M Van de Velde

Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven, Louvain, Flanders, Belgium

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Publications (146)303.47 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is often said that regional anesthesia is the practice of applied anatomy. Therefore, it is fitting that on the occasion of his 500th birthday, we celebrate the life and work of the brilliant Flemish anatomist, Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), the founder of modern anatomy.
    Regional anesthesia and pain medicine. 11/2014; 39(6):450-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Accidental dural puncture (ADP) and post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) are important complications of obstetric regional anesthesia. Inserting the catheter intrathecally after ADP to prevent PDPH has gained popularity. Nonetheless, data on the effect of an intrathecal catheter on PDPH and epidural blood patch (EBP) rates are mixed. Our primary objective was to examine if spinal catheterization reduces the incidence of PDPH after ADP in obstetric patients.Methods Anesthetic records of 29,749 regional blocks performed between January 1997 and July 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. In all blocks containing an epidural component, 18-gauge epidural needles were used. All patients who experienced a witnessed ADP or PDPH without ADP were identified. Data from patients with or without a prolonged spinal catheter were compared.ResultsThere were 128 events of witnessed ADP (0.43%). Following known ADP, 39 women had an epidural catheter placed at a different level and 89 had an intrathecal catheter (20-gauge) for at least 24 h. Sixty-one patients developed PDPH after observed ADP (48%). Prolonged intrathecal catheter placement significantly reduced the incidence of PDPH after ADP to 42% compared with 62% in those who have the catheter re-sited epidurally [odds ratio = 2.3 (95% confidence interval 1.04–4.86); P = 0.04].Conclusions The incidence of ADP, PDPH and blood patching is similar with previously published studies. After witnessed ADP, inserting the epidural catheter intrathecally significantly reduced the incidence of PDPH.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 11/2014; 58(10). · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tranexamic acid is effective in reducing blood loss during various types of surgery and after trauma. No compelling evidence has yet been presented for post-partum haemorrhage. A systematic literature search of relevant databases was performed to identify trials that assessed blood loss and transfusion incidence after tranexamic acid administration for post-partum haemorrhage. The random effects model was used for meta-analysis. Risk ratios (RRs) and weighted mean differences (WMDs) were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Seven trials with a low risk of bias comparing tranexamic acid vs. placebo with a total of 1760 parturients were included in our systematic review and meta-analysis. Blood loss was significantly lower after tranexamic acid use (WMD -140.29 ml, 95% CI -189.64 to -90.93 ml; P < 0.00001). Tranexamic acid reduced the risk for blood transfusions (RR 0.34, 95% CI 0.20-0.60, P = 0.0001). The incidence of transfusions in the placebo group varied between 1.4% and 33%. When omitting the two trials with the highest incidence of transfusions, the RR was no longer significant. Additional uterotonics were necessary in the placebo groups; gastrointestinal adverse events were more common after tranexamic acid use. Only four cases of thrombosis were found, two each in the tranexamic acid and control groups. Tranexamic acid effectively reduced post-partum blood loss; the effect on the incidence of blood transfusions requires further studies. Only few trials observed adverse events including thromboembolic complications and seizures.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 07/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative anxiety at induction and postoperative emergence delirium (ED) in children are associated with postoperative behavioral changes and adjustment disorders. This study's aim is to assess the value of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) score in order to predict anxiety during induction and emergence delirium after anesthesia in children undergoing elective day-care surgery.
    Minerva anestesiologica 05/2014; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because of the extensive variability in paracetamol clearance in young women, published data were pooled with newly collected observations in search of covariates of paracetamol pharmacokinetics (PK) within this specific population. PK estimates and clinical characteristics [pregnant, weight, exposure to oral contraceptives (OC)] in young women following IV loading dose (2 g paracetamol) were pooled, using a non-compartmental linear disposition model in individual time-concentration profiles. Data were reported by median and range. Rank correlation was used to link clearance (l/h) to weight, Mann Whitney U test to compare clearance (l/h.m-2) between subgroups (pregnant, OC exposure). Finally, a multiple regression model with clearance (l/h) in all women and all non-pregnant women was performed. Based on 73 paracetamol PK estimates, a 8-fold variability in clearance (range 7.1-62.2 l/h) was documented, in part explained by a correlation (r2=0.36) between clearance (l/h) and weight. Clearance (l/h and l/h.m-2) and distribution volume (l) at delivery (n=36) were higher compared to non-pregnant observations. In non-pregnant women, women on OC (n=20) had a higher paracetamol clearance (l/h.m-2) compared to women (n=17) not on OC (p = 0.023). Weight (p = 0.0043) and pregnancy (p = 0.02) were independent variables (r=0.56) of paracetamol clearance (l/h). In non-pregnant women, weight (p = 0.009) and OC exposure (p = 0.03) were independent variables (r=0.51). Weight, pregnancy and OC result in higher clearance of IV paracetamol in young women. Besides compound specific relevance, these findings also unveil covariates of drug metabolism in young women.
    European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 03/2014; 18(5):599-604. · 1.09 Impact Factor
  • Y Peeters, M Van de Velde, A P Neyrinck, K Vermeylen
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    ABSTRACT: One lung ventilation (OLV) in children is a challenge and requires creative solutions. A case of OLV with bronchial placement of a fiberscope inspection-guided vascular embolectomy catheter in a three-year-old girl, scheduled for the resection of an intrathoracic tumor through thoracotomy is described. The availability of a broad range of vascular catheters as well as of fiberscope inspection material was decisive in managing the airway intra-operatively. Over the last 20 years, the need for OLV in children has increased, and various methods for performing it have been reported. Knowing all existing strategies in that domain is important to provide optimal perioperative care. In this paper, several methods of OLV in children will be discussed, such as selective endobronchial intubation, types of bronchial blockers, Univent tube, pediatric double lumen tubes, as well as the Marraro double lumen tube.
    Acta anaesthesiologica Belgica 01/2014; 65(1):45-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacokinetic estimates for intravenous paracetamol in individual adult cohorts are different to a certain extent, and understanding the covariates of these differences may guide dose individualization. In order to assess covariate effects of intravenous paracetamol disposition in adults, pharmacokinetic data on discrete studies were pooled.
    BMC Anesthesiology 01/2014; 14:77. · 1.19 Impact Factor
  • Obstetric Anesthesia Digest 01/2014; 34(1):4-5.
  • G Dewinter, K Allegaert, M van de Velde
    Minerva anestesiologica 10/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Observational studies suggest that combined spinal-epidural analgesia (CSE) is associated with more reliable positioning, lower epidural catheter replacement rates, and a lower incidence of unilateral block compared with epidural analgesia. However, evidence from high-quality trials still needs to be assessed systematically. We performed a systematic review that included 10 randomised controlled trials comparing CSE and epidural analgesia in 1722 labouring women in labour. The relative risk of unilateral block was significantly reduced after CSE vs epidural analgesia (0.48, 95% CI 0.24-0.97), but significant between-study heterogeneity was present (I(2) = 69%, p = 0.01). No differences were found for rates of epidural catheter replacement, epidural top-up, and epidural vein cannulation. On the basis of current best evidence, a consistent benefit of CSE over epidural analgesia cannot be demonstrated for the outcomes assessed in our review. A large randomised controlled trial with adequate power is required.
    Anaesthesia 10/2013; · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • International journal of obstetric anesthesia 10/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) remains a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The odds for PPH were about eight times higher following general anaesthesia compared with neuraxial anaesthesia in a recent retrospective study. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of type of anaesthesia (general vs. neuraxial) on estimated blood loss and transfusion requirements after caesarean section. A systematic literature search was performed. The quality of eligible reports was assessed using the Oxford Quality Scale. Data were subjected to meta-analysis using the random effects model. The search identified 18 articles including 12,330 parturients. Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) found a significant difference in blood loss, favouring neuraxial anaesthesia (spinal and epidural) when comparing with general anaesthesia {weighted mean difference -106.11 ml [95% confidence interval (CI) -209.80, -2.42 ml], P = 0.04}. In further analyses, we found a significant difference after epidural compared with general anaesthesia but not after spinal compared with general anaesthesia. Based on RCTs, there was no significantly increased risk of blood transfusions with general anaesthesia. Analysis of non-randomised studies found a significantly higher transfusion requirement after general anaesthesia (risk ratio 5.06, 95% CI 2.47-10.36, P < 0.00001). The incidence of hypotension and the amount of fluid given were higher in the neuraxial anaesthesia groups. General anaesthesia is associated with a higher blood loss than neuraxial anaesthesia. However, based on high-quality studies, the need for blood transfusion was not greater. The higher blood loss with general anaesthesia is therefore of uncertain clinical relevance.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 09/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In labour analgesia, the combination of epidural clonidine and neostigmine as adjuvants to local anaesthetics and opioids is under investigation to provide a longer duration of initial spinal analgesia with local anaesthetics and/or opioids. To evaluate the quality of analgesia with epidural neostigmine and clonidine, added to initial spinal analgesia, and to test the hypothesis that the incidence of breakthrough pain could be reduced and patient satisfaction improved. Randomised double-blind controlled trial. University Hospital of Leuven in Belgium. One hundred healthy, term (≥37 weeks) parturients. All patients received initial spinal analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil. Fifteen minutes after spinal injection, 10 ml of a solution containing neostigmine 500 μg and clonidine 75 μg, or 10 ml physiological saline alone was injected epidurally. Patient-controlled analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil was then made available. The incidence of breakthrough pain, patient satisfaction and hourly ropivacaine use. Ropivacaine use decreased significantly by 32.6% in the neostigmine/clonidine (NC) group [11.6 ± 4.2 vs. 17.2 ± 5.3 mg h in the NC group and placebo (P) group, respectively] and a significant difference in breakthrough pain was noted; only 3% in group NC had breakthrough pain compared with 36% in group P. Patient satisfaction was better after 1 h in group NC compared with group P (P <0.05) but not different after 24 h (visual analogue scale score 97 ± 5 vs. 88 ± 11 mm after 1 h; 92 ± 10 vs. 90 ± 14 mm after 24 h). The administration of epidural clonidine and neostigmine as adjuvants, following spinal injection of local anaesthetic, improves the quality of analgesia with less ropivacaine consumption, higher patient satisfaction 1 h after administration and a decrease in breakthrough pain compared to standard combined spinal and epidural analgesia and patient-controlled epidural analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil.
    European Journal of Anaesthesiology 08/2013; · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • M Heesen, S Klöhr, R Rossaint, M van de Velde, S Straube
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Accidental dural puncture (ADP) after epidural analgesia (EDA) for labor pain may cause severe postdural puncture headache (PDPH) and may prolong hospital stay. We aimed to identify techniques that reduce the incidence of ADP. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed. Data on the occurrence of ADP and PDPH were extracted and subjected to meta-analysis. The random effects model was applied. Risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: We identified 54 articles, 13 non-randomized controlled trials and 41 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), reporting on a total of 98,869 patients. In non-RCTs, the use of liquid for the identification of the epidural space was associated with a reduced risk of ADP compared to the use of air (RR 0.55, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.79, p=0.001). In our analysis of RCTs this comparison did not produce a significant difference. No effect was found for combined spinal-epidural analgesia, maternal position, type of the catheter, needle size, bevel direction, operator experience, or use of ultrasound. Conclusions: A reduction of the risk of ADP was found for liquid use for the loss of resistance, but only in lower quality studies. Based on current evidence, we cannot make a recommendation regarding any of the techniques under study. Therefore, clinicians should focus on measures to prevent or treat PDPH once ADP has occurred.
    Minerva anestesiologica 07/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Olmsted syndrome is a rare congenital skin disorder presenting with periorifical hyperkeratotic lesions and mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma, which is often associated with infections of the keratotic area. A recent study identified de novo mutations causing constitutive activation of TRPV3 as a cause of the keratotic manifestations of Olmsted syndrome. METHODS: Genetic, clinical and immunological profiling was performed on a case study patient with the clinical diagnosis of Olmsted syndrome. RESULTS: The patient was found to harbour a previously undescribed 1718G-C transversion in TRPV3, causing a G573A point mutation. In depth clinical and immunological analysis found multiple indicators of immune dysregulation, including frequent dermal infections, inflammatory infiltrate in the affected skin, hyper IgE production and elevated follicular T cells and eosinophils in the peripheral blood. CONCLUSIONS: These results provide the first comprehensive assessment of the immunological features of Olmsted syndrome. The systemic phenotype of hyper IgE and persistent eosinophilia suggest a primary or secondary role of immunological processes in the pathogenesis of Olmsted syndrome, and have important clinical consequences with regard to the treatment of Olmsted syndrome patients.
    Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 05/2013; 8(1):79. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    Karel Allegaert, Marc van de Velde, John van den Anker
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    ABSTRACT: Effective and safe drug administration in neonates should be based on integrated knowledge on the evolving physiological characteristics of the infant who will receive the drug and the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of a given drug. Consequently, clinical pharmacology in neonates is as dynamic and diverse as the neonates we admit to our units while covariates explaining the variability are at least as relevant as median estimates. The unique setting of neonatal clinical pharmacology will be highlighted based on the hazards of simple extrapolation of maturational drug clearance when only based on 'adult' metabolism (propofol, paracetamol). Second, maturational trends are not at the same pace for all maturational processes. This will be illustrated based on the differences between hepatic and renal maturation (tramadol, morphine, midazolam). Finally, pharmacogenetics should be tailored to neonates, not just mirror adult concepts. Because of this diversity, clinical research in the field of neonatal clinical pharmacology is urgently needed and facilitated through PK/PD modeling. In addition, irrespective of already available data to guide pharmacotherapy, pharmacovigilance is needed to recognize specific side effects. Consequently, pediatric anesthesiologists should consider to contribute to improved pharmacotherapy through clinical trial design and collaboration, as well as reporting on adverse effects of specific drugs.
    Pediatric Anesthesia 04/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: /st>Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) provides excellent, but time-limited analgesia. Dexamethasone added to local anaesthetics prolongs the duration of a single-shot ISB. However, systemic glucocorticoids also improve postoperative analgesia. The hypothesis was tested that perineural and i.v. dexamethasone would have an equivalent effect on prolonging analgesic duration of an ISB. METHODS: /st>We performed a prospective, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Patients presenting for arthroscopic shoulder surgery with an ISB were randomized into three groups: ropivacaine 0.5% (R); ropivacaine 0.5% and dexamethasone 10 mg (RD); and ropivacaine 0.5% with i.v. dexamethasone 10 mg (RDiv). The primary outcome was the duration of analgesia, defined as the time between performance of the block and the first analgesic request. Standard hypothesis tests (t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test) were used to compare treatment groups. The primary outcome was analysed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with a log-rank test and Cox's proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: /st>One hundred and fifty patients were included after obtaining ethical committee approval and patient informed consent. The median time of a sensory block was equivalent for perineural and i.v. dexamethasone: 1405 min (IQR 1015-1710) and 1275 min (IQR 1095-2035) for RD and RDiv, respectively. There was a significant difference between the ropivacaine group: 757 min (IQR 635-910) and the dexamethasone groups (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: /st>I.V. dexamethasone is equivalent to perineural dexamethasone in prolonging the analgesic duration of a single-shot ISB with ropivacaine. As dexamethasone is not licensed for perineural use, clinicians should consider i.v. administration of dexamethasone to achieve an increased duration of ISB.
    BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia 04/2013; · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Acta anaesthesiologica Belgica 01/2013; 64(3):97-104.
  • E Depuydt, M Van de Velde
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    ABSTRACT: Epidural analgesia is frequently used for labor. Several authors advocate its use when parturient women are at increased risk for emergency Cesarean delivery. Hereby, the time needed to achieve adequate surgical anesthesia may be shortened and general anesthesia may be avoided. Starting from epidural labor analgesia, the most predominant anesthetic technique for unplanned Cesarean surgery is to top-up the existing epidural catheter. Little consensus can be found in literature about the nature of local anesthetic solution to be used to provide rapid onset and high quality anesthesia for the entire duration of surgery. Women, whose epidural analgesia extension fails either receive a new neuraxial blockade, or receive general anesthesia. We reviewed the medical literature to better define the best methods and choice of products at providing a rapid and adequate surgical anesthesia in parturient women with an epidural catheter in-situ.
    Acta anaesthesiologica Belgica 01/2013; 64(2):61-74.
  • M Van De Velde
    Acta anaesthesiologica Belgica 01/2013; 64(3):95-6.

Publication Stats

932 Citations
303.47 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1970–2014
    • Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven
      • • Department of Gynaecology and obstetrics
      • • Department of Anesthesiology
      Louvain, Flanders, Belgium
  • 1993–2013
    • University of Leuven
      • • Division of Anesthesiology and Algology
      • • Department of Cardiovascular Sciences
      Louvain, Flanders, Belgium
  • 2012
    • Sozialstiftung Bamberg/Klinikum Bamberg
      Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2011
    • Ghent University
      • Department of Organic Chemistry
      Gent, VLG, Belgium
  • 2008
    • Hôpital Antoine-Béclère – Hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Sud
      Clamart, Île-de-France, France
  • 2007
    • Regional Hospital Heilig Hart
      Louvain, Flanders, Belgium
  • 2003
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • Department of Obstetrics
      Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1997
    • University of Münster
      • Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care
      Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany