L. Golfieri

Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (14)10.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Intestinal transplantation has become an accepted therapy for individuals permanently dependent on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with life-threatening complications. Quality of life and psychological well-being can be seen as important outcome measures of transplantation surgery. Methods: We evaluated 24 adult intestinal transplant recipients and 24 healthy subjects (a control group). All subjects were administered the Italian Version of the Psychological Well-Being Scales (PWB) by C. Ryff, the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL), and the Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) by R. Kellner and G.A. Fava, a symptomatology scale. Quality of life and psychological well-being were assessed in transplant recipients in relationship to the number of rejections, the number of admissions, and the immunosuppressive protocol. Results: Intestinal transplant recipients reported significantly higher scores in the "personal growth" category (P = .036) and lower scores in the "positive relat
    Transplantation Proceedings. 01/2010; 42:42-44.
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    ABSTRACT: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors have been recently introduced in clinical practice after intestinal transplantation. We focused on Sirolimus (Rapamycin) to examine effects on rejection and graft survival following intestinal transplantation. Twenty isolated intestinal recipients and 5 multivisceral patients (2 with liver) in our series were divided into 3 groups: patients started on Sirolimus (because of nephrotoxicity or biopsy-proven rejection), who continued therapy longer than 3 months (n = 11); patients started on Sirolimus (because of nephrotoxicity or biopsy-proven rejection), who received therapy less than 3 months because of side effects (n = 4); and a control group, who never received rapamycin (n = 10). During prolonged treatment combined with Tacrolimus (Prograf), both Sirolimus groups showed a decreased number of acute cellular rejections (P < .01). Cumulative 3-year graft and patient survival rates were 81% in the Sirolimus greater than 3 months group, 100% in the Sirolimus less than 3 months group, and 80% and 90% in the control group, respectively (P = .63 and P = .62). In our experience, the use of mTOR-inhibitors in combination with calcineurin-inhibitors seemed to be more effective than monotherapy to reduce the number of rejections. Side effects can limit its use as maintenance therapy.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2007; 39(5):1629-31. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionInduction therapy has been recently adopted for intestinal transplant.Patients and methodsWe compared during first 30 days post-transplantation 29 recipients, allocated in two groups, treated with Daclizumab (Zenapax®) or Alemtuzumab (Campath-1H®).ResultsDuring first month, 45% of Daclizumab recipients experienced six acute cellular rejections (ACRs) of mild degree, while 63% of them developed an infection requiring treatment. We found three acute cellular rejections in 17.6% of Alemtuzumab recipients, two with moderate degree; 64.7% of them required treatment for infection.Discussion and conclusionsGraft and patient 3-years cumulative survival rate were not significantly different between groups. Alemtuzumab seems to offer a better immunosuppression during first month.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 04/2007; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Between December 2000 and December 2005, 25 isolated intestinal transplants from cadaveric donors have been performed for short gut syndrome (short bowel syndrome, 52%), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (24%), Gardner syndrome (16%), radiation enteritis (4%) and massive intestinal angiomatosis (4%). Indications for transplantation were: loss of venous access, recurrent sepsis due to central line infection, major electrolyte and fluid imbalance. Liver dysfunction was present in 13 cases. All patients were adult; median age was 36.3 yr and mean weight at transplantation 61.6 kg. All recipients were on life-threatening parenteral nutrition for a mean time of 23.7 months. Mean donor/recipient body weight ratio was 1.08. Rejection monitoring was accomplished by graft ileoendoscopies and intestinal biopsies through the temporary ileostomy. Our immunosuppressive regimen was based on induction therapy with three different protocols: daclizumab for induction, tacrolimus and steroids as maintenance therapy; alemtuzumab for induction and low-dose tacrolimus as maintenance; thymoglobulin for induction and maintenance based on low-dose tacrolimus. Closure of the abdomen at the end of transplantation represented a technical problem with several options performed: graft reduction, only skin closure, prothesic meshes, abdominal closure in two steps, cutaneous flaps and abdominal wall transplant in one case. The mean hospital stay was 37 days. The mean follow-up 27 months. Twenty patients are alive (80%) with two- and five-yr patient survival rate of 80% and 66%; mortality rate was 20% due to sepsis in all cases. Our two- and five-yr graft survival rate is 76% and 64%, graftectomy rate was 16%. Sixteen grafts are working properly, with no need of parenteral nutrition. We diagnosed 35 mild acute cellular rejection (ACRs), seven moderate ACRs and three severe ACRs (two needed graftectomy). We experienced two episodes of chronic rejection biopsy-proven. Rapamicine was added in case of renal failure or biopsy-proven intestinal rejection. Graft-vs.-host disease was not seen in our series while post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease in two cases. After discharge, the most common indication for medical support was dehydration. The abdominal wall transplant did not experience any rejection. Induction therapy has reduced the amount of postoperative immunosuppressive agents, especially in the first period, lowering the risk of renal failure and sepsis and the mucosal surveillance protocol for early detection of rejection dramatically reduced the number of severe ACR.
    Clinical Transplantation 01/2007; 21(2):177-85. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors have been recently introduced in clinical practice after intestinal transplantation. We focused on Sirolimus (Rapamycin) to examine effects on rejection and graft survival following intestinal transplantation. Patients and methods: Twenty isolated intestinal recipients and 5 multivisceral patients (2 with liver) in our series were divided into 3 groups: patients started on Sirolimus (because of nephrotoxicity or biopsy-proven rejection), who continued therapy longer than 3 months (n = 11); patients started on Sirolimus (because of nephrotoxicity or biopsy-proven rejection), who received therapy less than 3 months because of side effects (n = 4); and a control group, who never received rapamycin (n = 10). Results: During prolonged treatment combined with Tacrolimus (Prograf), both Sirolimus groups showed a decreased number of acute cellular rejections (P < .01). Cumulative 3-year graft and patient survival rates were 81% in the Sirolimus greater t
    Transplantation Proceedings. 01/2007; 39:1629-1631.
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    ABSTRACT: Between December 2000 and November 2006, 28 isolated intestinal transplants and nine multivisceral transplants (five with liver) from cadaveric donors have been performed for short gut syndrome (n = 15), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (n = 10), Gardner's syndrome (n = 9), radiation enteritis (n = 1), intestinal atresia (n = 1), and massive intestinal angiomatosis (n = 1). Indications for transplantations were: loss of venous access, recurrent sepsis due to central line infection, and/or major electrolyte and fluid imbalance. Liver dysfunction was present in 19 cases. All patients were adults of median age at transplant of 34.7 years and mean weight 59.6 kg. All recipients were on total parenteral nutrition for a mean time of 38.8 months. Mean donor/recipient body weight ratio was 1.1. The mean follow-up was 892 +/- 699 days. Twenty-five patients were alive (67.5%) with 3-year patient survivals of 70% for isolated intestinal transplantations and 41% for the multivisceral transplantations (P = .01). The mortality rate was 32.5% with losses due to sepsis (63%) or rejection. Our 3-year graft survival rates were 70% for isolated intestinal transplantations and 41% for multivisceral transplantations (P = .02); graftectomy rate was 16%. These were 88% of grafts working properly with patients on regular diet with no need for parenteral nutrition. Induction therapy has reduced the doses of postoperative immunosuppressive agents, especially in the first period, lowering the risk of renal failure and sepsis, mucosal surveillance protocol for early detection of rejection dramatically reduced the number of severe acute chronic rejections.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2007; 39(6):1987-91. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeMammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors have been recently introduced in clinical practice after intestinal transplantation. We focused on Sirolimus (Rapamycin) to examine effects on rejection and graft survival following intestinal transplantation.
    Transplantation Proceedings - TRANSPLANT PROC. 01/2007; 39(5):1629-1631.
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    ABSTRACT: Patients and methods: Between December 2000 and November 2006, 28 isolated intestinal transplants and nine multivisceral transplants (five with liver) from cadaveric donors have been performed for short gut syndrome (n = 15), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (n = 10), Gardner's syndrome (n = 9), radiation enteritis (n = 1), intestinal atresia (n = 1), and massive intestinal angiomatosis (n = 1). Indications for transplantations were: loss of venous access, recurrent sepsis due to central line infection, and/or major electrolyte and fluid imbalance. Liver dysfunction was present in 19 cases. All patients were adults of median age at transplant of 34.7 years and mean weight 59.6 kg. All recipients were on total parenteral nutrition for a mean time of 38.8 months. Mean donor/recipient body weight ratio was 1.1. Results: The mean follow-up was 892 (plus or minus) 699 days. Twenty-five patients were alive (67.5%) with 3-year patient survivals of 70% for isolated intestinal transplantations and 41% for
    Transplantation Proceedings. 01/2007; 39:1987-1991.
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    ABSTRACT: The psychological construct of coping has been studied extensively in other medical populations and has more recently been applied in the field of transplant psychology. Coping can be defined as all abilities used by people to face problematical and stressful situations, as the data in literature describe the experience of transplantation. The purpose of this study was to describe the coping styles used by 25 intestinal transplant recipients. To assess the coping strategies, we used the Italian version of Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE) by Sica, Novara, Dorz, and Sanavio (1997). The authors divided these strategies into three classes: problem-focused, emotion-focused, and potentially disadaptive strategies. This questionnaire is usually used in a medical setting. Even if the long process of psychological-clinical adaptation required by intestinal transplantation put patients in a passive acceptance of their situation and their incapacity to face it, our patients showed high levels of
    Transplantation Proceedings. 01/2007; 39:1992-1994.
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate liver function recovery after isolated intestinal transplantation in adults with irreversible intestinal failure. Over a 5-year period, we transplanted 34 adult patients, 25 of whom received an isolated intestinal graft, 4 a multivisceral graft without a liver, and 5, a multivisceral graft with a liver. Among the group of patients transplanted with the isolated graft we selected 14 recipients with pretransplant liver dysfunction, namely, a serum bilirubin >2 mg/dL (normal value: 1.2) and/or transaminases >100 IU/mL (NV, 37/40). Other inclusion criteria were total parenteral nutrition, period > 3 months, no diagnosis of portal hypertension or cirrhosis. Two patients had biopsy-proven liver fibrosis. At discharge, all patients recovered liver function to normal values: mean bilirubin blood level was 0.9 +/- 0.96 mg/dL (range: 0.3-1.6) and mean transaminases were 26 +/- 9 and 31 +/- 18 IU/mL (range: 10-44/27-65). After a mean follow-up of 2 years, only one patient has an elevated alanine aminotransferase level without clinical signs of liver disease. Type of pretransplant liver disease did not impact on survival rates. In selected cases, an isolated intestinal or a multivisceral graft without a liver can represent a "liver salvage therapy" for an early failing liver in patients with irreversible intestinal failure. Pretransplant liver disease is not a negative prognostic factor.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2006; 38(10):3620-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical approaches to complicated benign intestinal failure are gaining acceptance, especially in the pediatric population. Less international experience has been obtained in adult patients, who are usually treated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN). An intestinal rehabilitation program was started in our institution with comprehensive medical rehabilitation, surgical bowel rescue, and transplantation. Among 38 adult patients referred by our gastroenterologists for bowel rehabilitation and surgically treated in our institution, 92.2% received TPN on admission. After careful evaluation, 71% underwent transplantation. Five patients died, but 18 recipients were completely weaned off TPN at follow-up. Eleven patients underwent surgical resection of the affected bowel and a subsequent program of intestinal rehabilitation: they were all alive and weaned off TPN at discharge. At a 2-year mean follow-up, deaths occurred only in the transplant population. Therefore, intestinal surgical rescue, if successful, is optimal in adult patients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 06/2006; 38(4):1145-7. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical approaches to complicated benign intestinal failure are gaining acceptance, especially in the pediatric population. Less international experience has been obtained in adult patients, who are usually treated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN). An intestinal rehabilitation program was started in our institution with comprehensive medical rehabilitation, surgical bowel rescue, and transplantation. Among 38 adult patients referred by our gastroenterologists for bowel rehabilitation and surgically treated in our institution, 92.2% received TPN on admission. After careful evaluation, 71% underwent transplantation. Five patients died, but 18 recipients were completely weaned off TPN at follow-up. Eleven patients underwent surgical resection of the affected bowel and a subsequent program of intestinal rehabilitation: they were all alive and weaned off TPN at discharge. At a 2-year mean follow-up, deaths occurred only in the transplant population. Therefore, intestinal surgical rescue, if successful
    Transplantation Proceedings. 01/2006; 38:1145-1147.
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    ABSTRACT: The psychological construct of coping has been studied extensively in other medical populations and has more recently been applied in the field of transplant psychology. Coping can be defined as all abilities used by people to face problematical and stressful situations, as the data in literature describe the experience of transplantation. The purpose of this study was to describe the coping styles used by 25 intestinal transplant recipients. To assess the coping strategies, we used the Italian version of Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE) by Sica, Novara, Dorz, and Sanavio (1997). The authors divided these strategies into three classes: problem-focused, emotion-focused, and potentially disadaptive strategies. This questionnaire is usually used in a medical setting. Even if the long process of psychological-clinical adaptation required by intestinal transplantation put patients in a passive acceptance of their situation and their incapacity to face it, our patients showed high levels of problem-focused strategies, indicators of positive outcomes for this intervention. Anyway, this is a slow and gradual path that goes with the psychological distress and the need for a peculiar psychological support of problem-focused strategies. The result suggested that assessment of coping strategies should be explored in intestinal transplant to encourage the use of action-oriented methods and discourage those with possible negative effects.
    Transplantation Proceedings 39(6):1992-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal transplantation has become an accepted therapy for individuals permanently dependent on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with life-threatening complications. Quality of life and psychological well-being can be seen as important outcome measures of transplantation surgery. We evaluated 24 adult intestinal transplant recipients and 24 healthy subjects (a control group). All subjects were administered the Italian Version of the Psychological Well-Being Scales (PWB) by C. Ryff, the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL), and the Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) by R. Kellner and G.A. Fava, a symptomatology scale. Quality of life and psychological well-being were assessed in transplant recipients in relationship to the number of rejections, the number of admissions, and the immunosuppressive protocol. Intestinal transplant recipients reported significantly higher scores in the "personal growth" category (P = .036) and lower scores in the "positive relation with others" (P = .013) and "autonomy" (P = .007) dimensions of PWB, compared with the controls. In the WHOQOL, the scores of transplant recipients were lower only in the psychological domain (P = .011). Transplant recipients reported significantly higher scores in the "somatic symptom" (P = .027) and "hostility" (P = .018) dimensions of the SQ, compared with the controls. Transplant recipients with number of admissions >8 reported higher scores in "anxiety" (P = .019) and "depression" (P = .021) scales of the SQ, and the patients with a Daclizumab protocol reported higher scores in "depression" (P = .000) and "somatic symptom" (P = .008) of the SQ. There were no significant differences regarding number of rejections and socio-demographic variables. Improvement of psychological well-being in the transplant population may be related to the achievement of the goal of transplantation: recovery of bowel function. But the data confirmed that the transplant experience required a long and difficult adaptation trial to the new condition of "transplant recipient."
    Transplantation Proceedings 42(1):42-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor