Suefumi Aosasa

National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan

Are you Suefumi Aosasa?

Claim your profile

Publications (23)51.4 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We herein clarified the time course of changes in the serum high mobility group box chromosomal protein-1 (HMGB-1) concentrations in esophageal cancer patients after esophagectomy, and investigated whether the perioperative serum HMGB-1 levels correlate with the administration of neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NACRT) and the postoperative clinical course, especially the occurrence of pulmonary complications, in such patients. Sixty patients who underwent right transthoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer were enrolled in this study. The relationship between the perioperative serum HMGB-1 levels and NACRT, and the postoperative severe pulmonary complications were evaluated. Patients with severe pulmonary complications (n = 44) tended to have undergone NACRT more often than those without severe pulmonary complications (n = 16). The preoperative and postoperative day 7 serum HMGB-1 concentrations were significantly higher in patients with severe pulmonary complications than those in patients without severe pulmonary complications. In the univariate and multivariate analyses, the use of NACRT and the preoperative elevations in the serum HMGB-1 levels (>4.2 ng/mL) were found to be significantly associated with pulmonary dysfunction. Furthermore, the response to NACRT was found to be significantly associated with the preoperative serum HMGB-1 levels. The use of NACRT contributes to preoperative serum HMGB-1 elevation, and these were risk factors for the occurrence of severe postoperative pulmonary complications in patients with esophageal cancer after thoracic esophagectomy.
    Diseases of the Esophagus 09/2014; · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the molecular mechanism of desmoplastic reaction (DR) for providing aggressive tumor characteristics is increasingly recognized, the prognostic role of DR has not been investigated in colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). A pathologic review of 412 patients who underwent hepatectomy for CRLM at 2 independent institutions was conducted. DR in primary tumors was classified as mature, intermediate, or immature on the basis of the existence of keloid-like collagen and myxoid stroma-distinctive histologic products of extracellular matrix remodeling. With respect to DR, 137, 122, and 153 patients were classified as mature, intermediate, and immature, respectively. Immature DRs were associated with higher T and N stages, higher primary tumor grade, synchronous and larger size of liver metastasis, and extrahepatic disease (P≤0.0001 to 0.002). DR significantly influenced the rate of recurrence in extrahepatic sites, including the lung, peritoneum, and local region in the primary tumor (P≤0.0001 to 0.03), rather than the remnant liver. Five-year overall survival rates after hepatectomy were the highest in the mature group (58.9%), followed by intermediate (42.1%) and immature (26.7%) groups. A significant prognostic impact of DR was observed in subset analyses for institutions, primary tumor location, and timing and number of liver metastases. Multivariate analysis revealed that DR was an independent prognostic factor along with T stage of the primary tumor, size of liver metastasis, and extrahepatic disease. Characterizing DR in the primary tumor on the basis of histologic products of cancer-associated fibroblasts is valuable in evaluating prognostic outcome after hepatectomy in CRLM patients.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 05/2014; · 4.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) catalyzes the conversion of free cholesterol (FC) to cholesterol ester, which prevents excess accumulation of FC. We recently found that FC accumulation in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) plays a role in progression of liver fibrosis, but the effect of ACAT1 on liver fibrosis has not been clarified. In this study, we aimed to define the role of ACAT1 in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. ACAT1-deficient and wild-type mice, or Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)(-/-)ACAT1(+/+) and TLR4(-/-)ACAT1(-/-) mice were subjected to bile duct ligation (BDL) for 3 weeks or were given carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 4 weeks to induce liver fibrosis. ACAT1 was the major isozyme in mice and human primary HSCs, and ACAT2 was the major isozyme in mouse primary hepatocytes and Kupffer cells. ACAT1 deficiency significantly exaggerated liver fibrosis in the mouse models of liver fibrosis, without affecting the degree of hepatocellular injury or liver inflammation, including hepatocyte apoptosis or Kupffer cell activation. ACAT1 deficiency significantly increased FC levels in HSCs, augmenting TLR4 protein and downregulating expression of transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) pseudoreceptor Bambi (bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor), leading to sensitization of HSCs to TGFβ activation. Exacerbation of liver fibrosis by ACAT1 deficiency was dependent on FC accumulation-induced enhancement of TLR4 signaling. ACAT1 deficiency exaggerates liver fibrosis mainly through enhanced FC accumulation in HSCs. Regulation of ACAT1 activities in HSCs could be a target for treatment of liver fibrosis.
    Journal of Hepatology 03/2014; · 9.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surgical site infection (SSI), the most frequent adverse event after colorectal surgery, leads to longer hospital days and increased healthcare costs. The development of SSI depends on a complex interplay between patient-related and procedure-related factors. This review refers to the several risk factors for the development of SSI and the risk factor index which were indicated by National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance. Furthermore, this review will focus on the prevention of SSI and refer to colon preparation and preventive antibiotics for colorectal surgery.
    Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 01/2014; 72(1):150-3.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We herein report a case of IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). A 72-year-old male with jaundice visited our hospital complaining of epigastralgia. A blood chemistry analysis revealed elevated serum levels of total bilirubin and DUPAN-II. Computed tomography (CT) revealed irregularly shaped pancreatic masses with a stricture of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) in the head and tail that were interposed by marked atrophy with MPD dilation in the body. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography/CT revealed abnormally intense FDG uptake only at the masses. During surgery, another small tumor was also found in the atrophied body; therefore, a total pancreatectomy was performed under the diagnosis of multiple pancreatic cancers. The histological analysis revealed fibrosis with dense and diffuse infiltrations of lymphocytes and IgG4-positive plasma cells. The pancreatic parenchyma of the body was firmly replaced by fibrosis. AIP can lead to the formation of multiple pancreatic lesions, and thus the correct diagnosis is occasionally difficult to establish in atypical cases.
    Surgery Today 04/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary complications after esophagectomy continue to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Although several factors have been implicated to be associated with pulmonary complications after esophagectomy, the prediction of pulmonary complications remains a challenge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of cytokine levels in sera and pleural drainage fluid for pneumonia and hypo-oxygenations following esophagectomy. METHODS: A total of 66 patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer were retrospectively evaluated for preoperative status, surgical procedures, and postoperative systemic response and laboratory data up to postoperative day (POD) 7. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 levels were also examined in patient sera and pleural drainage fluid until POD 5. RESULTS: Eighteen patients (27.3%) had pneumonia following esophagectomy. Patients with pneumonia had significantly more frequent intraoperative blood transfusions, more frequent re-intubation, longer hospital stays, and higher hospital mortality than those without pulmonary complications. Patients with pneumonia had significantly higher levels of serum and pleural IL-6 immediately after surgery and on POD 1 than those without pneumonia. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed higher pleural IL-6 levels were associated with postoperative minimum PaO(2)/FiO(2) ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The elevation of pleural IL-6 levels immediately after surgery and on POD 1 may predict the incidence of pneumonia and the levels of postoperative impaired oxygenation following esophagectomy.
    Journal of Surgical Research 11/2012; · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) utilizes electrical coagulation, which can cause burns, fibrosis and adhesion of the stomach and surrounding tissue; these complications might increase the surgical difficulties for subsequent laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) and the risk of complications. However, scarce data are available on the influence of previous ESD on LAG. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of LAG following incomplete ESD in patients with early gastric cancer. Ninety-seven patients who underwent LAG were analyzed retrospectively; 17 patients had undergone ESD previously and the remaining 80 patients had no history of ESD. Clinicopathological data and surgical outcomes were compared between the two groups. No differences were observed in surgical outcomes of LAG after ESD in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, total number of harvested lymph nodes, time until start of flatus, and postoperative hospital stay. These results were not influenced by tumor location and operative procedures. In conclusion, in terms of surgical outcomes, LAG is a safe and feasible procedure for the treatment of early gastric cancer regardless of previous endoscopic treatment. LAG may be the first-choice radical treatment after incomplete ESD for early gastric cancer.
    Oncology Reports 09/2012; 28(6):2205-10. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: The safety of whole stomach-preserving Appleby operation with resection of the left gastric artery (LGA) for pancreatic cancer cannot be assured. Methodology: The anatomy of the celiac axis (CA) with special regard to the position of the origin of the LGA was examined. Using 3D images of the vascular architecture reconstructed from volume data of helical CT, the length of the CA and the position of the origin of the LGA from the CA were measured in 53 patients. Results: Among 53 patients, 47 patients (89%) had classical anatomy of the CA branches. The mean length (±standard deviation) of the CA and the distance from the root of the LGA to the bifurcation of the CA were 25.2mm (±4.9) (range 14.6-36.5) and 10.3mm (±4.5) (range 2.4-21.9), respectively. In 23 (45%) cases, the LGA arose farther than 10mm away from the bifurcation of the CA. Among six patients with anatomical variation of the arteries, two (4%) had the LGA directly arising from the aorta. Conclusions: Conservation of the LGA at modified Appleby operation would give complete cancer removal by en bloc resection of the nerve plexus, without risk of ischemic complications of the stomach and liver.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 04/2012; 59(120). · 0.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, novel intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy using a linear stapler after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) was reported and termed as the overlap method. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of the overlap method for esophagojejunostomy or esophagogastrostomy after LTG or laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG), respectively. Twenty-five patients underwent anastomosis using a linear stapler during esophagojejunostomy and esophagogastrostomy after LTG and LPG, respectively. Clinicopathological data and surgical outcomes were evaluated. The average surgical duration for LTG was 236.8 min compared with 224.1 min for LPG. Postoperative complications were observed in four patients (16.0%); these included a wound infection, an intestinal obstruction, an afferent loop syndrome, and a reflux symptom. The average postoperative hospital stay of the patients was 12.5 days. There was no case of conversion to open surgery, anastomotic leakage or stenosis, or mortality. The overlap method for esophagojejunostomy or esophagogastrostomy after LTG or LPG is safe and feasible and does not require an additional minilaparotomy, which may result in less pain and favorable cosmetic outcomes.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 03/2012; 397(5):833-40. · 1.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute lung injury is a frequent extraabdominal complication of bacterial peritonitis, and neutrophil plays an important role in this lung damage. Macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2) serves the same chemotactic function as IL-8 which is a potent neutrophil chemotactic factor in humans, and we investigated the role of MIP-2 associated with neutrophil recruitment in the lung of murine peritonitis. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) were performed on mice. MIP-2 levels in blood and lung tissue, MIP-2 mRNA expression in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and CD11b expression on peripheral blood neutrophil and BALF cells were determined after CLP. In addition, we investigated the effect of anti-MIP-2 antibody on the lung injury associated with peritonitis. MIP-2 mRNA expression was observed in lung tissue after CLP and numerous neutrophils were accumulated in the lung under those conditions. Anti-MIP-2 antibody contributed to the inhibition of the CD11b expression and chemotaxis of pulmonary neutrophils, lung edema, and thus the reduction in peritonitis-related mortality. MIP-2 plays a pivotal role in neutrophil recruitment in the lung following peritonitis, and control of neutrophil accumulation in the lung by neutralizing MIP-2 is recommended as a new therapeutic approach to the lung damage associated with peritonitis.
    Journal of Surgical Research 04/2002; 103(1):61-7. · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: After severe sepsis, there is an increase of Th2 cytokine and a decrease in Th1 cytokine that may account for impaired cellular immunity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the Th1, Th2 cytokine balance in the serum, peritoneal lavage fluid (PLF) and liver mononuclear cells (MNC) of experimental peritonitis mice, and determine the effect of interleukin-12 (IL-12), a cytokine stimulating Th1 cytokine production, when administered to septic mice. Experimental bacterial peritonitis mice was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (21-gauge needle, mild peritonitis) or cut (5 mm, severe peritonitis). Serum and PLF levels and liver MNC production of interferon (IFN)-gamma, IL-10, and IL-12 were measured after the procedure. Mild and severe peritonitis mice were treated intraperitoneally with recombinant IL-12 (r-IL-12) either 6 hours before or 6 and 24 hours after the procedure. The survival rates were then compared with nontreated mice. Serum and PLF IFN-gamma, IL-12 levels in severe peritonitis mice were significantly lower than those in mild peritonitis mice at 6 and 12 hours after the procedure. On the other hand, serum and PLF IL-10 levels in severe peritonitis mice were significantly higher than those in mild peritonitis mice at 6 hours after the procedure. Furthermore, liver MNC IFN-gamma production in severe peritonitis mice was significantly higher than that in mild peritonitis mice at 6 hours after the procedure, but liver MNC IL-12 production in severe peritonitis mice was significantly lower than that in mild peritonitis mice at 12 hours after the procedure. Severe peritonitis mice treated with r-IL-12 at 6 hours before the procedure improved survival rate, and mild peritonitis mice treated with r-IL-12 at 24 hours after the procedure showed significantly improved survival rates. Change in the Th1, Th2 cytokine balance in peritonitis mice might induce a shift toward a Th2 dominant phenotype according to the severity of peritonitis, and the capacity to produce IFN-gamma and IL-12 by liver MNC is reduced. Therapies designed to augment the production of Th1 cytokines, such as IL-12, may thus prove to be beneficial in the treatment of severe sepsis after peritonitis.
    The American Journal of Surgery 12/2001; 182(5):491-7. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: If the inflammatory response becomes excessive or uncontrolled by some stimuli, inappropriate inflammatory responses occur. Monocytes are extremely important cells for regulating the cytokine network and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and interleukin- (IL) 10, which are mainly synthesized by monocytes, are representative cytokines that play a central role in the cytokine network. Protease inhibitors such as gabexate mesilate (GM) and ulinastatin (UTI) have been shown to have various beneficial effects by inhibiting the activation of leukocytes, but the mechanism for this has yet to be fully elucidated. In this study we investigated the mechanism of the inhibitory effect of protease inhibitors on the proinflammatory cytokine production of lipopolysaccharide- (LPS) stimulated monocytes. LPS-stimulated monocytes were treated with GM or UTI. The value of TNFalpha and IL-10 in the culture medium of monocytes was measured and each mRNA expression was assayed. The inhibitory effect of protease inhibitors on the activity of intracellular signal transduction pathways such as protein kinase C (PKC) and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) were also evaluated. GM decreased the TNFalpha production of LPS-stimulated monocytes as shown by the inhibition of mRNA expression and increased the IL-10 production of LPS-stimulated monocytes. GM also suppressed the NFkappaB activity of LPS-stimulated monocytes. UTI decreased the TNFalpha production of LPS-stimulated monocytes, but did not inhibit the TNFalpha mRNA expression. The present study shows that the inhibitory effect of GM on the TNFalpha production of activated human monocytes is mediated by the suppression of NFkappaB activation, while the mechanism of UTI inhibiting TNFalpha production of human monocytes may be due to the inhibition of either the translation or secretion of TNFalpha.
    Shock 03/2001; 15(2):101-5. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate age-related changes in the host response to surgical stress. The clinical course, serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, monocyte production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and monocyte expression of CD11b/CD18 were used as markers of the systemic response. Patients with gastric cancer, undergoing distal gastrectomy were divided into 2 groups: >75 years of age (elderly group) and < or =75 years of age (young group). Serum IL-6 levels, TNF-alpha production and CD11b/CD18 expression by monocytes, and the postoperative clinical course were compared between the 2 groups. TNF-alpha production by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated monocytes and CD11b/CD18 expression on monocytes after surgical stress were significantly higher in the elderly than in the young group. Moreover, serum IL-6 levels on the first postoperative day in the elderly group were significantly higher than those in the young group. The incidence and duration of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) were significantly greater in the elderly than in the young group. The activation of monocytes and hypercytokinemia occur readily after surgical stress in the elderly and may therefore contribute to SIRS and increased susceptibility to postoperative complications.
    European Surgical Research 02/2001; 33(1):33-8. · 0.75 Impact Factor
  • Shock. 01/2001; 15(2):101-105.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surgical injury not only induces a systemic endocrine-metabolic response but also influences the function of the leukocytes and endothelial cells leading to various systemic responses. These responses appear to depend on the severity of surgical stress, which differs according to the surgical procedures. In this study, we investigated the response of monocytes and endothelial cells, and the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in relation to the severity of surgical stress. The postoperative clinical course was evaluated between patients undergoing an esophagectomy (ER group) and a distal gastrectomy (DG group). The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production of monocytes, the serum interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels, the CD11b expression on either monocytes or granulocytes, and the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) stimulated with culture supernatants of monocytes were compared between the 2 groups. The development of SIRS was observed in all patients in the ER group, whereas no patients demonstrated SIRS in the DG group. The serum IL-6 levels, TNF-alpha production of monocytes, and CD11b intensity on monocytes or granulocytes in the ER group were higher than those in the DG group. In the ER group, the ICAM-1 intensity on HUVECs with monocytes immediately after operation significantly increased compared with before the operation. In conclusion, both the CD11b expression on monocytes and the TNF-alpha production of monocytes are considered to reflect the degree of surgical stress, and the activation of endothelial cells stimulated with these activated leukocytes may therefore lead to both tissue and organ injury.
    World Journal of Surgery 02/2000; 24(1):10-6. · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • S Ono, S Aosasa, H Mochizuki
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of gabexate mesilate (GM) in reducing surgical stress after esophagectomy. In a prospective, randomized, clinical study, 11 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus were randomly assigned to two groups: 5 patients were continuously administered gabexate mesilate 1.5 mg/kg per hour from the beginning of anesthesia until the third postoperative day (preop GM group); and 6 patients were administered gabexate mesilate 1.5 mg/kg per hour continuously from the end of surgery and for the same postoperative period (postop GM group). Blood samples were taken from all patients before surgery, immediately after it, and 3 days after surgery. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) level, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production, and Mac-1 antigen expression of peripheral blood monocytes were measured. Clinical courses of patients in the two groups were compared. Time courses of serum IL-6 levels in the preop GM group were significantly lower than those in the postop GM group. Ex vivo TNF-alpha production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated monocyte was much higher than that by monocyte without LPS stimulation. Gabexate mesilate showed a little inhibition of TNF-alpha production by monocyte without LPS stimulation. On the other hand, gabexate mesilate significantly inhibited TNF-alpha production by LPS stimulated monocyte. Mac-1 antigen expression by monocyte immediately after operation in the preop GM group was significantly lower than that in the postop GM group. Duration of systemic inflammatory response syndrome was significantly shorter in the preop GM group than in the postop GM group. Reduction of systemic inflammatory response syndrome duration after esophagectomy by the continuous administration of gabexate mesilate started before operation may be through the suppression of TNF-alpha production capacity and Mac-1 expression on monocytes immediately after operation, and to suppression of increase in serum IL-6 level.
    The American Journal of Surgery 02/1999; 177(1):78-82. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial translocation (BT) is a well-known insult during total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and a high incidence of morbidity has been reported in septic patients receiving TPN. Inflammatory cytokines were shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of critical complications following sepsis. Previous studies have indicated that supplementation of TPN with glutamine is effective in preventing BT in animals, but its effectiveness in humans is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of oral glutamine supplementation to patients receiving TPN in suppressing cytokine production of mesenteric blood mononuclear cells (M-MNC). Fifteen colorectal cancer patients were divided into 3 groups according to preoperative nutrition management. (1) TPN group: TPN with conventional glutamine-free amino acid solution. (2) Gln group: TPN with oral glutamine supplementation of 30 g/d. (3) Control group: oral intake of normal food. M-MNC were obtained immediately after laparotomy and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) production of M-MNC was evaluated with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. TNF-alpha and IL-10 production by LPS-stimulated M-MNC was increased in the TPN group and suppressed in the Gln group. In conclusion, oral glutamine supplementation to patients with TPN was shown to be effective for the prevention of M-MNC activation to avoid excessive production of cytokines.
    Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 01/1999; 23(5 Suppl):S41-4. · 2.49 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endothelial cells (EC) are important for regulating the hemostatic balance of prothrombotic and antithrombotic activities. Proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) play an important role in the regulation of EC and also regulate the production of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), which is an EC-producing factor with the inhibitory activity of fibrinolysis, and the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), which is an adhesion molecule that plays an important role in inflammation. Protease inhibitors such as gabexate mesilate (GM) and ulinastatin (UTI) have been shown to improve the microcirculatory environment and reduce tissue damage, but the mechanism for this has yet to be fully elucidated. We investigated the effect of GM or UTI on EC regarding PAI-1 synthesis and ICAM-1 expression. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were obtained and stimulated with TNFalpha. GM or UTI was added to HUVECs just before TNFalpha stimulation. The PAI-1 activity in the culture medium of HUVECs was measured by using an enzymatic assay kit. The PAI-1 mRNA expression was assayed by a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay. The ICAM-1 expression on HUVECs was assayed by a flow cytometric analysis. GM inhibited the PAI-1 synthesis of HUVECs stimulated with TNFalpha in a dose-dependent manner as shown by the mRNA expression. However, UTI was not able to inhibit PAI-1 synthesis. In contrast, both GM and UTI significantly inhibited the ICAM-1 expression on HUVECs stimulated with TNFalpha. These data suggest that GM may thus provide a beneficial effect which improves the microcirculatory environment and prevents tissue damage by inhibiting the activation of the vascular EC themselves.
    Journal of Surgical Research 01/1999; 80(2):182-7. · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) production by liver, spleen, lung, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC), and peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) in experimental bacterial peritonitis was examined by cecum ligation and puncture (CLP) (with an 18-gauge needle) of BALB/c mice. MNC of organs were cultured for 18 h, and cytokine levels in supernatants were examined. Cytokines contained in peritoneal lavage fluid were regarded as those produced by PEC. Only liver MNC and PEC produced substantial amounts of IFN-gamma, and PEC were the main source of IL-10, especially 12 h after CLP. As reflected by the cytokine production by liver MNC and PEC, serum IFN-gamma and IL-10 levels were elevated after CLP. C57BL/6 (B6) mice and BALB/c nude mice showed a similar pattern of cytokine production. TNF-alpha levels in culture supernatants, peritoneal lavage fluid, and sera were not significantly elevated compared to those of sham-operated mice. In vivo depletion of NK cells of B6 mice with anti-asialo GM1 or anti-NK1.1 antibody greatly decreased IFN-gamma levels in liver MNC culture supernatants and sera, suggesting that liver NK cells are IFN-gamma producers. On the other hand, plastic-adherent PEC macrophages are the major IL-10 producers. Mice subjected to a cecum ligation and cut procedure (which have a more severe peritonitis) showed much higher IFN-gamma and IL-10 levels than those subjected to CLP, while mice subjected to CLP with a smaller (22-gauge) needle showed low levels of these cytokines. These findings show that liver NK cells and PEC macrophages are important for the production of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in bacterial peritonitis.
    Infection and Immunity 12/1998; 66(11):5286-94. · 4.07 Impact Factor
  • Nutrition 01/1997; 13(1). · 2.86 Impact Factor