Choon-Taek Lee

Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (112)340.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: FGFR1 amplification has been identified recently as an important therapeutic target in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). However, data from previous studies on the clinical implications of FGFR amplification in NSCLC are inconsistent. We evaluated FGFR1 gene copy number (GCN) in 369 cases of surgically resected NSCLC using five previously reported criteria and investigated associations between clinicopathologic parameters and FGFR1 amplification. FGFR1 amplification was found in 32/369 (8.7 %) of NSCLC and was more frequent in SqCC (18.0 % in SqCC, 3.0 % in adenocarcinoma; p < 0.001) and in smokers (p < 0.001). On univariate analysis, FGFR1 amplification was significantly associated with shorter overall survival (OS, 58.6 vs 80.0 months; p = 0.033) and shorter disease-free survival (DFS, 58.5 vs 80.0 months; p = 0.042) in patients with SqCC, but this was not statistically significant on multivariate analysis (OS: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.79, 95 % confidence interval [CI] = 0.83-3.87, p = 0.139; DFS: HR = 1.73, 95 % CI = 0.93-3.21, p = 0.081). The correlation between FGFR1 amplification and protein expression was poor (rho = 0.08; p = 0.123). These results suggest that FGFR1 amplification is associated with smoking history and squamous cell carcinoma histology and might indicate poor prognosis.
    Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) is characterized by chronic eosinophilic infiltration of the lung. It is dramatically responsive to corticosteroid treatment, but symptoms and radiopacities recur frequently after tapering or discontinuing the medication. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a well-known noninvasive marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the relationships of FeNO with peripheral eosinophilia and the clinical state of CEP and its validity for predicting exacerbation of CEP.
    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 05/2014; 14(1):81. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nodular ground-glass opacities (nGGO) are a specific type of lung adenocarcinoma. ALK rearrangements and driver mutations such as EGFR and K-ras are frequently found in all types of lung adenocarcinoma. EGFR mutations play a role in the early carcinogenesis of nGGOs, but the role of ALK rearrangement remains unknown.
    BMC Cancer 05/2014; 14(1):312. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bronchiectasis is the main cause of hemoptysis. When patients with bronchiectasis develop hemoptysis, clinicians often perform bronchoscopy and bronchial washing to obtain samples for microbiological and cytological examinations. Bronchial washing fluids were analyzed from patients with bronchiectasis who developed hemoptysis, and the clinical impacts of these analyses were examined. A retrospective observational study of patients who underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy for hemoptysis in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, a university affiliated tertiary referral hospital, between January 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed. Among them, patients who had bronchiectasis confirmed by computed tomography and had no definite cause of hemoptysis other than bronchiectasis were reviewed. The demographic characteristics, bronchoscopy findings, microbiological data, pathology results and clinical courses of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 130 patients were reviewed. Bacteria, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis were isolated from bronchial washing fluids of 29.5%, 21.3%, and 0.8% patients, respectively. Suspected causal bacteria were isolated only from bronchial washing fluid in 19 patients, but this analysis led to antibiotics change in only one patient. Of the 27 patients in whom NTM were isolated from bronchial washing fluid, none of these patients took anti-NTM medication during the median follow-up period of 505 days. Malignant cells were not identified in none of the patients. Bronchial washing is a useful method to identify microorganisms when patients with bronchiectasis develop hemoptysis. However, these results only minimally affect clinical decisions.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):739-45. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Critical care for advanced lung cancer patients is still controversial, and the appropriate method for the selection of patients who may benefit from intensive care unit (ICU) care is not clearly defined. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of stage IIIB-IV lung cancer patients admitted to the medical ICU of a university hospital in Korea between 2003 and 2011. Of 95 patients, 64 (67 %) had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≥2, and 79 (84 %) had non-small-cell lung cancer. In total, 28 patients (30 %) were newly diagnosed or were receiving first-line treatment, and 22 (23 %) were refractory or bedridden. Mechanical ventilation was required in 85 patients (90 %), and ICU mortality and hospital mortality were 57 and 78 %, respectively. According to a multivariate analysis, a PaO2/FiO2 ratio <150 [odds ratio (OR) = 5.51, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.10-14.48, p = 0.001] was independently associated with ICU mortality, and an ECOG PS ≥2 (OR = 9.53, 95 % CI 2.03-44.85, p = 0.004) and a need for vasoactive agents (OR = 6.94, 95 % CI 1.61-29.84, p = 0.009) were independently associated with hospital mortality. Refractory or bedridden patients (n = 22) showed significantly poorer overall survival (11.0 vs. 29.0 days, p = 0.005). Among 21 patients who were discharged from the hospital, 11 (52 %) received further chemotherapy. Certain advanced lung cancer patients may benefit from ICU management. However, refractory patients and patients with a poor PS do not seem to benefit from ICU care. Oncologists should try to discuss palliative care and end-of-life issues in advance to avoid futile care.
    Medical Oncology 03/2014; 31(3):847. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) have a high incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after lung resection, but there is little data about these complications in ILD after other types of surgery. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics and predictors of PPCs after major surgery in patients with ILD. Methods: We included 336 patients with ILD who underwent major surgery between January 2005 and December 2010 at two tertiary hospitals in Korea. All types of surgery that had been performed under general anesthesia were included. Demographic characteristics, preoperative lung function, and operative conditions including anesthesia time and estimated blood loss were compared between patients with and without PPCs. Results: PPCs occurred in 37 patients (11%). Thirteen patients developed pneumonia, the most common PPC, and 11 had acute exacerbation of ILD. In multivariable analysis, BMI <23 (OR = 2.488, 95% CI: 1.084-5.710, p = 0.031), emergency surgery (OR = 23.992, 95% CI: 2.629-218.949, p = 0.005), lung surgery (OR = 5.090, 95% CI: 1.391-18.628, p = 0.014), and longer anesthesia time (OR = 1.595, 95% CI: 1.143-2.227, p = 0.006) were statistically significant risk factors. Conclusions: The incidence of PPCs detected over all surgeries was not as high as that reported for lung surgery alone in ILD patients. Lower BMI, emergency surgery, lung surgery, and longer anesthesia time were risk factors. Operative conditions as well as lung function should be considered in preoperative planning and management for ILD patients undergoing major surgery. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Respiration 02/2014; · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have reported that pretreatment thrombocytosis is associated with poor outcomes in several cancer types. This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative thrombocytosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who undergo surgery. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 199 patients who underwent R0 resection for NSCLC between May 2003 and July 2006 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. The frequency of preoperative thrombocytosis was 7.5% (15/199). Patients with preoperative thrombocytosis had shorter overall survival (OS, P = 0.003) and disease-free survival (DFS, P = 0.005) than those without thrombocytosis. In multivariable analysis, patients with preoperative thrombocytosis had a significantly greater risk of death and recurrence than those without preoperative thrombocytosis (risk of death: hazard ratio (HR) 2.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39 to 6.37, P = 0.005; risk of recurrence: HR 2.47, 95% CI 1.22 to 5.01, P = 0.012). A tendency towards a shorter OS and DFS was observed in three patients with persistent thrombocytosis during the follow-up period when compared with those of patients who recovered from thrombocytosis after surgery. Preoperative thrombocytosis was valuable for predicting the prognosis of patients with NSCLC. Special attention should be paid to patients with preoperative and postoperative thrombocytosis.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; 12(1):37. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been few studies of pulmonary actinomycosis, which is an uncommon anaerobic infection. Consequently, the optimal therapeutic regimen, appropriate duration of treatment, long-term prognosis, and factors predicting prognosis are not well established. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of histopathologically confirmed cases of pulmonary actinomycosis seen between November 2003 and December 2012. The study included 68 patients with a mean age of 58.4 +/- 11.6 years. Of the 68, initial surgery was performed in 15 patients (22.1%), while the remaining 53 (77.9%) received antibiotic therapy initially. In the initial antibiotic group, 45/53 (84.9%) were cured without relapse (median antibiotic duration 5.3 months). 5/53 (9.4%) patients were refractory medically (median antibiotic duration 9.7 months), and 3/53 (5.7%) experienced a recurrence (median time to relapse 35.3 months). In the initial surgery group, 14/15 (93.3%) were cured and treatment failure occurred in one (6.7%). In the multivariate analysis, the absence of an antibiotic response at 1 month was the only independent factor associated with a poor treatment outcome, with an adjusted odds ratio of 49.2 (95% CI, 3.34-724.30). There was no significant difference in treatment outcome based on the size of the parenchymal lesion, comorbidities, whether intravenous antibiotics were used, antibiotic therapy duration, or whether the initial treatment was surgical. Antibiotic treatment with or without surgery was effective for treatment of pulmonary actinomycosis. Nevertheless, treatment failure or recurrence occurred in a considerable proportion of patients, especially those resistant to the initial antibiotic treatment.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 01/2014; 14(1):10. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is reportedly associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. However, few studies have explored whether IPF affects the long-term survival of lung cancer patients. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of lung cancer in IPF patients and impact of IPF on lung cancer survival. Methods Seventy IPF patients with histologically proven lung cancer were identified through a search of the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital database between 2003 and 2012. Of these, 33 patients who had undergone surgery were matched with 66 patients who had lung cancer without IPF. Matched variables included age, sex, histologic type, and lung cancer stage. Results Of the 70 subjects, 94% were male, and the mean age was 70 years (range, 46–90). In total, 81% of the tumors were located in the lung periphery, and 56% were in the lower lobe. The majority of cancers (70%) were observed in the fibrotic area on chest computed tomography scans. The most frequent histologic type was squamous cell carcinoma (40%). Among surgically treated patients (33 cases and 66 controls), the 5-year survival rates were 38% for lung cancer patients with IPF and 73% for those without IPF (p = 0.001). Conclusions Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common type of lung cancer in IPF patients. IPF reduced the survival of surgically treated lung cancer patients regardless of age, sex, histologic type, and/or lung cancer stage.
    Respiratory Medicine. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The discovery of the chromosomal fusion product of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) with echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4) (EML4-ALK) has changed the treatment paradigm of lung cancer. In this study, we analysed the clinical characteristics, including bronchoscopic findings, of patients with EML4-ALK-positive adenocarcinoma and compared them with those of EGFR mutation-positive patients. In this retrospective cohort study, the clinical characteristics and bronchoscopic findings of patients with ALK fusion-positive lung cancers were compared to patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancers. Among the 440 patients with adenocarcinoma of lung screened for this study, 46 (10.4%) harboured the EML4-ALK fusion, 90 (20.4%) harboured an activating EGFR mutation, and all had adenocarcinoma. In univariate analysis, ALK-positive patients were significantly younger than EGFR-positive patients (p = 0.004) and were more commonly male (p = 0.021). An initial status of stage IV metastatic cancer was more frequently noted in EML4-ALK-positive patients (p = 0.012), with initial brain metastasis frequently observed (p = 0.007). Compared with EGFR-positive patients, EML4-ALK-positive patients were significantly more likely to have positive bronchoscopic findings, which suggested a more centralized origin (p = 0.001). EML4-ALK patients also had significantly more positive bronchoscopic findings and were more commonly male in multivariate analysis. The EML4-ALK fusion defines a new molecular subset of NSCLC that has distinct clinical and bronchoscopic findings suggesting more proximal origin when compared to tumours harbouring EGFR mutations.
    Respiratory medicine 12/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MET gene copy number gain (CNG) and protein overexpression have been reported in lung cancer, but the clinical implications in early stage adenocarcinoma remain unclear. We investigated MET gene copy number and protein expression in 141 cases of surgically resected stage I pulmonary adenocarcinoma. MET gene CNG was determined by silver in situ hybridization, and MET protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The correlation between MET gene CNG/protein expression and clinicopathologic parameters and prognostic significance was analyzed. MET gene CNG was found in 24.1 % (34 of 141) of the cases and was associated with larger tumor size, pleural invasion, and lymphatic vessel invasion. MET gene CNG was inversely correlated with the presence of lepidic subtype (r = -0.17, p = 0.045) and was not associated with EGFR, KRAS mutation, or ALK gene rearrangement. In addition, MET gene CNG was significantly associated with shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (49 vs. 75 months; p < 0.001) and shorter overall survival (OS) (65 vs. 78 months; p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis confirmed that MET gene CNG was significantly associated with poorer DFS [p < 0.001; hazard ratio (HR) 5.5; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.2-13.9] but was not significantly associated with OS. MET overexpression was observed in 71.3 % of cases (97 of 136), but it was not correlated with gene CNG. MET gene CNG is an independent poor prognostic factor in patients with stage I lung adenocarcinoma. It is associated with aggressive pathologic features and is inversely correlated with the presence of lepidic subtype.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 11/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Survivin is a member of the inhibitors of apoptosis and frequently overexpressed in various cancer cells. Overexpression of survivin in lung cancer cells attenuates antitumor effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, data from the previous studies on the clinicopathologic implication of survivin in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) are inconsistent. We investigated the expression of survivin in 373 cases of surgically resected NSCLC. Correlations between the expression of survivin and clinicopathologic, molecular features and prognostic significance were analyzed. In adenocarcinoma, the increased expression of survivin was associated with the presence of vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, and tumor recurrences, but we didn't find any correlation with survivin expression and clinicopathological parameters in squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with high survivin expression had significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS; 42.2 vs. 58.8 months; p = 0.001) and shorter overall survival (OS; 60.8 vs. 71.5 months; p = 0.009) than those with low survivin expression group in adenocarcinoma. In squamous cell carcinoma, the expression of survivin was not associated with prognosis of the patients (DFS; 48.9 vs. 48.7 months; p = 0.837, OS; 61.0 vs. 62.4 months; p = 0.771). Multivariate analysis confirmed that survivin was an independent poor prognostic factor in adenocarcinoma (DFS: hazard ratio (HR), 1.687; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.123-2.532; p = 0.012; OS: HR, 1.965; 95 % CI, 1.108-3.486; p = 0.021). There was no statistically significant difference in the expression of survivin among different molecular subgroups (p > 0.05). Our results suggest that survivin is an independent negative prognostic factor in adenocarcinoma, but not in squamous cell carcinoma. The different prognostic roles played by survivin in adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma highlights the biological differences between these two histologic types.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 08/2013; · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: [This corrects the article on p. 7 in vol. 74, PMID: 23390447.].
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 04/2013; 74(4):195.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Focal ground-glass opacity (GGO) is becoming a major concern because of its possible association with lung cancer. In this study, we analyzed the long-term progression of GGOs that persisted for more than 2 years. METHODS: We reviewed focal GGOs identified by thin-section computed tomography that persisted for more than 2 years. RESULTS: We enrolled a total of 114 patients with 175 GGO lesions. The median patient age was 61 years (range, 37-92 years) and 42 (36.8%) patients were male. Mean initial GGO size was 7.8 ± 4.4 mm. Median follow-up duration was 45 months. Forty-six (26.3%) GGOs had significant size increases (≥2 mm in the longest diameter) with a mean volume doubling time of 1041 days. In a multivariate analysis, large size (≥10 mm), the presence of a solid portion (mixed GGO) and old age (≥65 years) were risk factors for significant size increase, with odds ratios (95% CI) of 6.46 (2.69-15.6), 2.69 (1.11-6.95) and 2.55 (1.13-5.77), respectively. GGOs with character changes from pure to mixed or mixed to solid showed more rapid volume expansion. CONCLUSIONS: GGOs which persisted for several years showed an indolent course. Large lesions with a solid portion and GGOs in male or elderly individuals may be cause for more concern, as these factors were associated with size increase. Resection should be considered if GGOs show character changes, as these may be associated with rapid size progression.
    Respiratory medicine 03/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Healthcare workers' mobile phones are easily contaminated with pathogenic bacteria and could be vehicles of transmission. Smart phones are increasingly used in the hospital. The objective of this study was to compare the contamination rate of bacteria with pathogenic potential between smart phones and non-smart phones. We screened mobile phones of healthcare workers in three teaching hospitals in South Korea. The identification of cultivated micro-organisms and assessment of antibiotic susceptibility were performed. One hundred fifteen (56.7%) participants used smart phones, and 88 (43.3%) used non-smart phones. Bacteria with pathogenic potential were isolated from 58 (28.6%) mobile phones, more often from smart phones than from non-smart phones (34.8% vs 20.5%, P=0.03). Multivariate analysis including various characteristics to determine risk factors revealed that only smart phones (vs non-smart phones) were a significant risk factor for contamination by bacteria with pathogenic potential (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 4.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43-11.31). Also, in a multivariate model including phone size, the smart phone was still a significant risk factor for the pathogen contamination (OR, 4.17; 95% CI, 1.07-16.33; P=0.04). The smart phones of healthcare workers were contaminated with bacteria with pathogenic potential to a greater extent than were non-smart phones. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2013;8:144-147. © 2013 Society of Hospital Medicine.
    Journal of Hospital Medicine 03/2013; 8(3):144-7. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) is usually elevated in ovarian cancer. However, there are several reports that serum CA-125 is elevated in tuberculosis. This study investigated the clinical significance of serum CA-125 measurements in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Between September 2008 and March 2011, Serum CA-125 was measured in patients with active pulmonary TB before treatment (baseline), and 6 and 12 months after initiation of anti-TB treatment. Patients with pulmonary TB confirmed by culture or polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB-PCR) were included. The study enrolled 100 patients. The mean serum CA-125 was 38.9 ± 41.4 U/ml (reference value, <35 U/ml). Thirty-eight patients showed elevated CA-125. Significantly more of those with elevated CA-125 were female (p < 0.001), and had a positive sputum smear for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) (p = 0.030). They also significantly more showed extensive pulmonary lesions on chest X-ray (p = 0.004). Elevated CA-125 was independently associated with female gender (OR = 12.5, 95% CI: 3.4-45.2), positive acid-fast staining of sputum (OR = 6.0, 95% CI: 1.8-19.7), cavitary lung lesion (OR = 4.0, 95% CI: 1.2-12.9), and involvement of more than one lung on chest X-ray (OR = 9.4, 95% CI: 2.2-40.1). The CA-125 level decreased with anti-TB treatment (p = 0.001). Serum CA-125 was related to the activity and severity of pulmonary TB, and it may be useful in the monitoring of therapeutic responses in certain cases of active pulmonary TB, especially in female patients of active pulmonary TB.
    Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland) 02/2013; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) can be measured easily, rapidly, and noninvasively for the assessment of airway inflammation, particularly mediated by eosinophil, such as asthma. In bronchiectasis (BE), the pathogenesis has been known as chronic airway inflammation and infection with abnormal airway dilatation; however, there are little studies to evaluate the role of FeNO in BE. From March 2010 to February 2012, 47 patients with BE, diagnosed by high resolution computed tomography (HRCT), performed FeNO, compared with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). All patients carried out a complete blood count including eosinophil count, chemistry, sputum examination, and spirometry, if indicated. A retrospective analysis was performed to elucidate the clinical role of FeNO in BE patients. The mean FeNO levels in patients with BE was 18.8±1.5 part per billion (ppb), compared to 48.0±6.4 and 31.0±4.3 in those with asthma and COPD, respectively (p<0.001). The FeNO levels tended to increase along with the disease severity scores by HRCT; however, it was statistically not significant. FeNO in BE with a co-infection of nontuberculous mycobacteria was the lowest at 17.0±3.5 ppb among the study population. FeNO in BE was lower than other chronic inflammatory airway diseases, particularly compared with asthma. For clinical application of FeNO in BE, more large-scaled, prospective studies should be considered.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 01/2013; 74(1):7-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Antibiotic treatment is one of the major pharmacologic treatments for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, the choice of antibiotic depends on the local resistance pattern. A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was done in patients with AECOPD to compare the efficacy of levofloxacin with that of cefuroxime axetil. Patients with AECOPD and without radiographic evidence of pneumonia were enrolled and randomized to either levofloxacin 500 mg daily or cefuroxime 250 mg twice daily in the mildmoderate exacerbation group, or 500 mg twice daily in the severe exacerbation group, for seven days. Clinical efficacy and microbiologic response were evaluated 5-7 days after the last dose. Treatment was clinically successful in 90.4% of patients in the levofloxacin group, and in 90.6% of patients in the cefuroxime group (95% confidence interval -9.40 to 10.91), within a noninferiority margin of 10%. The microbiologic response appeared to be higher in the levofloxacin group, but the difference was not statistically significant. The safety profile was similar in both groups. Levofloxacin is not inferior to cefuroxime with regard to clinical efficacy in treating AECOPD.
    International Journal of COPD 01/2013; 8:329-34.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) are associated significantly with responsiveness to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The objective of this study was to investigate the suitability of cytologic specimens for assessing EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinomas. METHODS: Sixty paired histologic and cytologic specimens of lung adenocarcinoma were collected. Exons 18 through 21 of the EGFR gene were amplified using polymerase chain reaction, and the mutation status of each sample was analyzed by pyrosequencing. A comparison of EGFR mutation status between histologic specimens and cytologic specimens was performed. RESULTS: The overall EGFR mutation concordance rate between histologic specimens and corresponding cytologic specimens was 91.7%. No significant difference was observed in the concordance rate between cytologic specimens from primary lesions and specimens from metastatic lesions (P = .63). The following parameters were correlated with the most reliable EGFR mutation results using the pyrosequencing method (100% concordance with the corresponding histologic specimens) in cytologic samples: a DNA concentration >25 ng/μL, content of >30 tumor cells, or a tumor percentage >30%. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, routinely prepared cytologic specimens were reliable sources for assessing EGFR mutation status. The authors concluded that cytologic specimens from metastatic lesions and primary tumors are suitable for the successful assessment of EGFR mutation status. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer Cytopathology 12/2012; · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Through the use of ubiquitous health, or u-Health, services, medical information can be adapted and made accessible via computer and Internet to provide quality healthcare to anybody, any place, and any time. We developed and implemented u-Health services for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and studied their experiences with respect to their knowledge of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and skill and attitude toward the u-Health devices. The u-Health services were composed of telemonitoring and teleconsultation supplemented with home visits. To determine its effectiveness, the u-Health service system was implemented for 2 years with 144 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in a clinical experiment. The subjects were divided into three experimental groups, each provided with different services, compared before and after intervention, and among groups. The analysis of data gathered through the system suggested that u-Health services can support patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, improve patients' knowledge about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease self-management, build u-Health device usage skills, and foster a positive attitude toward u-Health devices. The u-Health services for the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were both feasible and effective from the patients' perspective.
    Computers, informatics, nursing: CIN 12/2012; 30(12):661-71. · 0.95 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
340.27 Total Impact Points


  • 2004–2014
    • Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2000–2013
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Bundang Jesaeng Hospital
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
    • Soonchunhyang University
      Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2001–2012
    • Seoul National University
      • • College of Nursing
      • • Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • College of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2011
    • Sapporo Medical University
      • Division of Internal Medicine II
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 2009
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2007
    • Vanderbilt University
      • Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (VICC)
      Nashville, Michigan, United States
  • 2006
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea