[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The increased risk of skin cancer is well known in heart and kidney transplant recipients, but fewer data exist on liver-transplant recipients (LTRs). The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence, clinical features and risk factors of skin cancers in LTR treated mainly with tacrolimus.
We selected LTR grafted in our hospital between January 1996 and December 2008, aged 20 years or more at the time of the study. Data were collected from the patients' medical files and with a questionnaire.
Three hundred seventy-one LTR were included. The median follow-up period was 8.2 years. The overall prevalence of skin cancers was 13.5%. The prevalence of melanoma was 1.3%. The squamous cell carcinoma to basal cell carcinoma ratio was 1:3. Both the overall cumulative patient risk of de novo skin malignancies and the squamous cell carcinoma-to-basal cell carcinoma ratio increased with time postgraft. The duration of immunosuppression was a risk factor, in addition to those common in the general population. No association was found between the primary liver disease and the development of skin cancer.
Contrasting with previous data of the literature, our findings suggest that, for a similar follow-up time, the risk of skin cancer in LTR is comparable to that of kidney transplant recipients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Skin carcinomas, triggered by ultraviolet light, commonly develop post-transplantation and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. A recent study in kidney transplant recipients has shown that some of these tumours arise from donor-derived cells. This phenomenon is interesting for the study of carcinogenesis, although its effect on clinical practice is unknown.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, such as sirolimus and everolimus, have been shown to reduce cutaneous carcinogenesis in organ-transplant recipients requiring for immunosuppressive treatment to prevent from allograft rejection. Clinical observations suggest that cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) are more sensitive than basal cell carcinomas (BCC) to the antitumoral effect of these inhibitors. Aim: To investigate if the different response of SCC and BCC to mTOR inhibitors can be explained by differential expression of molecules involved in the mTOR signaling pathway.
The expression of phospho-mTOR was immunohistocemically studied in specimens of cutaneous SCC and BCC. Results. All 15 SCCs expressed significant cytoplasmic phospho-mTOR immunoreactivity; by contrast, 12/13 BCC were completely negative, only one BCC exhibited weak phospho-mTOR immunoreactivity.
The considerably higher expression of phospho-mTOR in SCC compared to BCC is a likely explanation for their higher sensitivity to mTOR inhibitors.
Anticancer research 09/2013; 33(9):3711-4. · 1.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are rare. This retrospective, multicenter study of 35 cases aimed to better describe this entity. Cases were (re)-classified according to the WHO-EORTC or the WHO 2008 classifications of lymphomas. Median interval between first transplantation and diagnosis was 85 months. Fifty-seven percent of patients had a kidney transplant. Twenty-four cases (68.6%) were classified as primary cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) and 11 (31.4%) as primary cutaneous B cell PTLD. Mycosis fungoides (MF) was the most common (50%) CTCL subtype. Ten (90.9%) cutaneous B cell PTLD cases were classified as EBV-associated B cell lymphoproliferations (including one plasmablastic lymphoma and one lymphomatoid granulomatosis) and one as diffuse large B cell lymphoma, other, that was EBV-negative. Sixteen (45.7%) patients died after a median follow-up of 19.5 months (11 [68.8%] with CTCL [6 of whom had CD30(+) lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD)] and 5 [31.2%] with cutaneous B cell PTLD. Median survival times for all patients, CTCL and cutaneous B cell PTLD subgroups were 93, 93, and 112 months, respectively. Survival rates for MF were higher than those for CD30(+) LPD. The spectrum of primary CTCL in organ transplant recipients (OTR) is similar to that in the general population. The prognosis of posttransplant primary cutaneous CD30(+) LPD is worse than posttransplant MF and than its counterpart in the immunocompetent population. EBV-associated cutaneous B cell LPD predominates in OTR.
American Journal of Transplantation 05/2013; 13(8). DOI:10.1111/ajt.12281 · 5.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Skin cancers are the commonest cancers after organ transplantation, affecting in the long term 60–75% of the patients. They include mostly carcinomas, especially squamous and basal cell carcinomas, but also melanoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma and other rare skin tumours such as Merkel cell carcinoma. The management of these tumours necessitates a multidisciplinary approach comprising dermatological treatments and revision of immunosuppression. Prevention consists of strict sun protection and early treatment of premalignant lesions.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Organ transplant recipients (OTR) are at increased risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, which may be related to reactivation of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Measurement of change in HPV antibodies after transplantation would help to explore this hypothesis. We measured antibodies to 34 HPV types on up to six occasions over 18 months in 441 OTRs from five European countries. At baseline (mean 24 days after transplantation), 80% of all OTRs were seropositive to at least one HPV type. The beta HPV genus had the highest seroprevalence (45%). For most HPV genera baseline seroprevalence peaked between 40 and 59 years old. Most OTRs retained their serostatus over time and antibody levels were stable. Seroprevalence in immunosuppressed OTRs is stable in the 18 months immediately after transplantation. Thus there is no short-term evidence that immunosuppression leads to new or reactivated skin infection with HPV sufficient to induce antibodies.