[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The long-term outcomes of adult patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) after splenectomy are not clear.
We retrospectively analyzed 31 patients who underwent splenectomy after diagnosis of ITP at our institution between 1990 and 2009. Long-term follow-up was defined as a follow-up that lasted 1 year or more from splenectomy to the last follow-up.
The overall response rate to splenectomy was 84%. However, the response rate at 6 and 12 months decreased to 77% and 68%, respectively. During the 6 years of median follow-up after splenectomy, 11 patients (35%) relapsed. The long-term response rate was 55%. The long-term follow-up of 26 patients after responding to splenectomy showed that the median time from splenectomy to relapse was 19 months in the partial response (PR) group; however, there was no relapse after 9 months in the complete response (CR) group. Variables, including age, were not predictive of the long-term response after splenectomy. Additional treatment in patients who did not respond or relapsed after splenectomy was mostly effective. After a median follow-up of 7 years (range: 1-25 years) from the diagnosis, there were 2 deaths, including one due to spontaneous bleeding after repair of duodenal ulcer perforation.
Although splenectomy is safe and effective, the response rate after splenectomy continuously decreases over time. The duration of response is different between the patients that achieved CR and those that achieved PR. Factors, including age, were not predictors of a response to splenectomy.
The Korean journal of hematology 09/2010; 45(3):197-204.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a rare case of a thrombus at the aortic arch found 1 month after cisplatin-based chemotherapy in a 50-year-old patient with a diagnosis of small cell lung cancer; there were no symptoms related to the thrombus. This patient did not have any predisposing factors for the development of an aortic thrombus before the chemotherapy was initiated. After immediate treatment with low molecular weight heparin (enoxaparin), the thrombus improved without any additional complications. Thus, we suggest that a hypercoagulable status possibly created by both the malignancy and cisplatin-based chemotherapy may have played a significant role in the development of the aortic thrombus.
International journal of hematology 06/2010; 91(5):892-6. · 1.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The significant advance in the development of molecular-targeting drugs has made an evaluation of Her-2, EGFR, and cyclin D1 an important clinical issue in breast cancer patients. This study compared the Her-2, EGFR, and cyclin D1 status of primary tumors as well as their matching lymph node metastases using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) in 73 breast cancer patients. Her-2, EGFR, and cyclin D1 protein showed a concordance between the primary lesion and the metastatic regional lymph nodes in 82%, 90%, and 63%, respectively. CISH also revealed 92%, 93%, and 85% concordance in the gene amplification status of Her-2, EGFR, and cyclin D1, showing a reasonable agreement between primary tumors and metastatic regional lymph nodes. Although a statistically significant agreement was found in Her-2 expression, a relatively high discordance rate (18%) raises a little concern. Our findings suggest that the Her-2 status can be reliably assessed on primary tumor but a possible difference can be found in Her-2, EGFR, and cyclin D1 status between the primary and the metastatic sites and this possibility should be concerned in patients considering molecular targeted therapy or patients with progress of disease.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 01/2009; 23(6):1053-61. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the optimal timing for orchiopexy, we evaluated the histological parameters of the cryptorchid testis.
We prospectively performed testicular biopsy in a total of 65 consecutive children with palpable unilateral inguinal cryptorchid testes. For controls, we used testicular histological slides from 15 age-matched children with testicular tumor. To investigate the fertility potential, we analyzed the parameters including mean tubular diameter (MTD), mean tubular fertility index (MTFI), germ cell count/tubule (GCC), Sertoli cell index (SCI) and interstitial fibrosis index (IFI).
The MTFI and GCC in children < or =1 years of age were significantly higher than those of other older age groups. The MTFI, GCC and IFI were significantly better in patients < or =2 years of age when compared to those of > 2 years. Compared to the controls, the MTFI and GCC in the patients were significantly worse in those aged > 2 years at surgical repair. In the < or =2-year age group, the MTFI and GCC of the cryptorchid testis showed a decreasing tendency with age, which were contrasting with the ascending curves in the control and the curves crossed at 1-2 years of age in each parameter.
To protect fertility potential, we recommend, orchiopexy should be performed within the first year of life, and no later than 2 years of age in patients with palpable inguinal cryptorchid testes.
International Journal of Urology 08/2007; 14(7):616-21. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Syphilis is an unexpected diagnosis in the stomach, and the reduced incidence of syphilis has made its clinical presentation less widely appreciated. We report a 43-yr-old man suffering from epigastric tenderness with an initial diagnosis of gastric carcinoma; gastric syphilis was confirmed by demonstrating spirochetes in a gastric biopsy specimen by silver impregnation. Excessive lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with diffuse thickening of gastric rugae should raise suspicion of gastric syphilis, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of diffuse erosive gastritis and infiltrative lesions of the stomach.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 07/2006; 21(3):559-62. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The majority of ocular adnexal lymphomas (OAL) are primary marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (MALT lymphomas). The present study correlated the clinicopathological variables with the histologic subtypes by World Health Organization (WHO) classification with emphasis on MALT lymphomas in OALs of Koreans. There were 68 cases (31 males and 37 females), with a mean age of 45.9 years (range 7-89 years). Histologically, 61 MALT-type, 2 diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL), 2 mantle cell type (MCL), 1 anaplastic large-cell (ALCL), and 2 NK/T-cell lymphomas (NK/T-L) were counted among them. Fifty-seven were primary cases (P-OAL), and 11 were secondary cases (S-OAL). Nearly all P-OALs were MALT lymphomas (n = 56, 98%), with an exception of 1 MCL. Eleven S-OALs included 5 MALT type, 2 DLBCL, 1 ALCL, 1 MCL, and 2 NK/T-L. All MALT lymphoma patients were alive (n = 59) except for 2 after a mean duration of follow-up of 27.6 months (range: 0-108 months): one died of an unrelated cause and one died of recurrence. One non-MALT type P-OAL was alive with no evidence of disease (42 months). Of the 11 S-OAL, 4 had marrow involvement and 5 had progression or relapse outside the orbit. Compared with the other subtypes, MALT lymphoma was more likely to present with local disease (P = 0.001), achieve complete remission (CR) (0.022), and be alive at last follow-up (0.197), and less likely to experience recurrence (P = 0.06). In conclusion, OALs in Koreans are characterized by a preponderance of primary lymphomas over systemic lymphomas, striking predominance of MALT type lymphomas, and young age of occurrence. Histologic subtype by WHO classification has a significant correlation with the final outcome, with the most favorable outcome associated with OALs of the MALT type.
American Journal of Hematology 07/2003; 73(2):87-96. · 4.00 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate prospectively the use of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) for the differentiation of malignant and benign tissue in the transition (TZ) and peripheral (PZ) zones of the prostate diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a phased-array coil.
The DWI at 3-T MRI was performed on a total of 35 patients before radical prostatectomy. A single-shot echo-planar imaging DWI technique with b = 0 and b = 1000 s/mm2 was used. The ADC values were measured in both benign and malignant tissues in the PZ and TZ using regions of interest. Differences between PZ and TZ ADC values were estimated using a paired Student t test. Presumed ADC cutoff values in the PZ and TZ for the diagnosis of cancer were assessed by receiver operating characteristic analysis.
The ADC values of malignant tissues were significantly lower than those of benign tissues in the PZ and TZ (P < 0.001; 1.32 +/- 0.24 x 10(-3) mm2/s vs 1.97 +/- 0.25 x 10(-3) mm2/s, and 1.37 +/- 0.29 x 10(-3) mm2/s vs 1.79 +/- 0.19 x 10(-3) mm2/s, respectively). For tumor diagnosis, cutoff values of 1.67 x 10(-3) mm2/s (PZ) and 1.61 x 10(-3) mm2/s (TZ) resulted in sensitivities and specificities of 94% and 91% and 90% and 84%, respectively.
The DWI of the prostate at 3T MRI using a phased-array coil was useful for the differentiation of malignant and benign tissues in the TZ and PZ.
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 31(3):449-54. · 1.58 Impact Factor