. Chem. A, 1998, 102, 9129. The equilibrium geometrical parameters of X[combining tilde]2A1 state of HfO2- derived via the IFCA procedure are re(HfO)=1.823 A and thetae(OHfO)=111.5 degrees. Further calculations on low-lying triplet states of HfO2 gave adiabatic electronic energies (Te's) of, and vertical excitation energies (Tvert's) to, the ã 3B2, b[combining tilde]3B1, c[combining tilde]3A1 and d[combining tilde]3A2 states of HfO2 (from the X[combining tilde]1A1 state of HfO2), as well as electron affinities (EAs) and vertical detachment energies (VDEs) to these neutral states from the X[combining tilde]2A1 state of HfO2-.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 01/2009; 10(48):7270-7. · 4.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

844 Citations
296.36 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996–2014
    • The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
      • Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • 2011
    • Changsha Railway University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 1998–2008
    • University of Southampton
      • • Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences
      • • Division of Chemistry
      Southampton, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 2007
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2003–2007
    • Central South University
      • Research Center of Modernization of Chinese Medicines
      Changsha, Hunan, China
    • University of Science and Technology of China
      • Department of Chemistry
      Hefei, Anhui Sheng, China
    • Hunan University
      • College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
      Changsha, Hunan, China
  • 2005
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2004
    • Laboratory of Plasma Physics
      Paliseau, Île-de-France, France
    • The University of Hong Kong
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong